**Abstract. **The cosmos or hyper-Universe is the plane of existence of the Galatom. As a physical plane, we differentiate it from ‘Reality’, which is the ‘Game of existence’ of all the planes that might be infinite, or limited by the atoms and galaxies, self-similar in form and forces (and a possible lower plane of lineal strings of $t motions and cyclical strings of §ð motions). That is, a non experimental duality – though theoretically seems more sound and infinite reality…

As such the limits of equivalence and perception of scales happen for man between the galaxy and the atom, so we can fill in the parts of both we don’t understand or perceive by correspondence with the equivalent ones, specially in the case of forces:

**Atoms and galaxies and its Q, G forces.**

As we show in the post on force unification, then q and g becomes: curvature **(S**pace view) vortices **(ð**ime view) of two scales **(∆±i** view) on the two upper and lower limits of **@-**mind perception; solving the hierarchy problem and ultimately *completely opening our experimental understanding of quantum worlds, as we can see it in reverse from within as macro-galaxies. Protons then appear as top quark positive frozen stars, aka black holes; electrons as strangelet negative halos, and in between the far less dense photons become stars.*

And so we can establish *2 fundamental Disomorphisms (similar laws of scale) to study the whole as a series of kaleidoscopic mirrors:*

-The atom-galaxy, for quantitative, mathematical physics modelling.

The concept of course has been around for long. EFE (Einstein’s field equations) applied to galaxies (Einstein-Walker formalism) is actually modelled to simplify calculus with galaxies as hydrogen atoms; Schrodinger’s equation was used by Wheeler to find a quantum formalism for the Universe; string duality considers universes and quantum strings the same; astronomers model stars around central black holes as photons, etc.

But without *a deep philosophical model of the fractal Universe provided in this blog, all those mathematical isomorphisms have been merely considered ‘techniques’ of calculus. *The reader thus should be aware the mathematical physics – albeit complex to the level of specialists, do exist and what we shall beyond the Unification equation in Newtonian terms, introduce here is the depth of philosophical analysis and the Disomorphic properties of atomic galaxies.

-The second Disomorphism is that of the galaxy-cell (treated in cosmology) which shows the organic properties of astrophysical galaxies. This is to my knowledge completely new stuff, but rather obvious: DNA-black holes with gravitational forces, and protein, lineal strangelets, encase the vital space-time of electromagnetic and gravitational flows of energy between both, which structure the waves of the galaxy.

And both control the mitochondria stars that become on the long term the energy food to reproduce more black holes and strange stars (pulsars). 20 years ago this seemed madness, but today everything comes together to the surprise of astronomers to validate the organic model of galactic growth…

# ∆+4: COSMOS

**SUMMARY. **

**Introduction:** 5D cosmology. The new Paradigm.

**I. **The fractal paradigm. 5D space-time beings.

The world cycles of Cosmological systems.

**II**. The scales of the Big-bang, Unification of charges and masses.

The little big-bangs of Galaxies.

The galaxy as an organism: its 5D ST generator and species.

**III.** ∆-4: The Dark World.

**Foreword. ****∆st elements applied to the Universe**

This post is complementary to the post on galaxies, which a*re much better understood as wholes, due to the maximal information we obtain from it, as opposed to the Universe as a whole, of which regardless of hyperbolic astronomy (big-bang pretentious theories of the whole, obtained from a simple lineal equation, ‘stressed and stretched’ to infinity – Vhod…the ‘God’ of creationist astronomers:), we know very little. *

Thus in this post we Do concentrate on the big-bang and the alternative cyclical big-bang/big crunch time cycles of the cosmos, at the scales we can see.

# I. 5Ð FRACTAL UNIVERSE

‘Leibniz was right, there are infinite time clocks in he Universe, but if so we have to start physics from scratch’ Einstein, on the goal realized in 5D physics.

“Entangled”. adj. **1. **caught in or as if in a tangle (v. tr. 1. To mix together or intertwine).

**2.** Deeply involved especially in something Complex; Connected by participation or association or use.‘

“Historically, much of fundamental physics has been concerned with discovering the fundamental particles of nature and the equations which describe their motions and interactions. It now appears that a different program may be equally important: to discover the ways that nature allows, and prevents, information to be expressed and manipulated, rather than particles to move. (….)

To conclude with, I would like to propose a more wide-ranging theoretical task: to arrive at a set of principles like energy and momentum conservation, but which apply to information.’

*Steane*, on the goal of General Systems Sciences, realized in this web, applied in this post to 5D² physics…

**RELATIONAL SPACE-TIME: 5TH DIMENSION OF INFORMATION & EVOLUTION**

In the galatom the halo has 90% of its mass and so the overwhelming ‘angular momentum’ of the system, acting ‘de facto’ as a barrier that converts galaxies into islands-universes of their own:

**A Universe of space forms: S@ and time motions: ∆ð**

All what you see around is a tapestry of **forms that are moving** (as motion is relative to the observer you will always be able to find a frame of reference in which the being moves) – *nothing else is required to explain it all: ‘forms’, a concept closely related to the scientific concept of in/form/ation and space dimensions, and ‘motion’, a concept closely related to the physical terms of ‘entropy’ and locomotion; which can be considered the two limits of reality: pure spatial form and pure temporal motion.*

Yet form is clearly NOT real but a mental, still mapping in a language that orders the external world, in the same way the moving Earth appears to us still.

Since when we observe any ‘form’ in detail at ‘smaller’ scales, the form also shows motion. Form in fact is merely a ‘very fast closed motion’ that seen without detail appears as a solid form. So all particles are closed motions. We shall call a closed ‘motion’, *a clock-like ‘time cycle’. *So we can reduce reality to a single ‘element’, motion. *And we affirm all in the Universe are ‘formal motions’ tracing in-form-ative time cycles.*

Further on we can reduce reality to a single ‘element’, motion. Since when we observe any ‘form’ in detail at ‘smaller’ scales, the form also shows motion. Form in fact is merely a ‘very fast closed motion’ that seen without detail appears as a solid form. So all particles are closed motions. We shall call a closed ‘motion’, *a clock-like ‘time cycle’. So we affirm all in the Universe are ‘formal motions’ tracing in-form-ative time cycles.*

What it is, is motion; what humans study is form. This might seem very philosophical but is of extreme importance, as science is after all the linguistic mirror of the Universe in logic and geometric languages of thought.

So how the Universe produces information with motion? Obviously because all motion traces ‘curvatures’ of dimensional form, and by repeating the same patterns of motion, ‘form seems to stay’, coalesce, become fixed. Hence *to create information, form it is need to repeat patterns of motion into closed cycles, and we call those patterns of repetitive closed motions, ‘time clocks’. As all clocks are closed patterns of motion, from orbits of stars and planets to mechanical ones. *

Information is then stored in those closed ‘forms’ or ‘time cycles. In/form/ations, Forms in action are both the ‘form’ AND frequency ‘bits’ of those time cycles. And so as all what exists are cyclical *forms* (we shall call them, ‘fractal points’, ab. œ, •) that complete ‘worldcycles of time’, we can really reduce it all to* ‘formal motions’, to time cycles.*

And as any motion that ‘repeats’ its time cycle is REPRODUCING its form, its information, there is no doubt about our first principle born of the experience that all what we perceive *are motions reproducing information as they move in time cycles*:

All clocks of time are cyclical motions which break reality into an inner region of vital energy, an angular momentum clock that encloses it and when regular a central singularity which can ‘perceive’ some how a mapping of the Universe that flows through the membrane. So mind, angular momentum and vital energy become the 3 parts of the clock and hence the basic super organism of the Universe.

Because a clock is curved, we can see the new Ðimotion of information as a curvature on the dimotion of lineal time. This would be the first step for an extension of great importance in 5Ð theory: the holographic principle.

In 1993, the physicist Gerard ‘t Hooft put forward the holographic principle, which explains that the *information about an extra dimension is visible as a curvature in a spacetime with one fewer dimension*. For example, holograms are three-dimensional pictures placed on a two-dimensional surface, which gives the image a curvature when the observer moves. Similarly, in general relativity, the fourth dimension is manifested in observable three dimensions as the curvature path of a moving infinitesimal (test) particle. ‘T Hooft has speculated that the fifth dimension is really the *spacetime fabric*.

So again as in many cases we shall find indeed that inflationary ‘language-mirrors’ are all more or less right. Indeed, *the second dimotion of time, of form, of in-form-ation is seen as a ‘curvature’ of the first motion of lineal time. The holographic principle is then essential to many themes of this blog, upgraded to ST, SS and TT combinations, which we will be able to compare by dimensional analysis and further our understanding of space-time systems. And the fifth dimension is the ‘space-time fabric’, as it fabricates all other dimensions in scales. Let us see how.*

We shall explain such real Universe, and the systems it creates along the 3 scales of physical systems, the quantum-atomic thermodynamic and gravitational, larger scales.

I advice the reader interested in the organic paradigm and its description of astrophysical systems, to read first the general introduction to 5D fractal space-time systems, as we shall bring some of its main laws but not all for the sake of space-time.

Just in case he doesn’t we shall bring a very brief resume of the two fundamental elements of reality, the 3 arrows of time and the fractal scalar structure of its space, with its ternary symmetries and ‘membrains’ that warp it all with a linguistic still mind singularity, giving birth to the 11 Dimensional super organism, fundamental structure of the Universe.

## 5D IN ASTROPHYSICS

‘Every point holds a world in itself’ Leibniz, on the the fractal, non-euclidean points-singularities-minds of the Universe

**The fifth dimension in physics, its main 3 scales.**

In the next graph, the Universe is a fractal system that reproduces spatial information and temporal energy, carried in the cycles and forms of its clocks of time in multiple scales of spatial size.

All those scales are topologically similar, differentiating in the ‘speed or frequency’ at which they close their ‘time§pace clocks’ (closed paths that ad a bit of informative frequency every time they repeat their cycle, according to a simple metric rule for most ‘families of time§pace clocks’:

* Size in space x Time frequency =constant. *

As such we have an organic, fractal Universe with a 5th dimensional metric, Space Size x ðime frequency, which allows travel through it, opening a full new formalism to all sciences, which have not studied properly the information of those time clocks of different frequency and size as ‘an ecosystem with its own rule of laws, the laws of the fifth dimension of ‘informative speed’, as the herzian speed of time cycles are ruled by 5D metric.

In the graph we see that simple ‘metric equation’ of the fifth dimension, poised to revolve our understanding of all systems of Nature, once the ‘first phase of any new scientific paradigm’ (resistance of authority) crumbles by the sheer weight of facts explained by the new paradigm.

*The metrics of the 5th dimension defines a Universe made of isomorphic scales of space-time where smaller beings in any scale of reality (from chips to black holes, quarks or rats) process information, stored in the cycles and form of its clocks of time, faster than larger beings (vacuum tubes, stars, electrons or elephants), but the product of both, spatial entropy and temporal information remains invariant:*

*$ x ð = Constant*

In a universe of infinite ‘world cycles’ of time, there must be a way to order them. Indeed. If there are infinite speeds of time cycles. So we need to order all those world cycles that require to study all those different sizes and speeds of the cycles of time of the Universe. But to do so we need to encase all those fractal space enclosed by cyclical time’s in scales of size from micro to macrocosms and the actions beings perform within scales, in a mathematical, simple ‘metrics’ of space-time. This formalism is what we call the ‘5th dimension’: a series of laws that order the infinite species of the Universe according to their size in space, and the speed of its cyclical actions in time.

Thus, the fifth dimension metrics is the ice cake element needed to order a fractal Universe broken up into an infinity of beings made of vital space and time cycles (of body-waves and particles-heads). Only then we have a scientific model able to order it all, with its bio-topo-logic properties, isomorphic laws and 5D metrics. This can be done since all those systems of ‘spatial energy’ (body/waves) and temporal information (particle heads), can be roughly classified by ‘size’ in space, and ‘speed of motion and action-reaction’ in time. Then a ‘new rule of order’ appears: bigger systems move slower than larger ones. Their clocks and metabolisms tick slower.

This is a Universal law: mice beat hearts faster than elephants and particles turn faster than galaxies. Yet the product of both, the spatial size and temporal speed of any system remains co-invariant. So we can write in a first approximation: $ x *ð* = ∆ and define a 5th dimension of scales of size that organize the Universe from past, smaller, faster systems into future, larger, slower systems. Moreover, for the first ‘time’, we find a clear arrow from a relative past to future, as wholes cannot exist without the evolution of simpler parts first.

Moreover a fractal repeats its forms in scales, and this co-existence of similar forms in scale ‘sharing motions’ of ‘energy’ and in-form-ation, is the definition of an organic life system. So the Organic, Fractal Universe produces naturally ‘life properties in beings’. A mathematical fractal has ‘scales of size’ which are self-similar as life does, from ecosystems to organisms to cells, or gravitational systems, from galaxies to stars to atoms. Moreover, the scales that are similar can be described mathematically as nested organisms, co-existing thanks to a peculiar mathematical property of its ‘speed of time clocks and information’, ðƒ, which DECREASES with the GROWTH of size in space ($p).

Both parameters, spatial size and quantity of information can then be related by a simple Metric equation: Max. Spatial size = Min. speed of cyclical clocks of time that store its in-form-ation in the for and speed of its cycles.

So a chip the smaller it is the faster it process information in its digital clock-cycles. A particle, the smaller it is the faster it turns. So happens with a cosmic body. So black holes turn in the event horizon at light speed. A ray of light with higher frequency of information has smaller wave lengths, a planet closer to the sun turns faster; a smaller animal has faster metabolic rates.

So the first ‘organic property’ of the fractal Universe, and the symbolism is rather simple, ∆ for scales of size, ±¡ to order them. 3 enough to create an organism.

In the graph we see the ‘organic fractal Universe in different scales’ and systems of reproduction of information.

In the graph we see that simple ‘metric equation’ of the fifth dimension, poised to revolve our understanding of all systems of Nature, once the ‘first phase of any new scientific paradigm’ (resistance of authority) crumbles by the sheer weight of facts explained by the new paradigm.

In the graph, the Universe is a fractal system that reproduces spatial information and temporal energy, carried in the cycles and forms of its clocks of time in multiple scales of spatial size.

Moreover a fractal repeats its forms in scales, and this co-existence of similar forms in scale ‘sharing motions’ of ‘energy’ and in-form-ation, is the definition of an organic life system. So the Organic, Fractal Universe produces naturally ‘life properties in beings’. A mathematical fractal has ‘scales of size’ which are self-similar as life does, from ecosystems to organisms to cells, or gravitational systems, from galaxies to stars to atoms. Moreover, the scales that are similar can be described mathematically as nested organisms, co-existing thanks to a peculiar mathematical property of its ‘speed of time clocks and information’, ðƒ, which DECREASES with the GROWTH of size in space (Sp).

Both parameters, spatial size and quantity of information can then be related by a simple Metric equation: Max. Spatial size = Min. speed of cyclical clocks of time that store its in-form-ation in the for and speed of its cycles.

So a chip the smaller it is the faster it process information in its digital clock-cycles. A particle, the smaller it is the faster it turns. So happens with a cosmic body. So black holes turn in the event horizon at light speed. A ray of light with higher frequency of information has smaller wave lengths, a planet closer to the sun turns faster; a smaller animal has faster metabolic rates.

In the graphs ‘5th dimension metric’ and its ‘Ðisomorphic’ laws apply to ALL PLANES of existence of reality ,each one studied by a stience, according to size. We observe the main physical and Socio-Biological Superorganisms of space-time whose ternary ∆§±1 beings co-existing in 3 relative planes, the atomic, ∆-1 (cellular, individual), ∆º:magnetic /thermodynamic, (organic or national in biological and social systems) and ∆+1 gravitational (ecosystemic or world in biological and social systems).

It is precisely the existence of a 5D metric what pegs those ternary planes together and allows *its synchronicity and simultaneity as energy and information can travel between those scales **according to the definition of a ‘space-time’ dimension.*

In that regard, NOT all planes of the Universe follow the *same metric equations, but certain families of related species do, which allow their symbiosis and social evolution. *So we can assess the existence of a *super organism, *like the galaxy or a biological organism, when the product of both parameters, time clocks and spatial size remains co-invariant in 3 relative ∆§±I scales – which will be ‘tighter’ form smaller systems, and as large as the whole range of perceived scales from the quantum potential (∆-4) to the cosmos (∆+4) in the galaxy:

** $p x ðƒ=K**

Whereas K is a vital or Universal constant of ‘action’ that defines the co-invariance of the product of spatial entropy=extension and temporal information stored in the frequency of its time cycles in any system (metabolic constant in life beings; H, K and C quantum, thermodynamic and gravitational constants of action, entropy and motion in physics).

Indeed in physics, for each fundamental scale, there is also a constant ratio between ‘frequency=time parameters’ and energy=mass parameters, which are the three fundamental constants of Nature, H-planck (ratio of frequency-energy for quantum systems), K-boltzmann (ratio between the temperature frequency and energy of thermodynamic systems) and among the many manifestations of the same law in mechanical, moving systems, the third law of Kepler (ratio between the orbital time clock of planets and the spatial volume: energy content of its orbital sphere).

Next we can observe a direct biological and physical example of the existence of such ‘phyla’ of related species, which follow a given 5D metric (in the fractal Universe by definition as Einstein noticed in physics all laws have a ‘local diffeomorphic symmetry’:

In the graph, the extraordinary capacity to explain the meaning of the fundamental laws of biological, physical and social systems (which we normally escape in the examples for sake of simplicity): animals accelerate their circadian and metabolic cycles as they become smaller, but the product of its volume in space and time clocks remains invariant.

So happens with planets who enclose a proportional volume of space with its orbital clocks, and any physical system, which accelerates its frequencies/temperatures/speeds but its ‘actions’ – the fundamental unit of physical systems, product its energy ‘volume’ and time ‘frequency’ remain constant.

Why this law is so important? Because *it balances the survival and symbiotic existence of all parts of the Universe, and all parts of a super organism, and defines ‘what codes information’ – the small being, and what codes energy- the larger whole, establishing the ‘harmony’ of all the scales of the Universe, and explaining all its fundamental constants which are ratios between spatial volumes and informative clocks of time.*

What is the ultimate cause of this law?

As almost all the laws and symmetries of the Universe, it is caused by the Galilean paradox that makes a ‘dimension of form=space’, equivalent to a dimension of motion=time, when we see ‘the static earth moving’. i.e. the three dimensional volume/mass static in space is equivalent to a bidimensional time-cycle in motion, whereas the dimension of time motion IS equivalent to the dimension of volume space. And we can further prove this fact observing how ‘physical systems’ evolve in ‘time’ increasing its time dimension, by flattening its volume – which is a key consequence of the Galilean paradox to understand all kind of physical entities and phenomena, notably, ‘accelerated bidimensional vortices of time, masses and charges, which store the information of the Universe in the frequency of its cycles’.

Since due to such metric ‘co-ordination’, systems can co-exist in 3 of such ‘scales’ of size, in symbiosis between its smaller parts with faster informative cycles (ab. ∆-1) that code the ‘quantum, genetic or memetic’ information of larger physical, biological or social systems (∆º). While the larger scale, the whole commands in simultaneity the motions of smaller parts. And that symbiotic co-existence creates the ternary scalar structure of a space-time super organism, enclosed in a larger ∆+1 world; proper of all ‘vital, fractal spacetimes’ of reality (ab. time§paœrganism, Œ).

In those timespace organisms the time clocks of the smaller ∆-1 scale store the information of the system in the form and frequency of its cycles.

On the other hand, the larger whole, encloses within its membrane and synchronises with its internal ‘physiological networks or forces’, (biological, physical systems) the motions of the system in space. So we equate information with the static view of clock cycles. And motion with the dynamic view of spatial extension and consider that the structure of time and space is the origin of the entropic motions and informative bits of any system, which can be defined as a super organism of space-time:

** Sp x Tƒ = K** equation is the ‘canonical equation of a dimension of space-time’ which exists according to mathematicians like Klein precisely when the product of both parameters remains ‘co-invariant’, so a system can travel though it (as for example light does between scales with its specific metric or constant c-speed of reproduction of information).

Thus unlike the simplified concept of time=change=locomotion of physicists as ONLY change=translation in space (v=s/t), when we add the ‘biological’, evolutionary time=change in in/form/ation, we can also explain the biological changes of life and death of human organisms, our topological VARIATIONS of forms in (evolution theory), and the mirrors of those changes produced by our languages of perception… which become the memetic ‘languages’ that organize change in the social organisms of history, mankind in time.

So we shall expand the analysis of time change and its laws to both biological and social sciences, something physicists have tried repeatedly with very awkward results (quantum fantaphysics, worldlines, entropy philosophers of ‘death’).

SINCE HUMAN AND BIOLOGICAL CHANGE is primarily ‘informative, social, technological and biological time=change’ NOT translative change=time, the ONLY one physicists study (v=s/t, or Galilean relativity and its fine-tuned Einstein’s version: S²=X²+Y²+z²-c²t²)

So this blog will not only correct and improve our view of the Universe but far more importantly make us understand life, man and history much better than we do today.

So as organic space-time beings co-existing in several scales, we do change also the word science for STienœ, stienœs that describe the different space-time beings ordered by 5D metric.

And then consider how humans look as timespace organisms (ab. T.Œs), guided by both arrows of time, motion≈entropy and in/form/ation and the Ðisomorphic laws of all those T.œs.

**∆§ðœ±¡ i**s then a synoptic expression of those super organisms and its 5 dimensions, fractal space, cycles of time, self-centered into an œrganism, of the ∆ø plane, with a dimension of social evolution ∆+¡ and one of entropy, ∆-¡ as its limiting planes.

**The ultimate whys of 5D metric…**

## UNIVERSAL WORLDCYCLES

**The 3 properties of fractal space: discontinuous, bidimensional, scalar ****structure**.

In the fractal paradigm, *space is discontinuous, made of fractal non-Euclidean points, joined into bidimensional networks, through flows of expansive kinetic energy and contracting cyclical information; which grow in size and scale when we come closer to them (so points become galaxies, whose fractal points become stars, whose Non-E points become planets, whose fractal points become humans, whose Non-E points become cells, whose fractal points become atoms and so on).*

So we just need to apply the ‘so obvious’ fractal, Non-Euclidean structure of reality to describe the Universe, and ‘voila!’, magic – every question is resolved, every experimental evidence fits in place. And all the whys are revealed.

**Discontinuous space.**

The big bang theory is based in the concept of an expansive space, merely one of the 3 possible solutions to Einstein’s field equations, *which must be accepted only on that region and scale of the Universe in which space truly expands, which happens to be the interstellar space between galaxies. *

*But within galaxies the non-lineal, cyclical, inverse arrow of temporal information, that is the accelerated gravitational vortices of the black holes, which suck in electromagnetic entropy, converted into gravitational information, that is implode space into mass;*

*Thus **the expansion of space between galaxies is perfectly balanced by the implosion of space curved into time vortices of mass by the galaxies. *

*They balance the expansive motion of interstellar space, defining an dynamic Universe in which each scale of the fractal is in balance between its ‘expansive, entropic arrow of space and kinetic energy or lineal momentum’; ( ab. $t), and its ‘implosive, informative arrow of accelerated Cyclical Time clocks, (ab. ð§).*

All this said we can have a fast look at the ‘reality’ of physical time-clocks, as they are, world cycles of physical forces that increase their form, their information in pure mathematical vortex, of perfect simplicity – that is, as the 3 singularities vortices of the 3 ∆¡ scales of physical systems, masses, charges and eddies; in the microscopic scale, which become galaxies in the macrocosmic scale, related by metric equations, among which the most relevant is the unification equation of charges and masses.

To that aim we shall bring once more an image of the biggest ‘blunder’ of astrophysics as a philosophy of the Universe, precisely born of the use of a single arrow of time – entropy – the big bang ‘religious theory of creationism’ – the dogma, which no experimental evidence and sound scientific method seems able to debunk:

In the graph, we see how the dark entropy that expands space between galaxies, is balanced by the informative vortices of mass of galaxies that convert entropy into virtual particles and masses according to the two sides of Einstein’s equation: E<CC>M, which he in fact* published not to express the creation of entropy from mass, but the transformation of entropy>energy>mass and only when our military civilisation used it in reverse to explode atomic bombs, became canonised as an entropic equation.*

IN GRAPH, THE 3 singularities of the 3 ∆¡ scales of physical systems, masses, charges and eddies.

*The fractal paradigm postulates a Universe of infinite scales of sizes with relative big-bangs, which are the death of implosive Mass converted back and forth into entropic motion, according to Einstein’s equation: E<=>Mc², which actually has 2 arrows of time, and was in fact first described as M=E/c², that is as a process to create mass from energy. *

*Thus both arrows balance each other and the Universe has at least 2 arrows of time, ‘Spe’ or spatial entropy, and Tƒ(m), Cyclical vortices of mass**, which we can measure by the angular frequency or clock-speed of the vortex. Since indeed, E=Mc², the fundamental equation of Special relativity and E=hƒ, the fundamental equation of quantum physics, can be joined together Mc²=hƒ, whereas M= h/c² ƒ.*

*In the graph, the evolution of the concept of mass in relativity, from the initial image of an abstract substance in the center of an accelerated vortex of space-time, proper of the abstract, pre–world war age, when Einstein first published his work on gravitation, to the first pictures obtained in bubble chambers in the postwar age, to the realization that each mass is a fractal space-time made of smaller cyclic motions proper of twenty-first century **Fractal relativity.*

*The smaller motions are quarks, the bigger motions are quark stars, pulsars, and black holes. Today we can model any type of vortex of space-time with fractal mathematics, as each small vortex transfers the momentum to the bigger vortex, which emerges as a macroscopic entity. Thus, we conclude that a black hole is a fractal concentration of the densest matter of the Universe, quarks, since quarks represent on average more than 99.9% of the matter of our bodies. Those improvements on the details of mass theory, based on the advancement of its mathematical tools (discovery of fractals, chaos theory, and the five postulates of non-Euclidean geometry) is the natural way in which the evolution of science happens, departing from sound logic principles.*

*Thus mass is proportional to a constant (h/c²) multiplied by a variable frequency and its attractive power is proportional to the speed of the vortex as a hurricane (an air vortex) or a tornado (a water vortex). *

*We can therefore write a Fractal ‘Generator Equation’ of the lineal entropic space and cyclical time vortices of the cosmos:, Sp(e) <=>Tƒ(m).*

In astrophysics cyclical time defines the vortices of space-time of the 3 scales, or singularity-masses (gravitational scales), thermodynamic vortices (eddies) and charges (quantum vortices), which can be unified as attractive vortices (time view) or space curvatures of the 3 scales:

In the graph two immediate consequences of the scalar, cyclical nature of space-time are the basis for the whys of astrophysics: cyclical big-bangs in all the scales of reality; and scalar disomorphisms between galaxies and atoms. Below we see how when *we introduce the warping of lineal space into cyclical time, $>ð, origin of the vortices of mass, called galaxies, the (mathematical) equations of the big-bang balance.*

The guidance to advance further present knowledge on cosmology thanks to the insights of 5D² comes from the symmetry between the scale of atoms and galaxies, which have in 5D metric the same structure as gravitational and quantum vortex, when we apply vortex laws (either in newtonian or Einstein’s formalism – we use here for the sake of simplicity the Newton’s vortex from where via Poisson’s potential Einstein derived his work; so *NEWTON is also valid when there is no need for great accuracy).*

Thus the lineal big-bang, essentially a form of pseudo-science due to the use of a single time arrow for the entire Universe, and the stubborn attempts to fit all physical phenomena on that time arrow.

A SINGLE lineal CLOCK OF TIME-locomotion ONLY FOR THE WHOLE UNIVERSE rejects the addition of the ‘real clocks of time’ of the Universe, its vortices of cosmological mass and quantum charge that ‘fold/warp’ the ‘lineal one-dimensional flat entropy between galaxies’ into 3 Dimensions?

The answer will seem an insult to cosmologists but it is what it is: as ridiculous as talking of Yhwh, the toponym for Judea in ancient Egyptian maps, hence the nation of judaism, as the creator of the Universe… And so obvious as that absurdity when you STOP beliefs and REASON, something scientists ‘think they do’ but mostly don’t:

Now for the pedantic scholar of astrophysics who thinks this is too simple, oh, yes, it is – the Universe is simple and not malicious and simplicity is genius (Einstein, Leonardo). So what ‘any scientist’ – not only physicist – tend to do to make his ‘ego shine’ is to include unneeded complications and find secondary details to ‘deny’ the obvious truths we have explained here.

We do have in the 4th line section on cosmology, a whole treatise on the 10 most quoted proofs of the big-bangs with equations and quantitative analysis to show ALL OF THEM, fit better when we explain big-bangs as ‘local quasar deaths’ of those galactic vortices, ultimately as all physical systems dual in its implosive and explosive EM arrows expressed in Einstein’s work.

Then, all falls right – and in this the details were provided in his latter years by Fred Hoyle, the true genius of Cosmology that rightly considered a ‘fractal series of quasar-big bangs’ in each galaxy, all of them balanced by the entropy between them, with a steady state of continuous creation of matter. Hoyle of course invented as a mockery the term big-bang as an allusion to the worldly job of his main proponent Mr. Gamow, who had worked in the Atomic bomb.

*The realpolitiks of power, religion and the military as ‘idol-ogies’ of the **big bang*Since the Big Bang became a canonical theory of reality during the Cold War, as a perfect ‘alibi’ for the development of the Nuclear Industry and its accelerators, still at CERN probing to repeat the Nova Big-bangs taking place on the cosmos, as if the risks involved (no more no less than the possible explosion of the planet) were just peccadilloes compared to the new knowledge it should provide on the meaning of it all.

Bottom line is this: the big-bang is an absurdity, a singularity point which fits in the hand of the human scientist containing the entire Universe, never mind how, and then suddenly exploding into infinity, who knows why, with a beginning which IS PURELY A CREATIONIST THEORY, whose earlier proponent in fact, Mr. Lemaitre was a canonical priest. And so physicists thus connected directly as high popes of science with religion and both were happy – Abrahamic religions had found its ‘scientific proof that God created the Universe’ (obviously ‘someone’ must have hold that singularity in its hand, something must existed to cause it).

While Physicists were happier because before they had little prestige as their worldly profession was indeed to make weapons and entropic machines, so all encyclopedia defined physics as the ‘science of motion’ (locomotion), not as the philosophy of science, now wrongly has become. So suddenly the cosmological big-bang as absurd and false as it is, gave the entropic, weapon makers their category as supreme intelligences on planet earth. And of course the military were even happier that Shiva, not Visnu, destruction not organic creation had been the ultimate cause of the Universe… Alas, by researching new bombs as CERN does these days, we were going to answer the meaning of it all.

It had of course the virtue of being simple enough for all people to understand. God created the Universe from an infinitesimal point would say a believer. God created the Universe with a single lineal equation, V=Hod eery resembling the word God, would say the astrophysicist quoting the supposed lineal expansion of the Universe (Hubble’s constant being H here, V speed of locomotion)… And God is just a warrior exploding it all, would confirm the military man on charge of accumulating big-bang-bombs.

Now, the web is being very harsh specially with entropy physicists, ‘kicking the balls of the physical dogma’, because it is really a very religious outlook out there in astrophysicists’ congresses with the big-bang; so if there is the slightest chance for the reader to ‘react’ to his ‘beliefs’ and awe of the high priesthood of big-bang theorists, he has to be confronted right on, with the ‘religious absurdity’ and biased ‘selection of data’, which is also proper of religions. We just have moved from creationist verbal thought (God creates the universe with words, and selects them, to the point it speaks ‘only’ arab in Islam) to mathematical creationist and also a selective one (God creates the universe with maths, and selects only entropic maths:)

If anything astrophysicists are even worse than modern christians which mostly have doubts because they don’t doubt at all. *They simply don’t realize they are believers not rational thinkers in what regard time arrows and how the future is webbed by information.*

How the brain ‘blinds’ 1/2 of reality to them has a lot to do with the modular, psychological, memorial, repetitive structure of the brain and its ‘lineal perspective’ – the incapacity of huminds to accept multiple points of view, so we must develop also an epistemology of truth and logic which goes beyond the one-dimensional concepts of truth or false and single causality proper of huminds. Since most humans and most models of science at the larger range (where modeling and speculation is needed not only descriptive details) are filled with traps that disguise beliefs as reason…

When we take away dogma and input gravitation and galaxies it is all very simple: what galaxies emit through its black hole axis, is the ‘*dark entropy scale’ below the visible c-speed world. *

*But it is seen NOT as faster than light speed (as time motion) but as ‘enlarged, scattering space’ (as space-distance) carrying away a high speed jet of matter:* In its metric equations though is the hyperluminal perpendicular region of the ‘Kerr hole’ axis that stretches the Universe. And fantaphysicists without the proper 5D metric to justify those hyperluminal speeds in the lower scale ‘consider’ a door to another ‘parallel Universe’ (:But it is compensated by the vacuum condensation into particles on the flat plane of those galaxies. By not measuring this Cosmologists can talk of a single arrow of entropy for the future of the Universe.

*It does come then as a huge problem the problem of causality: In the big-bang and the black hole singularity, **basically the same equations at work at different scales, theoreticians denied Einstein’s dictum there should be a limiting cut off substance or reality that prevented errors in the theory. *

The laws of Relativity and science don’t break down in the singularity of the big-bang or black hole BECAUSE THERE IS NO SINGULARITY.

Because IT IS NOT expected in Relativity to exist SINGULARITIES, but a dense ‘real source’ and cause for the gravitation: It is ONLY because mathematicians who ARE not truly aware of physics and its realism, like Hawking and Penrose, are moving backwards equations BEYOND the very same initial conditions that are REAL – in the case of a black hole a frozen star of dense quarks that cause gravitation; in the case of the expansion of space in the Universe the *central black holes that eject dark entropy through their axis.*

Let us then conclude this fast review of the main elements of ‘existence’, and its superorganisms in space and worldcycles in time, managed by a singular mind that stops time into information, with a few classic examplex of those…

**The big-bang as ****pseudoscience**

Based in assumptions with little proof – that we can move a lineal equation of expansion of space-distances between galaxies, similar to repulsive gravitation or electromagnetism, to an infinite past; that the background light spacetime radiation observed in the local galaxy, is produced in that remote past in all zones of the Universe; that it is possible to break all the known-known laws of physics (conservation of energy, momentum, and dibaryon number) and the basic tenants of logic (nothing can be created from nothing, space and time are eternal), that we can prescind of 96% of reality we don’t know what it is – dark matter and energy – to make a theory of everything – humans for lack of a BETTER formalism, have developed a theory of the meaning of it all, called the big-bang, which keeps mounting proves that falsify it, but is defended with the routines of dogma, proper of any established model of any science or religion in which people has invested money and time.

The situation in that sense is very similar to the one of the ‘ether theory’ prior to Einstein’s revolution. There was even a constant of ether in all text books of the age, and ether, a substance harder and denser than steel, existed in all the Universe (as now exists the expanding dark energy), for light to move so fast, as they didn’t have any other alternative theory to the motion of waves. Huge experiments and machines were designed to measure the ether. And when Einstein tried to deny it in logic grounds he was expelled from the German scientific scholar world and couldn’t even teach physics in a gymnasium.

The fact that he was a pacifist in pre-war Germany didn’t help so he found refuse in Switzerland in a patent office. And such was the opposition to his work that when he was given the Nobel prize for his work on quantum physics, relativity theory was not even mentioned.

We shall now provided with the expansion of our knowledge on the dimensions of the fractal organic Universe such a new explanation even if it is obvious we will not be ever considered for any Nobel Prize, or the theory will be ignored by dogma – not helping certainly the fact that I am better known for my pacifism and opposition to the European Industry of accelerators and its experiments at CERN that try to replicate the big-bang explosion on Earth and might produce black holes and strangelets on Earth, which should NOT evaporate, but absorb all the matter around them and risk the destruction of the planet. So to say my work is the most ignored new r=evolution of science since Einstein’s relativity is not an understatement.

I am simply an invisible man, ‘vaporized’ from science ever since, and so I am obliged to write my work on this anonymous web.

This said ‘those who impose truth with power will be the laugh of the gods’ (Einstein). And that certainly will be the case of the big bang model, which if we ‘are still here’, as the century passes will have to be shelved as the ‘ether theory’ was, once the overwhelming evidence with new telescopes that the Universe is infinite continues churning proofs.

The Big Bang, has all the properties signaled as pseudoscience in ‘wikipedia’: statements, beliefs, or practices that are claimed to be both scientific and factual, but are incompatible with the scientific method, contradictory, exaggerated or unfalsifiable claims; relying on confirmation bias rather than rigorous attempts at refutation; which have lack of openness to evaluation by other experts; and long after they have been experimentally discredited…continue to be hold as ‘dogma’.

While those advocating such models of pseudoscience often dispute the characterization.

Why we say this about the big-bang is obvious. Logically is absurd that all the matter of reality was in a single point, including time and space itself. This is born of an exagerated, unfalsifiable claim – that a lineal equation of spacetime expansion between galaxies, V=HoD, extends infinitely to the pas. It is truly an example of ‘creationism’ in physics, based in mathematics. And it merely ignores what physicists do in all other analysis – the need to eliminate infinities and infinitesimals through ‘renormalization’ and cut-off processes – in this case the galaxies from where the emission of spacetime light takes place, which balance the Universe with its implosive gravitation.

Yet the rule of big-bang theory is to exaggerate experimental analysis. Such is the case of the background radiation observed only in the galaxy, which is considered with zero proofs to come from all the corners of the Universe. We falsify those arguments and many more in our analysis of cosmology. The graphs below show them at true value. Perhaps the most notorious is the finding of the supposed central track of the big-bang exactly above and below the galaxy, which shows not to come from 13 billion years light away but exactly from where it comes the background radiation – the galaxy itself.

Latter on we shall explain the alternative model of the big-bang, as a simple black hole the size of the commonest object of the galaxy, a moon will radiate exactly the same temperature. So it is more logic to consider that radiation comes from the galaxy, from some form of dark matter, black holes or strangelets which will redshift to such temperature the light of the galaxy.

The study of the galatom, the super organism of matter that extends across 3 scales of the fifth dimension, in which human co-exist, and it IS *defined not by entropy as the vacuum space of cosmological ‘electromagnetic waves’ between **gal atoms, but by a vortex of growing form, growing information, shared by every ‘entity living within the galatom – reason why information NOT entropy as physicists pretend is the dominant arrow of the galatom’s internal organisms*.As such physics studies the largest ‘nested’ Universe but his deformation as a science by *the worldly profession of ‘human’ physicists – to make weapons of **entropic destruction – * is so extreme that the name seems to be tainted by those lineal, entropic errors. This only compares for the same reason with economics, the science that builds those machines, so deformed by ‘money’, as its only language of information, and detached from history, the super organism of mankind it should serve, that we also called ‘economics’, $, as *it is not really the science of economics, the praxis of achieving the maximal welfare for the maximal number of human beings, but the ‘idol-ogy of capitalism’, full of myths and half truths.*

Human Physics thus are plagued with so many pseudo-scientific errors in its cosmological theories (big-bang, time arrow) due to its errors of lineal time, its worldly profession – making transport machines and weapon of entropic destruction that among the natural sciences cosmology is by far the most deformed one. *Problem is Humans are not humble enough to understand the fractal Universe: an absolutely relative infinite reality where each atom is like a galaxy (but not exactly, fractals are slightly disimilar), each galaxy like an ‘anti-atom’ (as it has the maximal mass in it halo), and the forces of scales are **parallel: electromagnetism is parallel to dark entropy expansion between galaxies, constantly increasing distances and ‘adding’ electromagnetic density. *

It is difficult to stress the degree of primitivism for the intuitive perception of the cyclical space-time regions and beings of the Universe, that represents to ‘simplify’ into linearity the infinite time clocks of information of the Universe. Once this informative quality of time cycles disappears, reality which is a flow of time-space cycles, synchronized and chained to each other by organic functions disappears.

And so man looses any understanding of the vital nature of the Universe, and starts to measure lineal motions as the meaning of it all. The vt=s, which has minimal information becomes then the regular form of knowledge, where the frequency and form of discontinuous time cycles disappears.

Let us then INTRODUCE THE TWO GREAT CHANGES ON THE FRACTAL UNIVERSE: ITS 3 CO-EXISTING SCALES, 3 TOPOLOGIES AND 3-AGES IN TIME, ALL SELF-CENTERED IN THE ±MIND membrains, with its opposite tensions.

**5D metric ‘generator’. Its 3 ∆±1 physical scales in time seen as a ****worldcycle – no longer a worldline.**

According to Klein dimension exists when we can travel through it in space and time due to the co-invariance of some space-time co-ordinates, which we can ‘match’ at each step of the journey to be in harmonic balance with the ‘co-ordinates’ of the dimension’.

In the 5^{th} dimension the co-ordinates of space are ‘size’ (static point of view) or ‘entropy’ (dynamic point of view) and the co-ordinates of time are ‘cyclical clock speed’, the frequency, at which a cycle of space-time closes its trajectory and repeats itself. And motion is then understood as processes of growth along the coordinates of space (growth in size in a quanta of time) and along the dimensions of time (growth in speed of information or diminution) and what is more effective as it maximizes growth (max. S x T->S≈T) a balanced growth of both systems in a discontinuous beat: ∆S->∆T->∆S, which is the stop and go, motion and information, process most common to the Universe.

So another from to explain reality is to consider that all what exists are motions in the 5^{th} dimension of fractal space-time beings.

In the graph we can see 3 of such scales and its relative size and speed measure in frequency (the inverse of lineal time duration: T=1/ƒ=1/ð, whereas ð is the fundamental symbols for cyclical time), a galaxy, a human and a DNA.

Those scales create in groups of 3 ∆±1 ‘universal planes’, complex organic systems, in which the faster speeds and information of smaller systems, codes larger wholes, which in turn control the motions of the smaller systems. And those are precisely the organic properties of the Universe, which extend also to physical systems.

Now we can understand better the concept of present space-time: the beat of DNA is much faster than that of the organism, in time, but its spatial size is much smaller. Yet since information is coded by the number of ‘beats’ of present of the being (bits in informative jargon, but we prefer in 5D formalism to slightly change terminology to establish the new paradigm, as all older definitions tend to be approximations to the larger concepts), if the organism was to store information it will do it in the lower scale of DNA faster coding; if the engineer wants to process information it will develop a smaller chip.

Information thus is small, and time cycles are faster. And so quantum particles, genes and memes (ideologies of the mind, often imprinted externally in objects of information, technology and culture, books, etc.) are the codifier in physical, biological and social systems of larger wholes, matter, organisms and societies.

Next we observe the interaction between cycles of time in present, and past information easily: a present timespace cycle does have both components, as it develops, the motion in time, which is made of small steps of open spatial lineal motion, till it locks in into a closed cycle. At this point the ‘memory bit’ is created. And as the Active Magnitude, or particle-point, doing the cycle establishes there a discontinuity – having created a void, feeding on the path of entropic motion it curves, this ‘remain’ of the days, will then no longer be active.

And so the space-time beat becomes an informative bit that shrinks deflated and becomes stored, as it warps in its ‘3^{rd} old age of information’, without spatial entropy to maintain its ‘extension’. This is how the Universe works: a point of future in a ƒð-mind, in an Ä-point, which is merely the ‘shrunk mirror image’ of a mind, of a past cycle, blows up the memory into an action in space-time present, and then this action becomes a bit of information shrinking and disappearing, but perhaps remembered by the active magnitude or observed by other entity that will create an image of it and will re-enact the action.

And so this is what all is about: fractal beings tracing paths of space-time, enacted from future minds, remaining past actions, that are mirrored and repeated.

This is the conservation game of the Universe, what matters to it: to keep repeating their cycles, and then shrinking, evolving them, synchronizing them, making them act together in larger wholes. There is nothing abstract, not written in stone in those processes.

An invariance that extends to the 3 ‘co-existing scales’ of any given Universal Super-organism, synchronized in its internal and external time clocks. during its wo*rld cycle between conception and extinction.*

Standard Cosmology is taught as today with only 4 dimensions, 3 of space and one of time – beyond some fringe string theories, and quantum interpretations, using infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces (De Witt-Wheeler equations).

In this landscape, space is continuous, a single flat sheet, with a very thin high dimension and 2 of length and width extended till a limit known as the cosmological horizon. On the other hand, time is lineal and finite, a single dimension both in duration, with a beginning that cuts an interval, called the ‘big-bang birth’, and different ‘theories’ about its end, which however must exist at least in a metaphysical way, because this ‘time dimension’, expands and relax space, erasing the forms of reality. So Time is not only lineal in duration but as an ‘arrow’ of devolution’, it implies an explosive, ‘entropic’, motion that increases space and diminishes form.

We shall call this ‘arrow of entropic time’ that increases space, $.

We could use the word S, which is used in physics for both space (static view) and Entropy (moving view), but as we are building a different paradigm, we need to use new symbols and as we are building a paradigm based in bidimensional ‘minimal elements’ of reality, which constantly switch state between the two ‘metaphysical properties’ of all realities, to be made of ‘formal motions’, hence of ‘form’ (still perception) and ‘motion’, we prefer to use dual Symbols. So $ stands for *Spatial Extension* or growing **S**iz**e**.

The problem with such standard cosmology is dual. On one side it does not correspond truly to experimental evidence and leaks all over the place minor errors of observation, which are rather dismissed for the sake of the theory that accepted as the scientific method obliges. The second problem is that it is too simple and so it accounts for very few facts and properties of reality, which is solved also by reducing through bulk dismissal all other properties of the cosmos and its parts, we observe and don’t fit the model. On this humans are truly skillful. And so in the same fashion religions based in completely outdated paradigms can refurbish and reborn with new myths, and dare to argue them, the standard cosmology might last forever.

Different regions of the Universe run at different speed its time clocks, and those time clocks run faster in smaller systems. We can then build a fractal dimension of relative sizes from the smallest quantum particles to the larger galaxies. Physicists have only explored this mathematical dimension in terms of size.

They have NOT matched the relationship between sizes and time clocks, which is the big ‘leap’ of knowledge require to make sense of the Universe, and its different scales, each one studied by a science. In that regard, the proper mathematical understanding of the ‘metric’ of the 5^{th} dimension, and its application to each science – as all of them happen in ‘fractal space’ and study repetitive ‘patterns’ and events that define those ‘time cycles’ – is the biggest theoretical advance of philosophy of science in the last decades. We introduce in this section a few posts on the theme related to physics, specifically particle and cosmological physics. These posts show how ‘thought experiments’ are still the best way to advance science. They are though only the tip of an iceberg of ‘future knowledge’ to be explored by new generations of researchers.

** I. 5D ASTRONOMY.**

**Experimental Proof of the Fractal Structure of the Universe.**

*In the graph, several experimental proofs of the fractal 5D organic structure of all beings of reality: *

*On the left, we can see the growth of a ‘new dimension of temporal height’, in the process of accumulation of bosons. In the centre above, the Sloan fractal map of galaxies. Below the comparison of our region of the Universe with a neuronal cell; on the right, an ice fractal, a plant and a river and a lung.*

For tat reason the reader is advised to consult first the most general post on 5D and Philosophy of Science, whose aim is to unify all sciences, and the general one on physical systems, ∆±i: Astrœphysical systems, before reading this post on Astronomy.

In case the reader goes forward, we introduce the absolute bare bone concepts of the organic, 5D fractal structure of reality, which are its 3 arrows of time and symmetries with the 3 space organs of al fractal systems of he Universe, and the Principle of relativity between motion and stillness.

In the previous graph we show some experimental proofs of the fractal structure of space-time in all the relative ‘scales of size’ and ‘time speeds’ (5D scales) of the Universe.

Each photograph is a fractal structure, taken from different sciences that study different entities of nature since each part of the Universe has a fractal structure, and so does the Universe at large, made of all those fractal parts.

In March 2007, after Pietronero, an Italian astrophysicist, showed the fractal nature of the Universe, tabulating an enormous number of galaxies, whose distribution was fractal, the magazine *New Scientist* published an article on the theme, confronting Mr. Pietronero and Mr. Hogg, a quantum physicist from the previous outdated probabilistic, mechanist, quantum paradigm:

“The universe is not a fractal,” Hogg insists, “and if it were a fractal, it would create many more problems than we currently have.” A universe patterned by fractals would throw all of cosmology out the window. The big bang would be tossed first, and the expansion of the universe following closely behind.

Hoggs’s team feels that until there’s a theory to explain why the galaxy clustering is fractal, there’s no point in taking it seriously. “My view is that there’s no reason to even contemplate a fractal structure for the universe until there is a physical fractal model,” says Hogg. “Until there’s an inhomogeneous fractal model to test, it’s like tilting at windmills.”

Pietronero is equally insistent. “This is fact,” he says. “It’s not a theory.” He says he is interested only in what he sees in the data and argues that the galaxies are fractal regardless of whether someone can explain why.

As it turns out, there is a model that may be able to explain a fractal universe. The work of a little-known French astrophysicist named Laurent Nottale, the theory is called scale relativity. According to Nottale, the distribution of matter in the universe is fractal because space-time itself is fractal. It is a theory on the fringe, but if the universe does turn out to be fractal, more people might sit up and take notice.

A resolution to the fractal debate will only come with more data. Sloan is currently charting more galaxies and will release a new map in the middle of 2008.

Of course, the Sloan 2008 showed the Universe is a fractal.

This should have been big news all over the world. But that means, as Hogg recognizes, that we have to throw to the trash the big bang and the expansion of the Universe, accept the fractal informative structure of reality, and close down some big projects of science, such as the large hadron collider, which will merely cause a planetary big bang, very different from a hypothetical birth of the entire Universe (impossible in a Fractal Paradigm, which at best would consider a ‘larger’ scale above galaxies).

So how can we reconcile the fractal structure of the Universe – a massive evident fact of science, in the whole and all its parts – and the knowledge that space expands between galaxies, accelerating its motion, in a fashion similar to the entropic expansion of a gas, in the molecular scale?

**Logic Consistency: The Infinite, Hierarchical Universe**

A good description of the fractal universe and its logic principles is this text from the Web by Mr. Oldershaw from Amherst University:

“With regard to cosmology, we live at a very privileged time. When we read about exciting and revolutionary paradigm changes, in which our most fundamental ideas about nature undergo radical revisions, the drama usually has taken place well before we were born. Today, however, we have the rare opportunity of witnessing at first hand a profound transformation in our understanding of how the Universe is structured. This ongoing change of cosmological paradigms from a “small” finite cosmos to an infinite fractal cosmos began about two decades ago and is in full swing at present. The short version of what is happening goes like this. For about 50 years the Big Bang model of the Universe has provided an excellent explanation for the basic cosmological observations: a very large-scale expansion, an approximately uniform background of microwave radiation and a unique set of abundances for the atomic elements. However, there were some technical problems with this model, such as an a causal beginning of space-time, a lack of magnetic monopoles, an unexpectedly high degree of uniformity, and an enigmatic knife-edge balance between the open and closed states.

Then in the early 1980s Alan Guth^{4} showed how these and other problems with the Big Bang model could be solved in one fell swoop with the Inflationary Scenario. But, an ironic thing has happened. Although the Inflationary Scenario was developed to rescue the Big Bang model, the most logical consequence of pursuing the concept of Inflation is the replacement the Big Bang paradigm with a much grander and more encompassing paradigm. According to Guth and a growing number of leading cosmologists, the most natural version of Inflation theory is Eternal Inflation in which Inflation is, was and always will be occurring on an infinite number of size scales. The new paradigm that cosmologists have arrived at by several routes is an infinite fractal hierarchy that has “universes” within “universes” without end. The astronomer Carl Sagan once referred to the general idea of an infinite fractal universe as “strange, haunting, evocative—one of the most exquisite conjectures in science or religion.”

That is the basic story, but because of the profound changes the fractal paradigm will have on our understanding of the Universe and the place of humans within that Universe, it is important to explore the implications of this new vision. Firstly, there is no edge or boundary of the Universe; space is infinite in all directions. What we used to refer to as “The Universe” can be more appropriately called the “observable universe” (note the small “u”) or the “Hubble Volume,” and it is only a tiny part of what one might call our “metagalaxy” or “level 1 universe”. We currently have no way of determining the size of our metagalaxy or the number of galaxies it contains, but we could reasonably assume that both figures would be vastly beyond anything previously contemplated.

There would be an infinite number of these level 1 universes, and on an unimaginably large scale they too would be organized into level 2 universes, and so on without limit.

Secondly, time is also infinite in the unbounded Organic universe. Whereas our Hubble Volume may have come into being and began to expand approximately 13.7 billion years ago, the Universe has always existed and always will. Parts of the Universe may be created or annihilated, may undergo expansion or contraction, but the infinite fractal hierarchy remains unchanged overall, and thus is without any temporal limits.

Thirdly, there is no limit to size scales. In the infinite fractal paradigm there is no class of largest objects that would cap off the cosmological hierarchy; the hierarchy is infinite in scale.

This fact removes one of the more suspect aspects of the old paradigm. Natural philosophers had long noted the unusual fact that within the Big Bang paradigm humans found themselves roughly in the middle of nature’s hierarchy of size scales. This anthropocentric state of affairs seemed to violate the Copernican concept that when humans appear to be at the center of the cosmos, we should suspect that a bias is leading us astray. In an infinite fractal hierarchy there is no center of the Universe, nor any preferred reference frame.

Some interesting questions immediately arise. Why are fractal hierarchies so ubiquitous in nature? By studying empirical phenomena within the observable universe, how much will we be able to learn scientifically about the parts of the Universe that lie beyond our observational limits? Does the infinite cosmological hierarchy have a bottom-most scale of sub-atomic particles as is currently thought, or is this another artificial limit to an infinite Organic universe that actually extends without limits to ever smaller scales?

Centuries ago Immanuel Kant, J.H. Lambert and a few others proposed an infinite hierarchical model of nature based largely on natural philosophy arguments. This general hierarchical paradigm never garnered a large following, but it was kept alive by numerous rediscoveries. In the 1800s and 1900s quite a few scientists, including E.E. Fournier d’Albe, F. Selety, C.V.L. Charlier and G. de Vaucouleurs, argued for hierarchical cosmological models based on the hierarchical organization within the observable universe. Then toward the end of the 1970s, the mathematician B. B. Mandelbrot gave the hierarchical paradigm new life and widespread exposure by developing the mathematics of fractal geometry and demonstrating that fractal phenomena based on hierarchical self-similarity are ubiquitous in nature. In this way natural philosophers, empirical scientists, mathematicians and theoretical physicists have all found their way, slowly but surely, to the infinite fractal paradigm. There are many routes to this paradigm, and certainly there are a large number of distinct versions of the basic paradigm that have their own unique theoretical explanations for why nature is organized in this manner, but the general paradigm that nature is an infinite hierarchy of worlds within worlds has fully arrived, and will probably be our dominant cosmological paradigm for the foreseeable future.”

But what does it mean that the Universe is organized in fractal patterns of form? To fully grasp this concept, we have to realize that “fractal equations” are “organic equations,” which participate of the properties of organisms. Fractal equations create forms as life does. Fractal equations create self-similar “cells,” as life does. And in fact, they use the same term. Fractal equations are also called generator equations, as they are the mother cells that encode the information needed to repeat a living form. Finally a fractal equation will create a pattern of interconnected parts, which put together reproduce a whole, self-similar to their parts, as organisms do.

The only thing a fractal equation does not have is motion, as it is a simplified geometrical description of reality. So in the same manner, geometry lacks motion; simplified fractal equations didn’t have motion when they were first discovered.

But now, fractal science has advanced a step further, thanks to the evolution of fractal logic, duality, and non-Euclidean geometries, so we can understand finally the meaning of motion in the Universe.

**THE SUPŒRGANISM OF THE UNIVERSE (∆±4) and its ∆± 3- ‘****GALACELLS’**

The Universe is a super organism, which we see with different degrees of perception that make the view with more or less detail, but ultimately if we were to see the system.

*In the graph, the local tissue of the supœrganism of the Universe, Laniakea, the region in which our **gala cell exist, at the largest level of human perception of the ∞ scales of the fractal Universe. *

*Yet we only perceive 4% of reality outside our closer world, which happens to be the ‘ideal’ perception of a pi-cycle with three diametral perimeters (π-3/π=0.14/π=96% of dark reality not seen from a self-centred singularity in a pi cycle).*

This secondary law of the paradox of Galileo, itself a secondary law of the ‘mind’s equation’ structures our universal view. And make us thing reality is abstract, void of intelligence and life, static and our mind the only perceiver of it.

* The paradox of galileo – the maya of the senses, differentiating ‘motion from form’- form and distance are ‘mayas’ of the senses; as all its time and motion; when we get more information about a system. The 2 graphs represent the same local region of galaxies, in the right now that we have enough info, we see it as a flow of ‘gala cells’ transiting through veins of the cosmos, in the right as we used to see it – a dark series of ‘monad-galaxies’ with no motion. All in the Universe is ultimately a dynamic PART of a supœrganism, extending in three scales of the absolute 5th dimension of time-space, performing relative ternary worldcycles on time-space *

And so formally we observe we can treat all problems both as dynamic, topological problems with motion or as analytic geometry or sequential algebra of numbers, depending on which view we adopt.

As *mathematical physics has reached an extraordinary evolution, beyond some clarifying posts on Relativity **revis(it)ed and quantum realism (pilot-wave theory) and the customary corrections needed to straightforward the ‘act’, we shall concentrate in all the posts on the scales of physics, on the organic properties of physical supœrganisms, its scalar structure and ternary world cycles.*

When considering a new stience, in the isomorphic method we define its Γ.œ, generator function for each volume of the stience, a domain within the scales of the fifth dimension, of four dimensional structure and black and white wholes to the upper ∆+1 and lower ∆-1 scales of the fifth dimension.

Such block of timespace suffices to define most events happening around the systems of that scale of reality. Then we can define specific T.œ, generators of mind species, and get into as much detail as needed.

**Abstract. **The ∆+3 organism of the cosmos is the ‘cellular galaxy’, which we shall put in isomorphic comparison with the ∆o cell, the organism of the human scale to show its organic properties and with the ∆-2 atom, the organism of the quantum scale, to draw homologic comparisons of its topological and mathematical properties; *as we shall show:*

*The mathematical equivalence of atoms and galaxies, unifying both topologically and algebraically with the Unification equation of charges and masses, based in 5D metric equations.**And the organic parallelism with the cell, unifying both with the analysis of the vital functions of both organisms.*

The ∃xi≈stience of astrophysical systems is also ruled by the ternary isomorphism of space-time structures.

To understand that organic structure the best homology is between the 3 main ∃xistential functions of the 3 supœrganisms of the physical scales.

So we shall compare the galaxy with the supœrganism we obtain max. information, from the perspective of human perception, the ∆º, living cell.

Thus we compare the galaxy and the human ∆o-cell pov and its 3 elements: the Spe-membrane≈ halo, the singularity ≈ nucleus, and the cytoplasm ≈ star disk. And so we define the ‘galacell’ and its 3 topo-biological parts:

In the graph the Galacell, with a ‘dna’ gravitational species of information, ultra-dense black holes; surrounded by fractal points of energy, 3º stars, that form the body of the galactic organism; and a hard, protective membrane of ‘proteins-strangelets’.

Each of those parts will be made at ∆-1 scale of 3 distinguishable families of quark-atoms, of increasing mass.

So we find another ∆-1≈∆≈∆+1, coexisting organic homology, between the galactic parts and the 3 type of growing ‘informative ages of mass’ (studied in the post on ∆-1, quantum atomic physics):

- Spe-negative strangelets must be the components of the ‘protein-like’ hard halo that protects the galaxy from the outer ∆+1 dark energy world of the cosmological upper scale:
- Tiƒ: its central max. i gravitational black hole, must be made of top quarks, its ∆-1, quantum substance, which corresponds in parameters to the density of black holes.
- While, we star-dust are made of the lighter up and down quarks, forming the youngest family of atomic mass:

The galaxy atom is the ‘solid’ last scale above and below perceived from the ∆º humind, at i=±3, the scale of perception of forces as pure motion or pure form in the limits of our ‘being’.

As such the equivalence of both scales unified by a fractal simple equation rises many philosophical questions. From a point of view of astrophysical description it introduces two different perspectives over the same phenomenon: as we can see galaxies from a much larger scale, that of the human looking at the galaxy atom, and as outsiders, observing how electromagnetic energy between atoms is equivalent to dark entropy between galaxies, or we can adopt the smallish point of view as particles of a galactic star, a mere dust of space-time on the mythocondria of the gala cell. It is precisely in the description of physical systems from wildly knew perspectives what enriches the analysis of the galaxy atom in ∆@st physics.

*In the graph the 3 components of a biologically ‘sound’ understanding of Galacies at its ∆ and ∆-1 scales:*

*Tiƒ: black holes, which are born exceedingly hot and active, as all ‘seminal species’ are in the lower, ∆-1 scale of size, at the **compton wavelength as a heavy top quark particles , following Einstein’s search for cut off substances for ‘positive’ black holes.*

*Spe: A similar heavy form of elongated lumps of strange matter, should form the ‘negative’ halo of strange matter (Witten’s hypothesis of a halo made of strangelets, now again all the rage in astrophysics, but denied by the establishment of ‘nuclear, military research’ facilities, such as CERN, which merely states ‘stranglets do not exist, given the risk for a Nova explosion if they are produced at Earth.*

ST-energy: finally in between the ‘cytoplasm’ is formed by cyclical stars trapped between the ‘sword’ and the ‘wall’, future food of heavy quarks, which will collapse into dense dark matter information the galaxy, in its 20 billion year quasar cycle of ‘real big-bangs’.

*This is the most likely structure of galaxies, as it follows all the natural symmetries and efficient, economic laws of Nature (Ockham’s razor, co-existence of organic parts and wholes, Aristotelian hilozoism: wholes must have substance, etc). *

*The author merely has further developed in his work on the scalar fractal nature of the Universe ordered by a ‘5th dimension’ of relative scales, those concepts in his work on astrophysics. And so we will here give a general view of the Galaxy and its isomorphic laws, and time/interest permitted expand more professionally with mathematical physics those themes on the 4th line of the blog.*

The previous graph shows the ternary elements of the galacell:

The Halo-membrane of maximal extension in space, which selects the energy and information entering from the outer space (solution to Oort’s horizon problem – why the Universe does not seem full of light; answer: not all pass through the membrane of the Halo)…

The cyclical space-time region, the plane of stars, falling towards its centre of information, the black holes that command the creation of the galaxy.

This is the fundamental physical system of the Universe, already described by Descartes, who said all is made of res extensa (space), and cyclical vortices of time-space with a central point of reference that measures reality or ‘mind’. *Since all systems respond to ‘trinity’ and *can be modelled, as we have observed in different graphs, with such 3-topological structure.

So the ∆+1, gravitational galaxy, the ∆-thermodynamic crystal and the ∆-1 quantum atom with its electronic cover, centred nucleus of mass, and intermediate space-time where forces of gravitation and electromagnetism are constantly exchanged, are described logically AS the 3 fundamental particles of physics, both topologically and with biological, organic laws.

Trinity indeed is the key to the unification and understanding of the Universe, as a whole and all its parts, self-centered entities of time-space, protected by an external membrane with an enclosed cyclical body that put together create the FUNDAMENTAL PARTICLE, of the puzzle of supœrganisms the Universe is.

Indeed, the true beauty of those 3 physical systems is found when we compare them with the organic cells and see their isomorphisms:

∆o: The DNA invaginates with Golgi conducts the vital cytoplasm it exploits, surrounded by the faster membrane of proteins, which act in its formal position as a membrane.

∆-3: The magnetic field surrounds the charge and encloses the vital space of electromagnetic fields the charges controls.

∆±1: So happens with a crystalline planet protected by its magnetic field that steams out of the central charge and surrounds it.

∆+3: And the galaxy has in its center a black hole, which invaginates with gravitational waves the whole cytoplasm forming the ‘underlying wave-structure of the body of stars’.

And it is surrounded by a halo of dense fast rotating strangelet quarks, so the stars and planets within it will become LIKELY converted into black holes in Nova explosions or strangelets.

*The role of human beings in the galactic organism .*

All this rises the question of the role of human beings in the galactic organism, as we do not observe traces of A.I. or L.I (artificial, robotic or human life) in a galaxy filled with planets, the most numerous components that should feed the outer strangelet halo and black holes, the more dense, which we know are born of the Nova explosion of stars. Thus since we are made of the lighter ud-atoms, sandwiched between the BH sword and the Halo wall, so to speak, we seem to have a ‘mitochondria’ role as a source of matter and energy for the evolution of the heavier families of quark-matter… Hence the irresponsibility of Nuclear physicists trying to create dark matter on Earth – an ethic element, which is relevant as vital, survival laws do matter in an organic Universe.

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