The perfect form of temporal MOTION is the straight line in movement – the shortest, faster trajectory between 2 points of space – and its society, a plane motion. The perfect form of temporal information is the circle and its society, the sphere, which keeps the maximal information in minimal space. Both, opposed, inverse forms shape the spatial, linear, limbs and potentials – the first dimension of space-time – and its inverse 3rd dimension of cyclical, informative, clocks of time that become the complementary forms of all organic systems merged into the second dimension of body-waves of energy.
Beyond those ‘present-simultaneous systems’, is left below the Entropy of expansive, dissolving ∆-1 scales of faster smaller timespace organisms, the 4th dimension, and the absolute virtual stillness of the mind-world information, the 5th dimension that creates the whole, conforming together the 2 scalar dimensions of the Universe.
Those 5 Dimensions together form all the complementary systems of reality. In these sub posts posts we study the 2nd DImotion, Locomotion in a ferw of those scales.
2D: LOCOMOTION IN THE ‘QUANTUM SCALE’
Particles and waves – entropic and reproductive locomotion.
Locomotions, the 1st Dimotions are translations in space, in which the parameter of life duration of the imprinting is minimal in adjacent motion-form/position STates.
Let us follow the procedure of other posts and study the simple, lineal motions of the Universe – hence wave motions – with the Disomorphisms of the ECD method (experimental facts and correspondence with classic theories, enlightened further with new insights provided by the Disomorphic space-time properties of all systems of reality).
Loco-Motion studied by Physics is the simplest of all motions and the first studied by human beings, related to pure lineal motions (without entropic scattering, which decelerates a motion in time, converted into an spatial new dimension).
As such locomotion is essentially a ‘self-contained’ reproduction of information obtained by:
- 2D: an ‘∆-ST-wave’-motion on present space-time, which reproduces its simpler form different from:
- 4D: an ∆-1 or by a ∆+1 particle > ∆-1 field, which disorders the lowest scale in 4D ‘producing’ an expansive, backwards effect on space used by the particle ‘to glide’ over it (rocket-like motion.
In that regard the 2 forms of motion belong to two different dimensions of space-time. But we shall consider them both in this post, as the 4Dimension of entropy is more connected with its function – death; and the duality of those 2 motions compared here will give us an opportunity to compare the two fundamental states of systems:
- Present-wave state
- Past to future, entropy to information, potential to particle state.
∆-3 scale: Those 2 forms of locomotion are obviously more clear on the quantum scale, as it is the limit of human perception, where the reproduction of information only needs to chance or imprint the lower gravitational scale (wave reproduction) and/or its quantum potential (particle reproduction).
The first is described by Schrodinger’s wave equation.
The second past-potential>Future particle by Broglie->Bohm pilot wave theory recently proved, in which the particle moves by expanding and scattering the lower field (likely a gravitational neutrino background, with pilot wave scatters fluctuating around a c-constant).
Its analysis in detail will set the way in which locomotions occur in higher scales and more complex fluids (so locomotion in gravitational and ¥-space-time will be akin to locomotion in fluids either as waves or particles do). But we shall not introduce mathematical physics in-depth till the 4th line. So here we shall just make some insightful comments.
To start with ‘obviously’ the maximal speed of motion happens in the minimal form of information, light, as it has to imprint barely the quantum potential/gravitational invisible field to form the electromagnetic field, reason why the equation of c-speed refers to the lower quanta of magnetism and electricity that ‘order’ into a bidimensional wave form:
c² = 4π k(electric, coulomb curvature)/µ-agnetic constant
Notice how Maxwell’s equation change, as we ‘extract’ by squaring it, the ‘actual holographic c² st-wave of light, which is decomposed in the other side, passing to the numerator, the meaningless εo constant, which REALLY is, the inverse of the real ‘thing’ the k-curvature constant of electric fields. So the wave of light imprints/curves the quantum potential/gravitational field/neutrino background/dark entropy (similar concepts with slightly kaleidoscopic different views on the same theme, the ∆-1 larger scale).
Lower scales. quantum potential, infinite speed.
Now, the human being moves on electric repulsion and gravitational forces, taking advantage of the larger space and motion of the i-4 scale, below the scale of i-3 bits of perception… and for that reason the realm of ‘quantum potential forces’ is both invisible, with zero information and infinite, non-local in speed, to us: V=s/tiƒ=s/o=∞.
So we come now in full collision with the invisibility of pure time (information hold as the eidos, of platonic thought in an immortal logic immanent program of actions of all systems) and pure space (simultaneous infinite speed-distance of the invisible gravitational field, with its relative infinities), with the concept of ‘finitesimal’ (relative infinity of 0 size of ginormous size from an ∆o perceptor) and all the other questions that physicists have never properly grasped on the limits of our mental reality.
LOCOMOTION AS REPRODUCTION
Locomotion is not a simple STep. It requires a change of scale besides and adjacent reproduction of form, as the whole wave translates, into its next adjacent form, such as the wave which has less scales of complexity from the minimal photon scale of the background space-time we perceive, the faster it will move, from the maximal speed of light to the minimal speed of the black hole, which is a gravitational pole of no motion in the light space-time.
The drawings of existence as a wave-particle moves have to repeat the whole information of the being in every adjacent next ‘creation’ of new particles, atoms, molecules, cells, matter systems… till reaching the being. The speed of reproduction through those scales diminish and so from the maximal c-speed of reproduction of form, to the no change of form, the immutable ‘i-logon’ of existence, all ranges of speed happen.
All dimensions are motions and forms. Yet we have explained a few times that ‘motion’ implies reproduction of form in a lower scale of the being. You do NOT MOVE, you reproduce yourself in an adjacent region, and to do so you have to ‘reorganise’ smaller ∆-1 cells/atoms/individuals, with at least a ‘collective wave’ of information (genes, quantum numbers, memes distributed simultaneously to all of them). So all motions, all time dimensions MUST happen between two relative ∆ and ∆-1 scales as a wave of information that imprints a lower scale:
In the graph motion has always had a difficult paradox, never clearly solved, of continuity called Achilles paradox; which only has a solution if we consider as quantum physics seem to prove that in the scalar Universe, reproduction of form happens in all scales.
In the right graph we see the actual appearance of a quantum wave, exactly as a reproductive wave, in which each new particle is the stop position reproduced, leaving behind a ‘memorial ghost’ as the previous particle-waves dissolves into the vacuum.
So even motion is reproduction of form; and this, when extended to the reproduction of a superorganism through all the scales of the fifth dimension determines that a being moves faster when less information reproduces.
And so a new fundamental equation of speed, which takes into account the fractal structure of reality and the true meaning of ‘light speed’, which is speed of transmission of information solves the paradox of the constancy of speed (the reason which when I was a kid, at 8, reading Asimov’s guide to science, came to my mind as the biggest question to resolve in my long quest for ‘whys’.
So we write: V=S/Ti: that is speed is speed of transmission of information.
So we change the canonical definition of time in Galileo (and Einstein’s refinement) substituting the term of time for information: v=s/Ti.
Thus the being with more form has lesser speed as it moves in stop-reproduction of form through motion-stop. And when the system has maximal density of form, obviously there is more to reproduce across all its scales of the fifth dimension, from its particles, through atoms, molecules, matter/cells, super organism etc. While the maximal speed is that of light, because it has the MINIMAL information to reproduce.
And then gravitation that is invisible to us hence v=s/0 information must be infinite, non-local in speed. And inversely the densest vortex of gravitational information, the black hole IS ALWAYS STILL as it is in its own static frame of reference as the most attractive vortex of time.
So in the middle between maximal c-speed of reproduction of minimal information and zero speed of maximal black hole information the rest of beings, including us move reproducing all its scales of Information. So when you move your hand through all the scales of being you must reproduce all those scales to finally form your hand. What reproduces is NOT matter but form in motion, in action in-form-a(c)tion.
Y ou are the vital information which becomes imprinted in ever-changing, indistinguishable, repleceable CHNO atoms.
As your ‘real first scale’ of being, as a ternary superorganism of relational space-time, is your ∆-1, cellular genetic scale; formed with ‘any’ indistinguishable CHNO atom.
Thus light merely warps the entropy of the lower scale-field, ∆-1, which is invisible gravitation to us and hence must have less information and more speed, as experiment prove (gravitational non-local, invisible action at distance, due to the lack of human detectable information, which gives a speed for the quantum potential field/gravitational field of: v -> s/ti≈0 -> s/0=∞). So this wave of light is really impressing a quantum field of action at distance, faster than light (Bohm’s discovery on the pilot-wave theory which we have to marry with the non-observance of particle during the motion, to fully grasp the process):
In the graph, light as a supœrganism, feeding on the quantum potential field of the dark world. Its motion thus reproduces form, imprinting the lower scale of v>c of the dark world≈gravitational≈neutrino≈dark entropy≈expanding vacuum in the multiple physicists parallel ∆•st views.
Non-local quantum fields below light space-time, the next scale which Bohm formalised must therefore be much faster than light, to the point of being seemingly non-local or else causality essential to time processes (even if sometimes is co-causality or multiple causal rays joined in a point) would not happen.
Normally those parameters that quantify the difference of speed (s/t), density (t/s) and momentum ( s x t) between scales and its species are on decametric, ternary potencies, as the 5D scales are. So ± 1, 10, 1oo, 1ooo, 10.000 are the commonest differences between scales. I.e. the fine structure constant, measure the difference between the light scale speed and the next upper ∆+1 electronic scale, around +100 (137). The difference of scaling between photons and electrons and the lower ∆-1 scale though is larger.
After all dense photons are just the ‘cellular’ level of electrons. So for complex more detailed reasons concerning the parameters of GST scaling, action at distance should be on the α² bidimensional speed scaling, compared to the larger, light world, around 10.000 times faster and all that happens in 10 thousand times more distance within the minimal quanta of human observation should seem to us NON-LOCAL.
A Chinese lab measured non-locality which turned out to have a c=10.000 speed, for its ‘thinner’ minimal messages; or upper boundary of maximal speed of non-local effects; and so we do observe all kind of non-local c<V<10.000 C PHENOMENA, which of course theorist then vehemently deny to uphold its pretension of absolute truths under c speed, which is only the speed of information in the scale of light space-time, as the substrata of the scale is the Bg light background radiation.
So as you cannot travel faster than a plane when you are inside of it, you cannot travel faster than light when you are inside a galaxy sustained by a light space-time substrata. But outside, in the dark world you do have the possibility to go faster.
So as motion is reproduction, all is reproduction in the fractal world.
Locomotion, speed, wave and field-particle duality.
The Paradox of Galileo – ‘why if the Earth moves, we see it still?’ – is the key question to understand the meaning of dimensions, which can be generalized to all forms: ‘why we see reality still, if all what we study in the quantum scale has motion?’
The answer- given by quantum physics that we expand to all scales – is the law of complementarity: ‘all what exists is still and has motion at the same time; all is a ‘fixed particle’ and a ‘moving wave’, but we perceive a limited quantity of information about reality – either state, but not both dual, complementary states, a motion-wave state and a still-particle state, together.
The fact is the best explanation of motion is one of reproduction of information, which requires a constant stop, reproduce your information in the next region of space-time, go… sliding and converting motion in yet another form of reproduction, which becomes then the fundamental ‘nature’ of reality – a fractal that reproduces information. And we shall return to that key insight.
In the graph, we show also 3 practical/theoretical proofs/explanations deduced of it – just a token of the ginormous number of ‘solid’ whys provided by ∆st: .
- The complementarity wave-particle and our perception of quantum motions as a constant reproduction of the wave-form states..
- which means the minimal unit of reproduction, the angular momentum, h, will always be unlocalised by a unit (uncertain principle), as the process of reproduction is always between two steps…
- A fact that solves Achiles paradox, as motion has a finitesimal limit in the ‘bit of informative reproduction’ and its size.
LOCOMOTION MEASURED IN THE HUMAN SCALE – GALILEAN PARADOX
Minds always perceive more form, more in-form-ation than motion. Hence the Galilean paradox – we see the Earth still. We carry this paradox to quantum scales to explain…
It explains also in realistic terms why c-speed is constant in relativity: TO COMMUNICATE both particles must first entangle each other in the lower scale (neutrino/gravitational/tachyon scale at ¡±4), so they HAVE no motion relative to each other… and so when we measure with human eyes or electronic eyes the speed of light that we have communicated, with other ‘locked’ entangled particle always will be measured in the stop position of both particles at constant c-speed.
But as we in the ‘human scale’ ∆o see continuous motion integrating the ‘camera-like’ stop and go perceive and move reality, to make measures of time and space in our level of reality accurately as continuous motion we need to use Einstein’s time dilation/length contraction and mass increase.
Let us then fully switch to the perspective of:
And that wave state is defined by Compton’s wavelength, which is a quantum mechanical property of a particle,equal to the wavelength of a photon whose energy is the same as the mass (mass-energy equivalence) of that particle.
The standard Compton wavelength, λ, of a particle is given by λ=h/mc.
And it relates to the speed of a mass, as follows. V=s/ð, where ð is the cyclical frequency of information or mass parameter (E=mc2+e=hƒ->Mass=h/c2 ƒ.
As mass is the frequency of rotation of a cosmic time vortex:
Thus the more information a locomotion reproduces the slower it moves. And this is why the ‘frequency of the Compton wave’ that represents the mass but also the length-step where the mass must be reproduced is ‘smaller’; the mass stays longer in the position to reproduce all its information.
This step and stop motion of particles becomes then an essential feature of a ginormous number of equations of physics as a particle of higher mass must spin, stop and then move. Spin is then the parameter-clock of information of the system and so as the speed moves towards c, it becomes a limit, which the particle tries to break but can’t without loosing its own nature.
The outcome are the dilation of time (spin cycles that define our perception of time, as the minimal unit of intelligence of the Universe, are now more difficult to close as the wave constantly moves), and an increase of mass (the inertia to motion increases as the speed ‘deforms’ the particle), till finally before reaching v=c the particle explodes into entropy (the inverse of information) so the sign of Einstein’s equation changes to ‘negative mass’.
In the graph, they display different forms. But information dominates and defines an arrow of complexity and increase of height (the dimension of perception), from where informative organs (heads, cameras, black holes, skyscrapers), perceive and control with invisible languages (words, images, gravitation, money), the ‘unmoved bodies’ of energy under them. They are indeed what Aristotle called the multiple unmoved Gods of the Universe.
The 2 primary elements of the Universe, lineal entropy and cyclical form, mix and evolve, till reaching the threshold of complexity that gave light atoms living properties and now it is about to give the same life properties to metal systems.
In the graph, in biological and morphological terms, we can easily recognize the ‘limbs and heads’ of humans, animals or machines, because they have a clear morphology, which corresponds to that of generic energy and information.
Entropy is lineal because the line is the shortest distance between 2 points; and so it is also the fastest energetic movement. Information has cyclical forms, because cycles store maximal information in minimal space.
For example, a human body and a machine body, a weapon, should not have anything in common; but if we observe the morphology of both, it is clear those morphologies correspond to the generic morphology of all energies: they are big, lineal systems that move in space. So our limbs are lines extended in space like a ‘missile’.
On the other hand, our eyes and brains are smaller and cyclical, like the cameras and chips that act as information organs in machines, ordering ‘limbs of metal’ with digital information. The functions of those ‘systems’ are also biological. Weapons are lineal, energetic forms that kill human beings.
Holographic systems are thus expressed in everything.
11 D MODEL: S≈T SYMMETRIES & ∆±2 TRIPS
We shall thus in the blog use mostly a simplified analysis of the 5 Dimensions and a more complex Disomorphic analysis of the 10 dimensions in a vital, organic sequential way, as the system grows from a monad of a single dimension THROUGH THE LADDER OF ISOMORPHISMS TO COMPLETE IN ITS WORLDCYCLE its final existence through all the 9 and 10 scales of social evolution (during its emergent age) and actions through planes… The astounding variety of the Universe being in variations of order, symmetries and stages of those worldcycles of topological super organisms. So we shall here briefly comment on that constant growth of the being till it reaches its zenith and then declines fast as a ‘dotard’ (:
The simplest 1, 2, 3… 4th, 5th, 6th dimensions.
The Universe is a superoganism of 10 dimensions of symmetric space-time. Whereas time means motion and space form. Yet since due to Galilean>Einstein’s relativity we cannot distinguish motion from form, for each dimension of space, we must consider a symmetric dimensions of time (the form we see in motion).
Since as we can only compare entities with equal number of dimensions we must write, S=T, as the fundamental law of the Universe, which is display in all kind of beings.
The equivalent of this law of balance in physics, is a Lagrangian of the form:
Sp (size in space) x Tiƒ (speed of time clocks of information) = Constant ∫S-T∂st=0
And or, the laws of conservation of momentum: S x T (mv, etc.), and energy its integral in a closed cycle.
Two simple laws of conservation and least time in which all of physics is based; albeit explained with complicated ‘pedantic’ obtuse laws, such as the Noether theorem, group theory, etc. which obviously need them to go back to school and learn what the magic of maths and the origin of those laws are in 10D.
This is the law of balance and co-existence of reality that make humans and civilisations co-exist as single super organisms. Cells and organisms co-exists in a single individual, and so, the Universe is a beautiful organic, fractal of scales of reality which follow the same goals of reproducing information to become immortal in ‘states of balance’. And those laws apply also to history and economy systems that should try to find such balances to survive.
Thus we can start studying beings of one dimension of space and one dimension of time-motion, simultaneously. As reality requires that for each dimension of space we perceive one of time.
It can allow us to construct bidimensional (minimal being) type of species, which go on constructing the reproductive equations of a bidimensional world of space-time.
So the simplest analysis are those in which we observe a ‘non-e point in space, a point with breath’, as a single dimension, coupled with a dimension of lineal motion, the first dimension of time.
Then we can consider holographic bidimensional entities with dimensions of form and motion:
In the graph we see systems with information and motion=time; systems with entropy and form (bidimensional space), and 4D combinations, of which the basic one is light space-time (our electronic perception of both being tuned to such ‘minimal quanta’ of our perceived reality.
Next we can consider combinations of 3 dimensions of form and 3 dimensions of space; and here we exhaust the existence of a system in single space-time continuum:
In the graph we see 6 dimensional descriptions of a space-time super organism. Now we are talking (: indeed, we can describe an enormous number of systems with 3 ‘fractal parts’ with 3 topologies in space and 3 functions in time, and as it happens since a 4Dimensional system have only 3 possible topologies, that is enough to understand the processes of topological evolution that complete our work in evolution, through 3 topological ages, dominated by each of those 3 elements, and describe a generator equation for all of them:
Γ; $pe: lineal limbs/fields of entropy <Ø-ST hyperbolic-bodywaves>O-particle/heads of information.
But then departing from that primary entropic motion, the growth of reproduction will cause the different worldcycles of beings; which will lead to the system’s final warping into a cyclical vortex of time, mass or charge or any other particle of any other scale. And the mathematical or organic detail and mirror will put on it will always end up shown as the three ages of time or if we put a different mirror on it with less more detail we can analyse the system as we do in general in this blog with other biological systems, as the product of an… organic world cycle.
In the graphs, we see simple, basic motions of the lowest scales of particles and waves, which move reproducing in a lower scale. Moreover modern topology describes forms always as topological networks.
The steps of locomotion require the reproduction of the form in the adjacent scale by reforming lower planes to the level of the atom forces, or else the being is not reproduced thoroughly. As such locomotion is the FIRST FORM OF REPRODUCTION OF THE UNIVERSE. If we consider the dimotion of informative gauging the ‘creative’ form in which forces become slowed down and ‘form’ an image of software according to a hardware that creates the mind, true locomotion happens when the reproduction of form by translation of the being takes place.
So to define a single space-time continuum form we need at least two scales, that of parts and wholes which form together a topological network of any of those 3 varieties:
So when we talk of a truly transformative motion in the fifth dimension which does NOT surface back into the ∆-scale as reproductive motions and topological transformations of networks do, we need two jumps in the fifth dimension.
Past is space, entropy, simplicity, death, dissolution, in the absolute relative Universe, we all return to the past as we close our world cycle, dissolving away after the 3rd age into the lower ∆-1 scale and beyond as death erases to planes of existence consecutively back to ∆-2 amino acids. Past thus also is a lower scale of the 5th dimension and we all travel to the past in our local geometry in the moment of death but the Universe as a whole continues its motion so travel to the past is impossible beyond the absurd ego-centered trips of physicists:
In the graph some concepts of past – the past ‘expansive cone of entropy’ and its intersections with relative futures and present systems, the 3 ages of time with its return to the past in the final ‘fall’ of death, and the past as a lesser whole being with less social evolution in the 5th dimension.
Ø: ENERGY – REPRODUCTIVE WAVES ≈ e x i
PRESENT is THE DOMINANT ARROW IN WHICH the entropic past and the informative future, act as limits of existence, where existence does no longer happen for that specific local variation of the time-space arrows.
All the laws of conservation of physics (energy, momentum, etc.) are in fact expressions of the most general law of a constant reproductive Universe, where systems reproduce the same forms once and again, as even simple motion is reproduction.
Motion as reproduction of information along the path of a wave.
The Universe reproduces information and it tries to do a perfect replica, and this is the origin of the conservation of present energy, as all systems combine motion=entropy and dimensional form. Yet when the system has too much form and no motion as time never stops it reverses its ‘arrow of time’ and in a single quanta explodes and erases all information, in an entropic big-bang.
So finally all is a zero-sum: entropy=motion is used to reproduce information, and evolves till the dominant arrow of information – call it a galaxy vortex, a technological planet, an ageing human, a species evolving through horizons, warps all the fields of entropy into information. In physical space-time ‘time curves space into masses (Einstein)’: vortices of charges in lower scales, thermodynamic eddies and crystals in our scale and masses in the cosmological scales.
Thus the overwhelming purpose of the Universe is to maintain, conserve and repeat the ‘momentum’ that combines entropy-motion and vortex of information (charges and masses), of its beings, and its integral through time – or energy conserved in all systems of nature. Present reproductive energy is what the Fractal super organism of the Universe preserves.
For those skeptical readers, in simple terms, a mathematical fractal is defined by a generator equation, which ‘constantly iterates’, reproducing its form in different scales of reality. And this is exactly what nature does. And the fractal generator of 5D3 written above, to express the ternary topologies of all beings, through its 3 time ages, and co-existing 3 organic scales, is exactly that sought after centuries ‘formula which physicsts’ believe will conceptually resume all space-time events for all fractal beings.
Alas, there you have it a ‘simple fractal generator of 3 x 3 scales, topologies and ages of time’ define all systems of reality as parts or wholes of a super organism in a perfect, infinite, immortal ever balanced between entropy and information, to produce energy cycles, zero sum reality.
So take your pick: do you like what i just told you in a few pages – the 5D3 FORMALISM that describes REALITY AS IT IS in all its beauty and complexity, infinity and variety, including you.
So i state that the universe reproduces information; they say the Universe is about motion. Alas, I state then motion is just reproduction of ‘simpler information’ at faster speed.
Indeed, it is evident that all biological systems are about reproduction of genetic form in a lower scale of reality (cellular scale), which then reproduces and evolves, ’emerging’ into a higher scale. It is also evident that our historic civilisations are about reproduction of technological information in a lower ‘dimensional scale’ (blue prints for machines), which then ‘company-mothers’ reproduce.
So the big question left to answer is about physical systems, which are supposed to be about ‘motion’.
You might have heard an important insight of modern physics on the meaning of the limit of c-speed. Nothing can in this lolca part of the Universe – the galaxy – faster than light. There are many angles to study this important issue but now we are interested in the concept that this c-light speed is the limit of reproduction of information as the wave of light imprints vacuum space with its frequency and form.
Speeds of reproduction
It is then when we can unify conceptually all waves being aware that we can do different S=T dimensional analysis, giving us different speeds of reproduction ‘formulae’ according to the detail and number of ‘reproductive S=T’ parameters we use. And the focus on the ‘speed of the outer membrane’ (phase velocity) or ‘wave-speed proper’ and the speed of the inner singularity, which as it has more information will be slower (group velocity), such as:
wave velocity > (both bigger and shrinking-informative arrow) group-singularity – velocity.
This general law thus applies to all wave-present states and as usual can be applied no longer in topological terms to ‘herds-states’ of any scale; even if it seems in principle contradictory, that a smaller ‘group-singularity’ takes longer. But what matters is the quantity of information and ‘network’ position of the singularity-mind-still whole. I.e. in an army the commander tends to move behind the soldiers, as it is the static, informative and key element protected, by the same law, no longer topological in its easy deduction.
It is though the group wave that carries most of the information/form/frequency patterns of the system, as the singularity general does.
Since a pure sine wave cannot convey any information. So some change in amplitude or frequency, known as modulation, is required. By combining two sines with slightly different frequencies and wavelengths, then we start to build up that inner modulation of the group.
It is this modulation that represents the signal content. Since each amplitude envelope contains a group of internal waves, this speed is usually called the group velocity, Vg.
The general formula of the wave-velocity then becomes self-evident, in terms of reproduction of information, no longer v=s/t which gives no information as v= wavelength (S-quanta) x ƒ (frequency); which gives us the reproduced element (the S-quanta) and the temporal frequency of its reproduction.
And it is then when we can apply the ‘rashomon effect’ and its different views to express this lineal wave (S-view) as an angular wave (t-view):
v= w (angular frequency)/k (wave number).
Whereas the wave propagates faster when higher frequency oscillations are distributed less densely in space. So the fundamental concept behind the speed of waves – maximal information = minimal speed is conserved.
But the view we have now can be considered the polar view of the singularity which harmonically vibrates up and down to produce the wave, establishing the first synchronicity of all systems between the ‘singularity’ vibrating in the height dimension of information and its membrane rotating in a balanced steady state.
This expresses mathematically with derivatives, which always represent an ∆+1 condensation of information, hence the preferred method to extract a Tƒ parameter, so in general, the phase velocity is Vp = ω/k and the group velocity Vg = dω/dk.
But this kind of waves, are indeed, waves of reproduction over a lower medium of a minimal information; where we can ‘split’ the dimensions of the wave-information and the ‘medium’, so we only need a 2 Dimensional v= s x ð = s/t analysis.
It is of more interest, and closer to the essential reproductive motion – that of a light wave to consider the ‘motion of information’ in a fixed string, whereas we cannot ‘differentiate’ the string inner properties (mass, which plays here the role of the informative singularity; and tension, which is the force exerted on the extremes of the string and hence play the role of the ‘constrains’ of the wave-phase-membrane).
So the same conceptual equation of speed of reproduction is built now with the parameters of mass-information and tension-external membrane, which gives us the equation of all ‘waves’ within the intrinsic properties of the material. Therefore speed will have to be written with more dimensions – in fact as a bidimensional transformation which affects in an more extensive deeper sense the system:
v² = tension (outer parameter ≈membrane constrains)/ mass-density (inner parameter)
And so once we localise for each ‘substance’ the parameters of tension in space and density of information (wave-group, membrane-singularity, etc.) we get always the same equation. 3 canonical samples suffice:
The square speed of a transverse wave traveling along a vibrating string ( v ²) is directly proportional to the tension of the string ( T ) over the linear mass density ( μ ):
v²= T/ μ
where the linear density μ is the mass per unit length of the string.
Acoustic or sound waves travel at speed given by:
v²= B/ ρ
which are called the adiabatic bulk modulus divided by the ambient fluid density.
And so finally we return to the light wave:
c²= 4π k/µ
Which clarifies (as Maxwell first thought) the meaning of k (being ε, its inverse, used by physicists with little conceptual ‘why’ interest, completely misleading) – the tension/curvature of light space-time and its ‘denser’ electronic nebulae (charge constant) and µ, the informative, magnetic ‘density’ (the equivalent of mass in larger scales, of spin in lower ones) of light space-time.
All changes indeed in different ‘mediums’ and ‘planes’ to remain the same.
Tension then is obviously a ‘dual force’ exerted to ‘expand the space’ of a physical system, hence directly related to entropic motion (Galilean paradox), and magnetic constants appears then as the potential ‘density of information’ which can be written as patterns of form and order in light space-time. All this concepts will enrich our analysis of electromagnetism in the more specific posts on the theme.
Why then the speed of light does not change with those parameters, is also studied everywhere: motion is in wave state, particles are in relative stop to each other entangled through the quantum potential field and hence they do not move related to each other, so happens to our electronic eyes or metal eyes of measure. To account for that stopping in the quantum scale not perceived in our larger scale we do need to establish for translating stop into motion the Lorentz Transformations and the extraordinarily confuse jargon of modern relativity which hides a rather simple ‘galilean paradox’ of particle-stop vs. wave-motion/reproduction of information in space…
Energy and momentum. Distinction between ∆st åctions and physical actions.
We explained already in the general moment that the ternary ‘scaling’ happens both in time and space, and so we talk of 3 levels, of ‘integration:
∑∑3±i åctions= ∑3 time arrows/cycles: physiological functions = 3±i Worldcycle of life and death (time duration/existence; history in time)
∑∑cells/atoms/citizens = ∑3 matter states/networks/systems= 3±i time§paœrganism (planet, ecosystem; Humanity in space).
And we shall see therefore not only structure of space in 3 scales of ‘size-population’, but parallel structures in time with 3 ‘length of cycles’.
How this works mathematically and with the parameters of physics and the symmetries it creates?
It has to be noticed first that we do not talk of the same concept when we refer to åctions or ‘drives of existence’ in ∆st and actions in physics as the concept of an action in physics is closer to that of a world cycle (the full timespace process), while in ∆st, in which we need to use more general terms with application to all stiences we use more the concept of an ‘event in time-space’, a minimal quanta measurable, in which a supœrganism ‘acts in the external world’.
Hence the need for a clarification.
In physics we translate the 3 scales for the being as momentum, which is our quanta of åctions, its integral which is the energy of the system… and finally the integral of energy in time, which is our world cycle (and in physics an action – another reason to use different ‘as’, å for the momentum, and a for the world cycle – we shall then to avoid confusions call it in physical articles a physical action and a momentum-åction).
Worldcycles in physics as zero-sums: lagrangian actions.
In Lagrangian and Hamiltonian physics, action is an attribute of the dynamics of a physical system from which the equations of motion of the system can be derived. It is a mathematical functional which takes the trajectory, path or history, of the system with different values for different paths. Action has the dimensions of energy x time or momentum x length, and it IS perhaps the most important element in physics as it is the world cycle in ∆st and both have as value a zero sum, in a closed conservative world cycle.
Why? Because the NEXT scale of time as a ‘sum’ of energy instants does not grow further, as energy is a present ST-ate of the being. And the whole integration through the whole life-death cycle (energy x time: physical action) is a zero sum, with 3 standing points, which are the changes between ages of the being.
So once we have integrated the momentum actions into the whole ‘time’ content of in-form-ation as energy, we do NOT obtain more than a scalar or a zero sum when we integrate over time again energy as energy is ‘conserved’ in its ‘present state.
We integrate the 3±i ages of the being or event, taking into account that the whole world cycle will be a zero sum.
And this is the Lagrangian ‘world cycle≈physical action’:
This can be summarized by Hamilton’s principle:
∫δ L dt=0
The time integral of the Lagrangian is another quantity called the action, defined as:
S=∫ L d t
This is THE preferred expression of the laws of Newton, as IT does not have to deal with the concept of ‘force’, nebulous in classic physics.
The concept of force in ∆st.
But for us is more telling to understand fully a force as the interaction of what physicists call an Active magnitude – a vortex of accelerated time of any scale, and a potential – an ∆-1 field destroyed into entropy to provide motion to the ‘ever consuming accelerated time vortex’.
THUS A FORCE is a double ∆-tƒ parameter, f=m (accelerated vortex of mass) x a (acceleration).
Force is important and we shall explain it in the section on mechanics, but for the time being we shall say what is evident:
‘A force is an ∆+1: tƒ< ∆-1:$p-otential state, in which the vortex of accelerated time provokes the entropy of a potential and absorbs its expanding space to ad it to its total mass-energy supœrganism.’
THAT IS WHY FORCES ARE SO IMPORTANT IN PHYSICS BECAUSE THEY REPRESENT ONE OF THE 3 BASIC TIME ARROWS THAT FUEL THE FUTURE accelerated vortex (being the other two, the inverse of a force, where the mass devolves into the potential) and the stable present state.
Thus, instead of thinking about particles accelerating in response to applied forces, one might think of them picking out the path with a stationary action, with the end points of the path in configuration space held fixed at the initial and final times. Hamilton’s principle is the principle of least action – the idea of finding the shortest path a particle can follow subject to a force solved by Leibniz… and as usual after Leibniz by Newton the following year saying again as in calculus that he was thinking long ago in variational calculus, but did not publish. Oh, my friend how harsh is mankind on his true genius when they just do thought experiments as opposed to the ambitious mediocrities that have power and make weapons.
NOW, HERE IS THE CONUNDRUM: How the particle finds its minimal time path on advance? This only Feynman worked out and wondered with no final result, because it implies that the particle knows where it is going – the end constrain of its trajectory and moves, stops, gauges, moves, stops, gauge to find the least time consuming trajectory as we would do if WE PERCEIVE=GAUGE INFORMATION.
So all the maths of modern mechanics based in that principle, in Lagrangian and Hamiltonians confirm two facts basic to ∆st, which is NOT SHY, egocentered, as if only humans perceive, to explain the reasons: the world cycle (Lagrangians, actions) as a zero sum, and the sentient perceptive state of the particle, which stops to gauge and correct in ‘derivative’ steps, the REAL meaning of each of those derivatives of momentum.
Alas, derivatives, stop and go perception and the most important equations of mathematical physics are all related.
And so if we want to manipulate further energy equations for a ‘time duration’ of a world cycle or least time path, we enter into the analysis of Hamiltonians and Lagrangian formulations; which might be expressed:
A) Only as energy. THEN THEY ARE time independent (Hamiltonians of energy as in Schrodinger’s equation).
B) tend to zero sums in time or at least to the minimal time consumption as it does the whole world cycle for Lagrangian derivatives that return us to the momentum steps, which tends to minimise for each ‘action’ the consumption of the lifetime of the whole being (principle of least action).
So we have illuminated and encased within the ‘laws of ∆st’ the most important equations of physics.
And it is easy to see that wen dealing with frequencies we can do the same with fourier transform the other ‘monster equation’ predating all the physics of time/frequency waves (the other present state). There again the Fourier transform ‘ads faster, multiple quanta of frequency, information’ and makes a whole, the bigger wave, and the beauty of it is that we can ‘decompose’ the whole into parts and ‘rescue’ the time frequencies that are faster in beat and come together to emerge as a whole.
As this is very standard math, we shall as usual merely ‘quote’ equations or bring them when they are very simple, on line with the purpose of the second line, which IS THAT ANYONE WHO HAS UNDERSTOOD THE CONCEPTUAL elements without more than high school physics/maths can get it all.
What here matters of the fourier transform IS the fact that we have resolved a KEY ELEMENT OF ALL ∆-§calar analysis: HOW BY RESONANCES AND MIXING AND SUPERPOSITION AND HERDING, A NEW WHOLE EMERGES FROM A SERIES OF ‘SYNCHRONIZED’ SMALLER PARTS.
And we shall return to it ‘a lot’ as this is indeed a key question in all sciences – the reasons and processes of emergence of whole new scales and parameters.
So here we have to ways of emerge, in time, through the merging of faster beat/frequencies and the whole science of synchronicity behind it that applies in all sciences: i.e. a moon cycle of the larger whole is synchronous to the woman’s menses. And we have studied how in space-time åctions integrate into momentum, which integrate into worldcycles.
CONSERVATION LAWS OF REPRODUCTIVE PRESENTS.
THE 3 CONSERVATION LAWS CORRESPOND TO THE 3 PARTS OF THE BEING.
Tƒ-conservation. Another view on those Universal constants is as parameters of the 3 sub-elements of the four elements of all systems, which also means each of those parameters will act according to the inversion laws and symmetries of the fractal generator in different roles.
I.e. c-speed is the speed of reproduction of information within the galaxy, but it is the ‘circular membrane’ or time clock of black holes and dark, quark matter; and it is also the body-wave of the hc planckton super organisms of light and its is the basic bit of information of electronic mechanical or life minds.
The multiple, ternary and quaternary (when including •mind-linguistic still-galileo-relativity paradoxes) method thus must reorder and give multiple meaning through the ‘rashomon effect’ to each variable and parameter, constant or ratio of physics, in its multiple roles.
Still each parameter will be dominant in one of its functions. And those are to measure ‘frequencies in time or populations in space – frequencies with a memorial longer duration; and we shall call those time parameters, which are mostly frequency, related, inverse to lineal time duration, t=1/ƒ; while there will be ‘quanta of energy-present space-time’ also acting as ratios and constants of each scale, and those are the h, k, c universal constants; which will also act as’ fixed’ units of ‘dead-memorial space’, when moving to a past state, as micro-points of larger scales.
So c-speed becomes also the ‘quanta-step’ of the dark world, the ultimate substrata over which it builds new forms.
$pe-conservation: It comes thus with the constancy of c-speed the inverse lineal momentum or Sp-conservation law.
However in ∆ST we need to transcend even those names of specific scales for the larger, purest topological description of the 3 elements of reality.
ST-conservation: Finally the third fundamental conservation law is that of the open ball energy component of the system (as seen in space) or world cycle zero sum (as seen in time).
We can though resume further those conservation laws in the simplest, most important of all equations of stience, recorded in my mind-point for decades
ALL THIS said the importance of ST-waves is multiple, and we shall here consider only two elements in certain depth, the laws of conservation of physics, which they explain with the Noether theorem, a mathematical abstraction that merely states that ‘each symmetry of nature means a conservation law’, and then gets into equations without any physicist able to explain you much of that cryptic sentence. We shall be more straightforward:
the Universe is a fractal that reproduces and hence conserves dynamically information, form in motion, momentum and its sum over a cyclical stretch of time, the integral of momentum called energy, which is never spent when the ‘time motion’ is a conservative closed cycle.
In other word the conservation principle tell us 2 fundamental things About nature:
- THAT MOTION IS CONSERVED as it is the substance of nature.
- And form is also conserved when the cyclical motion closes into itself in an energy ‘conservative cycle’ that moves but does not do work.
This simple logical, seemingly contradiction – that you can move and do work, but not spend ‘energy’ if you just go up and down a mountain or move a ton around the Earth back to the same point IS JUST TELLING US, the UNIVERSE CONSERVES TIME CYCLES, THE FORMAL, REPETITIVE MOTIONS that are the ultimate substance of Nature.
That is the core of all conservation laws: the conservation of reproduced information that seems to be the same, making a dynamic present to repeat its same formal motions and species. Conservation thus means reproductive motions. Point. Of course then if you are just doing esoteric interpretation of reality you can consider the Noether theory and connect ‘time cycles and energy conservation’ in more esoteric terms than those explained, and lineal momenta (a bit of a whole world cycle of energy-time) and conservation of space, made of open strings, lineal momenta, lineal inertia and any other way you want to ‘express’ in the kaleidoscope of languages and jargons something very simple: the universe conserves present reproduction of cyclical time motions in all its scales.
3 conservation laws: Energy ≈ 5th dimension; lineal momentum: open space; angular momentum: closed time.
PHYSICS, when trying to find the laws of conservation of the Universe found 2 laws, the law of conservation of angular momentum, which is a cyclical motion, self-centered into a point; and of lineal inertial motions – both minimal quanta of action of ‘motion and form’ (more form in angular momentum, more motion in lineal inertia). And its integrals in a closed cycle of energy.
The conservation of momentum is associated in quantum mechanics with the proposition that it makes no difference where you do the experiment, the results will always be the same. As independence in space has to do with the conservation of momentum, independence of time has to do with the conservation of energy.
And so we must deduce that there is NOT absolute space, as the location in space is completely independent on the result of an experiment. So all space is self-contained to the event of space-time and region affected by the experiment.
Then there is the conservation of time. If we turn our ‘experimental apparatus’ in a ‘time-like cycle’, this too makes no difference, and so the invariance of the world to angular orientation is related to the conservation of angular momentum; which means all worldcycles of time have a total zero-value, as they close into themselves in the same point.
So we found that the Universe conserves cyclical motions of time and lineal motions of space.
Then there is the conservation of Energy, which is roughly speaking the ‘integral sum of lineal and cyclical momentums’.
In quantum mechanics it turns out that the conservation of energy is very closely related to another important property of the world, things do not depend on the absolute time.
We can set up an experiment at a given moment and try it out, and then do the same experiment at a later moment, and it will behave in exactly the same way. From this we can deduce the principle of conservation of energy. It is a rather subtle and interesting thing, which can only have an explanation:
Absolute Time, duration, which integrates a series of lineal and cyclical motions, adding them to the extent of creating a new scale of the fifth dimension, IS FRACTAL. It does not exist as a continuous lineal infinite time in a single continuous space plane.
As such absolute time does not affect any event happening in time, which therefore is a self-contained process, a cycle related to the internal time of the event.
A Time cycle is therefore a closed, fractal cyclical proposition.
But we can add, integrate time cycles and that creates the illusion of absolute duration; and we can integrate space surfaces and that creates the illusion of absolute extension.
This is what Leibniz called relational space and relational time.
Leibniz would have said that ‘all substances are made of cyclical motions with different speeds = different clocks of time.’ And different vital spaces, fractal parts. And all together create the illusion of absolute space and absolute time.
But we can ad a third element, the ‘Integral of spaces and times’, which give us the concept of Energy, similar to that of a 5th dimension integral. So on the regions of reality where we can conserve Energy, we are observing a process of scalar, social growth of elements of the 5th dimension. And this gives us the fundamental equations for each scale of physical systems, which are the equations of energy for each of those scales:
E∆-1=hƒ for the quantum ∆-1 scale, Eo= RT for the scale of thermodynamics, and E∆1=1/2 mv2 with the limit E=mc2 for the gravitational scale.
Whereas as we can observe, a given Plane of the 5th dimension conserves a ‘constant of bidimensional space’ (h, k, m) and a different speed of time cycles, (ƒ, T, v).
We can study then the interaction of those 3 elements, how they transform into each other through the ‘frontiers’ between those 3 scales, and what it means the different combinations of those formula, specifically the one that defines each constant:
H = E x T, R (or n k) = E / T and m = E/c2
In this form they represent the constant of action of energy and Time of each of the 3 scales akin to the co-invariant law of the 5th dimension. It simply means that in each scale of the 5th dimension there is a certain constant ‘rod of measure of space and time that varies (never mind here that we, humans use for certain measures of time, the frequency, and for others the period: T=1/ƒ).
The enormous field open by the study of the 3 scales of the Universe, its constants of space-time, its time frequency clocks and its 5 Dimensional growth in social scales of energy, is a huge field, which we cannot ‘attack’ in this post further.
Clarifications on conservation quantities, states and magnitudes.
The previous example shows the problems of translating all those terminologies to T.Œ are due to the use of very different jargons and parameters for each scale. We have introduced the simplest translations of the ∆-1 into the ∆+1 scales in the previous post (Unification equation of charges and masses). Yet it will be easier to use in this introductory level the common jargons of those sciences, merely identifying the previous space, time 5D symmetries and its constant of actions and 5 space-time cycles for each species of each scale.
Needless to say within the previous isomorphisms, we can fit all the disciplines of physical sciences; whose exhaustive analysis of all the actions, species, space-time symmetries (equations) and events in time, between the n-1 scale (quantum physics, electrodynamics, magnetism) and the n-scale (thermodynamics, state physics, electricity) makes physics & chemistry, when NOT trying to make metaphysics (cosmological, eschatological and philosophical statements), the most thoroughly investigated science today.
We will follow the isomorphic method, studying those 2 scales not with the usual procedure of physical and chemical sciences, which define the events of those actions and its structure in space and time with mathematical equations, but with the procedure of T.Œ, considering the 1) 5D scales, 2) space and 3) time symmetries first, its elements and finally its 4) actions, introducing within that scheme the definitions of the parameters, constants, magnitudes, dimensions and equations of mathematical physics.
Now, unlike more evident ‘scales’ in which form dominates motion (Evolution) or thought (memes) dominates from and motion (sociology), closer to the human experience, the world of physical systems, is the most remote to that experience, and its language (mathematics) the less known to humans, which move on the natural languages of human thought (visual art, verbal time, emotional bondages), and understand as animals, the survival, topological forms of life. For that reason we would need a basic introduction to the interplay of this wider reality expressed in abstract terminologies that seem so remote from the bio-sociological experience.
They are not. As all beings are knots of space-time cyclical actions, whose purpose is survival. The program of the Universe is hidden on physical systems by the remoteness of its scales, the abstraction of its description and the immensity of its elements. So we shall do an introduction to the interplay and co-existence of the 3 scales of reality, the electromagnetic scale, the thermodynamic and the gravitational scale. We exclude though the limits beyond those scales, the quarks inside the atoms and the galaxy beyond the planet, because they do not truly interact in this world of human existence.
The 5th dimension has barriers between planes of existence, where energy and information don’t cross, due to entropy and asymmetry (chirality); and essentially our world is one of light, electrons, atoms, molecules and matter states.
The similarities between the internal ‘strong forces’ of the atom and the internal gravitational forces of the galaxy, the external electromagnetic forces of the atom, and the external dark energy of the cosmos are studied also with physical laws, but will not be included here.
A question also of difficult analysis is the 3 units of action, of those 3 scales, the angular momentum of h-Planck actions, the vibrational temperature of thermodynamics, and the variable g-forces of gravitation. Those constant of actions seem truly different in its form and equations but the concept of integrative ‘energy’, will allow us to explain how energy and information transfers among those planes.
Finally the order of exposition will be a diachronic analysis, which works better, as the human mind seems to be structure in this manner. So I have abandoned my personal files, which are always written with an analogical, metaphoric method jumping synchronically between all systems of all scales, in spatial order.
Thus we shall analyze in the order in which humans discovered those scales, starting from the science of Mechanics, or higher gravitational scale (XVII and XVIII c.) then the science of Thermodynamics, or human scale (XVIII-XIX c.) and finally the science of electromagnetism and its minimal units (quantum scale).
We will in each scale introduce the spatial and temporal order of the 3 time-space elements of the generator equation (Se<ST>Tƒ), intersecting laws and cases of classic physics, but given the difficulty to understand directly those elements (unlike in biological and sociological forms), introduce a somewhat intermediate exposition but directly ‘downloading’ and interpreting the known-known laws of those systems. Hence the sub-posts entitled ‘mechanics’, ‘Newtonian laws, ‘Maxwell equations’, ‘quantum numbers’, ‘Conservation Laws’ etc. In an ideal world in which T.Œ is the Unification theory of all sciences, those terms would not be used, but at this stage we must translate those well-known laws to the elements of T.Œ.
Now all this SIMPLE REALITY is GREATLY complicated in physics by the multiple jargons, lack of TOE, denial of non quantitative properties and multiplicity of mathematical formalisms for all of those elements of T.Œ, for example, the concept of mass, which we simply as gravitational vortices, has the formalism of Higgs, particle with its negative masses, ad hoc additions, but essentially right; as it is a top quark (in the similar Technicolor more correct formulation) field of dark energy and faster than c-rotational speed, beyond the even horizon of the accelerated black hole vortices.
There is however an even more interesting formulation that general relativity, the Higgs field and Technicolor, which is the dick-brane theory of a variable G-constant, which can be used to define the different scalar vortices of the different planes of physical systems (charges, atomic molecules, gravitational light-space confined to galaxies and c-speed and outer dark energy cosmological structures).
Time permitted we shall then choose a formalism that better adapts to 5D planes for all its physical scales in the 4th line. Here we just mention the extraordinary difficulties to fully integrate all those different jargons, and the different formalisms within each scalar jargon and the astounding number of details studied by physicists.
So now let us continue with this post, an the minimal clarifications, on physical concepts, magnitudes and constants to be able to carry a meaningful analysis of the 3 spatial, temporal, 5 D symmetries and Œ-points of those fundamental 3+1 scales, which affect life on this planet (the rest being cosmological analysis in the previous posts).
Now those are the ‘practical’ constants to develop physics as it is; no homogenized by T.Œ formalism. So we must do a few important clarifications. Any system can be well defined, considering its 5D planes and its space and time symmetries and space-time actions, which range from the minimal unit of its simpler ∆a actions, to the larger, longer ∆u social actions.
Yet the lack of a proper definition of:
- Tƒ: Cyclical time in physics (measured sometimes with frequency – light scale; with lineal time; mechanic scale; with temperature, molecular scale; and so on)…
- Sp: Vital space, measured sometimes with: wavelength – light scale; with flux current, electric scale; with entropy, molecular scale; with length, mechanic scale.
- ST: Present, body-wave, measured sometimes with Energy, sometimes with Momentum, sometimes with Intensity, and so on..
Requires a one-to-one analysis of each scale and species.
Further on the Human scale or thermodynamic scale is the one according to epistemology, with less uncertainty of data. It means in practical terms that we do have a ternary fractal subdivision in great detail of our scale in 3 sub-scales:
- The electric scale with the electron and its social, ∑e=I, currents of electricity, ruled by photonic bondage.
- The atomic scale with the atom and its social ∑a=molecular structures, ruled by electronic bondage
- The Matter scale with its molecules and its temporal states, ruled by temperature gradients.
So we are in fact talking of 2+1 (x3) relative scales, to study in great detail. So many elements, so many ill-defined concepts, and yet surprisingly enough, so well-done ‘how-mathematical descriptions’ of its ∆a, motion actions…
All in all the main equations of the 3 scales, define its energy, its constant of action and its acceleration. What those terms mean? And how they transfer into those 3 scales?
Let us consider it from a different perspective. There are 3 magnitudes to define all mechanical actions:
Tƒ: ‘mass’, the active magnitude, similar to charge, the active magnitude of the ∆ scale, similar to h, the active magnitude of the n-1 scale.
Se: Time, defined by frequency in ∆-1, by the electromagnetic field in n and by the acceleration in the ∆+1
And ST, defined by Energy in n-1 and by force in n and ∆+1.
And it is this ST factor what transfers between scales.