**SUMMARY:**

**Matter in time: State physics**

**Abstract.**

State Physics…** **studies the 3 ‘Ages of matter systems’, between its i-1 plasmatic birth and E=Mc2, death.

*The 3 temporal dimensions or ‘states’ of matter, Spe-gaseous, energetic states, ST, liquid balanced states and Tƒ informative solid states, form together the 3rd isomorphism of molecular matter in its ∆+1 social scale.*

[Max. Sp x Min. Tƒ > Sp≈Tƒ > Max. Tƒ x Min. Sp]∆±1

We will study in this post the laws of ‘STe, past energetic gas’, STr, balanced, present liquids and STo, future informative solids and its ’empirical cases’. The i-1 plasma age of conception belongs to quantum i-2 planes, as it does the i<∑i-1 big-bang age of death.

*7th Isomorphism: Its ages and evolution*

**The 3 ages of matter**

In the graph, the STentropy gas, Streproductive liquid and STo solid ages of matter and the dynamic:

* STe<=>Liquid<=>Solid<=>Gas <=>i- Plasma*

possible transformations between ages, which follow the multiplicity of time arrows happening in systems of minimal network organisation, that anchors a system made of multiple states into a steady state, and makes impossible fast transformations between time ages. Matter however allows *all possible changes between ages with preference for the natural flow of a time ages cycle: gas>liquid>Solid. And this preference is observed in the ‘minimal energy spent in those 2 fundamental time transformations of state.*

**State Physics can be** further subdivided into a combined ‘scalar-temporal’ analysis:

-i: Plasma physics

STe-nergy: Gaseous states

STr-eproductive, balanced age: Liquid states

STo-informative age: Solid states

+i: Boson Physics.

The properties of state physics thus derive from the general properties of the 3±i dimensional ages of time.

**The 3 States of Earth’s physical systems: Sp (past-entropy fields/gas)≤ST (present reproductive wave/liquid)≥Tƒ(future particle-crystal)**

Now the previous Generator Equation resumes all the physical elements that interact in this planet both in space and time (hence the duality of ≤≥ arrows between space and time elements, to define both symmetries) across the 3 planes of existence of the Solar system.

Thus we can analyze all physical systems with the (anti)symmetries of 5D space-time; considering analysis of each of those planes as detailed as we want according to the ‘fractal principle’ that divides each plane into 3 x 3 +0 scales, and each space-time part, into 3 sub-ages, and 3 sub-organs.

For example your life has 3 periods of 24 years (young, adult and od informative age), subdivided each in 3 sub-ages (baby: 0-8, child when in classic education you enter the age of reason, 8-16, when you enter the age of sex as a young, 16-24), and each part can be divided into 2 0r 3 sub-parts, (depending or not of the existence of a reproductive body-wave), for example, the limb can be divided into feet, femur and tibia, the head into brain of information and face of energy; and so on. Physical systems are not exception, but due to our lack of direct perception (we do NOT see many of those elements and scales, so we have used an excess of mathematical properties to describe them0, we need to interpret all magnitudes and equation in ‘real terms’.

Still in the 4^{th} line we will often subdivide each fractal species of space-time into 3 time ages and 3 space organs and each equation into its components relating them to T.œ parameter and universal constants.. And vice versa, we can further integrate them into more comprehensive wholes, as we did in the previous post analyzing the largest physical systems (cosmos, galaxies and stars). Let us do this first to give an overview of the Universe and its scales of space-energy and temporal particles of cyclical information.

Thus according to the ternary method we can analyze in more detail those isomorphisms, in each 5D space-time scale to define its main physical systems:

5D scales:

∆-1(atomic/electromagnetic scale)> ∆:Earth/thermodynamic scale> ∆+1: gravitational/Galactic scale.

Which will in each of its parts follow the space and time symmetries of any system of Nature:

Sp(Spatial toroid fields)≤ ST (Hyperbolic waves)≤ Tƒ(particles of information)≈

Sp (young, past entropic age/field>ST: adult, present, iterative wave age > Tƒ: old informative, future particle age.

In the description of Œ∆-3 , atoms, those symmetries are:

Scalar Asymmetry:

∆-1: h-quanta: ‘Planckton'<∆: Atoms<∆+1: Molecules

Spatial symmetry:

∆-4: Light: Field: Sp: Halo ST: Wave ≤ Tƒ: Photon

∆-3: Atom: Sp: Electron ≤ ST: Radiation zone ≤ Tƒ: Nuclei

∆-2: Molecule: Sp: External atoms< ST: Electro-Magnetic Bondage ≤ Tƒ: Crystal Center

Time Ages:

∆-4: Sp: Vacuum space ≥ ST: electromagnetic wave ≥ Tƒ: Particle

∆-3: Sp: Plasma≥ ST: Atom ≥Tƒ: Elements Table

∆-2: Sp: Gas ≥ ST: Liquid≥Tƒ: Solid-crystal

In the graph, the worldcycle of matter. We an see how the ∆±1 birth and death phase (plasma made of dissociated ions, is the same and closes the cycle.

Thus all together we can write the following Generator combining the a(nti)symmetries of the 3 scales with the formalism of ¬Æ to describe the ‘Human world’ of physical systems:

∑∆-1: [Sp-Fields≤≥ST-waves≤≥Tƒ-Particles]≈ Plasma: ∆: [Sp-Gas≤ST:Liquid≤≥Tƒ: Crystals]≈Matter: ∆+1: [Sp-Oort Belt≤≥ ST: Planets≤≥Tƒ: Star]

Now the previous Generator Equation resumes all the physical elements that interact in this planet both in space and time (hence the duality of ≤≥ arrows between space and time elements, to define both symmetries) across the 3 planes of existence of the Solar system.

The Universe of physical systems is exactly as any other 5D space-time system a game of two parameters with inverse dualities, spatial, res extensa, entropic bidimensional, decelerating, past systems of motions in space, and temporal cyclical, accelerated vortices in time, which come together into present, balanced reproductive waves of energy and information; co-existing in 3 scales, the quanta, electromagnetic field scales, the thermodynamic atomic scales and the cosmological, gravitational scales; which can themselves be analyzed in more detail through ‘ternary sub-systems’ and put in relationship to each other through the symmetries of planes of the 5^{th} dimension, asymmetries of the 3 topological varieties of organic form and its simultaneous organization and antisymmetries of time inverse arrows of life and death and the 3 ages in between.

In that sense while we will make concessions to the parlance of mathematical physics using terms whenever possible closer to the mathematical analysis of those organic events, and so sometimes in this post, much more often in the 3^{rd} and 4^{th} line will translate the confusing terminology of the Gothic age of mathematical physics, or the Aristotelian logic of the age of computer physics to a more amenable jargon, the true job of T.Œ in physics is to translate physics to the simpler rules of reality as all physical systems obey the Generator Equation of all General Systems of the Universe, which in the field of physical system is better expressed as:

[Sp (Lineal, Planar Entropic fields/gas state) <ST(wave-liquid)>Tƒ (Particle-Crystal] û≤| 4|

This is of the many similar variations of the Generator Equation using symbols of ¬Æ we can use, a good definition of what physical systems are.

They are systems in which the metric of the 5^{th} dimension, ∆=Sp x Tƒ = E x I= K, remain invariant.

That is the distance-energy or past field of spatial size of the system multiplied by the speed, quantity of its information-time clocks are constant, within the range of variations, which allows systems to perform actions of energy and information, in present physical system within a certain range for EACH of the planes of existence of physical systems. Let us then consider the main elements of that Generator equation of physical systems starting as usually in an inverse fashion to the mathematical analysis of physics – that is from the synthetic, organic whole and its larger points of view.

As we have studied vortices above, when considering the unification of charges and masses, let us now bring the wave description and its duality.

The 3 ages of evolution of matter are the energetic, gas age, the liquid, balanced Sp≈Tƒ and the solid Max. Tƒ state.

Rock, water and gas cycles are accordingly its 3 ages in motion: