**SUMMARY:**

The Universal Supœrganism in fractal space.

∆±i: ¡ts generator and metric equation (1st Ðisomorphism)

∆²: its time-space states and gender (2nd Isomorphism)

∆§: ¡ts inner cellular planes (10th Ðisomorphism)

∆³: Its body networks: Gravitational and Electromagnetic forces. (3rd Disomorphism)

∆º: Its mind-particle: the black hole (0th Disomorphism)

∆+1: Its world planes (9th Ðisomorphisms).

**THE PLANES OF COSMIC REALITY**

**The 5th dimension: the scales and metric of space-time.**

The fractal paradigm is by far the most r=evolutionary advance in all sciences, which allows unlike ‘physical only theories of reality’, to unify the concepts of time and space of all sciences, each one studying a relative scale of size and time speed of the ‘5th dimension’. In this article we shall study only the laws of the fractal paradigm applied to the largest cosmological and galactic scales:

In the graph we can see how the 5th dimension organises all the time clocks with different speeds, and scales of size in the Universe, from the largest, slower beings to the fastest, smaller ones. 5D metric therefore introduces in fact ‘2 new dimensions’ or arrows of the Universe, downwards, towards faster clocks of time, and upwards towards larger slower wholes which ‘contour’ the internal vital space of any system.

Yet since wholes require the parts to appear before they are formed, the 5th dimension is in fact a dimension of time, which establishes a new absolute time arrow, which is the arrow of eusocial evolution of parts into wholes, of points into ‘social numbers’, of ‘finitesimal quanta’ into super organisms, as particles become atoms that become molecules, cells, crystals, planets, organisms, societies, solar systems, galaxies and beyond…

The existence of more ‘dimensions of time motion than mere speed locomotion’, of organic character, a fundamental element of philosophy of science, ignored by present physics is thus readdressed by 5D metric, opening an astounding number of solutions to pending questions of all sciences.

In that regard, the main social scales of the 5th dimension have different entropic size in space, ∆i, studied by a different science. Its fundamental metric equation is the co-invariance between the speed of the time clocks of the species of each scalar science – hence its capacity to process information – which increases as the system becomes smaller, but for an entire family of co-related species, remains invariable:

*|-Space Constant x • Tƒ-Time clock = Space-time plane (∆±1) ≈ ‘Present’ ≈Ei: physics’ conservation principles*

In the next graph we can see some E/c<=>Mc processes of spatial expansion and big-bang destruction of mass, all of which have an inverse temporal, informative, process of much slower creation of temporal information and mass that balances them, in different scales of physical systems, from the beta decay that explodes atoms into electrons and protons (with an inverse slow collapse of electrons into atoms) to the quasar big-bang of galaxies (with an slow process of creation of mass-information from gaseous space):

If we consider the space-time an absolute continuum in a single scale, this more accurate picture of what we perceive is not possible, hence we come to the conclusion of present cosmology – that the Universe will expand and die. If we consider that this expansion is compensated by galaxies, which follow Einstein’s dictum: ‘Time curves space into mass’, Mr. Hogg’s conundrum – how to correct the big-bang is solved.

And so we learn another fundamental truth of Philosophy of Science, which today is often overlooked: we must never deny experimental evidence, even if at first sight it contradicts an established theory.

* For that reason **we must* accept the fractal informative structure of reality, where the big bang is merely the death-rebirth cycle of a quasar-like galaxy or local Universe, a scale of size above galaxies.

* So both together create an immortal Universe of expansive ‘bidimensional sheets’ of flat space we observe the ‘canonical structure’ of…*

*1st isomorphism: Fractal Generator: Its 3 orga**nic/network*s*:* Spe≤≥ ST≤≥Tƒ

**Disomorphic-method: S@≈∆ð view of atoms and galaxies and its Q, G forces.**

Let us recall the basic concepts of the formalism of 5D-fractal Universes: we ad to the experimental facts, (E) and the Correspondence principle with classic science (C), the Disomorphic, organic method of extracting the whys of reality from the scalar properties of the 5th dimension (∆) and the symmetries between formal space, space-time energy and time motion (S≈T), cupped by the critical analysis of the @-mental distortions of inflationary languages as mirrors of the Universe. So we have a much deeper insight on the ‘whys’ of both, experimental facts and classic science modelling.

It is then obvious that most corrections on classic science to match ‘experimental fact’ today often ignored to uphold the classic theories come from the understanding of the fractal structure of space and cyclical nature of time.

It is then necessary to define in simultaneous topologies the 3 parts of the galaxies, and make them correspond in time, with its 3 ages, as a species:

Its 3 regions are a hyperbolic informative central hole, a reproductive body of stars and an external energetic membrane or Halo of heavy strangelets enclosing its 2.7K ¥-space-time:

*Sp:Halo < stars that evolve energy into informative mass-clocks> Tƒ (Black holes)*

** astrophysics.**

Each science of mankind, which corresponds to an ∆-scale of the 5th dimension is fully renewed and enlightened by the new formalism of its Generator Equation and its analysis of all systems as super-organisms in space, systems that evolve in time, and 5D structures that co-exist across symmetries scales of the 5th dimension. Let us consider for example the case of galaxies, with 3 introductory notes on:

- The spatial structure of the galactic super organism.
*In the graph, Galaxies are fractals of stars and dark, quark matter built with 3 topologies: a reproductive body of stars, sandwiched between an informative nucleus of black holes and an external halo of dark matter, probably strangelets and other dense stars. The closest self-similarity in our world scale is a cell and in the quantum scale an atom.* - The unification equation of masses and charges as symmetric time vortices of the quantum and galactic scale.
- The ‘death-birth’ cycles of big-bangs and big-crunches of masses, which express the limiting end of the world cycle of physical systems, perfectly described by Einstein’s E<=>Mc2 dual equation.

** 3 Non-Euclidean Regions of the Galaxy. : Sp (Halo)<ST: stars >Tƒ: black hole.
**

Since the fundamental 5D symmetry of galaxies is between the particles and families of matter of the Universe (Graph below) and the parts and symmetries in space of the galaxy. This is the logic of ‘Simplicity and Correspondence and Scientific Evidence’ underlying all disciplines of Science, which physicists have forgotten. Science as Einstein put it, is only concerned with the facts and events known and experimentally proved.

So *we must construct the universe*, with the particles we know in the ∆-1 scale, ∆ and ∆+1, particle, cosmic bodies and galactic scales. It is then clear the ‘nature of galaxies’ as organic systems, of enormous size, which stretch according to the metrics of the 5th dimension the 3 co-existing planes of:

- III families of mass of increasing weight and density, the ud-atoms of light matter, the sc atoms of middle density, or strange matter, and the bt atoms of hyper dense matter that correspond to:
- III families of cosmic bodies, the ud-light stars of our matter, the strange stars of pulsars and the black hole stars of maximal density, which correspond to:

- The III regions of different density of the ‘galactic cell’, the intermediate region of light stars, the mitochondria of the galaxy that reproduces and becomes on the long term, the generators of black holes (stars converted through nova processes), which migrate and form the ‘DNA-gravitational nucleus of stars’ and generate the strangelet, densely halo of quark matter around the galaxy, creating yet another ternary symmetric 5D space-time structure.

Now it is clear the difference between 5D astrophysics and the present state of ‘fanta-physics’, in which all can happen, all particles that are a mere mathematical equation must be searched for, as there are no rules, no understanding of the space-time symmetries of the Universe, and its life-death arrows. Physicists ARE STILL ASKING, why there are antiparticles (the arrow of death of particles), why there are 3 families of mass (the ternary symmetry of 5D scales of particles), what is dark matter in the halo (the strange quark symmetry between particles and parts of the galaxy).

They do not have the slightest idea of why the universe is like it is, and so all ‘goes’, all can be searched for, including unfortunately nuclear experiments with strange quark matter and top stars (black holes) that can blow up the planet and accelerate its future purpose on the ∆+1 scale – to feed as mitochondria do on a cell, the reproduction of the heavier strange and top quark matter that rules through black holes and strange neutron stars the galaxy.

Let us now consider the ternary topology of the equivalent ‘entity’ to the atom in the gravitational membrane – the galaxy.

A galaxy is a curved, fractal space-time of huge spatial proportions, hence minimal form (inversion of properties between spatial Entropy and temporal information).

And to understand it, we NEED to fully grasp the symmetry between the 3 ∆±1 planes of existence of the physical system:

So let us rise the scales of the galaxy, beyond into the ∆+1 cosmos. Then we will find again the 3 parts of the fundamental particle, where the halo is now the ball of fire of the background radiation, the intermediate vital space, the sum of those galaxies that form a flat plane with high singularity time cycles in each galactic vortex, and the centre, might be the largest of all the black hole galaxies, which together form clearly 2 networks, one of energy (light galaxies) and one of information (dark matter galaxies), creating a complex super organism, similar to any other super organism – we compare it with the ‘networks’ of energy and information of a human being:

Thus, the application of the Generator Equation of 5 Dimensional Fractal ‘systems’ of cycles of spatial energy and temporal information, to cosmology and astrophysics is similar to any other science. As *all parts of the fractal universe are made to the image and likeness of the whole, and the structures repeat constantly.*

We first define an i-logic, ‘Generator’ equation that resumes with 10 parameters the **3 co-existing ∆±1** planes of physical systems, its **3±∆ ages **in time and **3 organic topologies** in space.

We then define the** Œ-points** of those systems and the cyclical space-time actions, they perform in order to survive: **a**-ccelerations, **e**-nergy feeding, **in**formative gauging, **œ**-ffspring creation and Social evolution into Ûniversals.

The difficulty though arises from the fact that Astrophysics is a ‘mathematical-only’ theory with special emphasis in a single space-time continuum analysis of the cosmos and a human, abstract point of view implicit in General Relativity, to which we must add a short of religious dogma, which defies rational challenge, the so-called cosmic big bang and the uncertainty of studying a Universe of which we only perceive a 4%, due to the uncertainty of its vast size and distance from our point of view in terms of scales of the 5^{th} dimension so this implies:

1) The difficulty on translating the exact mathematical, spatial equations of astrophysics into meaningful statements of Organic and temporal, causal nature.

2) The natural opposition to an organic interpretation of the Universe by the present practitioners of the abstract, mathematical paradigm.

On the other hand 5D physics surprisingly enough give new insights in both the cosmic big-bang, General Relativity, and by applying the isomorphic laws of all scales of reality, on the likely nature of dark matter and dark energy which can guide future researchers on the field as long as they accept the broader perspective of a Theory of the Organic Everything (TŒ).

Now we cannot make it easier for the ‘dogma’ of mechanist science as T.Œ implies a change of paradigm and so we will continue the method of other posts.

This means the description of the ‘organic, multi-linguistic’ Universe, will be ‘upside down’ with respect to the analytic method of starting from the study of the minuscule mathematical parts of the Universe, its space-quanta, to build up the structures of the universal organism with a mere abstract mathematical description, which ignores completely the relationship of its organic parts in space, the sequential ages of its worldcycles of conception, birth and extinction and its relative ‘isomorphic’ scales of the 5^{th} dimension, in which similar phenomena take place (big bang scales from the atom to the cosmos).

Instead as usual we will describe first the whole, as an interrelated Organism with 10 ‘dimensional parameters’, hence starting by:

– Defining its Fractal Generator, G, with its ternary symmetries in space, time and its fractal scales and ternary sub-systems for each scale.

– Then study the main species of the 3 co-existing planes of astrophysical systems – which in cosmology are its ∆-1 star systems, its ∆-galaxies and the ∆+1 Universe.

– And as it is quite relevant in the case of physical systems that co-exist in an isomorphic, isotropic background consider the Fractal principle, subdividing them into its 3 sub-systems at atomic level.

– Then we study its organic structure in space with its 3 canonical topologies (Spe-energetic membrane, ExT, cyclical body-wave and Tƒ-informative particle-head), which are often similar in the 3 scales, its 3 ages in time.

– And finally focus on the central 0-points of those systems, which are the commanding black holes that control the galaxy and its cyclical space-time actions.

This is the bare bone elements of astrophysical systems, whose qualitative study we can complete with quantitative analysis of the relationships between its 10 components and 5 actions (3 scales, 3 ages, 3 organs, and 0-points’ actions), as well as its variations of species and Universal constants (ratios and social numbers between those 10 elements and 5 actions).

Thus when study those elements, we can get to any degree of detail we want, using the known ‘space-time dualities and paradoxes’, ternary symmetries of time ages and space organs, decametric social scales between ∆±1 planes, and Universal constants of actions.

Further on we can apply the ternary fractal principle, which makes possible to study any part of __Γ____, The generator, __as a whole and divide it into 3 sub-parts, 3 sub-ages, 3 sub-planes and its main sub-equations. And apply the Fractal Ternary Principle including some elements of the atomic, particle scale, clarifying the connection of the 3 planes..

Since T.Œ and the 5Dimentional organic space-time structure of reality and its cyclical, fractal laws can fully describe all what exists in the cosmos, discerning also what is likely NOT to be.

Now future is inflationary, because the logic mind in lesser space with more information calculates more possible potential logic futures in its mirror fractal of information at faster, speed, but only one of the multiple paths of the wave, will be then converted into reality and the other images will fade away and collapse into the present, single wave, which will then become a discontinuous past that erases.

Because only present space, as we define present as the product of space and time, past and future, only present stays, it is the conservation of energy and information, of the lineal and angular momentums combined into present space-times along a worldcycle of existence, or a synchronous organism.

When we integrate those presents along all the vital spaces and all the time cycles of the system, we obtain the total integral of the function of existence in space time of the present being, with all its future information. So its quantum waves become a single whole motion that integrates them all.

Now, the reader should notice 2 things, which are quite evident. On one side, the similarity between the largest and smallest scales of physical systems, the atom and the galaxy; on the other the question marks on the big-bang theories, which are themes not so obviously related to the saint Grail of physics – the discovery during my studies of both systems of a way to unify both – the world of charges and masses, hence all the scales of physical systems of the Universe, as they had exactly the same equations in the metrics of the 5th dimension. Indeed charges and masses were clocks of time of the electromagnetic and gravitational scale in 5D metrics, only that the galactic vortex turned 10 up to 40 times slower in those metrics than a charge and were larger in a similar quantity (Sp x Tƒ = K).

And so when I translated the equations of electromagnetism to the jargon of gravitation alas, all the equations matched, those of the electron with the galactic halo, and the black hole radius appeared suddenly as the radius of the Bohr Hydrogen atom…

Thus when I found that the 10 up to 40 relationship between the charge and mass forces (the so-called hierarchy problem), was equivalent to the different of ‘speed of a charge and mass clock’ in 5D metrics – giving birth to an easy unification as time clocks of two scales it was the beginning of a full new field of science, which I called 5D cosmology.

Thus galaxies can also be studied in space as a fractal point with 3 regions that correspond to the 3 ‘canonical’ topologies of a 4-dimensional world – an informative center, an energetic membrane, and the reproductive intermediate zone:

– Max. Tƒ: The center of the galaxy is a swarm of black holes, its densest informative masses, which produces the gravitational, informative waves that control the position of its body of stars. Beyond its event horizon, the accelerated vortex of mass of the black hole (Equivalence Principle) should accelerate light, deflecting it into a perpendicular, hyperbolic, informative dimension of height (Kerr superluminal, central singularity) ejecting it as gravitational jets of dark Entropy at 10 C.

For that reason Kerr black holes^{10} should be called wormholes, because they absorb light but let it escape through its axis as dark, gravitational Entropy, at faster than light speeds.

-Max. Sp: The external membrane that limits the inner space-time of the galaxy is a spherical halo of dark matter, probably made of strangelets or micro black holes, which can deviate unwanted radiation by gravitational red shift and/or absorb the Entropy of radiant matter, cooling it down to the 2.7 K background radiation.

Thus those non-evaporating micro black holes and strangelets of great density act as ‘proteins’ do in cells*, *controlling the inner movement of galaxies and the outer absorption of light-Entropy.

– Sp=Tƒ: Stars, tracing toroid cycles form the inner space-time body of the galaxy, a bidimensional plane or Klein’s disk that feeds the wormhole and reproduces atomic substances and stars. They ultimately evolve into black holes, which migrate toward the central swarm of holes, residing in the nucleus. In any Klein disk distance is measured as motion and becomes infinite when we cannot reach a limit or barrier (for example the barrier of light speed becomes an infinite Lorentz Transformation). So it happens with the border of the galaxy.

We are part of that intermediate space-time in a Milky Way, limited by its central hole and an invisible border of dark matter, neither of which we can cross without dying; since the speed of rotation of matter around the wormhole and the flows of intergalactic dark Entropy that expands space at light speeds beyond the halo *would destroy us.* Thus we are trapped in this star and planet, in a toroid cycle that will end evolving the Sun into dark matter.

Thus the generator equation of the galaxy as a Fractal ∆-point is:

*E:Halo <stars that evolve Entropy into matter> Tƒ (Black holes)*

In the image, the structure of the galaxy: stars are created in the intermediate region and the center is occupied by a black hole.

The energetic medium that transfers Entropy to the fractal quanta of the galaxy is the external interstellar gas. Finally the system is joined by 2 networks of forces: the gravitational, faster, non-local informative, transversal gravitational waves at the cosmological scale; and the energetic, smaller, slower electromagnetic waves at the quantum scale.

Let us study the parts of the whole – the 3 elements of galaxies, stars, black holes and gravitational forces that join them, now *from the perspective of its quanta – the quarks that have the same parameters in the ∆-1 scales of the 5th dimension that the larger ∆+1 black holes and strange stars*.

** ORGANIC GALAXIES**. **ITS SCALES, SPATIAL PARTS AND TIME CYCLES.**

So let us consider the structure of the superorganism of the galaxy, in the same fashion we have studied all other superorganisms of the Universe, using its generator equation; for simplicity in the following order, its spatial 3 parts, its, evolutionary 3±∆ ages, and its Tƒ-point, the central black hole of maximal information that connects it as a ‘whole’ with the upper scale of the 5th dimension, the world of dark matter and energy, beyond it.

Of course, we shall have to correct some errors and anthropomorphic postulates topic of all human sciences, which will make ‘scholars’ feel offended, but we are not concerned with the theories of the day but the larger truth of the structure of reality. So far, so good, within the Galaxy, we must affirm ‘don’t worry be happy’, humans have done for a change a good job. There is a limit of c-speed, the action of space-time of the galaxy; there is a temporal clock structure, mass, which slows down its time clocks as it grows bigger (even in the minimal scale in which mass is meaningful, that of living superorganisms, so the clocks of smaller masses – rats tick much faster than those of the big elephants).

So we can define without further ado the structure of galaxies in space:

** The Three Non-Euclidean Regions of the Galaxy. : Sp (Halo)<ST: stars >Tƒ: black hole.**

Let us now consider the ternary topology of the equivalent ‘entity’ to the atom in the gravitational membrane – the galaxy. Thus the generator equation of the galaxy as a Fractal ∆-point is:

*E:Halo <stars that evolve Entropy into matter> Tƒ (Black holes)*

In the graph, a galaxy is a curved, fractal space-time of huge spatial proportions, hence minimal form (inversion of properties between Spatial Extension and temporal information). Thus galaxies can also be studied in space as a fractal point with 3 regions that correspond to the 3 ‘canonical’ topologies of a 4-dimensional world – an informative center, an energetic membrane, and the reproductive intermediate zone:

– Max. Tƒ: The center of the galaxy is a swarm of black holes, its densest informative masses, which produces the gravitational, informative waves that control the position of its body of stars. Beyond its event horizon, the accelerated vortex of mass of the black hole (Equivalence Principle) should accelerate light, deflecting it into a perpendicular, hyperbolic, informative dimension of height (Kerr superluminal, central singularity) ejecting it as gravitational jets of dark Entropy at 10 C.

For that reason Kerr black holes10 should be called wormholes, because they absorb light but let it escape through its axis as dark, gravitational Entropy, at faster than light speeds.

-Max. Es: The external membrane that limits the inner space-time of the galaxy is a spherical halo of dark matter, probably made of strangelets or micro black holes, which can deviate unwanted radiation by gravitational red shift and/or absorb the Entropy of radiant matter, cooling it down to the 2.7 K background radiation.

Thus those non-evaporating micro black holes and strangelets of great density act as ‘proteins’ do in cells*, *controlling the inner movement of galaxies and the outer absorption of light-Entropy.

– Es=It: Stars, tracing toroid cycles form the inner space-time body of the galaxy, a bidimensional plane or Klein’s disk that feeds the wormhole and reproduces atomic substances and stars. They ultimately evolve into black holes, which migrate toward the central swarm of holes, residing in the nucleus. In any Klein disk distance is measured as motion and becomes infinite when we cannot reach a limit or barrier (for example the barrier of light speed becomes an infinite Lorentz Transformation). So it happens with the border of the galaxy.

We are part of that intermediate space-time in a Milky Way, limited by its central hole and an invisible border of dark matter, neither of which we can cross without dying; since the speed of rotation of matter around the wormhole and the flows of intergalactic dark Entropy that expands space at light speeds beyond the halo *would destroy us.* Thus we are trapped in this star and planet, in a toroid cycle that will end evolving the Sun into dark matter.

In the image, the structure of the galaxy: stars are created in the intermediate region and the center is occupied by a black hole.

The energetic medium that transfers Entropy to the fractal quanta of the galaxy is the external interstellar gas. Finally the system is joined by 2 networks of forces: the gravitational, faster, non-local informative, transversal gravitational waves at the cosmological scale; and the energetic, smaller, slower electromagnetic waves at the quantum scale.

Let us study the parts of the whole – the 3 elements of galaxies, stars, black holes and gravitational forces that join them.

*Recap*. Galaxies are fractal ∆-points with 3 standard topological regions: a spatial body of stars and an informative nucleus of black holes. The closest self-similarity in our world is with a cell.

NOW, THE STUDY of those galaxies in time follows a closer symmetry to that of the galaxy in space:

So the little bang, was the death of the previous galaxy, or according to the quasar cycle of barred galaxies (and ours is a barred one), a 20 billion years cycle of birth and death of galactic systems, in which the central black hole suffers a cosmic collapse of all its matter, and then spits it out in a quasar explosion, starting a new cycle:

*Spatial symmetry: Sp: Neutrino & Light background < St-ars > Black Matter*

** COSMOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL WORLDCYCLES.**

**Abstract. **We are all beings made of a vital space, enclosed by a membrane of cyclical time… with a central singularity or frame of reference that orders it all… This also applies to the Universe and its gala cells.

**INTRODUCTION: TERNARY SUPERORGANISMS TRACING WORLDCYCLES.**

*We are all beings composed of a membrane of time cycles that encloses a vital space of energy, self-centered into a singularity of information, monad or mind, mirror of the external world we order.*

Look around you. **All what you see is a form with motion**. It might be at rest but it will be moving respect to another point of view (ab. Pov), which is moving but feels himself *at rest. This *is all the whys physicists so far have answered about motion.

All ‘moves’ and doesn’t move.

If we call the state of motion ** entropy** and the state of no-motion,

*form**.*

And the combinations of motion and form, ‘**momentum’**, when taken step by step.

Or when measured in a longer interval, ‘**forms in action’ in-form-ations’** if the form dominates.

Or ‘**energetic motions’, **if the entropy≈motion dominates.

And the whole process of the event we analyze from the initial state of form with no entropy=motion, through the motions of in-form-ation and energy, till its final state back to form, **a worldcycle…**

We Do have all what we need to explain the rhythms, beats, and timespace events of the Universe*. *

So if we put then in a series, it is easy to see the sequence of a worldcycle of ‘tao’, of timespace, of ‘exist¡ence’, of ‘science’:

Worldcycle: Form<Motion>Energy>Information>Form<motion… and then we restart again.

Now, the reader might think such series are simple and inconsequential, but when we proper understand the rhythms of creation of minds-mirrors-forms, with it, the modes of creation of species, or the world cycle of life and death, departing of such simple game of ‘three arrows’ of time he might think otherwise:

Indeed, this simple scheme will as we iterate and combine those elements into the myriad of sums and variations that web reality, explain all worldcycles of existence from the worldcycle of life and death, to the worldcycle of evolution of species… In the graph we can see how all systems are born as a see of form, which emerges into a larger scale with maximal entropy-motion, then passes through an age of energy and reproduces, becoming informed till an old age of pure form when again becomes dissolved into an explosion of entropy and motion. In physics this simple scheme gives birth to the states of matter between plasma and nuclear death, in life to the states between the seminal seed that emerges as a child that lives three ages through an entropic youth, an energetic mature, reproductive age and a third age of information that explodes into entropic death, dissolving its structures. Societies suffer the same evolution departing from its founding seed, a memetic prophet and book of revelation, dying in the entropic death caused by the germs of history, weapons and wars… So indeed, *all systems follow similar cycles because they are all made of relational space-time.*

Time is motion in visual terms, CHANGE, in logic terms. And Aristotle, the father of logic science told us there were different types of motion:

-External ‘locomotion’, or translation in space, studied by physics; which we shall call ‘energetic, entropic motions in space’, Sp.

-Internal change in the ‘form’ of beings, in their in-form-ation, which we call evolution, and said it was studied by biology, and we shall call Temporal, Informative motion, proper, Tƒ.

-But this 2 great fields of change, external, physical, spatial change and internal, temporal informative evolution, or cyclical change, combine constantly and reproduce similar forms, and so we can talk of a 3rd type of ‘formal motion’ or change, not so evident as it is a conservative change, we shall call reproduction, or revolution, product of both type of changes, ST(st), or ST.

If we observe those 3 motions as ‘still forms in space’, they give birth to the 3 ‘ONLY’ topologies of our Universe:

The toroid, lineal entropic past-forms of limbs/fields; the spherical, informative, ‘future forms’ of heads/particles that DID guide the whole system towards its future; and its combined, hyperbolic, bodies/waves in the middle, that REPRODUCED the system.

The 3 topologies of all Universal systems: vital spaces, cyclical membranes and o-points of measure**. **

In the graph, a few of the ternary systems, made with the 3 only topologies-functions of all systems of the Universe, an atom, a tomato, a planet, a cell an embryo and an electromagnetic field. Though at first sight their resemblance might seem a mere coincidence, all of them are ternary systems, which we can describe with the same ‘Generator equation’ of ¬Æ mathematics, the formalism of T.œ (the Organic Theory of Everything, which unifies all sciences as descriptions of such systems in any scale of the Universe).

Thus a deeper analysis of time cycles shows them to have always 3 ‘ages’, ‘phases’, ‘arrows’, ‘states’ or ‘dimensions’:

- < (symbol of expansion flow), Ps: Past, entropic motions, dominant in the youth, with a toroid, lineal expansive form.
- > (implosive flow), ƒt: Future-form: a cyclical time vortex proper.
- ≈ (symbol of iterative wave): ST: Present-iterative motions that don’t seem to change; or dynamic, body-wave motion

And this gave us the 2 ‘variations of the Generator which described existence in Time and Space, easily written as:

**Time:** Ps (young entropic age) > ST(adult, iterative-reproductive age) ≥ Ft (informative age) ≤ Ps (entropic death)

**Space:** Sp (Limbs/fields) ≤ ST (body-wave) ≤ It (head-particle)

Those symmetries correspond in space to the only 3 topological forms; hence systems can only be constructed with those 3 topologies that define as the graphs show all organisms and physical species.

We associate counter-intuitively ‘cycles with motion’ and ‘lines with Still space’.

It has to do a lot with the limiting errors of classic physics, where only lineal inertial motion matters. Fact is big-bang explosion DECELERATE speed till it becomes Still lineal distances and dimensions, that is pure lineal space with no motion or vacuum space (as in any physical big-bang of entropy). While the equation of cyclical vortex, is Vo x Ro = K (2-manifold, simplest variety), which counter-intuitively accelerates (∆V) when distance becomes smaller, (-∆R) to maintain K constant.

Thus clocks, frequencies and vortices accelerate ,and have more ‘time’ content, that lineal motions that decelerate to a halt.

So we can now extend the generator to its natural ternary form:

*$pe < Œ: ExI > -ðiƒº*

Now this would be the most exact symbolic representation of the Universe, º for the informative self-centred mind.

We use 3 ‘letters’ for each side of the Fractal Generator, to signify the 3 commonest perception of the 2 sides of the equation in human beings. Space appears as ‘Space-Size’, but also as ‘spatial entropy or kinetic energy’, that is an expansive motion (<), and as it has lesser form it comes ‘first’ in the evolution of beings as its relative past, young age of maximal motion in space. And inversely in the moment of death when the ‘cycle of time reverses locally its direction’. Locally being the key to avoid paradoxes.

We use also 3 ‘letters’ for Temporal, cyclical information, Tiƒ, T, Ti, for time, i, iƒ for information, and ƒ, for frequency of the external cycle, O, which is centred in a self-point of view or frame of reference, º, and ƒt, for future, as those are the synchronic, dynamic and geometric interpretations of the other side of the equation.

And finally, its combination of iterative present, hyperbolic body-waves, Œ-ExI(st), whose function resumes the entire system: Max. S x T (e=i), and we shall call the function of existence of the system.

The Universe thus is relatively simple, in its dual and ternary logic, both in geometry, | x º = Œ, its meaning – a game of formal motions of space-synchornous organisation and time, 0-sum world cycles, and properties, geometric, organic, structural, mental, perceptive, as those systems do have a centre of angular momentum, a frame of reference that gauges information, a relative still point of view, and logic causal, since the purpose of those systems is as any fractal generator, to ‘repeat’ its form through slight variations caused by the dynamic duality of the 2 sides of the equation. How many varieties of the equation exist? Infinite. In physical systems the commonest are, expressions in terms of an energetic, spatial parameters and a cyclical curved clock of time (charge, mass, solid matter system in the 3 quantum, ∆-1, ∆-thermodynamic or ∆+1 gravitational scales). For example, we can resume the laws of gravitation in terms of the generator as:

E(Sp) < Constant of informative curvature (G) / or energy density (C) > M (Tƒ)

Whereas the relationship between the state of spatial energy and cyclical time (mass) of the gravitational system can be expansive, entropic, in a big bang in which mass uncoils into bidimensional space-time, cc, or it can be attractive, when entropy becomes mass, as the distance≈ field between two such masses, Mm, curves (G), into a tighter configuration.

In quantum physics the equivalent equation would be:

T(fermion) < Sp (Boson ≈ wave) > T(Fermion)

where two particles exchange a boson wave which might be repulsive-entropic, < or attractive-informative, >, as the wave travels and reproduces, ≈ in the space between both, collapsing back, >, into particle state of maximal information, when the fermion absorbs it.

The essence of the fractal paradigm is thus the diversity of variations on a simple common theme: forms of relative past, spatial entropy, and forms of relative future, information, constantly co-sharing and fluctuating, as they share both expansive and implosive, <, >, motions between them.

Because physics does not have this underlying structure resolved, the confusion and complexity and enormous number of different parameters and concepts used to define all those different phenomena which are essentially similar makes its understanding complex.

To that sheer amount of data, we have on physical systems, it must be noticed that on the lower scales of information (quantum scales), the structure of multiple layers co-existing into wholes that put it all together through internal networks of energy and information (blood, and nervous networks in life beings) is much simplified, so there is not so clear an arrow of absolute future, in which parts embedded into wholes (minS. x Max. T) slowly rise in order during a long time process, to die back in an instant of time in the moment of death (min Time x Max. space).

But this fundamental asymmetry between spatial, entropic motions or big-bangs of death (Max. S x Min. T) does happen also in physical systems, and that is the justification that we call ‘time-future-clocks-cyclical-informative’ processes as they last much longer, and space-dead-lineal-past processes, as they last much shorter. And obviously because parts comes from wholes, the future absolute arrow is that of eusocial evolution, of eusocial love, of compression of individuals, loose gaseous states into liquid and solid even bosonic forms.

The Universe in its widest philosophical expression is a game of formal motions, motions with form. And since Motion never stops IT IS ETERNAL, a game of fluctuations between | and ⊗, lines and self-centred cycles that forms all the conical curves of mathematics, all the forms of space-time of digital computers, all the numbers of the language of mathematics, all the images of the languages of art – all can be reduced to this equation of 2 formal motions, the lineal and angular momentum.

So we could write the most general principle of reality, the fractal generator, |-Sp<œ-ST>⊗-Tƒ, in logic terms: ‘All what exists is motion that changes its form back and forth ad eternal’.

**The vortex of time and its 3 ages.**

*All including humans are fractal systems made of multiple cyclical time clocks, Tiƒ, that enclose and inform a moving vital space centered into a selfish point of view, ⊗, which encodes the ‘action-will’ (a,ei,ou) of the system, whose purpose is to repeat and perpetuate the formal motions of the being.*

Moreover, most of those time clocks and cyclical trajectories follow the laws of angular momentum (time clocks of the human scale) , of spins, (time clocks of the H-planck scale), of masses, charges, and all kind of vortices: they accelerate inwards (Vo=K Ro).

So ‘Time curves space into masses’ (Einstein), *time accelerates and grows the information of a system towards a 3rd age of maximal information* and minimal space, or *old age of the time cycle, after which the cycle explodes back into entropy, and erases its information. Hence we can define an equation of space-time, now in terms of diachronic cycles of existence between life and death:*

Ps>Ft<Ps

Whereas we have changed the order of Space (Sp), to signify the relative Past (Ps) or erasing of information which is the relative arrow of the fractal entropy process of death, and we have changed the order of Tƒ, to Ft (diachronic view of information), which is the arrow of relative future of a system. since systems start in a relative past of maximal entropy, increase their information towards the future through the ages of life, and death explode back closing a world cycle’, back to the past.

The simplicity of this equation, which can be obviously expressed with all the due details of complex General Relativity and quantum physics, when studying mathematical physics, easily translated into varieties, iterations and combinations of the 3 arrows of time and symmetric 3 organs of space, is perhaps the strongest proof of the fractal paradigm according to the fundamental tenants of the scientific method: we must always hold a higher truth, experimental evidence and then the logic postulates of the Scientific method, some of which are shown in the graph:

Experimental evidence, logic cause, Ockham’s razor (a simple economic truth that explains more things and requires less elements is more truth) and no falsification. Only when there is evidence of a fact and a model is logically sound, we can go further into its mathematical simple equations ‘first’, and then further into the ‘detailed’ more complex equations of the system.

But to complete the fractal paradigm we need a final element, which is obvious in all systems of nature, its scalar structure in different co-existent levels of reality, as you are made of cells, put together into larger organisms, parts of larger societies, and physical systems are made of atoms, put together into molecular, thermodynamic systems part of gravitational wholes. So if we call each of those scales an ∆±n scale of anew dimension that puts all those fractal parts of space with relative different cyclical time clocks, together, we complete the model of the fractal Universe by adding…

**The frames of reference – mental points of view.**

So we find in the Universe always 3 elements in all systems, which correspond to the 3 ‘topologies’ of mathematics, and the 3 ‘ages’ of life world cycles (since life is cyclical ,changes in time are NOT worldlines as physicists believe, but world cycles):

The vital space of lineal motions, enclosed by the cyclical membranes and time cycles, focused in a central point of view or frame of reference, of maximal density of information that gauges information, linguistically and has the structure of a Non-Euclidean, Fractal point, through which multiple ‘parallels of energy and information’ can cross.

This ‘mind, soul, god, monad, Maxwellian Demon’ that creates the order of the Universe will be then defined by a simple mathematical equation and geometry as a ⊗-point, whose function will be to maintain the whole system ‘stable’; that is in biological terms ‘to make it survive’.

It does not need to be conscious, but as Leibniz described it in his work on monads, apperceive mathematically, vegetatively or linguistically, because simply speaking, Evolution implies that a system which ‘maintains the ‘whole’ stable and survive lasts on time. So automatically as time goes, ONLY systems who had this ternary efficient, symmetric, stable configuration have lasted, have been selected.

This definition, when translated to mathematical physics, coupled with the Principle of Relativity as defined by Poincare-Einstein, ‘we cannot distinguish motion from stillness’ will allow us to derive all the laws of Physics and explains its main systems. So for example, an atom has a central point of view of maximal density; but it has the advantage that can be applied to all other sciences, to define all the laws of knowledge.

In that regard, a more telling qualification of the system is one in which we put together the Membrane and central point of view, as two connected elements, which invaginate with fixed or dynamic networks the vital space between both:

The sensorial membrane absorbs energy and information and shrinks it according to Poincare Conjecture into the mind point, in which there is a locking or mapping or linguistic still moment of form, and perception, which in physical systems regardless of anthropomorphism should happen in bosonic states of no motion and maximal density of form, crystals, and likely black holes with gravitational forces.

This process which encodes the will of the Universe in the central unmoved God of Aristotle, or fractal point-monad, cannot be obviously perceived internally but we do know to exist by experience in living beings, and should also exist by external observation of the actions and motions of physical systems, which reproduce its form once the black hole or crystal centre is formed.

It is to be expected though that under the paradox of the ego, the human point of view and frame of reference will not acknowledge the obvious facts that even the smallest particles, quarks and electrons (of which our mind is made) apperceive information, and gauge it (±i), absorb energy and use it (±e) to iterate their for in an offspring of similar beings (œ) and evolve socially into larger wholes or universals (u), besides changing, accelerating or decelerating its motions (a), the a,e,i,o,u ‘åctions’ that define the behaviour of all T.œ Time-space functions of existence of the Universe.

Only then we can fully grasp the harmony of the Universe and all its planes of existence, and chains of beings, across the common 5th dimension of creative Spe-sizes of space and Tƒ, time clocks.

**The generator equation applied to cosmology: time ages, and spatial topologies.**

The Universe is a fractal super organism of lineal space and cyclical time that reproduces in motion and form both ‘topologies’. This is the simplest meaningful explanation of it in verbal syntax. In mathematical equations, the simplest, most meaningful one is Einstein’s E=mc2, written properly in ternary symmetry as:

**Γ1,2,3:** $pace Entropy (not energy, which is self-contained) < cc (energy of light space) > Mð: vortices of mass.

In pure terms of ∆@st, logic syntax we can define it easily with the fractal generator, a feed-back equation of its ternary symmetries, topologies in simultaneous space and sequential worldcycles in time:

Γ@: ∆-i $pe≤≥∆: Ø-∑≈∏≤≥∆+i: O-ðƒ, which expresses its 10 dimensions in symbolic form, whereas, Γ@ is the linguistic mirror in any language of the 10 dimensions, 3 of scales, ∆±i, 3 of topological space, $, Ø, O, 3 of time, P-ast, preSenT and ƒuture, and 3 of space-time that mixes both; as well as its 3 possible ‘flows’, $>ð, a flow of information that shrinks space and grows in form, T<S, a flow of entropy that erases form and ≈, a flow of iteration that repeats a system…

This generator mirrors the 10 dimensions in space-time and can be written in any language. We understand though that mathematics is the most efficient synoptic language-mirror of reality, likely the mind of the dominant physical entities of the Universe, the galaxy-atoms, and as such we do respect astrophysics and will work with them, but *complement its analysis with the synoptic logic of verbal, biological, organic languages, to describe other properties which WORDS can synthesise much better for 2 reasons:*

-THEY are an excellent language to express the 3 verbal temporal arrows of past, present and future tenses.

-They are the human language, hence tailored to study organic properties maximal in humans and also as I am still human not a robot (even if you are reading a machine not talking to me), it is best to talk to most humans, instead of pretending to be a mathematical creationist talking the language of God. This said we shall start the 3rd line with a general view of the ‘immortal fractal Universe’ debunking big-bang kind of absurd theories.

**The 3 ages of time in cosmology.**

Let us in introduce the cyclical theory of cosmology starting by:

__The consequences of cyclical time__in the perception of the present lineal analysis of the Universe, as a ‘block of infinite lineal time duration’.

First we shall consider the space-time cycle of the Universe, which will allow us also to illustrate the quite different consequences of using with the same equations, the two different concepts of a universe dominated by a single continuum space, and one dominated by time, made of infinite space-time cycles.

In the graph, the lineal time of Cartesian graphs, accepts only a natural motion – lineal inertia, and denies the fundamental property of time cycles, its closed cyclical form that carries the causal, repetitive laws and stores the information of the Universe in the frequency and form of those cycles.

Since every time motion of the Universe is cyclical and lineal time, physical time, a shorter part of a cycle, or the sum of multiple ‘cyclical steps’, as the wave of light, used to define a second according to its ‘frequency of time cycles’.

Mathematically the discontinuity of space-time and hence the existence of infinite fractal space-time motions in the Universe is proved by the fundamental theorem of topology and knot theory: a closed cycle divides the Universe in an inner and outer space, breaking it.

Thus a time clock or time cycle breaks (knot theory, topology) space into an inner and outer region. So we must also talk of infinite broken spaces, fractal parts of space with ‘motion’ or ‘energy’ that a time cycle surrounds and controls: The unit of the Universe is a space-time cycle; and all beings of Nature are made of such ‘fundamental particles’, the cyclical, fractal space-time born of enlarging, each ‘point’ of lineal time into a ‘cycle’.

Thus the existence of cyclical time clocks implies that space is fractal and enclosed by time clocks, which manage those spaces as their vital, inner spaces, the ‘internal substances’ of which relational space-time beings are made.

So it is not possible to extend to infinity a lineal equation as big-bang physicists do. The equation WILL curve and the big-bang if it existed for the whole Universe, would end in a big crunch (we shall see many proofs it might be restarted to a quasar cycle, as our measure is local in this galaxy and we have tabulated a 10 to 20 billion year cycle of quasars for galaxies, so it might be again another anthropomorphic ego-trip of explaining it all).

Now, in this graph, written with the sequential equation of the Worldcycle of life and death we see two clear differences between the interpretation of the same phenomena in absolute space-time and relational space-time.

Above, the big-bang cycle is described as a single line of a single continuum space-time and a single time direction. The same graph, which is the last one of our ‘Still picture’ the beginning and the end is the same. It is a cycle. And this is what Einstein’s 3 solutions to the space-time structure of the Universe tell us:

The big-bang entropic, expansive solution, its inverse big crunch, Gödel, cyclical solution and the intermediate ‘steady state’, balanced longer present solution in which we exist (the preferred by Einstein, then improved by Hoyle).

Why this huge difference? Simply speaking, because the physicist, which believes in ‘space’ as the only and fundamental factor of the Universe Tends to order systems and solutions to their equations as space solutions. So the 3 solutions to EFE are for the physicist ‘parallel space Universes’ – one in which space is always in a perpetual big-bang (his interpretation of our Universe), other which is a cyclical form (Black hole solution) and one immortal in eternal steady state.

So simply speaking, physical systems display the same 3 ages of all other systems of the Universe, from big-bang entropic ages, to steady state ages, to black hole crunching.

In that regard among the laws≈symmetries of 5D Time-space applied to all sciences, the most important is the explanation of the life-death world cycle:

Time no longer traces worldlines as in 4D physics, but worldcycles, as it is cyclical and has a new dimension of informative height that ‘curves’ the vital Energy of any being into a cycle.

And further on existence in time happens as a travel through 3 5D ∆±1 planes of space-time, from the seminal i-1 faster plane of existence, to the human i-ndividual plane, as members of the slower i+1 rhythms of nations and civilizations our super organisms, to the conundrum of genetics.

Thus smaller ‘systems’ paradoxically as fractals do hold more information in its faster cycles of time. So they code the larger plane of human existence. In the graph we illustrate those 3 cases showing its co-invariant Sxt parameters.

Now, the 5th dimension is more complex and revealing than all the others, because it explains the life-death cycle of all systems, born in the seminal ∆-1 scale as faster time cycles which enclose a vital energy with faster motions, which reproduce and become waves, planes and topological networks, emerging finally into the ∆-scale of the organism, which in turn will become part of slower, larger social ecosystems.

In relational space-time though solutions to space-time equations are routinely considered time solutions, which vary along a certain ‘time-space parameter’.

**Lineal vs. cyclical vs. social 5D time**

In relativity, the momentum and the energy are the space and time parts of a space-time vector, the four-momentum, and the relativistic invariant relation relates them:

E^{2}/c^{2} – p^{2}= m^{2} c^{2}

which says that the length of this four-vector is proportional to the rest mass *m*.

This of course is ‘time duration’, and so we can related the ‘total volume’ of the time duration or worldcycle of the system, to its Energy and each slice to its momentum. Mass thus become the whole of this worldview of the system, the product of its ‘spatial steps-momentums’ and its whole lineal duration. This physicists describe as the ‘block’ of the worldline of the being.

But in the concept of cyclical time which adds complexity to our analysis, we describe another type of time=change – the internal transformations of the being.

The reader in that regard should understand that the largest possible philosophical conception of time as change has at least those 3 perspectives: change as a lineal translation, and then we can obtain properties derived from classic physics; change as an internal transformation, and then the concept of cyclical time applies.

And finally change as evolution, which ultimately ends up being social d=evolution into wholes or dissolution into parts (Devolution) and then the 5D rules apply.

It is clear to me but likely not to physicists that understanding the cyclical and 5d concepts of time is of more philosophical interest than the lineal concepts associated to p and E.

It of course remains as a huge field of inquire, the proper translation of the entire jargon of physics to 5D, which I have from time to time explored with delightful moments for the mind, but have not published in earnest.

**The proper interpretation of Three EFE solutions. The 3 ages=horizons of the quasar big-bang.**

*The ages of the Universe are 3 formal ages of increasing curvature: an energetic youth (big bang), a reproductive, steady state or big-banging; and a 3rd age of warping information or big crunch, which can be used to study the 3 horizons of any scale of physical matter.*

The 3 ages of the big bang are the 3 EFE solutions to Einstein’s space-time equations, which if we order them in time represent the expansive, steady state and implosive phases of the big-bang cycle of the quasar galaxy.

So the 3 equations show a perfect time symmetry of a worldcycle of a galaxy.

__C) Correspondence with EFE.__ Now, the proper way to explain cyclical big-bangs, in any scale (obviously due to the finding of unusual things) is to postulate a local background radiation – which can be the local cluster, the galaxy itself, the cloud that surrounds the local group (the diatomic Andromeda+Milky Way), or even a microcosmic effect of gravitational red shift by the halo of the galaxy dark matter, likely to be made of strangelets; and we shall consider all those cases with a conceptual approach).

While the proper way to adapt any of those big bangs of a possible galactic quasar is to prove the 3 ages of quasars’ correspondence with Einstein’s EFE.

In this case the parameter is the well known to physicists Cosmological constant which varies around a ±0 value, defining 3 possible ‘ages’ in time of the Universe:

|-Sp: Young, entropic, energetic big-bang age.

œ-ST: Present steady state in which galaxies warp space-energy into cyclical accelerated vortices of time (not other thing is a galaxy than a vortex of gravitational acceleration) while space between them expands.

O-Tƒ: Future implosive warping big crunch, which will end in a new big-bang cycle.

The topological description: |xo=Ø, or more accurately in bidimensional terms, when symbols are available in the keyboard: ◊x⊗=œ, whereas ◊ is a bidimensional plane of minimal form, of Spe, with a given kinetic entropy, ⊗, is a bidimensional Tiƒ, a membrane that shrinks into a point of view, with a given angular momentum, and œ, is a reproductive S≈T body wave, which tries to maximise its function of existence, Exi(s=t), reached when both elements S and T are similar in balance (Max. SxT->S=T).

This simple self-repetitive structure in its sheer repetition and interaction for n-particles across ∆±n scales but always in case of order and existence of a super organism, as a self-centred, point of view, will be used to describe the natural symmetries of all physical systems, though it will only have such a topology in the pure informative states as ‘seeds’ of information, or ‘minds of perception’.

Now it must be stressed that the equations we consider are the same, but the interpretation varies. An astrophysicist considers only an absolute space-time, continuous and hence with a single time solution AND a single-space solution. Hence he will tell you that the Universe is expanding in an ‘accelerated’ way, and will finally become ‘dead’ in an extension.

But this is NOT science but ideology, in the sense that it comes from the ‘Postulate of lineal time’ (latter we shall see how indeed is an ideology proper of the military, since physicists have a worldly profession – to make weapons – and so Galileo, which was truly a professional weapons maker working for the Arsenal of Venice for the princely salary of 1000 golden ducats, dedicated to calculate the longest trajectory of cannonballs as any undergrad student knows with his exercise of 1st course on physics).

And so, this lineal motion bias of the military and its weapons maker (his first book was called ‘military instruments’, his second ‘ballistics’) sips in almost every philosophical concept of physics we shall debunk. In this case physicists ignore as if they were not there, the warping quality of galaxies that crunch the energy of vacuum lineal space into cyclical closed motions called particles and masses, which are according to Einstein’s principle of equivalence and the pictures we obtain of them, accelerated vortices of forces, which balance the accelerated lineal expansion between galaxies to create a steady state Universe.

Moreover, we see that those space-time solutions DO happen in different scales of the fractal space-time Universe, because in 5D fractal, relational space-time, we order the infinite different cycles and arrows-motions of time, and its Still forms in space with a new dimension (this is obvious, if we multiply the number of space-times, we need a new dimension to order them).

So we can see that the SAME Einstein Field equations do describe perfectly the quasar big-bangs of galaxies, even to smaller particles, which also follow the E=Mc^{2} dual explosive and implosive arrows of time.

__E) Experimental evidence.__

And then it comes the big question, since all our observations are ‘local’ (in the surroundings of Earth at best): it is the big-bang equation of Einstein the big bang of our galaxy? Or the big bang of the Universe? It is the map of the local background radiation that of the last cycle of implosion and explosion of our central black hole or the entire Universe exploding?

A detailed mathematical analysis of present cosmology, we will observe surprisingly that the data fits far more properly with a local galactic big-bang quasar cycle NOT with a Universal big bang. And so the last Hoyle’s theory of the big-bang (the sum of quasar big-bangs) is more proper. Some basic proofs are:

– Temporal analysis: French mapping of the cycle of galaxies, whose black holes explode in a 10 to 20 billion period, hence our galaxy should have exploded within that period. Moreover, in as much as there are galaxies, undergoing a second cycle with obvious traces of a previous explosion, 13 billion years for the big bang is too little.

Undoubtedly this is the ‘life time of our galaxy’, not the entire Universe.

– The same goes for the spatial analysis: black holes on the edge of the Universe are too big, for so little time to form, obviously the final remnant of an absorption of the matter of an entire galaxy.

– Shadows of the afterglow. There are no shadows in galaxies, which should be left by remnant explosion coming from the edges of the Universe.

We will bring many more proofs as we update in the future this post.

Thus the big-bang is a metaphysical theory, in which the number of false assumptions, is remarkable (for it to be the ‘mantra’ only-theory of physicists, something I ascribe as most errors of science to the ‘ego paradox – it makes them the high popes of science, the new religious authority on the meaning of it all)

Now I see here a pattern, so often disguised in human scholarship: a power trip or ego trip makes a discipline corrupted from the larger humanist point of view (all sciences must in their praxis serve mankind, the 99%); in this case physicists originated in the mostly white, Germanic culture of weapons and imitated the long swords, agglutinative long words and dogmatic brain of unbreakable false truths, based in visual, lineal, motion oriented, energetic time, of the dolichocephalic, Neanderthal decoupling of mental races of mankind (see cultural and central post). In brief, physics as it is taught today is the worldly religion of mechanical objects, biased to lineal, energetic visions, with some religious dogmas, similar to those of Shiva and Thor, the Indo-European Brahmins and druids of their earlier cult to motion and weapons.

Fair enough. And in brief terms: I have always fought physicists’ lineal, entropy theories and their weapons both in my theoretical and activist life, for those who know about it. They won those battles with the usual suspect methods (censorship, silence on cyclical time analysis and ad hominem campaigns against anti-nuclear activism). so cyclical time does not matter today, and the nuclear industry keeps working at CERN to produce black holes and strangelets on earth and blow us all.

The problem though is not as Smolin put it of ‘physics’ so much as of Physicists, like Durrenmatt well expressed on his theatre work. This said because physics is part of the Universe and a huge, large quantity of it, but NOT the most interesting in terms of information, due to its uncertainties of distance to man – which can learn more about the game of existence by studying its closer organisms, cells, individuals and historic societies; we do have to study physics.

But we are always under the boot of the worldly profession, the power of physicists, the lineal bias of entropy theories, and the uncertainty of remote scales to man (dark energy-matter in cosmology, uncertain measure in small beings bombed and hence interfered by the observer), which ALLOWS physicists to invent biased spooky theories, bending their information and disrespecting the E=Mc³ 5 postulates of truth of the scientific method (Experimental evidence, Minimalist simplicity, Coherence, Correspondence and Cyclical predictability).

In the cosmological world, we observe an order of time similar to that of life and the quantum world, both experimentally in the process of evolution of stars and galaxies and mathematically in Einstein’s metric equations of Universal space-time.

There are 2 space-time membranes, and since both are made of Entropy and form, both follow the 3 ages of time in its evolution. In gravitational physics, the 3 ages of gravitational space-time are defined by relativity. Those 3 ages are mathematically equivalent to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s space-time equations.

*
*

*All systems are a sum of quantic cycles that absorb, emit and transform spatial energy into temporal information: SP*≈Tƒ

**General relativity a fast over view. The symmetry of relativity in time, the 3 ages of EFE.**

The 3 ages of time in cosmology applies to EFE’s (Einstein’s field equations) 3 main solutions *3 *hypothetical *different Universes, they represent the structure of any space-time, including our galaxy, an island Universe through its 3 ages.*

It is also possible to make a complex mathematical treatment of the 3 ages of galactic systems: the 1st age of the system will be the Entropy age, the 3rd age the information age, and the middle age is one of balance, Sp=Tƒ, when the reproduction of most particles took place. We are in that period.

*– Max. Sp (Youth): *The Entropy age is Lemaitre’s big bang solution that expands space. *This solution in the fractal model of space-time applies only to the vacuum space between galaxies.*

*-Sp=Tƒ; *The steady state Universe is Einstein’s solution. It applies to the entire Universe.

*– Max. Tƒ: *Kerr’s solution of a rotary black hole, which is the third age of an implosive Universe that reverses time coordinates as matter falls back into the central Worm Hole of any space-time.

However because time space fractal and dual, while those solutions in a wider outlook will be applied successively to each age of the Universe, they are also applied in space to the fractal parts of the whole. Thus the big-bang solution applies to the intergalactic space, which astrophysicists study and erroneously apply to the entire Universe (given their dogma of a single continuous space-time).

The informative* solution applies to our galaxy. *But it does not mean a travel backward in time but an informative vortex, a cyclical clock of time – the galaxy *in which we exist with an arrow of information *different from the expansive arrow of the intergalactic space of dark Entropy and tired light.

And so we get adding all the expansive motions of intergalactic space and the implosive vortices of galactic mass, a relative balance that is the present steady state applied to the whole; since in each phase of reality all yangs have some yin and all yings seed of yang.

__Its Universal ratios/constants of Entropy and form.__

In the space-time of the Universe, in the same manner that any other three ages can be related by the different ratios of Entropy and information or vital constants of a being, those three ages are defined mathematically by the constant of action that relates the Entropy and information of the Universal space-time, Lambda & G.

Indeed, the constants of any system are ratios of transformation of the Entropy and form of any system, I/E=K or proportions of Entropy and form, Exi=K. Thus constants evolve and change as the Entropy and information of a system changes with time. In biology, is known that vital constants, change as an organism gets old and becomes wrinkled and warped, increasing its information and diminishing its capacity to process Entropy, changing its metabolic constants and speed of information/thought.

Dirac, Brans-Dicke, and others understood this in cosmology. Indeed, G is a ratio of the mass=information and Entropy= distance of a system. And we already saw how a change on those ratios allowed us to unify and measure the Entropy and form of the 3 membranes of the Universe (strong, gravitational and light forces).

A kind of cosmic repulsive force was first hypothesized by Albert Einstein in 1917 and was represented by a term, the “cosmological constant,” that Einstein reluctantly introduced into his theory of general relativity in order to counteract the attractive force of gravity and account for a universe that was assumed to be static (neither expanding nor contracting). As usual first intuitions are the best and indeed THE COSMOLOGICAL constant, in a fractal Universe, where space expands entropically and cyclical time vortices implode, DO represent exactly what Einstein meant – the expansive force of space that balances the contraction of the galactic vortices of the galaxies-atoms to maintain the entire 5D plane of cosmology in a dynamic balance.* *

In the equations of Einstein that define the three ages of a galactic space-time and perhaps an entire Universe, that relationship is given by the cosmological constant that measures the Entropy of the gravitational vacuum, l, which Nottale used to measure the minimal fractal quanta of gravitational Entropy. The constant changes with the 3 ages of any fractal space-time or island Universe. In a young, expanding space, l is positive, but so close to zero that it easily* becomes negative, causing a *warping or big crunch. And so l will also change through the 3 ages or *solutions of Einstein’s equation, till reaching the informative age of the galaxy in which we exist. *

*Recap. *The 3 ages of the Universe correspond to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s equations: The young big-bang; the reproductive, steady state or big-banging and the cyclical, informative age, occurring in BLACK holes – Kerr’s solution. They apply in space to the expanding space, imploding, galactic vortex and both together create the present balanced steady state.

So the core of astrophysics is the understanding of the world cycles of physical systems in time and its organic structure in space.

Let us then introduce that organic structure in space, symmetric to its ages in time.

**The 5D model of the cosmos in space – the organic structure of galaxies.**

Now the 5D model of the fractal, organic Universe, does not deny Einstein, it merely expands its views, and adds fractal organic properties to the galaxy explaining better the function of those black holes, its atomic substance and working according to the known-known facts of astrophysics, in which black holes have come to dominate most of the creative processes of the galaxy. In that regard, you can compare the galaxy to a cell in a much larger scale, with mitochondria stars, of light yd-matter which end up being devoured and becoming the energy for the creation of black holes, the informative vortices, equivalent to the DNA, that swarm in huge numbers in the centerl nuclei and control its shape and provoke the reproduction of stars, with its in-formative gravitational waves.

Einstein had asked for a cut-off substance, or ‘atom of black holes’, which he could not guess at the time as quarks had not been found, but now we hint that black holes are as he thought ‘frozen stars’ of the heaviest quark families (bct quarks), and that should be the ‘realist modeling’ of black holes. As those quarks will appear in increasing numbers in accelerators, which are crossing the dark matter barrier is very likely they will be produced on those accelerators, in any of its possible varieties of dark matter that range from strangelets (s-quarks) to toplets (TTT-quarks), through Higgs decay (H->Top and anti top).

Now, all this in mathematical physics implies a constant growth of the mass of the black hole along the equation that relates the temperature and mass of a black hole: M=k/T, that is as the black hole cools down, it converts via the weak force, lighter matter into heavier quarks that increase its volume and hence its area.

The last great advances in classic black hole theory were done by Kerr, a new Zealander which defined rotary black holes with or without charge. Those would be the top quark frozen stars with positive charge and the same density at macro-scale than a black hole acting as a relative ‘proton’ acts in an atom in the center of the galaxy. While the halo should be made of strangelet quarks (negative charged), acting in this symmetry between the 3 families of mass and 3 regions of the galaxy, as a relative negative ‘electron’ cover, with the ud-stars and planets in the middle, as seen in the next graph:

** ∆± 3: ****GALAXIES**

*In the graph the ‘sane’ understanding of black holes, which are born exceedingly hot and active, as all ‘seminal species’ in a lower scale of size, on the **compton wavelength as a heavy quark particle, and the similar form of the halo of strange matter. this simple scheme, following Einstein’s search for cut off substances for black holes and Witten hypothesis of a halo made of strangelets, now again all the rage in astrophysics (but simply denied by the self-produced safety documents at CERN, who merely say ‘stranglets do not exist), is the most likely structure of galaxies, as it follows all the natural symmetries and efficient, economic laws of Nature (Ockham’s razor). The author has further developed in his work on the scalar fractal nature of the Universe ordered by a ‘5th dimension’ of relative scales, those concepts in his work on astrophysics.*

Now the previous graph with its ternary elements, the Halo-membrane of maximal extension in space, which leaves energy and information enter through a cyclical space-time region, the plane of stars, towards a centre of information, is the fundamental system of the Universe, already described by Descartes, who said all is made of res extensa (space), cyclical vortices of timespace and a central point of reference that measures reality or ‘mind’.

So indeed, all can be seen as we have observed in different graphs, such structure. So the galaxy (and the similar atom with its electronic cover, centred nucleus of mass, and intermediate space-time where forces of gravitation and electromagnetism are constantly exchanged) we have just described logically IS not only the fundamental particle of physics, but the fundamental entity of any biological, social system – the key to the unification and understanding of the Universe, as a whole and all its parts, self-centered entities of time-space that put together create the puzzle of the Universe.

The DNA invaginates with Golgi conducts the vital cytoplasm it exploits, surrounded by the faster membrane of proteins, which act in its formal position as a membrane. The magnetic field surrounds the charge and encloses the vital space of electromagnetic fields the charges controls. So happens with a planet protected by its magnetic field that steams out of the central charge and surrounds it. And the galaxy has in its center a black hole.

And it is surrounded by a halo of dense fast rotating strangelet quarks, so the stars and planets within it will become converted into black holes in Nova explosions or strangelets, when the Physicist, duly programmed to extinguish the species according to the Fermi paradox, busy-busy recreates the big bang on Earth (yes I know to be more popular, I should not remember you of this, so you can wonder on the halls of knowledge unaware of the entropic motions of the Universe, but as Mr. Descartes, the very unpopular frozen philosopher would put it ‘c’est la vie’, what is at stakes here, not only the stifled knowledge of the mind, granted if you keep on reading).

Thus ‘Lineal Space, Es’, energy means an expansive motion that ‘extends space’, a planar lineal motion that we see as static space, as dimensions of length and width, or as an explosive decelerating motion.

Now that we know the fundamental difference between ‘open space’ and cyclical time, we can move onto the second fundamental principle of ‘physical sciences’, the Principle of relativity. Again, here a mathematician Poincare defined it at the same time that Einstein, and on my view more clearly, when he said that ‘we cannot distinguish motion from stillness’. And this is enormously important.

Now, once we had the ‘solutions’ (Kerr black holes), the study of those holes was limited by the c-speed turning event horizons, which ‘absorbed’ the light of electromagnetic matter after exploding it, and ‘digested’ it via the weak force, creating heavier particles.

**THE LIKELY STRING -PLANCK PLANE.**

How many physical planes of the fifth dimension there are in the Universe? The answer in ∆ST is likely ∞. Though this kind of metaphysical questions can only be considered in pure metaphysical grounds. So beyond the considerations of metaphysics and the limits of description of non¬Æ logic systems with human languages, non-E maths of fractal points and non-A-ristotelian logic of 3 time arrows, we are left to consider the scales of which we are experimentally aware, even the limiting scale (dark, ‘string’ world) which we do not perceive, but can hint at and describe logically and mathematically by plugging into 5D³ what scientists have observed and constructed in a normal continuum.

As it happens this dark world scale, outside galaxies and inside the particles of atoms is today overwhelmingly described by string theory, which has a ±side to it: as it is not observable it has only been developed through exploration of mathematically consistent scenarios, which are able to ’emerge’ in our world with certain coherence.

But precisely because of that freedom of thought given by the lack of experimental evidence, we have been able to develop freely the string theory unshackled of erroneous concepts of classic physics regarding dimensions, time and space, and it turned out that the result is perfectly coherent with 5D³ giving us systems with Space-open strings, and time-closed strings, with 10 dimensions, in which the fundamental symmetries are those between S-open and t-closed string and between ∆±i scales, the so called T-duality (we shall from here on call it ∆±i-duality, as ∆±i is its proper name, since it precisely refers to the fundamental fractal, scalar symmetry of ∆st: the infinitely small -i, is symmetric to the infinite large, +i).

For all this we consider string theory truth, but obviously on need as all other models of streamlining and small correction and ‘choices’ departing from the laws of the scalar, fractal $paceðime Universe.

It is then when we can easily assess…

**The ∆i=±≤4 scales of physics and its errors of human interpretation.**

*In the graph, the ∆±4 scales of physical systems, self centred @ the human ∆• pov and the 5D metric equivalence between its time speed and space distance which gives us its co-invariant energy, in all scales (S x T = K)*

Now once we know the basics of ∆st the ‘naming of those scales’ are of less importance, as we shall use quantitative results of classic physics and order them as physicists do by logarithmic decametric scales, whose origin we explain in our general article of 5D³ theory. It is though fundamental to understand its ∆±i duality (T-duality in the jargon of string theory), *as it is the key ∆-duality of the Universe, and so it is the best way to name those interrelated scales as a game of russian dolls, which connect the largest and the minimal parts for all the reasons studied in the general model.*

*So those scales are when we take them loosely self-centred in the ‘humind membrain’:*

-∆±4:**Dark world or String World, **shown in the graph above and below the known-known galactic world subdivided by the ∆±i duality, in:

* ∆+i=4, above the galaxy, which becomes a fractal point of this larger scale of ‘hyper strings’ (in the most extended models of mathematical physics) and…*

* ∆-4, which becomes the better explored world of strings, which are conforming ‘magically’ (: to almost all the laws of ∆st, which as usually will be used conceptually more than mathematically (we do NOT stop to repeat, mathematical physics done by ‘robot-like scientists’ of the mathematical method, which ignore however the concepts and meanings behind many mathematical parameters, are right.*

*So we hardly get into them, taking into account that most people don’t understand them anyway – what we want to do IS to use ∆st for what is worth:*

- To streamline and make sense of all that ‘magic’ hidden in the ‘experimental equations’ of mathematical physics, which as mathematics is an experimental language, do apply also here.
- To select among the ‘inflationary theories of mathematics’ which as all ‘free languages of information’, not constrained by the efficient choices of the Universe and the limiting parameters of its limited motions and ternary logic, those theories which are right.
- To interpret then the experimental evidence that acts as a final check on 1 and 2. Strings thus must be related to the scanty evidence we have of that world, and this means they must be connected with elements that we hint at but are invisible to us – hence should be part of the lower dark world below light, and this is the case of neutrino physics, which happen to have a ‘weak angle’ on the string scale, which can be and seem to be by clean ‘first data’, able to move faster than c-speed, hence belonging to the ∆-4 world, (of larger space, lesser information hence v:>s/<t >c).

**∆st proofs of string, tachyon, 10D, T-duality and neutrino-light theories.**

The funny thing about string and neutrino and gravitational theories when plugged into ∆st is that all what physicists stuck in a single light space-time scale (∆-3) consider weird and wrong about their theories. Such as in a non-exxhaustive list:

-Neutrinos faster than light, neutrino theory of light, tachyon strings, gravitons, ∆±i ‘t-duality’, which makes the infinitely small a mirror-mind of the infinitely large, 10 dimensional strings (properly considered as the 10 dimensions of ∆•st systems), strings as invisible gravitons, non-vibrational, ‘pure lineal’ strings as the infinite ∆-4 tachyon sea over which our world rests, etc. etc.

All those features of the dark world ARE MANDATORY FEATURES when we apply the simpler, isomorphic laws and 5D metric proper of all scales of ∆ST to the ∆±4 dark world.

So in fact all what makes them doubt of string and neutrino theory to the point of getting them very nervous whenever they find faster than c speed measures in neutrinos and quasar, IS what PROVES those theories rights and makes so beautiful string theory, once we selected the proper forms (10-dimensional string theories) and adapt them to ∆st mathematically by correcting its main error (redeveloping them not as a newtonian space-time theory but as a relational space-time theory: closed loops ARE time clocks and open strings ARE space quanta).

We shall call ∆-4, as Physicists do the Planck scale, and call its fundamental supœrganism, a **PLANCKTON** in order to unify and streamline the infinite kaleidoscopic mirrors of inflationary mathematics used to describe them, neither a ‘string’, nor a ‘neutrino’, or a form of ‘dark matter’ (begin dark matter just quark matter likely strangelets in the halo – the so called Witten hypothesis – and top quark black holes in its centre – which I call Einstein’s hypothesis as he rightly say that in a hylomorphic universe, they must have a cut-off particle substance to be real, which only can be in quantitative terms heavy bct quarks).

So Planckton, as plankton feeds the sea-chain of life being its minimal cellular unit, will be the minimal unit of the physical world and its scales AS A WHOLE fundamental first particle, to which we shall refer all other sub-parts, sub-equations, kaleidoscopic slightly biased mirrors and elements developed by inflationary mathematical physics at that scale.

To notice finally that from the •Mind perspective it remains to be argued if *the string scale, as we observe the electron mind NOT the Universe is merely equivalent to the description of the minimal mind scale, which is observing from the atomic-ego the visual picture of the galaxy; a philosophical question which shall be considered also for all the other dualities – are we seeing reality or all is a dial go between scales of the electronic mind? (:*

String theory then will provide and we shall describe the conceptual truths behind it the ‘background of Planckton’ over which at the next ±10¹° scale we find the ‘galactic light space-time’ world, or quantum scale:

**The scaling**

As we have said, the Universe is written in ternary scales, around the three ±3 values of e+e/10=3<π, since three are the space-time arrows, and so 3 x3 + the mind-whole 1, forms a 10th unit of a next scale. Scaling is thus mostly ternary and decametric, and when we carry it further into new scaling we come the commonest 10ˆ9,10,11 scaling of all systems. This can be measured in terms of temporal information/density parameters, and so we find population sod ‘fractal points’ on those scalings to form a new unit, in its maximal form (number of ties in dna, number of cells in many organisms of regular size, number of stars in galaxies). variations though are natural to the fact that the Universe keeps growing, diminishing evolving species, and only then select those of a perfect game.

Physical systems tend to be by its efficiency, abundance and hence survival, perfect forms of the GST GAME.

Further on, not only tƒ-density populations of singularity points are decametric, but for the same reason if we take a ‘dense=filled space-time’, the radius of each point=particle or its diameter will carry the same concept to the bidimensional surfaces of the Universe and tridimensional volumes. So when we measure in space we find also decametric and ternary scaling, in distances and speeds, the inverse magnitude/parameter of space.

And finally we find that for ST, momenta, waves and bodies, similar ratios can be established. But in GST they are NOT numerology as in current science. That is they have a why.

Now applied to the previous scaling, very roughly it allow us to break further those scales and to explore its limits.

It follows immediately for the quantitatively inclined the decametric form of those scales:

If we start in the • mind scale, likely a centimetre of cells in the brain connected to the outer world, its territory of order, WILL BE LARGER. Since the brain-mind is the ‘infinitesimal particle-point’ limit of such territory of order we consider the mind ‘super organism’ to be larger in scales than the mind So we can roughly notice those scalings of the mind to be from the cell through the meter/scale of the body to the kilometre, scale of the territory of most animals of our size. So in distances, which occupy a smaller one or bidimensional surface than the population packing of 10ˆ10, we observe for the humind a 10ˆ9 approximate territory.

Since we ARE mentally speaking a bunch of cells in the brain (our ego – another interesting result of the • perspective on those symmetric scales).

But when considering ‘volumes’ instead of flat territories, we just need to scale up and down the human meter, which is the objective ‘us’, bend the subjective mind, and go up and down, those 10ˆ9,10,11 scaling of all systems, to define our ‘physical scale or thermodynamic scale, between the limit of the atom and the limit of the planet, which is *the thermodynamic super organism, whose membrane of maximal angular momentum, is the moon, which has boy thermodynamic effects and also gravitational effects (tides provoked by gravitation the most obvious effect). *

*So we talk of 10±¹° for thermodynamic scales like our planet, a small one, with 10ˆ±9 (moon membrane and electronic atomic membrane.*

And then we should talk for the next T-duality, the quantum atom and the galaxy of a 10ˆ±18-20 scaling for the atomic quarks in the nuclei and the galactic halo; which is also what we find

And then a ‘dark world’ down to the planck scale, at 10ˆ-35 and so the 10ˆ25, supposed limit of the big-bang is by all accounts *too short, which means whatever our local region of galaxy-atoms is, it must be larger than the perceived big-bang horizon. Alas, yet another proof the Universe is infinite.*

Now we can play up and down, 9,10,11 potencies for those ten scalings, and centre them either in the human body meter or the cell and get results more or less accurate. So if we take the cell as center of scaling and the 11 potency we get the 10ˆ-33 cm. of the string/neutrino scaling, and so on… It is NOT that absolute, as what matters are the populations not the sizes and the regions of co-existence of two scales with richer effects, but in all those analysis it is the larger final cosmological scaling which seems smaller and does not fit, and so the universal ‘unit’, whatever that hyperUniverse is, must be larger.

Indeed if we must correct that dark world scaling, which obviously we cannot prove, it would be by considering *a larger scale for the string than the planck scale closer to the measures of neutrinos, and a larger scale also for the cosmos, closer to 10³°. *But those are still ‘theoretical no-measured arguments’. So :

10ˆ±5 ego mind.

Indeed the mind is our informative singularity so its territory of order goes upwards. The subjective ego-mind *happens not where the mind is located (cells) because that is the shrinking mirror, but in the external world of distances, which means our mind sees our world:*

10ˆ-5: 10ˆ5: extending a kilometre around, our territory of order.

Then to deduce that other 2 ±i remaining scales, we take from the meter/human size and extend at:

10ˆ-9 … 10ˆ+9, which is the thermodynamic world (atomic nuclei, geological formations), limited by the electron cover and the moon membrane (Jupiter size).

Then we have the quantum scale with the nucleus-photon & galaxy limits:

10ˆ-18-22 … 10ˆ+18-22, which is the atom-molecular/galaxy-giant galaxy limits and then the dark world which I would further extend, as the big-bang seems to be smallish and the Universe likely suffered not one as expressed by Hubble law, into:

10ˆ-27-33 and 10ˆ27-33, which we cannot prove experimentally as the other scalings.

It follows from those sizes that we must unify the following items in the dark world: the neutrino, the string, the graviton and *start to simply physics to find the efficiency and symmetry of 5d‚ models by UNIFYING mathematical particles, according to that Universal economicity always inferior to the inflationary nature of languages, not by multiplying with **mathematical* equations the zoo of imaginary particles beyond our perception.

We shall return to the dark world when we go back into its t-duality at ∆+4, in the outer region of the galaxy, on the cosmic scale, as we shall not accept the method of working the ladder of existential planes, in the way physicists do, from minor to major, *as this is a causal aberration, based in his false epistemology of reality which makes them think, ‘smaller parts’ create larger ones.*

THIS IS NOT TRUTH, as the 10 dimensions of all beings, its 3 scales 3 time ages and 3 topologies of space, converge together into a whole connected through the mind that ‘travels’ through all of them.

So* the proper way to study reality is accepting the epistemology of truth, which tells us that all planes are self-similar; hence the planes which we observe closer, are those we perceive better and extract more truth of it – the human ∆0, inner, cellular thermodynamical scale and the ∆1, mechanical v<<c matter scales. *

It is only when we understand those scales that we can practice properly the isomorphic method, by extending upwards to cosmic scales through relativity ‘paradoxes’ that adapt the scale to the bias of human slow motion-minds, and extending downwards, the thermodynamic scales, through statistical mechanics, and the solution of the uncertainties of quantum ‘mathematical physics’, that distort also with the mathematical mind-language, the biased perception we have of the lower scales, how we can truly build a ‘realist’ vision of the objective laws of the scalar Universe, accounting also from a mind-linguistic perspective for the ‘distortions’ perceived in our scanty view of the larger scale (where 96% of it is invisible to us) and the lower scales (where the fast time clocks make us often confuse a time phenomena and its ternary stages, with a spatial force as in the weak force -a time event not a spatial one, with no range and time constants, or in the 3 quark theory – a single quark transforming along its motion, reason why we cannot deconfine them, only feed them with energy and reproduce them further).

**The virtual Universe of Povs.**

Let us now return to the philosophical understanding of the Universe, with a simple question. Are the scales of the Universe infinite? And why we seem to see the same forms in the far away and closer view of it?

**∆º MINDS: CREATION**

‘The logic of Logos, mind of the Universe is of a higher order than man’s’ Saint Augustine

**Still mappings and its languages of information≈Perception.**

In the graph we can see the difference between Newton who THOUGHT the mind of man WAS the entire Universe, hence converting the Cartesian mind graph into the ABSOLUTE BACKGROUND SPACE-TIME that still lingers in science and Descartes who thought it was just of the many minds, possible with different geometries.

All what we have done till now is fair enough but external in its description. It lacks the ultimate evasive question – the will, which creates the ‘world as a representation’ biased by the entity to ‘break’ reality into the outer and inner world, and protect the survival of the inner world with those actions.

In other words, we need a mind able to perceive the whole as a whole separated from the outer world in which it interacts. And this was the understanding that started modern philosophy of science in the work of Descartes.

Descartes was not a simpleton. He was fully aware that what he had in the mind was not the whole Universe, so he expressly stated the fact, differentiating the ‘world’ of a human mind, from the infinite other worlds that exist outside, establishing in his little known book, the ‘world’, this difference, affirming that his ‘Cartesian Frame of reference’, was only that of the human mind.

So he affirmed that the Universe was the sum of infinite mind-worlds, which did not speak necessarily the same languages, and created the same mappings of reality we humans created.

*Descartes was a* contemporary of Galileo, and the true founder of modern science with his ‘Method of reasoning’ and the Frame of Reference of the mathematical mind, *said that all what exists was made of:*

*– Open §pace, which he called ‘res extensa’.*

*– Closed, cyclical ðimes, which he called ‘vortices’*.

And then he added a 3^{rd} element, the final stroke of a genius unparalleled since the ðimes of Aristotle; after realizing that the only proof he had of the existence of those vortices and res extensa was, the fact that he perceived them: *Cogito Ergo Sum. ‘I think therefore I am’.*

*– The mind or 0-point, the relative frame of reference that mapped the ∞ cycles of ðime of the Universe, reducing them to a ‘World’,* to fit them into the infinitesimal volume of the brain.

*ø-mind x ∞-cycles = World: equation of the Linguistic Monad: ∞ Mind-Worlds in 1 Universe.*

The EQUATION OF THE MIND explains the natural tendency of men to be self-centered and consider the world and the Universe around its ego. This is in fact natural to the way the Universe constructs points of view of measure, as still centers of perception, in which the I is bigger than Andromeda Galaxy. But science must account for those distortions of perception. Religions and tribes, nations and castes are NOT scientific points of view. But they do enter the mind of people who do science. And it is important to remember it, because the 5th dimension brings a much bigger jump into objectivity and lack of ego to our vision of the Universe.

Indeed, if information can only be obtained from a fixed point of view, it follows the Universe is made of egos. Or as Aristotle put it, God is the unmovable ‘ego’ that moves all the energy around himself and there are infinite Gods, particles that gauge information, heads that see, minds that smell… This must therefore be included in the next paradigm of science to build an even more objective, less anthropomorphic reality.

Now in 5D, we have even a larger point of view. As we affirm there are infinite clocks of ðime, and infinite broken §paces and we adopt the point of view of all of them. SINCE THERE ARE ∞ MINDS, gauging information.

This is illustrated in the graph. In the right side we see our Universe, which Descartes affirmed correctly in his book ‘the world’, it was truly the ‘mind of man’ and Kant realized it was a light-mind.

The mind though believes to be the center of the Universe in the ‘ego paradox’ as he sees every thing turning around its infinitesimal point, which hosts inside all the linguistic perception of reality, or ‘world’ IT CONFUSES WITH THE UNIVERSE. So the mind is a fractal point•, but believes to be it all.

Indeed, we summarize the formal and functional differences between entropy limbs, intermediate bodies and information (minds) in a morphological equation:

Maximal Space-Entropy = Minimal Form=limbs/fields Vs. Maximal form = Information = Minimal Spatial extension=head

For example, the chip becomes smaller as it evolves into a better brain. Every 2 years it doubles its capacity to think, as it dwindles in size. Such process follows a generic law of evolution I call the ‘Black hole Law’, which computer scientists know as the ‘Chip paradox’ or ‘Moore Law’: maximal informative capacity= minimal spatial extension.

The reason is obvious: to think, to calculate you have to communicate in-form-ation, forms between elements of any informative system. The smaller the brain, the faster the communication that takes place within that brain and the faster you can calculate and process information in a logic manner.

Why we die then must be ascribe to the fact *that the whole system is ruled by the informative mind, which therefore determines the arrow of ðime of the Universe towards higher levels of information, till it exhausts and stops all motion into perceptive forms. *

And the sub-events of this type will again be easily classified into mind-mapping events, dominant in the human scale of perception; seed-reproductive events dominant in the lower genetic scales and physical ‘attractive events’ that transform entropy into vortices of ðime, charges and masses dominant in physical events.

**Epistemology of creation: feed-back mind mirrors.**

In the graph –what is wrong with ‘physics’ and increasingly with mankind can be resumed in the ego paradox. The equation of the mind is rather simple:

We humans are just ‘finitesimals’ of the ego paradox: o-point x ∞ Universe = constant mind.

So the Universe is out there, one and single; but it does not fit in the mind. And the mind reduces it to languages to perceive it, which resumes the main properties of the Universe, which are first bio-logical rules of ðime§pace existence (the Universe is a game of survival of ðime§pace beings, which constantly try to reproduce their information in ‘fractal seeds’ that latter evolve socially; the Universe is a vital fractal, and the rules are simple), then logic (temporal rules only) and then mathematical (spatial rules only), and then the human vision of those rules (artistic §pace, verbal ðime, ethic, social evolution of parts into stronger wholes). And so all those languages are mirrors:

*In the graph, the back and forth relationship between the infinite single Universe, its infinite partial minds, which become perceptive through a language-mirror, and then in the left its individual ego-centered singularity mirror projecting aback through limited arrows/actions of ðime§pace, the linguistic image re-ordering a partial part of reality: its body and territory*. It is this feedback constant equation what creates reality and so we can also write another Γenerator equation, about the interaction of those three elements that orders each relative fractal partial being/territory of the Universe to the mage and likeness of those languages, images of the whole, they will therefore copycat with slight variations, in the being:

Single, ∞ 5D Universe <≈ Ternary Languages of perception ≈> Spe ‹ST›Tiƒ super organisms>Ø-Mind

This is the shrinking process, but *if we take the scalar view, the Universe become infinite smaller minds, growing in volume as we count the inner worlds, (Cantor’s paradox: the set of subsets is bigger than the whole set: the sum of all mind mirrors is bigger than the single Universe).*

So human minds alone are infinitesimal compared to all the languages and minds.

*We ‘are’ only in that territory of order with the stif-human mind and what we feel and sense, which we by homology imagine is the hidden mind of every synchronous form that lasts, and develops as the frequency of its happenings increase, a short of computer burn-in which becomes a consciousness of the stiff-process. *

Now for you to understand this we need to understand the limits of the mind, as a self-centred point of view on reality.

The ratio nature of physical systems IS the key TO a philosophical understanding of physical reality as an absolute virtual reality where to know you have to measure. In this sense while we prefer the more complete Bohm’s interpretation of quantum physics, which brings the much needed quantum field of the ∆-1 scale of >c forces; it is also important to nice that the ‘*moon does appear when we see it’ regarding ∆±>3 scales beyond the entropy-death limit of dissolution of a system and this fact will be the key to fully grasp why the mathematical description of relativity and quantum has made use of the ill-understood Hilbert’s concept, ‘I imagine points, lines and planes’. *

Particle-points from the pov of the observer are indeed particle points even if they ‘hold a Universe within themselves’. Do they exist? For all purposes the mind-monad doesn’t go experimentally beyond ∆±3, *to create its subjective mapping-linguistic-virtual consciousness of being. Reality on my view does exist, but we ARE linguistic perceivers and nothing else there is beyond, for all matters. And that is why we ‘feel’ the Universe to be mathematical, as we ARE projecting the mathematical mind which is the only thing we ‘extract’ (along other senses of man), from the Universe. I think therefore I am is thus indeed how far we can go. *

It is then when we realise it is often difficult to distinguish what is real behind the screen of linguistic perceiver.

I.e. Man is clearly made with 10 fingers to perceive 10-scales. We, as perceivers mainly measure in the S=10 logarithmic scales of the factual Universe. It is then a real reality of 10 scales? Logically the ternary 3 x 3 +0 symmetry seems to prove so.

**How many scales? The discontinuous of finite infinities.**

Another way to look at it though is to consider that in each point of reality there *is a ternary scalar structure of three time arrows as there is a ternary organic structure of three organic parts and then a discontinuous membrane in space, which cuts you partially from the outside reality, such as there is more information within you that between you and the outer world. So you are a finite being in space. So happens with birth and death, which are your finite limits in time, such as there is far more time motions within your life than in your emergent foetus state and your dissolving entropic death. *

*And for the same reason in scales of existence, an organism is really a finite ∆º±1 being, as below the cellular level and above the world level there are cut offs that make irrelevant the outer scale. Indeed, it does not matter much the galaxy you are in, beyond the solar system and its oort membrane that isolates you, and provides you within all entropy, energy and information. So for all practical senses, as you are not really outside your skin, beyond your death, you are not really concerned above the sun’s membrane. *

And viceversa, as your existence below the seminal, seed, informative level matters little, beyond the cellular, molecular level it does NOT matter what indistinguishable atoms you are made of. Your atoms can be any carbon atom as they are INDISTINGUISHABLE bits for the creation of the information you are.

*Hence the question of ∞ scales, which will be the most likely hypothesis as atoms and galaxies will show an astounding self-similarity, becomes irrelevant from the praxis of a ‘spiritual universe’ of intelligent motions, where ‘form, substance’ are secondary, and perception of information limited in each ‘ghost of existence’ to its ∆±1 scales.*

In practical terms *the key way to understand GST (ab. for the generator of space-time, or general systems theory) is to equip your mind with multidimensional thought. *The solution adopted by Einstein and Bohr was pure idealism of the Hilbert school – there is no substance, no reference, all is virtual language, mathematical thought.

If c-speed were the limit of the Universe, then there would not be another scale on it. This is self-evident. So we wouldn’t have a cosmological atom, but the scale of atom-galaxies would be the higher and vice versa, per symmetry we would be self-centred in scales, as we are in the middle of the lower scales. As this seems merely anthropomorphism, we can consider the galaxy-atom is the next ‘beginning’ of a vast game we cannot even imagine. In the next graph we can see different models of the fifth dimension.

The first one corresponds to one biased by ∆º, which observes equal amount of distorted information moving downward or upwards in scale, hence it seems to us equal the ∆±1 quantum and electromagnetic scale. This solution however can be a ‘closed’ hyperbolic solution in which the *mind is truly watching above and below the ‘same’ reality; or a self-similar solution in which each 11th scale coincides but the size is completely opposed, infinitesimal and infinite. *

*On the right side, we observe a lineal solution with similar concepts, the bottom and top are the limits of size and there are no more levels of perception. In the middle the one which better suits the knowledge I have acquired on those scales – a minimal Riemann surface, in which the imaginary scale repeats the surface, regardless of size (a parameter not considered), in a series of ’emerging centres, perceived from the upper scale as mere points-sink of the lower one.
*

∆nalysis becomes the most important branch of mathematical physics.

Since as we enter into more complex, accurate models it will be the bidimensional complex plane the best way to parametrize and model 5D reality, *whereas the real part will mostly represent entropic, expansive motions and the imaginary part informative, ‘smaller’ extensions (but denser in information); and its combinations energy waves*.

Alternatively the other great ‘unknown’ to represent space-time scales, is the duality of o-1-∞ scales of reality, such as the 0-1 circle represents a whole, part of a 1-∞ scale and both are in correspondence in various ways.

*In the central graph we see the simplest of such ‘models’ (2 Dimensional): *

*A Riemann’s minimal family of complex surfaces** with an infinite number of end-points particles asymptotic to parallel planes, each plane “shelf” connected with self points that act as catenoid-like bridges between 5D shelves. *

*Moreover, their intersections with horizontal planes are informative circles or entropic lines, according to the duality of its functions. Riemann proved that they were the only minimal surfaces fibered by circles in parallel planes besides the ‘ST-catenoid wave’, the T-helicoid and the S-plane (3 essential forms in the mathematical formalism of 5D). **They are also the only nontrivial embedded minimal surfaces in Euclidean 3-space invariant under the group generated by a nontrivial translation, a key element to formalize all the possible motions through the fifth dimension.*

As such the complex plane as we have explained is the best mathematical representation of the fifth dimension and its systems of parts (the plane) ‘shelf-centred’ in a particle-point-mind connected with paths that respect the principle of ‘minimal time-actions’ (Fermat’s principle) of all systems, and connected to other planes through ‘entropic lines’ and time circles. And the simplest, first ‘form’ of the topological ‘analysis’ of the fifth dimension in its more complex mathematical formalisms, we might develop, lifetime permitted in the four line of this web.

What is the special role of man on this infinite fractal? None. And *all, because the game of existence in the Universe, closely understood in Asian philosophies (as yin=visnu=information=time=female vs. entropy=yang=shiva=space=male were a close verbal account of it) suffices in itself for those who want to ‘live’, to maximise their existence. *

Indeed, life is beautiful when properly understood and fulfilling; but the game of existence as a space-time being is harsh and it can be cruel with those who do not play by the rules. One thing is for sure, the game is JUST, balance as it based precisely in the ‘coincidentia oppositorum’, the coming together of its two extremes, entropy and information, which mix to create the infinite forms of energy of the Universe. You will have though to read at least 30 pages of this introduction to change your chip, and understand… It suffices to say that the people who closer understood it in the western tradition, the Greek and German philosophers, above them Aristotle and Leibniz felt it was the most perfect of all possible worlds. And it is, *precisely because of its cruelty with those species who do NOT make the cut, and become extinct, for the game to have all its beauty.*

And that is where *the western tradition, which constantly tries to ‘dialog’ with an inexistent ‘mirror-God’ to get privileges, stumbles and makes the type of huge errors of conduct – since the game is one of behaviour, of form-in-action of in-form-ation – which come back to hunt them. As you should ‘do onto others what you want to be done onto you’, in the action-reaction processes of life and death. *

** 0. MINDS-POINTS OF VIEW IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS**

*0 ^{th} isomorphism: Self:*

*Œ-Point x ∞ World = Constant mind Mapping*

Black holes are ‘gravitational animals’ which become in the central swarm the ‘DNA’ of the ‘gala cell’, which controls its reproductive stars. The galaxy in that sense must be compared not only with an atom at physical level but with a cell at organic one.

Black holes are protons of the cosmic scales in a new ∆=10 game. They embody the ‘mind’ of the galaxy. They are the key to explain the stability of the Universe, almost immortal quark systems, the most perfect top predator of the game of existence…

**TIME VORTICES. CHARGES & MASSES – UNIFICATION EQUATION**

What about the Unification equation of charges and masses that converts each galaxy into an atom and so it reduces further the number ofvariations of scales to an infinite game of ¨¹¹11 variations on the same theme?

Here again mind-mirrors and reality make indistinguishable both worlds beyond which nothing can be observed, but I am on the opinion that the Universal fractal offers more variations; so the galaxy *is only similar to the atom*.

What about its immortality and infinity? Here again we can’t definitely assess it. All seems to indicate the game of russian dolls in which the largest beings have larger population of smaller beings is *not infinitely perceivable. Since*, the closed nature of those 10 planes in scales and the virtual existence of zero energy balance across all those scales makes a whole ‘one’, ∆º±11, the limiting fractal game of space-time events flows and super organisms, *even at logic level and that is what we shall call ‘God’:Γœ∆ (the logic limit, larger than the experimental one)*.

Now this is is a fast layman review of the alternative Universal model, which puts man in his just measure and truly upgrades and resolves all themes of cosmology, physics and science. As all other ternary models of cyclical time I have worked on – notably those of history and economics studied in other post here, in yet another resume of the whole adventure of man fro the perspective this time not of the evolution of the galaxy but of planet earth, **it has no problems with reason but with ego, anthropomorphic religion and people-castes in power.**

And those are elements I cannot solve as a mere scientist. Problem though of the present homunculus ego with his ‘pick-up by ego and happy wishful thinking’ theories of this planet, the galaxy, the role of man and his machines and weapons and the self-importance of our governing elites and indifference to the rest of mankind and our risks of extinction is that truth has nothing to do with ego, truth by definition is what it happens, truth is causal, can be causally determined and certainly is not impressed by authority. Since ‘those who impose truth with power’ are the laughs of the gods (einstein). So the gods, logos, mind of the universe is the one which will dictate its judgement day on entropy only-theories delivering to man his gods of entropy-death if that is what we want the Universe to be… they will say:

Let it be…

**Other elements of the Unification equation of charges and masses.**

We affirmed that the Universe is invariant to scale transformations and the 2^{nd} set of laws needed to describe it are those who relate 2 different membranes of space-time, which in astrophysics are the light-space and gravitational-space membrane, the microcosms and the macrocosms.

The Universe is invariant in its topological shapes of energy and information, structured in 2 discontinuous fractal scales of space-time, the scale of cosmological masses and quantum charges, each one made of informative cycles, clocks of time (masses and charges) and lineal, energetic forces (dark, gravitational Non-Euclidean energy and electromagnetic, Euclidean light space).

And so the forces of the Universe must be understood in those terms and in 2 membranes:

*Electromagnetism (spatial force: light) X Weak force (temporal particle: electron)= Electro-weak space-time membrane.*

*Gravitation (spatial force) X Strong force (temporal particle: quark)= Strong, Gravitational space-time Membrane.*

In the Physical Universe time=change shows in the accelerations and decelerations of all its particles and forces. Yet since time and space are inverse morphologies, those motions can be lineal, creating spatial forces or cyclical, creating particles that are temporal vortices. The different cyclical, temporal speeds of those vortices and the spatial extensions of its forces are measured by Universal constants, which are ratios of transformation of spatial energy into temporal information and vice versa (so we measure constants as ratios between a mass/charge of in-form-ative volume and a spatial distance). Thus, a unification of electromagnetic and gravitational fields follows

if we consider that their only difference is the density of space and temporal information of its forces and vortices that give birth to different constants/ratios.

Thus each Universal Constant is an informative/energetic, mass/distance, i/e ratio that defines a certain space-time membrane and plot them all according to those constants as different space-times of growing i/e density (so denser mass vortices have higher information and lesser distance, forming a denser, *strong* space-time of gluons, while the lighter, more extended space-time of larger distances is that of gravitational forces).

The result of plotting ‘forces’ as spaces of different density is a function, we shall call the Universal Constant of space-times, U(t/s), that varies in potencies of 10, giving us the specific i/e densities of each type of space-time force.

Physical Reality is made of dual energetic/informative states (complementarity principle particle-wave): Cyclic vortices/ particles develop lineal actions-waves in 2 scales, the microscopic quantum world of Electromagnetism and the macroscopic, gravitational world.

Once the duality of scales and forms is understood, we unify the constants of dimensional proportionality of both types of vortices and forces, studying transversal waves of ‘lineal speed’ in both scales of the fractal universe: the c-speed of small electromagnetic waves, and we contend, the superluminal ‘action at distance’ of gravitational waves.

Let us consider the first element of that duality, unifying masses and charges of gravitation and electromagnetism as vortices of 2 different scales of space-times. Masses and charges are vortices of 2 space-time scales made of 2 relative energetic and informative motions, where gravitation is faster/more extended but carries less information than the slower/less extended world of light and electroweak particles.

The main variation of those vortices of accelerated forces is the one we observe between electronic charges and quark masses, which are the cyclical vortices of those 2 scales of reality, the scale of cosmological vortices of mass and the scale of electroweak vortices of charges.

And so we have to unify those 2 types of cyclical geometries on one side and their lineal, light and gravitational forces, on the other side, as they switch acting either as sinks of space-time (cyclical, non-lineal vortices of increasing acceleration) or as lineal, gravitational or electromagnetic waves in both scales.

Yet since electromagnetism and gravitation are self-similar accelerated vortices of 2 different fractal branes of space-time, the microscopic and cosmologic branes, it follows we should be able to treat them with the same equations of gravitation, either Einstein’s more detailed vortices, defined by the Principle of Equivalence between mass and acceleration or with the classic analysis of Newton, as accelerated vortices with the same geometrical form, whose relative proportion of energy/speed/ distance and information/curvature will be given by 2 different Universal G-Constants.

Thus, we should be able to describe both, the standard Earth-Sun gravitational vortex and Hydrogen, electron-Proton quantum vortex with the same equations, defining them according to the mass of the particles, the rotational speed and 2 different Universal constants, U.C.(i/e):

U(g), the Universal Constant of gravitation that defines a larger/ faster/less curved Gravitational membrane of masses and…

U(q) the Universal constant of charge (Coulomb) that defines a smaller, slower, more curved membrane of quantum light. Since electromagnetism has more information and less energy distance.

Further on, we will be able to prove empirically our hypothesis of 2 self-similar spatial membranes made of light and gravitational quanta, whose only difference is the i/e relative density of information/energy of its cyclical vortices, if the values of the two Universal constants, in those 2 systems (the earth-sun system and the proton-electron system), correspond to their relative empirical value, when we treat them both as mass vortices (being the gravitational constant 10^{39} times weaker than the charge constant).

Let us then go on with the treatment of charges and masses as Newtonian vortices of space-time. In newton’s equations a mass can be considered a cyclic, accelerated vortex of gravitational space-time defined in classic Newton Mechanics by a centripetal, gravitational acceleration: *ω*^{2}*r*.

The same treatment can be done with Poison equations or Relativity equations, which are a static, present, simultaneous picture of Newton’s space-time vortex of acceleration, where G expresses the informative curvature of the space.

Thus if gravitational acceleration is *ω*^{2}*r*, then *F=mg=m**ω*^{2}*r= GmM/r ^{2}*, and we arrive at

*G=*

*ω*

^{2}*r*. Where

^{3}/M*r*is in meters and

*ω*is angular acceleration in radians per second.

If we substitute for the Earth-Sun system’s rounded values, (the Earth’s angular velocity, *ω* is 2 x 10^{-7} radians per second; its orbital radius is 149 x 10^{9} meters and M, the Sun’s mass is 2 x 10^{30} kg.), we obtain, a value for G that measures the Sun’s Space-time contraction (in static space) or formal acceleration of the vortex, equal to 6.6 x 10^{-11} kg^{-1} m^{3 }rad. sec.^{-2}, in accordance with experimental evidence. Roughly the same value of G, till now calculated empirically, is obtained for all planetary orbits.

This shows that the entire solar system is a series of self-similar gravitational vortices of space-time caused by planetary masses.

Then if we apply the model for G to the hydrogen, proton-electron atom the orbital parameters are: *electron’s angular speed=4.13×10 ^{16} rad.sec.^{-1}; Bohr radius=5.3×10^{-11} meters and*

*Proton mass=1.6 x 10*. And so substituting those values in

^{-27 }kg*U(q) =*

*ω*

^{2}*r*1.5 x 10

^{3}/M, where U(q) is the Universal constant, quantized for the electromagnetic scale as ‘q’, we obtain a value of ±^{29}

*kg*

^{-1}m^{3 }rad. sec.^{-2}.Thus, if we treat charges as vortices of a denser space-time membrane, we obtain theoretically a U.C. (i/e) of around 1.5 x 10^{39} times the value of the gravitational *G, U(g)*, self-similar to the empirical value.

Yet a theoretical calculus of those values cannot be exact ‘by chance’, unless our thesis is right. Thus, the previous calculus is a clear proof that both, charges and masses, are unified as values of the same type of space-time vortices in the 2 different scales of space-time of the Universe. And they are geometrically unified from the p.o.v. of geometrical relativity not from quantum theory, as Einstein wanted it^{2}. Thus, the Unification equation in terms of Newtonian mechanics is simple:

*Unification Equation: *

*UC _{G,C} = *

*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}/M*UC*=

_{G,C}x M*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}M=*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}/UC_{G,C}Where we obtain for 2 UC(i/e) values, G and Q, 2 different space/time scales and vortices acceleration (mass and charges).

2 obvious, simple proofs of that dual, scalar structure:

– Planck’s minimal value for Mass is far bigger (10^{-7} g.) than the minimal value for an electromagnetic action (h), which seems to mean that the mass scale is far bigger than the quantum world.

– The entire standard model works without gravitational forces. Thus we have to postulate that particles are not ‘mass-particles’ but electromagnetic systems, which become elements of mass only when they aggregate in huge numbers, as it happens with electromagnetic photons, which become electrons of the upper scale in huge nebulae.

But we see masses as static forms. This is due to the Galilean paradox: a space-time vortex-mass becomes then statically a space-time distortion, a deformation of space-time which increases as we decrease size. Since the *deformation of space-time is the same for any cycle. Hence, when we trace a smaller cycle the deformation increases.* And so it does the mass and the U(w), now a static constant of deformation. This is the interpretation most often assumed of G in Einstein’s Relativity. In a simpler, classic approximation based in fluid dynamics, M/r^{3 }becomes the density of space/time and its inverse, R^{3}/m, the displacement of space-time provoked by a given mass. It is then evident by Archimedes Principle that a bigger mass density will provoke a bigger displacement and distortion of space-time an inversely a bigger acceleration towards the central vortex. And since the density of a proton is much higher than the density of a planet, the Universal Constant for an atom is much higher and so it is its angular speed. Does the electromagnetic constant, or static curvature of an atomic system, is much stronger. So it is the density of a proton mass.

This reformulation of electromagnetism simplifies and clarifies the meaning of physics. Yet to grasp the relationships between the quantum world and the cosmos we have to transform, using the new coulomb constant, C=1.5×10^{29}, electromagnetic parameters to the jargon of gravity, departing from its fundamental relationship:

*F=UC _{C} Mm/r^{2} = e^{2}/4pe_{o}r^{2}*

Then we can translate the main constants of electromagnetism (the Rydberg constant, the α constant, which denotes the strength of the electromagnetic field, etc.) to the gravitational jargon and again the results obtained are close to the theoretical value.

So it is evident that we are observing the same geometric force at different scales, *explained with 2 different historic jargons*. Further on, as we ‘transform’ the concepts of electromagnetic vortices to gravitational, geometric symbols, the main discoveries of Relativity apply to electromagnetic vortices.

Now it must be stressed and we shall consider it in the next paragraph, that in a Universe with ∞ linguistic world perspectives *‘truth only exists in the being in itself’, which carries all the information about it (epistemological value 1), as Haldane already noticed about the Universe. So all mathematical descriptions of different slightly changed linguistic mirrors show similar images. *

**Mass, Charge and Temperature in Planck’s units**

In the case of the unification of scales as time vortices of accelerated time speed, we have shown the simplest one. I have in my archives of 30 years of personal research similar works using 5 other formalisms, Poisson, Lagrange, Einstein, Heaviside and one which might seem trivial, but is so simple we shall bring it also in this introduction: Planck’s numbers. As in both, we obtain the value of Mass and Charge directly from the fundamental constants of the Universe:

Planck Mass: Mp: √~~h~~c/G

Electric charge Qp: √~~h~~c/ke

It is a beautiful equation because of its simplicity and profundity.

Now the fundamental equation of the Universe is Tƒ x Sp = ∆ and here we can reduce indeed the 4 fundamental constants of the Universe, c, h, G and Eo to that equation:

Sp (c) x Tiƒ (h) / ∆+1 G = ∆+1 Mass

Sp (c ) x tiƒ (h) /∆-1 Eo= ∆-1 Charge

Since speed-motion of light is the unit of spatial motion in the Universe, and h-planck of Form, of time cycles and bits of information, reason why it is a quantised formula.

Thus those two vortices of time, Masses and charges, are the product of the quanta of space and motion and the quanta of time and information of our Universe below and above us, which also means that G and Eo, are the two different curvatures.

it is interesting to see that the minimal charge unit makes 11 electrons roughly which we can take as the natural decametric unit of a charge with an organic motion as a flow of charge. Mass though is much larger as it corresponds to a larger scale of the 5th dimension.

The relationship between ∆+1/∆-1 constants, G/Eo is therefore another constant deduced from those to fully grasp how closely related those vortices are.

Many other constants like ∆µ and the fine structure constant are immediately understood as they can be deduced from those ones.

Thus we are in a world with two limits one of speed-motion and one minimal quanta of information, ~~h~~* and those are the 2 elements the Universe uses to evolve its beings.*

What this means will be clear when we explore with more depth the ‘perceptive actions’ of those time vortices, of which our minds are doing with the pan geometry of Lobachevski in the 5th and most important isomorphism. In essence, h is our constant of perception as electronic beings and c, the volume-speed an electronic/gravitational mind can reach; being therefore G/ke, the ratio the system *absorbs the energy-information of the Universe in its purest scale of space-time.*

Now we shall latter consider the meaning of the Planck units which are far more objective than human units, where c is the speed of space, instead of length, h the quantum of information and time (angular momentum) better than lineal time duration and G and K the relative metric of the 5th dimensional scales, to which we must add the Boltzmann constant for the Thermodynamic states, and construct with them, an objective analysis of physical 5D. Enough said now to introduce the main time clocks of the 5D Universe.

Perhaps the most interesting simplified value under the new U(q) charge constant is the Proton radius that appears with the same formula, than a black hole, Schwarzschild horizon. This means that a quark particle (a hadron, a proton, etc.) is basically a black hole of the quantum, gravitational scale and vice versa: a cosmological black hole might be a deconfined state of billions of ultra-dense quarks. In such fractal Universe, each small particle could from the perspective of a small observer a macrocosmic form. And each atom could be a galaxy. Such fractal Universe validates the Theory of Great Numbers, which are the parameters of self-repetition of the Universe, which might be from a lower perspective a mere atom or black hole of a hyper-Universe.

** ***In the graph, the co-invariance of the 5th dimension between size in space and time-speed such us: Sp x Tƒ = ∆±∞, that is the faster clocks of time run the smaller the entity is, allows to unify the scale of charges and masses at the atomic and galactic scale. The Unification of forces thus is a cyclical equation o the 5th dimension, latter studied in detail, not a lineal equation of temperatures.*

Yet self-similarity is not equality, an atom is self-similar to a galaxy but NOT likely a galaxy – reason why for example quantum cosmology is false. Quantum cosmologists consider ‘identical’ the scales of the cosmos and the quantum world, so they use quantum equations for all. This is a hyperbolic error. We have equations for each scale and what we can show, as we did here, is the self-similarities of scales.

All in all, it is evident that what we call a black hole or pulsar is made of quark quanta; it is a fractal of quarks. Thus we can apply to its vortices the laws of Newtonian fluids or the more complex equations of a Non-Euclidean vortices of space-time, as we do with any other ‘medium’ called a ‘phase space’ in physics. They can be considered akin to a hurricane, which is a ‘medium’ of air molecules, or to a tornado, which is a medium of water molecules. All those mediums have limits of speed, which are the same for their lineal forces and cyclical vortices:

Light space-time has a c-speed limit, which is also the limit of speed of a rotational electron vortex and a 0 K limit.

Dark energy and quark matter belonging to the gravitational membrane seems to have a c<10 c lineal and rotational speeds.

Because each space-time membrane has vortices of information and energetic, lineal forces, we need equations of self-similarity, relating informative vortices of charges and masses on one side and gravitational and electromagnetic waves on the other. This is done with gravito-magnetism, which relates cosmic gravitational, lineal waves and electro-magnetic fields. So, the gravito-magnetic formalism just needs to be properly fit within the wider concept of 2 self-similar fractal space-times, to define in self-similar terms, light waves and dark-energy waves of gravitation; as the elementary, actions-units of the 2 fractal scales. Because of the corrections, higher complexity and general ignorance of the gravito-magnetic formalism, here we shall only consider the case of the light-membrane.

*Recap*: the 2^{nd} fundamental duality of the Universe is its structure in 2 different branes, planes or scales of space-time: the electromagnetic space and the gravitational space, which show different proportions of energy and information and yet, because of the self-similarity of all those branes can be easily unified as 2 self-similar forces acting in 2 different scales.

**Einstein’s Equivalence: Bidimensional mass. Dimensions of gravitational space-time.**

In the graph the 4 obvious descriptions of mathematical physics regarding gravitation: iƒ (relativity)≈ Ti (newton) <-> Se (Poisson)≈ Sp (Lagrange):

iƒ -relativity is a still formal, *informative,* description in ‘present’ of the gravitational space-time)

Ti- Newton is a moving vortex of Time, less detailed and more dynamic.

Se-Poisson is a potential static field of entropic motions, with a gradient-direction.

Sp- Hamiltonian-Lagrangian is a dynamic description of the conservative energy of the system.

“I want to know God’s thoughts . . . the rest are details.”, said Einstein. Yet those thoughts are logic principles, the details are mathematical equations, which evolve with new developments in calculus, while the principles stay.

In that sense, it is a common mistake of Pythagorean physicists who believe God speaks only mathematics to consider that Einstein’s work on general relativity is unrelated to Newton because he uses different mathematics. Thus, Pythagorean physicists, who consider mathematics the only language of reality, think that Einstein explains a completely different view of the Universe, which invalidates totally Newton’s work. This view is wrong and leaves unexplained the very obvious fact that Newton’s description of gravitational forces works so well that it was considered an absolute truth till the twentieth century and is still used for most calculus of forces on Earth *because both are based on the same logic principle of equivalence, which in the hierarchy of science dominates over the different detailed mathematical descriptions of it. *

Moreover, it is known to the historian of physics that Newton’s equations were evolved by Poisson and Poisson was the departing point of Einstein, which is the departing point of fractal relativity, the twenty-first-century version sketched in this book. Yet the principle of equivalence between accelerations and masses is *not the departing point of Higgs and Hawking’s entropic black holes, which deny Einstein’s principles, and so regardless of their mathematical complexity, they are wrong because their logic principles are false*.

So we must consider a different view on the evolution of gravitational theory. Newton, Poisson, and Einstein’s theories are right because they describe the same *logic principle of equivalence*, with the best mathematical models available to each age. And since logic is in the hierarchy of the scientific method, superior to mathematics, from where it derives—as Gödel, Russell, and Frege proved, deducing the laws of mathematics from those of logic—what matters is to understand the logic principles of the Universe, which will then be described “in higher detail” with each new paradigm of mathematics. What this means is that as mathematics have grown in detail and precision, new physicists have applied the new mathematics and increased the detail of their calculus.

Yet the physical principles, events, and concepts that truly define the phenomenon physicists describe have not changed. So when those principles are changed by false principles as Higgs and Hawking do in mass and black hole theory, the results are false regardless of the mathematical detail they use to reinvent the Universe.

This is clearly shown in theory of mass by the three phases of evolution of the principle of equivalence between mass and acceleration, all of which can be used to calculate trajectories of masses, because all of them follow the three legs of the scientific method. The first paradigm was Newton’s paradigm, which used a simple formula of a gravitational vortex to describe them. And they worked fine for most calculus and they are still used. Then Poisson, Lagrange, and Hamilton refined those calculi. And finally Einstein used Poisson formulation of the gravitational force and took it a step further with the use of non-Euclidean maths.

What we have done is to take Einstein’s work further by using the next age of evolution of mathematics, fractal and non-Euclidean mathematics and the laws of endophysics, which includes the limits of human perception on those equations (Galilean paradox, changes in the speed of time around black holes), which solve the problem of the uncertainty of measure introduced by the observer.

But any of those three-plus-one ages of the principle of equivalence between mass and acceleration are good enough to explain what mass is; and none of the quantum alternatives, despite the complexity of its maths, is truth because they deny the principle of equivalence between mass and acceleration, considering mass an external property given by solid particles (the Higgs) that transfer it magically to all other entities of the Universe, not an internal property of the topological structure of space-time, its accelerated, cyclical motion.

Any of those models—Newton’s forces, Einstein’s relativity, or our non-Euclidean fractal description of the two membranes of the Universe—bring enough understanding of what a mass is. Yet because Pythagorean physicists ignore the underlying logic principles that rule their equations, they believe in the mathematical model of the day and when new mathematics appears, they think the old model was totally wrong. So they thought, as Alexander Pope put it, that “God created Newton and there was light,” but when Einstein came with new maths, they threw Newton’s work as if it were a fantasy when it had worked perfectly for three centuries in calculating all kinds of motions in the Universe. Newton had embedded the same true principles in his work—the principle of equivalence between accelerations and forces, masses and motions (F=m × a).

Next, Poisson and Hamilton applied the new refined tools of differential calculus to the study of the motion of planets, which was previously described by Newton with simpler operandi. So they found out another key principle of the Universe of energy and information—the law of minimal energy, which states that any system of the Universe tries to keep its internal energy and information, follows the path that saves more energy between two points.

Then when Riemann developed non-Euclidean mathematics, Einstein applied them to the previous work of Newton, using the notation of Poisson, to find a more precise analysis of gravitational mass vortices, by making a series of “simultaneous,” present pictures of those cyclical motions and adding the influence of the gravitational membrane that underlies our world of light and electroweak masses.

We could resume the differences between the classic formulation of Newton and the modern one, considering that Newton formulated the description of the whole, and its dynamics in an extended space and time duration, while Einstein formulated the detailed topology of the vortex in each non-Euclidean point of its space and in the simultaneity of each present moment of duration.

The description of those vortices in the scale of charges and quarks can be also done with two degrees of detail, as we do here, considering them whole vortices or as the so-called QCD theory of strong forces does, in detail, considering each fractal quanta (gluon and quark) at each moment of time and aggregating them together. Yet while the whole description of quarks we shall do here is less accurate than the detailed one, brought about by quantum chromodynamics, it provides a more logical, comprehensive overview, which is the aim of this book, since all those mathematical descriptions are truth as long as they describe accurately the equivalence principle between forces and accelerations. If we compare them with a verbal description, we could say that all of them have the same core sentence, the principle of equivalence, but the description of it grows in detail. If Newton, for example, said Jesus had dark hair, Einstein refined the analysis and said Jesus had dark hair with brown touches in his forehead, and fractal relativity refines the sentence further, saying Jesus had long dark hair with brown touches on his forehead and a white stripe on his temples. But the essential concept remains: Jesus had dark hair, that is,

*All the past forces-fields of entropy energy and future particles-clocks of the Universe are accelerated motions balanced in present inertial waves.*

This principle, so stated, is what physicists dropped with a single arrow of entropy; and due to the excessive specialization of their mathematical models of enormous detail the general vision of the forest of all physical events, the equivalence principle is lost. For that reason, I have always preferred the opposite approach: to study first the forest, the principles of physics, with a limited mathematical precision, achieved by not using computers in my calculations and accepting as supreme guides the laws of the scientific method (Objectivity->Symmetric Minimalism; Linguistic Correspondence; Cyclical Experimental evidence: Œ=Mc^{2}) and the well-established principles in which previous theories were founded. And only at the end, once the forest is mapped, I have considered some of its specific trees in more detail.

It is thus the comprehension of the principles of equivalence between the forces of the Universe and the two types of accelerations (F=m × a) and its invariance under change of position or scale in the Universe, not the mathematical details that casts further light on the meaning of mass and charges in the Universe.

Let us then summarize so far the meaning of that principle in Newton and Einstein’s work. Newton defined that principle with a simple formula: F= m × a; that is, the forces of the Universe are made of two elements, which we must consider to be both accelerated motions. Yet since we only know two types of accelerated motions, lineal acceleration (*a*) and vortices of cyclical acceleration (V × radius=k), masses should be curved, accelerated vortices of gravitational forces.

This was Einstein’s view. It led him to formulate with Riemannian tensors the four-dimensional space-time structures of gravitation and masses, measuring the structure of space under that principle in a simultaneous moment of time. Thus, he made still pictures in which we can gauge the curvature of the vortex to its finest detail, adding smaller corrections to the whole dynamic Newtonian view.

Thus, Einstein just made a more detailed analysis of Newton’s vortices of mass, turning around the sun, using Riemannian geometries and the concept of simultaneous present time. We could say in a way that he made a more precise picture, a still present photograph of the spatial form of those vortices, but the essential truth, the principle of equivalence between forces and acceleration remains the same from Newton to Einstein to fractal relativity. And so it is that principle and not the evolving mathematics of any of those three models what we have to consider in detail to fully grasp the essence of all the forces of the Universe. What fractal relativity does is to add the advances on theory of information, to go even further, respecting the work of those pioneers and founding fathers.

Now as we advance through different systems of physics we will realize that those 4 views are common to all of them, albeit, some have a better use than others. Of them the most all-encompassing one is the Lagrangian Hamiltonian as it is the vision of the whole time worldview of the entity (described with the peculiar concept of energy≈ time in physics, as it should distinguish ALWAYS potential, informative and kinetic energy momentum, as it does in the detailed analysis of its quanta, the scale angular and lineal momentum. So we shall before going into those studies make an analysis of the meaning of magnitudes and conservation laws to fully graph them in terms of T.Œ.

This of course does not mean the others do not work, but as a general rule, far away perception observes wholes (you do not see the hairs of your friend coming down the road but its head and before that its whole, so the Whole –energy worldview and the head – Tƒ element, in this case Newton and Hamilton – are by far the most widely used. And for that reason we have used the Newtonian easiest perspective that comes first – the head in motion that is talking so to speak – to unify forces. In 4th line we will make copious use of the other 3.

In that regard the power of T.Œ to classify and understand the why of all mathematical physics marvels the ‘rational, non-computerized still human thinker’ (-: As this is not the case of most experts, ts, ts, we are not writing so much for physicists, but about physics and for all humans with a minimal degree of knowledge of physics, to the level of any graduate of natural sciences, which is expected to know the basics of mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and some notions of relativity and quantum theory – this final discipline, made extremely detailed in its content for two reasons:

- Information travels upwards with no entropy so we do have a lot of information about quantum particles, and a lot of things to describe, billions of particles with relative freedom of motion, to explain together with enormous detail because…

- The electronic industry is creating sophisticated organisms of metal, chip-brains, robots, and nuclear weapons, which require precision calculus of the exchanges of energy and information of those particles in bundles of billions. So this is by far the most overgrown of all disciplines of technological science, while far more fundamental sciences for mankind such as history, social economics, human studies and medicine are under developed.

We thus will consider ONLY on this overgrown discipline the basic conceptual elements required to understand particles as all other planes of the Universe, through its organic, mental, topological and causal properties, to show they are NOT special. As in any case it would be a disrespect to the reader, to get into the parlance of modern Latin, as in any case its goals (to unify all forces etc. under wrong dogmas and postulates) is impossible.

**Masses Are Vortices of Physical Information. ****Dimensional Form Becomes Speed: Creation and Destruction in the Organic Universe**

*The Universe creates dimensional form by reducing the motion/speed of a physical system and vice versa: it creates motion/ speed by eliminating dimensions of form. So a 3 dimensional nebulae of matter collapses into an accelerated mass vortex, in which, according to the Equivalence between gravitational forces, masses and cyclical acceleration (Einstein’s relativity), is an attractive whirl of spacetime.*

*The equivalence principle establishes a Universe with two limits of eternal movement: a lineal speed of gravitational and electromagnetic forces and a cyclical speed of masses and charges, which are vortices of space-time. Energetic forces create space, and vortices are clocks of time that carry information, eternally transforming into each other in self-similar events:*

*Σ** spatial forces (lineal movements) ≤=≥Tƒ (cyclical clocks of information).*

*The sums of all those events maintain an eternal dynamic balance of cycles and lines.*

*Yet since lines have one dimension less than a clock cycle, the process can be also perceived as a game of creation and destruction of dimensions of form. In the graph, a three-dimensional slow nebulae accelerates its motion as it becomes a bidimensional vortex of faster, more attractive mass. Such transformation is common both in the cosmological world as stars become black holes and the quantum world in big crunches when electrons become quarks. r.*

The Galilean Paradox is essential to understand the Universe as fixed lines are also ‘—motions’ and bits of information are time clocks. And one can transform into the other: Se x =Tƒ. They do so through the 3 ages of life or energy’s standing points of a Hamiltonian:

Spe<ST<Tƒ= Youth: Max. Se/Tƒ > Maturity: Se x Tƒ (Se=Tƒ) >Old age: Tƒ/Se

But in physical systems they do so through external motions mostly by loosing or acquiring back and forth in space, dimensions of form or dimensions of speed.

There are two concepts that do not appear in classic physics but are essential in understanding how the universe converts energy into information (motion into form): the paradox of Galileo, which allow us to describe those processes as “frozen pictures,” which is the informative point of view, or as changes in the speed or motion of things.

The graph shows the two events combined: when a system acquires forms, it slows down. When a system loses dimensions, it speeds up. Yet to understand this essential process, we must first clarify an error made by physicists who do not use the concept of dimensional form to define “information” but the algebraic “data” concept of a “bit of information.”

Fractal information is related to dimensional form while algebraic information is the simplest dimensional form: bits of broken patterns emitted by waves, which encode those patterns in the distances between the crests or frequency of the wave. But those patterns are the “minimal” pattern of information of the Universe. In that regard, the capacity to store information *of any system follows a power law*:

*Information » X ^{ Fractal dimensions of the system}*

Yet in the same way, physicists have reduced all the arrows of time, previously defined to a single energetic arrow measured by a single “clock-time”; they have reduced all the forms of information to a single broken frequency pattern. Biology, a more sophisticated science of information, today is able to study how molecules and proteins store information in several dimensions; and that previous law can be deduced of biological studies. Yet *physicists have not gone beyond the simplest one-dimensional information of lineal waves. They have not even discovered that mass stores much more information than waves in physical bidimensional vortices.*

In duality, we study both sciences, physics and biology, and we can compare and use laws of both sciences to find self-similar laws in the other discipline. In that sense, Shannon’s standard definition of information is a computer-based definition, of technological science, useful to store information in numbers, with a limited application to the understanding of the universe, *which stores information in four dimensions in very complex patterns and enormous volumes.* Information is in that broader Universe form, in/form/ation. The simplest information is the one-dimensional broken bits of data that divide a line of energy into a pattern. This is what a computer does and what a physicist would understand as information. But in nature, a more precise concept is that of fractalization. Information increases when a continuous flow of energy breaks into patterns and acquires dimensions, bumps and points.

The arrow of information is a transformation of a surface of space, of energy into inner form: a change from lineal, chaotic movement into cyclical, repetitive one; from expansive waves into imploding particles; from disordered, equalized forces of indistinguishable forms extending in space into an ordered hierarchical system of non lineal mass vortices. Its inverse function is the explosion of energy, the dissolution of form, the arrow of *death*.

Though physics recognizes the inverse arrow of entropy as negantropy—that is, the negation of entropy—it is long overdue to name it properly as *form* that crystallizes and organizes chaotic lineal energy into cyclical, repetitive patterns of *in-form-ation*.

Indeed, Mehaute^{10} and other theorists have proved ad nauseam that when a system stops creating energy, entropy, it keeps the arrows of future flowing, creating information, fractal patterns of form*—the future never stops. This also applies to physics in the way form becomes motion and motion becomes form.*

The unification equation relates the different scales/membranes of space-time. Yet for each membrane and particle, we must clarify a final concept, the meaning of dimensions of information and how they disappear, converted into speed and energy or appear as motion and energy slows down, creating form. In the Universe, there are multiple physical species of different fractal non-Euclidean dimensions.

The new mathematics of complex physics means though that a flat plane of two dimensions has a minimal height, as each of its points of the flat network is in itself a world of a smaller scale. Thus, a flat vortex of mass, a bidimensional quark, has smaller gluons and strings, which have smaller dimensions. For that reason, there is equivalence between different mathematical descriptions in different dimensions. A fifth-dimensional description of strings is equivalent to a four-dimensional description of quarks, which is equivalent to a three-dimensional description of an electronic atom, and so on. It is a general law that all systems of physical mass pack energy in fractal dimensions of form:

Strings (one-dimensional dark energy in a 5-D Universe) -> bidimensional quarks and gluons in a 4-D world -> three-dimensional electrons

This translates sometimes into different equations for a physical vortex and different power laws and relationships between masses (the static, formal, dimensional perception of a vortex) and speeds (its perception as pure motion). For example, Vo × Ro = K is a bidimensional vortex, which we used to explain in its simplest terms the equivalence principle.

However, the unification equation of charges and cosmological masses happens in a three-dimensional world. So we used a three-dimensional vortex equation, U.C. × M = w^{2 }× r^{3}, which is the vortex used to unify the three-dimensional worlds of cosmological bodies and electronic matter we perceive.

Finally, in the next chapter, when we compare the two families of quarks, top quark particles and strange quark particles, the relationship between their rotational speed and masses follows a three-dimensional power law (w^{3} = M). So the world of top quark particles turn at 10 c-speed but it has 1,000 times the mass of the world of strange quark particles that turn at a maximum of c-speed, which obviously means that the world of top quarks has one dimension more than the world of strange quarks. This is further proved by the famous Maldacena conjecture, which studies top quark black holes as five-dimensional string systems, self-similar to four-dimensional quark gluon soups.

All these are details of advanced fractal physics, which help to determine the specific masses and speeds of the quark-gluon liquids made at CERN that will swallow the earth.

We are more interested in explaining the concept illustrated in the graph: *how our slower three-dimensional electronic world will accelerate, acquiring energy/speed and losing a fractal dimension of form, when it becomes transformed into a strange quark condensate *since transformations of energy into information take place by warping and unwarping dimensions of form into speed.

A basic case observed in all scales is represented by the previous graph, taken from a *SciAm* article about the formation of galactic disks, which we used to illustrate the creation of a quark by the crunching of electronic nebulae of three dimensions. The slow rotation of the electron becomes a bidimensional faster quark system. The same process gives birth to a black hole in the cosmological realm, when the nebulae of a star or the gas of a galaxy collapses into a black hole.

All this means, of course, that dimensions are “fractal,” limited dimensions, which never extend to infinity but to the limits of a certain entity of the Universe. Thus, the creation of fractal dimensions of information or its transformation into speed is one of the commonest events of the Universe and at the same time one of the many details of the generator equation of space-time:

*Energy = speed **≤=≥**information = fractal dimension*

In the case we study in this post, we can consider a simple dimensional game by which slow three-dimensional electrons become faster bidimensional quark masses. There is a simple proof of the bidimensionality of our up and down quarks: quarks have one-third or two-thirds of the charge/dimensionality of electrons and so we need three quarks with perpendicular orientations called colors to form a three-dimensional quark structure able to interact with our three-dimensional electrons.

Further on, we must add the interaction of two different mediums and forces, the strong gravitational force of quarks and the electroweak force of electrons. This means that quarks “suck in” electrons, trying to absorb them, to feed on them, so they have implosive, strong gravitational forces, while electrons try to suck in quarks with its electromagnetic force, reason why we use a negative, implosive, absorbing direction for electronic charges.

In other words, quarks use its force to attract and steal momentum from electrons, and electrons use its electromagnetic force to attract and absorb momentum for quarks.

Those are the simplest visual concepts, to understand the interactions of those membranes. Obviously when we enter into topological details, the forms, dimensions, and charges of each of those elements become far more complex.

** The Mystery of Slow Clocks.**

What is the mathematical relationship between mass, time, and information? Einstein hinted that cyclical clocks of time, cyclical forms, and cyclical masses were related when he said that “time curves space into mass.” And he showed that relationship in his equations. Now, once the curved form of masses, self-similar to the curved forms clocks of temporal information is understood, we can fully grasp the meaning of that sentence if we use the concept of time that physicists use as “what a clock measures.” Masses are* the cyclical clocks of information of the Universe, which trans/form the energy lines of gravitational forces into a regular frequency of information given by the speed of rotation of those physical clocks.*

Look at the back of a clock. It is a cyclical spiral that unwinds its energy so the clock can create cycles of information. The clock is a “fractal generator” of cycles of information (the hours of the clock) molded from a source of energy (the spiral), following a dual feed-back cycle of transformation of energy into information (the clock turning) and information into energy (the spiral unwinding). This duality of all eternal processes of trans/formation of lineal motions (energies) into cyclical motions (information) and vice versa is the essential dual cycle of the Universe, its “generator equation” (E < =>Tƒ or Se×Tiƒ=K), depending on our dynamic or static perception of it (Galilean paradox). And it applies to all systems.

The space between galaxies expands because the space within galaxies contracts into mass. The big bang of a supernova explodes radiation because quarks become a stronger superfluid vortex inside in a big crunch. Yet if we were physicists, ascribed to the entropy-only religion and naïve realism, we would only see half of the process, either the big bang radiation and expansion of interstellar space (big bang theorists) or the visible mask of the informative clock: the needles turning.

So a mass or a charge is a physical clock of time that winds energy into form but simultaneously unwinds form into energy, expelling it perpendicularly through its poles, as a tornado—which also has a dimension of height, not only a cyclical inward movement—does with water or air. And so we are all made of spatial energy that extends and creates space and movement and cyclical clocks of time, whirls of masses and charges that carry information. And the growth of complexity of those two motions finally create the biological cycles of information and energy that make us humans.

The complex evolution of those two motions, chained in infinite puzzles, evolving in networks, grouping in bigger structures, is what we call the organic Universe made of networks of spatial energy and information.

Now, let us prove the concept of mass as physical information with the three tenets of the scientific method: mathematical, logic, and experimental proof. The logic proof is in the explanations we just made of it. Unlike the Higgs mechanism, masses as vortices of space-time are logic mechanisms of attraction. The experimental proof is the relationship between the speed and radius of each vortex and its attractive power or mass. Unlike the Higgs mechanism that never explained why each mass has the mass it has, the vortex theory explains them: Light doesn’t close a vortex so it doesn’t have mass. Black holes turn faster with lesser radius so they have more mass. Quarks do the same in the particle world so they are the most massive of them all.

Finally, the mathematical proof is as simple and beautiful as it gets. Just substitute in Einstein’s two main formulas where mass and time come out to obtain its relationship:

*Energy =mass × c ^{2} and energy × time =constant*

Then you cancel energy and you get *mass = constants/time= k × frequency of information.*

Since time and frequency are inverse (T=1/v), this means that the faster the frequency of a vortex of space-time is, the more attractive/heavier the mass is; the more information it will store and the slower its inverse (T=1/v), lineal time will happen. And this is another experimental proof of informative masses, as astrophysicists have shown that lineal time passes slower when we come closer to a massive object like a black hole. All this explains why in relativity time is related to mass, which affects the movement of cyclical clocks since

*Mass = frequency of a vortex of physical clocks (any orbit, mass, or charge=spin).*

All those relationships, which can be described also with the more complex topological models of non-Euclidean geometry briefly outlined in the appendix, *cannot be obtained with Higgs particles, which cannot explain rationally how masses attract, what their values are without inventing new laws and fields never found in nature, and yet even then, it cannot explain the different masses of each particle.*

Thus, we conclude that Einstein’s theory of mass is right and the Higgs a fantasy:* masses and quarks are motions that carry the information of the Universe in its bidimensional vortices. *This is not understood by quantum physicists because they try to explain masses with the lineal Higgs, WHICH IS THE External PERSPECTIVE FROM THE LINEAL FIELD THAT GIVES IT ENTROPY in the case only for weak-symmetry breaking interactions that evolve the particle into the hyper force world of internal space-time on black holes and cosmic scales) and fail.

Later, when we talk of quarks in more detail, we shall add some complexity to this basic description of them. It matters one of those properties: a bidimensional vortex* has less dimensions and more speed/attractive power than our three-dimensional electroweak forces. This means we need three quarks, each one with one-third of charge, to emerge into our electronic world. To do so, they form very dense, stable triplets because they “lock themselves” perpendicularly, to emerge as “three-dimensional color-locked” forms in our Universe*.

This working as an introduction, we now have to introduce basic isomorphisms and paradoxical symmetries of T.Œ to set more clearly the theoretical foundations of the previous paragraphs and awesome results on the meaning of relativity, the different geometries of space-time and the unification of charges and masses.

**Errors of space-time symmetries in physics: confusion of time with space.**

The duality particle-future, past-antiparticle duality IS essentially the ‘life-arrow, death-arrow ‘duality of time events and as such is a huge field of new interpretations of all kind of events and particles, which often means to re-interpret a spatial very fast ‘resonance’ particle, into a time event of particle-antiparticle, life-death transition (mesons for example are death events, in which a particle-antiparticle in time dies; annihilations of particles – antiparticles can on the other hand be interpreted as spatial dualities or temporal events).

And this brings us to a fundamental new insight on all fields of sciences, but specially those fields of the lower ∆-∆ scales where clocks of time according to 5 D metrics are much faster, and so often we see as we see fast turning wheels as solid space, fast time events as spatial events. Among them, the most important re:

-Particle-antiparticle death events, seen as mesons or spatial collisions

– Ternary ages of systems, color forces and weak forces seen a spatial gauging interactions.

– And generally any phenomenon that happens in small range in space and slow time, which is a transformative event not a gauging spatial force. And any space-formal, fixed system with no relative motion, which tends to adopt a spherical, gauging-informative state.

There is though besides the straighten up of the errors of physics regarding its space-time symmetries a more general analysis of great beauty, which consists in the translation of the ‘Ages of the Big-bang’, which latter we will study in detail, and ascribe to the most likely scale of Galactic matter, which explains how from the most energetic Higgs-top quark-black hole fields, through the ‘breaking of symmetry’, all other forces and particles are born.

But what means the breaking of symmetry in terms of the Generator equation? It is quite simple, when we understand that ‘Energy field’ as the synonymous of the Spe, entropic simpler past motions of all systems of reality which start a process of social evolution that implies an increasing of order and a diminishing quantity of energy-information available as we grow in scales. The breaking of symmetry means merely the growth of those scales and its eusocial evolution into different new social systems that are efficient and respond to the metrics of the 5^{th} dimension, as they slow down the clocks of time and enlarge the surface of space of the Universe, in new planes of existence, which obey the metrics of the 5^{th} dimension L=Spe x Tƒ.

Yet since the big-bang is the death NOT the birth of the most perfect form of the Universe a hyper-black hole (as its equations are the inverse equations to the metrics of a black hole), we do NOT increase the speed of Tƒ-clocks (as it will happen in the bi crunch), reducing the Spe size of the system, as in an arrow of information, and life Max. Tƒ x Min. Spe = L, but in an inverse fashion each of the epochs of he big-bang and the subsequent differentiation of physical species into forms of larger space and slower time clocks represents precisely the entropic death of the Universe from the form of max. energy, the hyper black hole, likely made of top quarks and Higgs fields.

So first the Higgs field (spatial element), and top-bottom quarks (particle element), decreased its speed of motion, likely to be an inflaton, superluminal c-motion and rotary T-motion (given the enormous mass of the top quark, its clocks of time must be between 10 and 100 times faster than those of our matter), which as it expanded and cool down (temperature is not a proper measure of frequency and order, only for thermodynamic systems, but physicists use it to describe high frequency=high temperature, lineal time clocks), freezing into a series of new planes of the 5^{th} dimension, creating in each plane a new Spe<ExI>Tƒ, type of field quanta, wave-form and dominant particle.

So after the top quark black hole and Higgs field of super-luminal dark energy and information, expanded at superluminal speeds in a fraction of time (Min. Tƒ x Max. Spe) during the Inflaton epoch, the quark gluon soup started the production of slower=lighter Tƒ-articles (t->b-c->s-du quark decays through the strong force), and slower=more informative bosons: -> Higgs (o spin) ->Neutrino (1/2 spin) -> Photon (1 spin); in a series of growing entropy ages which ended in the recombination era, in which the entropy growing ‘death’ finally finished, when the system had created enough up and down and electron quarks in a dual sea of neutrinos and photons, which started now the opposite arrow of evolution of matter, giving birth to atoms, stars and in its furnaces new elements of higher mass, while the galaxy acquired its structure, with a central black hole of remnant top quarks, a halo of strange quarks survivors of the quark gluon soup, in stable forms (dibaryons, strangelets), and an intermediate region of ud matter, first in plasma state and then as the galaxy reached its present form in stars and planets.

Thus the evolution of the galaxy and perhaps the Universe, depending on which scale we observe the big-bang (a quasar big-bang or a cosmic big-bang, which we shall soon discuss), is just part of the eternal cycles of creation and destruction of mass and energy, the worldcycle of physical systems, between the arrow of life and death, perfectly resumed in those ‘Universal constants of action’ for each scale, which in the cosmic scale amounts to E<c=>M back and forth worldcycles of big-bangs and big crunches of energy into mass, and to similar detailed events in every other scales, in the quantum scale to E<v> H and in the thermodynamic scale to E < ST > PV, in the particle scale, Beta Decay –<-> Electron capture, in the star scale Nova<-> Star formation , in the galactic scale, quasar big bang < -> Galactic evolution.

It is worth to notice though that the process of formation of the Tƒ element are slow life processes of aggregation, so for example galactic evolution goes through the first nebulae age, the spiral galaxy and the globular galaxy till all matter is swallowed by the black hole, which then dies in a quasar big-bang of a few moment, and Mass aggregation goes lumping molecular matter in slow gas->liquid->solid crystal growth cycles of life to become destroyed in a brief moment by fire or nuclear explosion. So it also follows that all physical systems obey the inversion of the zero sum between life and death such as life arrow:

Max. Tƒ x Min. Sp (lasting long in time in reduced space) Vs. Death arrow= Max. S x Min. Tƒ (lasting short in time in a long spread of space).

Of which the most clear example is the big-bang big life cycle of the Universe, as the big-bang, if certain, lasted a quanta of Planck time in which the inflaton Universe expanded enormously in space (min. Tƒ = Max. Spe= death), while the process of evolution and formation of matter, stars and galaxies has lasted 14 billion years.

**THE FULL ANALYSIS: CREATION OF PHYSICAL 5DST SUPERORGANISMS.**

Mass* is as all other emergent time enclosures of a surface of energies*, a symbiotic creation of a new ‘species’ of physical systems, in which 3 elements come together as a whole:

Spe<ExI>Tƒ, whereas the formation of a Tƒ-membrane-center invaginating the ExI world, over an Spe-field, ‘CREATES’ the new emergent plane, in which the fundamental laws and parameters and operandi and ratios/constants of all TŒ systems will then appear ‘magically’. As such the fundamental element of a new physical system, as a new biological system is the complementarity body-head, wave-particle, vital space, enclosure, centered into a ‘center of gravity’ point, born of the shrinking of a Poincare’s Conjecture that becomes real:

The creation of a physical system requires the formation of a membrane, in 2 or 3 dimensions (4 or 5 dimensions in the more complex relativity and 5D full model systems), which becomes the external informative membrane that will develop an enclosure to a volume of vital space-energy, and form within that volume a ‘mirror’ image of the world in which the system exists, by shrinking according to the Poincare conjecture the membrane into a central point (in the graph the point is external, but it will be in the center of ‘gravity’ of the system). At that point a new physical/biological/topological system of reality is formed, with the following minimal structural elements.

**2 Spacetime dualities**

**Holographic principle: bidimensional space networks of fractal points, and tall, cyclical, accelerated vortices of time clocks.**

*Now, the scientific method considers proves of truth, written below the graph, 1) Experimental evidence – all the galaxies and expansive entropic dark energy space between it 1) Known cause: the Fractal Generator of Space-time beings. 3) economy, we shall generalise the fractal equation to ALL BEINGS of the Universe, fractal parts made to its image and likeness. 4) No Falsification. I dare you to find an entity of reality which does NOT obey the 10 isomorphisms= Fractal space-time laws of all beings.*

*So before we enter into cosmology we shall make a fast synopsis of the fundamental ‘truth’ of reality:*

*The Universe and all its parts, are ternary systems made of spatial entropy and temporal information, combined into fractal space-time beings whose existence obeys the properties of those 2 ultimate elements of reality.*

Look at the graph. You do NOT exist in a background, Newtonian, absolute abstract space-time, but you are made of quanta of lineal spatial motions, which trace closed cycles, ‘time clocks’ of different speed and form≈ in-form-ation.

When you say i don’t have energy and time to do this, you ARE certain, you are made of spatial energy and temporal information, as everything else in the Universe. And only the pegging together of all those vital spaces, separated by membranes, in the fiction of the mind you can imagine Absolute space.

**The generator of bidimensional Fractal space and cyclical time. Its physical variations.**

It follows for the same reasons, since a cycle of time encloses a vital space or world separated from the outer Universe (first law of topology and knot theory – a cycle breaks space into discontinuous inner and outer regions), there is not a single clock of time, neither time has a steady repetitive ‘tic’ as our mechanical clocks – Nature has infinite clocks of time, each vortex of cyclical information, mass or charge or galaxy of each scale of the fractal Universe is a time clock.

And only the sum of all those repetitive cycles those entities perform, the beats of my heart, which provoke the hits of my fingers, which produce logic cycles in the computers that put this pieces of information in the screen, form a ‘combined, synchronised motion of absolute time’.

If you accept this empirical fact of your existence – that YOU ARE made of space and time – you will upgrade your understanding of yourself and the Universe. This is the model of relational space-time, which Leibniz advanced as an alternative to Newton’s model of an abstract background- a mathematical, idealist error born of the custom of drawing beings in the ideal pictorial background of a cartesian canvas.

We say this is an ‘experimental fact’ because it was proved by modern science – by quantum physics and relativity.

We do know it, since Einstein proved there are ∞ time cycles in the Universe and quantum theorists proved space is made of quanta that carry motion, momentum, kinetic energy (related terms of mathematical physics). So he said, Leibniz is right, but if so we have to change the foundations of sciences since its beginning, which is what i did during the years I was the president-chair of the science of duality, within the world congresses of Systems science, cybernetics and Information, (ISSS), which studies the Systems of all sciences, not only with the single arrow of entropy as physicists do but with both arrows of future, entropy and information, lineal and cyclical motions and momentums.

*This requires to understand the previous graph, which illustrates the Holographic principle; that generalises the 2 arrows of physical systems, and generalised to all systems of the Universe, the concept that we are all made of 2 elements,*

*O-Tiƒ: cyclical, Time, informative of heads/particles that process temporal information and guide the lineal motions of its |-Spe body/wave limbs/fields that carry its lineal energy: *

** ****Γ.** |-Spe <=>O-Tiƒ.

This fractal geometric generator redistributes the 4 dimensions we know to exist in this scale of reality, in 2 dimensions of vital space, creating flat planes of space, with maximal extension (made of small cells, points, atoms, any ‘set of similar beings) and 2 dimensions of temporal information, height and rhythm to form the simplest possible time cycle, which carries information in the form and frequency of this cycles.

Now this should be evident to you, temporal information has the dimensions of height and form (cyclical patterns seen with a mind as slow fixed forms, like the way you see a fast spinning wheel as a solid disk). So you are watching a tall bidimensional screen or book, your eyes see bidimensional forms, and your informative eye, head or the antenna or camera that absorbs information, with its logic cycles of time, its computer clocks measured in cyclical frequencies, Hertzs, are all on top, are all made of closed time cycles and forms.

So the dimension of height belongs to time cycles, which now has 2 dimensions and it is no longer a line of infinite duration but a cycle with a tall form, which rises as time ‘r=evolves’, the flat sheets of vital space, which originates all systems in a past, energetic, young age, into tall space-time of maximal information.

In the graph, the bidimensional nature of time cycles, divides the 4 dimensions of time-space in 2 ‘formal motions’, tall, cyclical time, which carries the information of the Universe in the form and frequency of its cycles (as the n-sphere has the maximal volume in minimal space), as such is the gauging ‘particle-head on top of all systems (so photons stay longer on top of the wave, your head is on top, as an informative mammal, with the dimension of height, eyes and cameras are spheres and antennae are on top, so are speakers: function is form) and wide, lineal space planes, which are the most extended fastest distance between points so fast ‘planes’ are… planes, limbs and fields are planes.

Then by putting the dimension of height in the right part of the fractal generator (time) as a dimension of information those time cycles, become a real arrow of future evolution, which ‘resolves’ most of the questions of science related to the passing of time, its evolution and informative processes. Indeed, the ‘informative time component of the being’ is on the dimension of height. It is the central black hole of gravitational information, that in-forms, forms the galaxy, the height of the man, with its top head, and the tendency of time, of evolution, which started with flat worms and grew into height, as time passed.

‘Time curves space into masses’ said Einstein and the black hole of maximal mass, has in its centre a point or singularity of infinite height. So does a hurricane. Height is thus a dimension of temporal information and all entities evolve towards more information, more height.

* It is the arrow of evolution: *lat proteins evolved into tall nucleotides and DNAs, flat amphibia evolved into tall dinosaurs; mammals evolved into tall apes and flat transport machines into tall robots.

Height thus is a dimension of fractal information; and this explains the experiment evidence of the geometry of the Universe, which is a flat sheet of space, with tall black holes curving entropic space into galactic vortices of mass rising in height in the central tall singularities. Thus the Universe is a fractal tapestry of pieces of flat space, expanding along the dimensions of ‘spatial entropy’, width and length, which cyclical vortices of mass-height, rise and implode into tall singularities, black holes. E<=>M.

And since the universe is fractal, the expansion of space between galaxies is balanced by the implosion and rising of height of black holes at the centre of those galaxies.

And so all is a fluctuation of Sp <=>Tƒ, both in the whole Universe and each galactic part, and each living being of each fractal point of the galaxy called a planet.

Let us now complete the model by considering the intermediate region in which the spatial entropic lineal or planar limbs/fields and the temporal, tall, cyclical heads/particles, exchange lineal energy and cyclical information.

Since this *intermediate region, the present wave-body of the system is what creates by pegging together the entropic limbs/fields and informative particles/heads, synchronous organisms of space-time that last as they balance both | & O limits of form and combine them to iterate=reproduce the system, with is wave-bodies, making the ‘information of the Universe immortal and converting reality in a living fractal dedicated to reproduce information over sheets of entropic, expansive space, forming, informing, warping space into time cycles.*

**THE 3 DUALITIES OF MOTIONS IN TIME ≈ DIMENSIONS IN SPACE: GALILEAN PARADOXES.**

In the graph, the paradox of galileo, all moves in time and seems a dimension of space. This duality must always be considered to understand physical systems. So particles are the static, informative state, and waves the moving state of quantum systems. Vortices of time are the motion perception of mass and solid balls the static, space perception. Both are certain. The same happens with the duality between fractal scales and continuous single space-time. In the graph, a non-detailed analysis by Galileo of Saturn showed it as a flat, continuous, non moving rng. In detail it was a cyclical sum of fractal non-eculdiean points, planetoids. So the higher truth with more information is the fractal, cyclical structure of the Universe.

Now the deepest confusion on the theme of particles, masses and the like, is the incapacity to understand properly the principle of relativity and the constant switch of beings between still states of information and moving states of entropy, such as physical systems move as waves, and perceive information in stillness, so they stop and go, stop and go, or we can see space as dilating in dimension or as motions of galaxies. And so we can see masses as particles and as vortices of time.

The still perception of space, we might say is always a static simultaneous picture of a motion in time.

Thus since we cannot know when a thing is moving or is merely a ‘form’, we must always consider this duality. If we see a particle, it is a ‘vortex of motion’ besides having a cyclical time-like form. If we see a dimension of length, it is space moving besides being a still distance. On this difference almost ‘every mathematical tool’ of calculus (differentials and integrals), every system of Nature (which we see simultaneously as a still organism, and moving through its worldcycle of life and death), the duality of quantum, discontinuous reality and moving, continuous one, etc. etc., almost all phenomena of all sciences is based. I call it the “Galilean Paradox’, to differentiate its much wider meaning from those sponsored by physicists, as again we shall apply it to all sciences. So we write it again:

Relativity Principle (Galilean Paradox): “All what exists is a motion with form”.

Soon we will realize that indeed, all what exists is motion with form, nothing is truly still. And so cyclical time seen as form is ‘information’ and as motion is a ‘vortex-like clock’, and open space seen as form is ‘distance’ and seen as motion is ‘lineal speed’.

There is a convention though to call time ‘motion’ and ‘space’ stillness. This is Ok in the ‘limit’. As time accelerates (as all cyclical motions, which require 2 points, a torque and have angular acceleration) and in fact as paradoxical as it seems a cyclical motion by the law of the vortex is faster than a lineal motion, which as in a big-bang explosion, decelerates. (We shall deed with the error of considering the expansion of the distance-space of the Universe as an acceleration in our post on astrophysics).

So in the limit by the law of the vortex, Vo x Ro = k, time cycles accelerate inwards as vortex do, and in the process they attract ‘space’. So black holes, masses and charges do exactly so. And so in the limit we can say that ‘time is motion’ (the classic definition of it) and space is distance, dimension.

And this fact of T.Œ will allow us easily to unify the equations of charges and masses, what physicists call T.O.E, or Theory Of Everything, a minor result of T.Œ, the Theory of the Organic Everything, which I write with Œ to distinguish both.

In the graph, we observe the astounding beauty of the paradoxes of Galileo, as they can be seen in space, time or relative scales, defining THE ESSENTIAL DUALITIES OF FREEDOM AND ORDER. So topology becomes metaphysics.

The flat, open, momentum-lineal like small distance vs. the closed, cyclical, energy-like time distance is constant theme of all mathematical physics, where the tangent, or derivative represents the minimal step. For example, special and general relativity, or rather lineal quantum physics and cosmological, larger scale gravitation obey this norm:

Minkowski space is a suitable basis for special relativity, a good description of physical systems over finite distances in systems without significant gravitation. However, in order to take gravity into account, physicists use the theory of general relativity, which is formulated in the mathematics of a non-Euclidean geometry. When this geometry is used as a model of physical space, it is known as curved space.

Even in curved space, Minkowski space is still a good description in an infinitesimal region surrounding any point (barring gravitational singularities).

What this means is that special relativity is working in the quantum, smaller space, but when we expand to a cosmological region, we are bending in closed space. So it is a relative point of view what defines the choice of a free moving particle or a trapped particle moving into the larger world.