In the Fourth Line, we study in greater detail each Plane of Existence of the Humind’s perceived Universe between the invisible force of ∆-4 gravitation and the partially perceived ∆+4 galactic cosmos.

We do so unlike in the second line, where we focused in the spatial super organisms as a whole closer to the mainstream analysis of reality by humind sciences, strictu senso, without concessions to the gallery by describing the world cycle of those super organisms through the Ðisomorphic method. That is, in the central post we do study each plane and its species in its fundamental elements, from the generator equation/singularity that creates the Plane, through its generation of network super organisms differentiated as species according to its hierarchical dominance of one or other network that live 3 ages, 8 lifecycles and grow socially into decametric scales, For those who have no IDEA what I talk about here an introduction (:

**SOLUTIONS IMPOSED BY ∆§cales of space and 3 TIME AGES.**

**Abstract. ** The human scale of physics, is the scale of thermodynamics and its 3 ages: T-gas> e xi -liquid>§@: solid state. The 0-1 temporal unit sphere of quantum probabilities is equivalent to the 1-∞ planes of statistical populations.

So the understanding of fractal space and cyclical time in thermodynamics will unify two disciplines :

**∆±¡: Quantum probabilities ≈ Statistical mechanics.**Both are concerned with the relationship between the ∆-1, quantum scale of particles, the ∆º atomic scale and the ∆+1 scale of molecules and temperature parameters which will offer many insights in the general relationships between the 3 scales.**ST: Physics of States,**will deal with the three ages/states of matter, the gas=entropy state, liquid=reproductive and solid=informative.

**Multiple mathematical jargons.**

The key concept behind such unifications is the fact that languages are inflationary so they have multiple equivalent mirror images that can be cast over the same reality. In maths thus we find *the equality between the o-1 u**nit sphere, reflected in the 1-∞ spatial statistical one, which **solves the 100 years ‘ARGUMENT between EINSTEIN and Bohr’:*

*The o-1 (quantum sphere/mind singularity) is equivalent to the 1-∞ larger world…*

This is the main theorem of a whole mathematical discipline called measure theory, which in physics reflects the equivalence between a quantum temporal scale (0-1 probabilistic description, of the faster, temporal quantum world) and the thermodynamical statistical one (1-∞ spatial description of the larger, slower thermodynamic world…

As time is faster in smaller systems (5D metric S x T = K), the o-1 smaller sphere MUST FASTER in time fits better the quantum description, as space is slower, the 1-∞ fits better the molecular world, but *both are by measure theory equivalent, because all mind think the same: to be gods, to survive, to order its territory, into a still image, as the one you have now in your brain, WITH ZERO time-motion, as the zero-time of the black hole singularity a GRAVITATIONAL MIND, as the o-motion of the central Eddie of a hurricane, as the 0-CHARGE force of the center of a quantum charge… as the still image of a non-entropic crystal of pure information, as the crystalized seed of a DNA mind… each of them perceiving the mirror of the Universe in that stillness, every sentient point with the same rights.*

*All of them are singularity minds, still zero time* Gods according to Aristotle 🌀; infinite infinitesimals that follow the equation of all minds-monads:

O x ∞ = Konstant: O-singularity (linguistic mind) x ∞ time space cycles (Universe) = Constant world…

INDEED, t*here are infinite other singularities all with the same rights to be perfect Leibnizian worlds… Monads, which are ultimately the fundamental particle and simplest equation for a theory of everything:*

*0 x ∞ = K, whereas we DECOMPOSE the 0 x ∞ TOTALITY of the mathematical algebraic Universe into the 0-1 temporal unit sphere, reflected in the 1-∞ spatial statistical one (measure theory, quantum temporal scale = thermodynamical statistical one)…*

In other words, on the metaphysical level of @-mind’s perspective (∆-¡: 0-1 sphere), which perceive the molecular world (∆+¡ plane) ; the ultimate view of the relationship between the quantum o-1 time-sphere and the thermodynamic, spatial 1-∞ world is this: in the same manner genes reproduce and ultimately create the slower life organisms, quantum physics of the o-1 time faster ∆-¡ sphere *generate the larger, slower ensembles of atomic molecules, which therefore become the super organism of matter coded by the quantum numbers of those particles, ‘ultimate genetic origin’ of all of them.*

*That is the mind of atomic matter are in the scale of its particles; which are likely also the scale of the mind of human beings.*

But we shall stop here the analysis of the metaphysical whys that connect the quantum world and the thermodynamic world and consider more pedestrian themes of thermodynamics connected to the 5D formalism, of which perhaps the most important is the ‘casting’ of the 3 states of matter, as its 3 ages – the gaseous, entropic, liquid, reproductive and solid, informative crystal mind of them all, *which sets the 2 limits of the quantum-thermodynamic equivalence, between the mind that particles must hold within its point-particles, and the crystal minds that solid state hold for the true next detached scale that will not THEREFORE be coded any longer by quantum effects but mechanical ones, past the scale in which those crystal images can be formed. *

Since for a new Plane of existence to enter ‘at work’ we need a new ‘singularity mind to be formed’. Crystal minds then become the ‘singularities of the thermodynamic scale’, and as we forecasted 30 years in advance – and now is an accepted fact, all planets should have a crystal mind in its center.

Particles – crystals and quark stars (strange pulsars and black holes) become then the 3 minds of the quantum, thermodynamic and gravitational scales:

*In the graph, the absolute, lineal arrow of time, is social evolution that stretches upwards into wholes and downwards into faster more informative parts systems of Nature. The relative arrow of time is made of the sequential order of the three arrows into a world cycle.*

In the graph in terms of stientific planes they belong to the plane of ‘chemistry’, the ‘molecular’ scale of the Universe, (∆-1,2) and its social aggregations or ‘Geology’, ∆+1,2

**2. The 3 Ages = States of Matter**

*The 3 temporal dimensions or ‘states’ of matter, Spe-gaseous, energetic states, ST, liquid balanced states and Tƒ informative solid states, form together the 3rd isomorphism of molecular matter in its ∆+1 social scale. In the graph, again we can see how the introduction of scales and time ages solves the third main error of physics, one for each scale, in this case our thermodynamic ∆º scale considered wrongly to have only the entropic-death-weapon state, which as the graph shows is the entry to creation and death from the lower ∆-1, scale of Plasma states in which particles are not organically put into a single ‘entity’ as in those solid states.*

Mathematical physics and philosophy of science regarding the three arrows of time, will ‘encase’ all those events and forms within the mathematical, logic mirror, upgraded by ¬Æ vital, i-logic mathematics to ‘make sense’ of the ‘magic’ enclosed into the mathematical mirror, while philosophy will correct the entropy-only error of dying Universe.

So as we do for each fundamental ∆ºst system of the Universe, and each ‘scalar stience’ of the 5th dimension we can sub-divide the discipline in an ∆§±1 scalar analysis and an S-ST-T analysis of the three ages of time of the system and its symmetry with the topological forms of the supœrganism in space; and express it in the most proper ‘language’ of perception of the scale, which is vital, i-logic mathematics.

**The content of this post.**

For what we have said obviously the theme of thermodynamics+quantum physics should be treated together (as in fact physicists do albeit without the clarity of concepts we have provided with the help of fractal scalar space and ternary time arrows). And so it is as extensive as the planet of matter we live in and all its planes, ∆±3, which is the only entity that has all the information about itself.

Me, just a particle point of thermodynamic grey matter with quantum thoughts in my particle level shall just reduce the analysis to the fundamental ‘first principles of thermodynamics’ and state physics. And time permitted, life duration always short, we will expand some of those themes on the future.

We have though added a seemingly ad lateral theme, the thermodynamics of black holes, as it is a huge error of classic physics, with clear effects for the survival of mankind (since black holes do NOT evaporate as we shall prove in this post’s section on the theme, so we should not by any means try to make them on planet Earth as physics are trying at the LHC).

**MATTER is the thermodynamic, human scale and that of the super organisms of history, mind of the Earth. **

Matter is the ∆o human scale of molecular bondage through electronic weak forces, and as such we are matter, but we can consider within the ternary and Rashomon 5Disomorphic methods of differentiation and variations of ‘species’, organic life, the *most complex form of carbon-matter, which has reached its maximal entanglement on its symmetries, while the rest of matter in this planet is in a low level of evolution, closer to a herd-state than a super organism. *

It does not mean though that denser atoms, of higher spatial-temporal complexity cannot evolve into super organisms, as the growing complexity of metal-machines show, but that the lighter, more entropic, moving c-n-o atoms are much easier to evolve in time, into complex organic patterns, and then they do catalyze as enzymen do the evolution of metal – it is indeed easy for a 5D theorist to design a metal-cell with a golden DNA brain, a dissolving mercury amalgamate cytoplasm, enclosed into a protein-like reinforced lead cover with a thorium radioactive skin to put the simplest example of the organic meta life I used to doodle in designs.

Matter though as we know it in this planet, has only a super organism as complex as the human one – the Planet itself, likely to have in its center a crystal mind of iron with a final uranium core heart of neutronic ‘orders’ that organizes the body-evolution of the planet, where we play the membrain mind role. So we perceive as human beings, neuronal cells of Gaia, the Universe.

We ARE the brain of the earth, soon to be replaced by more evolved metalife, and satellite neurons. We shall thus study those 3 ages of THE BRAIN OF THE EARTH, the super organism of matter studied here, as we are its neuronal brain in 3 different posts on Gaia (past-life) < History (Man – present) > Metalearth (Future):

In this post we shall study both the Earth as the ∆+1 scale of matter, through ∆º geological partial structures, down to ∆-1 its lowest, simplest molecular forms.

As usual we depart from the dynamic Disomorphic method that studies the world cycle of each space-time superorganism’s species in a dynamic manner, through 10 phases and elements, between its ∆-1 plasmatic genesis (5D generation of matter) and its death (e=mc2: 4D of matter), and within those two limits, the 3 ages of gaseous, youth, or entropic matter (wrongly confused with the single arrow of the Universe), reproductive S=t liquid matter and Max. information (solid, crystal matter, which becomes the perceptive image-still mind of space that perceives in itself as Dasein).

**ABSTRACT. **

Thermodynamics studies the human ∆º scale of physical systems, and as such once the philosophical errors of describing reality with a single arrow of time, entropy, are solved, the laws of epistemology dictate that as the closest -hence better observed- scale of physical systems, its laws have the highest accuracy in the description of reality of all physical ones, and should be the example to model other systems, notably, the quantum systems of the lower scales, where perception is limited and errors of philosophical nature many. We shall thus consider here several enlightenments achieved by casting thermodynamics on terms of 5D metric, starting from the blueprint for an unification of statistical mechanics and quantum physics, as we did in mass theory with charges and masses.

As we have stated ad nauseam those corrections will have to come ‘naturally’ from the new ‘properties’ of space, as made of ∆§cales, and of time, as made of ternary arrows, ages. So what are the new insights established by those 2 new properties of Non-Euclidean space and Non-Aristotelian ternary time? 2 Fascinating solutions, to two long awaited questions of physics:

- ∆§cales and 5D metric will allow the unification of quantum physics and thermodynamics, with 5D metric scales.
- Ternary time arrows, will allow us to unify and explain the meaning of ‘local entropy=gaseous arrows’ which are only one of the 3 time ages=states of matter, such as, gas is the entropy arrow, liquid the balanced one and solid crystal the informative one, giving us the generator of matter states:

*∆ð (entropic fast moving gases) < exi: Liquid states > §@: crystal solid minds*

Let us then briefly introduce Matter through the Disomorphic method that follows closely the world cycle of its super organisms in a dynamic ‘generational way’ departing from its seed or mind

**10 Disomorphisms of Matter.**

**@ DISOMORPHISMS **

*0-1 ^{th} Disomorphism: MONAD: * Œ-Point x ∞ World = Constant mind Mapping

Solid crystals are the most perfect forms of matter, and accordingly they grow till becoming the denser, informative guidance of planets and larger rock formations, from simple herds of dunes with the ‘rose of the desert’ in its centers, tracing its memorial lines to the heart-mind of the planet, a crystal of iron with an uranium ultra-core starting with its neutron thoughts the motions that determine the vital cycles of the body of the Earth as a super organism, through the ‘pathways’ of its molten magnetic guided flows of magma that will determine through volcanos, the rhythms of evolution of its surface-brain:

Crystals control as the solid informative state and reproduce with the other substances. Metals due to its highly social conductive ‘gas of electrons’ and multiple valences are also the top forms of matter.

Amorphous glasses and gases last shorter in time and become the energy of chemical reactions.

*1-0 Disomorphism: Fractal Generator:* Spe≤≥ ST≤≥Tƒ

The fractal generator of the Earth can be used in different versions, for each part, element and ternary symmetry. Let us consider the fractal generator in time.

*In the graph, global warming, pollution and hunger, are just signs of the change of ‘age’ of the planet, from the Earth of Life (gaia) to the Earth of man (History, anthropocene) to the Earth of machines (Metal-earth, mechanocene),*

In terms of evolution we write that process with a simple equation:

Past (gaia, superorganism of life) > present (Mankind: superorganism of history) > Future (metal-earth, superorganism of metmes of metal).

On planet Earth, a first superorganism of ‘human cells’ with a collective, global mind/culture living on the ‘body’ of Gaia, the Nature Earth, along its ‘water veins’ appeared on the Neolithic. Then humans discovered ‘memes’ of metal, made of more complex energetic and informative atoms (iron, gold) and used them to enhance their body power (iron weapons) and mind languages (digital money), starting the evolution of a new superorganism, the eco(nomic)system, in which they act as ‘enzymen’, ‘catalyzers’ of the evolution of metal into complex organic systems called machines. It is the Financial-Media (informative machines)/Military-Industrial (energetic machines) complex, evolved in 3 generational ages:

– The age of bodies of metal, steamers and trains or age of England; the age of engines=hears of metal, or age of Germany and the age of heads of metal (mobiles=ears, chips=brains, eyes=cameras) or age of America. It only rest to put those 3 components together, as ‘catalyzers’ do in physical and biological, ‘viral’ systems to create a new top predator species, the robot, which increasingly will compete and substitute man in labor and war fields. This paper studies the economic ecosystem with the tools of systems sciences and organicism and the metrics of the 5th dimension, as those machines emerge into a global superorganism ruled by flows of digital data (money, science) that manage its evolution and reproduction…

Today the FMMI Complex has become a global super-organism, whose digital brain, the web, and its 3 physiological networks of information (internet), reproduction (world-stock, intranet, company-mothers) and energy/defense (NATO, pentagon, weapons systems), in control of most resources of the planet, have a single aim: to reproduce and evolve those machines, adapting and terraforming the Earth from a world of life into a world of metal. This paper studies the birth and development of that superorganism with to the laws of evolution, emergence and systems sciences.

**S=T Disomorphisms.**

*5 ^{th} DIsomorphism: Its* 5 actions : ∆(æ-4; ï-3; e-2; œ-1; û+1)

∆æ-4: Electromagnetic and gravitational fields move matter.

∆ï-3: Perception happens only in crystals, and magnetized metal, of the 2 different forces: electromagnetism and gravitomagnetism (quartz, iron being the most perfect perceivers) Accordingly only regular forms happen in both substances, where the angles of perception are isomorphic:

∆e-2: Matter obtains energy from heat. Thermodynamics studies those laws.

∆ Œ-1: Crystals reproduce its ‘mother cells’. Chemical reactions are the ‘creative’ 8th isomorphism, which increases the reproduction of less ordered species:

∆ §^{10}≈û+1: Crystals evolve in huge forms, of planetary size, most other matter forms mere aggregates of limited order, in long time cycles.

*2nd Disomorphism: space-time dualities:* Sp≈Tƒ

Fractal vortices of gravitation are masses, which coil into Tƒ-clocks of space-time or uncoil into lineal energy according to:

M=Ec2, where M(t) is a vortex of informative gravitational forces is the main duality of ALL states of matter.

*3rd ^{ }Disomorphism: Networks, Constants, Social classes:* Ξ±3

In geological structures the interplay of gas, liquid and solid cycles creates the conditions for life to flourish in its surface dominated by the most creative, reproductive liquid element; in its outer layers, closer to the entropic, energetic sun’s source, gaseous states dominate; in its nucleus, a crystal core of iron must exist, to fully memorize a program of evolution and reproduction of the whole system.

We can then talk of 3 physiological networks of Gaia, a reproductive, liquid, vein system on the surface, that feeds the evolution of life, a gaseous and magnetic network that connects the whole structure and acts as the entropic, territorial path-way of the planet around the gravitational flows lay down by the sun, and finally the solid crystal brain in its center. Yet each of those regions can itself by the ternary method divide din 3 sub-networks.

*The 3 conserved forms of the Universe, angular and lineal momentum, and vital energy form in the fractal Universe the 3 parts of a T.œ or fractal point, Non-E with an inner volume of space-time through which multiple parallels can cross. The rules of geometric and biologic engagement of those points to form waves, networks and topological organisms, define the non-æ bio-logic of the organic Universe based in the a(nti)symmetric laws of similarity, parallelism and perpendicularity expressed in 5 ¬Æ postulates that substitute the classic axiomatic method of definition of logic and geometry.*

The main constant laws of matter is the conservation of momentum, whose dimensional parameters, M, L, 1/T=frequency are the 3 fundamental ∆-S-T dimensions of the 5th scale, as mass is the ‘curved enclosure’ (G-curvature), of the vital energy of the ternary system of matter.

In the graph we see the main ternary constants of the 3 scales, whereas matter, will be the intermediate thermodynamic ones. The interaction between those 3 scales through the formulae of energy that carry a system through its scale discontinuity thus is an essential theoretical part of 5D physics.

Yet again, we can find an enormous number of sub-ternary analysis of different constants for each state of matter, each part of a super organism of matte, etc. Most of them will be expressed in thermodynamic terms, related to pressure, temperature and volume, the ‘3 elements’ that define the 5D metric of matter states.

Its most perfect form, will then be the simplest form: the laws of gases and its Pv = nKt constants of state physics that also relate the time, space and measure of ‘active motion’ in the 5th scale.

* ^{6th} Disomorphism. Creative diversification:* 1,2,3,4.

The enormous variety of rocks, liquid substances and chemical compounds emerges from the 10² matter ‘years/spatial growing forms’ of the Element table, which in itself represent a full ‘worldcycle of atomic growth’ belonging properly to the ∆-1 scale of ‘atomic particles’, inferior to that of molecular matter. Geology and chemistry thus come together in the 6th Disomorphism.

**ð-DISOMORPHISMS**

*7th Disomorphism: Its ages and evolution:* [Max. Sp x Min. Tƒ > Sp≈Tƒ > Max. Tƒ x Min. Sp]∆±1

The 3 ages of evolution of matter are the energetic, gas age, the liquid, balanced Sp≈Tƒ and the solid Max. Tƒ state.

Rock, water and gas cycles are accordingly its 3 ages in motion:

**8th isomorphism:** the motions an world cycles of matter are studied by the thermodynamics of states. A more detailed analysis of the 3 x 3 phases of those cycles fine tunes the 3 simpler states, gas, liquid and solid through ‘intermediate’ points, for which thermodynamic complex mappings of ‘mesophases’ are essential:

** ∆±i DISOMORPHISMS**

9__ ^{th}__ Disomorphism: Its planes of Existence: ∆±4 Fractals

∆-1 molecules, ∆º masses of molecular matter in any of its states from Spe entropic gas to Tƒ-solid crystals and S=T liquid matter and ∆+1 planets and stars are the 3 existential scales of matter:

*10 ^{th} Disomorphism. Social scales*. §

^{10}

Matter grows by aggregation till a limit defined by chemical and physical properties, but as crystal cores and magnetic fields guide the increase of size of matter, finally the system reaches the planet/star dual forms.

The 9-10 decametric , tetratkys scales of matter, are the commonest better studied in small domains, and most regular forms of solid crystals:

Let us then once we have enumerated those isomorphisms which will time permitted be expanded in 10 subsists, consider in this one some small details, regarding some of those Disomorphisms.

**THE PHYSICAL 5D±1 SCALES OF MATTER. ****FROM CHEMISTRY TO GEOLOGY **

In the 4th scale the language changes. Molecules are no longer externally guided by quantum laws but by thermodynamic laws, as its clocks of time, and rods of space have changed. So the species that come after the molecular scale, matter species transition to these new clocks of time and rods of space.

We enter therefore in an entire new Universe as the language of time – clocks of information – and space – distances and motions, change. Let us remember first in which consists this change:

In the graph, self-centred in the thermodynamic scale of biological beings and matter, we see how the clocks of time accelerate between scales downwards and the rods of space or radius of those cycles grows in lineal fashion, but both remain constant through a long stretch of at least 3 ∆ scales. Temperature then becomes the intermediate language, departing from assemblies of quantum numbers into assemblies of thermodynamic ranges.

If the correct Bohmian pilot wave theory of quantum physics ad the guiding equation of the ∆-1 field-wave, which in turn determines the position of particles, considering then both the present, wave, Schrodinger’s view an the Past to Future, field-particle interaction of the Bohmian, Heisenberg’ matricial point of view for a full description of quantum events, we obtain a closer similarity on the equations of quantum physics and thermodynamics, which shows how essentially those statistical concepts (also applied to socio-biological systems) can describe rather deterministically, the structure of a system of any 2 such dual scales.

**Thermodynamic Matter.**

We thus conclude that matter is thermodynamics. That is in space we see a super organism of molecular atoms ensembled into a ternary system, we can define with a generator or in classic thermodynamic equations. This space-system will in turn have a development in time, which will be thermodynamic, guided by parameters of time related to temperature and space, related to state. But in essence the laws of those systems will obey the ensemble laws of social evolution of parts into wholes.

A thermodynamic system thus will be initially a precisely defined region of the universe under study.

In classic theory, everything in the universe except the system is known as the surroundings – the ∆+1 world-universe of GST.

A system is separated from the remainder of the universe by a boundary which may be notional or not, but which by convention delimits a finite volume. Exchanges of work, heat, or matter between the system and the surroundings take place across this boundary; which therefore becomes the GST membrane of the system of max. Spe (topology-function).

Boundaries thus define an internal region where the thermodynamic cycles of exchanges of energy and negantropy≈formal state takes place. Energy is ‘stored’ as information, when the state of the system changes. Ensembles follow decametric laws that create new ’emerging domains’, and so on. Let us investigate the fundamental equivalences between thermodynamics and GST.

In practice, a thermodynamic boundary is simply an imaginary dotted line drawn around a volume when there is going to be a change in the internal energy of that volume. Anything that passes across the boundary that affects a change in the internal energy needs to be accounted for in the energy balance equation. The volume can be the region surrounding a single atom resonating energy, such as Max Planck defined in 1900; it can be a body of steam or air in a steam engine, such as Sadi Carnot defined in 1824; it can be the body of a tropical cyclone, such as Kerry Emanuel theorized in 1986 in the field of atmospheric thermodynamics; it could also be just one nuclide (i.e. a system of quarks) as hypothesized in quantum thermodynamics, which essentially studies those regions of the universe in which the laws of quantum and thermodynamic planes of existence converge and can be studied together.

Boundaries are of four types: fixed, moveable, real, and imaginary. For example, in an engine, a fixed boundary means the piston is locked at its position; as such, a constant volume process occurs. In that same engine, a moveable boundary allows the piston to move in and out. For closed systems, boundaries are real while for open system boundaries are often imaginary.

Generally, thermodynamics distinguishes three classes of systems, defined in terms of what is allowed to cross their boundaries:

*In the graph, classic thermodynamics classifies systems according to boundaries (|-Spe region). When boundary does not exist (open system), we cannot fully talk of a thermodynamic system as one of it ternary elements is not’, so a whole is not created.*

Then we find in the other extreme an isolated system, which does not have in a sense boundary, as it does not communicate with the external fractal Universe and becomes a whole in itself. So the more interesting cases are those in which the ‘monad’ is not fully isolated but does communicate and exchanges energy in the form of work and heat, and information in the form of state and shape of the system. Those systems who do not move: ∆e=0 (mechanically isolated), those who do not deform (thermally isolated), ∆i=0, are partial cases of the full thermodynamic system, a closed system, which allows both changes on e and i, work and heat-state.

Now the fundamental thermodynamic law is that time never stops, so when one arrow of time stops – such as entropic motion – another arrow of time, growth of information, of form-in-action, of form, grows. In the case of a thermodynamic ensemble, the external motion ceases and the internal motion, or evolution of information starts. We can talk of locomotion and evolution as the two internal and external, ∆+1, ∆-1 forms of motion more fundamental to the Universe, and in that sense understand thermodynamics as the change from external to internal motion states.

**Thermodynamic equilibrium. The present state.**

As time passes in an isolated system, internal differences in the system tend to even out and pressures and temperatures tend to equalize, as do density differences. A system in which all equalizing processes have gone to completion is considered to be in a state of thermodynamic equilibrium; or *present state, from which it can go both ways. So at thermodynamic equilibrium the present system becomes balanced between the past-entropy and future-state form possible paths.*

In thermodynamic equilibrium, a system’s properties are, by definition, unchanging in time. Systems in equilibrium are much simpler and easier to understand than systems which are not in equilibrium. Often, when analysing a thermodynamic process, it can be assumed that each intermediate state in the process is at equilibrium. This will also considerably simplify the situation. Thermodynamic processes which develop so slowly as to allow each intermediate step to be an equilibrium state are said to be reversible processes.

By definition thus there are 3 time arrows in thermodynamics: present, equilibrium (liquid) states; past, entropic (gaseous) states of growing heat and diminishing form and its inverse, relative future, solid, crystal states of maximal information and min. Spe:

In the graph, we can compare the different states of thermodynamic matter from the upper perspective of its relationship with gravitational states. Here the obvious connection are the topological elements that are common to EFE equations of space-time topologies and thermodynamic states. But the language will change again as the clocks of gravitational masses are different to those of thermodynamic heat vibrations.

**States and processes**

When a system is at equilibrium under a given set of conditions, it is said to be in a definite thermodynamic state. The state of the system can be described by a number of state quantities that do not depend on the process by which the system arrived at its state. They are called intensive variables or extensive variables according to how they change when the size of the system changes. The properties of the system can be described by an equation of state which specifies the relationship between these variables. State may be thought of as the instantaneous quantitative description of a system with a set number of variables held constant.

A thermodynamic process may be defined as the energetic evolution of a thermodynamic system proceeding from an initial state to a final state. It can be described by process quantities. Typically, each thermodynamic process is distinguished from other processes in energetic character according to what parameters, such as temperature, pressure, or volume, etc., are held fixed. Furthermore, it is useful to group these processes into pairs, in which each variable held constant is one member of a conjugate pair. Let us then first define the parameters of Spe and Tiƒ in thermodynamics which are:

- Pressure, which is inverse to the volume and hence inverse to the Spe, a parameter of Tiƒ relative order, such as ∆P->∆Tiƒ.
- Temperature inverse to preasure, hence initially the parameter of Spe, parallel to volume≈temperature≈Spe.
- Volume: the space-time configuration underlying the thermodynamic process both in spatial extension and form.

So once those 3 relative parameters, Pressure (Tiƒ), Temperature (Spe) and Volume (static, present ST) are understood, classic studied thermodynamic processes are ‘ceteris paribus’ cases which are partial equations of the Γ(states) Generator:

- Isobaric process: occurs at constant pressure
- Isochoric process: occurs at constant volume (also called isometric/isovolumetric)
- Isothermal process: occurs at a constant temperature
- Adiabatic process: occurs without loss or gain of energy by heat
- Isentropic process: a reversible adiabatic process, occurs at a constant entropy
- Isenthalpic process: occurs at a constant enthalpy
- Steady state process: occurs without a change in the internal energy

**THERMODYNAMIC HUMAN SCALES.**

**ATOMIC SYSTEMS. THE ATOMIC ORGANISM AND THE LAWS OF PHYSICS.**

**The atom the organism of the lower scales of physics. The ternary, i-logic topological structure of atoms.**

*An atom is a space-time field divided in 3 species, informative masses or quarks, energetic gravitational and electromagnetic networks and an intermediate space-time, the electronic nebulae, which bends light into ‘fractal’, ultra-dense ∆-1 photons of light. As such it can be studied with the same 5D space-time structural ‘generator’ of any other scale of the 5th dimension.*

In the graph, an atom is a space-time field divided in 3 space-time zones: its informative quark center, the nucleus; the external reproductive membrane, made of electrons, which evolve socially in bigger Spe x Tiƒ membranes when atoms become molecules; while informative, gravitational and energetic, light networks shape their intermediate space-time.

The topology of the atom is thus clear. The electron acts as an external ‘spherical plane’, a membrane of Entropy. In the center quarks are the informative vortices. In between Entropy and form is transferred with forces, which often decouple, reproducing new particles and antiparticles. There are 3 informative families of quarks-mass, due to the evolution of information in 3 ages or horizons of increasing form: each quark family is thus an age in the evolution of informative matter.

Astrœ-physics, by the unification of charges and masses, into a single group, that of time vortices, with a symmetry of scale, based in Log10 functions, is both a cosmological and atomic science.

In the strict sense, unlike astrophysics, which studies only the external motions of physical systems in space, and dedicates to the study of the other 5 motions, generation, growth, evolution, diminution and extinction, ‘partial theories’ (big bang theories of explosive deaths and births, H-R diagram of evolution of stars, etc.), atomic systems have been studied in more detail due to the closeness of observations. So molecular atomic systems, are perfectly described with an architectonical precision as they build up our scales of existence. Trouble in definition start within the atomic scale when our observing instruments, which CANNOT be smaller than the electronic mind that observes, try to analyze the minimal quanta of information of our universe, h-quanta, and of our space, c², light space times.

Now, the study of the full 6 motions is better expressed with the jargon and language of 5D sciences, which includes clear changes of paradigm, such as the study of the worldcycle of which any worldline is obviously a partial ‘element’ (as all lineal geometries of space, Sp, are mere ‘parts’ of a larger cyclical geometry of time, Tƒ, to which they will tend in any ‘future function’, sub-tended into the future.)

Now physics is NOT really more than the study of lineal motions and all other elements of generation, growth, diminution, etc, with mathematical equations, specifically, since Newton, differential equations. So it is important to run a parallel analysis of what they mean.

And in that sense we can talk of 3 great ages of mathematical physics, in a full cycle:

- The beginning with numerical systems of calculus of ‘quanta of physics’
- The age of differential equations
- The age of imaginary Complex equations
- The age of numerical calculus of quanta of physics.

In as much as Physics has not a qualitative purpose, it easily reduced to the study of physical parameters with partial differential equations, which are merely the lineal version of the more complex ‘curved geometries’, in which the ß ∆x difference between the curve and the lineal function is considered a variable constant.

So let us also start parallel to physics with the analysis of

**The zero sum of entropy. The program of Existence as a zero sum.**

*The entropy of the Universe is constant as the worldcycle is a zero sum of entropy. Tƒ fully understand this we must rewrite the equation of entropy in terms of 5D functions.*

*∆S=* entropy *dS *is equal to this amount of energy for the reversible process divided by the absolute temperature of the system:

We have assumed the temperature is constant but what truly is constant is entropy because it is a reversible closed cycle with the process of death and the asymptotic arrows between planes of existence that balance the missing quantities in a single plane, when we consider the ‘inverse loop’ taking place in the i±2 transfers and actions of death:

Thus dS=0, and d Q r/T=0 becomes a Lagrangian where the active clock of time is temperature and Qr the energy of the system.

From where we can consider different equations of thermodynamics.

**Thermodynamic equations as expressions of the life-death cycle and its quantum actions of ‘exist¡ence’.**

Thus the main difference of cyclical time, vs. lineal time is the concept of entropy, in the cyclical Universe the entropy of the Universe for the whole system is zero. And so it is for all relative systems, as they are balanced by transfers between planes of existence, notably the positive order acquired in the long arrow of informative social evolution, ∆+1, and then in the fast explosive death reversed process, when the wave falls fast into the past, erasing all its information of future, higher planes of existential organization: ∂’’œ<<∑∑∆-2

Now to understand quantum jumps through 2 Universal ∆-planes, an amazing feat that puts in contact a macrocosms with its lowest cellular/atomic planes, we should consider this astounding explosion of expansive Entropy to be balanced with the total gain in entropy by the same system during its arrow of Life:

Life Cycle: Tƒ-1: Seminal wave: ∑ S (life semi-action-cycle, h/2) = ∑ ∆-1> ∆<Max. Energy (youth) > Reproductive ∑œ wave > Max. Information: Tƒ+1 = ∆S-2: Death

In the act of death the expansion of entropy which jumps down at exponential rhythms the social creative process that lasted an entire life, the growth of information and order, or arrow of future of life becomes disintegrated in an instant.

So it happens in physical matter in the process of nuclear bombs, novae, quasars and big bangs. The difference is that the creative process from biochemical molecules to cells and fetus emerged into the ∆-scale for a long life which lasted so much time, but changed so little the volume of vital space of the system, explodes now in a quantum of time, dissolving all its networks.

It is precisely that difference of speed of life <<<< to death in the acceleration and deceleration of the process of collapse what creates an apparent winning arrow for entropy. But this idea would be misleading since for a much longer period a particle, a soul of a living, biological entity, a crystal in a planet has created order, at a very slow tempo. Time might be considered subjective in this orderly long time processes and perhaps it is. That is we can construct a frame of reference in which time cycles do not suffer accelerations and decelerations in positions of change of state, from relative past, to present to futures and back.

But the overwhelming evidence is this:

– The maximal speed of destruction of information is in the negative max. ∆S moment of death, which lasts hardly any time: ∆S x ∏ Tƒ = Death, disorder

– The creation of information in slow, cold environments is the opposite arrow that lasts much more in time but hardly consumes any external information.

Both should be balanced completing the conservative laws of fields with equipotential, immortal paths of eternal motion.

A Space-Time cycle of finite Duration, or life-death cycle is thus defined as:

∆-1, ∑∆-1>S∆<ST>Tƒ<<S∆-2 if we are to use algebraic notation of the different partial equations of a world cycle.

If we define the function, W=∫∫∂ (a,e,I,o,u) dtds=0, as the worldcycle or function of existence of a system between birth and extinction, this is the fundamental equation we seek to resolve for any being.** **

Now when the meaning of temperature is understood we can consider again, the fundamental events of all the scale of physics with an enhanced understanding of the meaning of its parameters.

Tƒ start with the frequency of the light wave, the charge an accelerated vortex like the mass, with its curvature Q, and G, form a system of clocks of time which define perfectly a beat, related to an energy, which is inverse. And so we find ourselves with different degree of integration worldcycle or minimal forceful action, of such parameters, as:

H = E x V, T = d Q/ d S= d Q x dO, which we call Order, the inverse function to entropy.

And so on: , we define a simple law of the least action, to unify the fundamental equation of ach of those scales:

F= A x E, -∂H/∂q=dp/dt and its inverse function, ∂H/∂p=dq/dt

Indeed, in cyclical time, we consider that entropy has as a secondary feature the quantity of information of the system, multiplied by conserving its actions in the multiple hyperbolic S∆-1,2, fields of existence

Thus in the scales of matter we find, the functions of existence, in the actions, H, T,

Those 5 actions determine therefore a *Program of existence, which all systems follow in a mechanical, vegetative or conscious manner. And thus we can also write the 5 ^{th} isomorphism, as a Generator Equation of all the actions of the Universe, written as a dynamic, temporal feed back equation or a static, organic, structural, spatial equation:*

*∑Se <=> Tƒ ….. or Se x Tƒ= ST±4*

*Whereas:*

*∑ represents the social gathering of individuals into Universals (∂u).*

*S signifies the motions in space, (∂a).*

*e signifies the increases of structural energy of the system, ∂e.*

*<=> in the dynamic expression or X in the structural one, signifies the combination of Se and Ti which gives birth to ‘reproductive’ actions and offspring: ∂œ.*

*And Ti signifies, the perceptive actions of the being, ∂i*

*And this 5 actions are represented also in the ‘philosophical equation’ Sp x It = ST, whereas E≈ ∂e, S≈∂a, I≈∂I, x≈∂o, ST≈ ∂U*

Again we use any of the different expressions of the Generator Equation, despite the initial confusion it might create, so the readers learns to ‘change its chip’ from the quantitative, single, exact analysis of reality to a conceptual, qualitative, multiple, ‘fractal’, iterative perception based in similarities and homologies, parallelisms and conceptual complexity.

Ultimately only when he changes his mind’s frame and accepts those enriching dualities and isomorphisms he will be able to acquire the ‘enlightened’, ‘Buddhist’ perception of the pantheist Universe required to fully integrate itself within the whole.

This is the Program of Existence that all systems follow to survive, deduced from the structural elements of any fractal Superorganism of scalar space and cyclical time, which will try to maintain stable its ST-form and reproduce it beyond death in small ‘actions’ and full ‘reproductions’ of the being, such as:

∑œ Reproductions of a being across its ST±4 planes is the existential game we all play.

We can write the Generator equation, as ∑ExI=ST, this alternative ‘old expression’ of the Generator means that to “Exist’ is to absorb and emit entropy/energy and information in a series of actions, ∑, which try to maintain a system in balance with its space-time environment. And all this is managed by the relative zero-point, Tƒ, of the system:

To Exi=st is therefore a tautological word. The rules of existence are in that sense common to all beings. What will vary is the specific form in which a certain particle, head or informative centre, Tƒ, manage to survive by its actions. Or fail.

** **

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