**FOREWORD.**

In the Fourth Line, we study in greater detail each Plane of Existence of the Humind’s perceived Universe between the invisible force of ∆-4 gravitation and the hardly perceived ∆+4 galactic cosmos.

We do so unlike in the first and second line, where we first explained the spatial super organisms as a whole structure made of pentalogic elements, ¬ entropic limits, Spatial topologies, Temporal ages, ternary scales and a linguistic mind, performing its actions of survival and then studied in a scientific classic jargon, the nested scalar supœrganisms of human stiences, decreasing in size and complexity (Galatom, Earth in its 3 ages, as Gaia>History>Metal-earth, Humans, its minds, and the minds of the Universe and its mathematical, logic and organic languages), with a more detailed temporal analysis strictu senso, by describing the 3 main **þ**lacental palingenetic cycle, ∃**xistential lifecycle** and §**ocial** worldcycles all those super organisms live through between birth and extinction or the very rare transcendental worldcycle of resurrection, through the Ðisomorphic method; which means to study, the 3 scales and worldcycles of each being, self-centered in its relative ∆º seed-mind:

Thus 2 closed and open world cycles suffice for most species to close its zero sum, including æntropic man that shows little capacity to go beyond its cycle of life and death, to organize an immortal History as an efficient superorganism.

We subdivide them as the graph explains in **5Ð¹² ‘elements’, **highlighted through the 3 worldcycles of Placental evolution, existential life cycle and social world, explained in detail in further sub-posts time permitted (or for future researchers to complete), as we run in a dynamic sequential form the 3 worldcycles of the system, first seeded by a parental system, as an informative still seed, which will follow the immanent program of existence, reproduce with the available energy, evolve and emerge from its ‘generator’ cycle as a larger whole, a 1, part of a relative, ~~∞~~ world where it will perform its 5 Dimotions=actions of vital existence to survive through the complex Dimotions of present iterative reproduction, and future evolution, in a social world of scales, which improves its chances as part of a larger whole, till entropy sets and the organism dies… but might resurrect partially in the memories of its genes and memes or even become a transcendental mind of a longer Cycle and larger Superorganism.

Thus in the 3rd line we studied in detail the ’12 Disomorphic set of properties’ of all beings, with different levels of entangled, ¡logic analysis, and examples from physical, biologic and social systems.

While the fourth line will enunciate them for each main species of each main scale, widening its analysis as I see fit, within my limited lifecycle and dwindling interest.

Secondary subposts that might study specific organic species and worldcycles in mind, time, space actions and scales.

We shall thus in this post summarize the 5Ð**¹****²**¡**somorphisms and 3 worldcycles **of atoms, in its ternary scales, topologic forms and temporal ages, in a dynamic causal way as all ‘entities’ are Generated by a seed-mind that first perceives and develops the being as a mirror of the information it codes within its ‘specific code’ which for atoms are quantum numbers, and in its more social forms – electromagnetic forces.

So we first introduce in this post the 3×4=12 Ðisomorphisms that conform an atom-galaxy in either of both scales, studying briefly each of those elements.

**An organic, fractal 5Ð³ Universe of a big-bang singularity?**

** **The cosmos or hyper-Universe is the plane of existence of the Galatom. As a physical plane, we differentiate it from ‘Reality’, which is the ‘Game of existence’ of all the planes that might be infinite, or limited by the atoms and galaxies, self-similar in form and forces (and a possible lower plane of lineal strings of $t motions and cyclical strings of §ð motions). That is, a non experimental duality – though theoretically seems more sound and infinite reality…

At the heart of all philosophies of science of mankind there is a larger dispute – what is reality, organic or mechanical? As machines are clearly evolving into organisms of metal, AI robots with solar skins the dispute is being resolved ‘de facto’. Machines are simple organisms, and when we expand this concept to physical sciences we can safely affirm that mechanical, lineal models of the Universe, based in a single ‘arrow of time’, entropy and locomotion, such as the big-bang, are simplified versions of a more complex Universe built with two arrows of timespace, temporal energy – a wide term for all kind of motions – and spatial information, its opposite ‘forms’, which define a ‘fractal Universe’ of multiple scales which from the atom to the galaxy repeat similar structures, and likely ‘restart’ with the galaxy as an atom of a hyper-universe, the same infinite game.

We shall in this post confront both models – the simple, reductionist model of a big-bang Universe with a single arrow of entropic time, mortal in time and finite in space vs. the complex model of an organic fractal, immortal in time and infinite in scale.

Let us introduce briefly both models, and its supposed proofs:

As an image is worth a thousand words, the simplest way to show the 5D scalar, organic Universe is to make a picture of it and a few of its parts made as all fractal systems are to the image and likeness of the whole:

** Experimental Proof of the Fractal Structure of the Universe.**

*In the graph, several experimental proofs of the fractal 5D organic structure of all beings of reality: *

*On the left, we can see the growth of a ‘new dimension of temporal height’, in the process of accumulation of bosons. In the centre above, the Sloan fractal map of galaxies. Below the comparison of our region of the Universe with a neuronal cell; on the right, an ice fractal, a plant and a river and a lung.*

For tat reason the reader is advised to consult first the most general post on 5D and Philosophy of Science, whose aim is to unify all sciences, and the general one on physical systems, ∆±i: Astrœphysical systems, before reading this post on Astronomy.

In case the reader goes forward, we introduce the absolute bare bone concepts of the organic, 5D fractal structure of reality, which are its 3 arrows of time and symmetries with the 3 space organs of al fractal systems of he Universe, and the Principle of relativity between motion and stillness.

In the previous graph we show some experimental proofs of the fractal structure of space-time in all the relative ‘scales of size’ and ‘time speeds’ (5D scales) of the Universe.

Each photograph is a fractal structure, taken from different sciences that study different entities of nature since each part of the Universe has a fractal structure, and so does the Universe at large, made of all those fractal parts.

In March 2007, after Pietronero, an Italian astrophysicist, showed the fractal nature of the Universe, tabulating an enormous number of galaxies, whose distribution was fractal, the magazine *New Scientist* published an article on the theme, confronting Mr. Pietronero and Mr. Hogg, a quantum physicist from the previous outdated probabilistic, mechanist, quantum paradigm:

“The universe is not a fractal,” Hogg insists, “and if it were a fractal, it would create many more problems than we currently have.” A universe patterned by fractals would throw all of cosmology out the window. The big bang would be tossed first, and the expansion of the universe following closely behind.

Hoggs’s team feels that until there’s a theory to explain why the galaxy clustering is fractal, there’s no point in taking it seriously. “My view is that there’s no reason to even contemplate a fractal structure for the universe until there is a physical fractal model,” says Hogg. “Until there’s an inhomogeneous fractal model to test, it’s like tilting at windmills.”

Pietronero is equally insistent. “This is fact,” he says. “It’s not a theory.” He says he is interested only in what he sees in the data and argues that the galaxies are fractal regardless of whether someone can explain why.

As it turns out, there is a model that may be able to explain a fractal universe. The work of a little-known French astrophysicist named Laurent Nottale, the theory is called scale relativity. According to Nottale, the distribution of matter in the universe is fractal because space-time itself is fractal. It is a theory on the fringe, but if the universe does turn out to be fractal, more people might sit up and take notice.

A resolution to the fractal debate will only come with more data. Sloan is currently charting more galaxies and will release a new map in the middle of 2008.

Of course, the Sloan 2008 showed the Universe is a fractal.

This should have been big news all over the world. But that means, as Hogg recognizes, that we have to throw to the trash the big bang and the expansion of the Universe, accept the fractal informative structure of reality, and close down some big projects of science, such as the large hadron collider, which will merely cause a planetary big bang, very different from a hypothetical birth of the entire Universe (impossible in a Fractal Paradigm, which at best would consider a ‘larger’ scale above galaxies).

So how can we reconcile the fractal structure of the Universe – a massive evident fact of science, in the whole and all its parts – and the knowledge that space expands between galaxies, accelerating its motion, in a fashion similar to the entropic expansion of a gas, in the molecular scale?

**Logic Consistency: The Infinite, Hierarchical Universe**

A good description of the fractal universe and its logic principles is this text from the Web by Mr. Oldershaw from Amherst University:

“With regard to cosmology, we live at a very privileged time. When we read about exciting and revolutionary paradigm changes, in which our most fundamental ideas about nature undergo radical revisions, the drama usually has taken place well before we were born. Today, however, we have the rare opportunity of witnessing at first hand a profound transformation in our understanding of how the Universe is structured. This ongoing change of cosmological paradigms from a “small” finite cosmos to an infinite fractal cosmos began about two decades ago and is in full swing at present. The short version of what is happening goes like this. For about 50 years the Big Bang model of the Universe has provided an excellent explanation for the basic cosmological observations: a very large-scale expansion, an approximately uniform background of microwave radiation and a unique set of abundances for the atomic elements. However, there were some technical problems with this model, such as an a causal beginning of space-time, a lack of magnetic monopoles, an unexpectedly high degree of uniformity, and an enigmatic knife-edge balance between the open and closed states.

Then in the early 1980s Alan Guth^{4} showed how these and other problems with the Big Bang model could be solved in one fell swoop with the Inflationary Scenario. But, an ironic thing has happened. Although the Inflationary Scenario was developed to rescue the Big Bang model, the most logical consequence of pursuing the concept of Inflation is the replacement the Big Bang paradigm with a much grander and more encompassing paradigm. According to Guth and a growing number of leading cosmologists, the most natural version of Inflation theory is Eternal Inflation in which Inflation is, was and always will be occurring on an infinite number of size scales. The new paradigm that cosmologists have arrived at by several routes is an infinite fractal hierarchy that has “universes” within “universes” without end. The astronomer Carl Sagan once referred to the general idea of an infinite fractal universe as “strange, haunting, evocative—one of the most exquisite conjectures in science or religion.”

That is the basic story, but because of the profound changes the fractal paradigm will have on our understanding of the Universe and the place of humans within that Universe, it is important to explore the implications of this new vision. Firstly, there is no edge or boundary of the Universe; space is infinite in all directions. What we used to refer to as “The Universe” can be more appropriately called the “observable universe” (note the small “u”) or the “Hubble Volume,” and it is only a tiny part of what one might call our “metagalaxy” or “level 1 universe”. We currently have no way of determining the size of our metagalaxy or the number of galaxies it contains, but we could reasonably assume that both figures would be vastly beyond anything previously contemplated.

There would be an infinite number of these level 1 universes, and on an unimaginably large scale they too would be organized into level 2 universes, and so on without limit.

Secondly, time is also infinite in the unbounded Organic universe. Whereas our Hubble Volume may have come into being and began to expand approximately 13.7 billion years ago, the Universe has always existed and always will. Parts of the Universe may be created or annihilated, may undergo expansion or contraction, but the infinite fractal hierarchy remains unchanged overall, and thus is without any temporal limits.

Thirdly, there is no limit to size scales. In the infinite fractal paradigm there is no class of largest objects that would cap off the cosmological hierarchy; the hierarchy is infinite in scale.

This fact removes one of the more suspect aspects of the old paradigm. Natural philosophers had long noted the unusual fact that within the Big Bang paradigm humans found themselves roughly in the middle of nature’s hierarchy of size scales. This anthropocentric state of affairs seemed to violate the Copernican concept that when humans appear to be at the center of the cosmos, we should suspect that a bias is leading us astray. In an infinite fractal hierarchy there is no center of the Universe, nor any preferred reference frame.

Some interesting questions immediately arise. Why are fractal hierarchies so ubiquitous in nature? By studying empirical phenomena within the observable universe, how much will we be able to learn scientifically about the parts of the Universe that lie beyond our observational limits? Does the infinite cosmological hierarchy have a bottom-most scale of sub-atomic particles as is currently thought, or is this another artificial limit to an infinite Organic universe that actually extends without limits to ever smaller scales?

Centuries ago Immanuel Kant, J.H. Lambert and a few others proposed an infinite hierarchical model of nature based largely on natural philosophy arguments. This general hierarchical paradigm never garnered a large following, but it was kept alive by numerous rediscoveries. In the 1800s and 1900s quite a few scientists, including E.E. Fournier d’Albe, F. Selety, C.V.L. Charlier and G. de Vaucouleurs, argued for hierarchical cosmological models based on the hierarchical organization within the observable universe. Then toward the end of the 1970s, the mathematician B. B. Mandelbrot gave the hierarchical paradigm new life and widespread exposure by developing the mathematics of fractal geometry and demonstrating that fractal phenomena based on hierarchical self-similarity are ubiquitous in nature. In this way natural philosophers, empirical scientists, mathematicians and theoretical physicists have all found their way, slowly but surely, to the infinite fractal paradigm. There are many routes to this paradigm, and certainly there are a large number of distinct versions of the basic paradigm that have their own unique theoretical explanations for why nature is organized in this manner, but the general paradigm that nature is an infinite hierarchy of worlds within worlds has fully arrived, and will probably be our dominant cosmological paradigm for the foreseeable future.”

But what does it mean that the Universe is organized in fractal patterns of form? To fully grasp this concept, we have to realize that “fractal equations” are “organic equations,” which participate of the properties of organisms. Fractal equations create forms as life does. Fractal equations create self-similar “cells,” as life does. And in fact, they use the same term. Fractal equations are also called generator equations, as they are the mother cells that encode the information needed to repeat a living form. Finally a fractal equation will create a pattern of interconnected parts, which put together reproduce a whole, self-similar to their parts, as organisms do.

The only thing a fractal equation does not have is motion, as it is a simplified geometrical description of reality. So in the same manner, geometry lacks motion; simplified fractal equations didn’t have motion when they were first discovered.

But now, fractal science has advanced a step further, thanks to the evolution of fractal logic, duality, and non-Euclidean geometries, so we can understand finally the meaning of motion in the Universe.

# ∆+4: COSMOS

**SUMMARY. **

**Introduction:** The cosmos. Its partially known 5 Disomorphisms.

PARTI I.

ITS 11 DISOMORPHISMS. WHAT WEK NOW.The Universal Supœrganism in fractal space.

∆±i: ¡ts generator and metric equation (1st Ðisomorphism)

∆²: its time-space states and gender (2nd Isomorphism)

∆§: ¡ts inner cellular planes (10th Ðisomorphism)

∆³: Its body networks: Gravitational and Electromagnetic forces. (3rd Disomorphism)

∆º: Its mind-particle: the black hole (0th Disomorphism)

∆+1: Its world planes (9th Ðisomorphisms).

**0**^{th} isomorphism: MONADS

^{th}isomorphism: MONADS

The black hole is the Tƒ center of galaxies and Universes, and center of gravitation. Its equations are in the higher scale the same than protons in the lower scale. So the hypothesis that *quarks and black holes are on the limiting ∆-3,4 scales the ‘perfect forms’ and the game becomes infinite between each 10 scalar symmetries from quarks to holes to quarks, is well-grounded in GST advanced metric equations.*

Let us now return to the philosophical understanding of the Universe, with a simple question. Are the scales of the Universe infinite? And why we seem to see the same forms in the far away and closer view of it?

**∆º MINDS: CREATION**

‘The logic of Logos, mind of the Universe is of a higher order than man’s’ Saint Augustine

** 0. MINDS-POINTS OF VIEW IN PHYSICAL SYSTEMS**

*0 ^{th} isomorphism: Self:* Œ-Point x ∞ World = Constant mind Mapping

Black holes are ‘gravitational animals’ which become in the central swarm the ‘DNA’ of the ‘gala cell’, which controls its reproductive stars. The galaxy in that sense must be compared not only with an atom at physical level but with a cell at organic one.

Black holes are protons of the cosmic scales in a new ∆=10 game. They embody the ‘mind’ of the galaxy. They are the key to explain the stability of the Universe, almost immortal quark systems, the most perfect top predator of the game of existence…

**TIME VORTICES. CHARGES & MASSES – UNIFICATION EQUATION**

Unification equation of charges and masses converts each galaxy into an atom and so it reduces further the number of variations of scales to an infinite game of ¹¹11 variations on the same theme

Here again mind-mirrors and reality make indistinguishable both worlds beyond which nothing can be observed, but I am on the opinion that the Universal fractal offers more variations; so the galaxy *is only similar to the atom*. And this means we cannot truly know the full range of laws of the cosmos, beyond a first observance that galaxies are more similar to antiparticles with its maximal mass in the halo.

**The vortex of time and its 3 ages.**

*All including humans are fractal systems made of multiple cyclical time clocks, Tiƒ, that enclose and inform a moving vital space centered into a selfish point of view, ⊗, which encodes the ‘action-will’ (a,ei,ou) of the system, whose purpose is to repeat and perpetuate the formal motions of the being.*

Moreover, most of those time clocks and cyclical trajectories follow the laws of angular momentum (time clocks of the human scale) , of spins, (time clocks of the H-planck scale), of masses, charges, and all kind of vortices: they accelerate inwards (Vo=K Ro).

So ‘Time curves space into masses’ (Einstein), *time accelerates and grows the information of a system towards a 3rd age of maximal information* and minimal space, or *old age of the time cycle, after which the cycle explodes back into entropy, and erases its information. Hence we can define an equation of space-time, now in terms of diachronic cycles of existence between life and death:*

Ps>Ft<Ps

Whereas we have changed the order of Space (Sp), to signify the relative Past (Ps) or erasing of information which is the relative arrow of the fractal entropy process of death, and we have changed the order of Tƒ, to Ft (diachronic view of information), which is the arrow of relative future of a system. since systems start in a relative past of maximal entropy, increase their information towards the future through the ages of life, and death explode back closing a world cycle’, back to the past.

The simplicity of this equation, which can be obviously expressed with all the due details of complex General Relativity and quantum physics, when studying mathematical physics, easily translated into varieties, iterations and combinations of the 3 arrows of time and symmetric 3 organs of space, is perhaps the strongest proof of the fractal paradigm according to the fundamental tenants of the scientific method: we must always hold a higher truth, experimental evidence and then the logic postulates of the Scientific method, some of which are shown in the graph:

Experimental evidence, logic cause, Ockham’s razor (a simple economic truth that explains more things and requires less elements is more truth) and no falsification. Only when there is evidence of a fact and a model is logically sound, we can go further into its mathematical simple equations ‘first’, and then further into the ‘detailed’ more complex equations of the system.

But to complete the fractal paradigm we need a final element, which is obvious in all systems of nature, its scalar structure in different co-existent levels of reality, as you are made of cells, put together into larger organisms, parts of larger societies, and physical systems are made of atoms, put together into molecular, thermodynamic systems part of gravitational wholes. So if we call each of those scales an ∆±n scale of anew dimension that puts all those fractal parts of space with relative different cyclical time clocks, together, we complete the model of the fractal Universe by adding…

**The frames of reference – mental points of view.**

So we find in the Universe always 3 elements in all systems, which correspond to the 3 ‘topologies’ of mathematics, and the 3 ‘ages’ of life world cycles (since life is cyclical ,changes in time are NOT worldlines as physicists believe, but world cycles):

The vital space of lineal motions, enclosed by the cyclical membranes and time cycles, focused in a central point of view or frame of reference, of maximal density of information that gauges information, linguistically and has the structure of a Non-Euclidean, Fractal point, through which multiple ‘parallels of energy and information’ can cross.

This ‘mind, soul, god, monad, Maxwellian Demon’ that creates the order of the Universe will be then defined by a simple mathematical equation and geometry as a ⊗-point, whose function will be to maintain the whole system ‘stable’; that is in biological terms ‘to make it survive’.

It does not need to be conscious, but as Leibniz described it in his work on monads, apperceive mathematically, vegetatively or linguistically, because simply speaking, Evolution implies that a system which ‘maintains the ‘whole’ stable and survive lasts on time. So automatically as time goes, ONLY systems who had this ternary efficient, symmetric, stable configuration have lasted, have been selected.

This definition, when translated to mathematical physics, coupled with the Principle of Relativity as defined by Poincare-Einstein, ‘we cannot distinguish motion from stillness’ will allow us to derive all the laws of Physics and explains its main systems. So for example, an atom has a central point of view of maximal density; but it has the advantage that can be applied to all other sciences, to define all the laws of knowledge.

In that regard, a more telling qualification of the system is one in which we put together the Membrane and central point of view, as two connected elements, which invaginate with fixed or dynamic networks the vital space between both:

The sensorial membrane absorbs energy and information and shrinks it according to Poincare Conjecture into the mind point, in which there is a locking or mapping or linguistic still moment of form, and perception, which in physical systems regardless of anthropomorphism should happen in bosonic states of no motion and maximal density of form, crystals, and likely black holes with gravitational forces.

This process which encodes the will of the Universe in the central unmoved God of Aristotle, or fractal point-monad, cannot be obviously perceived internally but we do know to exist by experience in living beings, and should also exist by external observation of the actions and motions of physical systems, which reproduce its form once the black hole or crystal centre is formed.

It is to be expected though that under the paradox of the ego, the human point of view and frame of reference will not acknowledge the obvious facts that even the smallest particles, quarks and electrons (of which our mind is made) apperceive information, and gauge it (±i), absorb energy and use it (±e) to iterate their for in an offspring of similar beings (œ) and evolve socially into larger wholes or universals (u), besides changing, accelerating or decelerating its motions (a), the a,e,i,o,u ‘åctions’ that define the behaviour of all T.œ Time-space functions of existence of the Universe.

Only then we can fully grasp the harmony of the Universe and all its planes of existence, and chains of beings, across the common 5th dimension of creative Spe-sizes of space and Tƒ, time clocks.

**Atoms and galaxies and its Q, G forces.**

As we show in the post on force unification, then q and g becomes: curvature **(S**pace view) vortices **(ð**ime view) of two scales **(∆±i** view) on the two upper and lower limits of **@-**mind perception; solving the hierarchy problem and ultimately *completely opening our experimental understanding of quantum worlds, as we can see it in reverse from within as macro-galaxies. Protons then appear as top quark positive frozen stars, aka black holes; electrons as strangelet negative halos, and in between the far less dense photons become stars.*

And so we can establish *2 fundamental Disomorphisms (similar laws of scale) to study the whole as a series of kaleidoscopic mirrors:*

-The atom-galaxy, for quantitative, mathematical physics modelling.

The concept of course has been around for long. EFE (Einstein’s field equations) applied to galaxies (Einstein-Walker formalism) is actually modelled to simplify calculus with galaxies as hydrogen atoms; Schrodinger’s equation was used by Wheeler to find a quantum formalism for the Universe; string duality considers universes and quantum strings the same; astronomers model stars around central black holes as photons, etc.

But without *a deep philosophical model of the fractal Universe provided in this blog, all those mathematical isomorphisms have been merely considered ‘techniques’ of calculus. *The reader thus should be aware the mathematical physics – albeit complex to the level of specialists, do exist and what we shall beyond the Unification equation in Newtonian terms, introduce here is the depth of philosophical analysis and the Disomorphic properties of atomic galaxies.

-The second Disomorphism is that of the galaxy-cell (treated in cosmology) which shows the organic properties of astrophysical galaxies. This is to my knowledge completely new stuff, but rather obvious: DNA-black holes with gravitational forces, and protein, lineal strangelets, encase the vital space-time of electromagnetic and gravitational flows of energy between both, which structure the waves of the galaxy.

And both control the mitochondria stars that become on the long term the energy food to reproduce more black holes and strange stars (pulsars). 20 years ago this seemed madness, but today everything comes together to the surprise of astronomers to validate the organic model of galactic growth…

**The unification equation: charges (∆-3) ≈ masses; atoms (∆-3) ≈ galaxies (∆+3)**

*In graph, 3+i scalar ‘big-bang’s at 3+i levels: a Hydrogen, excited sp atom, which is born of the beta decay (big-bang of a nucleon); a galaxy (ours), born of a quasar big-bang (a black hole); and the supposed big-bang of the universe, whose main proof is a mapping of the background radiation obtained ‘only’ on local measures on the same galactic region. *

*The form of each scalar big bang is similar, as the ‘Fractal scales of the 5 ^{th} dimension’ are ruled by the same isomorphic laws. Now the imaginary big bang is likely to be the cosmic as it is so similar to the form of the galaxy in which its local measures of Bg are taken that it seems to be a hyperbolic human expansion of the scale of its real experimental ‘proofs’. *

*The unification of all the physical scales of the universe with the 5th dimension renders an immediate result: the equation of unification of charges and forces, which makes similar (but not equal), the galaxy and the atom.*

*Let us remember again that we can only take measures in the surroundings of a small planet and so we must adscribe phenomena to the most local possible domain for an exact theory (basic rule of truth in science: restrict theories to the area of experimental evidence.) Thus the local big bang with a ‘signature’ called B.G. of the exact form of the galaxy is a local phenomena.*

Let us consider an example of what we mean by complexity vs. simplicity. In physics a TOE is reduced to the unification not of all sciences and all languages of knowledge, but only of the 4 forces of nature, gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak force.

This is the saint grail of physicists, which for a century have miserably failed. Why? If as we prove in our article on the Physical TOE, the unification is a mathematical, trivial result of the metric of the 5th dimension? Because they try to achieve that unification with the more complex formulations of quantum and gravitational physics (General relativity and chromo/electrodynamics).

What about the other 2 forces? The similarity between the strong force and the gravitational force ‘inside the atom-galaxy’, both attractive ‘only’ and the outer force of the galaxy (repulsive gravitation aka dark energy) and the outer force of the atom (electromagnetic repulsive expansive forces) is then immediate on the ‘simpler models’, as it is the parallelism between magnetism and gravitomagnetism (Heaviside’s discovery). And many other results follow. Further on, the hierarchy between those forces is also immediate. Well not so immediate, it requires…

Let us study mathematically this question by comparing those two limits of charges and masses beyond which human perception, becomes faulty.

This article introduces in a simplified manner, for non-specialists, a new concept of Mass by extending the Principle of Equivalence of Einstein and the metric of the 5th dimension, deducing from it, a Unification Equation of Charges and Masses. It considers also some philosophical and existential deductions of those results, namely the Absolute Relativity of the Universe and the position of man within it.

The Saint Grail of XX c. physics was the search for a Unification Equation of all the forces of Nature. it remained to unify the forces of gravitation and electromagnetism.

‘Mass’ is an intrinsic property of matter, a vortex of gravitational forces, clearly expressed by Einstein’s Principle of equivalence. So it is charge: a vortex of electromagnetic forces.

Under this result, the definition of both, masses and charges as ‘cyclical clocks’ of gravitational and electromagnetic forces of two different scales (the large scale of cosmological gravitation and the small scale of electromagnetic charges) allows an easy conversion of a gravitational and electromagnetic vortex using the simple Metric of the 5th dimension for a tri-dimensional vortex.

The Unification Equation, thus is a trivial mathematical result in 5D Metric, using the simple concept of a fractal Universe structured in different scales of ‘spatial size’ and ‘temporal information’, in which ‘clocks of time’ accelerate, the smaller we become, but the product of both remains, expressed mathematically in its simple formulation by the Metric of the 5th Dimension: Sp x Tƒ = K.

This result allows the ‘first’ ever-theoretical deduction of the value of the G constant of masses, departing from the Q constant of charges. Both mean the same: the degree of space-time curvature produced by an Eddie of masses or charges in those scales of space-time.

It is however impossible to obtain departing from a single space-time continuum as Mr. Einstein or Mr. Hawking tried, by messing the lineal equations of electromagnetism and the cyclical equations of Relativity (what is called quantum gravity).

So we shall deal here with:

- The concept of a charge and a mass as cyclical vortices of space-time of the two-fractal scales of micro-quantum particles and macro-cosmological ones.

With an Appendix on the Higgs claim to give ‘mass’ to other particles.

- The mathematical, simple, trivial deduction with the metric of the 5th Dimension of the equation of Unification of the two fundamental constants of Nature, Q and G.

III. Finally, we shall consider the implications of those facts – the parallelism between ‘atoms’ and ‘galaxies’, which as in the equations of space-time of Einstein-Walker (which treated galaxies as atoms), are ‘similar’ forms of two scales of the Universe

With an appendix on the philosophical consequences of this, according to a strong hypothesis of the Fractal Universe (scales which are mathematically equal in the 5D metric are really equal).

Then in the 5D metric a galaxy is an atom of the higher scale, a proton has the same Schwarzschild radius equation than a black hole, which should therefore be a top quark star, positively charged (as top quarks are ++) and dark matter in the halo is made of negatively charged strangelets, the equivalent to a nebulae of electrons. Which gives a role to the 3 families of quark mass and makes sense of the purpose of stars (future black holes) and planets (future strangelets – perhaps our destiny in the higher scale, if as all seems to indicate, the Fermi Paradox converts all planets into strangelets, as nuclear physicists make them with their experiments with quark matter condensates)…

Nobody has attempted as we did to unify both, charges and masses using the simplest of all its ‘first’ descriptions:

Newton’s gravitational vortices and Bohr’s model of the Hydrogen orbit. Hardcore scholars that take years to learn Einstein’s Metric, quantum field theory and Dirac’s equations consider those 2 models ‘passé’.

And yet, precisely because the principles of unification are simple, it is through the simplest methods where the coincidences happen.

So I could easily unify charges and masses, obtaining the key parameters, the Gravitational constant and the Coulomb constant, and the relationship of hierarchy (10∆40), between both forces, by the simple method of translating to gravitational vortex-jargon the jargon of electricity, a somehow convoluted abstraction not so intuitive, and then apply the law of co-invariance of the 5th dimension to both vortices, which immediately showed to be in that 10∆40 relationship.

Whereas a charge vortex had clocks of time much faster, and hence turned much faster becoming a much more attractive ‘hurricane of space-time’.

Now, as it happens with gravitation, quantum physics went beyond Bohr’s model and gave us the other ‘3-point of view’. It gave us the static, formal model, of electronic orbitals, the gradient model of energy levels and finally the more sophisticated Hamiltonian analysis of its operators.

And this *final level is the one physicists try by all means to unify. But precisely at that level of detail is where the fractal scales of the Universe which are ‘similar’ but not identical (you are made of space and time and your actions are always the 5 vowels but you do NOT eat light as an electron, or oil as a machine, so you can be unified saying ‘all eats energy’ but not in the specific food).*

Let us consider the first element of that duality, unifying* *masses and charges of gravitation and electromagnetism as vortices of 2 different scales of space-times. Masses and charges are vortices of 2 space-time scales made of 2 relative energetic and informative motions, where gravitation is faster/more extended but carries less information than the slower/less extended world of light and electroweak particles.

The main variation of those vortices of accelerated forces is the one we observe between electronic charges and quark masses, which are the cyclical vortices of those 2 scales of reality, the scale of cosmological vortices of mass and the scale of electroweak vortices of charges.

And so we have to unify those 2 types of cyclical geometries on one side and their lineal, light and gravitational forces, on the other side, as they switch acting either as sinks of space-time (cyclical, non-lineal vortices of increasing acceleration) or as lineal, gravitational or electromagnetic waves in both scales.

Yet since electromagnetism and gravitation are self-similar accelerated vortices of 2 different fractal branes of space-time, the microscopic and cosmologic branes, it follows we should be able to treat them with the same equations of gravitation, either Einstein’s more detailed vortices, defined by the Principle of Equivalence between mass and acceleration or with the classic analysis of Newton, as accelerated vortices with the same geometrical form, whose relative proportion of energy/speed/ distance and information/curvature will be given by 2 different Universal G-Constants.

Thus, we should be able to describe both, the standard Earth-Sun gravitational vortex and Hydrogen, electron-Proton quantum vortex with the same equations, defining them according to the mass of the particles, the rotational speed and 2 different Universal constants, U.C.(i/e):

U(g), the Universal Constant of gravitation that defines a larger/ faster/less curved Gravitational membrane of masses and…

U(q) the Universal constant of charge (Coulomb) that defines a smaller, slower, more curved membrane of quantum light. Since electromagnetism has more information and less energy distance.

Further on, we will be able to prove empirically our hypothesis of 2 self-similar spatial membranes made of light and gravitational quanta, whose only difference is the i/e relative density of information/energy of its cyclical vortices, if the values of the two Universal constants, in those 2 systems (the earth-sun system and the proton-electron system), correspond to their relative empirical value, when we treat them both as mass vortices (being the gravitational constant 10^{39} times weaker than the charge constant).

Let us then go on with the treatment of charges and masses as Newtonian vortices of space-time. In Newton’s equations a mass can be considered a cyclic, accelerated vortex of gravitational space-time defined in classic Newton Mechanics by a centripetal, gravitational acceleration: *ω ^{2}r*.

The same treatment can be done with Poison equations or Relativity equations, which are a static, present, simultaneous picture of Newton’s space-time vortex of acceleration, where G expresses the informative curvature of the space.

Thus if gravitational acceleration is *ω ^{2}r*, then

*F=mg=mω*, and we arrive at

^{2}r= GmM/r^{2}*G=ω*. Where

^{2}r^{3}/M*r*is in meters and

*ω*is angular acceleration in radians per second. So passing the active magnitude of time (mass, or charge or any form of time clock to the left) we obtain a general equation for all physical time vortices of all scales, which will be the template for the Unification of all vortices, in different ‘degrees of mathematical complexity’.

This written as an identity Sp x T ƒ = Sp x Tƒ observed with different parameters writes:

*Γ. Active Magnitude (space-quanta) M x Curvature-speed of the clock (time frequency) G = volume of space r³ x time acceleration w²*

This written in classic mathematical physics, where we consider, using Newton’s notation, a mass a three-dimensional, cyclical accelerated vortex of space-time defined in classic Newton mechanics by a centripetal acceleration, which gives us the classic definition of the universal constant *G (UC), writes* as:

* UC x M=ω ^{2}r^{3}*

where *r* is in meters and ω is the angular acceleration in radians per second of any gravitational orbit.

This simple Newtonian equation, however, in the fractal paradigm, should apply *to any scale of the Universe, able to describe any vortex of space-time by merely changing the value of the universal constant UC (G), but that of the Universal Constant of any other scale. In the case of the microcosmic scale of electromagnetism, the Universal Constant of charge (Ke). Thus, we obtain the fractal equation of any vortex of time:*

Universal constant of a space-time vortex, U (g, k) = w (angular speed)^{2} × radius^{3}/ mass

If this is truth and the Universe is indeed a fractal of several scales, it means that the previous equation will be able to describe *both*, not only a gravitational vortex of space-time in the cosmological scale with the universal constant G, but *also a charge as a quantum vortex of space-time with the universal constant k, the constant of Coulomb.*

Let us then substitute the parameters for the values of the sun (mass) minus earth (rotational speed and radius) to get G. The approximate values are as follows:

Sun mass = 2 × 10^{30} kg; Earth’s angular velocity 2 × 10^{-7 }rad. per sec.

Earth’s orbit = 150 million kms.

Result: G=6.67 × 10 ^{-11} kg-1 m^{3} rad. sec.^{-2}

This is standard gravitational theory. What has never been done, because the fractal paradigm was not known till recently, is to substitute in the same equation of gravitational cosmological masses the mass radius and speed of the space-time vortex by the values of the fundamental quantum space-time vortex, a hydrogen atom/charge.

If the thesis of a fractal universe made of hierarchical scales is truth, then those values should give us the value of the universal constant of charges, the Coulomb constant.

Indeed, if we substitute for the proton (mass) and the Bohr electronic orbital (speed and radius)

4 × 10^{16 }rad. sec.^{ -1 }= w (electron);

5.3 × 10^{-11 }m. (Bohr radius);

proton mass = 1.6 × 10 ^{-27} kg.

Then we get a G, which is 2×10^{39 }stronger than the gravitational radius; thus, the hydrogen atom behaves as a self-similar fractal scale in the quantum world to a solar system.

And then you can get also the electron radius expressed in the jargon of a quantum gravitational world using the translated ‘Gravitational Coulomb constant’: *G(k)M/c ^{2}*.

But since in that expression *M* is the mass of a proton, G(k), the electromagnetic constant as a gravitational constant, and c, the speed of light, that expression is exactly the *Schwarzschild radius of a quantum black hole.*

*Thus, the electron Bohr radius, which is the final radius of minimal size and energy in electrons, is the event horizon of a black hole in the quantum gravitational world*.

To notice those results, the *first theoretical deduction* of Ke departing from G and the enormous simplification of the parameters of the electron radius till arriving to the same expression that a black hole radius cannot be by chance. They are mathematical deductions, one of the three *standard forms of proof in science.*

Yet a theoretical calculus of those values cannot be exact ‘by chance’, unless the theoretical model behind it – the fractal sel-similar structure as Sp x Tƒ entities of all physical systems is right. Thus, the previous calculus is a clear proof that both, charges and masses, are unified as values of the same type of space-time vortices in the 2 different scales of space-time of the Universe. And they are geometrically unified from the p.o.v. of geometrical relativity not from quantum theory, as Einstein wanted it. Thus, the Unification equation in terms of Newtonian mechanics is simple:

For a century, quantum cosmology has tried to obtain this unification, departing from quantum laws. Yet it can be obtained, departing from the gravitational equations of a vortex of space-time. Coulomb already hints at this fact when he decided to use a self-similar formula to that of Newton to describe a charge. What Einstein did was to refine those measures with the concept of simultaneous, present time and the use of the non-Euclidean Ricci tensor/flow, which is a more sophisticated, detailed picture of that curved vortex of space-time.

He, we might say, applied a mathematical method that allows to take a series of still photographs of the vortex with enormous accuracy, but the complexity of his calculus hid the unification equation for a century. So it is evident that we are observing the same geometric vortex at different scales, explained with two different historic jargons.

So indeed, the Universe is a fractal of space-time, with two self-similar membranes. This opens an entire new field of physics, not quantum gravity, the description of cosmology with quantum laws, which is proved false, but fractal relativity, the description of the quantum world as a self-similar membrane to that of the cosmological world.

*Unification Equation: *

*UCG,C = ω ^{2}r^{3}/MUCG,C x M*=

*ω*

^{2}r^{3}M= ω^{2}r^{3}/UCG,CWhere we obtain for 2 UC(i/e) values, G and Q, 2 different space/time scales and vortices acceleration (mass and charges).

2 obvious, simple proofs of that dual, scalar structure:

– Planck’s minimal value for Mass is far bigger (10^{-7} g.) than the minimal value for an electromagnetic action (h), which seems to mean that the mass scale is far bigger than the quantum world.

– The entire standard model works without gravitational forces. Thus we have to postulate that particles are not ‘mass-particles’ but electromagnetic systems, which become elements of mass only when they aggregate in huge numbers, as it happens with electromagnetic photons, which become electrons of the upper scale in huge nebulae.

But we see masses as static forms. This is due to the Galilean paradox: a space-time vortex-mass becomes then statically a space-time distortion, a deformation of space-time, which increases as we decrease size. Since the *deformation of space-time is the same for any cycle. Hence, when we trace a smaller cycle the deformation increases.* And so it does the mass and the U(w), now a static constant of deformation.

This is the interpretation most often assumed of G in Einstein’s Relativity. In a simpler, classic approximation based in fluid dynamics, M/r^{3} becomes the density of space/time and its inverse, R^{3}/m, the displacement of space-time provoked by a given mass. It is then evident by Archimedes Principle that a bigger mass density will provoke a bigger displacement and distortion of space-time an inversely a bigger acceleration towards the central vortex. And since the density of a proton is much higher than the density of a planet, the Universal Constant for an atom is much higher and so it is its angular speed. Does the electromagnetic constant, or static curvature of an atomic system, is much stronger. So it is the density of a proton mass.

This reformulation of electromagnetism simplifies and clarifies the meaning of physics. Yet to grasp the relationships between the quantum world and the cosmos we have to transform, using the new coulomb constant, C=1.5×10^{29}, electromagnetic parameters to the jargon of gravity, departing from its fundamental relationship:

*F=UCC Mm/r ^{2} = e^{2}/4π e_{o}r^{2}*

Then we can translate the main constants of electromagnetism (Rydberg constant, α constant, which denotes the strength of the electromagnetic field, etc.) to the gravitational jargon and again the results obtained are close to the theoretical value.

So it is evident that we are observing the same geometric force at different scales, *explained with 2 different historic jargons*. Further on, as we ‘transform’ the concepts of electromagnetic vortices to gravitational, geometric symbols, the main discoveries of Relativity apply to electromagnetic vortices.

Perhaps the most interesting simplified value under the new U(q) charge constant is the Proton radius that appears with the same formula than a black hole, Schwarzschild horizon.

This means that a quark particle (a hadron, a proton, etc.) is basically a black hole of the quantum, gravitational scale and vice versa: a cosmological black hole might be a deconfined state of billions of ultra-dense quarks. In such fractal Universe, each small particle could from the perspective of a small observer a macrocosmic form. And each atom could be a galaxy. Such fractal Universe validates the Theory of Great Numbers, which are the parameters of self-repetition of the Universe, which might be from a lower perspective a mere atom or black hole of a hyper-Universe.

Now the EXTENSION of the model of electromagnetism, translating its equations to vortex equations of accelerated time is huge.

It means the foundation of the subject with the new physics of 5D time vortices; and makes sense of every part of electromagnetism, a cultural jargon, far more convoluted due to the lack of a precise understanding of it, in the times of Faraday, Franklin et al (for example all physicists do know about the – sign of electrons, an error as electrons are the + absorbing vortices, dominant in the electromagnetic scales NOT protons, which are the quark, dominant in the strong force and its symmetric gravitational informative inner galactic force). And all of them know that the only difference between G and Q is the 1/4e factor which was absorbed in G when Kepler->Newton developed their formulae.

One of the most fascinating results of the understanding of the 5th dimension of space-time, the dimension of fractal scales of space and different speeds of time clocks, is the enormous simplification it implies in our understanding of the fundamental concepts of the Universe, from the meaning of mass and energy, information and time to the solution of the equations yet not solved in classic physics.

In that regard, this new r=evolution of science must be understood as the simplification experimented by astronomy with the arrival of Copernicus which put in the center of the Universe the sun. He was first dismissed precisely for the simplicity of his discovery that made so easy to calculate the orbits of planets. The astronomers of the age found it so simple that they dismissed it. And yet as Einstein put it ‘God is simple and not malicious’. Again when Einstein introduced his most famous formulae, E=mc ², and then his special relativity, he was criticized for the simplicity of the mathematics required to reach those conclusions and Hilbert said it was so easy that a high school could find it.

Tƒ, Sp and Tƒ, Sp are similar concepts. If the reader observes i includes o and æ, a and e, a is in that sense expansive expulsion of energy taken in a larger conceptualization, o and a are the pure energy and form, emitted or absorbed with minimal interference of the being, e and I are the two more elaborated versions which approach to reach and e=I point in which the transformation ends and the being finds an equal connection that I and e are the same, and this realization starts the wave of present, puts in motion the system that finds a cyclical meaning to its communication of two poles and start to move with the purpose of growing and reproduction, Œ

Those masses and charges, prove that the Universe is much more than the physical definition. And we do still have to study the concept of the source, which we shall say now is the Tƒ closed element because once a cycle is closed it finds its purpose in repeating its path (law of the least action). And so it gives purpose to its motion. Closed motions become perceptive motions of its synchronicity with pat actions it is repeating and finding through its memorial logic volume of still time=information, it is itself.

AN OBVIOUS CONSEQUENCE OF ALL OF THIS IS OF COURSE the fact that ‘Higgs DOES NOT’ give mass to those vortices, as MASS is NOT an extrinsic effect BUT AN INTRINSIC process, as Einstein wanted, an accelerated vortex of time. Let US THEN CLOSE this introduction to a true analysis of mass and the big-bang as IT is, with a further improvement on our understanding of Einstein’s theory and why the previous ‘simple’ equations that unify charge and mass ARE correct even if we can cast them with more complex Hamiltonian or Einstein’s formalisms.

**Mass, Charge and Temperature in Planck’s units**

In the case of the unification of scales as time vortices of accelerated time speed, we have shown the simplest one. I have in my archives of 30 years of personal research similar works using 5 other formalisms, Poisson, Lagrange, Einstein, Heaviside and one which might seem trivial, but is so simple we shall bring it also in this introduction: Planck’s numbers. As in both, we obtain the value of Mass and Charge directly from the fundamental constants of the Universe:

Planck Mass: Mp: √~~h~~c/G

Electric charge Qp: √~~h~~c/ke

It is a beautiful equation because of its simplicity and profundity.

Now the fundamental equation of the Universe is Tƒ x Sp = ∆ and here we can reduce indeed the 4 fundamental constants of the Universe, c, h, G and Eo to that equation:

Sp (c) x Tiƒ (h) / ∆+1 G = ∆+1 Mass

Sp (c ) x tiƒ (h) /∆-1 Eo= ∆-1 Charge

Since speed-motion of light is the unit of spatial motion in the Universe, and h-planck of Form, of time cycles and bits of information, reason why it is a quantised formula.

Thus those two vortices of time, Masses and charges, are the product of the quanta of space and motion and the quanta of time and information of our Universe below and above us, which also means that G and Eo, are the two different curvatures.

it is interesting to see that the minimal charge unit makes 11 electrons roughly which we can take as the natural decametric unit of a charge with an organic motion as a flow of charge. Mass though is much larger as it corresponds to a larger scale of the 5th dimension.

The relationship between ∆+1/∆-1 constants, G/Eo is therefore another constant deduced from those to fully grasp how closely related those vortices are.

Many other constants like ∆µ and the fine structure constant are immediately understood as they can be deduced from those ones.

Thus we are in a world with two limits one of speed-motion and one minimal quanta of information, ~~h~~* and those are the 2 elements the Universe uses to evolve its beings.*

What this means will be clear when we explore with more depth the ‘perceptive actions’ of those time vortices, of which our minds are doing with the pan geometry of Lobachevski in the 5th and most important isomorphism. In essence, h is our constant of perception as electronic beings and c, the volume-speed an electronic/gravitational mind can reach; being therefore G/ke, the ratio the system *absorbs the energy-information of the Universe in its purest scale of space-time.*

Now we shall latter consider the meaning of the Planck units which are far more objective than human units, where c is the speed of space, instead of length, h the quantum of information and time (angular momentum) better than lineal time duration and G and K the relative metric of the 5th dimensional scales, to which we must add the Boltzmann constant for the Thermodynamic states, and construct with them, an objective analysis of physical 5D. Enough said now to introduce the main time clocks of the 5D Universe.

Perhaps the most interesting simplified value under the new U(q) charge constant is the Proton radius that appears with the same formula, than a black hole, Schwarzschild horizon. This means that a quark particle (a hadron, a proton, etc.) is basically a black hole of the quantum, gravitational scale and vice versa: a cosmological black hole might be a deconfined state of billions of ultra-dense quarks. In such fractal Universe, each small particle could from the perspective of a small observer a macrocosmic form. And each atom could be a galaxy. Such fractal Universe validates the Theory of Great Numbers, which are the parameters of self-repetition of the Universe, which might be from a lower perspective a mere atom or black hole of a hyper-Universe.

*In the graph, the co-invariance of the 5th dimension between size in space and time-speed such us: Sp x Tƒ = ∆±∞, that is the faster clocks of time run the smaller the entity is, allows to unify the scale of charges and masses at the atomic and galactic scale. The Unification of forces thus is a cyclical equation o the 5th dimension, latter studied in detail, not a lineal equation of temperatures.*

Yet self-similarity is not equality, an atom is self-similar to a galaxy but NOT likely a galaxy – reason why for example quantum cosmology is false. Quantum cosmologists consider ‘identical’ the scales of the cosmos and the quantum world, so they use quantum equations for all. This is a hyperbolic error. We have equations for each scale and what we can show, as we did here, is the self-similarities of scales.

All in all, it is evident that what we call a black hole or pulsar is made of quark quanta; it is a fractal of quarks. Thus we can apply to its vortices the laws of Newtonian fluids or the more complex equations of a Non-Euclidean vortices of space-time, as we do with any other ‘medium’ called a ‘phase space’ in physics. They can be considered akin to a hurricane, which is a ‘medium’ of air molecules, or to a tornado, which is a medium of water molecules. All those mediums have limits of speed, which are the same for their lineal forces and cyclical vortices:

Light space-time has a c-speed limit, which is also the limit of speed of a rotational electron vortex and a 0 K limit.

Dark energy and quark matter belonging to the gravitational membrane seems to have a c<10 c lineal and rotational speeds.

Because each space-time membrane has vortices of information and energetic, lineal forces, we need equations of self-similarity, relating informative vortices of charges and masses on one side and gravitational and electromagnetic waves on the other. This is done with gravito-magnetism, which relates cosmic gravitational, lineal waves and electro-magnetic fields. So, the gravito-magnetic formalism just needs to be properly fit within the wider concept of 2 self-similar fractal space-times, to define in self-similar terms, light waves and dark-energy waves of gravitation; as the elementary, actions-units of the 2 fractal scales. Because of the corrections, higher complexity and general ignorance of the gravito-magnetic formalism, here we shall only consider the case of the light-membrane.

*Recap*: the 2^{nd} fundamental duality of the Universe is its structure in 2 different branes, planes or scales of space-time: the electromagnetic space and the gravitational space, which show different proportions of energy and information and yet, because of the self-similarity of all those branes can be easily unified as 2 self-similar forces acting in 2 different scales

**Equivalence between Mass and Acceleration. Einstein’s Concept of Mass as a Frequency of Information**

** ***In the graph, the evolution of the concept of mass in relativity, from the initial image of an abstract substance in the center of an accelerated vortex of space-time, proper of the abstract, pre–world war age, when Einstein first published his work on gravitation, to the first pictures obtained in bubble chambers in the postwar age, to the realization that each mass is a fractal space-time made of smaller cyclic motions proper of twenty-first century.*

In the graph, for the pedantic observer, which rejects Newton as too simple, over seeded by Einstein, a final note on the multiple perspectives we can have of any event of space-time according to the ∆±1 or Sp, Tƒ, ST perspective we adopt, we classify the 4 standing models of gravitation as relative truths, belonging to the 4 perspectives of reality: Sp< =>Tƒ.

In the graph the 4 obvious descriptions of mathematical physics regarding gravitation: T**iƒ** (relativity, dominant in form)≈ Ft (Newton – dominant in dynamic motion) <-> Ps (Poisson, dominant in past spatial field/gradient-form)≈ Se (Lagrange, dominant in the analysis of the balances of entropic motion-energy):

Ft: Newton is a moving CLOCK LIKE vortex of the same mass-motion regions)

Ps: Poisson is a potential static field of energy gradients..

Se: Hamiltonian-Lagrangian is a dynamic description of the conservative energy of the system.

Tiƒ: Einstein’s simultaneous measures in relativity are a still, formal description in ‘present’ of the gravitational space-time.

And so all of them are equivalent. In fact Einstein derived his work via Poisson from Newton. Today Relativity’ informative mappings of the galaxy space-time are transformed in AMD theory into a Lagrangian-Hamiltonian ‘bidimensional model’, for computer calculations, proving once more the bidimensional structure of space-time.

All are in fact derived one from each other, as Einstein took its beginnings from Poisson, who elaborated on Newton; and the more important of them all the Hamiltonian).

Fractal relativity means on the other hand, that the larger wholes emerge from the smaller ones. So the larger masses emerge from the smaller motions of strong quarks. Its synchronic collective, bigger motions are quark stars, pulsars, and black holes. Today we can model any type of vortex of space-time with fractal mathematics, as each small vortex transfers the momentum to the bigger vortex, which emerges as a macroscopic entity.

Thus, we conclude that a black hole is a fractal concentration of the densest matter of the Universe, quarks, since quarks represent on average more than 99.9% of the matter of our bodies. Those improvements on the details of mass theory, based on the advancement of its mathematical tools (discovery of fractals, chaos theory, and the five postulates of non-Euclidean geometry) is the natural way in which the evolution of science happens, departing from sound logic principles.

In the text quoted from the *New Scientist* that opened chapter 2, we came to the conclusion that the Universe has a fractal structure because it is made of fractal space and fractal time. But what is space and time? In simple terms, here are the two essential morphologies of the Universe: Space is the lineal, expansive energy of the vacuum in eternal motion (seeing as still distance or space, according to the paradox of Galileo). And fractal times are cyclical clocks of information, whose frequency or rhythm encodes the information of the Universe.

So space and lineal energy on one side and time and cyclical clocks of information on the other are synonymous. The static, continuous concepts of space and time become then sums of discontinuous, moving pieces of energy and infinite clocks of information that our senses put together into an abstract continuous single space-time.

One we have “exploded” and given movement to the abstraction of space and time, it is easy to recognize the minimal bytes of energy and bits of information of the real, physical Universe. Physical information, masses and charges, and physical energy, forces, which are not substances but motions, events in time of cyclical, informative nature (masses and charges) or energetic, spatial, expanding shape (energy), that constantly transform into each other ad eternal, creating the essential rhythm of the physical Universe:

*E (forces) < => Tƒ- Particles (masses and charges)*

The key to grasp the concept of mass as a vortex of acceleration are two physical laws: one of classic relativity, the principle of equivalence between accelerated motions and masses, and one of fractal relativity, the paradox of Galileo, the fact that we perceive reality either as a moving energy (in the case of a mass, as a vortex) or as fixed space (in the case of mass as a particle). All moves and doesn’t move depending on the way we look at it. Thus, all spaces have inner motion, even if our senses don’t see that motion or fix that motion into forms of in/form/ation.

Mass is the great problem unresolved by quantum physicists in their model of the Universe since it is not an energetic but an informative form. Einstein, who had a visual, geometrical image of mass, defined it as a vortex that absorbed space-time, attracting in its flow everything else traveling on that space-time as a bathtub attracts all what is in the water it absorbs.

How did Einstein come to that idea? As many textbooks and visualizations explain, he realized that when we accelerate, as it happens in a Formula 1 car or a lift, we feel more weight. Thus, he made a bold statement: mass and acceleration are the same. If we feel mass when we accelerate, it is because mass is acceleration. But what type of acceleration?

The answer is actually quite simple, because it turns out that Newton had long ago discovered a beautiful formula to describe all the forces of the Universe: F=m × a.

Where *a *means a lineal acceleration and so *m* must be a cyclical acceleration. Indeed, there are no more types of accelerations and so Einstein (using, of course, more complex mathematics than Newton to refine his calculus, as mathematics had evolved a lot since Newton’s time) postulated that masses would be vortices of space-times *since only a vortex is a cyclical, accelerated movement.*

That principle of equivalence is the fundamental principle in which general relativity is based. It states merely that mass and cyclical acceleration are the same. It means in layman terms that a mass is not a material form but a movement. And of course, because that movement is an inward, cyclical movement, it deploys a resistance to be pushed outward in a lineal manner, which from our macroscopic view seems to give mass a solid position.

Again this is intuitive. If you are a very small being turning at full speed, it will be very difficult to push you away. When you see a skater in a ring, he speeds up and closes his arms to move faster and become more stable in his position. Thus, the homology between acceleration and mass defines for a curved space the meaning of a mass, and the paradoxical fact that the smaller the vortex is, the faster it turns and the bigger the mass is. It is the same that happens in any tornado or hurricane: the closest you are to the center, the faster you turn and the more attractive the tornado is.

In that sense, what you experience as weight is the inertial resistance to any displacement of a vortex anchored in a point of space-time. The same happens in our macro universe when a skater turns around and bends his arms to spin faster. If he opens his arms spreading his vortex, he decelerates and moves easier in a lineal direction.

A mass is thus the inertial force that we need to push away, the accelerated vortex. Those vortex like spirals accelerating in a curved path, inward, are like the pictures we observe in accelerators, or the most recent pictures of masses we have obtained, in which indeed we see a fluctuating vacuum with the form of a vortex. Further on, we know that the frequency or rotational speed of those vortices, called spins, is related to the mass of each particle. So we have both, logic and experimental proofs. Of course, I have used here and will continue using the simple mathematics of Newton and the visual thought experiments of Einstein, to describe those concepts because this is a book for non-specialists.

Already Descartes said that the Universe was made of vortices and “res extensa,” that is, lineal space. What Einstein did was to apply the most modern non-Euclidean mathematics of his day to those well-known principles. So he improved greatly the detail of those vortices, as non-Euclidean geometry allowed much more refined calculations than those we could do with the mathematics of Newton, but in essence the principles stayed. So we can explain very easily in an intuitive manner, thanks to the principle of equivalence, a mass with a simple equation:

*Equivalence principle: mass = curved acceleration= cyclical vortex that resists displacement*

If we use the simpler mathematics of Newton to define Einstein’s mass, we can see in more detail the properties of such vortices, which can be described as *fluid vortices of the bits of information, the particles that create any of the multiple fractal space-time membranes of the Universe. Consider the simplest bidimensional equation of a vortex:*

*Vortex Speed × Radius-size of vortex = Vo × Ro = Constant Value*

Since the product of the speed and the radius is constant, the shorter the radius, the faster the speed. What this means is that any vortex paradoxically accelerates faster when it is smaller. So the product of a growing speed and diminishing radius remains constant. Hence we find that smaller particles that rotate faster have more mass. So the electron, which is bigger and rotates slower than the quark has less mass. In fact, the electron’s mass is 0.1% of the mass of an atom, which is all stored in the inner faster-rotating smaller quarks and gluons.

While in the cosmological scale, the black hole, which rotates at light speed and occupies the minimal space of all the cosmic bodies, is the most massive form of the Universe. Then it becomes a quark star called a pulsar, which has a center of strange quarks and a surface of dense neutrons. It rotates also very fast, near the speed of light, and it has an enormous mass.

We do not know what the substance of black holes is, but Einstein called them frozen stars and he said that if we were to obey the laws of the scientific method, they had to have a cut-off substance. Then when he died, we found quarks and so it is obvious that black holes, the densest rotating stars of the Universe, should be made of top quarks, the densest top quarks of the quantum world. Since black holes have very similar properties to those of a quark star or pulsar, ultra dense stars with enormous rotational speed, this fact reinforces the thesis that black holes are top stars.

But this fact, which anyone can understand, is ignored by quantum cosmologists because they don’t believe in Einstein; and of course, those who believe in Einstein are merely interested in the use of the more complex mathematical model of gravitation and mass, in which the principle of equivalence of Newton and Einstein is not so clear. The details of the trees prevent them from seeing the big picture of the forest. But here we are concerned with the picture that tells us that quarks are the atoms of the densest black holes and quark stars because only among the known particles, quarks are that heavy, and only among the known celestial bodies, black holes and quark stars are that heavy.

Further on, because dark matter represents 75% of the universe’s mass, very likely, dark matter is made of black holes, pulsars, and other types of quark stars.

Now when you get into details, the word *vortex* is substituted by *spin*, the word *curved cycle* by non-Euclidean geometry, and you use also two different names for the type of forces displayed by quark vortices (strong forces) and by black holes and pulsars (gravitational forces) because we are talking of two fractal scales of reality, the quantum microscopic world and the cosmological world. But those details that we will explain later in depth, unifying both scales, gravitation, and the quantum world with fractal equations (a long goal of Mr. Einstein, which I found thanks to the expansion of the postulates of non-Euclidean geometry that Mr. Einstein lacked) are of no importance to understand in simple mathematics, the meaning of mass:

*Max. rotational speed × min. radius= quarks and black holes= the densest masses of the cosmos*

*Med. rotational speed × med. radius = electrons and stars*

*0 rotational speed × max. radius = light = 0 mass*

It is in those terms how it becomes easy to understand the different masses of different particles and cosmic bodies, related to their angular momentum or spin: the electron which turns slower in a wider circumference is far lighter than the proton that turns faster in a smaller space, which is lighter than the black hole which turns to the limit of speed of our world.

While the mass of light is zero because the electromagnetic wave never closes in to itself, but once it has made half a circumference downward, it switches upward and so it moves as a transversal, lineal wave without mass and maximal, infinite radius: *0 mass × infinite radius = K.*

In detail, light has an insignificant bit of mass because due to the rotation of galaxies (Mach principle), it has some curvature and it acquires more mass/frequency when it rotates around a quark or black hole vortex, finally evolving into a more complex form, absorbed by an electron, quark, or black hole.

Now it is easy to understand how mass (rotational motion) becomes energy (lineal movement) and vice versa (E=mc2 and M=E/c2). E=mc2 means just that when energy approaches the c-limit of speed of our space-time, as it cannot go faster, it deflects its energy that curls into cyclical motion into mass. This, of course, is another thing CERN pretends to research with the quark cannon. Because using quantum equations and Higgs particles, there is no way to understand how energy becomes mass and vice versa.

The Universe is simple. So a simpler explanation of reality is more truth, even if it is experimentally less refined in its initial conception. For example, Copernicus was simpler than Ptolemy. Further on, for many years, till Kepler and Newton refined its elliptical orbits into ellipses, Copernicus’s cyclical orbits were less accurate than Ptolemaic calculus, but the principles were sounder: The sun was put in the center and that simplified enormously the model.

So it satisfied better Occam’s principle. That is what the principle of equivalence between acceleration and gravity of Newton and Einstein does with masses: by considering that particles are cyclical, accelerated motions, not substances, this sounder principle simplifies all calculus, explains logically how mass attracts like a hurricane of space-time, and so it must be truer than the complicated quantum theories *of mass, as the Higgs Mechanism, which does not even explain how mass attracts in a coherent manner.*

# 1st isomorphism: Fractal Generator.

We are all beings made of a vital space, enclosed by a membrane of cyclical time… with a central singularity or frame of reference that orders it all… This also applies to the Universe and its gala cells.

*We are all beings composed of a membrane of time cycles that encloses a vital space of energy, self-centered into a singularity of information, monad or mind, mirror of the external world we order.*

Look around you. **All what you see is a form with motion**. It might be at rest but it will be moving respect to another point of view (ab. Pov), which is moving but feels himself *at rest. This *is all the whys physicists so far have answered about motion.

All ‘moves’ and doesn’t move.

If we call the state of motion ** entropy** and the state of no-motion,

*form**.*

And the combinations of motion and form, ‘**momentum’**, when taken step by step.

Or when measured in a longer interval, ‘**forms in action’ in-form-ations’** if the form dominates.

Or ‘**energetic motions’, **if the entropy≈motion dominates.

And the whole process of the event we analyze from the initial state of form with no entropy=motion, through the motions of in-form-ation and energy, till its final state back to form, **a worldcycle…**

We Do have all what we need to explain the rhythms, beats, and timespace events of the Universe*. *

So if we put then in a series, it is easy to see the sequence of a worldcycle of ‘tao’, of timespace, of ‘exist¡ence’, of ‘science’:

Worldcycle: Form<Motion>Energy>Information>Form<motion… and then we restart again.

Now, the reader might think such series are simple and inconsequential, but when we proper understand the rhythms of creation of minds-mirrors-forms, with it, the modes of creation of species, or the world cycle of life and death, departing of such simple game of ‘three arrows’ of time he might think otherwise:

Indeed, this simple scheme will as we iterate and combine those elements into the myriad of sums and variations that web reality, explain all worldcycles of existence from the worldcycle of life and death, to the worldcycle of evolution of species… In the graph we can see how all systems are born as a see of form, which emerges into a larger scale with maximal entropy-motion, then passes through an age of energy and reproduces, becoming informed till an old age of pure form when again becomes dissolved into an explosion of entropy and motion. In physics this simple scheme gives birth to the states of matter between plasma and nuclear death, in life to the states between the seminal seed that emerges as a child that lives three ages through an entropic youth, an energetic mature, reproductive age and a third age of information that explodes into entropic death, dissolving its structures. Societies suffer the same evolution departing from its founding seed, a memetic prophet and book of revelation, dying in the entropic death caused by the germs of history, weapons and wars… So indeed, *all systems follow similar cycles because they are all made of relational space-time.*

Time is motion in visual terms, CHANGE, in logic terms. And Aristotle, the father of logic science told us there were different types of motion:

-External ‘locomotion’, or translation in space, studied by physics; which we shall call ‘energetic, entropic motions in space’, Sp.

-Internal change in the ‘form’ of beings, in their in-form-ation, which we call evolution, and said it was studied by biology, and we shall call Temporal, Informative motion, proper, Tƒ.

-But this 2 great fields of change, external, physical, spatial change and internal, temporal informative evolution, or cyclical change, combine constantly and reproduce similar forms, and so we can talk of a 3rd type of ‘formal motion’ or change, not so evident as it is a conservative change, we shall call reproduction, or revolution, product of both type of changes, ST(st), or ST.

If we observe those 3 motions as ‘still forms in space’, they give birth to the 3 ‘ONLY’ topologies of our Universe:

The toroid, lineal entropic past-forms of limbs/fields; the spherical, informative, ‘future forms’ of heads/particles that DID guide the whole system towards its future; and its combined, hyperbolic, bodies/waves in the middle, that REPRODUCED the system.

The 3 topologies of all Universal systems: vital spaces, cyclical membranes and o-points of measure**. **

In the graph, a few of the ternary systems, made with the 3 only topologies-functions of all systems of the Universe, an atom, a tomato, a planet, a cell an embryo and an electromagnetic field. Though at first sight their resemblance might seem a mere coincidence, all of them are ternary systems, which we can describe with the same ‘Generator equation’ of ¬Æ mathematics, the formalism of T.œ (the Organic Theory of Everything, which unifies all sciences as descriptions of such systems in any scale of the Universe).

Thus a deeper analysis of time cycles shows them to have always 3 ‘ages’, ‘phases’, ‘arrows’, ‘states’ or ‘dimensions’:

- < (symbol of expansion flow), Ps: Past, entropic motions, dominant in the youth, with a toroid, lineal expansive form.
- > (implosive flow), ƒt: Future-form: a cyclical time vortex proper.
- ≈ (symbol of iterative wave): ST: Present-iterative motions that don’t seem to change; or dynamic, body-wave motion

And this gave us the 2 ‘variations of the Generator which described existence in Time and Space, easily written as:

**Time:** Ps (young entropic age) > ST(adult, iterative-reproductive age) ≥ Ft (informative age) ≤ Ps (entropic death)

**Space:** Sp (Limbs/fields) ≤ ST (body-wave) ≤ It (head-particle)

Those symmetries correspond in space to the only 3 topological forms; hence systems can only be constructed with those 3 topologies that define as the graphs show all organisms and physical species.

We associate counter-intuitively ‘cycles with motion’ and ‘lines with Still space’.

It has to do a lot with the limiting errors of classic physics, where only lineal inertial motion matters. Fact is big-bang explosion DECELERATE speed till it becomes Still lineal distances and dimensions, that is pure lineal space with no motion or vacuum space (as in any physical big-bang of entropy). While the equation of cyclical vortex, is Vo x Ro = K (2-manifold, simplest variety), which counter-intuitively accelerates (∆V) when distance becomes smaller, (-∆R) to maintain K constant.

Thus clocks, frequencies and vortices accelerate ,and have more ‘time’ content, that lineal motions that decelerate to a halt.

So we can now extend the generator to its natural ternary form:

*$pe < Œ: ExI > -ðiƒº*

Now this would be the most exact symbolic representation of the Universe, º for the informative self-centred mind.

We use 3 ‘letters’ for each side of the Fractal Generator, to signify the 3 commonest perception of the 2 sides of the equation in human beings. Space appears as ‘Space-Size’, but also as ‘spatial entropy or kinetic energy’, that is an expansive motion (<), and as it has lesser form it comes ‘first’ in the evolution of beings as its relative past, young age of maximal motion in space. And inversely in the moment of death when the ‘cycle of time reverses locally its direction’. Locally being the key to avoid paradoxes.

We use also 3 ‘letters’ for Temporal, cyclical information, Tiƒ, T, Ti, for time, i, iƒ for information, and ƒ, for frequency of the external cycle, O, which is centred in a self-point of view or frame of reference, º, and ƒt, for future, as those are the synchronic, dynamic and geometric interpretations of the other side of the equation.

And finally, its combination of iterative present, hyperbolic body-waves, Œ-ExI(st), whose function resumes the entire system: Max. S x T (e=i), and we shall call the function of existence of the system.

The Universe thus is relatively simple, in its dual and ternary logic, both in geometry, | x º = Œ, its meaning – a game of formal motions of space-synchornous organisation and time, 0-sum world cycles, and properties, geometric, organic, structural, mental, perceptive, as those systems do have a centre of angular momentum, a frame of reference that gauges information, a relative still point of view, and logic causal, since the purpose of those systems is as any fractal generator, to ‘repeat’ its form through slight variations caused by the dynamic duality of the 2 sides of the equation. How many varieties of the equation exist? Infinite. In physical systems the commonest are, expressions in terms of an energetic, spatial parameters and a cyclical curved clock of time (charge, mass, solid matter system in the 3 quantum, ∆-1, ∆-thermodynamic or ∆+1 gravitational scales). For example, we can resume the laws of gravitation in terms of the generator as:

E(Sp) < Constant of informative curvature (G) / or energy density (C) > M (Tƒ)

Whereas the relationship between the state of spatial energy and cyclical time (mass) of the gravitational system can be expansive, entropic, in a big bang in which mass uncoils into bidimensional space-time, cc, or it can be attractive, when entropy becomes mass, as the distance≈ field between two such masses, Mm, curves (G), into a tighter configuration.

In quantum physics the equivalent equation would be:

T(fermion) < Sp (Boson ≈ wave) > T(Fermion)

where two particles exchange a boson wave which might be repulsive-entropic, < or attractive-informative, >, as the wave travels and reproduces, ≈ in the space between both, collapsing back, >, into particle state of maximal information, when the fermion absorbs it.

The essence of the fractal paradigm is thus the diversity of variations on a simple common theme: forms of relative past, spatial entropy, and forms of relative future, information, constantly co-sharing and fluctuating, as they share both expansive and implosive, <, >, motions between them.

Because physics does not have this underlying structure resolved, the confusion and complexity and enormous number of different parameters and concepts used to define all those different phenomena which are essentially similar makes its understanding complex.

To that sheer amount of data, we have on physical systems, it must be noticed that on the lower scales of information (quantum scales), the structure of multiple layers co-existing into wholes that put it all together through internal networks of energy and information (blood, and nervous networks in life beings) is much simplified, so there is not so clear an arrow of absolute future, in which parts embedded into wholes (minS. x Max. T) slowly rise in order during a long time process, to die back in an instant of time in the moment of death (min Time x Max. space).

But this fundamental asymmetry between spatial, entropic motions or big-bangs of death (Max. S x Min. T) does happen also in physical systems, and that is the justification that we call ‘time-future-clocks-cyclical-informative’ processes as they last much longer, and space-dead-lineal-past processes, as they last much shorter. And obviously because parts comes from wholes, the future absolute arrow is that of eusocial evolution, of eusocial love, of compression of individuals, loose gaseous states into liquid and solid even bosonic forms.

The Universe in its widest philosophical expression is a game of formal motions, motions with form. And since Motion never stops IT IS ETERNAL, a game of fluctuations between | and ⊗, lines and self-centred cycles that forms all the conical curves of mathematics, all the forms of space-time of digital computers, all the numbers of the language of mathematics, all the images of the languages of art – all can be reduced to this equation of 2 formal motions, the lineal and angular momentum.

So we could write the most general principle of reality, the fractal generator, |-Sp<œ-ST>⊗-Tƒ, in logic terms: ‘All what exists is motion that changes its form back and forth ad eternal’.

**The generator equation applied to cosmology: time ages, and spatial topologies.**

The Universe is a fractal super organism of lineal space and cyclical time that reproduces in motion and form both ‘topologies’. This is the simplest meaningful explanation of it in verbal syntax. In mathematical equations, the simplest, most meaningful one is Einstein’s E=mc2, written properly in ternary symmetry as:

**Γ1,2,3:** $pace Entropy (not energy, which is self-contained) < cc (energy of light space) > Mð: vortices of mass.

In pure terms of ∆@st, logic syntax we can define it easily with the fractal generator, a feed-back equation of its ternary symmetries, topologies in simultaneous space and sequential worldcycles in time:

Γ@: ∆-i $pe≤≥∆: Ø-∑≈∏≤≥∆+i: O-ðƒ, which expresses its 10 dimensions in symbolic form, whereas, Γ@ is the linguistic mirror in any language of the 10 dimensions, 3 of scales, ∆±i, 3 of topological space, $, Ø, O, 3 of time, P-ast, preSenT and ƒuture, and 3 of space-time that mixes both; as well as its 3 possible ‘flows’, $>ð, a flow of information that shrinks space and grows in form, T<S, a flow of entropy that erases form and ≈, a flow of iteration that repeats a system…

This generator mirrors the 10 dimensions in space-time and can be written in any language. We understand though that mathematics is the most efficient synoptic language-mirror of reality, likely the mind of the dominant physical entities of the Universe, the galaxy-atoms, and as such we do respect astrophysics and will work with them, but *complement its analysis with the synoptic logic of verbal, biological, organic languages, to describe other properties which WORDS can synthesise much better for 2 reasons:*

-THEY are an excellent language to express the 3 verbal temporal arrows of past, present and future tenses.

-They are the human language, hence tailored to study organic properties maximal in humans and also as I am still human not a robot (even if you are reading a machine not talking to me), it is best to talk to most humans, instead of pretending to be a mathematical creationist talking the language of God. This said we shall start the 3rd line with a general view of the ‘immortal fractal Universe’ debunking big-bang kind of absurd theories.

# 2nd Isomorphism. Existential Constants

# SYMMETRIES Species Vital Constants:* space-time elements:* SP<=>Tƒ.

q is its main constant, studied in detail when we consider its parallelism and unification equation with charges.

*the fundamental equations of each scale, its ‘Energy equations’, which describe a sum of lineal and angular quanta of space and time:*

*E=Sp (h-planck) x T(frequency) for the quantum scale.*

In the graph, the limits of entropy and information in the galactic scale: C-speed beyond which we enter into the cosmic realm of DARK ENTROPY. And T<0, beyond which we enter into the higher order of quark DARK MATTER: strangelets & black holes. In this post after introducing those limits and why they are not understood (basically mathematicians do not understand the meaning of ‘imaginary’ numbers, which appear as negative roots in all equations, beyond our scale of measure), we study c-speed and its ternary role in the galactic Universe, as a constant ratio between space and time-information, revising special relativity which is a theory at the limit of a single space-time continuum of GST. Below we observe the same limits of ‘resistance to change for the other two scales of physical systems. We infer by GST homology that c can then be crossed as v for thermodynamic scales and the violet catastrophe for quantum systems, but then we become something ‘else’ (a vortex of heavier mass in accelerators, a fluid vortex in thermodynamics).

Astrœ-physics study all the existential constants of a galaxy, which are parallel to those of the quantum scale, as charges and masses are unified by the ∆-metric of the 5th dimension.

We are though interested in this article in the two fundamental limits of the galaxy in terms of information and entropy and its constants: the 0-temperature of black holes and the c-speed. So we shall attempt a modernisation of Relativity theory – as we have often dealt with black holes in other sections of the blog.

**The many perspectives of faster than light neutrinos.**

Physicists detected the first neutrinos from a supernova in 1987 when a star collapsed some 150 000 light-years away in the Large Magellanic Cloud, the galaxy nearest to the Milky Way. Two huge underground experiments — the Kamiokande detector in Japan and the IMB experiment near Cleveland in Ohio, USA — detected neutrinos from supernova 1987A a full three hours before light from the explosion reached Earth – hence faster than light.

The event marked the birth of neutrino astronomy. And 30 years of denial of another proof of >c speeds, with all kind of subterfuges (in this case that radiation was trapped longer inside the star). There are then many ∆ºst ways to explain this and the dual neutrinos that give birth to light. The ºbserver view is on the graph left:

The ∆±1 view comes from its higher plane: light, which entropically dies into 2 neutrinos. Light split into two neutrinos, (one in fact called an antineutrino), which according to momentum conservation will shoot in opposite directions. So we write in GST: ST-light≈ past-neutrino (faster than light) + future neutrino (with more mass).

We escape the confusion of neutrino/antineutrino calling them left handed and right handed ‘majorana neutrinos’.

And this again can be interpreted as physically real or in mathematical languages, as a virtual split into two particles, which is how an observer perceives faster than light travel (left graph).

**Helicity.**

Finally from the inner neutrino structure, both concepts flux into the problem of the helicity of the neutrino.

On one side the observer paradox also works changing our view of slower than light neutrinos, when the observer travelling at the speed of light who overtakes a left-handed neutrino sees a right-handed neutrino. This merely means heavy right handed neutrinos are slower than c-speed. In fact *much slower, as they interact in the weak force, which is a time force; so they are time particles.*

This again is proved by the fact that we only see the so called massive (anti)neutrinos to possess right-handed helicity (i.e. only one of the two possible spin states has ever been seen), while all so called (faster than light) neutrinos are left-handed (split view as in graph).

(mnemonic rule: The helicity of a particle is right-handed if the direction of its spin is the same as the direction of its motion. It is left-handed if the directions of spin and motion are opposite:

THUS there should be right handed neutrinos, since they have mass , except when they are faster than light, in which case we would see them left handed, as per the upper graph only with one helicity as we will see them only past the observer (coming from the left or the right side).

*Conclusion*. So the final perspective on all this is that b there are only neutrinos, that is antineutrinos and neutrinos, left and right handed are the same particle (majorana neutrinos); one with more mass, as time-particles of the weak reaction (the so called antineutrinos right handed, which contribute to dark matter) and the other the faster than light left handed ones which contribute to dark energy.

In terms of the neutrino theory of light the photon is a composite particle formed of a neutrino–antineutrino pair, which contribute to the gravito-magnetic and electric fields.

Since emission and absorption of a photon corresponds to the creation and annihilation of a particle–antiparticle pair. The names though as those about the electron negative, positive charge are confused.

In fact the antineutrino should be called neutrino. As it is the right-handed massive one of the beta decay. While the entropic past, dissolving faster than light version left handed should be changed name to antineutrino.

And that is again if you didn’t understand anything the problem with classic physics – a mess without grasping the meanings and whys behind mathematical physics and its concepts.

**Birth of present light. **

So we just call them past neutrino with left handed faster than light speed. And the future neutrino with right handed mass, dragged down by the spin into a temporal vortex.

And so one has positive and the other negative energy, and when both are put together one with more mass and the other negative mass, one with more c-speed and the other with less c-speed, voila! They balance and give birth to a ray of light (which again can be explained in several multidimensional perspectives, as per the work of de broglie and jordan, which ads the fact that they exist as ‘the parts that web the light ray, only when they are exactly emitted in opposite directions as entangled particles by two different particles. So the first one will emit a faster than light gravitational neutrino to the past – and that is why it will go faster than light in a present non-local speed, as the past motion offsets the time to get to the other particle at c-speed. And then the second particle will emit a future neutrino, and as the neutrino webs towards the future, will keep encountering the one moving to the past, ‘instantaneously’ into a present c-speed light wave which will be born since Past x FUTURE = present: left + right = non-chirality, and so on and so on… Beautiful first act of creation of our Universe.

(In more detail the problem here is also deep, basically how to convert a fermion into a boson, an distinguishable particle into an indistinguishable one.

Jordan considered the essential part of the problem was to construct Bose–Einstein amplitudes from Fermi–Dirac amplitudes, and he solved it with his hypothesis that the neutrino and antineutrino are emitted in exactly the same direction, which seemed rather artificial and made physicists dismiss it (alas! we have as usually used gst conceptually, they *are emitted in exactly the same direction by two inverse entangled particles – same line of communication – because both are emitted in opposite directions by the two particles, but one travels to the past and the other to the future, so they are in fact seeing as coming from the same direction past to future, from the perspective of the second emitter, which is the one that completes the communication making the light be born.*

So we have come all the way around to explain the birth of light by expanding the limits of relativity beyond its single c-speed space-time continuum. As usual we shall not get into the complex known-known version of all this (commutators, matrices and all that stuff of the pioneers who explained the light theory of neutrinos).

NEITHER WE pretend to be exhaustive, as i can’t work that much on so many posts and sciences… I am just trying to fill bit by bit all what i can of my 30 years ‘Leonardo’s notebooks’ on those texts.

**C-onstant: Its 3 roles.**

So this seems to me good enough. Let us then move to… the specific content we are studying here; section 7 on the Universal Constants of the galactic scale, specifically C, as we study the unification of galaxies and atoms, charges and masses on the next cosmological scale, treating several aspects of the most important constant of the scale, as it represents the ‘fundamental ∆-3 space-time’:

In the graph, according to the ternary method, we shall consider the three main equations in which c-speed appears as a key constant, since all ‘elements of reality’ are ternary in ‘functions’ and multiple in scales. From top to bottom:

- c-speed as the speed which relates the ‘tension≈curvature of space-time’ (εo=1/k) in the charge scale, and its density of information (µo).
- ict dimension of special relativity, which physicists, ignoring the meaning of i numbers, as Gauss defined them – inverse numbers, in most cases signalling an inversion of time arrows from entropy to information and vice versa, prefer to write in square terms as -c²t², obscuring its meaning.
- And the infamous equation of E=mc², in which again physicists miss the point, as the E here stands for entropy and disorder, m for a vortex of temporal information in the ∆+i gravitational scale and the energy is provided by a bidimensional sheet of light-waves. Thus we write its Generator:

Γ: E: Entropy < cc-ST WAVE> M (Information)

And we could say that the first equation relates c with its lower ∆-1 quantum scale, the second equation relates c, to the motion in our ‘human scale’ (observer’s paradoxes of simultaneous measure), and finally the third relates c to its upper scale of mass (in fact it was first established as the opposite equation of creation of mass: M=E/c² in Einstein’s landmark paper ‘can inertial energy create mass?” and write also a generator for the three equations, as we shall find always in gst THAT all human knowledge about a certain event, fact or parameter and its equations can be ‘fitted’ into the 10 dimensions/perspectives of the ∆ºst being:

Γ: Tiƒ: ∆+1: Mass scale≈E/c² < ∆st: :-c²t² : simultaneous present > ∆-1: Spe: c²=k/µ

It is interesting to notice the beautiful symmetries of those equations, that ‘complete the description and main roles of c in the galaxy’ in its 3 scales, (there is of course infinite other equations with c as a constant each of them perfectly explained in its role by GST ‘advanced’ courses, on my 30 years ‘cumulative’ folders, but we shall not deal with them here).

So we shall start first as customary with its use in our ∆º scale.

**e=mc²**

*In the graph, at the limit tolerated by mass, on entropy, c-speed, the rotary vortex of information explodes, decoupling into heavier mass (evolution of mass into three families of growing rotary speed) and faster than light, dark entropy (not energy) of the lower ∆-4 gravitational scale.*

is then clearly entropy *reached on the limit of c-speed by any form of rotary information (mass) or particle in motion, which at that limit dissolves into a big-bang; reason why it can be reached: it is the limit of the Universe.*

*In other words you become dark energy and or rotary dark matter (heavy quarks of the toplet **bct FAMILY). So you cannot go faster than light as light, as ud-light mass, as a being of this region of the Universe.*

This limiting nature as the barrier for an ‘open-ball’ body-wave of energy becomes more clear, when we notice that, unlike ordinary particles, the speed of a tachyon increases as its energy decreases. In particular, E approaches zero when v/c approaches infinity.

For ordinary matter, within the ‘energy body of the galaxy’, E increases with increasing speed, becoming arbitrarily large as v approaches c, the speed of light. Therefore, just as bradyons are forbidden to break the light-speed barrier, so too are tachyons forbidden from slowing down to below c, because infinite energy is required to reach the barrier from either above or below. And since ∞ energy is meaningless – all infinities have a limit. And this is what we observe in cyclical accelerators: energy feeds the upper denominator, mass, transforming itself into larger masses for particles, and in lineal accelerators we imagine light massless particles, photons will simply split its two neutrino fields and dissolve into faster than light dark energy vacuum.

So a present particle ud which can go ad maximal at ¥-c speed, splits into past >c lineal neutrinos and future T<0 MASS particles. That is, transforms via weak force, mediated by neutrinos into a heavier particle (multidimensional interpretations happen always in GST).

As an invisible form, gravitation is NOT clearly understood, despite inroads of Einstein. Still we can consider its Tƒ element, mass vortices, its Sp force, gravitons if they exist or Non-Euclidean space, which is non-local, infinite since SpxTƒ=K, and being 0 its information, Sp=distance must be infinite. This is called non-locality.

The main Space-Energy duality of gravitation is its invisibility as it exists beyond the ∆-3 scale of human light/electronic perception, so we see it as ‘space’ not as energy, even if it is the ∆-4 force that moves us.

** **

# 5th isomorphism: 5 Actions:

As such the limits of equivalence and perception of scales happen for man between the galaxy and the atom, so we can fill in the parts of both we don’t understand or perceive by correspondence with the equivalent ones, specially in the case of forces:

# 6th isomorphism. Species. organic galaxies

Thus, the application of the Generator Equation of 5 Dimensional Fractal ‘systems’ of cycles of spatial energy and temporal information, to cosmology and astrophysics is similar to any other science. As *all parts of the fractal universe are made to the image and likeness of the whole, and the structures repeat constantly.*

We first define an i-logic, ‘Generator’ equation that resumes with 10 parameters the **3 co-existing ∆±1** planes of physical systems, its **3±∆ ages **in time and **3 organic topologies** in space.

We then define the** Œ-points** of those systems and the cyclical space-time actions, they perform in order to survive: **a**-ccelerations, **e**-nergy feeding, **in**formative gauging, **œ**-ffspring creation and Social evolution into Ûniversals.

The difficulty though arises from the fact that Astrophysics is a ‘mathematical-only’ theory with special emphasis in a single space-time continuum analysis of the cosmos and a human, abstract point of view implicit in General Relativity, to which we must add a short of religious dogma, which defies rational challenge, the so-called cosmic big bang and the uncertainty of studying a Universe of which we only perceive a 4%, due to the uncertainty of its vast size and distance from our point of view in terms of scales of the 5^{th} dimension so this implies:

1) The difficulty on translating the exact mathematical, spatial equations of astrophysics into meaningful statements of Organic and temporal, causal nature.

2) The natural opposition to an organic interpretation of the Universe by the present practitioners of the abstract, mathematical paradigm.

On the other hand 5D physics surprisingly enough give new insights in both the cosmic big-bang, General Relativity, and by applying the isomorphic laws of all scales of reality, on the likely nature of dark matter and dark energy which can guide future researchers on the field as long as they accept the broader perspective of a Theory of the Organic Everything (TŒ).

Now we cannot make it easier for the ‘dogma’ of mechanist science as T.Œ implies a change of paradigm and so we will continue the method of other posts.

This means the description of the ‘organic, multi-linguistic’ Universe, will be ‘upside down’ with respect to the analytic method of starting from the study of the minuscule mathematical parts of the Universe, its space-quanta, to build up the structures of the universal organism with a mere abstract mathematical description, which ignores completely the relationship of its organic parts in space, the sequential ages of its worldcycles of conception, birth and extinction and its relative ‘isomorphic’ scales of the 5^{th} dimension, in which similar phenomena take place (big bang scales from the atom to the cosmos).

Instead as usual we will describe first the whole, as an interrelated Organism with 10 ‘dimensional parameters’, hence starting by:

– Defining its Fractal Generator, G, with its ternary symmetries in space, time and its fractal scales and ternary sub-systems for each scale.

– Then study the main species of the 3 co-existing planes of astrophysical systems – which in cosmology are its ∆-1 star systems, its ∆-galaxies and the ∆+1 Universe.

– And as it is quite relevant in the case of physical systems that co-exist in an isomorphic, isotropic background consider the Fractal principle, subdividing them into its 3 sub-systems at atomic level.

– Then we study its organic structure in space with its 3 canonical topologies (Spe-energetic membrane, ExT, cyclical body-wave and Tƒ-informative particle-head), which are often similar in the 3 scales, its 3 ages in time.

– And finally focus on the central 0-points of those systems, which are the commanding black holes that control the galaxy and its cyclical space-time actions.

This is the bare bone elements of astrophysical systems, whose qualitative study we can complete with quantitative analysis of the relationships between its 10 components and 5 actions (3 scales, 3 ages, 3 organs, and 0-points’ actions), as well as its variations of species and Universal constants (ratios and social numbers between those 10 elements and 5 actions).

Thus when study those elements, we can get to any degree of detail we want, using the known ‘space-time dualities and paradoxes’, ternary symmetries of time ages and space organs, decametric social scales between ∆±1 planes, and Universal constants of actions.

Further on we can apply the ternary fractal principle, which makes possible to study any part of __Γ____, The generator, __as a whole and divide it into 3 sub-parts, 3 sub-ages, 3 sub-planes and its main sub-equations. And apply the Fractal Ternary Principle including some elements of the atomic, particle scale, clarifying the connection of the 3 planes..

Since T.Œ and the 5Dimentional organic space-time structure of reality and its cyclical, fractal laws can fully describe all what exists in the cosmos, discerning also what is likely NOT to be.

Now future is inflationary, because the logic mind in lesser space with more information calculates more possible potential logic futures in its mirror fractal of information at faster, speed, but only one of the multiple paths of the wave, will be then converted into reality and the other images will fade away and collapse into the present, single wave, which will then become a discontinuous past that erases.

Because only present space, as we define present as the product of space and time, past and future, only present stays, it is the conservation of energy and information, of the lineal and angular momentums combined into present space-times along a worldcycle of existence, or a synchronous organism.

When we integrate those presents along all the vital spaces and all the time cycles of the system, we obtain the total integral of the function of existence in space time of the present being, with all its future information. So its quantum waves become a single whole motion that integrates them all.

Now, the reader should notice 2 things, which are quite evident. On one side, the similarity between the largest and smallest scales of physical systems, the atom and the galaxy; on the other the question marks on the big-bang theories, which are themes not so obviously related to the saint Grail of physics – the discovery during my studies of both systems of a way to unify both – the world of charges and masses, hence all the scales of physical systems of the Universe, as they had exactly the same equations in the metrics of the 5th dimension. Indeed charges and masses were clocks of time of the electromagnetic and gravitational scale in 5D metrics, only that the galactic vortex turned 10 up to 40 times slower in those metrics than a charge and were larger in a similar quantity (Sp x Tƒ = K).

And so when I translated the equations of electromagnetism to the jargon of gravitation alas, all the equations matched, those of the electron with the galactic halo, and the black hole radius appeared suddenly as the radius of the Bohr Hydrogen atom…

Thus when I found that the 10 up to 40 relationship between the charge and mass forces (the so-called hierarchy problem), was equivalent to the different of ‘speed of a charge and mass clock’ in 5D metrics – giving birth to an easy unification as time clocks of two scales it was the beginning of a full new field of science, which I called 5D cosmology.

Thus galaxies can also be studied in space as a fractal point with 3 regions that correspond to the 3 ‘canonical’ topologies of a 4-dimensional world – an informative center, an energetic membrane, and the reproductive intermediate zone:

– Max. Tƒ: The center of the galaxy is a swarm of black holes, its densest informative masses, which produces the gravitational, informative waves that control the position of its body of stars. Beyond its event horizon, the accelerated vortex of mass of the black hole (Equivalence Principle) should accelerate light, deflecting it into a perpendicular, hyperbolic, informative dimension of height (Kerr superluminal, central singularity) ejecting it as gravitational jets of dark Entropy at 10 C.

For that reason Kerr black holes^{10} should be called wormholes, because they absorb light but let it escape through its axis as dark, gravitational Entropy, at faster than light speeds.

-Max. Sp: The external membrane that limits the inner space-time of the galaxy is a spherical halo of dark matter, probably made of strangelets or micro black holes, which can deviate unwanted radiation by gravitational red shift and/or absorb the Entropy of radiant matter, cooling it down to the 2.7 K background radiation.

Thus those non-evaporating micro black holes and strangelets of great density act as ‘proteins’ do in cells*, *controlling the inner movement of galaxies and the outer absorption of light-Entropy.

– Sp=Tƒ: Stars, tracing toroid cycles form the inner space-time body of the galaxy, a bidimensional plane or Klein’s disk that feeds the wormhole and reproduces atomic substances and stars. They ultimately evolve into black holes, which migrate toward the central swarm of holes, residing in the nucleus. In any Klein disk distance is measured as motion and becomes infinite when we cannot reach a limit or barrier (for example the barrier of light speed becomes an infinite Lorentz Transformation). So it happens with the border of the galaxy.

We are part of that intermediate space-time in a Milky Way, limited by its central hole and an invisible border of dark matter, neither of which we can cross without dying; since the speed of rotation of matter around the wormhole and the flows of intergalactic dark Entropy that expands space at light speeds beyond the halo *would destroy us.* Thus we are trapped in this star and planet, in a toroid cycle that will end evolving the Sun into dark matter.

Thus the generator equation of the galaxy as a Fractal ∆-point is:

*E:Halo <stars that evolve Entropy into matter> Tƒ (Black holes)*

In the image, the structure of the galaxy: stars are created in the intermediate region and the center is occupied by a black hole.

The energetic medium that transfers Entropy to the fractal quanta of the galaxy is the external interstellar gas. Finally the system is joined by 2 networks of forces: the gravitational, faster, non-local informative, transversal gravitational waves at the cosmological scale; and the energetic, smaller, slower electromagnetic waves at the quantum scale.

Let us study the parts of the whole – the 3 elements of galaxies, stars, black holes and gravitational forces that join them, now *from the perspective of its quanta – the quarks that have the same parameters in the ∆-1 scales of the 5th dimension that the larger ∆+1 black holes and strange stars*.

** ORGANIC GALAXIES**. **ITS SCALES, SPATIAL PARTS AND TIME CYCLES.**

So let us consider the structure of the superorganism of the galaxy, in the same fashion we have studied all other superorganisms of the Universe, using its generator equation; for simplicity in the following order, its spatial 3 parts, its, evolutionary 3±∆ ages, and its Tƒ-point, the central black hole of maximal information that connects it as a ‘whole’ with the upper scale of the 5th dimension, the world of dark matter and energy, beyond it.

Of course, we shall have to correct some errors and anthropomorphic postulates topic of all human sciences, which will make ‘scholars’ feel offended, but we are not concerned with the theories of the day but the larger truth of the structure of reality. So far, so good, within the Galaxy, we must affirm ‘don’t worry be happy’, humans have done for a change a good job. There is a limit of c-speed, the action of space-time of the galaxy; there is a temporal clock structure, mass, which slows down its time clocks as it grows bigger (even in the minimal scale in which mass is meaningful, that of living superorganisms, so the clocks of smaller masses – rats tick much faster than those of the big elephants).

So we can define without further ado the structure of galaxies in space:

** The Three Non-Euclidean Regions of the Galaxy. : Sp (Halo)<ST: stars >Tƒ: black hole.**

Let us now consider the ternary topology of the equivalent ‘entity’ to the atom in the gravitational membrane – the galaxy. Thus the generator equation of the galaxy as a Fractal ∆-point is:

*E:Halo <stars that evolve Entropy into matter> Tƒ (Black holes)*

In the graph, a galaxy is a curved, fractal space-time of huge spatial proportions, hence minimal form (inversion of properties between Spatial Extension and temporal information). Thus galaxies can also be studied in space as a fractal point with 3 regions that correspond to the 3 ‘canonical’ topologies of a 4-dimensional world – an informative center, an energetic membrane, and the reproductive intermediate zone:

– Max. Tƒ: The center of the galaxy is a swarm of black holes, its densest informative masses, which produces the gravitational, informative waves that control the position of its body of stars. Beyond its event horizon, the accelerated vortex of mass of the black hole (Equivalence Principle) should accelerate light, deflecting it into a perpendicular, hyperbolic, informative dimension of height (Kerr superluminal, central singularity) ejecting it as gravitational jets of dark Entropy at 10 C.

For that reason Kerr black holes10 should be called wormholes, because they absorb light but let it escape through its axis as dark, gravitational Entropy, at faster than light speeds.

-Max. Es: The external membrane that limits the inner space-time of the galaxy is a spherical halo of dark matter, probably made of strangelets or micro black holes, which can deviate unwanted radiation by gravitational red shift and/or absorb the Entropy of radiant matter, cooling it down to the 2.7 K background radiation.

Thus those non-evaporating micro black holes and strangelets of great density act as ‘proteins’ do in cells*, *controlling the inner movement of galaxies and the outer absorption of light-Entropy.

– Es=It: Stars, tracing toroid cycles form the inner space-time body of the galaxy, a bidimensional plane or Klein’s disk that feeds the wormhole and reproduces atomic substances and stars. They ultimately evolve into black holes, which migrate toward the central swarm of holes, residing in the nucleus. In any Klein disk distance is measured as motion and becomes infinite when we cannot reach a limit or barrier (for example the barrier of light speed becomes an infinite Lorentz Transformation). So it happens with the border of the galaxy.

We are part of that intermediate space-time in a Milky Way, limited by its central hole and an invisible border of dark matter, neither of which we can cross without dying; since the speed of rotation of matter around the wormhole and the flows of intergalactic dark Entropy that expands space at light speeds beyond the halo *would destroy us.* Thus we are trapped in this star and planet, in a toroid cycle that will end evolving the Sun into dark matter.

In the image, the structure of the galaxy: stars are created in the intermediate region and the center is occupied by a black hole.

The energetic medium that transfers Entropy to the fractal quanta of the galaxy is the external interstellar gas. Finally the system is joined by 2 networks of forces: the gravitational, faster, non-local informative, transversal gravitational waves at the cosmological scale; and the energetic, smaller, slower electromagnetic waves at the quantum scale.

Let us study the parts of the whole – the 3 elements of galaxies, stars, black holes and gravitational forces that join them.

*Recap*. Galaxies are fractal ∆-points with 3 standard topological regions: a spatial body of stars and an informative nucleus of black holes. The closest self-similarity in our world is with a cell.

NOW, THE STUDY of those galaxies in time follows a closer symmetry to that of the galaxy in space:

So the little bang, was the death of the previous galaxy, or according to the quasar cycle of barred galaxies (and ours is a barred one), a 20 billion years cycle of birth and death of galactic systems, in which the central black hole suffers a cosmic collapse of all its matter, and then spits it out in a quasar explosion, starting a new cycle:

*Spatial symmetry: Sp: Neutrino & Light background < St-ars > Black Matter*

# 7th* isomorphism:*

# 3±∆ Temporal ages **in cosmology.**:

*Generator Equation:* Einstein’s field equations. Gravitation bends according to Einstein’s equations since ‘time bends space into mass’. Thus Sp(gravitation > Tƒ (Mass). So the arrow of solid, crystal, boson, information in all scales of matter is related to the curvature of space-time, and its angular motion:

Let us in introduce the cyclical theory of cosmology starting by:

__The consequences of cyclical time__in the perception of the present lineal analysis of the Universe, as a ‘block of infinite lineal time duration’.

First we shall consider the space-time cycle of the Universe, which will allow us also to illustrate the quite different consequences of using with the same equations, the two different concepts of a universe dominated by a single continuum space, and one dominated by time, made of infinite space-time cycles.

In the graph, the lineal time of Cartesian graphs, accepts only a natural motion – lineal inertia, and denies the fundamental property of time cycles, its closed cyclical form that carries the causal, repetitive laws and stores the information of the Universe in the frequency and form of those cycles.

Since every time motion of the Universe is cyclical and lineal time, physical time, a shorter part of a cycle, or the sum of multiple ‘cyclical steps’, as the wave of light, used to define a second according to its ‘frequency of time cycles’.

Mathematically the discontinuity of space-time and hence the existence of infinite fractal space-time motions in the Universe is proved by the fundamental theorem of topology and knot theory: a closed cycle divides the Universe in an inner and outer space, breaking it.

Thus a time clock or time cycle breaks (knot theory, topology) space into an inner and outer region. So we must also talk of infinite broken spaces, fractal parts of space with ‘motion’ or ‘energy’ that a time cycle surrounds and controls: The unit of the Universe is a space-time cycle; and all beings of Nature are made of such ‘fundamental particles’, the cyclical, fractal space-time born of enlarging, each ‘point’ of lineal time into a ‘cycle’.

Thus the existence of cyclical time clocks implies that space is fractal and enclosed by time clocks, which manage those spaces as their vital, inner spaces, the ‘internal substances’ of which relational space-time beings are made.

So it is not possible to extend to infinity a lineal equation as big-bang physicists do. The equation WILL curve and the big-bang if it existed for the whole Universe, would end in a big crunch (we shall see many proofs it might be restarted to a quasar cycle, as our measure is local in this galaxy and we have tabulated a 10 to 20 billion year cycle of quasars for galaxies, so it might be again another anthropomorphic ego-trip of explaining it all).

Now, in this graph, written with the sequential equation of the Worldcycle of life and death we see two clear differences between the interpretation of the same phenomena in absolute space-time and relational space-time.

Above, the big-bang cycle is described as a single line of a single continuum space-time and a single time direction. The same graph, which is the last one of our ‘Still picture’ the beginning and the end is the same. It is a cycle. And this is what Einstein’s 3 solutions to the space-time structure of the Universe tell us:

The big-bang entropic, expansive solution, its inverse big crunch, Gödel, cyclical solution and the intermediate ‘steady state’, balanced longer present solution in which we exist (the preferred by Einstein, then improved by Hoyle).

Why this huge difference? Simply speaking, because the physicist, which believes in ‘space’ as the only and fundamental factor of the Universe Tends to order systems and solutions to their equations as space solutions. So the 3 solutions to EFE are for the physicist ‘parallel space Universes’ – one in which space is always in a perpetual big-bang (his interpretation of our Universe), other which is a cyclical form (Black hole solution) and one immortal in eternal steady state.

So simply speaking, physical systems display the same 3 ages of all other systems of the Universe, from big-bang entropic ages, to steady state ages, to black hole crunching.

In that regard among the laws≈symmetries of 5D Time-space applied to all sciences, the most important is the explanation of the life-death world cycle:

Time no longer traces worldlines as in 4D physics, but worldcycles, as it is cyclical and has a new dimension of informative height that ‘curves’ the vital Energy of any being into a cycle.

And further on existence in time happens as a travel through 3 5D ∆±1 planes of space-time, from the seminal i-1 faster plane of existence, to the human i-ndividual plane, as members of the slower i+1 rhythms of nations and civilizations our super organisms, to the conundrum of genetics.

Thus smaller ‘systems’ paradoxically as fractals do hold more information in its faster cycles of time. So they code the larger plane of human existence. In the graph we illustrate those 3 cases showing its co-invariant Sxt parameters.

Now, the 5th dimension is more complex and revealing than all the others, because it explains the life-death cycle of all systems, born in the seminal ∆-1 scale as faster time cycles which enclose a vital energy with faster motions, which reproduce and become waves, planes and topological networks, emerging finally into the ∆-scale of the organism, which in turn will become part of slower, larger social ecosystems.

In relational space-time though solutions to space-time equations are routinely considered time solutions, which vary along a certain ‘time-space parameter’.

**Lineal vs. cyclical vs. social 5D time**

In relativity, the momentum and the energy are the space and time parts of a space-time vector, the four-momentum, and the relativistic invariant relation relates them:

E^{2}/c^{2} – p^{2}= m^{2} c^{2}

which says that the length of this four-vector is proportional to the rest mass *m*.

This of course is ‘time duration’, and so we can related the ‘total volume’ of the time duration or worldcycle of the system, to its Energy and each slice to its momentum. Mass thus become the whole of this worldview of the system, the product of its ‘spatial steps-momentums’ and its whole lineal duration. This physicists describe as the ‘block’ of the worldline of the being.

But in the concept of cyclical time which adds complexity to our analysis, we describe another type of time=change – the internal transformations of the being.

The reader in that regard should understand that the largest possible philosophical conception of time as change has at least those 3 perspectives: change as a lineal translation, and then we can obtain properties derived from classic physics; change as an internal transformation, and then the concept of cyclical time applies.

And finally change as evolution, which ultimately ends up being social d=evolution into wholes or dissolution into parts (Devolution) and then the 5D rules apply.

It is clear to me but likely not to physicists that understanding the cyclical and 5d concepts of time is of more philosophical interest than the lineal concepts associated to p and E.

It of course remains as a huge field of inquire, the proper translation of the entire jargon of physics to 5D, which I have from time to time explored with delightful moments for the mind, but have not published in earnest.

The 3 ages of ‘gravitational space’ with minimal light observed between galaxies are given by Einstein’s 3 solutions to its space-equations which define an expansive, big-bang, a steady state age and an Black Hole vortex.

** ****The proper interpretation of Three EFE solutions. The 3 ages=horizons of the quasar big-bang.**

*The ages of the Universe are 3 formal ages of increasing curvature: an energetic youth (big bang), a reproductive, steady state or big-banging; and a 3rd age of warping information or big crunch, which can be used to study the 3 horizons of any scale of physical matter.*

The 3 ages of the big bang are the 3 EFE solutions to Einstein’s space-time equations, which if we order them in time represent the expansive, steady state and implosive phases of the big-bang cycle of the quasar galaxy.

So the 3 equations show a perfect time symmetry of a worldcycle of a galaxy.

__C) Correspondence with EFE.__ Now, the proper way to explain cyclical big-bangs, in any scale (obviously due to the finding of unusual things) is to postulate a local background radiation – which can be the local cluster, the galaxy itself, the cloud that surrounds the local group (the diatomic Andromeda+Milky Way), or even a microcosmic effect of gravitational red shift by the halo of the galaxy dark matter, likely to be made of strangelets; and we shall consider all those cases with a conceptual approach).

While the proper way to adapt any of those big bangs of a possible galactic quasar is to prove the 3 ages of quasars’ correspondence with Einstein’s EFE.

In this case the parameter is the well known to physicists Cosmological constant which varies around a ±0 value, defining 3 possible ‘ages’ in time of the Universe:

|-$p: Young, entropic, energetic big-bang age.

œ-∑∏: Present steady state in which galaxies warp space-energy into cyclical accelerated vortices of time (not other thing is a galaxy than a vortex of gravitational acceleration) while space between them expands.

ðƒ: Future implosive warping big crunch, which will end in a new big-bang cycle.

It must be stressed that the equations we consider are the same, but the interpretation varies. An astrophysicist considers only an absolute space-time, continuous and hence with a single time solution AND a single-space solution. Hence he will tell you that the Universe is expanding in an ‘accelerated’ way, and will finally become ‘dead’ in an extension.

But this is NOT science but ideology, in the sense that it comes from the ‘Postulate of lineal time’ (latter we shall see how indeed is an ideology proper of the military, since physicists have a worldly profession – to make weapons – and so Galileo, which was truly a professional weapons maker working for the Arsenal of Venice for the princely salary of 1000 golden ducats, dedicated to calculate the longest trajectory of cannonballs as any undergrad student knows with his exercise of 1st course on physics).

And so, this lineal motion bias of the military and its weapons maker (his first book was called ‘military instruments’, his second ‘ballistics’) sips in almost every philosophical concept of physics we shall debunk. In this case physicists ignore as if they were not there, the warping quality of galaxies that crunch the energy of vacuum lineal space into cyclical closed motions called particles and masses, which are according to Einstein’s principle of equivalence and the pictures we obtain of them, accelerated vortices of forces, which balance the accelerated lineal expansion between galaxies to create a steady state Universe.

Moreover, we see that those space-time solutions DO happen in different scales of the fractal space-time Universe, because in 5D fractal, relational space-time, we order the infinite different cycles and arrows-motions of time, and its Still forms in space with a new dimension (this is obvious, if we multiply the number of space-times, we need a new dimension to order them).

So we can see that the SAME Einstein Field equations do describe perfectly the quasar big-bangs of galaxies, even to smaller particles, which also follow the E=Mc^{2} dual explosive and implosive arrows of time.

__E) Experimental evidence.__

And then it comes the big question, since all our observations are ‘local’ (in the surroundings of Earth at best): it is the big-bang equation of Einstein the big bang of our galaxy? Or the big bang of the Universe? It is the map of the local background radiation that of the last cycle of implosion and explosion of our central black hole or the entire Universe exploding?

A detailed mathematical analysis of present cosmology, we will observe surprisingly that the data fits far more properly with a local galactic big-bang quasar cycle NOT with a Universal big bang. And so the last Hoyle’s theory of the big-bang (the sum of quasar big-bangs) is more proper. Some basic proofs are:

– Temporal analysis: French mapping of the cycle of galaxies, whose black holes explode in a 10 to 20 billion period, hence our galaxy should have exploded within that period. Moreover, in as much as there are galaxies, undergoing a second cycle with obvious traces of a previous explosion, 13 billion years for the big bang is too little.

Undoubtedly this is the ‘life time of our galaxy’, not the entire Universe.

– The same goes for the spatial analysis: black holes on the edge of the Universe are too big, for so little time to form, obviously the final remnant of an absorption of the matter of an entire galaxy.

– Shadows of the afterglow. There are no shadows in galaxies, which should be left by remnant explosion coming from the edges of the Universe.

We will bring many more proofs as we update in the future this post.

Thus the big-bang is a metaphysical theory, in which the number of false assumptions, is remarkable (for it to be the ‘mantra’ only-theory of physicists, something I ascribe as most errors of science to the ‘ego paradox – it makes them the high popes of science, the new religious authority on the meaning of it all)

Now I see here a pattern, so often disguised in human scholarship: a power trip or ego trip makes a discipline corrupted from the larger humanist point of view (all sciences must in their praxis serve mankind, the 99%); in this case physicists originated in the mostly white, Germanic culture of weapons and imitated the long swords, agglutinative long words and dogmatic brain of unbreakable false truths, based in visual, lineal, motion oriented, energetic time, of the dolichocephalic, Neanderthal decoupling of mental races of mankind (see cultural and central post). In brief, physics as it is taught today is the worldly religion of mechanical objects, biased to lineal, energetic visions, with some religious dogmas, similar to those of Shiva and Thor, the Indo-European Brahmins and druids of their earlier cult to motion and weapons.

Fair enough. And in brief terms: I have always fought physicists’ lineal, entropy theories and their weapons both in my theoretical and activist life, for those who know about it. They won those battles with the usual suspect methods (censorship, silence on cyclical time analysis and ad hominem campaigns against anti-nuclear activism). so cyclical time does not matter today, and the nuclear industry keeps working at CERN to produce black holes and strangelets on earth and blow us all.

The problem though is not as Smolin put it of ‘physics’ so much as of Physicists, like Durrenmatt well expressed on his theatre work. This said because physics is part of the Universe and a huge, large quantity of it, but NOT the most interesting in terms of information, due to its uncertainties of distance to man – which can learn more about the game of existence by studying its closer organisms, cells, individuals and historic societies; we do have to study physics.

But we are always under the boot of the worldly profession, the power of physicists, the lineal bias of entropy theories, and the uncertainty of remote scales to man (dark energy-matter in cosmology, uncertain measure in small beings bombed and hence interfered by the observer), which ALLOWS physicists to invent biased spooky theories, bending their information and disrespecting the E=Mc³ 5 postulates of truth of the scientific method (Experimental evidence, Minimalist simplicity, Coherence, Correspondence and Cyclical predictability).

In the cosmological world, we observe an order of time similar to that of life and the quantum world, both experimentally in the process of evolution of stars and galaxies and mathematically in Einstein’s metric equations of Universal space-time.

There are 2 space-time membranes, and since both are made of Entropy and form, both follow the 3 ages of time in its evolution. In gravitational physics, the 3 ages of gravitational space-time are defined by relativity. Those 3 ages are mathematically equivalent to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s space-time equations.

*
*

*All systems are a sum of quantic cycles that absorb, emit and transform motion into information: $t*≈ðƒ

**General relativity a fast over view. The symmetry of relativity in time, the 3 ages of EFE.**

The 3 ages of time in cosmology applies to EFE’s (Einstein’s field equations) 3 main solutions *3 *hypothetical *different Universes, they represent the structure of any space-time, including our galaxy, an island Universe through its 3 ages.*

It is also possible to make a complex mathematical treatment of the 3 ages of galactic systems: the 1st age of the system will be the Entropy age, the 3rd age the information age, and the middle age is one of balance, Sp=Tƒ, when the reproduction of most particles took place. We are in that period.

*– Max. $t (Youth): *The Entropy age is Lemaitre’s big bang solution that expands space. *This solution in the fractal model of space-time applies only to the vacuum space between galaxies.*

*-∑=∏; *The steady state Universe is Einstein’s solution. It applies to the entire Universe.

*– Max. ð§: *Kerr’s solution of a rotary black hole, which is the third age of an implosive Universe that reverses time coordinates as matter falls back into the central Worm Hole of any space-time.

However because time space fractal and dual, while those solutions in a wider outlook will be applied successively to each age of the Universe, they are also applied in space to the fractal parts of the whole. Thus the big-bang solution applies to the intergalactic space, which astrophysicists study and erroneously apply to the entire Universe (given their dogma of a single continuous space-time).

The informative* solution applies to our galaxy. *But it does not mean a travel backward in time but an informative vortex, a cyclical clock of time – the galaxy *in which we exist with an arrow of information *different from the expansive arrow of the intergalactic space of dark Entropy and tired light.

And so we get adding all the expansive motions of intergalactic space and the implosive vortices of galactic mass, a relative balance that is the present steady state applied to the whole; since in each phase of reality all yangs have some yin and all yings seed of yang.

__Its Universal ratios/constants of Entropy and form.__

In the space-time of the Universe, in the same manner that any other three ages can be related by the different ratios of Entropy and information or vital constants of a being, those three ages are defined mathematically by the constant of action that relates the Entropy and information of the Universal space-time, Lambda & G.

Indeed, the constants of any system are ratios of transformation of the Entropy and form of any system, ðƒ/$t=K or proportions of Entropy and form, Exi=K. Thus constants evolve and change as the Entropy and information of a system changes with time. In biology, is known that vital constants, change as an organism gets old and becomes wrinkled and warped, increasing its information and diminishing its capacity to process Entropy, changing its metabolic constants and speed of information/thought.

Dirac, Brans-Dicke, and others understood this in cosmology. Indeed, G is a ratio of the mass=information and Entropy= distance of a system. And we already saw how a change on those ratios allowed us to unify and measure the Entropy and form of the 3 membranes of the Universe (strong, gravitational and light forces).

A kind of cosmic repulsive force was first hypothesized by Albert Einstein in 1917 and was represented by a term, the “cosmological constant,” that Einstein reluctantly introduced into his theory of general relativity in order to counteract the attractive force of gravity and account for a universe that was assumed to be static (neither expanding nor contracting). As usual first intuitions are the best and indeed THE COSMOLOGICAL constant, in a fractal Universe, where space expands entropically and cyclical time vortices implode, DO represent exactly what Einstein meant – the expansive force of space that balances the contraction of the galactic vortices of the galaxies-atoms to maintain the entire 5D plane of cosmology in a dynamic balance.* *

In the equations of Einstein that define the three ages of a galactic space-time and perhaps an entire Universe, that relationship is given by the cosmological constant that measures the Entropy of the gravitational vacuum, l, which Nottale used to measure the minimal fractal quanta of gravitational Entropy. The constant changes with the 3 ages of any fractal space-time or island Universe. In a young, expanding space, l is positive, but so close to zero that it easily* becomes negative, causing a *warping or big crunch. And so l will also change through the 3 ages or *solutions of Einstein’s equation, till reaching the informative age of the galaxy in which we exist. *

*Recap. *The 3 ages of the Universe correspond to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s equations: The young big-bang; the reproductive, steady state or big-banging and the cyclical, informative age, occurring in BLACK holes – Kerr’s solution. They apply in space to the expanding space, imploding, galactic vortex and both together create the present balanced steady state.

So the core of astrophysics is the understanding of the world cycles of physical systems in time and its organic structure in space.

Let us then introduce that organic structure in space, symmetric to its ages in time.

**8Th isomorphism: WORLDCYCLE **. big bang?

IN THE GRAPH, we see all the E≤c≈c≥M, (S<≈>T) ternary ages of the scales of physical systems. In the bottom the proper order of the 3 canonical solutions to EFE (EINSTEIN’s field equations) give us a cyclical big-bang Universe and quasar, which has been proved by french astronomers’ work on the 20 billion year cycle of quasars:

Needless to say the cosmological big-bang which runs in the problem of age (it is shorter than the whole cycle of a galaxy) precludes, we cannot understand the cosmos enough to make such huge anti-experimental simplifications. IT is though that scale at the ∆-4 grade of ‘field’ (occupied by dark entropy, likely repulsive: dying gravitation) where we shall start our disquisitions on the scalar frontiers of the known Universe.

We do have in the 4th line section on cosmology, a whole treatise on the 10 most quoted proofs of the big-bangs with equations and quantitative analysis to show ALL OF THEM, fit better when we explain big-bangs as ‘local quasar deaths’ of those galactic vortices, ultimately as all physical systems dual in its implosive and explosive EM arrows expressed in Einstein’s work.

Then, all falls right – and in this the details were provided in his latter years by Fred Hoyle, the true genius of Cosmology that rightly considered a ‘fractal series of quasar-big bangs’ in each galaxy, all of them balanced by the entropy between them, with a steady state of continuous creation of matter. Hoyle of course invented as a mockery the term big-bang as an allusion to the worldly job of his main proponent Mr. Gamow, who had worked in the Atomic bomb.

*The realpolitiks of power, religion and the military as ‘idol-ogies’ of the **big bang*Since the Big Bang became a canonical theory of reality during the Cold War, as a perfect ‘alibi’ for the development of the Nuclear Industry and its accelerators, still at CERN probing to repeat the Nova Big-bangs taking place on the cosmos, as if the risks involved (no more no less than the possible explosion of the planet) were just peccadilloes compared to the new knowledge it should provide on the meaning of it all.

Bottom line is this: the big-bang is an absurdity, a singularity point which fits in the hand of the human scientist containing the entire Universe, never mind how, and then suddenly exploding into infinity, who knows why, with a beginning which IS PURELY A CREATIONIST THEORY, whose earlier proponent in fact, Mr. Lemaitre was a canonical priest. And so physicists thus connected directly as high popes of science with religion and both were happy – Abrahamic religions had found its ‘scientific proof that God created the Universe’ (obviously ‘someone’ must have hold that singularity in its hand, something must existed to cause it).

While Physicists were happier because before they had little prestige as their worldly profession was indeed to make weapons and entropic machines, so all encyclopedia defined physics as the ‘science of motion’ (locomotion), not as the philosophy of science, now wrongly has become. So suddenly the cosmological big-bang as absurd and false as it is, gave the entropic, weapon makers their category as supreme intelligences on planet earth. And of course the military were even happier that Shiva, not Visnu, destruction not organic creation had been the ultimate cause of the Universe… Alas, by researching new bombs as CERN does these days, we were going to answer the meaning of it all.

It had of course the virtue of being simple enough for all people to understand. God created the Universe from an infinitesimal point would say a believer. God created the Universe with a single lineal equation, V=Hod eery resembling the word God, would say the astrophysicist quoting the supposed lineal expansion of the Universe (Hubble’s constant being H here, V speed of locomotion)… And God is just a warrior exploding it all, would confirm the military man on charge of accumulating big-bang-bombs.

Now, the web is being very harsh specially with entropy physicists, ‘kicking the balls of the physical dogma’, because it is really a very religious outlook out there in astrophysicists’ congresses with the big-bang; so if there is the slightest chance for the reader to ‘react’ to his ‘beliefs’ and awe of the high priesthood of big-bang theorists, he has to be confronted right on, with the ‘religious absurdity’ and biased ‘selection of data’, which is also proper of religions. We just have moved from creationist verbal thought (God creates the universe with words, and selects them, to the point it speaks ‘only’ arab in Islam) to mathematical creationist and also a selective one (God creates the universe with maths, and selects only entropic maths:)

If anything astrophysicists are even worse than modern christians which mostly have doubts because they don’t doubt at all. *They simply don’t realize they are believers not rational thinkers in what regard time arrows and how the future is webbed by information.*

How the brain ‘blinds’ 1/2 of reality to them has a lot to do with the modular, psychological, memorial, repetitive structure of the brain and its ‘lineal perspective’ – the incapacity of huminds to accept multiple points of view, so we must develop also an epistemology of truth and logic which goes beyond the one-dimensional concepts of truth or false and single causality proper of huminds. Since most humans and most models of science at the larger range (where modeling and speculation is needed not only descriptive details) are filled with traps that disguise beliefs as reason…

When we take away dogma and input gravitation and galaxies it is all very simple: what galaxies emit through its black hole axis, is the ‘*dark entropy scale’ below the visible c-speed world. *

*But it is seen NOT as faster than light speed (as time motion) but as ‘enlarged, scattering space’ (as space-distance) carrying away a high speed jet of matter:* In its metric equations though is the hyperluminal perpendicular region of the ‘Kerr hole’ axis that stretches the Universe. And fantaphysicists without the proper 5D metric to justify those hyperluminal speeds in the lower scale ‘consider’ a door to another ‘parallel Universe’ (:But it is compensated by the vacuum condensation into particles on the flat plane of those galaxies. By not measuring this Cosmologists can talk of a single arrow of entropy for the future of the Universe.

*It does come then as a huge problem the problem of causality: In the big-bang and the black hole singularity, **basically the same equations at work at different scales, theoreticians denied Einstein’s dictum there should be a limiting cut off substance or reality that prevented errors in the theory. *

The laws of Relativity and science don’t break down in the singularity of the big-bang or black hole BECAUSE THERE IS NO SINGULARITY.

Because IT IS NOT expected in Relativity to exist SINGULARITIES, but a dense ‘real source’ and cause for the gravitation: It is ONLY because mathematicians who ARE not truly aware of physics and its realism, like Hawking and Penrose, are moving backwards equations BEYOND the very same initial conditions that are REAL – in the case of a black hole a frozen star of dense quarks that cause gravitation; in the case of the expansion of space in the Universe the *central black holes that eject dark entropy through their axis.*

Let us then conclude this fast review of the main elements of ‘existence’, and its superorganisms in space and worldcycles in time, managed by a singular mind that stops time into information, with a few classic examplex of those…

** **

*9th to 11th isomorphism: §*cales & Planes:

**The Universe is a Fractal organism.**

*The Universe and man described as fractals, whose cellular units are blood and nervous ‘Ðimotions’/ information networks and informative masses (MACHOs, quark stars?) and light galaxies that shape 2 networks of radiant ‘Ðimotions’ and dark, informative matter. Each point of those 2 networks (compared to the similar networks of a human organism) represents a galaxy.*

The Universe can be described as a fractal, based in the existence of the 3 elements that define all Natural fractals:

– The Universe has 2 networks, one of electromagnetic ‘Ðimotions’ and one of gravitational information (black holes, dark matter) that controls the electromagnetic world. It has also informative vortices (masses and charges) and lineal forces.

– Its fundamental particles, quarks of mass/information and electrons/photons of electromagnetic ‘Ðimotions’ can absorb ‘Ðimotions’, gauge information and reproduce self-similar particles.

– The structure of those particles and forces is scalar: lineal forces of electromagnetic ‘Ðimotions’ and cyclical particles of gravitational information grow in scale and size, from the tiniest lineal and cyclical strings, which are so small that we cannot perceive them, to the atomic scale of lineal forces (light, gravitation) and cyclical particles (electrons and quarks), to the cosmic scale of gravitational and electromagnetic fields, caused by spherical, celestial bodies (stars, black holes and planets), creating the macrocosms we perceive.

The galaxy has a dual network of informative, black hole masses and electromagnetic stars, which are the cells of the informative and energetic networks of the galaxy, join by flows of gravitational and electromagnetic space. And in the same manner, if we take each galaxy as a st-point, we can map out the Universe as a dual network of dark, gravitational information (left side of the picture), which joins the central black holes of the galaxy and electromagnetic ‘Ðimotions’, which joins the electromagnetic planes of the galaxies (a point in the right side of the graph).

Since systems extend in ‘4-dimensional space’ as a series of networks webbed among them, and in the hierarchical scales of size as a series of parts that become wholes, units/parts of new wholes and in time as a sequence dominated by one of those 3 networks, which will grow from the lower cellular scale into the social scale and die back into the cellular scale. And also we can consider that the Universe will go through 3 ages that correspond to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s spacetime equation and start as a relative ‘seminal cell’ in the big bang and finally warp into the big-crunch of maximal form.

Bio-chemical and geometrical fractals have been known for a century. But only recently we have studied *the physical Universe as a fractal*, born out of the dynamic combinations of those 2 arrows of time. One of its most remarkable successes is the description of Einstein’s space-time continuum as an iteration of some basic fractal geometries (Nottale). Thus Einstein’s sentence, ‘Time curves space’, means in fractal terms that the arrow of informative time curves the vacuum ‘Ðimotions’ of the Universe, fractalizing it into fractal particles, charges and masses, which are fractal, spiral vortices of electromagnetic and gravitational information.

Moreover, if we order the sizes of the Universe in a *decametric scale*, we find that at certain intervals the same forms and functions appear once and again. In the 60s, the American filmmaker Eames made a documentary called ‘The Power of 10’, in which that iterative repetition of cyclical, spiral forms appeared from the quark to the cluster. In fact, the homology of form and function between those scales is so remarkable that the same equations describe the tiny magnetic field of an electron or a star, made of trillions of particles. Thus, since that decametric scale is the most common scale considered for the entire Universe, we can define the Universe in fractal terms:

*‘The Universe is a fractal super-organism made of particles of information and forces of ‘Ðimotions’ gathered in networks, whose formal cycles repeat in decametric scales’.*

While the fractal Universe and the continuous model of the big-bang use the same experimental information, the final outlook is very different. Since the fractal Universe is:

- B) Cyclical. C) ∞ in ‘Ðimotions’ x information scales.

Indeed, even if there were a process of organic reproduction, of a big-bang like radiation of forms and particles over a surface of void ‘Ðimotions’, this will be subject to the duality of arrows of time, of life and death cycles, of big crunches (life, creation of information) and big bangs (death, creation of ‘Ðimotions’). So B->A, and since the Universe is cyclical, it is eternal. And so, in a fractal Universe the metaphysical question is: do Universes become ‘microscopic black holes’, quarks of a bigger, fractal Hyper-Universe? A detailed study of the physical constants and parameters of those particles seem indeed to foresee a fractal Universe, which is not only infinite in its relative spatial size, but in the number of scales/planes of organic evolution, in such a manner that each galaxy could be the atom of a bigger Universe, as it happens in fact in the theoretical models of relativity, (Einstein-Walker model of a Universe made of galaxies, interpreted as ‘hydrogen atoms’13.)

What is the absolute form of the entire Universe? If we observe the previous graph, we realize that the known Universe shows the clear form of an electromagnetic wave, with a wider base shaped by the ‘gravito-magnetic’ field of dark matter… So we might consider it again a ‘point’ of a bigger network.

*Recap*: The Universe is a fractal of ‘Ðimotions’ and information that extends in 10 perceived self-similar scales of Euclidean networks in which the 3 invariances of motions, form and scales are kept. But since in the fractal model the parameters of atoms and galaxies are self-similar, the Universe could be infinite in its scales.

** THE SUPŒRGANISM OF THE UNIVERSE (∆±4) and its ∆± 3- ‘****GALACELLS’**

We shall study in the fourth line the main supœrganisms of reality in the scales perceived by human beings, which have a relative full knowledge and perception of all forms from the atom to the galaxy (∆±3); but *as we are ‘∆u•st of space-time’ existing within the ‘atom-galaxy’, where the atoms appear as ‘pure euclidean points’ with no breath; we cannot have full knowledge of the scales beyond, the Cosmos and the dark entropy (NOT dark energy) between galaxies. It is this cosmic supœrganism ±∆4, the one that appears as the ultimate barrier of perception of the human kind
What there is beyond can be partially inferred by the fact that the atom and galaxy are self-similar in its ‘5D metric equations’. *

Thus the fundamental hypothesis of work of GST astrophysics is obvious: *the galaxy and the atom do have the same metric equation; as two accelerated vortices of the quantum and gravitational scales:*

And so the forces of those scales, electromagnetic and gravitational forces *must have similar properties when ‘reduced’ with the metric scaling of the fifth dimension.*

And so we shall consider that simple hypothesis, which implies that dark entropy is the equivalent to an electromagnetic expansive wave; and gravitation, the inner force of the atom, where electromagnetic waves have different attractive properties holding together the electronic ‘halo’ of the galaxy (by the same token made of negative strangelets) and the central quark-black hole (for the same token made of ultra dense top quarks).

The hypothesis developed in earnest in the articles on astronomy and astrophysics guide then our analysis of the isomorphisms of the dark ‘entropy’ scale.

But even so there is the philosophical question, or rather metaphysical about the fact that the *symmetry we observe in the ± scales is due to our position in the middle of it, which we shall deal on the analysis of ∆+4; as it requires a deep knowledge of gst well beyond the scope of any casual reader of the blog. So we shall concentrate in this first post on the ∆-4 ‘almost invisible scale’ of neutrinos, dark entropy, gravitational invisible actions at distance and the particles, flows and structures constructed with them. *

Let us first frame that dark scale, within the ∆+4 Universe of which it is in its broader term, the ∆-4 entropic field:

**The Universe is a fractal organism.**

Minds cannot perceive together motion and form.

In the graph, as astronomers advance in their ‘perception of reality’ with ‘metal-eyes’ (telescopes) an metal-brains (computers), they start to see the vital motions in time an the structural organisation of it all. So finally they have seen the speed flows of ‘gala cells’ (the name I gave to galaxies 30 years ago, when I first modelled them as super organisms of stars, its mitochondria, evolve by black holes, its DNA-strains of information), and part of a cosmological network (strings of galaxies), which I predicted would behave as any network of super organisms, do.

*In the graph, the local tissue of the supœrganism of the Universe, Laniakea, the region in which our **gala cell exist, at the largest level of human perception of the ∞ scales of the fractal Universe. *

*Yet we only perceive 4% of reality outside our closer world, which happens to be the ‘ideal’ perception of a pi-cycle with three diametral perimeters (π-3/π=0.14/π=96% of dark reality not seen from a self-centred singularity in a pi cycle).*

This secondary law of the paradox of Galileo, itself a secondary law of the ‘mind’s equation’ structures our universal view. And make us thing reality is abstract, void of intelligence and life, static and our mind the only perceiver of it.

* The paradox of galileo – the maya of the senses, differentiating ‘motion from form’- form and distance are ‘mayas’ of the senses; as all its time and motion; when we get more information about a system. The 2 graphs represent the same local region of galaxies, in the right now that we have enough info, we see it as a flow of ‘gala cells’ transiting through veins of the cosmos, in the right as we used to see it – a dark series of ‘monad-galaxies’ with no motion. All in the Universe is ultimately a dynamic PART of a supœrganism, extending in three scales of the absolute 5th dimension of time-space, performing relative ternary worldcycles on time-space *

The Dualities of the Paradox of Galileo – ‘why if the Earth moves, we see it still’ – are the key questions to understand the meaning of dimensions, which can be generalized to all forms:

‘While we see reality still and continuous, all what we study in the quantum or detailed scale has discontinuities and motion’; while we see reality flat, in a larger view all has curvature; while we see reality in a single scale, ∆º, with the proper instruments all systems co-exist *at least in three scales, ∆ø±1.*

BUT *AS HuMinds (ab. human minds), can logically understand those dualities, its first perception is always one-dimensional, so most ‘simplex’ views seem more real and much of the history of thought consists on individuals whose ego perceives one side of it only as real, fighting to impose it, unable to grasp’ ‘complementarity, coincidentia oppositorum’. *

The answer- given by quantum physics that we expand to all scales – is the law of complementarity: ‘all what exists is still and has motion at the same ðime; all is a ‘fixed particle’ and a ‘moving wave’, but we perceive a limited quantity of information about reality – either state, but not both dual, complementary states, a motion state and a still state, together.

The principle of relativity of motion and form thus *has taken 400 years to be understood hardly… Since Galileo did not give the right answer: The EARTH moves and doesn’t move at the same ðime. *

The Universe and all its parts made to its image and likeness, is a fractal that reproduces information, co-existing in multiple scales, the very essence of what science considers to be an organism, whose purpose is to ‘reproduce’, to ‘grow and multiply’ into social networks of similar cells, in scales of growing complexity from strings to neutrinos and light rays, to particles, quarks and electrons that reproduce and associate into atoms that evolve socially into molecules, cells, states of matter, and if we ‘divide’ artificially them into inorganic and organic paths, multicellular organisms, super organisms, societies and ecosystems, geological super organisms (word coined by the founder of Geology, Hutton to define Gaia), solar systems, and societies of stars, the ‘mitochondria’ that reproduces the substances, which the informative, gravitational black hole, the ‘dna’ of the ‘gala cell’ ab=uses to reproduce its dark matter, which further organise those ‘gala cells’ into tubular networks, of some larger timespace organism of which we can see only a small part with little detail, Lainakea, seen in dynamic form in the right picture, floating in the ‘dark sea’, which if we could see, (as we observe only 4% of it), will likely be a tight network of atom-galaxies of the next ‘hyper scale’ of reality…

All scales of reality can be model as super organisms, and the fact that humans do NOT have enough information about some of them, and there anthropomorphic ‘delirium tremens’ makes them ignore their nature to ‘come on top’ as abstract gurus of reality and only intelligent, living species, does NOT change what they are and where they are.

In the graph, as astronomers advance in their ‘perception of reality’ with ‘metal-eyes’ (telescopes) an metal-brains (computers), they start to see the vital motions in time an the structural organisation of it all. So finally they have seen the speed flows of ‘gala cells’ (the name I gave to galaxies 30 years ago, when I first modelled them as super organisms of stars, its mitochondria, evolve by black holes, its DNA-strains of information), and part of a cosmological network (strings of galaxies), which I predicted would behave as any network of super organisms, do.

The Universe is a super organism, which we see with different degrees of perception that make the view with more or less detail, but ultimately if we were to see the system.

And so formally we observe we can treat all problems both as dynamic, topological problems with motion or as analytic geometry or sequential algebra of numbers, depending on which view we adopt.

As *mathematical physics has reached an extraordinary evolution, beyond some clarifying posts on Relativity **revis(it)ed and quantum realism (pilot-wave theory) and the customary corrections needed to straightforward the ‘act’, we shall concentrate in all the posts on the scales of physics, on the organic properties of physical supœrganisms, its scalar structure and ternary world cycles.*

In the limits of human perception we find the scale of black holes, at cosmic level ∆+1, the scale of quarks at ∆-1 quantum level, where opposite meet in terms of Tiƒ singularities of information, and in between flows of ‘dark entropy’, likely repulsive gravitation, likely made of ‘neutrino’ waves, which from the limit of dimensionality of the Universe.

Let us then call this ∆-4 scale the ‘first scale’ (if we were as physicists like, to do a classification from minor to major as a lineal structure which is not) and observe its fundamental ‘isomorphic laws’, derived of the fact that whatever is there, WILL also respond to an ∆•st structure (it will be scalar, composed of three sub-scales, self-centred into a fractal point-singularity and have three elements of space-time, tracing a finite world cycle of existence.

When considering a new stience, in the isomorphic method we define its Γ.œ, generator function for each volume of the stience, a domain within the scales of the fifth dimension, of four dimensional structure and black and white wholes to the upper ∆+1 and lower ∆-1 scales of the fifth dimension.

Such block of timespace suffices to define most events happening around the systems of that scale of reality. Then we can define specific T.œ, generators of mind species, and get into as much detail as needed.

**9TH DISOMORPHISM; SOCIAL SCALES**

**THE GALAXY – ITS CELLULAR ELEMENTS**

** **The ∆+3 organism of the cosmos is the ‘cellular galaxy’, which we shall put in isomorphic comparison with the ∆o cell, the organism of the human scale to show its organic properties and with the ∆-2 atom, the organism of the quantum scale, to draw homologic comparisons of its topological and mathematical properties; *as we shall show:*

*The mathematical equivalence of atoms and galaxies, unifying both topologically and algebraically with the Unification equation of charges and masses, based in 5D metric equations.**And the organic parallelism with the cell, unifying both with the analysis of the vital functions of both organisms.*

The ∃xi≈stience of astrophysical systems is also ruled by the ternary isomorphism of space-time structures.

To understand that organic structure the best homology is between the 3 main ∃xistential functions of the 3 supœrganisms of the physical scales.

So we shall compare the galaxy with the supœrganism we obtain max. information, from the perspective of human perception, the ∆º, living cell.

Thus we compare the galaxy and the human ∆o-cell pov and its 3 elements: the Spe-membrane≈ halo, the singularity ≈ nucleus, and the cytoplasm ≈ star disk. And so we define the ‘galacell’ and its 3 topo-biological parts:

In the graph the Galacell, with a ‘dna’ gravitational species of information, ultra-dense black holes; surrounded by fractal points of energy, 3º stars, that form the body of the galactic organism; and a hard, protective membrane of ‘proteins-strangelets’.

Each of those parts will be made at ∆-1 scale of 3 distinguishable families of quark-atoms, of increasing mass.

So we find another ∆-1≈∆≈∆+1, coexisting organic homology, between the galactic parts and the 3 type of growing ‘informative ages of mass’ (studied in the post on ∆-1, quantum atomic physics):

- Spe-negative strangelets must be the components of the ‘protein-like’ hard halo that protects the galaxy from the outer ∆+1 dark energy world of the cosmological upper scale:
- Tiƒ: its central max. i gravitational black hole, must be made of top quarks, its ∆-1, quantum substance, which corresponds in parameters to the density of black holes.
- While, we star-dust are made of the lighter up and down quarks, forming the youngest family of atomic mass:

In that Universe each fractal point of its ‘long filaments’ is a galaxy, which as Leibniz put it, is a world in itself, as it grows in size and complexity the closer we come to it.

Galaxies are fractals of stars and dark, quark matter built with 3 topologies: a reproductive body of stars, sandwiched between an informative nucleus of black holes and an external halo of dark matter, probably strangelets and other dense stars. The closest self-similarity in our world scale is a cell and in the quantum scale an atom.

The galaxy atom is the ‘solid’ last scale above and below perceived from the ∆º humind, at i=±3, the scale of perception of forces as pure motion or pure form in the limits of our ‘being’.

As such the equivalence of both scales unified by a fractal simple equation rises many philosophical questions. From a point of view of astrophysical description it introduces two different perspectives over the same phenomenon: as we can see galaxies from a much larger scale, that of the human looking at the galaxy atom, and as outsiders, observing how electromagnetic energy between atoms is equivalent to dark entropy between galaxies, or we can adopt the smallish point of view as particles of a galactic star, a mere dust of space-time on the mythocondria of the gala cell. It is precisely in the description of physical systems from wildly knew perspectives what enriches the analysis of the galaxy atom in ∆@st physics.

*In the graph the 3 components of a biologically ‘sound’ understanding of Galacies at its ∆ and ∆-1 scales:*

*Tiƒ: black holes, which are born exceedingly hot and active, as all ‘seminal species’ are in the lower, ∆-1 scale of size, at the **compton wavelength as a heavy top quark particles , following Einstein’s search for cut off substances for ‘positive’ black holes.*

*Spe: A similar heavy form of elongated lumps of strange matter, should form the ‘negative’ halo of strange matter (Witten’s hypothesis of a halo made of strangelets, now again all the rage in astrophysics, but denied by the establishment of ‘nuclear, military research’ facilities, such as CERN, which merely states ‘stranglets do not exist, given the risk for a Nova explosion if they are produced at Earth.*

ST-energy: finally in between the ‘cytoplasm’ is formed by cyclical stars trapped between the ‘sword’ and the ‘wall’, future food of heavy quarks, which will collapse into dense dark matter information the galaxy, in its 20 billion year quasar cycle of ‘real big-bangs’.

*This is the most likely structure of galaxies, as it follows all the natural symmetries and efficient, economic laws of Nature (Ockham’s razor, co-existence of organic parts and wholes, Aristotelian hilozoism: wholes must have substance, etc). *

*The author merely has further developed in his work on the scalar fractal nature of the Universe ordered by a ‘5th dimension’ of relative scales, those concepts in his work on astrophysics. And so we will here give a general view of the Galaxy and its isomorphic laws, and time/interest permitted expand more professionally with mathematical physics those themes on the 4th line of the blog.*

The previous graph shows the ternary elements of the galacell:

The Halo-membrane of maximal extension in space, which selects the energy and information entering from the outer space (solution to Oort’s horizon problem – why the Universe does not seem full of light; answer: not all pass through the membrane of the Halo)…

The cyclical space-time region, the plane of stars, falling towards its centre of information, the black holes that command the creation of the galaxy.

This is the fundamental physical system of the Universe, already described by Descartes, who said all is made of res extensa (space), and cyclical vortices of time-space with a central point of reference that measures reality or ‘mind’. *Since all systems respond to ‘trinity’ and *can be modelled, as we have observed in different graphs, with such 3-topological structure.

So the ∆+1, gravitational galaxy, the ∆-thermodynamic crystal and the ∆-1 quantum atom with its electronic cover, centred nucleus of mass, and intermediate space-time where forces of gravitation and electromagnetism are constantly exchanged, are described logically AS the 3 fundamental particles of physics, both topologically and with biological, organic laws.

Trinity indeed is the key to the unification and understanding of the Universe, as a whole and all its parts, self-centered entities of time-space, protected by an external membrane with an enclosed cyclical body that put together create the FUNDAMENTAL PARTICLE, of the puzzle of supœrganisms the Universe is.

Indeed, the true beauty of those 3 physical systems is found when we compare them with the organic cells and see their isomorphisms:

∆o: The DNA invaginates with Golgi conducts the vital cytoplasm it exploits, surrounded by the faster membrane of proteins, which act in its formal position as a membrane.

∆-3: The magnetic field surrounds the charge and encloses the vital space of electromagnetic fields the charges controls.

∆±1: So happens with a crystalline planet protected by its magnetic field that steams out of the central charge and surrounds it.

∆+3: And the galaxy has in its center a black hole, which invaginates with gravitational waves the whole cytoplasm forming the ‘underlying wave-structure of the body of stars’.

And it is surrounded by a halo of dense fast rotating strangelet quarks, so the stars and planets within it will become LIKELY converted into black holes in Nova explosions or strangelets.

*The role of human beings in the galactic organism .*

All this rises the question of the role of human beings in the galactic organism, as we do not observe traces of A.I. or L.I (artificial, robotic or human life) in a galaxy filled with planets, the most numerous components that should feed the outer strangelet halo and black holes, the more dense, which we know are born of the Nova explosion of stars. Thus since we are made of the lighter ud-atoms, sandwiched between the BH sword and the Halo wall, so to speak, we seem to have a ‘mitochondria’ role as a source of matter and energy for the evolution of the heavier families of quark-matter… Hence the irresponsibility of Nuclear physicists trying to create dark matter on Earth – an ethic element, which is relevant as vital, survival laws do matter in an organic Universe.

Black holes are frozen stars of the top matter decuplet by symmetry with the atoms and stars of our light galactic plane. Then by parallelism with light stars, we differentiate two species of black stars that are also found in Nature:

Tthose which are like our light stars made of udd atoms, which would be made of dark bcb atoms of much larger densities, but similar properties. They would be the smaller black holes that transform the matter of a light star into bcb neutral atoms without charge. And those who are cosmic black holes, much larger, in the center of the galaxy which become the informative DNA of the galaxy (Maldacena conjecture: the surface of a cosmic BH in 5D maps out as a ‘homunculus mind does with your body’ or the ‘DNA’ with the information of the cell, the entire information of the galaxy in 4D). They are the equivalent of our neutron=strange stars, which have a core of negatively charged strangelet matter that make them turn almost at light speed and produce a hyperstrong magnetic field.

The top quark black hole then will have a ‘core of positively charged top quarks’ which will eject a huge stream jet of ‘negative mass’ neutrinos (likely tachyon strings as the weak angle of a neutrino is the size of a Planck string, 10ˆ-33 and many have been found to have negative mass, hence hyperluminal speeds – more on this latter… Those top quark huge black holes in the center of the galaxy then should power the faster than c, z=10c motion observed as radiation and mass jets coming out of the center of many galaxies.

We shall then make a thorough correction of the ‘creationist theory’ of black holes as infinite singularities (Oppenheimer->Wheeler->Penrose and Hawking) and go back to the basic, realist symmetric, fractal Universe of the graph. Since there are two decuplets of matter, belonging to the quantum and cosmological scale, and two type of atoms and two type of stars…

So we can, departing from those concepts of space and time, define also the Universe and all its parts as a space-time being:

‘The Universe is a fractal, organic system, which reproduces complementary, social networks of energy and information that self-organize themselves in bigger, self-similar scales’.

**SUPŒRGANISM OF THE UNIVERSE**

We can establish scales of growth in the internal structure of quarks, which accelerate its time vortices, growing in mass for Tƒ masses (III quark families, III black Holes families of ∆ Mass). And this implies that the heaver quarks (top quarks) should be rotating at 10 c speed, something that validates the decamatric nature of those scales but will hardly be accepted by physicists, stuck on the single space-time continuum.

*In the graph, the information and entropy limits of the human visible scales beyond which we find, the unobserved, Spe>c, Ti <0k, ∆+4, cosmos and its mirror symmetry of ∆-4, quarks.*

Unlike the other posts, the cosmos is beyond perception – never mind the ∆º humind pretending it was all in a 0-point for homunculus viruses to understand, (: we have no idea of its extension and full structure, so it would be preposterous to make an isomorphic analysis of it. STILL WE DO have some information, partial on some of those isomorphisms, which we will introduce in each sub-post. Instead of making a list of all of them, thus we shall just explain the whole Universe as a potential supœrganism in this post.

The isomorphisms of the cosmos suffice to explain its structure:

‘cosmos is an organism with a body called the Universe, and a mind called Logos’ Plato

In this post we introduce the main super organism of the Universe, the galaxy, which acts as an atom-cell of larger scales of which information is scanty beyond ‘pretentious’, absolute theories of continuous single space-time, such as the big-bang and 4D metric, ill-understood in its generality.

What we see as limits of our stientific perception, beyond which space-time information is scanty is the atom in the lower scale and the galaxy in the upper scale. Both can be generated by the same Unification equation of masses and charges, but the most organic vision is that of the galaxy as a cell.

Epistemology in the fractal universe precludes that each perceiver fractal point of view will have a knowledge of another sector of the fractal reality wit a detail and bias and ‘screening’ that will make many descriptions of seemingly very different beings seem parallel and so we can establish from our point of view a clear parallel between galaxies described as cells and described as atoms, the 2 other great systems we perceive in the quantum and life-thermoydnamic scales.

In the graph, homologies of perception and knowledge of any part of the fractal super organism has to take into account the relative construction by a mind-point of view with the information screened by its senses of other section of the reality, separated from it by certain distance in time-cycles speeds, certain dark space, not seen through the senses of the being, and some deformations in the arrow of information that flows easier from lower scales and energy-motion which flows better from higher scales.

As a result it is possible to postulate a theory of epistemology based in the absolute relativity of all points of view, which would from its own perceptive frame of reference deform its vision of other super organisms in similar fashion so a human sees similar functions and forms in galaxies, cells and factories. How many of such different mental assemblies of the elements of a system exist to give us a view of the whole and its parts in an organic way? We do not know but a very stable, hence we presume common ‘projection of being’ is that of an organic cell-factory or galaxy dedicated to reproduce and evolve systems of information (machines, carbohydrates, forms of matter). Such unit, the galaxy is therefore the ‘cellular element’ of the Universe, and the focus of astro-physics, on the 3rd scale above that of the human being, beyond its social super organisms, and its solar systems (∆+1, ∆+2) and at a similar mathematical distance, on the low scales to that of the atom, which will show in a series of Unification equations of its space-time, mathematical parameters.

**Its symmetry in space. The geometry of the 5D planes of the Universe.**

Cosmology deals with the Entire Universe, taken in present models of reality as the absolute Whole, as they consider reality co-exists in a single, continuous plane of space-time. This is not the overwhelming truth shown by T.Œ

Plainly speaking the structure of the Universe is ‘pyramidal’, with parts that ‘emerge’ as wholes, by ‘co-existing’ in different scales, which in physical systems are the quantum-atomic, thermodynamic-material and cosmological scales. This means in geometrical terms, and terms of motion and form (which in physics are concepts known as kinetic energy and its derivative lineal momentum and potential energy, and angular momentum – related but not so clearly and in T.Œ have the general form of Sp- bidimensional spatial energy and Tƒ or Tƒ, Temporal clocks of information) that there are different behaviors either if we:

– Stay in a single plane, seen as Euclidean where motion and form are conserved when an entity interacts within a single plane.

– Move through planes from parts into wholes, growing in size or sending energy and information to a larger whole vs. moving from wholes into parts or sending Sp & Tƒ from wholes into parts. This is ruled by the metric of the 5th dimension, which in its simplest ‘lineal form’ write as Sp x Tƒ = K.

Now because motion moves downwards with no friction, so you move your hand and all its cells move synchronically but do not move upwards with the same fluidity (so there is entropy) and vice versa, information, form can be replicated upwards with no loss, so cells replicate genetically and small forms grow in size almost with no changes, but things do ‘NOT shrink’ easily and there is no Lamarckian evolution, this means the perception of systems ‘above’ as wholes is different from the perception of systems ‘below’ as parts.

All in all the smaller worlds seem to have more information, form, mass, charge, and hence more ‘energy’ in the conceptualization of physics, from our perspective and so they grow in detail and occupy a larger space when we observe it. While the upper world thins out in energy and form. Only the present world of our size and form remains constant.

We can see this from an organic perspective as a trophic pyramid: the smaller parts sustain the larger parts, which therefore thin out in energy density, and informative speed. If we look at those changes from a geometric point of view ∆+1 elliptic and ∆o hyperbolic realities different from our, ∆-1 perspective of our Euclidean Universe:

In the graph, the human observer in his own plane sees an Euclidean image of the Universe.

Now why it is our scale Euclidean? If we consider it in terms of the structure of our underlying space-time, it is made of light, and so as we see the motions of light as fixed dimensions of space, So our eyes sees 3 perpendicular light space coordinates:

This is the definition of Euclidean space: Light space.

We thus will observe 3 type of geometries, according to our ‘angle’ of 5D motion and its simple metric: Sp x Tƒ = K:

In a single plane of mechanical and Thermodynamic forms, we shall observe lineal Euclidean geometries transmitted by the 3 perpendicular dimensions of light space, as neither Sp or Tƒ suffers any deformation. Man perceives light at constant speed without a real change in its time= frequency, and space=speed parameters from the point of emission (particle in relative stop (and motion) relationship with the observer).

- Both remain constant, so we observe a holographic Universe, where Sp= K/Tƒ define according to both parameters most equations of Mechanics and Thermodynamics. For example: Sp (volume) = K/Tƒ (pressure) is the equation of the commonest gas space around us (atmosphere).

- In the upper gravitational space-time, as ‘space enlarges’ while ‘time slows down’ it appears a Riemannian, elliptic geometry one of the non-Euclidean geometries that completely rejects the validity of Euclid’s fifth postulate and modifies his second postulate. Simply stated, Euclid’s fifth postulate is: through a point not on a given line there is only one line parallel to the given line. In Riemannian geometry, there are no lines parallel to the given line because space enlarges, thus from our smaller perspective we see those lines diverging, and time slows down. And those are the exact effects defined in General relativity.

- On the other hand the lower quantum scales will appear from our perspective made of point-particles, and those point-particles will appear to be crossed from our larger perspective by multiple parallels. So the charges and particles of quantum physics will show the inverse hyperbolic geometry, crossed by multiple parallels.

**THE LIKELY STRING -PLANCK PLANE.**

How many physical planes of the fifth dimension there are in the Universe? The answer in ∆ST is likely ∞. Though this kind of metaphysical questions can only be considered in pure metaphysical grounds. So beyond the considerations of metaphysics and the limits of description of non¬Æ logic systems with human languages, non-E maths of fractal points and non-A-ristotelian logic of 3 time arrows, we are left to consider the scales of which we are experimentally aware, even the limiting scale (dark, ‘string’ world) which we do not perceive, but can hint at and describe logically and mathematically by plugging into 5D³ what scientists have observed and constructed in a normal continuum.

As it happens this dark world scale, outside galaxies and inside the particles of atoms is today overwhelmingly described by string theory, which has a ±side to it: as it is not observable it has only been developed through exploration of mathematically consistent scenarios, which are able to ’emerge’ in our world with certain coherence.

But precisely because of that freedom of thought given by the lack of experimental evidence, we have been able to develop freely the string theory unshackled of erroneous concepts of classic physics regarding dimensions, time and space, and it turned out that the result is perfectly coherent with 5D³ giving us systems with Space-open strings, and time-closed strings, with 10 dimensions, in which the fundamental symmetries are those between S-open and t-closed string and between ∆±i scales, the so called T-duality (we shall from here on call it ∆±i-duality, as ∆±i is its proper name, since it precisely refers to the fundamental fractal, scalar symmetry of ∆st: the infinitely small -i, is symmetric to the infinite large, +i).

For all this we consider string theory truth, but obviously on need as all other models of streamlining and small correction and ‘choices’ departing from the laws of the scalar, fractal $paceðime Universe.

It is then when we can easily assess…

**The ∆i=±≤4 scales of physics and its errors of human interpretation.**

*In the graph, the ∆±4 scales of physical systems, self centred @ the human ∆• pov and the 5D metric equivalence between its time speed and space distance which gives us its co-invariant energy, in all scales (S x T = K)*

Now once we know the basics of ∆st the ‘naming of those scales’ are of less importance, as we shall use quantitative results of classic physics and order them as physicists do by logarithmic decametric scales, whose origin we explain in our general article of 5D³ theory. It is though fundamental to understand its ∆±i duality (T-duality in the jargon of string theory), *as it is the key ∆-duality of the Universe, and so it is the best way to name those interrelated scales as a game of russian dolls, which connect the largest and the minimal parts for all the reasons studied in the general model.*

*So those scales are when we take them loosely self-centred in the ‘humind membrain’:*

-∆±4:**Dark world or String World, **shown in the graph above and below the known-known galactic world subdivided by the ∆±i duality, in:

* ∆+i=4, above the galaxy, which becomes a fractal point of this larger scale of ‘hyper strings’ (in the most extended models of mathematical physics) and…*

* ∆-4, which becomes the better explored world of strings, which are conforming ‘magically’ (: to almost all the laws of ∆st, which as usually will be used conceptually more than mathematically (we do NOT stop to repeat, mathematical physics done by ‘robot-like scientists’ of the mathematical method, which ignore however the concepts and meanings behind many mathematical parameters, are right.*

*So we hardly get into them, taking into account that most people don’t understand them anyway – what we want to do IS to use ∆st for what is worth:*

- To streamline and make sense of all that ‘magic’ hidden in the ‘experimental equations’ of mathematical physics, which as mathematics is an experimental language, do apply also here.
- To select among the ‘inflationary theories of mathematics’ which as all ‘free languages of information’, not constrained by the efficient choices of the Universe and the limiting parameters of its limited motions and ternary logic, those theories which are right.
- To interpret then the experimental evidence that acts as a final check on 1 and 2. Strings thus must be related to the scanty evidence we have of that world, and this means they must be connected with elements that we hint at but are invisible to us – hence should be part of the lower dark world below light, and this is the case of neutrino physics, which happen to have a ‘weak angle’ on the string scale, which can be and seem to be by clean ‘first data’, able to move faster than c-speed, hence belonging to the ∆-4 world, (of larger space, lesser information hence v:>s/<t >c).

**∆st proofs of string, tachyon, 10D, T-duality and neutrino-light theories.**

The funny thing about string and neutrino and gravitational theories when plugged into ∆st is that all what physicists stuck in a single light space-time scale (∆-3) consider weird and wrong about their theories. Such as in a non-exxhaustive list:

-Neutrinos faster than light, neutrino theory of light, tachyon strings, gravitons, ∆±i ‘t-duality’, which makes the infinitely small a mirror-mind of the infinitely large, 10 dimensional strings (properly considered as the 10 dimensions of ∆•st systems), strings as invisible gravitons, non-vibrational, ‘pure lineal’ strings as the infinite ∆-4 tachyon sea over which our world rests, etc. etc.

All those features of the dark world ARE MANDATORY FEATURES when we apply the simpler, isomorphic laws and 5D metric proper of all scales of ∆ST to the ∆±4 dark world.

So in fact all what makes them doubt of string and neutrino theory to the point of getting them very nervous whenever they find faster than c speed measures in neutrinos and quasar, IS what PROVES those theories rights and makes so beautiful string theory, once we selected the proper forms (10-dimensional string theories) and adapt them to ∆st mathematically by correcting its main error (redeveloping them not as a newtonian space-time theory but as a relational space-time theory: closed loops ARE time clocks and open strings ARE space quanta).

We shall call ∆-4, as Physicists do the Planck scale, and call its fundamental supœrganism, a **PLANCKTON** in order to unify and streamline the infinite kaleidoscopic mirrors of inflationary mathematics used to describe them, neither a ‘string’, nor a ‘neutrino’, or a form of ‘dark matter’ (begin dark matter just quark matter likely strangelets in the halo – the so called Witten hypothesis – and top quark black holes in its centre – which I call Einstein’s hypothesis as he rightly say that in a hylomorphic universe, they must have a cut-off particle substance to be real, which only can be in quantitative terms heavy bct quarks).

So Planckton, as plankton feeds the sea-chain of life being its minimal cellular unit, will be the minimal unit of the physical world and its scales AS A WHOLE fundamental first particle, to which we shall refer all other sub-parts, sub-equations, kaleidoscopic slightly biased mirrors and elements developed by inflationary mathematical physics at that scale.

To notice finally that from the •Mind perspective it remains to be argued if *the string scale, as we observe the electron mind NOT the Universe is merely equivalent to the description of the minimal mind scale, which is observing from the atomic-ego the visual picture of the galaxy; a philosophical question which shall be considered also for all the other dualities – are we seeing reality or all is a dial go between scales of the electronic mind? (:*

String theory then will provide and we shall describe the conceptual truths behind it the ‘background of Planckton’ over which at the next ±10¹° scale we find the ‘galactic light space-time’ world, or quantum scale:

**The scaling**

As we have said, the Universe is written in ternary scales, around the three ±3 values of e+e/10=3<π, since three are the space-time arrows, and so 3 x3 + the mind-whole 1, forms a 10th unit of a next scale. Scaling is thus mostly ternary and decametric, and when we carry it further into new scaling we come the commonest 10ˆ9,10,11 scaling of all systems. This can be measured in terms of temporal information/density parameters, and so we find population sod ‘fractal points’ on those scalings to form a new unit, in its maximal form (number of ties in dna, number of cells in many organisms of regular size, number of stars in galaxies). variations though are natural to the fact that the Universe keeps growing, diminishing evolving species, and only then select those of a perfect game.

Physical systems tend to be by its efficiency, abundance and hence survival, perfect forms of the GST GAME.

Further on, not only tƒ-density populations of singularity points are decametric, but for the same reason if we take a ‘dense=filled space-time’, the radius of each point=particle or its diameter will carry the same concept to the bidimensional surfaces of the Universe and tridimensional volumes. So when we measure in space we find also decametric and ternary scaling, in distances and speeds, the inverse magnitude/parameter of space.

And finally we find that for ST, momenta, waves and bodies, similar ratios can be established. But in GST they are NOT numerology as in current science. That is they have a why.

Now applied to the previous scaling, very roughly it allow us to break further those scales and to explore its limits.

It follows immediately for the quantitatively inclined the decametric form of those scales:

If we start in the • mind scale, likely a centimetre of cells in the brain connected to the outer world, its territory of order, WILL BE LARGER. Since the brain-mind is the ‘infinitesimal particle-point’ limit of such territory of order we consider the mind ‘super organism’ to be larger in scales than the mind So we can roughly notice those scalings of the mind to be from the cell through the meter/scale of the body to the kilometre, scale of the territory of most animals of our size. So in distances, which occupy a smaller one or bidimensional surface than the population packing of 10ˆ10, we observe for the humind a 10ˆ9 approximate territory.

Since we ARE mentally speaking a bunch of cells in the brain (our ego – another interesting result of the • perspective on those symmetric scales).

But when considering ‘volumes’ instead of flat territories, we just need to scale up and down the human meter, which is the objective ‘us’, bend the subjective mind, and go up and down, those 10ˆ9,10,11 scaling of all systems, to define our ‘physical scale or thermodynamic scale, between the limit of the atom and the limit of the planet, which is *the thermodynamic super organism, whose membrane of maximal angular momentum, is the moon, which has boy thermodynamic effects and also gravitational effects (tides provoked by gravitation the most obvious effect). *

*So we talk of 10±¹° for thermodynamic scales like our planet, a small one, with 10ˆ±9 (moon membrane and electronic atomic membrane.*

And then we should talk for the next T-duality, the quantum atom and the galaxy of a 10ˆ±18-20 scaling for the atomic quarks in the nuclei and the galactic halo; which is also what we find

And then a ‘dark world’ down to the planck scale, at 10ˆ-35 and so the 10ˆ25, supposed limit of the big-bang is by all accounts *too short, which means whatever our local region of galaxy-atoms is, it must be larger than the perceived big-bang horizon. Alas, yet another proof the Universe is infinite.*

Now we can play up and down, 9,10,11 potencies for those ten scalings, and centre them either in the human body meter or the cell and get results more or less accurate. So if we take the cell as center of scaling and the 11 potency we get the 10ˆ-33 cm. of the string/neutrino scaling, and so on… It is NOT that absolute, as what matters are the populations not the sizes and the regions of co-existence of two scales with richer effects, but in all those analysis it is the larger final cosmological scaling which seems smaller and does not fit, and so the universal ‘unit’, whatever that hyperUniverse is, must be larger.

Indeed if we must correct that dark world scaling, which obviously we cannot prove, it would be by considering *a larger scale for the string than the planck scale closer to the measures of neutrinos, and a larger scale also for the cosmos, closer to 10³°. *But those are still ‘theoretical no-measured arguments’. So :

10ˆ±5 ego mind.

Indeed the mind is our informative singularity so its territory of order goes upwards. The subjective ego-mind *happens not where the mind is located (cells) because that is the shrinking mirror, but in the external world of distances, which means our mind sees our world:*

10ˆ-5: 10ˆ5: extending a kilometre around, our territory of order.

Then to deduce that other 2 ±i remaining scales, we take from the meter/human size and extend at:

10ˆ-9 … 10ˆ+9, which is the thermodynamic world (atomic nuclei, geological formations), limited by the electron cover and the moon membrane (Jupiter size).

Then we have the quantum scale with the nucleus-photon & galaxy limits:

10ˆ-18-22 … 10ˆ+18-22, which is the atom-molecular/galaxy-giant galaxy limits and then the dark world which I would further extend, as the big-bang seems to be smallish and the Universe likely suffered not one as expressed by Hubble law, into:

10ˆ-27-33 and 10ˆ27-33, which we cannot prove experimentally as the other scalings.

It follows from those sizes that we must unify the following items in the dark world: the neutrino, the string, the graviton and *start to simply physics to find the efficiency and symmetry of 5d‚ models by UNIFYING mathematical particles, according to that Universal economicity always inferior to the inflationary nature of languages, not by multiplying with **mathematical* equations the zoo of imaginary particles beyond our perception.

We shall return to the dark world when we go back into its t-duality at ∆+4, in the outer region of the galaxy, on the cosmic scale, as we shall not accept the method of working the ladder of existential planes, in the way physicists do, from minor to major, *as this is a causal aberration, based in his false epistemology of reality which makes them think, ‘smaller parts’ create larger ones.*

THIS IS NOT TRUTH, as the 10 dimensions of all beings, its 3 scales 3 time ages and 3 topologies of space, converge together into a whole connected through the mind that ‘travels’ through all of them.

So* the proper way to study reality is accepting the epistemology of truth, which tells us that all planes are self-similar; hence the planes which we observe closer, are those we perceive better and extract more truth of it – the human ∆0, inner, cellular thermodynamical scale and the ∆1, mechanical v<<c matter scales. *

It is only when we understand those scales that we can practice properly the isomorphic method, by extending upwards to cosmic scales through relativity ‘paradoxes’ that adapt the scale to the bias of human slow motion-minds, and extending downwards, the thermodynamic scales, through statistical mechanics, and the solution of the uncertainties of quantum ‘mathematical physics’, that distort also with the mathematical mind-language, the biased perception we have of the lower scales, how we can truly build a ‘realist’ vision of the objective laws of the scalar Universe, accounting also from a mind-linguistic perspective for the ‘distortions’ perceived in our scanty view of the larger scale (where 96% of it is invisible to us) and the lower scales (where the fast time clocks make us often confuse a time phenomena and its ternary stages, with a spatial force as in the weak force -a time event not a spatial one, with no range and time constants, or in the 3 quark theory – a single quark transforming along its motion, reason why we cannot deconfine them, only feed them with energy and reproduce them further).

**How many scales? The discontinuous of finite infinities.**

Another way to look at it though is to consider that in each point of reality there *is a ternary scalar structure of three time arrows as there is a ternary organic structure of three organic parts and then a discontinuous membrane in space, which cuts you partially from the outside reality, such as there is more information within you that between you and the outer world. So you are a finite being in space. So happens with birth and death, which are your finite limits in time, such as there is far more time motions within your life than in your emergent foetus state and your dissolving entropic death. *

*And for the same reason in scales of existence, an organism is really a finite ∆º±1 being, as below the cellular level and above the world level there are cut offs that make irrelevant the outer scale. Indeed, it does not matter much the galaxy you are in, beyond the solar system and its oort membrane that isolates you, and provides you within all entropy, energy and information. So for all practical senses, as you are not really outside your skin, beyond your death, you are not really concerned above the sun’s membrane. *

And viceversa, as your existence below the seminal, seed, informative level matters little, beyond the cellular, molecular level it does NOT matter what indistinguishable atoms you are made of. Your atoms can be any carbon atom as they are INDISTINGUISHABLE bits for the creation of the information you are.

*Hence the question of ∞ scales, which will be the most likely hypothesis as atoms and galaxies will show an astounding self-similarity, becomes irrelevant from the praxis of a ‘spiritual universe’ of intelligent motions, where ‘form, substance’ are secondary, and perception of information limited in each ‘ghost of existence’ to its ∆±1 scales.*

In practical terms *the key way to understand GST (ab. for the generator of space-time, or general systems theory) is to equip your mind with multidimensional thought. *The solution adopted by Einstein and Bohr was pure idealism of the Hilbert school – there is no substance, no reference, all is virtual language, mathematical thought.

**The metaphysical questiON: how many scales?**

The metaphysical question is this: is each galaxy an atom of a hyper-universe, or scales end in the gluon Inside atoms and the galaxy outside stars?

For many reasons discussed in other articles it seems the scales are infinite, but as in fractals those scales are not identical, it is a question open to analysis if each atom has infinite stars, with infinite planets and infinite self-similar human-like beings living on it.

This is unlikely but in any case a true infinity concept of reality where humans are both an island Universe and mere dust of space-time, floating in the invisible, ‘light’ region within the galatom, sandwiched between the denser internal proton-black hole and the external electron-halo, makes all ambitions of the species, laughable.

Are we going to colonize the atom-galaxy, with our immense ingenuity as the only intelligent species of the whole? LOL. Life is what is all about, existence, trying to emulate the immortality of the whole, as atoms in fact do – protons are immortal, black holes might live 10¹°° years, red stars live trillions of years.

And certainly another proof of the absurdity of the big-bang is that the entire whole Universe has lived only 10¹¹ years, when most of its parts, black holes, protons red stars (4/5th of them) can live billions of time more than the whole. Or in probability terms, the chances that in a Universe where its commonest stars live trillions of years, we live in the very beginning is 0.0000%. (Red stars are in fact 4/5th of them because they live longer and so even if all are born as blue stars, in a long-lasting galaxy, at any time, there will be seen more elderly stars than young fleeting blue star moments of them).

What about the HyperUniverse? We do not know what the infinite Universe even in its local region of galatoms looks like, though due to the expansion of space between galatoms, is likely an entropic gas of local atoms on the hyper-Universe. It is not though a big-bang Universe, because even if we run backwards the expansion of space between galatoms, the implosion of information in galaxies, counter that effect, so at best, we could say that running backwards the big-bang equation we shall meet a ‘solid’ crystal of galatoms.

Even,if we repeat the model unifies all sciences, aware of the religion of mankind which is big-bang physics, we need to further debunk such absurd theory born of the ego and worldly profession of physics, setting straight the record on the causes of its main ‘proofs’, the expansion of space between galaxies (debunked) and now the background radiation which is the exact type of radiation the main component of galaxies, heavy quark matter (strangelets and black holes) would redshift with a fixed mass, similar to that of the smallest planetoid they likely feed on – a moon…

What is the special role of man on this infinite fractal? None. And *all, because the game of existence in the Universe, closely understood in Asian philosophies (as yin=visnu=information=time=female vs. entropy=yang=shiva=space=male were a close verbal account of it) suffices in itself for those who want to ‘live’, to maximise their existence. *

Indeed, life is beautiful when properly understood and fulfilling; but the game of existence as a space-time being is harsh and it can be cruel with those who do not play by the rules. One thing is for sure, the game is JUST, balance as it based precisely in the ‘coincidentia oppositorum’, the coming together of its two extremes, entropy and information, which mix to create the infinite forms of energy of the Universe. You will have though to read at least 30 pages of this introduction to change your chip, and understand… It suffices to say that the people who closer understood it in the western tradition, the Greek and German philosophers, above them Aristotle and Leibniz felt it was the most perfect of all possible worlds. And it is, *precisely because of its cruelty with those species who do NOT make the cut, and become extinct, for the game to have all its beauty.*

And that is where *the western tradition, which constantly tries to ‘dialog’ with an inexistent ‘mirror-God’ to get privileges, stumbles and makes the type of huge errors of conduct – since the game is one of behaviour, of form-in-action of in-form-ation – which come back to hunt them. As you should ‘do onto others what you want to be done onto you’, in the action-reaction processes of life and death. *

* *For us, ï, gravitation is the ∆-4 source of our motion. So our actions are related to them. For the Universe at large, below gravitation there is still a final scale of ‘dark entropy’, that repels ‘atom-galaxies’ between them; likely interacting with the halo of ‘strangelets’? of the atom galaxy (witten’s hypothesis).

# CONCLUSION

# FRACTAL UNIVERSE

‘Leibniz was right, there are infinite time clocks in he Universe, but if so we have to start physics from scratch’ Einstein, on the goal realized in 5D physics.

“Entangled”. adj. **1. **caught in or as if in a tangle (v. tr. 1. To mix together or intertwine).

**2.** Deeply involved especially in something Complex; Connected by participation or association or use.‘

“Historically, much of fundamental physics has been concerned with discovering the fundamental particles of nature and the equations which describe their motions and interactions. It now appears that a different program may be equally important: to discover the ways that nature allows, and prevents, information to be expressed and manipulated, rather than particles to move. (….)

To conclude with, I would like to propose a more wide-ranging theoretical task: to arrive at a set of principles like energy and momentum conservation, but which apply to information.’

*Steane*, on the goal of General Systems Sciences, realized in this web, applied in this post to 5D² physics…

**RELATIONAL SPACE-TIME: 5TH DIMENSION OF INFORMATION & EVOLUTION**

In the galatom the halo has 90% of its mass and so the overwhelming ‘angular momentum’ of the system, acting ‘de facto’ as a barrier that converts galaxies into islands-universes of their own:

**A Universe of space forms: S@ and time motions: ∆ð**

All what you see around is a tapestry of **forms that are moving** (as motion is relative to the observer you will always be able to find a frame of reference in which the being moves) – *nothing else is required to explain it all: ‘forms’, a concept closely related to the scientific concept of in/form/ation and space dimensions, and ‘motion’, a concept closely related to the physical terms of ‘entropy’ and locomotion; which can be considered the two limits of reality: pure spatial form and pure temporal motion.*

Yet form is clearly NOT real but a mental, still mapping in a language that orders the external world, in the same way the moving Earth appears to us still.

Since when we observe any ‘form’ in detail at ‘smaller’ scales, the form also shows motion. Form in fact is merely a ‘very fast closed motion’ that seen without detail appears as a solid form. So all particles are closed motions. We shall call a closed ‘motion’, *a clock-like ‘time cycle’. *So we can reduce reality to a single ‘element’, motion. *And we affirm all in the Universe are ‘formal motions’ tracing in-form-ative time cycles.*

Further on we can reduce reality to a single ‘element’, motion. Since when we observe any ‘form’ in detail at ‘smaller’ scales, the form also shows motion. Form in fact is merely a ‘very fast closed motion’ that seen without detail appears as a solid form. So all particles are closed motions. We shall call a closed ‘motion’, *a clock-like ‘time cycle’. So we affirm all in the Universe are ‘formal motions’ tracing in-form-ative time cycles.*

What it is, is motion; what humans study is form. This might seem very philosophical but is of extreme importance, as science is after all the linguistic mirror of the Universe in logic and geometric languages of thought.

So how the Universe produces information with motion? Obviously because all motion traces ‘curvatures’ of dimensional form, and by repeating the same patterns of motion, ‘form seems to stay’, coalesce, become fixed. Hence *to create information, form it is need to repeat patterns of motion into closed cycles, and we call those patterns of repetitive closed motions, ‘time clocks’. As all clocks are closed patterns of motion, from orbits of stars and planets to mechanical ones. *

Information is then stored in those closed ‘forms’ or ‘time cycles. In/form/ations, Forms in action are both the ‘form’ AND frequency ‘bits’ of those time cycles. And so as all what exists are cyclical *forms* (we shall call them, ‘fractal points’, ab. œ, •) that complete ‘worldcycles of time’, we can really reduce it all to* ‘formal motions’, to time cycles.*

And as any motion that ‘repeats’ its time cycle is REPRODUCING its form, its information, there is no doubt about our first principle born of the experience that all what we perceive *are motions reproducing information as they move in time cycles*:

All clocks of time are cyclical motions which break reality into an inner region of vital energy, an angular momentum clock that encloses it and when regular a central singularity which can ‘perceive’ some how a mapping of the Universe that flows through the membrane. So mind, angular momentum and vital energy become the 3 parts of the clock and hence the basic super organism of the Universe.

Because a clock is curved, we can see the new Ðimotion of information as a curvature on the dimotion of lineal time. This would be the first step for an extension of great importance in 5Ð theory: the holographic principle.

In 1993, the physicist Gerard ‘t Hooft put forward the holographic principle, which explains that the *information about an extra dimension is visible as a curvature in a spacetime with one fewer dimension*. For example, holograms are three-dimensional pictures placed on a two-dimensional surface, which gives the image a curvature when the observer moves. Similarly, in general relativity, the fourth dimension is manifested in observable three dimensions as the curvature path of a moving infinitesimal (test) particle. ‘T Hooft has speculated that the fifth dimension is really the *spacetime fabric*.

So again as in many cases we shall find indeed that inflationary ‘language-mirrors’ are all more or less right. Indeed, *the second dimotion of time, of form, of in-form-ation is seen as a ‘curvature’ of the first motion of lineal time. The holographic principle is then essential to many themes of this blog, upgraded to ST, SS and TT combinations, which we will be able to compare by dimensional analysis and further our understanding of space-time systems. And the fifth dimension is the ‘space-time fabric’, as it fabricates all other dimensions in scales. Let us see how.*

We shall explain such real Universe, and the systems it creates along the 3 scales of physical systems, the quantum-atomic thermodynamic and gravitational, larger scales.

I advice the reader interested in the organic paradigm and its description of astrophysical systems, to read first the general introduction to 5D fractal space-time systems, as we shall bring some of its main laws but not all for the sake of space-time.

Just in case he doesn’t we shall bring a very brief resume of the two fundamental elements of reality, the 3 arrows of time and the fractal scalar structure of its space, with its ternary symmetries and ‘membrains’ that warp it all with a linguistic still mind singularity, giving birth to the 11 Dimensional super organism, fundamental structure of the Universe.