** ∆+1,2, 3,4: **

**GRAVITO-MAGNETIC SCALES.**

**SUMMARY.**

II. The world cycles of Cosmological systems.

III. The scales of the Big-bang.

IV. Unification of charges and masses.

V. The little big-bangs of Galaxies.

VI. The galaxy as an organism: its 5D ST generator and species:

VII. The Dark World.

Epilogue: 5D cosmology. The new Paradigm.

**I. FRACTAL PARADIGM: GENERATOR OF 5D SPACE-TIME BEINGS.**

*‘Using a term like nonlinear science is like referring to the bulk of zoology as the study of non-elephant animals*“. Ulam

For tat reason the reader is advised to consult first the most general post on 5D and Philosophy of Science, whose aim is to unify all sciences, and the general one on physical systems, ∆±i: Astrœphysical systems, before reading this post on Astronomy.

In case the reader goes forward, we introduce the absolute bare bone concepts of the organic, 5D fractal structure of reality, which are its 3 arrows of time and symmetries with the 3 space organs of al fractal systems of he Universe, and the Principle of relativity between motion and stillness.

**Experimental Proof of the Fractal Structure of the Universe.**

*In the graph, several experimental proofs of the fractal 5D organic structure of all beings of reality: *

*On the left, we can see the growth of a ‘new dimension of temporal height’, in the process of accumulation of bosons. In the centre above, the Sloan fractal map of galaxies. Below the comparison of our region of the Universe with a neuronal cell; on the right, an ice fractal, a plant and a river and a lung. *

In the previous graph we show some experimental proofs of the fractal structure of space-time in all the relative ‘scales of size’ and ‘time speeds’ (5D scales) of the Universe.

Each photograph is a fractal structure, taken from different sciences that study different entities of nature since each part of the Universe has a fractal structure, and so does the Universe at large, made of all those fractal parts.

In March 2007, after Pietronero, an Italian astrophysicist, showed the fractal nature of the Universe, tabulating an enormous number of galaxies, whose distribution was fractal, the magazine *New Scientist* published an article on the theme, confronting Mr. Pietronero and Mr. Hogg, a quantum physicist from the previous outdated probabilistic, mechanist, quantum paradigm:

“The universe is not a fractal,” Hogg insists, “and if it were a fractal, it would create many more problems than we currently have.” A universe patterned by fractals would throw all of cosmology out the window. The big bang would be tossed first, and the expansion of the universe following closely behind.

Hoggs’s team feels that until there’s a theory to explain why the galaxy clustering is fractal, there’s no point in taking it seriously. “My view is that there’s no reason to even contemplate a fractal structure for the universe until there is a physical fractal model,” says Hogg. “Until there’s an inhomogeneous fractal model to test, it’s like tilting at windmills.”

Pietronero is equally insistent. “This is fact,” he says. “It’s not a theory.” He says he is interested only in what he sees in the data and argues that the galaxies are fractal regardless of whether someone can explain why.

As it turns out, there is a model that may be able to explain a fractal universe. The work of a little-known French astrophysicist named Laurent Nottale, the theory is called scale relativity. According to Nottale, the distribution of matter in the universe is fractal because space-time itself is fractal. It is a theory on the fringe, but if the universe does turn out to be fractal, more people might sit up and take notice.

A resolution to the fractal debate will only come with more data. Sloan is currently charting more galaxies and will release a new map in the middle of 2008.

Of course, the Sloan 2008 showed the Universe is a fractal.

This should have been big news all over the world. But that means, as Hogg recognizes, that we have to throw to the trash the big bang and the expansion of the Universe, accept the fractal informative structure of reality, and close down some big projects of science, such as the large hadron collider, which will merely cause a planetary big bang, very different from a hypothetical birth of the entire Universe (impossible in a Fractal Paradigm, which at best would consider a ‘larger’ scale above galaxies).

So how can we reconcile the fractal structure of the Universe – a massive evident fact of science, in the whole and all its parts – and the knowledge that space expands between galaxies, accelerating its motion, in a fashion similar to the entropic expansion of a gas, in the molecular scale?

**Logic Consistency: The Infinite, Hierarchical Universe**

A good description of the fractal universe and its logic principles is this text from the Web by Mr. Oldershaw from Amherst University:

“With regard to cosmology, we live at a very privileged time. When we read about exciting and revolutionary paradigm changes, in which our most fundamental ideas about nature undergo radical revisions, the drama usually has taken place well before we were born. Today, however, we have the rare opportunity of witnessing at first hand a profound transformation in our understanding of how the Universe is structured. This ongoing change of cosmological paradigms from a “small” finite cosmos to an infinite fractal cosmos began about two decades ago and is in full swing at present. The short version of what is happening goes like this. For about 50 years the Big Bang model of the Universe has provided an excellent explanation for the basic cosmological observations: a very large-scale expansion, an approximately uniform background of microwave radiation and a unique set of abundances for the atomic elements. However, there were some technical problems with this model, such as an a causal beginning of space-time, a lack of magnetic monopoles, an unexpectedly high degree of uniformity, and an enigmatic knife-edge balance between the open and closed states.

Then in the early 1980s Alan Guth^{4} showed how these and other problems with the Big Bang model could be solved in one fell swoop with the Inflationary Scenario. But, an ironic thing has happened. Although the Inflationary Scenario was developed to rescue the Big Bang model, the most logical consequence of pursuing the concept of Inflation is the replacement the Big Bang paradigm with a much grander and more encompassing paradigm. According to Guth and a growing number of leading cosmologists, the most natural version of Inflation theory is Eternal Inflation in which Inflation is, was and always will be occurring on an infinite number of size scales. The new paradigm that cosmologists have arrived at by several routes is an infinite fractal hierarchy that has “universes” within “universes” without end. The astronomer Carl Sagan once referred to the general idea of an infinite fractal universe as “strange, haunting, evocative—one of the most exquisite conjectures in science or religion.”

That is the basic story, but because of the profound changes the fractal paradigm will have on our understanding of the Universe and the place of humans within that Universe, it is important to explore the implications of this new vision. Firstly, there is no edge or boundary of the Universe; space is infinite in all directions. What we used to refer to as “The Universe” can be more appropriately called the “observable universe” (note the small “u”) or the “Hubble Volume,” and it is only a tiny part of what one might call our “metagalaxy” or “level 1 universe”. We currently have no way of determining the size of our metagalaxy or the number of galaxies it contains, but we could reasonably assume that both figures would be vastly beyond anything previously contemplated.

There would be an infinite number of these level 1 universes, and on an unimaginably large scale they too would be organized into level 2 universes, and so on without limit.

Secondly, time is also infinite in the unbounded Organic universe. Whereas our Hubble Volume may have come into being and began to expand approximately 13.7 billion years ago, the Universe has always existed and always will. Parts of the Universe may be created or annihilated, may undergo expansion or contraction, but the infinite fractal hierarchy remains unchanged overall, and thus is without any temporal limits.

Thirdly, there is no limit to size scales. In the infinite fractal paradigm there is no class of largest objects that would cap off the cosmological hierarchy; the hierarchy is infinite in scale.

This fact removes one of the more suspect aspects of the old paradigm. Natural philosophers had long noted the unusual fact that within the Big Bang paradigm humans found themselves roughly in the middle of nature’s hierarchy of size scales. This anthropocentric state of affairs seemed to violate the Copernican concept that when humans appear to be at the center of the cosmos, we should suspect that a bias is leading us astray. In an infinite fractal hierarchy there is no center of the Universe, nor any preferred reference frame.

Some interesting questions immediately arise. Why are fractal hierarchies so ubiquitous in nature? By studying empirical phenomena within the observable universe, how much will we be able to learn scientifically about the parts of the Universe that lie beyond our observational limits? Does the infinite cosmological hierarchy have a bottom-most scale of sub-atomic particles as is currently thought, or is this another artificial limit to an infinite Organic universe that actually extends without limits to ever smaller scales?

Centuries ago Immanuel Kant, J.H. Lambert and a few others proposed an infinite hierarchical model of nature based largely on natural philosophy arguments. This general hierarchical paradigm never garnered a large following, but it was kept alive by numerous rediscoveries. In the 1800s and 1900s quite a few scientists, including E.E. Fournier d’Albe, F. Selety, C.V.L. Charlier and G. de Vaucouleurs, argued for hierarchical cosmological models based on the hierarchical organization within the observable universe. Then toward the end of the 1970s, the mathematician B. B. Mandelbrot^{5} gave the hierarchical paradigm new life and widespread exposure by developing the mathematics of fractal geometry and demonstrating that fractal phenomena based on hierarchical self-similarity are ubiquitous in nature. In this way natural philosophers, empirical scientists, mathematicians and theoretical physicists have all found their way, slowly but surely, to the infinite fractal paradigm. There are many routes to this paradigm, and certainly there are a large number of distinct versions of the basic paradigm that have their own unique theoretical explanations for why nature is organized in this manner, but the general paradigm that nature is an infinite hierarchy of worlds within worlds has fully arrived, and will probably be our dominant cosmological paradigm for the foreseeable future.”

But what does it mean that the Universe is organized in fractal patterns of form? To fully grasp this concept, we have to realize that “fractal equations” are “organic equations,” which participate of the properties of organisms. Fractal equations create forms as life does. Fractal equations create self-similar “cells,” as life does. And in fact, they use the same term. Fractal equations are also called generator equations, as they are the mother cells that encode the information needed to repeat a living form. Finally a fractal equation will create a pattern of interconnected parts, which put together reproduce a whole, self-similar to their parts, as organisms do.

The only thing a fractal equation does not have is motion, as it is a simplified geometrical description of reality. So in the same manner, geometry lacks motion; simplified fractal equations didn’t have motion when they were first discovered.

But now, fractal science has advanced a step further, thanks to the evolution of fractal logic, duality, and non-Euclidean geometries, so we can understand finally the meaning of motion in the Universe.

Let us then explain the logic and mathematical principles of the fractal paradigm, starting for what fractal relativists mean when they say that the Universe is built in fractal scales made of pieces of vital space and informative time. To that aim, we apply to the understanding of masses of physical information and black holes and pulsars, which are fractals, made of quarks.

**The 3 properties of fractal space: discontinuous, bidimensional, scalar ****structure**.

Very simple: in the fractal paradigm, *space is discontinuous, made of fractal non-Euclidean points, joined into bidimensional networks, through flows of expansive kinetic energy and contracting cyclical information; which grow in size and scale when we come closer to them (so points become galaxies, whose fractal points become stars, whose Non-E points become planets, whose fractal points become humans, whose Non-E points become cells, whose fractal points become atoms and so on).*

So we just need to apply the ‘so obvious’ fractal, Non-Euclidean structure of reality to describe the Universe, and ‘voila!’, magic – every question is resolved, every experimental evidence fits in place. And all the whys are revealed.

Discontinuous space.

The big bang theory is based in the concept of an expansive space, merely one of the 3 possible solutions to Einstein’s field equations, *which must be accepted only on that region and scale of the Universe in which space truly expands, which happens to be the interstellar space between galaxies. *

*But within galaxies the non-lineal, cyclical, inverse arrow of temporal information, that is the accelerated gravitational vortices of the black holes, which suck in electromagnetic entropy, converted into gravitational information, that is implode space into mass;*

*Thus **the expansion of space between galaxies is perfectly balanced by the implosion of space curved into time vortices of mass by the galaxies. *

*They balance the expansive motion of interstellar space, defining an dynamic Universe in which each scale of the fractal is in balance between its ‘expansive, entropic arrow of space and kinetic energy or lineal momentum’; ( ab. Spe), and its ‘implosive, informative arrow of accelerated Cyclical Time clocks, (ab. Tiƒ):*

*In the graph, the fractal paradigm postulates a Universe of infinite scales of sizes with relative big-bangs, which are the death of implosive Mass converted back and forth into entropic motion, according to Einstein’s equation: E<=>Mc², which actually has 2 arrows of time, and was in fact first described as M=E/c², that is as a process to create mass from energy. Thus both arrows balance each other and the Universe has at least 2 arrows of time, ‘Spe’ or spatial entropy, and Tƒ(m), Cyclical vortices of mass**, which we can measure by the angular frequency or clock-speed of the vortex. Since indeed, E=Mc², the fundamental equation of Special relativity and E=hƒ, the fundamental equation of quantum physics, can be joined together Mc²=hƒ, whereas M= h/c² ƒ.*

* *

*In the graph, the evolution of the concept of mass in relativity, from the initial image of an abstract substance in the center of an accelerated vortex of space-time, proper of the abstract, pre–world war age, when Einstein first published his work on gravitation, to the first pictures obtained in bubble chambers in the postwar age, to the realization that each mass is a fractal space-time made of smaller cyclic motions proper of twenty-first century. Fractal relativity. The smaller motions are quarks, the bigger motions are quark stars, pulsars, and black holes. Today we can model any type of vortex of space-time with fractal mathematics, as each small vortex transfers the momentum to the bigger vortex, which emerges as a macroscopic entity. Thus, we conclude that a black hole is a fractal concentration of the densest matter of the Universe, quarks, since quarks represent on average more than 99.9% of the matter of our bodies. Those improvements on the details of mass theory, based on the advancement of its mathematical tools (discovery of fractals, chaos theory, and the five postulates of non-Euclidean geometry) is the natural way in which the evolution of science happens, departing from sound logic principles.*

*Thus mass is proportional to a constant (h/c²) multiplied by a variable frequency and its attractive power is proportional to the speed of the vortex as a hurricane (an air vortex) or a tornado (a water vortex). *

*We can therefore write a Fractal ‘Generator Equation’ of the lineal entropic space and cyclical time vortices of the cosmos:, Sp(e) <=>Tƒ(m).*

The holography principle: bidimensional inertial, space networks of fractal points, and tall, cyclical, accelerated vortices of time clocks.

*Now, the scientific method considers proves of truth, written below the graph, 1) Experimental evidence – all the galaxies and expansive entropic dark energy space between it 1) Known cause: the Fractal Generator of Space-time beings. 3) economy, we shall generalise the fractal equation to ALL BEINGS of the Universe, fractal parts made to its image and likeness. 4) No Falsification. I dare you to find an entity of reality which does NOT obey the 10 isomorphisms= Fractal space-time laws of all beings.*

*So before we enter into cosmology we shall make a fast synopsis of the fundamental ‘truth’ of reality:*

*The Universe and all its parts, are ternary systems made of spatial entropy and temporal information, combined into fractal space-time beings whose existence obeys the properties of those 2 ultimate elements of reality.*

Look at the graph. You do NOT exist in a background, Newtonian, absolute abstract space-time, but you are made of quanta of lineal spatial motions, which trace closed cycles, ‘time clocks’ of different speed and form≈ in-form-ation.

When you say i don’t have energy and time to do this, you ARE certain, you are made of spatial energy and temporal information, as everything else in the Universe. And only the pegging together of all those vital spaces, separated by membranes, in the fiction of the mind you can imagine Absolute space.

**The generator of bidimensional Fractal space and cyclical time. Its physical variations.**

It follows for the same reasons, since a cycle of time encloses a vital space or world separated from the outer Universe (first law of topology and knot theory – a cycle breaks space into discontinuous inner and outer regions), there is not a single clock of time, neither time has a steady repetitive ‘tic’ as our mechanical clocks – Nature has infinite clocks of time, each vortex of cyclical information, mass or charge or galaxy of each scale of the fractal Universe is a time clock.

And only the sum of all those repetitive cycles those entities perform, the beats of my heart, which provoke the hits of my fingers, which produce logic cycles in the computers that put this pieces of information in the screen, form a ‘combined, synchronised motion of absolute time’.

If you accept this empirical fact of your existence – that YOU ARE made of space and time – you will upgrade your understanding of yourself and the Universe. This is the model of relational space-time, which Leibniz advanced as an alternative to Newton’s model of an abstract background- a mathematical, idealist error born of the custom of drawing beings in the ideal pictorial background of a cartesian canvas.

We say this is an ‘experimental fact’ because it was proved by modern science – by quantum physics and relativity.

We do know it, since Einstein proved there are ∞ time cycles in the Universe and quantum theorists proved space is made of quanta that carry motion, momentum, kinetic energy (related terms of mathematical physics). So he said, Leibniz is right, but if so we have to change the foundations of sciences since its beginning, which is what i did during the years I was the president-chair of the science of duality, within the world congresses of Systems science, cybernetics and Information, (ISSS), which studies the Systems of all sciences, not only with the single arrow of entropy as physicists do but with both arrows of future, entropy and information, lineal and cyclical motions and momentums.

*This requires to understand the previous graph, which illustrates the Holographic principle; that generalises the 2 arrows of physical systems, and generalised to all systems of the Universe, the concept that we are all made of 2 elements,*

*O-Tiƒ: cyclical, Time, informative of heads/particles that process temporal information and guide the lineal motions of its |-Spe body/wave limbs/fields that carry its lineal energy: *

** ****Γ.** |-Spe <=>O-Tiƒ.

This fractal geometric generator redistributes the 4 dimensions we know to exist in this scale of reality, in 2 dimensions of vital space, creating flat planes of space, with maximal extension (made of small cells, points, atoms, any ‘set of similar beings) and 2 dimensions of temporal information, height and rhythm to form the simplest possible time cycle, which carries information in the form and frequency of this cycles.

Now this should be evident to you, temporal information has the dimensions of height and form (cyclical patterns seen with a mind as slow fixed forms, like the way you see a fast spinning wheel as a solid disk). So you are watching a tall bidimensional screen or book, your eyes see bidimensional forms, and your informative eye, head or the antenna or camera that absorbs information, with its logic cycles of time, its computer clocks measured in cyclical frequencies, Hertzs, are all on top, are all made of closed time cycles and forms.

*So the dimension of height belongs to time cycles, which now has 2 dimensions and it is no longer a line of infinite duration but a cycle with a tall form, which rises as time ‘r=evolves’, the flat sheets of vital space, which originates all systems in a past, energetic, young age, into tall space-time of maximal information.*

*In the graph, the bidimensional nature of time cycles, divides the 4 dimensions of time-space in 2 ‘formal motions’, tall, cyclical time, which carries the information of the Universe in the form and frequency of its cycles (as the n-sphere has the maximal volume in minimal space), as such is the gauging ‘particle-head on top of all systems (so photons stay longer on top of the wave, your head is on top, as an informative mammal, with the dimension of height, eyes and cameras are spheres and antennae are on top, so are speakers: function is form) and wide, lineal space planes, which are the most extended fastest distance between points so fast ‘planes’ are… planes, limbs and fields are planes.*

Then by putting the dimension of height in the right part of the fractal generator (time) as a dimension of information those time cycles, *become a real arrow of future evolution, which* ‘resolves’ most of the questions of science related to the passing of time, its evolution and informative processes. Indeed, the ‘informative time component of the being’ is on the dimension of height. It is the central black hole of gravitational information, that in-forms, forms the galaxy, the height of the man, with its top head, *and the tendency of time, of evolution, which started with flat worms and grew into height, as time passed. ‘Time curves space into masses’ said Einstein and the black hole of maximal mass, has in its centre a point or singularity of infinite height. So does a hurricane. Height is thus a dimension of temporal information and all entities evolve towards more information, more height.*

* It is the arrow of evolution: *lat proteins evolved into tall nucleotides and DNAs, flat amphibia evolved into tall dinosaurs; mammals evolved into tall apes and flat transport machines into tall robots.

Height thus is a dimension of fractal information; and this explains the experiment evidence of the geometry of the Universe, which is a flat sheet of space, with tall black holes curving entropic space into galactic vortices of mass rising in height in the central tall singularities. Thus the Universe is a fractal tapestry of pieces of flat space, expanding along the dimensions of ‘spatial entropy’, width and length, which cyclical vortices of mass-height, rise and implode into tall singularities, black holes. E<=>M.

And since the universe is fractal, the expansion of space between galaxies is balanced by the implosion and rising of height of black holes at the centre of those galaxies.

And so all is a fluctuation of Sp <=>Tƒ, both in the whole Universe and each galactic part, and each living being of each fractal point of the galaxy called a planet.

Let us now complete the model by considering the intermediate region in which the spatial entropic lineal or planar limbs/fields and the temporal, tall, cyclical heads/particles, exchange lineal energy and cyclical information.

Since this *intermediate region, the present wave-body of the system is what creates by pegging together the entropic limbs/fields and informative particles/heads, synchronous organisms of space-time that last as they balance both | & O limits of form and combine them to iterate=reproduce the system, with is wave-bodies, making the ‘information of the Universe immortal and converting reality in a living fractal dedicated to reproduce information over sheets of entropic, expansive space, forming, informing, warping space into time cycles.*

**MOTIONS IN TIME ≈ DIMENSIONS IN SPACE: GALILEAN PARADOX.**

In the graph, the paradox of galileo, all moves in time and seems a dimension of space. This duality must always be considered to understand physical systems. So particles are the static, informative state, and waves the moving state of quantum systems. Vortices of time are the motion perception of mass and solid balls the static, space perception. Both are certain. The same happens with the duality between fractal scales and continuous single space-time. In the graph, a non-detailed analysis by Galileo of Saturn showed it as a flat, continuous, non moving rng. In detail it was a cyclical sum of fractal non-eculdiean points, planetoids. So the higher truth with more information is the fractal, cyclical structure of the Universe.

Now the deepest confusion on the theme of particles, masses and the like, is the incapacity to understand properly the principle of relativity and the constant switch of beings between still states of information and moving states of entropy, such as physical systems move as waves, and perceive information in stillness, so they stop and go, stop and go, or we can see space as dilating in dimension or as motions of galaxies. And so we can see masses as particles and as vortices of time.

The still perception of space, we might say is always a static simultaneous picture of a motion in time.

Thus since we cannot know when a thing is moving or is merely a ‘form’, we must always consider this duality. If we see a particle, it is a ‘vortex of motion’ besides having a cyclical time-like form. If we see a dimension of length, it is space moving besides being a still distance. On this difference almost ‘every mathematical tool’ of calculus (differentials and integrals), every system of Nature (which we see simultaneously as a still organism, and moving through its worldcycle of life and death), the duality of quantum, discontinuous reality and moving, continuous one, etc. etc., almost all phenomena of all sciences is based. I call it the “Galilean Paradox’, to differentiate its much wider meaning from those sponsored by physicists, as again we shall apply it to all sciences. So we write it again:

Relativity Principle (Galilean Paradox): “All what exists is a motion with form”.

Soon we will realize that indeed, all what exists is motion with form, nothing is truly still. And so cyclical time seen as form is ‘information’ and as motion is a ‘vortex-like clock’, and open space seen as form is ‘distance’ and seen as motion is ‘lineal speed’.

There is a convention though to call time ‘motion’ and ‘space’ stillness. This is Ok in the ‘limit’. As time accelerates (as all cyclical motions, which require 2 points, a torque and have angular acceleration) and in fact as paradoxical as it seems a cyclical motion by the law of the vortex is faster than a lineal motion, which as in a big-bang explosion, decelerates. (We shall deed with the error of considering the expansion of the distance-space of the Universe as an acceleration in our post on astrophysics).

So in the limit by the law of the vortex, Vo x Ro = k, time cycles accelerate inwards as vortex do, and in the process they attract ‘space’. So black holes, masses and charges do exactly so. And so in the limit we can say that ‘time is motion’ (the classic definition of it) and space is distance, dimension.

And this fact of T.Œ will allow us easily to unify the equations of charges and masses, what physicists call T.O.E, or Theory Of Everything, a minor result of T.Œ, the Theory of the Organic Everything, which I write with Œ to distinguish both.

**The 3 motions of time.**

Time is motion in visual terms, CHANGE, in logic terms. And Aristotle, the father of logic science told us there were different types of motion:

-External ‘locomotion’, or translation in space, studied by physics; which we shall call ‘energetic, entropic motions in space’, Sp.

-Internal change in the ‘form’ of beings, in their in-form-ation, which we call evolution, and said it was studied by biology, and we shall call Temporal, Informative motion, proper, Tƒ.

-But this 2 great fields of change, external, physical, spatial change and internal, temporal informative evolution, or cyclical change, combine constantly and reproduce similar forms, and so we can talk of a 3rd type of ‘formal motion’ or change, not so evident as it is a conservative change, we shall call reproduction, or revolution, product of both type of changes, ST(st), or ST.

If we observe those 3 motions as ‘still forms in space’, they give birth to the 3 ‘ONLY’ topologies of our Universe:

The toroid, lineal entropic past-forms of limbs/fields; the spherical, informative, ‘future forms’ of heads/particles that DID guide the whole system towards its future; and its combined, hyperbolic, bodies/waves in the middle, that REPRODUCED the system.

The 3 topologies of all Universal systems: vital spaces, cyclical membranes and o-points of measure**. **

In the graph, a few of the ternary systems, made with the 3 only topologies-functions of all systems of the Universe, an atom, a tomato, a planet, a cell an embryo and an electromagnetic field. Though at first sight their resemblance might seem a mere coincidence, all of them are ternary systems, which we can describe with the same ‘Generator equation’ of ¬Æ mathematics, the formalism of T.œ (the Organic Theory of Everything, which unifies all sciences as descriptions of such systems in any scale of the Universe).

Thus a deeper analysis of time cycles shows them to have always 3 ‘ages’, ‘phases’, ‘arrows’, ‘states’ or ‘dimensions’:

- < (symbol of expansion flow), Ps: Past, entropic motions, dominant in the youth, with a toroid, lineal expansive form.
- > (implosive flow), ƒt: Future-form: a cyclical time vortex proper.
- ≈ (symbol of iterative wave): ST: Present-iterative motions that don’t seem to change; or dynamic, body-wave motion

And this gave us the 2 ‘variations of the Generator which described existence in Time and Space, easily written as:

**Time:** Ps (young entropic age) > ST(adult, iterative-reproductive age) ≥ Ft (informative age) ≤ Ps (entropic death)

**Space:** Sp (Limbs/fields) ≤ ST (body-wave) ≤ It (head-particle)

Those symmetries correspond in space to the only 3 topological forms; hence systems can only be constructed with those 3 topologies that define as the graphs show all organisms and physical species.

We associate counter-intuitively ‘cycles with motion’ and ‘lines with Still space’.

It has to do a lot with the limiting errors of classic physics, where only lineal inertial motion matters. Fact is big-bang explosion DECELERATE speed till it becomes Still lineal distances and dimensions, that is pure lineal space with no motion or vacuum space (as in any physical big-bang of entropy). While the equation of cyclical vortex, is Vo x Ro = K (2-manifold, simplest variety), which counter-intuitively accelerates (∆V) when distance becomes smaller, (-∆R) to maintain K constant.

Thus clocks, frequencies and vortices accelerate ,and have more ‘time’ content, that lineal motions that decelerate to a halt.

So we can now extend the generator to its natural ternary form:

*|-Spe < Œ: ExI(s=t) > ⊗-Tiƒ*

Now this would be the most exact symbolic representation of the Universe (the reader should excuse we don’t use it full and many times for easiness, we use instead of ⊗ for the informative self-centred cycle, an O, circle.

We use 3 ‘letters’ for each side of the Fractal Generator, to signify the 3 commonest perception of the 2 sides of the equation in human beings. Space appears as ‘Space-Size’, but also as ‘spatial entropy or kinetic energy’, that is an expansive motion (<), and as it has lesser form it comes ‘first’ in the evolution of beings as its relative past, young age of maximal motion in space. And inversely in the moment of death when the ‘cycle of time reverses locally its direction’. Locally being the key to avoid paradoxes.

We use also 3 ‘letters’ for Temporal, cyclical information, Tiƒ, T, Ti, for time, i, iƒ for information, and ƒ, for frequency of the external cycle, O, which is centred in a self-point of view or frame of reference ⊗, and ƒt, for future, as those are the synchronic, dynamic and geometric interpretations of the other side of the equation.

And finally, its combination of iterative present, hyperbolic body-waves, Œ-ExI(st), whose function resumes the entire system: Max. S x T (e=i), and we shall call the function of existence of the system.

The Universe thus is relatively simple, in its dual and ternary logic, both in geometry, | x ⊗ = Œ, its meaning – a game of formal motions of space-synchornous organisation and time, 0-sum world cycles, and properties, geometric, organic, structural, mental, perceptive, as those systems do have a centre of angular momentum, a frame of reference that gauges information, a relative still point of view, and logic causal, since the purpose of those systems is as any fractal generator, to ‘repeat’ its form through slight variations caused by the dynamic duality of the 2 sides of the equation. How many varieties of the equation exist? Infinite. In physical systems the commonest are, expressions in terms of an energetic, spatial parameters and a cyclical curved clock of time (charge, mass, solid matter system in the 3 quantum, ∆-1, ∆-thermodynamic or ∆+1 gravitational scales). For example, we can resume the laws of gravitation in terms of the generator as:

E(Sp) < Constant of informative curvature (G) / or energy density (C) > M (Tƒ)

Whereas the relationship between the state of spatial energy and cyclical time (mass) of the gravitational system can be expansive, entropic, in a big bang in which mass uncoils into bidimensional space-time, cc, or it can be attractive, when entropy becomes mass, as the distance≈ field between two such masses, Mm, curves (G), into a tighter configuration.

In quantum physics the equivalent equation would be:

T(fermion) < Sp (Boson ≈ wave) > T(Fermion)

where two particles exchange a boson wave which might be repulsive-entropic, < or attractive-informative, >, as the wave travels and reproduces, ≈ in the space between both, collapsing back, >, into particle state of maximal information, when the fermion absorbs it.

The essence of the fractal paradigm is thus the diversity of variations on a simple common theme: forms of relative past, spatial entropy, and forms of relative future, information, constantly co-sharing and fluctuating, as they share both expansive and implosive, <, >, motions between them.

Because physics does not have this underlying structure resolved, the confusion and complexity and enormous number of different parameters and concepts used to define all those different phenomena which are essentially similar makes its understanding complex.

To that sheer amount of data, we have on physical systems, it must be noticed that on the lower scales of information (quantum scales), the structure of multiple layers co-existing into wholes that put it all together through internal networks of energy and information (blood, and nervous networks in life beings) is much simplified, so there is not so clear an arrow of absolute future, in which parts embedded into wholes (minS. x Max. T) slowly rise in order during a long time process, to die back in an instant of time in the moment of death (min Time x Max. space).

But this fundamental asymmetry between spatial, entropic motions or big-bangs of death (Max. S x Min. T) does happen also in physical systems, and that is the justification that we call ‘time-future-clocks-cyclical-informative’ processes as they last much longer, and space-dead-lineal-past processes, as they last much shorter. And obviously because parts comes from wholes, the future absolute arrow is that of eusocial evolution, of eusocial love, of compression of individuals, loose gaseous states into liquid and solid even bosonic forms.

The Universe in its widest philosophical expression is a game of formal motions, motions with form. And since Motion never stops IT IS ETERNAL, a game of fluctuations between | and ⊗, lines and self-centred cycles that forms all the conical curves of mathematics, all the forms of space-time of digital computers, all the numbers of the language of mathematics, all the images of the languages of art – all can be reduced to this equation of 2 formal motions, the lineal and angular momentum.

So we could write the most general principle of reality, the fractal generator, |-Sp<œ-ST>⊗-Tƒ, in logic terms: ‘All what exists is motion that changes its form back and forth ad eternal’.

**The vortex of time and its 3 ages.**

*All including humans are fractal systems made of multiple cyclical time clocks, Tiƒ, that enclose and inform a moving vital space centered into a selfish point of view, ⊗, which encodes the ‘action-will’ (a,ei,ou) of the system, whose purpose is to repeat and perpetuate the formal motions of the being.*

Moreover, most of those time clocks and cyclical trajectories follow the laws of angular momentum (time clocks of the human scale) , of spins, (time clocks of the H-planck scale), of masses, charges, and all kind of vortices: they accelerate inwards (Vo=K Ro).

So ‘Time curves space into masses’ (Einstein), *time accelerates and grows the information of a system towards a 3rd age of maximal information* and minimal space, or *old age of the time cycle, after which the cycle explodes back into entropy, and erases its information. Hence we can define an equation of space-time, now in terms of diachronic cycles of existence between life and death:*

Ps>Ft<Ps Whereas we have change the order of Space (Sp), to signify the relative Past (Ps) or erasing of information which is the relative arrow of the fractal entropy process of death, and we have changed the order of Tƒ, to Ft (diachronic view of information), which is the arrow of relative future of a system. since systems start in a relative past of maximal entropy, increase their information towards the future through the ages of life, and death explode back closing a world cycle’, back to the past.

*The simplicity of this equation, which can be obviously expressed with all the due details of complex General Relativity and quantum physics, when studying mathematical physics, easily translated into varieties, iterations and combinations of the 3 arrows of time and symmetric 3 organs of space, is perhaps the strongest proof of the fractal paradigm according to the fundamental tenants of the scientific method: we must always hold a higher truth, experimental evidence and then the logic postulates of the Scientific method, some of which are shown in the graph: *

*Experimental evidence, logic cause, Ockham’s razor (a simple economic truth that explains more things and requires less elements is more truth) and no falsification. Only when there is evidence of a fact and a model is logically sound, we can go further into its mathematical simple equations ‘first’, and then further into the ‘detailed’ more complex equations of the system.*

But to complete the fractal paradigm we need a final element, which is obvious in all systems of nature, its scalar structure in different co-existent levels of reality, as you are made of cells, put together into larger organisms, parts of larger societies, and physical systems are made of atoms, put together into molecular, thermodynamic systems part of gravitational wholes. So if we call each of those scales an ∆±n scale of anew dimension that puts all those fractal parts of space with relative different cyclical time clocks, together, we complete the model of the fractal Universe by adding…

**The frames of reference – mental points of view.**

So we find in the Universe always 3 elements in all systems, which correspond to the 3 ‘topologies’ of mathematics, and the 3 ‘ages’ of life world cycles (since life is cyclical ,changes in time are NOT worldlines as physicists believe, but world cycles):

The vital space of lineal motions, enclosed by the cyclical membranes and time cycles, focused in a central point of view or frame of reference, of maximal density of information that gauges information, linguistically and has the structure of a Non-Euclidean, Fractal point, through which multiple ‘parallels of energy and information’ can cross.

This ‘mind, soul, god, monad, Maxwellian Demon’ that creates the order of the Universe will be then defined by a simple mathematical equation and geometry as a ⊗-point, whose function will be to maintain the whole system ‘stable’; that is in biological terms ‘to make it survive’.

It does not need to be conscious, but as Leibniz described it in his work on monads, apperceive mathematically, vegetatively or linguistically, because simply speaking, Evolution implies that a system which ‘maintains the ‘whole’ stable and survive lasts on time. So automatically as time goes, ONLY systems who had this ternary efficient, symmetric, stable configuration have lasted, have been selected.

This definition, when translated to mathematical physics, coupled with the Principle of Relativity as defined by Poincare-Einstein, ‘we cannot distinguish motion from stillness’ will allow us to derive all the laws of Physics and explains its main systems. So for example, an atom has a central point of view of maximal density; but it has the advantage that can be applied to all other sciences, to define all the laws of knowledge.

In that regard, a more telling qualification of the system is one in which we put together the Membrane and central point of view, as two connected elements, which invaginate with fixed or dynamic networks the vital space between both:

The sensorial membrane absorbs energy and information and shrinks it according to Poincare Conjecture into the mind point, in which there is a locking or mapping or linguistic still moment of form, and perception, which in physical systems regardless of anthropomorphism should happen in bosonic states of no motion and maximal density of form, crystals, and likely black holes with gravitational forces.

This process which encodes the will of the Universe in the central unmoved God of Aristotle, or fractal point-monad, cannot be obviously perceived internally but we do know to exist by experience in living beings, and should also exist by external observation of the actions and motions of physical systems, which reproduce its form once the black hole or crystal centre is formed.

It is to be expected though that under the paradox of the ego, the human point of view and frame of reference will not acknowledge the obvious facts that even the smallest particles, quarks and electrons (of which our mind is made) apperceive information, and gauge it (±i), absorb energy and use it (±e) to iterate their for in an offspring of similar beings (œ) and evolve socially into larger wholes or universals (u), besides changing, accelerating or decelerating its motions (a), the a,e,i,o,u ‘åctions’ that define the behaviour of all T.œ Time-space functions of existence of the Universe.

Only then we can fully grasp the harmony of the Universe and all its planes of existence, and chains of beings, across the common 5th dimension of creative Spe-sizes of space and Tƒ, time clocks.

**The 5th dimension: the scales and metric of space-time.**

The fractal paradigm is by far the most r=evolutionary advance in all sciences, which allows unlike ‘physical only theories of reality’, to unify the concepts of time and space of all sciences, each one studying a relative scale of size and time speed of the ‘5th dimension’. In this article we shall study only the laws of the fractal paradigm applied to the largest cosmological and galactic scales:

In the graph we can see how the 5th dimension organises all the time clocks with different speeds, and scales of size in the Universe, from the largest, slower beings to the fastest, smaller ones. 5D metric therefore introduces in fact ‘2 new dimensions’ or arrows of the Universe, downwards, towards faster clocks of time, and upwards towards larger slower wholes which ‘contour’ the internal vital space of any system.

Yet since wholes require the parts to appear before they are formed, the 5th dimension is in fact a dimension of time, which establishes a new absolute time arrow, which is the arrow of eusocial evolution of parts into wholes, of points into ‘social numbers’, of ‘finitesimal quanta’ into super organisms, as particles become atoms that become molecules, cells, crystals, planets, organisms, societies, solar systems, galaxies and beyond…

The existence of more ‘dimensions of time motion than mere speed locomotion’, of organic character, a fundamental element of philosophy of science, ignored by present physics is thus readdressed by 5D metric, opening an astounding number of solutions to pending questions of all sciences.

In that regard, the main social scales of the 5th dimension have different entropic size in space, ∆i, studied by a different science. Its fundamental metric equation is the co-invariance between the speed of the time clocks of the species of each scalar science – hence its capacity to process information – which increases as the system becomes smaller, but for an entire family of co-related species, remains invariable:

*|-Space Constant x ⊗-Tiƒ-Time clock = Space-time plane (∆±1) ≈ ‘Present’ ≈Ei: physics’ conservation principles*

In the next graph we can see some E/c<=>Mc processes of spatial expansion and big-bang destruction of mass, all of which have an inverse temporal, informative, process of much slower creation of temporal information and mass that balances them, in different scales of physical systems, from the beta decay that explodes atoms into electrons and protons (with an inverse slow collapse of electrons into atoms) to the quasar big-bang of galaxies (with an slow process of creation of mass-information from gaseous space):

If we consider the space-time an absolute continuum in a single scale, this more accurate picture of what we perceive is not possible, hence we come to the conclusion of present cosmology – that the Universe will expand and die. If we consider that this expansion is compensated by galaxies, which follow Einstein’s dictum: ‘Time curves space into mass’, Mr. Hogg’s conundrum – how to correct the big-bang is solved.

And so we learn another fundamental truth of Philosophy of Science, which today is often overlooked: we must never deny experimental evidence, even if at first sight it contradicts an established theory.

* For that reason **we must* accept the fractal informative structure of reality, where the big bang is merely the death-rebirth cycle of a quasar-like galaxy or local Universe, a scale of size above galaxies.

* So both together create an immortal Universe of expansive ‘bidimensional sheets’ of flat space we observe the ‘canonical structure’ of…*

**II. COSMOLOGICAL AND PHYSICAL WORLDCYCLES.**

**The 3 ages of time in cosmology.**

Let us in introduce the cyclical theory of cosmology starting by:

__The consequences of cyclical time__in the perception of the present lineal analysis of the Universe, as a ‘block of infinite lineal time duration’.

First we shall consider the space-time cycle of the Universe, which will allow us also to illustrate the quite different consequences of using with the same equations, the two different concepts of a universe dominated by a single continuum space, and one dominated by time, made of infinite space-time cycles.

In the graph, the lineal time of Cartesian graphs, accepts only a natural motion – lineal inertia, and denies the fundamental property of time cycles, its closed cyclical form that carries the causal, repetitive laws and stores the information of the Universe in the frequency and form of those cycles.

Since every time motion of the Universe is cyclical and lineal time, physical time, a shorter part of a cycle, or the sum of multiple ‘cyclical steps’, as the wave of light, used to define a second according to its ‘frequency of time cycles’.

Mathematically the discontinuity of space-time and hence the existence of infinite fractal space-time motions in the Universe is proved by the fundamental theorem of topology and knot theory: a closed cycle divides the Universe in an inner and outer space, breaking it.

Thus a time clock or time cycle breaks (knot theory, topology) space into an inner and outer region. So we must also talk of infinite broken spaces, fractal parts of space with ‘motion’ or ‘energy’ that a time cycle surrounds and controls: The unit of the Universe is a space-time cycle; and all beings of Nature are made of such ‘fundamental particles’, the cyclical, fractal space-time born of enlarging, each ‘point’ of lineal time into a ‘cycle’.

Thus the existence of cyclical time clocks implies that space is fractal and enclosed by time clocks, which manage those spaces as their vital, inner spaces, the ‘internal substances’ of which relational space-time beings are made.

So it is not possible to extend to infinity a lineal equation as big-bang physicists do. The equation WILL curve and the big-bang if it existed for the whole Universe, would end in a big crunch (we shall see many proofs it might be restarted to a quasar cycle, as our measure is local in this galaxy and we have tabulated a 10 to 20 billion year cycle of quasars for galaxies, so it might be again another anthropomorphic ego-trip of explaining it all).

Now, in this graph, written with the sequential equation of the Worldcycle of life and death we see two clear differences between the interpretation of the same phenomena in absolute space-time and relational space-time.

Above, the big-bang cycle is described as a single line of a single continuum space-time and a single time direction. The same graph, which is the last one of our ‘Still picture’ the beginning and the end is the same. It is a cycle. And this is what Einstein’s 3 solutions to the space-time structure of the Universe tell us:

The big-bang entropic, expansive solution, its inverse big crunch, Gödel, cyclical solution and the intermediate ‘steady state’, balanced longer present solution in which we exist (the preferred by Einstein, then improved by Hoyle).

Why this huge difference? Simply speaking, because the physicist, which believes in ‘space’ as the only and fundamental factor of the Universe Tends to order systems and solutions to their equations as space solutions. So the 3 solutions to EFE are for the physicist ‘parallel space Universes’ – one in which space is always in a perpetual big-bang (his interpretation of our Universe), other which is a cyclical form (Black hole solution) and one immortal in eternal steady state.

So simply speaking, physical systems display the same 3 ages of all other systems of the Universe, from big-bang entropic ages, to steady state ages, to black hole crunching.

In that regard among the laws≈symmetries of 5D Time-space applied to all sciences, the most important is the explanation of the life-death world cycle:

Time no longer traces worldlines as in 4D physics, but worldcycles, as it is cyclical and has a new dimension of informative height that ‘curves’ the vital Energy of any being into a cycle.

And further on existence in time happens as a travel through 3 5D ∆±1 planes of space-time, from the seminal i-1 faster plane of existence, to the human i-ndividual plane, as members of the slower i+1 rhythms of nations and civilizations our super organisms, to the conundrum of genetics.

Thus smaller ‘systems’ paradoxically as fractals do hold more information in its faster cycles of time. So they code the larger plane of human existence. In the graph we illustrate those 3 cases showing its co-invariant Sxt parameters.

Now, the 5th dimension is more complex and revealing than all the others, because it explains the life-death cycle of all systems, born in the seminal ∆-1 scale as faster time cycles which enclose a vital energy with faster motions, which reproduce and become waves, planes and topological networks, emerging finally into the ∆-scale of the organism, which in turn will become part of slower, larger social ecosystems.

In relational space-time though solutions to space-time equations are routinely considered time solutions, which vary along a certain ‘time-space parameter’.

**Lineal vs. cyclical vs. social 5D time**

In relativity, the momentum and the energy are the space and time parts of a space-time vector, the four-momentum, and the relativistic invariant relation relates them:

E^{2}/c^{2} – p^{2}= m^{2} c^{2}

which says that the length of this four-vector is proportional to the rest mass *m*.

This of course is ‘time duration’, and so we can related the ‘total volume’ of the time duration or worldcycle of the system, to its Energy and each slice to its momentum. Mass thus become the whole of this worldview of the system, the product of its ‘spatial steps-momentums’ and its whole lineal duration. This physicists describe as the ‘block’ of the worldline of the being.

But in the concept of cyclical time which adds complexity to our analysis, we describe another type of time=change – the internal transformations of the being.

The reader in that regard should understand that the largest possible philosophical conception of time as change has at least those 3 perspectives: change as a lineal translation, and then we can obtain properties derived from classic physics; change as an internal transformation, and then the concept of cyclical time applies.

And finally change as evolution, which ultimately ends up being social d=evolution into wholes or dissolution into parts (Devolution) and then the 5D rules apply.

It is clear to me but likely not to physicists that understanding the cyclical and 5d concepts of time is of more philosophical interest than the lineal concepts associated to p and E.

It of course remains as a huge field of inquire, the proper translation of the entire jargon of physics to 5D, which I have from time to time explored with delightful moments for the mind, but have not published in earnest.

**The proper interpretation of Three EFE solutions. The 3 ages=horizons of the quasar big-bang.**

*The ages of the Universe are 3 formal ages of increasing curvature: an energetic youth (big bang), a reproductive, steady state or big-banging; and a 3rd age of warping information or big crunch, which can be used to study the 3 horizons of any scale of physical matter.*

The 3 ages of the big bang are the 3 EFE solutions to Einstein’s space-time equations, which if we order them in time represent the expansive, steady state and implosive phases of the big-bang cycle of the quasar galaxy.

So the 3 equations show a perfect time symmetry of a worldcycle of a galaxy.

__C) Correspondence with EFE.__ Now, the proper way to explain cyclical big-bangs, in any scale (obviously due to the finding of unusual things) is to postulate a local background radiation – which can be the local cluster, the galaxy itself, the cloud that surrounds the local group (the diatomic Andromeda+Milky Way), or even a microcosmic effect of gravitational red shift by the halo of the galaxy dark matter, likely to be made of strangelets; and we shall consider all those cases with a conceptual approach).

While the proper way to adapt any of those big bangs of a possible galactic quasar is to prove the 3 ages of quasars’ correspondence with Einstein’s EFE.

In this case the parameter is the well known to physicists Cosmological constant which varies around a ±0 value, defining 3 possible ‘ages’ in time of the Universe:

|-Sp: Young, entropic, energetic big-bang age.

œ-ST: Present steady state in which galaxies warp space-energy into cyclical accelerated vortices of time (not other thing is a galaxy than a vortex of gravitational acceleration) while space between them expands.

⊗-Tƒ: Future implosive warping big crunch, which will end in a new big-bang cycle.

The topological description: |xo=Ø, or more accurately in bidimensional terms, when symbols are available in the keyboard: ◊x⊗=œ, whereas ◊ is a bidimensional plane of minimal form, of Spe, with a given kinetic entropy, ⊗, is a bidimensional Tiƒ, a membrane that shrinks into a point of view, with a given angular momentum, and œ, is a reproductive S≈T body wave, which tries to maximise its function of existence, Exi(s=t), reached when both elements S and T are similar in balance (Max. SxT->S=T).

This simple self-repetitive structure in its sheer repetition and interaction for n-particles across ∆±n scales but always in case of order and existence of a super organism, as a self-centred ⊗, point of view, will be used to describe the natural symmetries of all physical systems, though it will only have such a topology in the pure informative states as ‘seeds’ of information, or ‘minds of perception’.

Now it must be stressed that the equations we consider are the same, but the interpretation varies. An astrophysicist considers only an absolute space-time, continuous and hence with a single time solution AND a single-space solution. Hence he will tell you that the Universe is expanding in an ‘accelerated’ way, and will finally become ‘dead’ in an extension.

But this is NOT science but ideology, in the sense that it comes from the ‘Postulate of lineal time’ (latter we shall see how indeed is an ideology proper of the military, since physicists have a worldly profession – to make weapons – and so Galileo, which was truly a professional weapons maker working for the Arsenal of Venice for the princely salary of 1000 golden ducats, dedicated to calculate the longest trajectory of cannonballs as any undergrad student knows with his exercise of 1st course on physics).

And so, this lineal motion bias of the military and its weapons maker (his first book was called ‘military instruments’, his second ‘ballistics’) sips in almost every philosophical concept of physics we shall debunk. In this case physicists ignore as if they were not there, the warping quality of galaxies that crunch the energy of vacuum lineal space into cyclical closed motions called particles and masses, which are according to Einstein’s principle of equivalence and the pictures we obtain of them, accelerated vortices of forces, which balance the accelerated lineal expansion between galaxies to create a steady state Universe.

Moreover, we see that those space-time solutions DO happen in different scales of the fractal space-time Universe, because in 5D fractal, relational space-time, we order the infinite different cycles and arrows-motions of time, and its Still forms in space with a new dimension (this is obvious, if we multiply the number of space-times, we need a new dimension to order them).

So we can see that the SAME Einstein Field equations do describe perfectly the quasar big-bangs of galaxies, even to smaller particles, which also follow the E=Mc^{2} dual explosive and implosive arrows of time.

__E) Experimental evidence.__

And then it comes the big question, since all our observations are ‘local’ (in the surroundings of Earth at best): it is the big-bang equation of Einstein the big bang of our galaxy? Or the big bang of the Universe? It is the map of the local background radiation that of the last cycle of implosion and explosion of our central black hole or the entire Universe exploding?

A detailed mathematical analysis of present cosmology, we will observe surprisingly that the data fits far more properly with a local galactic big-bang quasar cycle NOT with a Universal big bang. And so the last Hoyle’s theory of the big-bang (the sum of quasar big-bangs) is more proper. Some basic proofs are:

– Temporal analysis: French mapping of the cycle of galaxies, whose black holes explode in a 10 to 20 billion period, hence our galaxy should have exploded within that period. Moreover, in as much as there are galaxies, undergoing a second cycle with obvious traces of a previous explosion, 13 billion years for the big bang is too little.

Undoubtedly this is the ‘life time of our galaxy’, not the entire Universe.

– The same goes for the spatial analysis: black holes on the edge of the Universe are too big, for so little time to form, obviously the final remnant of an absorption of the matter of an entire galaxy.

– Shadows of the afterglow. There are no shadows in galaxies, which should be left by remnant explosion coming from the edges of the Universe.

We will bring many more proofs as we update in the future this post.

Thus the big-bang is a metaphysical theory, in which the number of false assumptions, is remarkable (for it to be the ‘mantra’ only-theory of physicists, something I ascribe as most errors of science to the ‘ego paradox – it makes them the high popes of science, the new religious authority on the meaning of it all)

Now I see here a pattern, so often disguised in human scholarship: a power trip or ego trip makes a discipline corrupted from the larger humanist point of view (all sciences must in their praxis serve mankind, the 99%); in this case physicists originated in the mostly white, Germanic culture of weapons and imitated the long swords, agglutinative long words and dogmatic brain of unbreakable false truths, based in visual, lineal, motion oriented, energetic time, of the dolichocephalic, Neanderthal decoupling of mental races of mankind (see cultural and central post). In brief, physics as it is taught today is the worldly religion of mechanical objects, biased to lineal, energetic visions, with some religious dogmas, similar to those of Shiva and Thor, the Indo-European Brahmins and druids of their earlier cult to motion and weapons.

Fair enough. And in brief terms: I have always fought physicists’ lineal, entropy theories and their weapons both in my theoretical and activist life, for those who know about it. They won those battles with the usual suspect methods (censorship, silence on cyclical time analysis and ad hominem campaigns against anti-nuclear activism). so cyclical time does not matter today, and the nuclear industry keeps working at CERN to produce black holes and strangelets on earth and blow us all.

The problem though is not as Smolin put it of ‘physics’ so much as of Physicists, like Durrenmatt well expressed on his theatre work. This said because physics is part of the Universe and a huge, large quantity of it, but NOT the most interesting in terms of information, due to its uncertainties of distance to man – which can learn more about the game of existence by studying its closer organisms, cells, individuals and historic societies; we do have to study physics.

But we are always under the boot of the worldly profession, the power of physicists, the lineal bias of entropy theories, and the uncertainty of remote scales to man (dark energy-matter in cosmology, uncertain measure in small beings bombed and hence interfered by the observer), which ALLOWS physicists to invent biased spooky theories, bending their information and disrespecting the E=Mc³ 5 postulates of truth of the scientific method (Experimental evidence, Minimalist simplicity, Coherence, Correspondence and Cyclical predictability).

In the cosmological world, we observe an order of time similar to that of life and the quantum world, both experimentally in the process of evolution of stars and galaxies and mathematically in Einstein’s metric equations of Universal space-time.

There are 2 space-time membranes, and since both are made of Entropy and form, both follow the 3 ages of time in its evolution. In gravitational physics, the 3 ages of gravitational space-time are defined by relativity. Those 3 ages are mathematically equivalent to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s space-time equations.

*
*

*All systems are a sum of quantic cycles that absorb, emit and transform spatial energy into temporal information: SP*≈Tƒ

**General relativity a fast over view. The symmetry of relativity in time, the 3 ages of EFE.**

The 3 ages of time in cosmology applies to EFE’s (Einstein’s field equations) 3 main solutions *3 *hypothetical *different Universes, they represent the structure of any space-time, including our galaxy, an island Universe through its 3 ages.*

It is also possible to make a complex mathematical treatment of the 3 ages of galactic systems: the 1st age of the system will be the Entropy age, the 3rd age the information age, and the middle age is one of balance, Sp=Tƒ, when the reproduction of most particles took place. We are in that period.

*– Max. Sp (Youth): *The Entropy age is Lemaitre’s big bang solution that expands space. *This solution in the fractal model of space-time applies only to the vacuum space between galaxies.*

*-Sp=Tƒ; *The steady state Universe is Einstein’s solution. It applies to the entire Universe.

*– Max. Tƒ: *Kerr’s solution of a rotary black hole, which is the third age of an implosive Universe that reverses time coordinates as matter falls back into the central Worm Hole of any space-time.

However because time space fractal and dual, while those solutions in a wider outlook will be applied successively to each age of the Universe, they are also applied in space to the fractal parts of the whole. Thus the big-bang solution applies to the intergalactic space, which astrophysicists study and erroneously apply to the entire Universe (given their dogma of a single continuous space-time).

The informative* solution applies to our galaxy. *But it does not mean a travel backward in time but an informative vortex, a cyclical clock of time – the galaxy *in which we exist with an arrow of information *different from the expansive arrow of the intergalactic space of dark Entropy and tired light.

And so we get adding all the expansive motions of intergalactic space and the implosive vortices of galactic mass, a relative balance that is the present steady state applied to the whole; since in each phase of reality all yangs have some yin and all yings seed of yang.

__Its Universal ratios/constants of Entropy and form.__

In the space-time of the Universe, in the same manner that any other three ages can be related by the different ratios of Entropy and information or vital constants of a being, those three ages are defined mathematically by the constant of action that relates the Entropy and information of the Universal space-time, Lambda & G.

Indeed, the constants of any system are ratios of transformation of the Entropy and form of any system, I/E=K or proportions of Entropy and form, Exi=K. Thus constants evolve and change as the Entropy and information of a system changes with time. In biology, is known that vital constants, change as an organism gets old and becomes wrinkled and warped, increasing its information and diminishing its capacity to process Entropy, changing its metabolic constants and speed of information/thought.

Dirac, Brans-Dicke, and others understood this in cosmology. Indeed, G is a ratio of the mass=information and Entropy= distance of a system. And we already saw how a change on those ratios allowed us to unify and measure the Entropy and form of the 3 membranes of the Universe (strong, gravitational and light forces).

A kind of cosmic repulsive force was first hypothesized by Albert Einstein in 1917 and was represented by a term, the “cosmological constant,” that Einstein reluctantly introduced into his theory of general relativity in order to counteract the attractive force of gravity and account for a universe that was assumed to be static (neither expanding nor contracting). As usual first intuitions are the best and indeed THE COSMOLOGICAL constant, in a fractal Universe, where space expands entropically and cyclical time vortices implode, DO represent exactly what Einstein meant – the expansive force of space that balances the contraction of the galactic vortices of the galaxies-atoms to maintain the entire 5D plane of cosmology in a dynamic balance.* *

In the equations of Einstein that define the three ages of a galactic space-time and perhaps an entire Universe, that relationship is given by the cosmological constant that measures the Entropy of the gravitational vacuum, l, which Nottale used to measure the minimal fractal quanta of gravitational Entropy. The constant changes with the 3 ages of any fractal space-time or island Universe. In a young, expanding space, l is positive, but so close to zero that it easily* becomes negative, causing a *warping or big crunch. And so l will also change through the 3 ages or *solutions of Einstein’s equation, till reaching the informative age of the galaxy in which we exist. *

*Recap. *The 3 ages of the Universe correspond to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s equations: The young big-bang; the reproductive, steady state or big-banging and the cyclical, informative age, occurring in BLACK holes – Kerr’s solution. They apply in space to the expanding space, imploding, galactic vortex and both together create the present balanced steady state.

So the core of astrophysics is the understanding of the world cycles of physical systems in time and its organic structure in space.

Let us then introduce that organic structure in space, symmetric to its ages in time.

**The 5D model of the cosmos in space – the organic structure of galaxies.**

Now the 5D model of the fractal, organic Universe, does not deny Einstein, it merely expands its views, and adds fractal organic properties to the galaxy explaining better the function of those black holes, its atomic substance and working according to the known-known facts of astrophysics, in which black holes have come to dominate most of the creative processes of the galaxy. In that regard, you can compare the galaxy to a cell in a much larger scale, with mitochondria stars, of light yd-matter which end up being devoured and becoming the energy for the creation of black holes, the informative vortices, equivalent to the DNA, that swarm in huge numbers in the centerl nuclei and control its shape and provoke the reproduction of stars, with its in-formative gravitational waves.

Einstein had asked for a cut-off substance, or ‘atom of black holes’, which he could not guess at the time as quarks had not been found, but now we hint that black holes are as he thought ‘frozen stars’ of the heaviest quark families (bct quarks), and that should be the ‘realist modeling’ of black holes. As those quarks will appear in increasing numbers in accelerators, which are crossing the dark matter barrier is very likely they will be produced on those accelerators, in any of its possible varieties of dark matter that range from strangelets (s-quarks) to toplets (TTT-quarks), through Higgs decay (H->Top and anti top).

Now, all this in mathematical physics implies a constant growth of the mass of the black hole along the equation that relates the temperature and mass of a black hole: M=k/T, that is as the black hole cools down, it converts via the weak force, lighter matter into heavier quarks that increase its volume and hence its area.

The last great advances in classic black hole theory were done by Kerr, a new Zealander which defined rotary black holes with or without charge. Those would be the top quark frozen stars with positive charge and the same density at macro-scale than a black hole acting as a relative ‘proton’ acts in an atom in the center of the galaxy. While the halo should be made of strangelet quarks (negative charged), acting in this symmetry between the 3 families of mass and 3 regions of the galaxy, as a relative negative ‘electron’ cover, with the ud-stars and planets in the middle, as seen in the next graph:

*In the graph the ‘sane’ understanding of black holes, which are born exceedingly hot and active, as all ‘seminal species’ in a lower scale of size, on the **compton wavelength as a heavy quark particle, and the similar form of the halo of strange matter. this simple scheme, following Einstein’s search for cut off substances for black holes and Witten hypothesis of a halo made of strangelets, now again all the rage in astrophysics (but simply denied by the self-produced safety documents at CERN, who merely say ‘stranglets do not exist), is the most likely structure of galaxies, as it follows all the natural symmetries and efficient, economic laws of Nature (Ockham’s razor). The author has further developed in his work on the scalar fractal nature of the Universe ordered by a ‘5th dimension’ of relative scales, those concepts in his work on astrophysics.*

Now the previous graph with its ternary elements, the Halo-membrane of maximal extension in space, which leaves energy and information enter through a cyclical space-time region, the plane of stars, towards a centre of information, is the fundamental system of the Universe, already described by Descartes, who said all is made of res extensa (space), cyclical vortices of timespace and a central point of reference that measures reality or ‘mind’.

So indeed, all can be seen as we have observed in different graphs, such structure. So the galaxy (and the similar atom with its electronic cover, centred nucleus of mass, and intermediate space-time where forces of gravitation and electromagnetism are constantly exchanged) we have just described logically IS not only the fundamental particle of physics, but the fundamental entity of any biological, social system – the key to the unification and understanding of the Universe, as a whole and all its parts, self-centered entities of time-space that put together create the puzzle of the Universe.

The DNA invaginates with Golgi conducts the vital cytoplasm it exploits, surrounded by the faster membrane of proteins, which act in its formal position as a membrane. The magnetic field surrounds the charge and encloses the vital space of electromagnetic fields the charges controls. So happens with a planet protected by its magnetic field that steams out of the central charge and surrounds it. And the galaxy has in its center a black hole.

And it is surrounded by a halo of dense fast rotating strangelet quarks, so the stars and planets within it will become converted into black holes in Nova explosions or strangelets, when the Physicist, duly programmed to extinguish the species according to the Fermi paradox, busy-busy recreates the big bang on Earth (yes I know to be more popular, I should not remember you of this, so you can wonder on the halls of knowledge unaware of the entropic motions of the Universe, but as Mr. Descartes, the very unpopular frozen philosopher would put it ‘c’est la vie’, what is at stakes here, not only the stifled knowledge of the mind, granted if you keep on reading).

Thus ‘Lineal Space, Es’, energy means an expansive motion that ‘extends space’, a planar lineal motion that we see as static space, as dimensions of length and width, or as an explosive decelerating motion.

Now that we know the fundamental difference between ‘open space’ and cyclical time, we can move onto the second fundamental principle of ‘physical sciences’, the Principle of relativity. Again, here a mathematician Poincare defined it at the same time that Einstein, and on my view more clearly, when he said that ‘we cannot distinguish motion from stillness’. And this is enormously important.

Now, once we had the ‘solutions’ (Kerr black holes), the study of those holes was limited by the c-speed turning event horizons, which ‘absorbed’ the light of electromagnetic matter after exploding it, and ‘digested’ it via the weak force, creating heavier particles. But the maths were worked out by Christodoulou:

‘He had shown that no process whose ultimate outcome is the capture of a particle by a Kerr black hole can result in the decrease of a certain quantity which he named the irreducible mass of the black hole, M . In fact, most processes result in an increase in M, with the exception of a very special class of limiting processes, called reversible processes, which leave M unchanged.

It turns out that M, is proportional to the square root of the black hole’s area.”

(Bekenstein)

Now is interesting to notice that in the centre of a kerr hole, the speed is faster than light, and that in the last seminal paper of Einstein, he proved that black holes would NOT exist if the c-speed was an absolute limit, because on the event horizon its gravitational vortex had to cross the barrier of c-speed to be stable. Einstein thus deduced black holes did not exist to conserve his principle of c-speed as the limit of the Universe. But we know now that beyond galaxies c-speed is not a limit. This physicists dismiss saying that space expands and so it is space what goes faster than light. Sophism. 5D merely states that beyond galaxies, light dies, becomes dark energy space and expands-moves faster than c-speed. And that beyond the c-horizon, mass goes faster than c-speed in the accelerated vortex, M2 x w3 = K, which is what a mass is, and so it becomes top quarks, whose awesome mass seems to respond precisely to that faster than light attractive power (the faster a vortex turns, obviously the more it attracts as in hurricanes and bath tubs).

So it is all clear and nice, regardless of what ‘language you prefer’, that of 4D Einstein or 5D. As all is obeying the laws of symmetry and Relativity of the Universe (call it Einstein’s relativity or Absolute relativity, its expansion in 5D) :

Mass cannot decrease in black holes, either stays or increases as it cools down and absorbs matter. And since mass ‘occupies’ volume, unless increasing its density and the *black hole is the maximal density of mass in the Universe so it cannot grow further in density, the growth of mass is strictly proportional to the area. As mass is a scalar and area bidimensional this is a square root proportionality.*

**The classic study of 4D metric black holes (Einstein) and its 5D expansion.**

In that sense Relativity theory is adamant: black holes are informative vortices, ruled by the principle of equivalence between acceleration and gravitational masses, turning at c-speed and beyond inside the event horizon (as vortices accelerated inwards), where light ceases to exist.

This is what the rotational kerr black holes ‘metric’ tell us: light and electromagnetic matter dies away, and through its axis, it is reborn in a jet of matter, which we see coming out of cosmic black holes. In 5D, these jets are jets of dark energy, repulsive gravitation that expands space between galaxies seeing as an acceleration of interstellar space, likely at faster than light, with no visual information, hence dark. So the world cycle of galaxies and quasars, is balanced by the creation of mass towards the centre of galaxies and the expansion of dark energy on its perpendicular ‘tall axis’.

Yet those models based in the dual arrows of time, which explain the nature of dark energy, and the expansion of the universe, do not contradict the understanding of black holes perfectly explained in the work of Einstein. He called them frozen stars, and he said they needed a substance to be real, or else he couldnt believe on them. The substance was found with the discovery of quarks, as black holes have the density of the densest, cbt quarks, which should therefore form an atom similar to our light ud-atom but with much more mass. Einstein died before quark theory appeared, so he was opposed till death to his existence. Because obviously without a smaller ‘fractal space-time part’, the whole of a larger social scale of the 5th dimension cannot exist.

But in the ‘interregnum’, physicists with nothing else to do, took those black holes, as they were impossible to study directly, as the perfect ‘blackboard’ to invent ever more bizarre theories of imaginary physics, and Hawking theory of black holes as time machines that travel to the past, took by storm the imagination of sci-fi aficionados. Specially after he came in star trek, seating with Einstein and Newton, (never a humble guy), as if he was the 3rd of the triad of absolute masters of physics. And yet the funny thing is that people didn’t realise of his egomaniac nature, its celebrity status, its sci-fi fans followers, in brief, the smart but completely faked nature of his imaginary black holes – the first name he put to the Foramen Nigrus Hawkoni, where he decided black holes would not obey gravitation equations but quantum equations, which *are not equations that apply to cyclical vortex of mass, but to lineal electromagnetic, entropic forces. And once you affirm out of the hat that black holes are NOT gravitational objects but electromagnetic species, you can invent all kind of weird effects like entropy for them.*

Effects, for which there is no need at all. Since black holes were perfectly described with the equations of 4D space-time of Einstein (EFE), as solutions that create a vortex of accelerated mass creation (principle of equivalence between mass and acceleration), reversing the ‘entropy’ of lineal electromagnetism, and balancing the Universe of mass and energy, becoming the other side of the E/c=Mc equation of ‘big bangs’ and ‘big crunches’.

Black hole thus are the vortex of temporal information, with its in-form-ative, gravitational force that balanced the expansive entropy of electromagnetism and dark energy. And we lived in one such vortex of information -reason why the information of this planet constantly increase, as it does the form, the information of the galaxy.

**III. THE SCALES OF BIG-BANGS. **

**THE AGES OF EXISTENCE.**

The duality particle-future, past-antiparticle duality IS essentially the ‘life-arrow, death-arrow ‘duality of time events and as such is a huge field of new interpretations of all kind of events and particles, which often means to re-interpret a spatial very fast ‘resonance’ particle, into a time event of particle-antiparticle, life-death transition (mesons for example are death events, in which a particle-antiparticle in time dies; annihilations of particles – antiparticles can on the other hand be interpreted as spatial dualities or temporal events).

And this brings us to a fundamental new insight on all fields of sciences, but specially those fields of the lower ∆-1 scales where clocks of time according to 5 D metric are much faster, and so often we see as we see fast turning wheels as solid space, fast time events as spatial events. Among them, the most important re:

-Particle-antiparticle death events, seen as mesons or spatial collisions.

– Ternary ages of systems, color forces and weak forces seen a spatial gauging interactions.

– And generally any phenomenon that happens in small ranges in space and slow time, which is a transformative event not a gauging spatial force. And any space-formal, fixed system with no relative motion, which tends to adopt a spherical, gauging-informative state.

There is though besides the straighten up of the errors of physics regarding its space-time symmetries a more general analysis of great beauty, which consists in the translation of the ‘Ages of the Big-bang’, which latter we will study in detail, and ascribe to the most likely scale of Galactic matter, which explains how from the most energetic Higgs-top quark-black hole fields, through the ‘breaking of symmetry’, all other forces and particles are born.

But what means the breaking of symmetry in terms of the Generator equation? It is quite simple, when we understand that ‘Energy field’ as the synonymous of the Sp, entropic simpler past motions of all systems of reality which start a process of social evolution that implies an increasing of order and a diminishing quantity of energy-information available as we grow in scales. The breaking of symmetry means merely the growth of those scales and its eusocial evolution into different new social systems that are efficient and respond to the metric of the 5th dimension, as they slow down the clocks of time and enlarge the surface of space of the Universe, in new planes of existence, which obey the metric of the 5th dimension L=Sp x Tƒ.

Yet since the big-bang is the death NOT the birth of the most perfect form of the Universe a hyper-black hole (as its equations are the inverse equations to the metric of a black hole), we do NOT increase the speed of Tƒ-clocks (as it will happen in the bi crunch), reducing the Sp size of the system, as in an arrow of information, and life Max. Tƒ x Min. Sp = L, but in an inverse fashion each of the epochs of he big-bang and the subsequent differentiation of physical species into forms of larger space and slower time clocks represents precisely the entropic death of the Universe from the form of max. energy, the hyper black hole, likely made of top quarks and Higgs fields.

So first the Higgs field (spatial element), and top-bottom quarks (particle element), decreased its speed of motion, likely to be an inflaton, superluminal c-motion and rotary T-motion (given the enormous mass of the top quark, its clocks of time must be between 10 and 100 times faster than those of our matter), which as it expanded and cool down (temperature is not a proper measure of frequency and order, only for thermodynamic systems, but physicists use it to describe high frequency=high temperature, lineal time clocks), freezing into a series of new planes of the 5th dimension, creating in each plane a new Sp<ST>Tƒ, type of field quanta, wave-form and dominant particle.

So after the top quark black hole and Higgs field of super-luminal dark energy and information, expanded at superluminal speeds in a fraction of time (Min. Tƒ x Max. Sp) during the Inflaton epoch, the quark gluon soup started the production of slower=lighter Tƒ-articles (t-> b-> c-> s-> d ->u quark decays through the strong force), and slower=more informative bosons:

-> Higgs (o spin) ->Neutrino (1/2 spin) -> Photon (1 spin); in a series of growing entropy ages which ended in the recombination era, in which the entropy growing ‘death’ finally finished, when the system had created enough up and down and electron quarks in a dual sea of neutrinos and photons, which started now the opposite arrow of evolution of matter, giving birth to atoms, stars and in its furnaces new elements of higher mass, while the galaxy acquired its structure, with a central black hole of remnant top quarks, a halo of strange quarks survivors of the quark gluon soup, in stable forms (dibaryons, strangelets), and an intermediate region of ud matter, first in plasma state and then as the galaxy reached its present form in stars and planets.

Thus the evolution of the galaxy and perhaps the Universe, depending on which scale we observe the big-bang (a quasar big-bang or a cosmic big-bang, which we shall soon discuss), is just part of the eternal cycles of creation and destruction of mass and energy, the worldcycle of physical systems, between the arrow of life and death, perfectly resumed in those ‘Universal constants of action’ for each scale, which in the cosmic scale amounts to E<c=>M back and forth worldcycles of big-bangs and big crunches of energy into mass, and to similar detailed events in every other scales, in the quantum scale to E<v> H and in the thermodynamic scale to E < ST > PV, in the particle scale, Beta Decay –<-> Electron capture, in the star scale Nova<-> Star formation, in the galactic scale, quasar big bang < -> Galactic evolution.

It is worth to notice though that the process of formation of the Tƒ element are slow life processes of aggregation, so for example galactic evolution goes through the first nebulae age, the spiral galaxy and the globular galaxy till all matter is swallowed by the black hole, which then dies in a quasar big-bang of a few moment, and Mass aggregation goes lumping molecular matter in slow gas->liquid->solid crystal growth cycles of life to become destroyed in a brief moment by fire or nuclear explosion. So it also follows that all physical systems obey the inversion of the zero sum between life and death such as life arrow:

Max. Tƒ x Min. S (lasting long in time in reduced space) Vs. Death arrow= Max. S x Min. Tƒ (lasting short in time in a long spread of space).

Of which the clearest example is the big-bang big life cycle of the Universe, as the big-bang, if certain, lasted a quanta of Planck time in which the inflaton Universe expanded enormously in space (min. Tƒ = Max. Sp= death), while the process of evolution and formation of matter, stars and galaxies has lasted 14 billion years.

**Big bang as entropic deaths in the isomorphic fractal spaces.**

*When physical systems, masses or charges on the atomic or cosmological level, die, their Sp x Tƒ elements split, as in all processes of death (separation of ‘head and body’ in life organisms): their temporal, gravitational or electromagnetic central knot of information jets out in the dimension of height and their intermediate space expands into a membrane of spatial radiation. In the big bang a hyper-black hole exploded and its Entropy gave birth to our Universe. *

*Stars produce big-bangs that show clearly the breaking apart of its informative/energetic regions: a flat toroid expands most of the mass of its toroid, reproductive inner region and a perpendicular, magnetic jet (right side) expels its central superfluid, informative zone. While in atomic, smaller worlds, charges transform its information into a bidimensional plane of light-space, c ^{2}, in a process defined by Einstein’s equation: E=Mc^{2}.*

The gravitational faster than light big bang resolves the mystery of the inflationary age, now canonical in cosmology. Moreover it follows the general isomorphisms of ‘death processes’ of multiple spaces and times theory. Since death is the most *expansive, spatial process of erasing of information, Max. Sp=Min.Tƒ, it* happens in a relative zero time – the minimal time of the system, when information dies and expands into a relative bidimensional sheet of space.

So we *die in a second, our time clock* that is the minimal unit of time of the human being (thought, blink of the eye, heart beat) and suddenly we become a ‘relative flat’ surface of Entropy (corpse, extended into a flat space). So it does the gravitational Universe, whose death happens in the tick of Planck’s time, the minimal action/vibrational time of its string units.

*Indeed, death is anti-symmetric to life, an arrow that has no intermediate states and lasts minimal time:* a transformation of information into Entropy happens in the relative zero time of each scale: from novae to atomic bombs, to universes, to human death.

Further on, since a vortex of physical, gravitational time is paradoxically faster, more massive, informative, the smaller it is, the faster gravitational big bang started in the smallish vortex of mass-time, the Planck mass/density/time-tick, he aptly called the ‘numbers of God’; since it was the hyper-black hole ‘brain’ of the previous organic Universe, whose reproductive radiation gave birth to our huge Universe. Only the inverted properties of time and space, information and Entropy, explain it.

T.Œ, theoretically has no limit on the fastest possible time clocks of information and smallest space-times of the universe. So there might be big-bangs in all sizes and scales, yet all of them will be likely the equivalent of , the dual death of a black hole or neutron mass, splitting into a positive and negative ‘solution’ to the square function of energy of a system.

In the graph the real big-bang is dual. It is the explosion of a black hole, which is a top quark star that breaks the symmetry of its Sp and Tƒ functions, emitting its Tƒ-mass through its axis and its entropic field of radiation through its planar equator.

In this first age, the Universe or Galaxy’s black hole died in an explosion of gravitational waves (the equivalent to neutrino waves in the beta decay and nova explosion, latter considered in more detail), whose enormous energy moved forward the top quarks of the galaxy, decaying fast into strange quarks, which are the only stable heavy quarks at vacuum pressure, forming the atoms of dark matter called dibaryons (Usd-usd hexaquarks).

We are dealing here with the strongest most stable combination of quarks, as the hexagon is a perfect bidimensional pi-closed form of space, where a 3=6 radius diameter, can close completely a ‘geodesic’ elliptical halo, protecting as proteins protect the cell, the galaxy from external influences.

This is the cover of dark mater of the galaxy in perfect symmetry between its 3 families of mass and its 3 organic parts, latter studied in more detail.

For the cosmic atom it would be a much faster process, hypothesized to arise from cosmic inflation, a faster-than-light expansion just after the big Bang – only that we do NOT have the particles that could do that, because the top quark has enough job to expand a black hole with its neutrino, high energy wave and its front of fast decaying top-bottom-charm-Stable strangelet dibaryons, to the size of the galaxy.

The numbers do NOT work for further, faster, expansion. And 5D physics DO NOT speculate. It is a simple, efficient, minimalist theory of reality constructed only with available particles.

Now, we have recently discovered a ttt particle of 700 plus GB, which physicists are clueless about, ignoring what it is, but it has all the aspect of being a triplet top quark, which I prophesized 20 years ago would be the central ‘boson’ substance of the black hole, ‘gas-9’.

In this phase, the quark gluon liquid didn’t cool as physicists think (they still call it plasma 🙂 but exactly the opposite since the little-bang is the DEATH of a black hole of perfect order into entropy, so all is exactly the other way around as the experiments at CERN are constantly proving.

And so it is now when the first ± c-speed symmetry creation NOT symmetry breaking takes place, separating the interior of the galaxy-atom at < c speed, from the interior of the remaining ‘proton’-black hole, smaller than the original neutron-hyper black hole, with the strange quark halo, rotating at relative c-speed in each small strangelet vortex, acting as the protein that isolates the galaxy, and causes the ‘solidity’ of the whole galaxy which – physicists still observe with awe – does NOT work as an unconnected spiral, but thanks to that 96% of dark matter, ahs the exact rigidity of any organic solid system, from a cell to your liquid organism surrounded b a hard solid membrane-skin:

in the graph, all systems follow the same developmental ages. The explosion of the big-bang which will feed a new galaxy according to the cycle of ‘barred galaxies’ as ours, implies an inflationary age of expansion of the ‘membrane’, which through gravitational waves with a halo of strange quarks and a background of ‘neutrinos’ would fast expand the dark matter heavy membrane to the limits of the galaxy, while the slower front of electromagnetic radiation, which does not penetrate so fast, would go behind, leaving as it progresses and cools down a process of confinement of lighter quarks into hadrons and nucleons.

Ahead, the Higgs, faster than light boson (or rather ‘above’) as the explosion would split perpendicular ‘faster than like, asymmetric jets’, and planar waves of matter in different fashion, given the different polarization of neutrino waves and electromagnetic ones, would push away the remnant energy.

However cosmologists invent a…

Quark-antiquark Period?

So next, without understanding the past-future duality of quarks-antiquarks, cosmologists thought the universe, which consisted mostly of energy in the form of neutrinos and photons given the enormous energy density of the big bang of the black hole, the cosmos-galaxy would exist as a collection of quarks and antiquarks along with their exchange particles, a state which has been described as a “superhot plasma of anti-quarks and quarks, annihilating”. This time period is estimated at 10‾³² seconds to 10^{‾5} seconds, which would provoke through that annihilation another big bang (cosmology is full of big explosions).

Now 20 years ago, when I first copyrighted 5D physics I affirmed it would be a quark-gluon cold superfluid soup, a perfect time vortex of under zero temperature, since:

– Temperature is a measure of entropic disorder applied only to this side of the universe and to thermodynamic, molecular world.

– Inside the black hole there is a top quark star in solid or superfluid states of boson perfect form.

– The anti-quark is the death moment of the quark that last only a second and so it is not the state of the anti-atom entropic big-bang which would produce a massive wave of quarks, decaying from top into dibaryon strangelets that would form the halo.

And here is where 5d physics proved itself in 2008 when they made a perfect liquid at RHIC.

But then I sued the entre global community of physicists, because next they could provoke a strangelet ice-9 reaction and blow up the Earth. So I never was accepted in any forum of physicists again.

What happens then? A basic cycle of creation of all organic, complementary systems:

*Singularity-> Big bang (death) ->Entropy Sheet->*

*Informative Reproduction (Big-banging of particles) ->*

*Social evolution (Creation of stars and galactic networks)*

They are the phases of creation of the Universe. In complex models of morphogenesis, informative evolutionary phases in time alternate with reproductive radiations in space, creating a fractal rhythm of biological radiations and punctuated evolution proper of physical, biological and cultural systems:

*Max. TƑ (Evolution)->Max. ST (Reproduction)->Max.Tƒ(evolution).*

That rhythm applied to any system and fractal scale means that we observe the alternation of those 2 phases in any organic process of physical/biological creation, a big bang & a big banging:

*-Big bangs*: The singularity/seminal egg explode their energetic membrane in a micro-time period (big bang, creation of a cellular egg, etc.). Then it continues its expansion at a slower rate as it grows in complexity inwards, invaginating and creating its energetic and informative networks (invagination of dark Entropy in the Universe and electromagnetic membranes controlled by them, of the nervous system and the blood system it controls in the fetus).

*-Big bangings:* In the big banging phases, news informative particles/cells are evolved around those 2 forces/networks and then they start a massive age of reproduction or ‘biological radiation’.

The alternation of those two processes slowly builds a living being and a Universe masterminded by two networks around which new particles/cells and social groups of those particles/cells of increasing complexity are born.

Thus, in the inflationary Universe, explained in organic terms, a minimal, cyclical black hole vortex of the size of a string with the density of Planck and its constants of God created a first gravitational big bang, reproducing=multiplying into 10^{11 }fractal regions of dark Entropy and quark matter in 10^{-43} sec.

Each gravitational bubble gave birth to a 2^{nd} big bang of *fractal beta-decays, in which nucleons expanded, dying into protons and electrons (cyclical, informative big-bang), while *light-membranes of electromagnetic radiation warped the gravitational dark Entropy giving birth to an age of light.

This dual process expanded the regions of cyclical time/mass (as neutrons exploded into beta-decays) and imploded the regions of dark Entropy (as light warped the minimal information of gravitational strings), creating protons, electrons and light in 10^{10-11 }parallel future galactic regions.

Then the process reversed as the fractal regions of mass imploded into galaxies and the dark Entropy between them tired light and expanded, but both processes remain in balance, so the present universe is in a steady, mature state without expanding or imploding when we add the implosive galactic vortices and the explosive regions between them.

The Webb telescope, by solving the relative size of the big bang and the type of hierarchical scales the organic universe displays, will determine the experimental details of those processes. If the Webb telescope observes in its 13 billion years limit a landscape of galaxies similar to the ones of our cosmic region, it means the fractal universe extends to a relative infinity; as each galaxy is self-similar to an atom of the Universal scale, whose size is astonishingly huge. Some theories hint to that concept:

– Relativists model the Universe with Einstein-Walker equations in which each galaxy is treated as a hydrogen atom. This theoretical trick that facilitates the calculus of relativity shows the self-similarity between a hydrogen atom and a Galaxy of the upper scale. Each point of the electron nebulae is a star of the upper scale. If so, each proton is a positive, central Kerr black hole. And alternatively each +Kerr black hole is a hadron made of positive top quarks. And the gravitational waves of dark Entropy expelled by black holes are equivalent to the magnetic fields of protons.

An alternative model considers that each star is self-similar to a photon, While the electron nebulae that surrounds the atom is equivalent to a nebulae of strange, quark stars, the halo of the galaxy; since strangelets are negative (strangeness is negative).

So protons are self-similar black holes (top quark stars). The halo is made of strangelet stars as the Earth will be soon (and we are indeed close to the Halo). And stars are neutral, light photons.

Cosmologists use models of electronic nebulae to describe the behavior of stars around the central black hole; and some have tried models with high-density photons.

Yet self-similarity is not identity. So what we call quantum cosmology requires a fractal formulation to make sense; NOT the use of quantum equations as if they were identical, but the logic of fractals to observe the self-similarities of those scales.

What else can we know, we human beings, dust of space-time about the infinite Universe? Not much more, because if there is a higher fractal scale and galaxies are self-similar to atoms, the extension of that scale will be so vast that we shall never find its limits. Indeed, in our Universe there are trillions of atoms and so if there are trillions of self-similar galaxies, the maximal perception we can have is that of a local structure within that Universe.

This philosophical view will be far more appealing than a mere big bang of a cellular Universe for metaphysical reasons:

– A Universe in which the two self-similar scales of quantum and cosmological vortex of space-time (charges and masses) are truly self-similar is truly infinite in space and infinite in scales of temporal information and complexity. Then we, humans are really nothing but a mush over a corner of the Universe. But in second thoughts, such structure means that we humans are also all, as each of us has infinite Universes within his self.

– While size is absolutely relative and so our position on those scales doesn’t matter, we are an incredibly complex fractal structure of Entropy and information, which in the fractal models of biology needs 10 membranes of space-time to be described. Hence, even if our size is minimal our *informative complexity is astonishing; and we are from the perspective of the arrow of information, one of the supreme beings of creation.*

This is not the case in a single big-bang theory where only Entropy and size matters; so we are nothing but dust of space-time.

*Recap*: The big bang in any scale of reality is the death of a previous physical informative knot of matter, which expands in space and then starts a creative and reproductive process or big banging.

**The unknowns in the cosmological scale.**

Now the reader will observe that we put an interrogation in all the symmetries of the cosmological scale, since contrary to belief the big-bang theory is NOT proved, likely to be only a false hypothesis, based in lineal physics, the religious power ego-trip of physicists who think they ‘know better’ and the study of their planes of the 5D are more important than those of zoologists, doctors or historians.

The contrary is truth, as the Universe is isomorphic, the scales of 5D a relative infinite and so it does not matter which scale we study, what matters is the sale we get more information from, which is the human scale – so it will give us a more complete vision of the Existential game, and the scale that a praxis makes more useful to mankind which is again the human scale.

In brief medicine not astrophysics should be the central science in a properly evolved scientific culture, base din the thorough unit of the Universe and the philosophy of science that studies it.

If there is a higher cosmological observable, the big bang in any case would be not the birth but the death of the previous Universe.

Its present description would need to be corrected to fit it nicely on a higher scale of the Universe, which will then have a non-local simultaneous ‘cellular structure’ in space, to allow for simultaneous communication of its parts with a 10c hyper gravitational force, and transversal gravitational waves, within the model of the galaxy atom.

And it will have a temporal evolution described by the epochs of the big-bang, which only will represent its entropic youth, coupled with the other 2 solutions of EFE (steady state and final big-crunch), but within a much larger time-span and size.

**∆±3: THE GALACTIC UNIVERSE AND ITS LIGHT SPACE-TIME MEMBRANE**

So what do ‘astrophysics truly be studying’? Obviously the next duality of scales of matter in which the degree of knowledge is high by experimental evidence; the Galaxy and the atom. And the correspondence between both which in 5d metric show the same equations, as a gravitational vortex, a galaxy and an electromagnetic vortex an atom have the same 5D structure albeit with a 10 up to 40 difference of curvature-attractive power, size and speed of its time clocks.

As we will study the atom on the scales of matter, beyond the deduction of the Unification equation of charges and masses we shall study the ∆+3 galactic scale and its upper and lower elements, its ‘Universal ecosystem’ and solar cells:

- ∆+2: Solar Systems
- ∆+3: Galaxies
- ∆+4: Universes.

Thus astrophysics studies for each of those ascending planes, its 5D Scalar Asymmetry, its Spatial symmetry an its Time Ages, written in the first lines of this post; where the Galaxy is the Œ-system we study, the cosmos, the unknown larger scale we hardly perceive due to the uncertainty of being inside the galaxy with minimal perception of dark energy and dark matter, whose nature we shall tackle first, and finally its ∆+2 units, stars, which, are the Human world we know better.

5D PHYSICS thus studies those scales with the linguistic isomorphic method, starting with the study of the 5D co-existing organic structure of the specific Œ, the galaxy, thus comparing it in its functions and forms to a cellular system – the most researched organic whole in human sciences.

Then once this co-existing structures are lay down with DNA black holes on the center, mitochondrial stars reproducing the substances of galaxies and halos of dark matter likely to be strangelet matter by symmetry with the 3 families of mass on the protein membrane, we can study each of the ages of evolution of the galaxy, which will be parallel to those of the cosmic big-bang now reduced to a quasar process of reversal birth and extinction of central black holes.

And then we shall study through all those ages the evolution of its smaller parts to focus finally in the ∆-1 scale of stars of which the planet we live in is a relative membrane. Finally all this can be and will be mathematized in the 3rd and 4th lines when we expand the model to its quantitative isomorphisms (universal constants, class relationships, actions of space-time, variations and subspecies, etc.)

**The scales of big-bangs**

So let us now introduce 5D physics, with its alternative analysis of the big bang and the structure of the galaxy according to the Generator equation of the galaxy, mimetic to all other generators and its symmetries in space, time ages and scales.

__The scales of big-bangs. The quasar big-bang.__

In the graph, the scalar ‘big-bang’ at 4 levels: an electron, which in a Beta Decay explodes into an electron, radiation and a proton, and the similar inverse, nova that leaves behind a neutron star.

So when they had almost convinced NASA to send a probe to measure it, they found it was local, as most other if not ALL the features of that radiation.

Multiple space-times imply the existence of multiple big-bangs with different explosive size and speeds, all of them deaths of an informative mass or charge that uncoils its accelerated vortex into radiation following Einstein’s equation, E=M(c)2, where a bidimensional or tridimensional vortex (M or e) becomes extended into a plane of radiation (hence the square of lineal c-speed).

Yet for each different scale the parameters of speed (c), mass (M) and Entropy will change. And so we obtain a series of self-similar big-bangs described in the graph.

The single cosmic big-bang based in a single space-time continuum, was devised even before we knew the existence of a faster than light, gravitational membrane of dark Entropy and dark, quark matter. So we first must define it within that scale of big-bangs as the *big-bang of a membrane of electromagnetic radiation; hence a quasar big-bang, not a cosmic big-bang, which will correspond to the much faster explosion of a gravitational membrane, starting at the Planck scale of the gravitational minimal units, the lambda-strings.*

This is in a way the conclusion of astrophysicists, which now study the big bang as a dual process, with an inflationary age (the gravitational membrane) and a slower age (the big-bang of electromagnetic space, created over the gravitational membrane).

So instead of a fantastic big-bang particle that in the absolute past of time created all the absolute space of the Universe, we consider to exist in a fractal universe of infinite scales, where big-bangs are also scalar processes of creation and extinction of vortices of mass in several scales:

– There are big-bangs of atoms (beta decays) in quantum scales.

– There are star big-bangs (Novae or super-novae that create strange stars (pulsars) and black holes, (top quark stars)).

– There are galactic big-bangs, quasars, whose periodicity and background radiation coincides with the cosmic big-bang in its simplest formulation.

– And there are cosmic big-bangs (inflationary period of the big-bang), in which the gravitational membrane at non-local faster than light speed expanded before giving birth to electromagnetic membranes, forms warped around this primordial membrane.

*Recap*. The invariance of topological form at scale means that big-bang processes of death are common to all the scales of the Universe. What physicists call the big-bang seems to be a galactic big-bang.

**Which big-bang fits better our cosmic data? Comparing them.**

Indeed, the form of each scalar big-bang is the same, and it is remarkably identical in the supposed big-bang of the Universe; since both have an electromagnetic ‘orbital’ of dense ¥-rays, the fractal equivalent to the electron nebulae on the left. So how can we decide to which scale the ‘background radiation’ picture belongs?

We find the answer on the fact that quasar big-bangs (cycle of creation and destruction of the center of galaxies), is 10 to 20 billion years, and the supposed cosmic big-bang picture is 13.5 billion years. The same age that our galaxy, whose minimal time is 13.8 ± 4 billion years for the rich metal stars on BD +17° 3248. This is counter-intuitive: bigger systems in 5D live slower. For example, the smallest big-bang that of the left picture (beta decay), happens after a neutron life-span of 15 minutes. In that regard, the quantum, galactic and Universal scale should be if there is a Universal Scale on the same 5D time ‘slow down relationship’: Λ = Sp x Tƒ = K.

So the cosmic ‘big-bang’ should be at least one order of time-space older, which depending on the number of dimensions, should be 10, 100 or 1000 times more. Still considering the absolute minimal scale of time in 5D, 10 times longer (so civilizations live 800 years and humans 80) this gives us 140.000 million years, which stretching.

Now the 4 big-bangs are quite fascinating because of their similarities. Consider for example the relationship between the big-bang of a Neutron, or ‘beta decay’ and that of a star or Nova or Super-nova (second picture of Crab nebulae, the most famous supernova explosion of our galaxy).

A beta decay produces a photon, a neutrino, an electron and a proton, which expand the nucleon and in a double beta decay are hold together creating a hydrogen atom.

Now, a Supernova produces a black hole, which as we will see has the exact ‘Schwarzschild radius’ than a proton in 5 D Metric, a massive expansion of its plasma expelled to form the nebulae we see, which is the equivalent to the electron, a burst of Gamma rays, which are photons of high energy and an even higher burst of about 10^{59} neutrinos, an astounding quantity, which represent up to 10% of the mass of the star.

Those are thus the same elements of a beta-decay, but observed from our perspective as a single ‘particle’ in the lower scale and as a myriad of them in the upper scale. And yet the proportion of energy is similar.

A Beta decay expels a neutrino with 0.76 MeV energy-mass, which is 1/10th of the mass of the quarks that conform the proton collapsed into a neutron star in the nova or a black hole in the supernova.

There is thus no doubt that we are talking of 2 similar phenomena in 2 scales of the 5th dimension.

**The dual big-bang: inflaton field in 5D metric: time decelerates as space accelerates.**

There are in that choice, considering unlikely the organic nature of the Universe with a dark matter network of ‘nervous information’ and a ‘blood network of electromagnetic energy’ – but not completely eliminated given the clear filaments between galaxies, which remind us a tissue of cells, two different degrees of expansion.

In the galactic quasar big bangs, while there might have been a first atom in the long time ago distance, the growth of the Universe is slow. The Universe is in a steady state rather eternal situation as we are likely just a hydrogen anti-atom of the net scale, whose ‘laws’ of physics might differ slightly from ours, something which can be explored with the analysis of dark energy waves as ‘electromagnetic waves of the next scale’. And so on.

In the cosmic big bang as it is, there is a hyperinflation initial phase, which would be interpreted as a hyper-gravitational force, expanding at hyper luminal speeds. Or in terms of the metric of the 5th dimension, as a massive death process: Max. Sp x Min. Tƒ = K, hence in the Planck scale of this hyper-gravitational force, Min. Tƒ is a quanta of Planck time, 10^{-43}, in which the death of the Prior Hyper-black hole expanded 10^{43} times according to the metric of the fifth dimension, and then as it expanded time slowed down in its quanta till reaching the present relative Sp=Tƒ balance between time and space parameters. So again, only 5D physics explains that wonder of the super-fast expansion in super-minimal time:

*Our Universe (line below) might be born in a dual fractal big bang of gravitational space-times (inflationary state) and fractal big bangs of light-membranes (quasars that explode galaxies).*

*All those homologous fractal big bangs of gravitational dark Entropy and light create the same inflationary Universe developed by Linde & Guth8 but, as in the case of electronic nebulae, interpreted as fractal parts of an electron co-existing in the same Universe, instead of Everett’s absurd interpretation of multiple universes a fractal dual big-bang rationalizes the data of the inflationary big-bang, introduces the Planck scale as the minimal string-size of a gravitational action, which will self-reproduce as it expands and validates the fractal Unification that converts each galaxy in an atom of the gigantic Universal scale, which we only perceive till the limit of reproduction of light waves (mean life 10 ^{10-11 }y.)*

In the graph, the discontinuous fractal structure of multiple space-times implies that in the same manner there are many quasar big-bangs (later Hoyle’s interpretation of the big-bang process); there might be many fractal gravitational big-bangs, in a huge Universe in which each galaxy is a relative atom. Again this interpretation gives meaning to the standard inflationary Universe, whose enormous size wouldn’t be the sum of a series of parallel Universes but the same Universe made of fractal gravitational/ quasar big bangs. In the graph, those 2 cosmic fractal big bangs give birth to a huge universe with10^{1012} ‘galactic atoms’.

The fractal theory of a dual big bang is thus self-similar to the inflationary theory but without the logic errors of multi-universes. It postulates a first gravitational big bang of dark Entropy at z=10-100 c (which seems to be the limit of redshift observed in the limits of perception of our cosmos).

In the graph, the birth of the ‘huge universe’ (no longer the hyper-universe) would have taken place from a black hole of the minimal scale of size of 10-^{35 }m. and maximal Planck’s density during a gravitational, superluminal big bang that split space-time into 10^{11} different fractal bubbles of gravitation – many universal cells like ours in which light universes would later develop. Those gravitational bubbles, while connected by non-local gravitation will not interact with light since the mean life of a reproductive light ray, as that of the stars it creates is around 10^{10-11 }years and so light from those far away ‘atomic galaxies’ cannot reach this one.

*Recap*. There are not multi-universes but fractal Universes created with 2 self-similar big bangs in 2 scales, the gravitational and light scale.

So far so good, very clever and one must say beautiful. but the data does not quite fit. And so we will latter on considering some squeaky sounds of the data, which fit better into a local quasar big bang.

Which is from an objective point of view far more logic – to think that we see only a local galactic –neutron big bang of an eternal, vaster, quasi infinite Universe, where man is just in some photon of a hydrogen-like atom NO seeing much of it, just the distance of the lifespan of a light ray, which dies away and erases its information about 10^{11 }years after birth.

Again we do NOT claim to have the solution, but rather as T.Œ always do, enlighten the whys of the big-bang (the cosmic neutron scale) and give an alternative (a myriad of galactic neutrons with a local B.R. existing perhaps in some hydrogen like cloud which might extend to a much larger distance beyond the darkness of the death of light where information no longer reaches us).

Tƒ accept the big bang would be much better for 5D physics – to go with the flow. But that is too easy.

It is far more rigorous to do a thorough analysis of the big bang with T.Œ and the scientific method, to figure out if astrophysicists are really observing the whole Universe as a super-beta decay 4 scale up of the 5d Universe, or perhaps they are overreaching what we perceive experimentally.

And that is what we shall do in this post. Because a careful analysis of the information about the big bang seems to reduce the scale of what they are studying to the ‘galactic cycle of big-bangs and big crunches’ known as the quasar cycle. And though this I know is disliked (Only Fred Hoyle hold it), T.Œ has no problems with human dissent. Its test of truth is purely objective, scientific methodology. on those grounds the big bang fails at cosmic level.

Why? For many reasons. The most obvious is that the picture that portraits the galaxy in the center is exactly the same that the right picture of the background radiation, which on top ‘OBVIOUSLY’ is radiation measured within the galaxy. And that the period for the big bang on the right is exactly the same period for the quasar cycle of a galaxy (observed through the measure of quasar cycles all over the Universe). So all seems to indicate we are observing a quasar cycle NOT a cosmic cycle.

Let us see it comparing those periods with the periods of a neutron star and a neutron (the two big-bangs on the left).

A small neutron has a 15-minute decay cycle, a Neutron star forms and explodes within at least a few million years, normally a few billion.

this is what 5D metric tell us: Max. Sp = Min. Tƒ, so the Neutron has a much slower life cycle because it is bigger.

Hence the Universe must have a much slower cycle than a galaxy, which is bigger.

Now a quasar cycle of a galaxy is 15 billion, which is exactly the big-bang age of the cosmic model

But the Universe should have a 15 ‘zillion’ cycle NOT also 15 billion, as a galaxy, as it is much larger.

The whole ALWAYS lasts much more than its ‘finitesimals’. Thus we conclude the right picture belongs to our galaxy, NOT to the Universe: it has the same form, the same time length, and it is obtained in the same space place (our galaxy) at the same 5D scale.

So it is the picture of the background radiate on left by local quasar cycle, perhaps of the central black hole of this galaxy or perhaps of a super galaxy in the local group. Now this is in essence the ‘forest’ picture of it, with 5D metric and known known space-time parameters. We will now go into a few important details and proofs all of which reinforce that perfect picture.

There is another recent test also which cast doubts on the cosmic big bangs. Astronomers wanted in the ‘time picture observe shadows’ provoked by huge galaxies that interfere with the background radiation coming from the wall of fire. The artistic rendering helps to understand why there should be ‘shadows’, as this is the ‘spatial perspective’ of the time big-bang – which is allowed by the symmetry between all space and time states on 5 D (merely accepted without any deep understanding in present physics): when we put in time the earth at the center, huge galaxies should screen the radiation of the wall of fire or external membrane, but they don’t. So it seems the radiation is local.

And so on and so on. So it is on known-known astrophysical data not on 5D physics where the cosmic big-bang finds its problems, and it says a lot on the human desire to know it all and accept myths and religious beliefs that astrophysicists shun off so often contradictions of the cosmic big-bang.

Now it must be clear that for 5D physics both make sense, as the Universe IS just a scale above the galaxy. So all those big-bang prove 5 D physics, and its ternary symmetries and ∆±1 scales, the ages in time (Es>ST>Tƒ) and organic, spatial simultaneous Sp<ST<It parts hat define the system of a galaxy, easy with the same generator equation it defines all other system of the Universe.

And all in all, we hold a final ‘decision’ on future further analysis by the Webb telescope which finally! Will be launched, to get more information of far remote in time and space events. But again the trick of this duality is as follows:

If light dies as 5D physics considers (all space-time entities do have a finite duration in time), at around 10^{11} light years it is impossible to distinguish the effects of a dying light – the spatial asymmetric view (red shift to infinity and final black out beyond 10^{11} distance, hyper abundance of very young quasars at that distance because of its higher brilliance and the mission of ‘young light of maximal energy-life span) from a cosmic big-bang effect, the temporal antisymmetric view: red shift to the original explosion, birth at + 10^{11} years and black out before birth)!!!

This if a fascinating fat of many space-time dualities in 5D Physics: the explanation in time and its symmetry in still space are extremely difficult to differentiate when we do NOT have enough information about them. So in atomic 5D physics we shall see how a phenomena which ‘smells’ all the way as a time antisymmetry – the color forces of quarks – CANNOT really be qualified either as time or space; so the conclusion in those cases is that the explanation is a complementary ‘wave’ ST-analysis.

On the other hand there are phenomena that the ‘spatial-mental’ bias of all forms of knowledge clearly mistakes as a spatial force, when it is a time trans-form-ation (the weak force, which transforms quarks into other ones). In the case of the big bang it is in the details where reason tilts towards a local big bang. Because ultimately what we are trying to figure out is a ‘symmetry’ on 5D scale.

What scale is the scale of the big bang? The ∆-3 galactic scale or the ∆-4, cosmic scale?

But and this is the question poised here – a quasar cycle of a galactic or super-galactic black hole exploded back 14 billion years ago, in the local Virgo Cluster would produce exactly the same undistinguishable phenomena, whereas the inflation state would be the explosion of gravitational waves, carrying a massive neutrino background ahead of the wave, laying down the first ‘structural’ space, while a massive quark-gluon soup of strangelet matter during the quark epoch would reach the limits of the galaxy to create the halo, and then after the Planck epoch, the decay of the intermediate matter from top to bottom to charm to strange to up and down quark would establish our galactic ‘body’.

In brief, the epochs of the big-bang are mimetic to those of a quasar big-bang, and really the only way to decide which one happened is in the details – the facts that we are making local observations that the BG Radiation looks like the galaxy that the time of the cosmic big-bang is the same of a galactic quasar cycle, that the density of the big-bang is the same that the density of matter of a galaxy (Not of the whole cosmos), that the radiation of the big-bang does NOT leave shadows crossing outer galaxies etc.

There are so many details of parameters that fit better the galaxy, and we shall explain with some detail that as much as we would like to back with 5D physics the cosmic big bang to get maybe finally some recognition in our old age, before exit mundi of all this awesome work, a bit of a selfie here (-; ts, ts, we are not selling us cheap at this time, sorry guys. The cosmic big bang is a fake.

So let us now consider all the big-bangs together, infinite deaths small and biggies of the physical systems of the universe.

**II. Cosmic vs. Quasar big-bangs.**

So the question we want to find out is which of the two larger scales of big-bangs, that of a quasar big-bang or a cosmic big-bang fits better real data. Since as we can see in the images above, on the right, they are also quite similar in form. In fact they are almost identical.

Now again, the problem IS obvious. On one side both big-bangs fit 5D theory.

As the ‘magic number’ of 1011 elements that conform the next scale happens in both:

– A galaxy would be the equivalent of a neutron beta decay in the atomic scale, of a nova and the remaining Neutron star in the solar scale, hence a ‘hydrogen atom’ or nucleon of the cosmic scale.

– The Universe would be the equivalent of a Neutron or hydrogen atom in the cosmic scale. Most galaxies have 10^{11} stars. The total mass of all the stars in the Milky Way is estimated to be between 4.6×10^{10} and 6.43×10^{10}*sun masses.*

*– And the Universe is considered to have around 1.6 10 ^{11}galaxies.*

*So the easiest way to settle the question is to state that the galaxy is just a scale below the big-bang (a huge galactic molecule so to speak), as the neutron star is just a scale above the neutron ( a huge neutron molecule so to speak).*

*And that it exploded in a big bang of the next scale of the universe.*

__The spatial symmetry of the cosmic big-bang: __* *

*In the graph we can see nicely how beautiful looks in terms of the 5D (anti)symmetric Generator the big bang in time space and scale:*

__In the graph, the space-time antisymmetry of the cosmic big-bang: the radiation of the original big bang is seen far away in time and space as a wall of fire.__

In the graph the representation of the Generator 5D ST of cosmology:

∆-1:Sp(Wall of fire-membrane) ≤≥ ∆-ST(10^{11} ‘galacells’)≤≥ ∆+1: Tƒ (Human Subjective Observer; ‘Great attractor’ – objective ‘Black hole ≈ Proton’ center).

The graph is an Artist’s logarithmic scale conception of the observable universe, in space, with the topology of all 5D ternary constructs; but alas! an anthropomorphic Universe with:

Tƒ: Objective center, the point where the big-bang started, which should be the ‘proton=black hole locus’ of the original ‘cosmic neutron’ of the ∆+4 scale exploded in the big-bang, or alternately since according to Lorentz Invariance (Relativity) all frames of reference are relative, as indeed any ‘mind’ perceives information in a spatial-still state:

Tƒ- the Solar System at the center, inner and outer planets, Kuiper belt, Oort cloud, Alpha Centauri, Perseus Arm, Milky Way galaxy, Andromeda galaxy, nearby galaxies…

ST: Cosmic Web, as the ‘cytoplasm of the cell-Universe’.

SP: Entropic Cosmic microwave radiation and Big Bang’s invisible plasma on the edge’s membrane.

So you can see, the big bang would further prove 5D physics and the topological ternary structure of all Universal systems.

So we do NOT doubt the cosmic big bang on 5D grounds, but on real data.

Let us then consider a few of such aspects of the big bang, using as usual the Œ=mc2 scientific method, with scanty mathematical formulae, which go on the 4th line in its full power, as one of the great advantages of TŒ is its capacity to explain any phenomena for 4 points of view – the mental, organic, causal, temporal and spatial, mathematical, in a complementary way.

What is wrong with the previous picture/ wouldn’t it be a perfect proof of 5D physics, as nobody has explained what on Earth exploded 13.4 billion years ago?

Yes it would be perfect if data were fully consistent and not subtly bent to cater to the ‘cosmic arrogance of the human ego’ that wants to pack it all on its infinitesimal mind, Ego paradox always present in all actions of all systems of the Universe that perceive in stillness from its mind point of view a selected part of the whole but confuse it with it:

O-mind x ∞ Universe = still mapping (frame of reference)

Now in the graph we see ‘if the big-bang were real’, the spatial symmetry of the Universe, for which there should be action at distance (to create the needed simultaneity, which in all Real Systems connects in a relative quanta of time all the elements of the system, to allow the isotropy and synchronicity required for a ‘whole’ to work as such:

Sp: Wall of fire≤ ST: Dark Energy ≥ Tƒ: Great attractor.

In such hypothetical Universe:

Sp: the wall of fire of the earlier big-bang would be the outer membrane that isolates the ‘cellular Universe’ at z=10.000 c

ST: The faster than light dark energy, v=S/It =Space/Informative Time=S/0-visible information=∞ relative speed for a human observer, with the same z than the wall of fire; filled with Galaxies.

Tƒ: And a hyper black hole ‘great’ attractor (not the anthropocentric graph below), would be the ‘proton->black hole’ of the ∆+4 cosmic scale.

So far so good. But data fits better on little bangs.

Let us then consider just 10 of many factual proofs that the big-bang is a local quasar big-bang and the proper cosmological theory is that of earlier Einstein->Fred Hoyle->5 D Physics, of an infinite, immortal Universe:

**The Lorentz invariance**

A simple proof that falsifies the cosmic big-bang of the many we shall show here, is the existence of an absolute frame of reference, if the background radiation is global NOT local, as SciAm soon discovered and published in the graph below. In this case the denial of General Relativity and its postulate of no existence of absolute frames of reference in the Universe.

This is called the “Lorentz symmetry”, named for the Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz and it is a symmetry of spacetime. It is in fact a cornerstone of Einstein’s __special relativity__ theory. According to special relativity, there is no absolute space or absolute time (as in 5D Physics, which sometimes I call ‘Absolute relativity’. So if two objects are moving relative to each other in empty space, it would actually be impossible for an observer to tell their absolute velocities—maybe only one of the objects was moving and the other was stationary, for example, but you wouldn’t know which was which because their movements are relative to each other, not to any external reference frame.

Alas, but now we do have one: the cosmic radiation, and we are moving within it. So we just have to measure our movement in relationship to the radiation and Relativity is Gone!:

In the graph, the cosmic background radiation acts as a new fixed frame of reference or ether, falsifying Relativity theory, which does not have as its name explains any fixed space-time background frame of reference

Yet since the cosmic big bang is a solution of relativity theory that the cosmic radiation falsifies the very same theory it tries to prove.

Hence by ‘reductio ad absurdum’, the background radiation must be local not to contradict Relativity.

In the graph a cosmic radiation falsifies the cosmic big bang, which it tries to proof.

It is the most obvious logic error in the big-bang cosmology is his falsification of Einstein’s work in which the big-bang theory is based, as scientific American rightly pointed out when the theory was first put forward (to be forgotten as the propaganda machines of military physics, as the meaning of it all pumped up the theory):

From the CMB data it is seen that the Local Group (the galaxy group that includes the Milky Way galaxy) appears to be moving at 627±22 km/s relative to the reference frame of the CMB (also called the CMB rest frame, or the frame of reference in which there is no motion through the CMB) in the direction of galactic longitude, l = 276°±3°, b = 30°±3°.

This motion results in an anisotropy of the data (CMB appearing slightly warmer in the direction of movement than in the opposite direction).

From a theoretical point of view, the existence of a CMB rest frame breaks Lorentz invariance even in empty space far away from any galaxy. So if the big bang is accepted, the theory of which is a solution, Einstein’s relativity based in the non-existence of ETHER, an absolute frame of reference in the Universe (hence ‘relativity name’) is FALSIFIED. Ergo by reductio ad absurdum, the Big bang, which is a solution to the theory it falsifies, is false.

This is one of the many scientific proof of falsity of big bang theory we shall bring in this post, which Cosmologists know and cynically call the ‘axis of evil’ (because it won’t go away and kills their theory right on its inception).

You see what I mean by ‘dogma of religious nature’. How ‘big science’ avoids the axis of evil?

Suppressing data or bringing magic theory to it: Chief scientist from WMAP, Charles L. Bennett suggested coincidence and human psychology were involved, “I do think there is a bit of a psychological effect; people want to find unusual things.”

Alas, we are back to Babylon, we must be the center of the Universe, just moving 600 kilometers to the east.

__Now after being the devil’s advocate, __in the proper way, pointing out the fact, let us consider the fact to be right, because we do respect the scientific method. So we shall consider the Lorentz symmetry to be *a local symmetry that only takes place within the galaxy; not in the absolute scale of the Universe.*

Now this is the ‘real Universe’ of the next scale of the 5th dimension. It looks on the 4% we see clearly as an atomic network of tissue, which joints the atom-galaxies (think for example of a brain of neurons, of a microscopic colony of unicellular algae, and so on). There is zero isotropy as big-bang cosmologists pretend. All their models being approximations which might look nice on computers but have zero scientific theory-praxis solidity. All what we know is that we are moving towards Virgo; that there is a huge nodal network at Hydra-Centaurus – excellent name; which forms with Pisces-Perseus, a clearly connected network in one of whose filaments we find ourselves.

And that at 46 declination a Great Attractor of dark quark matter, likely a super-black hole of top quark stars is waiting for us in a future rendezvous, as we cruise over a remnant cloud of photonic local radiation that does not seem to be (by lack of attraction power) so interested in becoming dark quark gluon liquid-solid super-state of matter.

That is really all we know. The place we live is *Laniakea* that means “immeasurable heaven’, even if some arrogant believers think they have measured it.

In that regard, while 5D physics is the ONLY rational theory that can explain a cosmic big-bang (as Time accelerates while space shrinks); 13 billion years does not seem time enough for the immensurable heavens.

This as we shall see this solves momentarily the problem; and allow us to consider ‘theories which do not correspond to Relativity’ beyond the galaxy, a fact which is also essential to 5D Physics, as relativity is considered rightly the theory of light space-time where c-speed/distance is the constant of space of the galaxy, *the absolute frame of reference, both rod of measure of static space and motion.*

And we will return to that, after we deal with the cosmic big-bang, since it is the first ‘step’ to elucidate to expand physics to the scales of the 5th dimension and harmonize it with all other sciences from where it has so much departed.

**The quasar cycle**

*The unification of all the physical scales of the universe with the 5th dimension renders an immediate result: the equation of unification of charges and forces, which makes similar (but not equal), the galaxy and the atom.*

Moreover, since the big-bang image is mimetic of the previous one it reduces the scale of the big-bang to a quasar scale, making the EFE of Einstein local equations for the Light-space time (reason why it is constant).

In that regard, the big bang scales, that is, the fact that we observer big-bang like death processes of expansion of space 2 planes downwards, as in all other forms of death is one of the strongest proofs of the isomorphic nature of all scales.

In the next graph, from SCiAM, the quasar cycle is longer than the big-bang cycle. Thus by reductio ad absurdum, since we have found galaxies in a ‘second’ quasar cycle, hence over 20 billion years as ‘reborn’ galaxies, forming its central bar, there is no way the time age of the whole is shorter than the time of its parts.

Multiple space-times imply the existence of multiple big-bangs with different explosive size and speeds, all of them deaths of an informative mass or charge that uncoils its accelerated vortex into radiation following Einstein’s equation, E=M(c)2, where a bidimensional or tridimensional vortex (M or e) becomes extended into a plane of radiation (hence the square of lineal c-speed).

Yet for each different scale the parameters of speed (c), mass (M) and Entropy will change. And so we obtain a series of self-similar big bangs described in the graph.

The single cosmic big bang based in a single space-time continuum, was devised even before we knew the existence of a faster than light, gravitational membrane of dark Entropy and dark, quark matter. So we first must define it within that scale of big-bangs as the *big-bang of a membrane of electromagnetic radiation; hence a quasar big-bang, not a cosmic big-bang, which will correspond to the much faster explosion of a gravitational membrane, starting at the Planck scale of the gravitational minimal units, the lambda-strings.*

This is in a way the conclusion of astrophysicists, which now study the big bang as a dual process, with an inflationary age (the gravitational membrane) and a slower age (the big-bang of electromagnetic space, created over the gravitational membrane).

**3.No shadows for the big bang. Ecliptic ‘axis of evil’ and ‘people finding things’.**

In the upper graph:

Physicists have measured a local, hence galactic background radiation, which doesn’t leave shadows from other galaxies and they tabulated the quasar cycle of galaxies, which coincides with the age ascribed in the past to a cosmic big bang. So a more rational theory would consider the cause of the 2.7 K radiation both local in space (galactic) and in time (produced at present); since our measure is local and present.

Now, this is the standard first thought about it: non-thermal radiation from stars.

**Ad Hoc calculus vs. red shifts. Death of light. Cosmological ‘fractal’ redshirts.**

– E x I: Tachyon, Transversal, Gravitational Dark energy waves

Now in what follows we depart from classic cosmology, which as we have seen is good enough to invalidate the cosmic big-bang as a huge lineal ego-trip of astrophysics, and introduce basic concepts of 5D fractal cosmology; which we will develop fully on the 4^{th} line of the blog.

Now the temperature of the background radiation and the radiation itself has alternative theories. My favorite – but not likely correct – is tiredness of light as it falls within 5D physics but it is not mine (which makes it even more objective). My own theory researched during my activism against big-bang experiments on Earth are moon micro-black holes making the halo. Both are far more scientific that the forecasted big-bang temperature. Let us see why, on predictability. Gamow, and the proponent of light tiredness gave predictions ‘before the measure’. Those are:

1946 – George Gamow calculates a temperature of 50 K (assuming a 3-billion year old universe), commenting it “… is in reasonable agreement with the actual temperature of interstellar space”, but does not mention background radiation.

1953 – Erwin Finlay-Freundlich in support of his tired light theory, derives a blackbody temperature for intergalactic space of 2.3K with comment from Max Born suggesting radio astronomy as the arbitrator between expanding and infinite cosmologies.

Freundlich also gave two extreme values of 1.9K and 6.0K in Finlay-Freundlich, E.: 1954, “Red shifts in the spectra of celestial bodies”.

Now the measure was 2.7 K, fully within Finlay’s prediction; completely out of Gamow ‘s prediction. And yet Gamow merely change ad hoc his equations to match the measure, and voila, all physicists which a prior had decided there MUST be a big-bang, ignored Finlay’s.

Now those are the 10 canonical proofs that need no new physics, each of them explained ‘facts’ that the big-bang ‘does NOT explain’ properly. This is more than enough, and while there are a few more, I think 10 is according to the numbers of T.Œ, good enough of fact-known-known proofs.

A timeline will help to understand why it is the likely one by C) cyclical predictability:

1926: Sir Arthur Eddington estimates the non-thermal radiation of starlight in the galaxy has an effective temperature of 3.2 K.

1930s: Erich Regener calculates that the non-thermal spectrum of cosmic rays in the galaxy has an effective temperature of 2.8 K

Thus the thermal radiation calculated by Penzias in 1960 at 3 K had been rightly foreseen by the first people who thought of it (average of 3.2+2.8/2=3k).

On the other hand the late proposal of a cosmic big bang by A-bomb researcher Gamow et al were:

1946: George Gamow estimates a temperature of 50 K.

1949: Ralph Alpher and Robert Herman re-estimate Gamow’s estimate at 28 K.

1960s: Robert Dicke re-re-estimates a MBR (microwave background radiation) temperature of 40 K

These were all offbeat. Only after 1960s measure, busy-busy the cosmic big-bang ‘re-re-re-estimate’ its equations to get ‘a posteriori’ the ‘desired’ experimental results ‘ad hoc’, instead of noting that Mr. Eddington and those proponents of a local background radiation WERE right in their predictions and the cosmic ones totally off-target and hence use the scientific method to deny the cosmic one.

**Now and here explanations: Moon MACHOs**

This AGAIN is a basic proof of truth in science: if WE CAN FIND explanations in present time and here-space, it is absurd to consider an explanation in past or future time and out-of-here space. It is like if we measure your body temperature, at 37 degrees and then a cuckoo physicist tells you the cause is with a lineal past-moving equation that you were born 17 billion years ago at 5 trillion degrees and you are cooling down!! When there is an explanation, in the metabolic activity, now and here of your body.

So what is the metabolic process on the galaxy now that produces that temperature?

Namely the existence of micro-black holes or similar dark matter (strangelets) red-shifting components on the Halo, which account for its mass and the redshirts of all light reflecting or coming through it.

But further on, before we deal with the Halo, there is a huge problem which shows further that it is a local radiation, the so called ‘axis of evil’, which at the cost of billions of $ astrophysicists try to eliminate with zero success. Namely that the radiation aligns with the axis of the galaxy and its equinox, because ‘obviously’ it is produced by the galaxy’s activity.

Do you think this obvious answer has any chance? ha. Quoting the official version, of Wikipedia:

“In particular, the quadrupole and octupole (l = 3) modes appear to have an unexplained alignment with both the ecliptic plane and equinoxes, an alignment sometimes referred to as the axis of evil 🙂

A number of groups have suggested that this could be the signature of new physics at the greatest observable scales; other groups suspect systematic errors in the data. Recent observations with the Planck telescope, which is very much more sensitive than WMAP and has a larger angular resolution, confirm the observation of the axis of evil. Since two different instruments recorded the same anomaly, instrumental error (but not foreground contamination – the way they ‘introduce the local cause – ‘contamination’:) appears to be ruled out.

**Coincidence** is a possible explanation, chief scientist from WMAP, Charles L. Bennett suggested coincidence and **human psychology** were involved, “I do think there is a bit of a psychological effect; people want to find unusual things.”

Now to my hypothesis of a halo of dark, quark matter (black holes or strangelets) acting as a far ‘more limited’, closer membrane distorting by red shift the light reflected or coming through it (as all membranes do transform what penetrates them).

Why, it is a preferred solution? Obvious:

The question posted by the non-shadows experimental fact is that the radiation cannot come from the supposed outer ring of fire (big bang radiation). It does have to come therefore from the internal region of the galaxy, *reflected by the Halo, giving us a mirror image of the galaxy, or alternately from outer light, crossing through the galaxy, altered by the Halo ‘strangelet and micro-black hole matter’, strong candidates to for the dark matter of the galaxy. Then obviously what physicists do is merely to extend this Halo-altered radiation into a supposed infinity.*

The only alternative object that can produce such radiation in present is a micro-black hole, whose temperature red-shifts light as a gravitational lensing. And since a black hole gravitational lensing is proportional to the mass, we can calculate the mass of those ‘background black holes’, which redshirts light at 2.7 k. Indeed, a simple calculus shows that a black hole of the approximate mass of a moon (the most common galactic object of which each sun has hundreds in its planets and Oort/Kuiper belts, would produce that radiation.

So very likely the halo of dark matter of the galaxy is made of micro-black holes that have eaten moons, as their bigger cousins eat stars. Then they WILL radiate at that exact temperature.

Further on, since black holes are fundamental particles of the upper scale, as protons are in the quantum scale they must be homogeneous in size, even if they eat less perfect planetoids, expelling the ‘left-overs’ as gamma radiation and becoming with other quark stars (strangelets), the ‘protein’ membrane that shields the galaxy, as a st-point whose 3 topologies are latter studied in more detail.

**Critical density.**

One of the problems of the big-bang (of many) is the critical density. It must be of 10^{-26} kg per cubic meter for the Universe to be the ‘observed’ flat geometry. But it is not. Only 2 so this is a problem, the big-bang of the cosmos does not match the flat geometry of the Universe and the topic spiral galaxy.

So if the big-bang is a local galactic big bang the critical density of the galaxy should be 10^{-26}; then it would be the quasar big-bang of our galaxy.

Let us do some crunching numbers for a change.

The equation for the critical density is:

ρcrit = 3H_{0}^{2} / 8πG

You can see that the critical density is proportional to the square of the Hubble constant — a faster expansion requires a higher density to overcome the expansion.

How empty is space? Astronomers have learned that the mean density of matter in the universe is within a factor of a few of the critical density. We can calculate ρcrit by inserting the gravitational constant, G = 6.67 × 10^{-11} Nm^{2} / kg^{2}, and adopting H_{0} = 65 km/s/Mpc. We first convert the Hubble constant to metric units, H_{0} = (65 × 1000) / 3.1 × 10^{+22} = 2.1 × 10^{-18}s^{-1}. Now we can solve to get ρcrit = 3 × (2.1 × 10^{-18})^{2} / 8 × 3.14 × 6.7 × 10^{-11} = 7.9 × 10^{-27} kg/m^{3} ≈ 10^{-26} kg/m^{3}. This amazingly low density is equal to about five hydrogen atoms per cubic meter, or a single hydrogen atom in a volume the size of the average TV set. However, in that same cubic meter there will be 5 to 10 billion low energy photons of microwave background radiation, the feeble relic of the big bang.

How well does this density match up to the density of large objects in the universe? The typical distance between large galaxies is about 2 Mpc, so we can see what the average density would be if a galaxy like the Milky Way were the only object in a box 2 Mpc across.

The mass of the Milky Way, including dark matter, is about 10^{+12} M. Sun, or 10^{+12} × 2 × 10^{+30} = 2 × 10^{+42} kg. The volume of a 2 Mpc cube is (2 x 3.1 x 10^{+22})^{3} = 2.4 x 10^{+68} m^{3}. The typical density is therefore mass divided by volume, or 2 × 10+^{42} / 2.4 x 10^{68} ≈ 10^{-26 }kg/m^{3}.

Thus we can see that the galaxy density roughly equal to the critical density.

**The Black Hole reversed equation of the expansion.**

While there is not clear understanding of what the ‘Singularity that holds the entire mass of the Universe in an infinitely small point’ due to the ‘absurd’ backwards motion of the Hubble equation in lineal terms till are mote past, there is a clear proof the explosion of a black hole into a quasar will give us the same result:

Since the equations of the big-bang inflationary first age are exactly the same than those of a black hole, reversed inside-out, as the black hole explodes creating in its outer rim a ‘ball of fire’, advancing at enormous speed, through repulsive gravitational waves, till the wave smooth an isomorphic sphere of the size of the galactic outer Halo. Thus there is not mystery to the creation of the region, which will be reborn as a spiral galaxy when the entropic death of the black hole reverses its course, in the following eras.

In the parlance of ‘physicists’, the proper description will be this:

Tƒ say that space expands exponentially means that two inertial observers are moving farther apart with accelerating velocity. In stationary coordinates for one observer, a patch of an inflating universe has the following polar metric:

ds²=-(1-Λr²)dt² + 1/1-Λr² dr² +r²dW² (where Λ is not the symbol of the 5th dimension but the cosmological constant) We use polar metric because the black hole expands with a positive curvature into a spherical form, following the commonest ‘entropic explosion-death’ of any big-bang material death. In the simplest expression we write: M=e/c² only that we are talking of a tachyon superluminal expansive wave.

This is just like an inside-out black hole metric—it has a zero in the component on a fixed radius sphere called the cosmological horizon. Objects are drawn away from the observer at towards the cosmological horizon, which they cross in a finite proper time. This means that any inhomogeneity are smoothed out, just as any bumps or matter on the surface of a black hole horizon are swallowed and disappear.

Since the space–time metric has no explicit time dependence, once an observer has crossed the cosmological horizon, observers closer in take its place. This process of falling outward and replacement points closer in are always steadily replacing points further out—an exponential expansion of space–time.

This steady-state exponentially expanding space-time is called a de Sitter space, and to sustain it there must be a cosmological constant, a vacuum energy proportional to everywhere. In this case, the equation of state is . The physical conditions from one moment to the next are stable: the rate of expansion, called the Hubble parameter, is nearly constant, and the scale factor of the Universe is proportional to .

Inflation is often called a period of *accelerated expansion* because the distance between two fixed observers is increasing exponentially (i.e. at an accelerating rate as they move apart), while can stay approximately constant (see deceleration parameter).The *∆*-dimensional **de Sitter space**, denoted dS*n*, is the Lorentzian manifold analog of an *∆*-sphere (with its canonical Riemannian metric); it is maximally symmetric, has constant positive curvature, and is simply connected for *∆* at least 3.

**The Helium problem.**

Nucleo-synthesis occurs between 3 minutes and 20 minutes after the (quasar) Big Bang

During the photon epoch the temperature of the universe falls to the point where atomic nuclei can begin to form. Protons (hydrogen ions) and neutrons begin to combine into atomic nuclei in the process of nuclear fusion.

Free neutrons combine with protons to form deuterium. Deuterium rapidly fuses into helium-4. Nucleo-synthesis only lasts for about seventeen minutes, since the temperature and density of the universe has fallen to the point where nuclear fusion cannot continue.

By this time, all neutrons have been incorporated into helium nuclei. This leaves about three times more hydrogen than helium-4 (by mass) and only trace quantities of other light nuclei.

This formation of so much Helium was for very long considered the proof of a cosmic big-bang because stars could not form so much Helium. Then it was found that most of the imbalance was helium accumulated around the central black hole of galaxies; which has not been explained. Obviously because Helium formation happened when the black hole exploded with the big-bang temperature it is found close to the center of galaxies, and it was formed by the quasar explosion. So a galactic big-bang explains both its abundance and its location (the cosmic one does NOT explain its location)

**The ages of the big-bang.**

The ‘cycle of explosions’ of Galaxies into quasars, into galaxies, follows the same ages of the big-bang. As all of them after the initial ‘Planck epoch – of gravitational superluminal waves’, dark epoch of nucleosynthesis, are ages ‘within galaxies’, and so they are proved for the inner space of galaxies. They do NOT explain many other features of the Universe as a whole (which is not isomorphic, etc.) but perfectly describe the evolution and formation of the stars of the galaxy.

So the so-called ages of the big-bang, are properly the ages of the galaxy; WITHOUT all the ‘ad hoc’ theories and pseudo-scientific models required to explain WHY the large scale Universe has NOTHING to do with the supposedly smooth result of a cosmic big-bang (this is like Ptolemy constant recurrence to ‘new’ ad hoc epicycles to make fit new observations into its earth-centric theory of the Universe). Trust me, any astronomer knows how long this ‘list’ is.

Thus the quasar big-bang follows further the laws of truth (minimalism: Occam’s razor), simplicity and correspondence. WE DO NOT NEED to postulate strange forms of dark energy and dark matter, except the ones KNOWN, repulsive gravitation (to account for the entropic expansion of space between galaxies that balances its contraction), which is ‘natural’ to the model of galactic-atoms; and quark matter to account for the dark matter of the halo. Let us consider this second element in more detail.

**The experimental proof. Earth’s experiments can replicate them**

The ages of the ‘big bang’ can be replicated by merely doing the quark gluon soup on the LHC here on Earth. Thus there is zero difficulty for the awesome reversed process of a quasar explosion to create enough quark gluon soup to replicate all those ages. Other matter are the risks of starting a big-bang ice-9 or ‘gas-9’ process (word coined by this author in his suits against CERN for potential genocide: aka, a run-away creation of top quarks and Higgs (its decay scalar mode: Top quark->2H) on planet Earth.

In that regard,. Œ, reclassifies particles, to understand the 3 ‘ages of evolution’ of information represented by the 3 families of mass and quarks, which are also in close symmetry with the upper cosmic scale, the components of the 3 regions of the galaxy:

- The Top quark star center (black holes MUST be modeled AS real ENTITIES, with a cut-off, ∆-1 ‘cellular substance’ as Einstein wanted. Only Top quarks (Higgs condensates in the parlance of modern physicists) turning faster than c-speed in its internal vortex (hence its enormous attractive mass, which increases with the frequency of its vortex: M=ƒ(h/c2)) have the properties at larger scale of a black hole.

That is, black holes ARE top quark frozen stars, with positive top quarks as their cut off substance.

- The middle region of up and down light human quarks.
- The external negative charged, strangelet halo.

Thus the 5D symmetry between the ∆-1 (particle) and ∆+1 (galaxy) limiting scales of astrophysics is obvious and further proof of the symmetries of T.Œ and its ‘correspondence’ and ‘minimalism’ (proofs of truth in science), since it accounts for the first time for the reason why 3 families of particles and 3 families of stars co-exist, and eliminates the need for further theories and particles beyond the standard model:

Since the 3 ages of evolution of mass of increasing form – I, II and III families of quarks are symmetric – to the 3 regions of the galaxy: Top quark black holes, up and down matter , negative strangelet halo

Symmetry between atoms and galaxies (protons positive top quark holes, negative electrons, strangelet halo).

And so once we have falsified ‘reasonably’ the big bang (we could write hundreds of pages on this, but we have to move on), we can now consider 5D physics, on the known-known Island Universe of our galaxy, its generator equation, 3 ‘relative planes ‘of existence, 3 ages of time and 3 organic parts in space.

** III. UNIFICATION OF CHARGES AND MASSES**

**The unification equation: charges (∆-3) ≈ masses; atoms (∆-3) ≈ galaxies (∆+3)**

*In graph, 3+i scalar ‘big-bang’s at 3+i levels: a Hydrogen, excited sp atom, which is born of the beta decay (big-bang of a nucleon); a galaxy (ours), born of a quasar big-bang (a black hole); and the supposed big-bang of the universe, whose main proof is a mapping of the background radiation obtained ‘only’ on local measures on the same galactic region. *

*The form of each scalar big bang is similar, as the ‘Fractal scales of the 5 ^{th} dimension’ are ruled by the same isomorphic laws. Now the imaginary big bang is likely to be the cosmic as it is so similar to the form of the galaxy in which its local measures of Bg are taken that it seems to be a hyperbolic human expansion of the scale of its real experimental ‘proofs’. *

*Let us remember again that we can only take measures in the surroundings of a small planet and so we must adscribe phenomena to the most local possible domain for an exact theory (basic rule of truth in science: restrict theories to the area of experimental evidence.) Thus the local big bang with a ‘signature’ called B.G. of the exact form of the galaxy is a local phenomena.*

Let us consider an example of what we mean by complexity vs. simplicity. In physics a TOE is reduced to the unification not of all sciences and all languages of knowledge, but only of the 4 forces of nature, gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak force.

This is the saint grail of physicists, which for a century have miserably failed. Why? If as we prove in our article on the Physical TOE, the unification is a mathematical, trivial result of the metric of the 5th dimension? Because they try to achieve that unification with the more complex formulations of quantum and gravitational physics (General relativity and chromo/electrodynamics).

What about the other 2 forces? The similarity between the strong force and the gravitational force ‘inside the atom-galaxy’, both attractive ‘only’ and the outer force of the galaxy (repulsive gravitation aka dark energy) and the outer force of the atom (electromagnetic repulsive expansive forces) is then immediate on the ‘simpler models’, as it is the parallelism between magnetism and gravitomagnetism (Heaviside’s discovery). And many other results follow. Further on, the hierarchy between those forces is also immediate. Well not so immediate, it requires…

Let us study mathematically this question by comparing those two limits of charges and masses beyond which human perception, becomes faulty.

This article introduces in a simplified manner, for non-specialists, a new concept of Mass by extending the Principle of Equivalence of Einstein and the metric of the 5th dimension, deducing from it, a Unification Equation of Charges and Masses. It considers also some philosophical and existential deductions of those results, namely the Absolute Relativity of the Universe and the position of man within it.

The Saint Grail of XX c. physics was the search for a Unification Equation of all the forces of Nature. it remained to unify the forces of gravitation and electromagnetism.

‘Mass’ is an intrinsic property of matter, a vortex of gravitational forces, clearly expressed by Einstein’s Principle of equivalence. So it is charge: a vortex of electromagnetic forces.

Under this result, the definition of both, masses and charges as ‘cyclical clocks’ of gravitational and electromagnetic forces of two different scales (the large scale of cosmological gravitation and the small scale of electromagnetic charges) allows an easy conversion of a gravitational and electromagnetic vortex using the simple Metric of the 5th dimension for a tri-dimensional vortex.

The Unification Equation, thus is a trivial mathematical result in 5D Metric, using the simple concept of a fractal Universe structured in different scales of ‘spatial size’ and ‘temporal information’, in which ‘clocks of time’ accelerate, the smaller we become, but the product of both remains, expressed mathematically in its simple formulation by the Metric of the 5th Dimension: Sp x Tƒ = K.

This result allows the ‘first’ ever-theoretical deduction of the value of the G constant of masses, departing from the Q constant of charges. Both mean the same: the degree of space-time curvature produced by an Eddie of masses or charges in those scales of space-time.

It is however impossible to obtain departing from a single space-time continuum as Mr. Einstein or Mr. Hawking tried, by messing the lineal equations of electromagnetism and the cyclical equations of Relativity (what is called quantum gravity).

So we shall deal here with:

- The concept of a charge and a mass as cyclical vortices of space-time of the two-fractal scales of micro-quantum particles and macro-cosmological ones.

With an Appendix on the Higgs claim to give ‘mass’ to other particles.

- The mathematical, simple, trivial deduction with the metric of the 5th Dimension of the equation of Unification of the two fundamental constants of Nature, Q and G.

III. Finally, we shall consider the implications of those facts – the parallelism between ‘atoms’ and ‘galaxies’, which as in the equations of space-time of Einstein-Walker (which treated galaxies as atoms), are ‘similar’ forms of two scales of the Universe

With an appendix on the philosophical consequences of this, according to a strong hypothesis of the Fractal Universe (scales which are mathematically equal in the 5D metric are really equal).

Then in the 5D metric a galaxy is an atom of the higher scale, a proton has the same Schwarzschild radius equation than a black hole, which should therefore be a top quark star, positively charged (as top quarks are ++) and dark matter in the halo is made of negatively charged strangelets, the equivalent to a nebulae of electrons. Which gives a role to the 3 families of quark mass and makes sense of the purpose of stars (future black holes) and planets (future strangelets – perhaps our destiny in the higher scale, if as all seems to indicate, the Fermi Paradox converts all planets into strangelets, as nuclear physicists make them with their experiments with quark matter condensates)…

Nobody has attempted as we did to unify both, charges and masses using the simplest of all its ‘first’ descriptions:

Newton’s gravitational vortices and Bohr’s model of the Hydrogen orbit. Hardcore scholars that take years to learn Einstein’s Metric, quantum field theory and Dirac’s equations consider those 2 models ‘passé’.

And yet, precisely because the principles of unification are simple, it is through the simplest methods where the coincidences happen.

So I could easily unify charges and masses, obtaining the key parameters, the Gravitational constant and the Coulomb constant, and the relationship of hierarchy (10∆40), between both forces, by the simple method of translating to gravitational vortex-jargon the jargon of electricity, a somehow convoluted abstraction not so intuitive, and then apply the law of co-invariance of the 5th dimension to both vortices, which immediately showed to be in that 10∆40 relationship.

Whereas a charge vortex had clocks of time much faster, and hence turned much faster becoming a much more attractive ‘hurricane of space-time’.

Now, as it happens with gravitation, quantum physics went beyond Bohr’s model and gave us the other ‘3-point of view’. It gave us the static, formal model, of electronic orbitals, the gradient model of energy levels and finally the more sophisticated Hamiltonian analysis of its operators.

And this *final level is the one physicists try by all means to unify. But precisely at that level of detail is where the fractal scales of the Universe which are ‘similar’ but not identical (you are made of space and time and your actions are always the 5 vowels but you do NOT eat light as an electron, or oil as a machine, so you can be unified saying ‘all eats energy’ but not in the specific food).*

Let us consider the first element of that duality, unifying* *masses and charges of gravitation and electromagnetism as vortices of 2 different scales of space-times. Masses and charges are vortices of 2 space-time scales made of 2 relative energetic and informative motions, where gravitation is faster/more extended but carries less information than the slower/less extended world of light and electroweak particles.

The main variation of those vortices of accelerated forces is the one we observe between electronic charges and quark masses, which are the cyclical vortices of those 2 scales of reality, the scale of cosmological vortices of mass and the scale of electroweak vortices of charges.

And so we have to unify those 2 types of cyclical geometries on one side and their lineal, light and gravitational forces, on the other side, as they switch acting either as sinks of space-time (cyclical, non-lineal vortices of increasing acceleration) or as lineal, gravitational or electromagnetic waves in both scales.

Yet since electromagnetism and gravitation are self-similar accelerated vortices of 2 different fractal branes of space-time, the microscopic and cosmologic branes, it follows we should be able to treat them with the same equations of gravitation, either Einstein’s more detailed vortices, defined by the Principle of Equivalence between mass and acceleration or with the classic analysis of Newton, as accelerated vortices with the same geometrical form, whose relative proportion of energy/speed/ distance and information/curvature will be given by 2 different Universal G-Constants.

Thus, we should be able to describe both, the standard Earth-Sun gravitational vortex and Hydrogen, electron-Proton quantum vortex with the same equations, defining them according to the mass of the particles, the rotational speed and 2 different Universal constants, U.C.(i/e):

U(g), the Universal Constant of gravitation that defines a larger/ faster/less curved Gravitational membrane of masses and…

U(q) the Universal constant of charge (Coulomb) that defines a smaller, slower, more curved membrane of quantum light. Since electromagnetism has more information and less energy distance.

Further on, we will be able to prove empirically our hypothesis of 2 self-similar spatial membranes made of light and gravitational quanta, whose only difference is the i/e relative density of information/energy of its cyclical vortices, if the values of the two Universal constants, in those 2 systems (the earth-sun system and the proton-electron system), correspond to their relative empirical value, when we treat them both as mass vortices (being the gravitational constant 10^{39} times weaker than the charge constant).

Let us then go on with the treatment of charges and masses as Newtonian vortices of space-time. In Newton’s equations a mass can be considered a cyclic, accelerated vortex of gravitational space-time defined in classic Newton Mechanics by a centripetal, gravitational acceleration: *ω ^{2}r*.

The same treatment can be done with Poison equations or Relativity equations, which are a static, present, simultaneous picture of Newton’s space-time vortex of acceleration, where G expresses the informative curvature of the space.

Thus if gravitational acceleration is *ω ^{2}r*, then

*F=mg=mω*, and we arrive at

^{2}r= GmM/r^{2}*G=ω*. Where

^{2}r^{3}/M*r*is in meters and

*ω*is angular acceleration in radians per second. So passing the active magnitude of time (mass, or charge or any form of time clock to the left) we obtain a general equation for all physical time vortices of all scales, which will be the template for the Unification of all vortices, in different ‘degrees of mathematical complexity’.

This written as an identity Sp x T ƒ = Sp x Tƒ observed with different parameters writes:

*Γ. Active Magnitude (space-quanta) M x Curvature-speed of the clock (time frequency) G = volume of space r³ x time acceleration w²*

This written in classic mathematical physics, where we consider, using Newton’s notation, a mass a three-dimensional, cyclical accelerated vortex of space-time defined in classic Newton mechanics by a centripetal acceleration, which gives us the classic definition of the universal constant *G (UC), writes* as:

* UC x M=ω ^{2}r^{3}*

where *r* is in meters and ω is the angular acceleration in radians per second of any gravitational orbit.

This simple Newtonian equation, however, in the fractal paradigm, should apply *to any scale of the Universe, able to describe any vortex of space-time by merely changing the value of the universal constant UC (G), but that of the Universal Constant of any other scale. In the case of the microcosmic scale of electromagnetism, the Universal Constant of charge (Ke). Thus, we obtain the fractal equation of any vortex of time:*

Universal constant of a space-time vortex, U (g, k) = w (angular speed)^{2} × radius^{3}/ mass

If this is truth and the Universe is indeed a fractal of several scales, it means that the previous equation will be able to describe *both*, not only a gravitational vortex of space-time in the cosmological scale with the universal constant G, but *also a charge as a quantum vortex of space-time with the universal constant k, the constant of Coulomb.*

Let us then substitute the parameters for the values of the sun (mass) minus earth (rotational speed and radius) to get G. The approximate values are as follows:

Sun mass = 2 × 10^{30} kg; Earth’s angular velocity 2 × 10^{-7 }rad. per sec.

Earth’s orbit = 150 million kms.

Result: G=6.67 × 10 ^{-11} kg-1 m^{3} rad. sec.^{-2}

This is standard gravitational theory. What has never been done, because the fractal paradigm was not known till recently, is to substitute in the same equation of gravitational cosmological masses the mass radius and speed of the space-time vortex by the values of the fundamental quantum space-time vortex, a hydrogen atom/charge.

If the thesis of a fractal universe made of hierarchical scales is truth, then those values should give us the value of the universal constant of charges, the Coulomb constant.

Indeed, if we substitute for the proton (mass) and the Bohr electronic orbital (speed and radius)

4 × 10^{16 }rad. sec.^{ -1 }= w (electron);

5.3 × 10^{-11 }m. (Bohr radius);

proton mass = 1.6 × 10 ^{-27} kg.

Then we get a G, which is 2×10^{39 }stronger than the gravitational radius; thus, the hydrogen atom behaves as a self-similar fractal scale in the quantum world to a solar system.

And then you can get also the electron radius expressed in the jargon of a quantum gravitational world using the translated ‘Gravitational Coulomb constant’: *G(k)M/c ^{2}*.

But since in that expression *M* is the mass of a proton, G(k), the electromagnetic constant as a gravitational constant, and c, the speed of light, that expression is exactly the *Schwarzschild radius of a quantum black hole.*

*Thus, the electron Bohr radius, which is the final radius of minimal size and energy in electrons, is the event horizon of a black hole in the quantum gravitational world*.

To notice those results, the *first theoretical deduction* of Ke departing from G and the enormous simplification of the parameters of the electron radius till arriving to the same expression that a black hole radius cannot be by chance. They are mathematical deductions, one of the three *standard forms of proof in science.*

Yet a theoretical calculus of those values cannot be exact ‘by chance’, unless the theoretical model behind it – the fractal sel-similar structure as Sp x Tƒ entities of all physical systems is right. Thus, the previous calculus is a clear proof that both, charges and masses, are unified as values of the same type of space-time vortices in the 2 different scales of space-time of the Universe. And they are geometrically unified from the p.o.v. of geometrical relativity not from quantum theory, as Einstein wanted it. Thus, the Unification equation in terms of Newtonian mechanics is simple:

For a century, quantum cosmology has tried to obtain this unification, departing from quantum laws. Yet it can be obtained, departing from the gravitational equations of a vortex of space-time. Coulomb already hints at this fact when he decided to use a self-similar formula to that of Newton to describe a charge. What Einstein did was to refine those measures with the concept of simultaneous, present time and the use of the non-Euclidean Ricci tensor/flow, which is a more sophisticated, detailed picture of that curved vortex of space-time.

He, we might say, applied a mathematical method that allows to take a series of still photographs of the vortex with enormous accuracy, but the complexity of his calculus hid the unification equation for a century. So it is evident that we are observing the same geometric vortex at different scales, explained with two different historic jargons.

So indeed, the Universe is a fractal of space-time, with two self-similar membranes. This opens an entire new field of physics, not quantum gravity, the description of cosmology with quantum laws, which is proved false, but fractal relativity, the description of the quantum world as a self-similar membrane to that of the cosmological world.

*Unification Equation: *

*UCG,C = ω ^{2}r^{3}/MUCG,C x M*=

*ω*

^{2}r^{3}M= ω^{2}r^{3}/UCG,CWhere we obtain for 2 UC(i/e) values, G and Q, 2 different space/time scales and vortices acceleration (mass and charges).

2 obvious, simple proofs of that dual, scalar structure:

– Planck’s minimal value for Mass is far bigger (10^{-7} g.) than the minimal value for an electromagnetic action (h), which seems to mean that the mass scale is far bigger than the quantum world.

– The entire standard model works without gravitational forces. Thus we have to postulate that particles are not ‘mass-particles’ but electromagnetic systems, which become elements of mass only when they aggregate in huge numbers, as it happens with electromagnetic photons, which become electrons of the upper scale in huge nebulae.

But we see masses as static forms. This is due to the Galilean paradox: a space-time vortex-mass becomes then statically a space-time distortion, a deformation of space-time, which increases as we decrease size. Since the *deformation of space-time is the same for any cycle. Hence, when we trace a smaller cycle the deformation increases.* And so it does the mass and the U(w), now a static constant of deformation.

This is the interpretation most often assumed of G in Einstein’s Relativity. In a simpler, classic approximation based in fluid dynamics, M/r^{3} becomes the density of space/time and its inverse, R^{3}/m, the displacement of space-time provoked by a given mass. It is then evident by Archimedes Principle that a bigger mass density will provoke a bigger displacement and distortion of space-time an inversely a bigger acceleration towards the central vortex. And since the density of a proton is much higher than the density of a planet, the Universal Constant for an atom is much higher and so it is its angular speed. Does the electromagnetic constant, or static curvature of an atomic system, is much stronger. So it is the density of a proton mass.

This reformulation of electromagnetism simplifies and clarifies the meaning of physics. Yet to grasp the relationships between the quantum world and the cosmos we have to transform, using the new coulomb constant, C=1.5×10^{29}, electromagnetic parameters to the jargon of gravity, departing from its fundamental relationship:

*F=UCC Mm/r ^{2} = e^{2}/4π e_{o}r^{2}*

Then we can translate the main constants of electromagnetism (Rydberg constant, α constant, which denotes the strength of the electromagnetic field, etc.) to the gravitational jargon and again the results obtained are close to the theoretical value.

So it is evident that we are observing the same geometric force at different scales, *explained with 2 different historic jargons*. Further on, as we ‘transform’ the concepts of electromagnetic vortices to gravitational, geometric symbols, the main discoveries of Relativity apply to electromagnetic vortices.

Perhaps the most interesting simplified value under the new U(q) charge constant is the Proton radius that appears with the same formula than a black hole, Schwarzschild horizon.

This means that a quark particle (a hadron, a proton, etc.) is basically a black hole of the quantum, gravitational scale and vice versa: a cosmological black hole might be a deconfined state of billions of ultra-dense quarks. In such fractal Universe, each small particle could from the perspective of a small observer a macrocosmic form. And each atom could be a galaxy. Such fractal Universe validates the Theory of Great Numbers, which are the parameters of self-repetition of the Universe, which might be from a lower perspective a mere atom or black hole of a hyper-Universe.

Now the EXTENSION of the model of electromagnetism, translating its equations to vortex equations of accelerated time is huge.

It means the foundation of the subject with the new physics of 5D time vortices; and makes sense of every part of electromagnetism, a cultural jargon, far more convoluted due to the lack of a precise understanding of it, in the times of Faraday, Franklin et al (for example all physicists do know about the – sign of electrons, an error as electrons are the + absorbing vortices, dominant in the electromagnetic scales NOT protons, which are the quark, dominant in the strong force and its symmetric gravitational informative inner galactic force). And all of them know that the only difference between G and Q is the 1/4e factor which was absorbed in G when Kepler->Newton developed their formulae.

One of the most fascinating results of the understanding of the 5th dimension of space-time, the dimension of fractal scales of space and different speeds of time clocks, is the enormous simplification it implies in our understanding of the fundamental concepts of the Universe, from the meaning of mass and energy, information and time to the solution of the equations yet not solved in classic physics.

In that regard, this new r=evolution of science must be understood as the simplification experimented by astronomy with the arrival of Copernicus which put in the center of the Universe the sun. He was first dismissed precisely for the simplicity of his discovery that made so easy to calculate the orbits of planets. The astronomers of the age found it so simple that they dismissed it. And yet as Einstein put it ‘God is simple and not malicious’. Again when Einstein introduced his most famous formulae, E=mc ², and then his special relativity, he was criticized for the simplicity of the mathematics required to reach those conclusions and Hilbert said it was so easy that a high school could find it.

Tƒ, Sp and Tƒ, Sp are similar concepts. If the reader observes i includes o and æ, a and e, a is in that sense expansive expulsion of energy taken in a larger conceptualization, o and a are the pure energy and form, emitted or absorbed with minimal interference of the being, e and I are the two more elaborated versions which approach to reach and e=I point in which the transformation ends and the being finds an equal connection that I and e are the same, and this realization starts the wave of present, puts in motion the system that finds a cyclical meaning to its communication of two poles and start to move with the purpose of growing and reproduction, Œ

Those masses and charges, prove that the Universe is much more than the physical definition. And we do still have to study the concept of the source, which we shall say now is the Tƒ closed element because once a cycle is closed it finds its purpose in repeating its path (law of the least action). And so it gives purpose to its motion. Closed motions become perceptive motions of its synchronicity with pat actions it is repeating and finding through its memorial logic volume of still time=information, it is itself.

**Equivalence between Mass and Acceleration. Einstein’s Concept of Mass as a Frequency of Information**

** ***In the graph, the evolution of the concept of mass in relativity, from the initial image of an abstract substance in the center of an accelerated vortex of space-time, proper of the abstract, pre–world war age, when Einstein first published his work on gravitation, to the first pictures obtained in bubble chambers in the postwar age, to the realization that each mass is a fractal space-time made of smaller cyclic motions proper of twenty-first century.*

In the graph, for the pedantic observer, which rejects Newton as too simple, over seeded by Einstein, a final note on the multiple perspectives we can have of any event of space-time according to the ∆±1 or Sp, Tƒ, ST perspective we adopt, we classify the 4 standing models of gravitation as relative truths, belonging to the 4 perspectives of reality: Sp< =>Tƒ.

In the graph the 4 obvious descriptions of mathematical physics regarding gravitation: T**iƒ** (relativity, dominant in form)≈ Ft (Newton – dominant in dynamic motion) <-> Ps (Poisson, dominant in past spatial field/gradient-form)≈ Se (Lagrange, dominant in the analysis of the balances of entropic motion-energy):

Ft: Newton is a moving CLOCK LIKE vortex of the same mass-motion regions)

Ps: Poisson is a potential static field of energy gradients..

Se: Hamiltonian-Lagrangian is a dynamic description of the conservative energy of the system.

Tiƒ: Einstein’s simultaneous measures in relativity are a still, formal description in ‘present’ of the gravitational space-time.

And so all of them are equivalent. In fact Einstein derived his work via Poisson from Newton. Today Relativity’ informative mappings of the galaxy space-time are transformed in AMD theory into a Lagrangian-Hamiltonian ‘bidimensional model’, for computer calculations, proving once more the bidimensional structure of space-time.

All are in fact derived one from each other, as Einstein took its beginnings from Poisson, who elaborated on Newton; and the more important of them all the Hamiltonian).

Fractal relativity means on the other hand, that the larger wholes emerge from the smaller ones. So the larger masses emerge from the smaller motions of strong quarks. Its synchronic collective, bigger motions are quark stars, pulsars, and black holes. Today we can model any type of vortex of space-time with fractal mathematics, as each small vortex transfers the momentum to the bigger vortex, which emerges as a macroscopic entity.

Thus, we conclude that a black hole is a fractal concentration of the densest matter of the Universe, quarks, since quarks represent on average more than 99.9% of the matter of our bodies. Those improvements on the details of mass theory, based on the advancement of its mathematical tools (discovery of fractals, chaos theory, and the five postulates of non-Euclidean geometry) is the natural way in which the evolution of science happens, departing from sound logic principles.

In the text quoted from the *New Scientist* that opened chapter 2, we came to the conclusion that the Universe has a fractal structure because it is made of fractal space and fractal time. But what is space and time? In simple terms, here are the two essential morphologies of the Universe: Space is the lineal, expansive energy of the vacuum in eternal motion (seeing as still distance or space, according to the paradox of Galileo). And fractal times are cyclical clocks of information, whose frequency or rhythm encodes the information of the Universe.

So space and lineal energy on one side and time and cyclical clocks of information on the other are synonymous. The static, continuous concepts of space and time become then sums of discontinuous, moving pieces of energy and infinite clocks of information that our senses put together into an abstract continuous single space-time.

One we have “exploded” and given movement to the abstraction of space and time, it is easy to recognize the minimal bytes of energy and bits of information of the real, physical Universe. Physical information, masses and charges, and physical energy, forces, which are not substances but motions, events in time of cyclical, informative nature (masses and charges) or energetic, spatial, expanding shape (energy), that constantly transform into each other ad eternal, creating the essential rhythm of the physical Universe:

*E (forces) < => Tƒ- Particles (masses and charges)*

The key to grasp the concept of mass as a vortex of acceleration are two physical laws: one of classic relativity, the principle of equivalence between accelerated motions and masses, and one of fractal relativity, the paradox of Galileo, the fact that we perceive reality either as a moving energy (in the case of a mass, as a vortex) or as fixed space (in the case of mass as a particle). All moves and doesn’t move depending on the way we look at it. Thus, all spaces have inner motion, even if our senses don’t see that motion or fix that motion into forms of in/form/ation.

Mass is the great problem unresolved by quantum physicists in their model of the Universe since it is not an energetic but an informative form. Einstein, who had a visual, geometrical image of mass, defined it as a vortex that absorbed space-time, attracting in its flow everything else traveling on that space-time as a bathtub attracts all what is in the water it absorbs.

How did Einstein come to that idea? As many textbooks and visualizations explain, he realized that when we accelerate, as it happens in a Formula 1 car or a lift, we feel more weight. Thus, he made a bold statement: mass and acceleration are the same. If we feel mass when we accelerate, it is because mass is acceleration. But what type of acceleration?

The answer is actually quite simple, because it turns out that Newton had long ago discovered a beautiful formula to describe all the forces of the Universe: F=m × a.

Where *a *means a lineal acceleration and so *m* must be a cyclical acceleration. Indeed, there are no more types of accelerations and so Einstein (using, of course, more complex mathematics than Newton to refine his calculus, as mathematics had evolved a lot since Newton’s time) postulated that masses would be vortices of space-times *since only a vortex is a cyclical, accelerated movement.*

That principle of equivalence is the fundamental principle in which general relativity is based. It states merely that mass and cyclical acceleration are the same. It means in layman terms that a mass is not a material form but a movement. And of course, because that movement is an inward, cyclical movement, it deploys a resistance to be pushed outward in a lineal manner, which from our macroscopic view seems to give mass a solid position.

Again this is intuitive. If you are a very small being turning at full speed, it will be very difficult to push you away. When you see a skater in a ring, he speeds up and closes his arms to move faster and become more stable in his position. Thus, the homology between acceleration and mass defines for a curved space the meaning of a mass, and the paradoxical fact that the smaller the vortex is, the faster it turns and the bigger the mass is. It is the same that happens in any tornado or hurricane: the closest you are to the center, the faster you turn and the more attractive the tornado is.

In that sense, what you experience as weight is the inertial resistance to any displacement of a vortex anchored in a point of space-time. The same happens in our macro universe when a skater turns around and bends his arms to spin faster. If he opens his arms spreading his vortex, he decelerates and moves easier in a lineal direction.

A mass is thus the inertial force that we need to push away, the accelerated vortex. Those vortex like spirals accelerating in a curved path, inward, are like the pictures we observe in accelerators, or the most recent pictures of masses we have obtained, in which indeed we see a fluctuating vacuum with the form of a vortex. Further on, we know that the frequency or rotational speed of those vortices, called spins, is related to the mass of each particle. So we have both, logic and experimental proofs. Of course, I have used here and will continue using the simple mathematics of Newton and the visual thought experiments of Einstein, to describe those concepts because this is a book for non-specialists.

Already Descartes said that the Universe was made of vortices and “res extensa,” that is, lineal space. What Einstein did was to apply the most modern non-Euclidean mathematics of his day to those well-known principles. So he improved greatly the detail of those vortices, as non-Euclidean geometry allowed much more refined calculations than those we could do with the mathematics of Newton, but in essence the principles stayed. So we can explain very easily in an intuitive manner, thanks to the principle of equivalence, a mass with a simple equation:

*Equivalence principle: mass = curved acceleration= cyclical vortex that resists displacement*

If we use the simpler mathematics of Newton to define Einstein’s mass, we can see in more detail the properties of such vortices, which can be described as *fluid vortices of the bits of information, the particles that create any of the multiple fractal space-time membranes of the Universe. Consider the simplest bidimensional equation of a vortex:*

*Vortex Speed × Radius-size of vortex = Vo × Ro = Constant Value*

Since the product of the speed and the radius is constant, the shorter the radius, the faster the speed. What this means is that any vortex paradoxically accelerates faster when it is smaller. So the product of a growing speed and diminishing radius remains constant. Hence we find that smaller particles that rotate faster have more mass. So the electron, which is bigger and rotates slower than the quark has less mass. In fact, the electron’s mass is 0.1% of the mass of an atom, which is all stored in the inner faster-rotating smaller quarks and gluons.

While in the cosmological scale, the black hole, which rotates at light speed and occupies the minimal space of all the cosmic bodies, is the most massive form of the Universe. Then it becomes a quark star called a pulsar, which has a center of strange quarks and a surface of dense neutrons. It rotates also very fast, near the speed of light, and it has an enormous mass.

We do not know what the substance of black holes is, but Einstein called them frozen stars and he said that if we were to obey the laws of the scientific method, they had to have a cut-off substance. Then when he died, we found quarks and so it is obvious that black holes, the densest rotating stars of the Universe, should be made of top quarks, the densest top quarks of the quantum world. Since black holes have very similar properties to those of a quark star or pulsar, ultra dense stars with enormous rotational speed, this fact reinforces the thesis that black holes are top stars.

But this fact, which anyone can understand, is ignored by quantum cosmologists because they don’t believe in Einstein; and of course, those who believe in Einstein are merely interested in the use of the more complex mathematical model of gravitation and mass, in which the principle of equivalence of Newton and Einstein is not so clear. The details of the trees prevent them from seeing the big picture of the forest. But here we are concerned with the picture that tells us that quarks are the atoms of the densest black holes and quark stars because only among the known particles, quarks are that heavy, and only among the known celestial bodies, black holes and quark stars are that heavy.

Further on, because dark matter represents 75% of the universe’s mass, very likely, dark matter is made of black holes, pulsars, and other types of quark stars.

Now when you get into details, the word *vortex* is substituted by *spin*, the word *curved cycle* by non-Euclidean geometry, and you use also two different names for the type of forces displayed by quark vortices (strong forces) and by black holes and pulsars (gravitational forces) because we are talking of two fractal scales of reality, the quantum microscopic world and the cosmological world. But those details that we will explain later in depth, unifying both scales, gravitation, and the quantum world with fractal equations (a long goal of Mr. Einstein, which I found thanks to the expansion of the postulates of non-Euclidean geometry that Mr. Einstein lacked) are of no importance to understand in simple mathematics, the meaning of mass:

*Max. rotational speed × min. radius= quarks and black holes= the densest masses of the cosmos*

*Med. rotational speed × med. radius = electrons and stars*

*0 rotational speed × max. radius = light = 0 mass*

It is in those terms how it becomes easy to understand the different masses of different particles and cosmic bodies, related to their angular momentum or spin: the electron which turns slower in a wider circumference is far lighter than the proton that turns faster in a smaller space, which is lighter than the black hole which turns to the limit of speed of our world.

While the mass of light is zero because the electromagnetic wave never closes in to itself, but once it has made half a circumference downward, it switches upward and so it moves as a transversal, lineal wave without mass and maximal, infinite radius: *0 mass × infinite radius = K.*

In detail, light has an insignificant bit of mass because due to the rotation of galaxies (Mach principle), it has some curvature and it acquires more mass/frequency when it rotates around a quark or black hole vortex, finally evolving into a more complex form, absorbed by an electron, quark, or black hole.

Now it is easy to understand how mass (rotational motion) becomes energy (lineal movement) and vice versa (E=mc2 and M=E/c2). E=mc2 means just that when energy approaches the c-limit of speed of our space-time, as it cannot go faster, it deflects its energy that curls into cyclical motion into mass. This, of course, is another thing CERN pretends to research with the quark cannon. Because using quantum equations and Higgs particles, there is no way to understand how energy becomes mass and vice versa.

The Universe is simple. So a simpler explanation of reality is more truth, even if it is experimentally less refined in its initial conception. For example, Copernicus was simpler than Ptolemy. Further on, for many years, till Kepler and Newton refined its elliptical orbits into ellipses, Copernicus’s cyclical orbits were less accurate than Ptolemaic calculus, but the principles were sounder: The sun was put in the center and that simplified enormously the model.

So it satisfied better Occam’s principle. That is what the principle of equivalence between acceleration and gravity of Newton and Einstein does with masses: by considering that particles are cyclical, accelerated motions, not substances, this sounder principle simplifies all calculus, explains logically how mass attracts like a hurricane of space-time, and so it must be truer than the complicated quantum theories *of mass, as the Higgs Mechanism, which does not even explain how mass attracts in a coherent manner.*

__Connecting knots: De Broglie, mass, frequency and time and energy dilation__

But this is NOT the internal property of mass, which is a vortex of accelerated gravitational time, E=mc2+E=hƒ->M=ƒ(K).

We shall latter a more detailed analysis on the first concepts of quantum physics and its relationship with 5D, physics around those 2 Einstein equations and De Broglie’ interpretations of it, as he found that all physical ‘quanta’ had a body-wave and a head-particle as they move over an energy field:

Sp (lineal field) < ST – wave < Spherical Particle of information.

And so he wrote: λ x P (mv) = H (Planckton)

Written in 5D as Vs. (Sp-field) > l (ST-wave) > m (Tƒ) = H

But while this is now standard 1st course of physics, what is of interest in De Broglie original paper is its disquisitions about the difference between the wave internal clock and the particle clock, as he focused on the ‘time element’ of E=Hv, and how *time changed its clock slowing down as the wave-particle increased its speed-length in the 5th dimension, by a proportion, which we should now remark is equal to Einstein’s increase of energy of the system in Special relativity, such as, if we consider that an increase in the speed of the wave is in fact a growth of the wave space-distance: ∆ L = -∆Tƒ x ∆ Es =K,*

**Scales are similar NOT equal.**

It is important to notice though that the Universe of 5D planes is fractal, ruled by the 3rd postulate of ¬Æ, of similarity not equality, as fractals are not equal in scales, but similar with internal parts that might differ even if the outside form of the point seems equal to an external observer.

Thus self-similarity is not equality, an atom is self-similar to a galaxy but NOT likely a galaxy – reason why for example quantum cosmology, which models galaxies as atoms (albeit without the conceptual 5D understanding) does not give us exact results.

Quantum cosmologists consider by using exactly the same equations (in their ad hoc method with no conceptual reasoning) ‘identical’ the scales of the cosmos and the quantum world, so they use quantum equations for all. This is a hyperbolic error. We have equations for each scale and what we can show, as we did here, is the self-similarities of scales.

All in all, it is evident that what we call a black hole or pulsar is made of quark quanta; it is a fractal of quarks. Thus we can apply to its vortices the laws of Newtonian fluids or the more complex equations of a Non-Euclidean vortices of space-time, as we do with any other ‘medium’ called a ‘phase space’ in physics. They can be considered akin to a hurricane, which is a ‘medium’ of air molecules, or to a tornado, which is a medium of water molecules. All those mediums have limits of speed, which are the same for their lineal forces and cyclical vortices:

Light space-time has a c-speed limit, which is also the limit of speed of a rotational electron vortex and a 0 K limit.

Dark energy and quark matter belonging to the gravitational membrane seems to have a c<10 c lineal and rotational speeds.

Because each space-time membrane has vortices of information and energetic, lineal forces, we need equations of self-similarity, relating informative vortices of charges and masses on one side and gravitational and electromagnetic waves on the other. This is done with gravito-magnetism, which relates cosmic gravitational, lineal waves and electro-magnetic fields. So, the gravito-magnetic formalism just needs to be properly fit within the wider concept of 2 self-similar fractal space-times, to define in self-similar terms, light waves and dark-energy waves of gravitation; as the elementary, actions-units of the 2 fractal scales.

Needless to say if a proton is a black hole of the inferior scale, a black hole is a quark condensate. And measures give us black holes as ‘top quark condensates’.

Needless to say, the philosophical conundrum of the self-similarity of forces and forms on both scales cannot be solved experimentally. If the Universe is self-similar between those 2 scales, but those are the limits of scales of reality, there is nothing below the atom or over the galaxy. If the Universe is infinite in its scales we are nothing to the whole. And yet while the first answer pleases our ‘anthropocentric world view’, the second answer is far more logical and in accordance with the evolution of science and thought.

It would then mean that the Universe is absolutely relative. That is, reality is not only as General Relativity proved, relative in all its motions, which depending on the observer might be seen as motion or as stillness (so Galileo found the Earth moves but we see it still), but it would be also absolutely relative in scales.

Which form together the 5th dimension of the Universe. This fifth dimension in which science has worked since the first telescopes and microscopes opened it to our eyes, however has not been understood in logic terms at all beyond the beginning represented by Einstein, on my view by a lack of philosophical and logical depth in the work of physicist*s. *

We deal here, when talking of the fifth dimension with a concept that should have been obvious: if physics study in general relativity time as space, in a present slice, the total time includes a flow from past to future, and from the microcosms to the future evolution of more complex structures, from smaller to bigger scales – and those dimensions, the past, already evolved flows of time that created scales from the micro-quantum world to the macro-gravitational world, are the 5th and 6th dimension which physics does not study but must be understood to evolve science.

General relativity studies the ‘present, continuum space-time’ (hence spatializes time to gain precision in the measure by creating a simultaneous frame of reference). And Absolute relativity is the next step expanding the study of time with both, logic and geometric, topological, mathematical non-Euclidean tools.

I recall the only time I could give a conference on that unification at Sonoma’s 50 anniversary of Systems Sciences, in which many top physicists were present.

They were first in awe that such simple equations as a 3 dimensional vortex could unify and extract the never found theoretical result of G and Q (we have only empirical measures), solve the hierarchy problem and further on as I develop a bit more the gravitational ‘jargon’ of charges, prove that the Proton radius was equal to the black hole radius so an atom was self-similar to a galaxy and the scales of the Universe were infinite through the 5th dimension.

Then someone raised his hand and told me what Hilbert told to Einstein when we published special relativity: the mathematics is too simple (Hilbert quipped that they were at the level of an undergraduate), and the enthusiasm waned. Within months NY Times published in its Sunday magazine a cover with my suit to the Nuclear Industry and that killed my career with ad hominem so I loss all my scholar positions and never gave more master conferences…

But that is another story of the limits of ethics in science. What matters here is to realize of the multiplicity aroused by the 4 pillars of all descriptions of reality. And the Occam’s razor: simpler is better.

**The strong principle of equivalence: mass as a vortex of gravitational time.**

Mass is the attractive, in/forming force of the Universe; and it is merely the last, accelerated, curved motion of the gravitational force. Einstein explained this with his principle of equivalence between acceleration and mass/gravitation. Initially, due to the ‘mirage’ of materialism, physicists thought the principle only applied to the external, curving vortex of gravitational forces that sunk into the mass. But the mass as a solid substance was never found and all pictures have seen merely vortices of curved motions.

Now we can explain all this and take further, conceptually and mathematically the discoveries of Einstein, thanks to the advances of complexity. In this post we shall deal at the simplest possible level with empirical, theoretical and mathematical demonstrations of those concepts, considering some of the new advances on theory of information and astro-physics, we are making departing from Einstein’s insight.

*
***Einstein’s mass theory **

*I*n Physics, according to Einstein the information of a particle is its mass. This can be easily proved theoretically, mathematically and empirically.

In the previous pictures there is an obvious empirical proof. All pictures of masses and charges appear as vortices with an accelerated inward motion. Let us now deal with the other proofs (and let us remember that truth in epistemology of science is based in 3 pillars – empirical, logical and mathematical proofs.

*Einstein’s Conceptual proof.*

Now this simple equation is in accordance with Einstein’s Principle of equivalence between acceleration and gravitational force. Both are *the same in General Relativity.* And so why we should stop this ‘comparison’ at a certain point of the accelerating vortex? Since in the Universe we have never seen ‘substance’ but only motions, it is logic to think that what we call a mass is exactly that: the final region of acceleration into a vortex of gravitational forces. Such vortex obviously offers a resistance to motion (inertial mass), which is dependent of the speed/acceleration of such motion.

Einstein’s Mathematical proof

The mathematical proof is simple, given by the 2 main equations of Einstein, which relate the frequency of information (a time parameter), the mass and the energy of physical systems:

ExT=K, E=Mc^{2}, hence M=K/T=Kv; where v is the frequency of rotation of the vortex of mass.

Thus a mass is a vortex of space-time that carries the information of the Universe in its frequency.

This also has empirical proofs: All vortices attract inwards with a force equivalent to the strength of the rotating vortex. So a hurricane attracts more when it turns faster. And so a mass, which is a hurricane of space-time attracts more the faster it turns. Moreover vortices of all kind are ‘accelerating’ inwards: Vo x Ro = K, which means that the shorter the radius is, Ro, the faster its speed, Vo, so the closer you come to the vortex, the faster it turns, the more it attracts, the stronger its gravitational force is, and the more mass it has.

*B*ut what type of accelerated motion? Well it turns out that there are only two accelerated motions, lineal and cyclical accelerations. Further on, accelerated motions can produce forces that ‘work’. And Newton gave us a simple equation to describe ‘all’ the forces of the Universe: F = M (cyclical acceleration) x A (lineal acceleration). This is fascinating because it means that the Universe is made of 2 accelerated motions: F = M x A, where A is lineal acceleration or ‘energy’ and Mass is a vortex with more dimensional form, or cyclical acceleration, whose form and frequency carry the in-form-ation of the Universe.

Of course when we enter into deeper analysis of the mathematical details, a mass vortex is more complex. Einstein described it with a set of equations that go beyond the scope of this introduction. But there is a different version of those equations much simpler – the gravito-magnetic version, recently proved experimentally by a Probe, which are mimetic from the equations of electromagnetism.

And so since charges are obvious accelerated vortices of electromagnetic forces, it is self-evident that if masses produce a self-similar field system, they will be accelerated vortices of gravitational forces.

As Einstein put it ‘the Universe is simple and not malicious’. And so there you have, the 3 simplest, more important equations of Physics, F=m a, E=Mc2, E=hv and then the more complex, equally essential Maxwell and Einstein’s equations come all together to accept mass as an *‘internal’ property that define mass and hence need no further fields and esoteric particles to be explained.*

**Some extra-ordinary solutions obtained with Mr. Einstein’s Principle of Strong Equivalence.**

So we return to objective science and bring different perspectives to explain basic physical phenomena, and the simpler answers unlike the Germanic view are considered the more harmonic and larger truth: such as why certain particles like a black hole have more mass, while others like a photon have no mass?

It is really because particles are ‘prescient’ and foresee the arrival of a celebrity (they are also conscious) coming to it, distinguishing them? Or something more objective, physical and normal; as the Higgs interpretation for common consume would believe? Not, obvious. The Answer is because its vortex of time is faster.

Of course something more normal when we describe a mass as an accelerated vortex, whose frequency of rotation gives us like in a hurricane its speed and strength and attractive power. Then all the questions still unknown about mass and energy become solved:

– First, why and how energy becomes mass in that equation, E=Mc2. This is simple Energy is lineal acceleration, mass is cyclical acceleration, thus a mere topological change of the form of motion transforms one into the other. The Universe is eternal, made of motions. And so one becomes the other in the c-limit speed of our space-time membrane.

– Then why antiparticles have inverse time coordinates? Self-evident: they are time vortex that turns clock wards.

– Then, why black holes attract so much being so small? Obvious. The event horizon is the c-limit of speed that curves light into mass. So they turn at c-speed, and they are very small. Thus the frequency of its mass-cycle that is proportional to its speed and inverse to its length is the maximal possible in the Universe.

– So why light has no mass? A tautology: Light does not close a cycle, but it is a wave that deflects the cycle into an open wave. Hence it never has mass. But if we were to calculate its mass in terms of energy the higher the frequency of the web (analogous to the mass frequency) the more mass-energy it has.

– Then there is the scalar, fractal structure derived of the homology of the equations of charges and masses, which however exist in two different scales. This is a key discovery for the fractal structure of the Universe and proves one of my fundamental mathematical findings:__ __the unification equation of the G and Ke Universal constants of charges and masses as two vortices of two fractal discontinuous scales of space-time, the quantum, smaller world and cosmic upper scale.

And we will return to that at the end of this article, when considering in depth the consequences of upholding and evolving Einstein’s theory of mass, instead of seeking and absurd scalar particle that explains so little…

– Finally, why the Universe accelerates between galaxies? It is accelerating and will end into pure entropy? No. Self-evident. Physicists ignore the meaning of information and mass and they have a continuous theory of space. None of that works anymore. As each time cycle ‘breaks’ space into an inner and outer region. So do the time cycles of the Universe of which the biggest clock is a galaxy that ‘warps space into time-mass’. So the acceleration of space between galaxies is balanced by its warping within them.

And both balance each other: gravitation informs light-space into mass vortices, galaxies. And then light-space the substance of which our space is made, once it abandons the galaxy, stretches his frequency (Doppler effect as ‘real’) till its ‘generational time cycle’ of around 10 up to 10 years dissolves it back into non-perceivable, lineal, gravitation with no form. But this and so many other fascinating results of a proper theory of time cycles require more knowledge of physics that I expect a non-physicists to have, so we shall end here the simpler version of Einstein’s mass theory.

**5D Unification from the perspective of electromagnetism: Heaviside equations.**

Following with the concept of an atom-galaxy, albeit slightly different, as all fractal scales have slightly different laws, we come to the opposite view: to describe gravitation with the equations of electromagnetism.

We notice in the graphs of a hydrogen atom and the galaxy, which in Einstein-Walker model of the Universe was in fact modeled as a hydrogen atom one of the most fascinating proofs of the fractal structure of the Universe in infinite self-similar scales of lineal forces of ‘spatial energy’ and cyclical particles of ‘informative time’ are the recently found ”excited S-orbitals’ of the galaxy: two bubbles of electromagnetic energy, with exactly the same form that the S orbitals of an atom have in its excited states. This fascinating image, beyond a discussion about galaxies as atoms in an infinite eternal fractal Universe, responds to two of the new ‘invariances’ of absolute relativity.

If Einstein showed that all systems are invariant to motions and rotations in space, Absolute relativity adds the invariance of scale (so gravitational and quantum scales are self-similar in properties) and the invariance of form (so its topologies are also the same).

So what the previous image shows is the self-similarity of the quantum, electro-magnetic and cosmological, gravitational membranes of space-time. They are the 2 main fractal scales of space-time of the Universe. In this post on the future of science we introduce the mathematical equation that unifies the constants of both forces, G and Q, complementary to the Gravito-magnetic equations recently proved by Probe A, which express Einstein’s field equations in a format self-similar to that of electromagnetic forces.

According to general relativity, the gravitational field produced by a rotating object (or any rotating mass–energy) can, in a particular limiting case, be described by equations that have the same form as in classical electromagnetism. Starting from the basic equation of general relativity, the Einstein field equation, and assuming a weak gravitational field or reasonably flat space-time, the gravitational analogs to Maxwell’s equations for electromagnetism, called the “GEM equations”, can be derived. GEM equations compared to Maxwell’s equations in SI units are:

**In the graph Gravito electromagnetism**, abbreviated **GEM**, refers to a set of formal analogies between the equations for electromagnetism and relativistic gravitation; specifically: between Maxwell’s field equations and an approximation, valid under certain conditions, to the Einstein field equations for general relativity. The most common version of GEM is valid only far from isolated sources, and for slowly moving test particles.

The analogy and equations were first published in 1893, before general relativity, by Oliver Heaviside as a separate theory expanding Newton’s law, differing essentially only by some small factors.

**Lorentz force**

For a test particle whose mass *m* is “small”, in a stationary system, the net (Lorentz) force acting on it due to a GEM field is described by the following GEM analog to the Lorentz force equation:

Where:

*m*is the mass of the test particle;*q*is the electric charge of the test particle;**v**is the velocity of the test particle.

The acceleration of any inertial test particle is simply the same (above graph), changing the ‘names’ of the lineal and cyclical motions.

The discrepancy in the factors arises because the source of the gravitational field is the second order stress–energy tensor, as opposed to the source of the electromagnetic field being the first order four-current tensor. This difference becomes clearer when one compares non-invariance of relativistic mass to electric charge invariance. This can be traced back to the spin-2 character of the gravitational field, in contrast to the electromagnetism being a spin-1 field.

We shall see along these articles specially on the 4th line the enormous importance that the concept of spin has for the structure of the Universe; as it is the minimal unit of information and perception of reality. And the first step in the construction of all forms of information, perception and reproduction of reality, and the emergence of new forms of ‘social organization’ that ultimately emerge as new planes of existence of physical systems.

**In Planck units**

From comparison of GEM equations and Maxwell’s equations it is obvious that −1/(4π *G*) is the gravitational analog of vacuum permittivity, *ε*_{0}. Adopting Planck units normalizes *G*, *c* and 1/(4π *ε*_{0}) to 1, thereby eliminating these constants from both sets of equations. The two sets of equations then become identical but for the minus sign preceding 4π in the GEM equations.

These minus signs stem from an essential difference between gravity and electromagnetism: electrostatic charges of identical sign repel each other, while masses attract each other.

Hence the GEM equations are simply Maxwell’s equations with mass (or mass density) substituting for charge (or charge density), and −*G* replacing the Coulomb force constant 1/(4π *ε*_{0}).

The following table summarizes the results thus far:

4π appears in both the GEM and Maxwell equations, because Planck units normalize *G* and 1/(4π*ε*_{0}) to 1, and not 4π*G* and 1/*ε*_{0}.

In the graph, we can see the main different between the gravito-magnetic field and the electromagnetic-field, which in terms of ‘spin orientation’, could be resumed in the concept that gravito-magnetism is the ‘anti-particle’ of electromagnetism as both are inverted in the direction of the angular momentum and the magnetic field.

Now it is important to observe a fundamental law of 5 D Physics: between planes of the 5th dimension

Yet since spin and magnetism are also inverted (left handed/right handed), the series of ‘growing cyclical vortices’ which ‘feed into each other’ as they emerge into larger configurations, as in the case of lineal momentum, in which each new ‘flow of lineal motion’ has the inverse direction of the previous ones (so the couple of neutrinos that give birth to photons in the neutrino theory of light, have longitudinal polarization, and the photon, transversal polarization, going in opposite directions, and then the electron, which feeds on electromagnetic fields have inverse direction and the electric current that is born of the electron displacement is also inverse in direction).

All in all physical systems in their directions of emergence as social wholes sustained by the energy and form of the lower scale follow a FUNDAMENTAL law of 5D metric:

|∆-1 ∧ O∆ ∧ | ∆+1

Which means that as we grow in scale the functions and forms of the points become inverted.

This approximate reformulation of gravitation as described by general relativity in the weak field limit makes an apparent field appear in a frame of reference different from that of a freely moving inertial body. This apparent field may be described by two components that act respectively like the electric and magnetic fields of electromagnetism, and by analogy these are called the *gravito-electric* and *Gravitomagnetic* fields, since these arise in the same way around a mass that a moving electric charge is the source of electric and magnetic fields.

The main consequence of the *Gravitomagnetic* field, or velocity-dependent acceleration, is that a moving object near a rotating massive object will experience acceleration not predicted by a purely Newtonian (gravitoelectric) gravity field. More subtle predictions, such as induced rotation of a falling object and precession of a spinning object are among the last basic predictions of general relativity to be directly tested.

Indirect validations of gravitomagnetic effects have been derived from analyses of relativistic jets.

Roger Penrose had proposed a frame dragging mechanism for extracting energy and momentum from rotating black holes. Relativistic jets can serve as the largest and brightest form of validations for gravitomagnetism.

Some higher-order gravitomagnetic effects can reproduce effects reminiscent of the interactions of more conventional polarized charges. For instance, if two wheels are spun on a common axis, the mutual gravitational attraction between the two wheels will be greater if they spin in opposite directions than in the same direction. This can be expressed as an attractive or repulsive gravitomagnetic component.

* When asked at CERN on those themes, Mr. Hawking merely replied: ‘i don’t understand’. And yet since ‘the Universe is simple but not malicious’, anyone with high school knowledge of physics will be able to grasp it.*

The parallelism between the equations of electromagnetism and Gravitation were discovered by that forgotten Genius, Heaviside, *even before Einstein discovered his. Then it was found that Heaviside and Einstein’s equation were self-similar in a gravitational field on flat space-time, which is more or less all the space-time of the Universe except the ‘peaks’ of height that black holes form.*

Recently Probe B proved that gravito-magnetism (the equivalent to magnetism in the gravitational cosmological scale) exists. So the equations were right. And yet, this ‘new generation’ of mechanical physicists keep ignoring the implications of this and many self-similar discoveries that back Heaviside vision and the fractal nature of the Universe.

Let us then take further their work using that self-similarity to its ultimate consequences, considering the Q-constant just self-similar to the gravitational constant and finding what are the parallel particles of both scales.

Physical Reality is made of dual energetic/informative states (complementarity principle particle-wave): Cyclic vortices/ particles develop lineal actions-waves in 2 scales, the microscopic quantum world of Electromagnetism and the macroscopic, gravitational world. Once the duality of scales and forms is understood, we unify the constants of dimensional proportionality of both types of vortices and forces, studying transversal waves of ‘lineal speed’ in both scales of the fractal universe: the c-speed of small electromagnetic waves, and we contend, the superluminal ‘action at distance’ of gravitational waves.

**A conceptual analysis of mass and charges, its scales and 5D metric.**

That is the Universe of infinite 5D scales, is the integration of all its parts, smaller ∆±in islands universes that co-exist across 3 scales of the 5th dimension:

-The ±1 quantum-cellular/organic-thermodynamic/social-gravitational scales, both in its sequential time order, as they ‘increase its information and diminish in space, >and its spatial polar order, as they exchange simultaneously energy motion, <, and information, perception, >, between its 2 poles, SP<ST>TƑ.

Then using the metric of the 5th dimension, if we accelerate and diminish a galaxy, in its two parameters:

Sp (size) x Tƒ (angular momentum) =K

Alas, it resolves the Saint Grail of Physics, the unification of charges and masses. As its equations matches those of the atom.

So the atom and the galaxy are two vortices of electromagnetic and gravitational forces, which in the metric of the 5th dimension are easily unified changing the jargon of electromagnetism to that of Gravitation.

Indeed in those metric each atom is similar to a galaxy. The proton has the Schwarzschild radius, as if it were a black hole of a galaxy atom… the electron seems a halo of negative strangelets. But the mass relationship is inverse, so actually the scales of the 5th dimension change sign – the galaxy is similar to a ginormous antiparticle; dark energy can be modeled as repulsive gravitomagnetic waves – the equivalent of transversal electromagnetism… Not surprisingly the Walker-Einstein equations of Relativity model Galaxies like Hydrogen atoms.

How this can be possible requires some conceptual and mathematical analysis. So we shall explain the concepts behind and then prove mathematically the equation or T.O.E. which physicists have so long looking for – the unification of forces, charges and masses.

Now what seems surprising here is the fact that mass appears quantized, and the question of what is the quanta of mass remains to be clarified. Usually people hint that it might be a Planck Mass:

M_{p}=√hc/G ≈ 10 ^{-9 }kg

About the mass of a flea egg.

This as well as the large speed-distance of a second of light motion has always been a puzzle to scientists which study the lower scales of the thermodynamic and quanta world, but actually is one of the clearest proofs of the scalar nature of the 5^{th} dimension as gravitational scales are well above our human scale corresponding to the galactic scale.

But if such is the minimal quanta of mass, what happens below that scale? Well, the standard model of particles does not give them rest mass.

So we must conclude something which should be obvious if physicists had the idea of fractal space-time clear enough: below a scale of the Planck mass there is NOT rest mass, particles at rest. All of them are moving.

In the same manner that there is a minimal H-planckton below which there is no possibility to ‘exist’ and so we do have the uncertainty principle of h, as the minimal quantity in which there are ‘quantum systems fully formed’, and this is the reason why the electron does have a minimal orbit, as it ‘disintegrates’ below that orbit, that is, becomes ‘something else’ absorbed by the nucleus (to form normally a neutron), below the level of the flea egg all contributions to the mass we observe are in the form of ‘energy’, of open motions.

This of course does NOT mean below that scale systems are NOT affected by gravitational fields. It simply means they are NOT at rest in a gravitational field, they are like the electron in its orbit, not at rest as a center of mass, as a point of view, as a fixed form. They are NOT forming ‘mass organisms’, but are under the thermodynamic and quantum effects of different energies. They CAN be enclosed into a mass organism, but they are then ‘energy’ of it. And if their inner thermodynamic or quantum-electromagnetic energy is strong enough they will ‘break the enclosure’ and set themselves free…

Or stated in a different manner, which I assume will be denied by the non-philosopher of science (and the modern one, which long ago submissive to physicists forgot what the ‘masters’, Aristotle, Descartes and Leibniz told us about unmoved minds-gods, the units of ‘thought’):

a mass-center is a fixed frame of reference, a fractal world in itself, which does NOT move, as it can convert into an informative, gravitational mirror-mind the energies around it. It is a territorial top predator. And in the world of masses, this is a top quark on the low scale and a black hole on the large scale.

As it happens the Planck mass is nature’s maximum allowed mass for point-masses (quanta) – in other words, a mass capable of holding a single elementary charge.

If two quanta of the Planck mass or greater met, they could spontaneously form a black hole whose Schwarzschild radius equals their Compton wavelength.^{[}

Once such a hole formed, other particles would fall in, and the black hole would experience runaway, explosive growth (it WILL NOT evaporate via Hawking radiation). And as it does so it will diminish its temperature, M=K/T, the active magnitude of its lower ∆-thermodynamic scale, as it is ‘digested’ and converted into this other plane, as ‘mass’ quanta, as top quarks.

Nature’s stable point-mass particles, electrons and quarks, are many, many orders of magnitude lighter than the Planck mass and cannot form black holes in this manner.

On the other hand, extended objects (as opposed to point-masses) can have any mass. Do they have in its center ‘top quarks’. Not necessarily.

Let us remember that a system does have a membrane and a center, which is the last part to be formed.

The liquid present state does NOT have a particle center. It is a liquid enclosed by a pressure surface, a wall, a surface tension. A wave does NOT have a center, unless the photon is formed at certain ‘level’ of frequency, it has only the enclosure.

Mass effects thus do not require a ‘pure mass center’, with ‘zero-temperature’, but there is this huge region in between, with ‘cool temperatures’ and heavy masses, and centers of mass which do have some motion, but are quite cool, normally dense, solid states and crystals, or regions of high density pressure, in which there are mass and thermodynamic combined effects and also electromagnetic interactions.

This is how the Universe is built. It is NOT one-dimensional but ternary. Most entities have 3 states interplaying and none is pure.

As the Chinese said when all is yin and all is yang, the system backs off, as those perfect future and past states are somehow dead states.

So in our Universe we do exist as humans in liquid, gas and solid state, and the liquid middle state dominates, we do have electromagnetic, gravitational and thermodynamic processes, and thermodynamic processes dominate.

That is the fun and complexity of it: the 3 scales co-exist, as you co-exist as cell, organism and social number of a nation.

But it is important to fully grasp the rules of exchange of energy and information between scales, the regions of lineal relatively placid dominance of a certain state and those where there is an exponential growth or decay as one ‘scale’ dies into the lower or upper scale becoming the ‘other;.

Now, in the 5^{th} dimension we jump a full scale at the 10^{10-11} magnitudes, which as we shall repeat ad nauseam are the mean stars of a galaxy, ties of a dna molecule, galaxies of the cosmological horizon universe, cells in a regular superorganism, and so on.

So as we come two scales from quantum particles into thermodynamic and magnetic systems into mass systems, this is the proportion we must find, which is there:

Approximately 10^{19 } protons (10^{21} electrons) give us a Planck mass (minimal black hole).

And approximately 10^{10} atoms give us a magnetic domain.

Now to fully grasp the formation of those scales, one has to look at the formation of organisms – yes I know every physicist will raise its eyebrow, but I am talking as a philosopher of science which sees unity in al sciences, not as a ‘me, I and myself is all what matters physicist, who only accepts its mathematical specific way to treat reality’…

And if the ‘postulate of philosophy of science’, the Ockham’s razor – all systems are similar and simple following the same isomorphic laws holds, biology is the master science because is the one we observe with more detail – reason why we model galaxies as ‘cells’, and atoms as simple organisms.

So how does a simple organism formed? First, and this is thoroughly backed in the observation of physical scales, the ‘FIELD’ or lower entropic, motion scale of ‘forces’ connecting different micro-quanta appears, then the membrane and finally the o-point of view.

It is the reversal of time arrows that makes creation come from micro to macro elements, from minimal form and maximal energy elements.

So for example in life, it was first the ‘water’ what appeared, then the proteins were formed and somehow they started to form circular rings, bubbles, which were empty and finally it appeared the central rnass, the nucleotide acids with the nitrogen heads that ruled the system, and the only then ‘life appeared as a whole ternary system.

And this is how we must consider the creation of a gravitational system

First we must consider the creation of a ‘field’ in which ‘Pressure’, the ‘membrane element’, and ‘emerging attractive forces’, between atomic particles, form a diffuse field without center, more like a ‘liquid’ rubbing of molecules with van der waals forces.

But as the relative not yet rest mass of the system increases and the energy quiets down, a ‘thin membrane’ or ‘enclosure’ which is not to be seen under the Galilean paradox of motion=form, yet as a ‘solid’ dense form of mass, but as a cyclical force-motion with an inward, gradient element, encloses it. This inward force is what we measure as ‘pressure’.

It is pressure ‘against’ temperature: PV= nKT.

A pressure and volume are parallel, but Pressure is more efficient than volume, in adiabatic reactions, an increase of pressure, that diminishes ore the volume of the system, from a gas to a liquid-solid state, lowers the temperature and increases the mass ‘density’ to a point in which there is both, the gravitational field and the membrane, the water enclosed by the proteins.

Or put in other terms if Clausius stated, “Heat does not transfer spontaneously from a cool body to a hotter body.”, pressure will heat the body reversing with gravitational forces the arrow of entropy.

And if, in an ideal entropic gas, as pressure increases, the product PV increases faster, in real gases, at lower temperature the increase of Pressure upsets that of Volume , which drops much faster increasing the mass density.

And if we consider crystals, we find even more clear examples of the growing informative order, which will finally develop the ‘rest mass’ of the being.

And as pressure increases the solid atoms in the center, the mass effects appear, how early and how much they count, depends on the strength of the other forces, the electromagnetic forces, the ferromagnetic forces the temperature forces.

Nature is NOT simple in the details. It is simple in the general laws. So we are not ENTERING here in what a good physicist or specialist knows well, the details on how those parameters interact and cancel each other, fight for dominance, as it happens in life in the interaction we see closer between membrane proteins, water forces of osmosis, DNA control of the cell, mitochondria energy production, ATPs, etc.

But the process is obvious. It is clear that for atomic forms below the threshold of the magnetic triad, Iron-Nickel-Cobalt, we are in the kingdoms of radiation, of electromagnetic flows, of stars, where the equilibrium between ‘pressure’ and ‘radiation’ maintains a balance, where thermodynamic and electromagnetic flows can interact as the two ‘gradients’ of a living, liquid plasma world. We are not ions so we shall not enter at this stage, into the final frontier on how all this affects the way existence and perception happens, and how the actions of ∆±e, I, reproduction and social evolution of stars go through. The material is there, plus we offer an analysis form the perspective of the points of view and the pan geometries they display in other sections of these posts.

What matters here is this. At a certain point ‘pressure wins’, and so we insisted for decades that in the center of stars and planets we will NOT find a very hot liquid core, as it was canonical, but a ‘Chrystal, cold’ and massive, created by the dominant pressure, which becomes a mass center.

Alas, now it has become canonical that in the center of planets there are crystals not liquid hot balls.

Humans being thermodynamic beings tend to exaggerate from their world point of view the value of heat.

I have always in my personal analysis for 30 years considered the power of cold order, and information. For example, I am quite sure that there should be a model to use the gas-solid palladium-hydrogen concept to create cold fusion, as all systems can arrive slow with more cold order or hot with faster ‘time clocks’ (as temperature is the clock of the ∆-thermodynamic scale), to the same point, in cold process the order is higher.

So cold fusion must happen. Another matter, which I haven’t calculated is how ‘fast’. Probably too slow to make it worthy but maybe not. So far the theme is not yet settled.

The same happens with crystal formation: slow crystal formation under ‘pressure’ creates excellent diamonds. Fast crystal formation with low pressure and high temperature forms glass, with amorphous nature.

‘Death processes do not obey the conservation laws’

Notice here something miss? That’s right: the positive proton yields a negative pion! This is surely impossible to readers according to charge conservation rules.. The above excerpt does not say what charge these pions

have except they are somehow created from protons. Since protons are positive this indicates the created pions must also be positive, in which case they could not decay into negative

muons. Physicists say that somehow cosmic ray produce both, muons (negative) and anti muons (positive). So charge is conserved. But if anti muons are produced in equal numbers, we should observe them equally at sea level. Instead the literature indicates a vast abundance of muons only.

Now all this said Particles *do have a moment of rest mass,* a single moment, which we will latter describe, the moment of *death*, when they become antiparticle.

All systems do have a day and night a rest and a motion, a stop and go. Masses show in Dirac’s equation that acquire mass in the moment in which they are conjugated with the anti-article which is the reversal moment of death. So instead of giving up to the larger emerging scale a ‘quanta of space’ (as for example atoms do giving the outer electron to the valence forming matter or to the electronic flow that glues metal, but only the outer shell), mass receives its quanta from a moment of time. Precisely when the inversion between life-time and death-flat space particle and antiparticle stops into rest mass the being.

Only in the moment of death, mass resurrects.

Think of yourself when you die, and become a flat space surface, no longer a tall frequency of time motions, but flat space and you give your form and energy to Gaia and its lesser beings, insets of the lower life scale.

Well, it is the same concept. But particles resurrect easily into antiparticles and particles back again, as we observe in the quark-antiquark process, which gives its energy first to the meson (particle-antiparticle duality) of the nuclear force, where we find the contribution to the mass field.

It is not though a stable ‘mass rest’ but exactly what we just said, the contribution to the gravitational field of the equations of Einstein, the entropic contribution of the death-devolving moment.

And again you must grasp the ternary symmetries of the Universe at this stage Trust me it is a conceptual effort what physicists won’t like to do, but as important more indeed that the equations we are explaining.

The field comes first, reason why physicists say that waves-membranes and p.o.vs -particles are excitations of the field. In a way they are right. But how the field appears. The field is a force field of acceleration gradient, hence an entropic field. And entropy is the arrow of past-death of a system.

So this Dirac contribution is what creates ‘first’ the gravitational field, in the particle-antiparticle meson moment.

It is NOT enough to create the mass center. And that is why at the level of quantum scales we can only consider the ‘contribution of Dirac’s instant – the particle conjugate’.

The membrane must be considered to come from the next magnetic and thermodynamic scales, at the point it balances the radiation.

And then it comes the ‘center’, and when the center becomes the pure black hole. Ah, then it comes the nova, and the sudden explosive growth of ‘mass’. And we thermodynamic beings go to hell.

On the atomic table, this mass effect clearly starts with the more informative series of metal, in the 6^{th} period, where the other effects start to become subdued.

If we consider the micro-quanta of mass the top quark, it has a similar weight to the gold atom, the informative gold atom which in accelerators they are bombing to create heavy quarks

On this range of the gold barrier, is where we find that a single atom might have some control of a gravitational field to act with this ‘new weapon’. There are several factors that might consider this ‘thin red line’ of gold and mercury and lead’ the region where atoms might have the first sense of mass. Indeed, the gold atom at this stage is a red single power force able to move with finesse, to the point that you can create bridges with a single gold atom, and the gold properties are quite amazing in that respect. In terms of information, form, ‘rest’ mass.

So I would say that at quanta level the top quark and the 6^{th} period might be the absolute limit where mass effects start to subdue electromagnetic effects.

In that sense, Helium, Iron and Gold are the 3 top predator atoms of the table for their control of the 3 scales of the perceived Universe.

And what truly matters to us is to ‘relate them’ through simultaneous measure.

Einstein did that for some physical time cycles of light and gravitation (accelerated mass vortices which are clocks of gravitation as he explained in his principle of equivalence between mass and acceleration).

This is called 4D metric, in which Einstein synchronized through measures different time cycles and its different speeds using a more sophisticated form of ‘calculus of infinitesimal’ present time moments than Galileo who had done the same with a simpler formula of infinitesimal, present measures v=∂s/∂t.

But we need now to expand all those previous, simplified models, as we are discovering with advanced tool an infinity of new time cycles, besides the physical, frequencies of light speed and the clock like vortex of masses that Einstein studied.

And before we introduce the 5^{th} dimension, we must give you a first glimpse to the mathematics that will make it ‘so evident’ as it is to experience .

Today in Physics, the most important of those dualities is no longer the Galilean paradox of the moving-still Earth but the Paradox of Complementarity of quantum physics, between the motion state or ‘wave state’ and the form state or ‘particle state’ such as:

– A particle constantly stops to gauge information, from its particle point of view and moves with its wave state. And both co-exist as a body and head co-exist in a biological organism.

This organic interpretation of the Principle of Complementarity of quantum physics will have enormous consequences to clarify the spooky effects of both Einstein’s Relativity theory and Quantum physics, which we will deal with in other more specific posts.

So we must always consider the duality of still space-distance and moving space, lineal motion vs. still time-information and cyclical time clocks in motion.

The Paradox of Galileo explains those dualities of motion and stillness, continuity and discontinuity and the fractal scale of non-Euclidean points, which grow in size and form according to the point of view of the observer. Yet since motion, discontinuity and fractal structure becomes evident as we come closer to the object, increasing our information and the truth of an entity is a direct function of the quantity of information we have of it, a Universe made of motions NOT substances, of discontinuous, fractal space-time, not of continuum fixed space is more truth.

Physicists though had not properly defined all those concepts.

On one side Energy was an overstretched ‘bag’ where to fit all motions of the Universe in all its scales. What it truly means in that sense is ‘the sum of all the formal motions of a system through its entire worldcycle. So it will be a key concept also in the model of fractal and cyclical time, akin to the ‘quantity of formal motions of any scale of reality’. So it is in fact another way to express the fundamental dual law of science is: ‘

“All what exists is energy that converts Spatial Extension back and forth into temporal information: Sp<=>Tƒ: Energy=Sp x Tƒ”.

And so in 5D metric, there are infinite ‘parallel Universes’, but not in parallel realities, but in this fractal reality: each planet was a different history, as each fractal nebulae of an electron, all its possible histories, and each 10 scales of the 5th dimension a similar Universe but with different ‘universal constants’… Infinity and Absolute Relativity reaches its true dimensions, blowing up the mind, as equations keep falling into place.

**Its symmetry in space. The geometry of the 5D planes of the Universe.**

Cosmology deals with the Entire Universe, taken in present models of reality as the absolute Whole, as they consider reality co-exists in a single, continuous plane of space-time. This is not the overwhelming truth shown by T.Œ

Plainly speaking the structure of the Universe is ‘pyramidal’, with parts that ‘emerge’ as wholes, by ‘co-existing’ in different scales, which in physical systems are the quantum-atomic, thermodynamic-material and cosmological scales. This means in geometrical terms, and terms of motion and form (which in physics are concepts known as kinetic energy and its derivative lineal momentum and potential energy, and angular momentum – related but not so clearly and in T.Œ have the general form of Sp- bidimensional spatial energy and Tƒ or Tƒ, Temporal clocks of information) that there are different behaviors either if we:

– Stay in a single plane, seen as Euclidean where motion and form are conserved when an entity interacts within a single plane.

– Move through planes from parts into wholes, growing in size or sending energy and information to a larger whole vs. moving from wholes into parts or sending Sp & Tƒ from wholes into parts. This is ruled by the metric of the 5th dimension, which in its simplest ‘lineal form’ write as Sp x Tƒ = K.

Now because motion moves downwards with no friction, so you move your hand and all its cells move synchronically but do not move upwards with the same fluidity (so there is entropy) and vice versa, information, form can be replicated upwards with no loss, so cells replicate genetically and small forms grow in size almost with no changes, but things do ‘NOT shrink’ easily and there is no Lamarckian evolution, this means the perception of systems ‘above’ as wholes is different from the perception of systems ‘below’ as parts.

All in all the smaller worlds seem to have more information, form, mass, charge, and hence more ‘energy’ in the conceptualization of physics, from our perspective and so they grow in detail and occupy a larger space when we observe it. While the upper world thins out in energy and form. Only the present world of our size and form remains constant.

We can see this from an organic perspective as a trophic pyramid: the smaller parts sustain the larger parts, which therefore thin out in energy density, and informative speed. If we look at those changes from a geometric point of view ∆+1 elliptic and ∆o hyperbolic realities different from our, ∆-1 perspective of our Euclidean Universe:

In the graph, the human observer in his own plane sees an Euclidean image of the Universe.

Now why it is our scale Euclidean? If we consider it in terms of the structure of our underlying space-time, it is made of light, and so as we see the motions of light as fixed dimensions of space, So our eyes sees 3 perpendicular light space coordinates:

This is the definition of Euclidean space: Light space.

We thus will observe 3 type of geometries, according to our ‘angle’ of 5D motion and its simple metric: Sp x Tƒ = K:

In a single plane of mechanical and Thermodynamic forms, we shall observe lineal Euclidean geometries transmitted by the 3 perpendicular dimensions of light space, as neither Sp or Tƒ suffers any deformation. Man perceives light at constant speed without a real change in its time= frequency, and space=speed parameters from the point of emission (particle in relative stop (and motion) relationship with the observer).

- Both remain constant, so we observe a holographic Universe, where Sp= K/Tƒ define according to both parameters most equations of Mechanics and Thermodynamics. For example: Sp (volume) = K/Tƒ (pressure) is the equation of the commonest gas space around us (atmosphere).

- In the upper gravitational space-time, as ‘space enlarges’ while ‘time slows down’ it appears a Riemannian, elliptic geometry one of the non-Euclidean geometries that completely rejects the validity of Euclid’s fifth postulate and modifies his second postulate. Simply stated, Euclid’s fifth postulate is: through a point not on a given line there is only one line parallel to the given line. In Riemannian geometry, there are no lines parallel to the given line because space enlarges, thus from our smaller perspective we see those lines diverging, and time slows down. And those are the exact effects defined in General relativity.

- On the other hand the lower quantum scales will appear from our perspective made of point-particles, and those point-particles will appear to be crossed from our larger perspective by multiple parallels. So the charges and particles of quantum physics will show the inverse hyperbolic geometry, crossed by multiple parallels.

**The meaning of time in classic physics.**

Now, absolute relativity, the philosophy of science behind this T.Œ is even more radical in the separation of man from the Universe.

Every fractal part of the Universe is a super-organism that has obeys 10 sets of isomorphic laws, as parts of the same fractal space-time reality. We are all made of time motions, seen sometimes as space dimensions, hence equal in substance though not in quantity (spatial size) and quality (speed of information) and complexity (number of co-existing scales of the 5th dimension, bits of information and bites of energy a given Œ-knot commands)

However, all these points are subject to the ego paradox: as every point of view perceives a limited part of reality to ‘fit’ it into its relative infinitesimal point of view or ‘mind, the ‘whole’ of each species understand only reality from its limited ‘one-dimensional point of view’, and considers himself from his ’10th Dimension’ as a whole, the only intelligent being of reality. Subjectivity is thus essential to the being.

And so it has been to humans, who always considered themselves the center of the Universe.

So alas, we shall latter expand those proofs of the falsity of the big-bang, which however can be perfectly explained as the big-bang of the lower scale of the 5th dimension below the cosmos, that is a quasar big-bang of a galaxy, either the previous cycle of the milky way galaxy, or the explosion of a giant galaxy in the local cluster, from where the local group fed on to reproduce the Andromeda and Milky way and dwarf galaxies around it.

A quasar big-bang we shall prove eliminates all those errors, the background becomes local and hence does not break Lorentz invariance (relativity), the galaxy has the same density of matter needed for the big-bang, a quasar is a reversal black hole explosion which happens to be the exact equation of the big bang (also a reversal black hole metric equation) the age of the quasar cycle tabulated between 10 and 20 billion years is exactly the same than the big-bang, it is NOT an illogic theory, as there are infinite galaxies in an infinite Universe the abundance of helium in galaxies does happen more in the center around the black hole where the hadron epoch formed them, and the ages of the big-bang do apply all to a quasar big-bang, and the local measure of the background radiation which FIRST and for very long was considered the background radiation of only the galaxy, fits, and as we shall see in the next picture, in fact the map of the galaxy is exactly the same of the background radiation:

*A galaxy (ours) and the supposed big-bang of the universe, which shows the same form and raises doubts about the local measure of that radiation (the reader can observe the central lobes of ¥-radiation similar to those of the electron, which the prestigious astrophysicists Smolin and others were analyzing very carefully, since they thought they could see a different light speed in the upper and lower lobe after 13 billion years of time travel 🙂*

*
All systems are a sum of quantic cycles that absorb, emit and transform spatial energy into temporal information: SP* ≈Tƒ

*That equation, decomposed sequentially in 3 phases, a first age of max. energy, a second age of balance and a third age of max. information, explains the existential cycle of any space-time field.*

*In a graph with energy and information coordinates those 3 ages resemble the geometrical form of a cycle that moves upwards, absorbing energy and information till in its 3rd age looses its temporal energy, collapsing back to its origin. On the right side, the same 3 ages show in the Taoist, Korean flag, where a line is the symbol of continuous yang-energy, which yin-time quantizes into ‘in-form-ation’, from youth to death.*

**T.O.E. The unification equation of the charge and mass scales of the 5 ^{th} dimension.**

Now once you learn to speak the most beautiful of all those jargons, the common language of all fractal space-time beings, Non-Euclidean, Non-Aristotelian ‘i-logic’ mathematics, (the needed 2300 years overdue upgraded of the sciences of temporal logic and spatial geometry) you will upgrade also your chip, tuning your mind, your ‘spatial I=eye and temporal Wor(l)d’, to that of other species of the Universe.

Then you will as I have done for decades, walk through the world seeing the organic life in every physical, biological and social system of the Universe.

Indeed, what we have just described logically IS not only the fundamental particle of physics, but the fundamental entity of any biological, social system – the key to the unification and understanding of the Universe, as a whole and all its parts, self-centered entities of time-space that put together create the puzzle of the Universe.

The DNA invaginates with Golgi conducts the vital cytoplasm it exploits, surrounded by the faster membrane of proteins, which act in its formal position as a membrane. The magnetic field surrounds the charge and encloses the vital space of electromagnetic fields the charges controls. So happens with a planet protected by its magnetic field that steams out of the central charge and surrounds it. And the galaxy has in its center a black hole.

And it is surrounded by a halo of dense fast rotating strangelet quarks, so the stars and planets within it will become converted into black holes in Nova explosions or strangelets, when the Physicist, duly programmed to extinguish the species according to the Fermi paradox, busy-busy recreates the big bang on Earth (yes I know to be more popular, I should not remember you of this, so you can wonder on the halls of knowledge unaware of the entropic motions of the Universe, but as Mr. Descartes, the very unpopular frozen philosopher would put it ‘c’est la vie’, what is at stakes here, not only the stifled knowledge of the mind, granted if you keep on reading).

Thus ‘Lineal Space, Es’, energy means an expansive motion that ‘extends space’, a planar lineal motion that we see as static space, as dimensions of length and width, or as an explosive decelerating motion.

Now that we know the fundamental difference between ‘open space’ and cyclical time, we can move onto the second fundamental principle of ‘physical sciences’, the Principle of relativity. Again, here a mathematician Poincare defined it at the same time that Einstein, and on my view more clearly, when he said that ‘we cannot distinguish motion from stillness’. And this is enormously important.

Since if we cannot know when a thing is moving or is merely a ‘form’, we must always consider this duality. If we see a particle, it is a ‘vortex of motion’ besides having a cyclical time-like form. If we see a dimension of length, it is space moving besides being a still distance. On this difference almost ‘every mathematical tool’ of calculus (differentials and integrals), every system of Nature (which we see simultaneously as a still organism, and moving through its worldcycle of life and death), the duality of quantum, discontinuous reality and moving, continuous one, etc. etc., almost all phenomena of all sciences is based. I call it the “Galilean Paradox’, to differentiate its much wider meaning from those sponsored by physicists, as again we shall apply it to all sciences. So we write it again:

Relativity Principle (Galilean Paradox): “All what exists is a motion with form”.

Soon we will realize that indeed, all what exists is motion with form, nothing is truly still. And so cyclical time seen as form is ‘information’ and as motion is a ‘vortex-like clock’, and open space seen as form is ‘distance’ and seen as motion is ‘lineal speed’.

There is a convention though to call time ‘motion’ and ‘space’ stillness. This is Ok in the ‘limit’. As time accelerates (as all cyclical motions, which require 2 points, a torque and have angular acceleration) and in fact as paradoxical as it seems a cyclical motion by the law of the vortex is faster than a lineal motion, which as in a big-bang explosion, decelerates. (We shall deed with the error of considering the expansion of the distance-space of the Universe as an acceleration in our post on astrophysics).

So in the limit by the law of the vortex, Vo x Ro = k, time cycles accelerate inwards as vortex do, and in the process they attract ‘space’. So black holes, masses and charges do exactly so. And so in the limit we can say that ‘time is motion’ (the classic definition of it) and space is distance, dimension.

And this fact of T.Œ will allow us easily to unify the equations of charges and masses, what physicists call T.O.E, or Theory Of Everything, a minor result of T.Œ, the Theory of the Organic Everything, which I write with Œ to distinguish both.

**General relativity a fast over view. The symmetry of relativity in time, the 3 ages of EFE.**

The 3 ages of time in cosmology applies to EFE’s (Einstein’s field equations) 3 main solutions *3 *hypothetical *different Universes, they represent the structure of any space-time, including our galaxy, an island Universe through its 3 ages.*

It is also possible to make a complex mathematical treatment of the 3 ages of galactic systems: the 1st age of the system will be the Entropy age, the 3rd age the information age, and the middle age is one of balance, ES=TO, when the reproduction of most particles took place. We are in that period.

*– Max. Es (Youth): *The Entropy age is Lemaitre’s big bang solution that expands space. *This solution in the fractal model of space-time applies only to the vacuum space between galaxies.*

*-Es=It: *The steady state Universe is Einstein’s solution. It applies to the entire Universe.

*– Max. It: *Kerr’s solution of a rotary black hole, which is the third age of an implosive Universe that reverses time coordinates as matter falls back into the central Worm Hole of any space-time.

However because time space fractal and dual, while those solutions in a wider outlook will be applied successively to each age of the Universe, they are also applied in space to the fractal parts of the whole. Thus the big-bang solution applies to the intergalactic space, which astrophysicists study and erroneously apply to the entire Universe (given their dogma of a single continuous space-time).

The informative* solution applies to our galaxy. *But it does not mean a travel backward in time but an informative vortex, a cyclical clock of time – the galaxy *in which we exist with an arrow of information *different from the expansive arrow of the intergalactic space of dark Entropy and tired light.

And so we get adding all the expansive motions of intergalactic space and the implosive vortices of galactic mass, a relative balance that is the present steady state applied to the whole; since in each phase of reality all yangs have some yin and all yings seed of yang.

__Its Universal ratios/constants of Entropy and form.__

In the space-time of the Universe, in the same manner that any other three ages can be related by the different ratios of Entropy and information or vital constants of a being, those three ages are defined mathematically by the constant of action that relates the Entropy and information of the Universal space-time, Lambda & G.

Indeed, the constants of any system are ratios of transformation of the Entropy and form of any system, I/E=K or proportions of Entropy and form, Exi=K. Thus constants evolve and change as the Entropy and information of a system changes with time. In biology, is known that vital constants, change as an organism gets old and becomes wrinkled and warped, increasing its information and diminishing its capacity to process Entropy, changing its metabolic constants and speed of information/thought.

Dirac, Brans-Dicke, and others understood this in cosmology. Indeed, G is a ratio of the mass=information and Entropy= distance of a system. And we already saw how a change on those ratios allowed us to unify and measure the Entropy and form of the 3 membranes of the Universe (strong, gravitational and light forces).

In the equations of Einstein that define the three ages of a galactic space-time and perhaps an entire Universe, that relationship is given by the cosmological constant that measures the Entropy of the gravitational vacuum, l, which Nottale used to measure the minimal fractal quanta of gravitational Entropy. The constant changes with the 3 ages of any fractal space-time or island Universe. In a young, expanding space, l is positive, but so close to zero that it easily* becomes negative, causing a *warping or big crunch. And so l will also change through the 3 ages or *solutions of Einstein’s equation, till reaching the informative age of the galaxy in which we exist. *

*Recap. *The 3 ages of the Universe correspond to the 3 solutions of Einstein’s equations: The young big-bang; the reproductive, steady state or big-banging and the cyclical, informative age, occurring in galaxies, or Gödel’s solution. They apply in space to the expanding space, imploding, galactic vortex and both together create the present balanced steady state.

**The symmetry between motions in time and space.**

Space-still vs. time-motion duality is the causal alpha of it all (but not the omega, W, meaning, which we will find to be organic, biologic, embedded in the world cycle, represented by W). So we must go deeper into it, and follow now its ‘other fundamental expression’ – the ternary principle of ‘creation’, ‘diversification’ and ‘formation’ of entities departing from its time motions or still spatial states.

We deduce its original components from the interplay of the 3 motions of time:

**>** The arrow of information that increases from upper to lower scales, faster in its time cycles: Tƒ (Uo)<Tƒ(U-1). This arrow appears most often in physics as an accelerated vortex (Vo x Ro = K being the simplest 2-dimensional form) or clock of time with increasing frequency, till it ‘collapses’ into a particle-point or reverse its time arrow into:

**<** The arrow of entropy and decelerating expanding size that increases from lower to upper scales of larger size: Sp(Uo)>Sp (U-1).

**≈** And their relative present combinations, in which the system combines, Sp and Tƒ, fields and particles, limbs and heads of energy and information into reproductive bodies and waves which repeat in an eternal present the entities of existence.

In this case the entropy/energy arrow will show limbic/long fields of planar toroid energy, the arrow of accelerated cyclical motion the form of particles and heads that gauge information and the arrow of relative present iteration the body/wave form. And so in practice we tend to talk of ‘momentums’ of existence, that is Active Magnitudes that we shall call Œ, Functions in ‘existence’, which move through several planes of space-time.

This interconnection or duality between the stop and go dual motions/forms of entities in existence is a necessary complexity of the dialectic nature of the Universe, not only between relative Œ-points that communicate flows of attractive, imploding information and expanding, repelling energy, but within the entity which often displays both states, with different geometric position.

The previous symmetry defines all beings, as vital spaces whose ternary organs, perform the 3 functions=motions of time. Since all systems are made of the same 3 components, the 3 2-manifold varieties, which accumulate in ‘layers’ to shape the depth of a 3rd dimension of thickness; and then move in ‘Time’ to accumulate the 3 ‘dimensional motions’ of time, past-entropic motions, present-reproductive motions and future-informative motions:

In that regard it is important that you understand those 3 arrows/dimensions/motions of time and its still present-spatial pictures as intervals. Since ultimately all clocks of time have different ‘steps/tics’, a relative instant of time varies, according to the perspective. If we have slow perceptive-time clocks we shall see a minimal time indivisible, which might represent for an atom or a cell an entire time existence. So how we differentiate the ‘time ages/phases’ of a system?

Precisely in mathematics, when the equation stops being differentiable or suffers a steep change of phase.

From energetic gas to reproductive liquid to informative solid in matter states.

From gaseous field of energy to liquid wave, to solid particle in quantum states.

From young energetic age to adult, reproductive age to old, warping age.

From the big bang expansive solution of EFE (Einstein’s field equations) to steady state to big crunch old age state in any physical system that follows those equations (galactic space-times mainly).

And so on. Time never ends because it switches its arrows, when one is exhausted. Or in terms of consciousness, can you conceive the non-existence of time? Because we can conceive non-existence, but still time will happen when nothing else happening, the mind also has an a priori consciousness of the eternity of time.

In physics this becomes obvious when we realize that if Poincare’s/Einstein’s relativity 2nd postulate is truth and there is no way to differentiate motion from stillness, all has relative motion, and if all has motion, motion never stops. We can always choose the mind’s still perception of reality to fit all its information in its infinitesimal mind, or the moving objective, inner perception of the being. Atoms are moving vortices but we see solid matter.

Yet if we consider the most objective moving reality, we realize time never stops as motion cannot stop and motion is the substance of reality in its 3 variations: expansive, entropic, relative past motion, Sp, repetitive, iterative combined E x I motion and informative, formal motion, Tƒ.

This reality broken into infinite beings, of different sizes and time speeds is the ultimate reality science must describe. And in all its scales we shall find, the 3 arrows of time, its interplay and common ‘isomorphic laws’. Thus once we isolate the details and find its 3 arrows of time-space, we can apply the isomorphic laws of T.Œ and describe with them all what happens.

For example, Alain de Mehaute proved long ago in a paper on chemistry, and his book on fractals, ‘L’espace-temps brisse’ ‘broken space-time’ that when energy exhaust, chemical systems do not stop time-motion, but start to wrinkle as space-time does in any scale.

For example, Einstein said ‘time curves space into masses’, which he said to be ‘accelerated vortices of gravitational lineal forces’. And e=mc2 merely express that constant big-bang/big-crunch duality of eternal time cycles.

In fact, life does the same in inverse fashion. Life is the arrow of growing form, growing information. Then, once you exhaust all energy into wrinkles, time does not stop in death. But it changes its arrow backwards into an entropic explosion/dissolution of our information.

So we can differentiate an interval of past, present or future, but it will always have an asymptotic limit, where the equation breaks as the limit means a change of phase, even a bouncing back of time, reversing its arrows, to never stop.

It follows that as all goes back and forward between energy/information arrows, and we define present space as the confluence of both arrows, it is possible in the *dynamic, paradoxical universe of time arrows, to define all as space-present, combination of ‘yin and yang’, if we take the larger perspective that adds two time arrows from past to future and future to past. In such a case, all becomes a zero-sum, an eternal present of conflicting existences that cancel each other.*

This is the absolute law of the universe.

Time never stops, but all ceases to exist for time to continue. So time switches in all possible combinations, between its ‘past arrow’ of entropy – expansive decelerating lineal motion – its future arrow of information, cyclical, accelerated vortices and its combinations into repetitive present spaces.

If we consider ‘space’ as still motion, as a differential of time, into an instant that combines the two arrows of past and future energy and information, into a repetitive motion, space is then also dynamical. But from an external perspective space seems not to change. It is then an interval without inner change, in which the external motion is continuously differentiable.

It is all that simple. In life≈biology the 3 arrows have a sequential order, the 3 ages of time due to an excess of genetic and nervous information that makes information the dominant arrow of the future – and make us choose information as the relative future arrow from the human p.o.v. of knowledge.

In technology information is also the future arrow as the human cult to the machine, makes evolving informative machines the goal of our collective subconscious suicide (creating robotic species that will substitute us).

In physical particles, which are dominant in motion, with lesser information, the opposite happens. There is in many systems a relative future arrow of entropy, and motion that dominates the system, such as in interstellar space where space expands; or in the interaction of particles of information, and antiparticles with past arrows, and inverse expanding motion.

Both co-exist and so antiparticles of past, which co-exist with future particles often come together and then, the following event happens: Anti-particle past x Particle- future = present entropic annihilation. This explains why we see less antiparticles, as they are the death-past arrow, which lasts only a time instant, so while they are as many lives and death as death is Maximal entropy expansion x minimal information, it happens very fast and the total space x time perception of an antiparticle or a corpse is far inferior to the perception of particles and living beings.

The fundamental of those symmetries is the ternary symmetry between the 3 motions of time and the 3 dimensions of space.

Finally to make sense of all this, we have to remember something modern physics has completely forgotten, the laws of the scientific method and the realist nature of its language, mathematics…

Let us see this in more detail as an example on how fully understand the multiplicity of mathematical physics, encased in the 5D ST structure of reality and its paradoxes, dualities and ternary groups.

**V. LITTLE BANGS.**

*In the graph, the most likely interpretation according to the laws of the scientific method, resumed in the acronym formula, E=Sc ^{e} (evidence, simplicity, cyclical repetitive ‘laws’, correspondence with previous theories and ternary Complexity, born of the iterative repetitions of the Generator of fractal, cyclical space-time), further proved by the ‘ad ons’ of 5D T.Œ: Time arrows, Organic structure, and Complex Ternary symmetries in 5D cyclical space-time, added to that formulae (T.œ=Sc^{3}); the most likely nature of the big-bang is local – very likely the quasar big bang of a 20 billion years cycle of life and death of the Milky Way, a barred galaxy, which is today exactly in its form on the 14 billion years mark of that tabulated 20 billion years cycle of Barred galaxies. *

*All the problems of the cosmological big-bang both theoretical, metaphysical and experimental, quantitative can then be resolved. Theoretically the equations of the big-bang are just the entropic, reversed, death equations of a black hole. Such explosion would account for the amount of Helium near the center of the galaxy, and the density of matter-radiation, which coincides with that of the galaxy. The asymmetries and form of the background radiation obtained in local measures will coincide with that of the galaxy too. Its origin on the local big bang from the remote past, or most likely on the activity of ‘Moon MACHOs’, the smallest black hole particles of the ‘triad’ of 5D scales of mass in the Universe, which if having the mass of a moon planetoid (the most common cosmic object of the Universe) will produce exactly the same redshift temperature radiation. And so on and so on… *

*The fractal structure of the Universe on the other hand will account for the expansion of the intergalactic space, the cosmological entropic vacuum scale, where ‘Gravitational transversal waves’ will act as repulsive gravitation, in the same manner their microcosmic equivalent in the charge scale act between particles. While the vortices of contraction of vacuum energy into mass – galaxies will balance that expansion, on the flat plane of the spiral.*

* In the graph, we see then the characteristics of those multiple little quasar bangs, in which dark matter made of the heaviest 2 families of mass (top/bottom/charm quark combinations that form the atoms of black holes and strange quarks that form the core of neutron, pulsar stars and strangelets in the halo). Thus they would account for most of the mass of the Universe. In terms of mass energy, as we consider on the present formalism a 4-vector momentum with 3 dimensions for space and one for time-mass, ultimately we observe a 3 to 1 proportion between ‘Lineal Space’ (G-waves of repulsive transversal gravitation) and the dimension of mass. *

*The galaxy on the other hand, does NOT contain repulsive gravitation as it is the interior region of the galaxy atom, which is purely attractive. Its configuration is equivalent to the theoretical configuration of the ‘cosmological big-bang’ now reduced to the barred galaxy big-bang cycle. And so we find again the ternary symmetry of the III families of mass, which form the 3 components of the galaxy atom, its ‘strangelet’, negatively charged Halo, its positively charged central top quark black hole, its 3 invaginated networks of information and energy (neutrino and photon background) and the plasmatic ud-mass of light mitochondrial stars. What is the role of the planetoids made of atoms in which humans exist. They represent only o.1% of the total mass of the galaxy, as almost all ud matter is in the form of star plasma. *

*So we might conclude, humans are NOT that important; an planetoids and planets on the 1 to 10 ^{6} relative mass scale we find between moons and the heaviest Jovian planets which can be considered small not-ignited stars are the scalar range to feed strangelet matter that will end up in the Halo. This simple harmonic scale has only a problem: anthropomorphism. It makes us irrelevant, it puts the high popes of astrophysics back to Earth on their delusion of understanding the whole with a human self-centered perspective, and certainly makes sheer madness the experiments now carried out on Earth in search of self-feeding self-reproductive dark matter (strangelet quark-gluon soups, now starting to be produced at industrial scale at CERN and future accelerators at China). *

We can now consider if briefly the ages of the Little-bangs that happen all over the Universe every time a Galaxy lives and dies, returning to the Dark World. Even if we were describing the Little Bang of the Cosmos, it is a necessary perspective for the ego-centered human to reduce its cosmic, galactic, universal epithets to the lowest of all perspectives, that of a microbial species, ‘Cantor dust of space-time’, ‘rational zero interval of the irrational infinite’, humble 0-mind who matters not more than mater. And this I advice to the reader, because it is the best way to survive and go around the Universe.

In any case, even if the cosmos had a big bang of 14 billion years, from ∆+5 it would be an infinitesimal point dying away on the truly absolute Relative Universe. So we will call all big-bangs, little bangs. As that is the meaning of it.

Now this is the most likely reality – a Universe in the ∆+4 plane, beyond the ∆œ human perspective of a relative infinite number of galactic anti-atoms (as the symmetries of 5D are inverse and so we need to jump two scales to find a similar being, 2 scales of life to find robots-like insects, to scales of cells, to find nations-like cells, DNA-like humans, and so on.)

So those anti-atom galaxies might be part of a larger bang, the cosmic little-bang, which however would be of a dimensions that we, infinitesimal inhabitants of a galaxy anti-atom cannot even imagine and it is not worth to explore.

So we shall reduce ourselves to the description of the Little Bangs, we do know about, with the laws of 5D physics.

**The death of micro-light waves.**

Now in 5d physics, tiredness=death of light is not provoked by the smearing of light paths by dust and other ‘chance’ collisions of light, which would rightly as Zwicky pointed out smear the image of far away galaxies, but exactly as in the cosmic big-bang and general relativity by the expansion of the underlying space-time ‘scale’ of the Universe, ∆-1. The difference though is that in 5D physics:

- The c-limit of speed only applies to ‘galactic space-time’, where the underlying gravitational space is ‘contracted’ by the -c
^{2}t^{2}factor of special relativity (simplest formalism), due to the frequency creation of time-information by light over the underlying gravitational space-time.

- When this gravitational space-time is liberated from galaxies, it ‘stretches out’, dissolving its information into entropy, and its speed becomes ‘NON-LOCAL’, from the point of view of a light space-time observer. The formula is immediate. As V=S/T, and Time stores information, as information disappears (invisible gravitation), then C=S/o-information = ∞. Thus the Universe becomes infinite non-local and this allows that the cosmological Un+4 scales IS connected into a present ‘spatial view’ (the previous artistic graph).

Now this fact is essential to the scales of 5D systems, as it ALLOWS the fundamental symmetry between time ages and present still space-organisms. All SCALES of the 5th dimension MUST have a force able to create a relative simultaneity in a single time quanta that communicates its parts to create balances and metabolic equilibriums. Thus there MUST be a relative non-local faster than light speed, with less T-information, and this is ‘dark energy’; which we consider to be the ‘repulsive electromagnetism’, of the galactic atom.

It is then easy to see that the speed of such G-waves would be infinite in terms of human perception, and the quantity of information they carry minimal. Indeed, if we consider a ‘Hertzian’ wave at this scale, it would carry a bit of information for several parsecs. But it would allow a spatial view of the Universe.

All this of course belongs to metaphysics, which as we said is the true nature of cosmology, as there is no way to perceive experimental evidence ‘outside’ the halo meaningful.

Yet the linguistic isomorphic method make us to consider a reasonable assumption that scales beyond our perception will follow the same isomorphisms of scales within our perception. So we can use the same formulae and deduce the non-local invisible nature of G-repulsive Giant Transversal gravitational waves between galactic-atoms and within each internal atom, to control the stars and halo of the galaxy.

Now from the perspective of a light space-time observer the space-time between galaxies, being invisible won’t be observed as a tachyon, faster energy wave, but as a dilating distance. And so it will be seen as a cosmological expansion of space (balanced by the implosion of each fractal galaxy atom, to maintain the whole Universe in immortal balance).

Thus the effect on micro-light waves will be the observed red shift.

Indeed it follows that what we call light does travel through the expanded intergalactic gravitational space-time, and red shifts.

A second phenomena also must be observed, namely the ‘internal’ death of light, as all forms of the Universe do have a world cycle. The light world cycle is likely to be of a mean 10 billion years similar to the life cycle of its ‘photonic quanta’, the stars of galaxies, which are basically dense configurations of light and plasma; the equivalent to the particle state of light. And this 10 billion years light world cycle is what we observe with an expansive age of light as it goes through the world cycle, further accelerated in the 2^{nd} part of the world cycle (5 to 10 billion years).

It follows also that the furthest stars will emit ‘younger’, longer living light, so the further we look onto the galaxy, we shall see arriving to our galaxy, only younger stars, till a point where we do not see more light coming.

Further on, as all forms are relative ‘pi-cycles’, whose membranes do NOT let see the external universe except by its ‘holes’, the halo of the galaxy must limit as all membranes what we perceive from outside. This again happens in any entity inside a super organism. Our cells do NOT see the external world, and only the sensorial eyes do see it. So the next question is how much is ‘dark energy-space-matter-form’, from an inner observer of a relative fractal knot of space-time.

The calculus of an ideal pi cycle is immediate. As a pi cycle is made of 3 diameters, with outer holes between them, in our curvature electronic space-time minds, where pi is 3.14, we ONLY see through o.14 holes of a 3.14 diameter. so there is a 3/3.14 darkness, of regions we do NOT see from the interior of a pi cycle.

As it happens, 3/3.14 = 96% which would be the dark world for any inner relative mind point of view. As it happens dark matter and energy accounts for 95%, which is there and we do not see. It is then the halo the membrane that ‘darkens’ the Universe?

We do have for the sun the membrane called the Oort and Kuiper belts… But they are internal to the super organism of the galaxy, so we shall discuss it on its scales. but still they do darken part of the galaxy despite being internal ‘open’ cells. The galaxy though IS the true fractal point (the equivalent of the atom, darkened by the electron and the Nuclear force cover).

So the reader should understand how much uncertainty exists in cosmology.

Back to our theme of the cosmological redshirts and its now ‘3 causes’ (as always in the ternary Universe) we can write them within a Generator equation, this time expressing the 2nd Non-Euclidean postulate of lines≈waves of communication:

Tƒ (emitter: Original red shift by expansion) < ST (red shift by wave dying) > Tƒ (Halo, likely ‘blue shift’ back to create background radiation and reduce to c-speed the wave).

Those 3 components are just a case of the Fundamental equation of particle physics:

Tƒ(Fermion)< ST (Boson wave) >Tƒ (Fermion)

applied to the upper cosmological scale.

The study of that equation in 5D physics is an entire field of cosmological research for future 5D cosmologists, if we survive the age of ‘lineal macho-man Neanderthal physics’. So here we shall make some comments on the death of light (ST cause).

As light dies away it is canonical in 5D astrophysics that entropy will elongate as all death processes the space-time, which in terms of the duality motion=form (Galilean paradox) means an increase of distance. Moreover, because light does have a 10 billion mean age (same for stars made of light, here the part does live as the neurons and the head, the same than the whole but NOT longer; so light dies before the stars mean life). This moreover explains why after 5 billion years, its maturity at the height of its world cycle, life accelerates its death-elongation into red color, till fading away. Which also explains why we do NOT see more radius to the Universe:

Light cannot come from beyond that radius because that is the limit of its life NOT the limit of the whole, but of its waves of information, its minimal part.

Indeed, it seems that light beams and light-evolved entities (stars) have a mean cycle of 10 billion years, after which they suffer an energetic big-bang expansion – stars explode into Novae and light gets tired and expands in a redshirts process, returning to its gravitational, non-local lower scale of dark Entropy.

This of course explains why far away light red shifts and seems to expand space: it is dying and beyond those mean 10 billion years an increasing ‘darkness’ is observed in the Universe, which a simple Gauss curve of probabilities show to be almost absolute beyond the x+1/3rd 13.3 billion years range.

Again physicists don’t see both, the dual space and time views of the Universe but only the temporal big-bang, which considers a cosmos in time failing to analyze it in space as a simultaneous system connected by non-local gravitation. So they think darkness is not caused by the spatial death of light, which they merely use as a clock of cosmic time, thinking therefore that beyond those ages we enter into a temporal darkness – and the Universe didn’t exist.

*In the graph, we illustrate how complex physics, using the same data that Simplex physics of a single space-time continuum can resolve the puzzles of the Universe. Cosmologists have found that light coming from far away galaxies seems to decelerate and accelerate its red shift till dissolving around 10 ^{10-11 }years after its emission. And they affirm this is a proof of an expanding Universe, as they apply a local phenomenon, the life/death curve of light self-similar to the life-death curve of any entity, which increases its frequency till its ½ life and then decreases, becoming tired till death, to the entire space-time of the Universe (a global symmetry).*

*The tiredness and world cycle life-curve of light however only applies to a local phenomenon: light tires and red shifts at the end of its journey, dissolving back into gravitational dark-Entropy, which is perceived as an expansion of the light-membrane, but that effect is compensated by the contraction of space into mass in the galactic vortices giving us a zero-sum.*

Let us then study in descending scales those 3 little bangs.

**5D Lorentz Invariance: A 4D cosmic electron membrane of the canonical big-bang.**

We do NOT fully deny the cosmic scale of the big-bang, which 5D somehow makes logic (it would just be another scale of big-bang of an atom-Universe. There are certain basic numbers that back that opinion. The number of galaxies, 10^{11 }is the constant of social order between planes of the 5th dimension.

The relationship between the Force of Gravitation and Charge (temporal curvature), is according to some estimates (already noticed by Feynman and I believe Eddington), the same that between the radius of the proton and the Cosmos (spatial length). So it fits in 5D Metric: Sp x Tƒ = K, better than a possible ‘local cluster’ big-bang with lesser radius. But those numbers have been varying a few potencies of 10 here and there. In any case it is a proof of the force of 5D metric that even if we ultimately reject the cosmic big-bang for lack of experimental data, we can for the first time explaining rationally without creationist ideas.

*The spatial symmetry on 5D big-bang; all galaxies are in the expanding membrane of the ‘electronic cover’ of the cosmic neutron explains Lorentz Invariance nicely.*

Now in the parlance of physics, this mind point of view is called ‘relativity’, which implies we cannot distinguish frames of reference when we choose one at its center.

Now in the present format, the ‘subjective use of the human frame of reference’ at the center of the big bang, could seem a misinterpretation of the meaning of the Lorentz Invariance to suit ‘us’ – ultimately another ‘anthropomorphic’, man in the center, reality only what man can see, subjective theory of religious ‘nature’.

But this would be an easy critic. An not an accurate one. Since In the case of the previous picture for that to be real – not frame of reference – the solution of physicists is obvious and quite smart and realistic: the entire picture is actually NOT a ‘volume’ but a membrane, like the expanding surface of a globe. If all the galaxies were pegged in the expanding surface of an SP-Membrane any POINT would see the rest of the cosmos which being so ‘large’ would appear as a flat surface, in the same way we see the Earth as a flat surface and any point on the Earth could in principle if light would curve a bit through the surface see the entire globe as a flat picture.

Of course those models are available in the ‘avalanche’ of ‘fantaphysics’, that is mathematical games without a criterion of selection. On my view the more interesting is the one of Mr. Merab Gogberashvili where he shows that if the Universe is considered as a thin shell (a mathematical synonym for “brane”) expanding in 5-dimensional space then it is possible to obtain one scale for particle theory corresponding to the 5-dimensional cosmological constant and Universe thickness, since it solves the hierarchy problem in a similar fashion – in this case the smaller scale of particles do have more ‘energy and information – that extra-dimension and further on our Universe is stable since the extra component of the Einstein field equations giving the localized solution for matter fields coincides with the one of the conditions of stability.

Latter the Americans proposed the closely related Randall–Sundrum scenarios, which have as usual become more popular with the Anglo-Saxon drum beat of self-propaganda (this is common in the history of science since the times of Leibniz to the times of Landau->Hawking and Linde->Guth).

Now in our terminology this means the following, generalizing it to 5D Geometry, which is NOT so much concerned with ‘spatial geometry’ but with the arrows of energy and information that transit between scales:

Now one of the beauties of 5D science is that we can take any relative ∆±i scale in our analysis of reality and change slightly the perspective and will get a meaningful view of it all. So when we take the largest ∆+i perspective on the being we see it as indistinguishable atoms, but if we have an ∆-1 perspective it looks like a ‘living cell’, which is a very convenient perspective to study the whole, as we observe it perfectly together, surrounded by a cyclical time membrane, with a nice central o-point and a series of perfectly designed organic cycles.

This is the perspective we can have of a nation, as a cell of the superorganism of history with its borders, human DNAs in its homes connected by networks of economic energy and legal information. Or the perspective of a human cell-citizen, or a biological cell. This is the best way to study the galaxy as a cell of the superorganism of the Universe made of 1011 of such cells. The structure of the galaxy cell thus will ‘focus’ this article, since it is the perspective, which we can elaborate with a minimal amount of information to make it a likely truth.

Of the Universe as a whole we cannot make such a big statement of truth, as astrophysicists, human ego-centered masters of the Universe think, but we can keep exploring their cosmic big-bang, and explain it as a 5D probable truth. We shall see it is of the two possible explanations – an extensive Universe of multiple atoms/cells/galaxies well beyond the limit of the cosmic horizon, vs. a growing beta decay universe or a cellular organism, the 2nd likely explanation. So for probabilities of truth, we range them as:

Max. truth: quasar big-bang < Med. Truth: Cosmic big-bang < Min. truth: cellular cosmos.

Ultimately though the 3 of them admit a larger ∆+1 scale of the Universe, a… Hyper-Universe and big bang death**.**

**The mimetic ages of Little quasar bangs.**

Now it what follows we are going to deal mainly with 1 theme, the organic structure of the Galaxy and its parts according to the Generator Equation.

It is within that structure that big-bangs of any of the scales of matter represent merely the entropic death of the matter vortex in a quanta of time according to the equation of death of any system, physical or not

Death-big bang equation: Tƒ<<Sp: Max. Sp x Min. Tƒ->Sp=∞ x Tƒ=0

So it is not a big deal, which is the scale. As we have explained it matches 5D metric including the inflaton field: Sp x Tƒ = K. Thus in an infinitesimal time quanta (10^{-42} in the big bang), in a similar account the Universe expanded a similar quantity (10^{42} proton radius in the big bang). It is simply too large with the data we observe. So we imagine that the QUASAR-bang will follow exactly the same metric, and ages of the cosmic bang, but the relative Time speed of the Galaxy when the bang-death of entropy of the black hole took place will be slower, of the range of top quark interactions (10-^{25} seconds) and the diameter of the central black hole once it expanded after its death will be that of the galaxy: 10^{21} meters.

In brief, the ages of the Little bang are far less speculative as sciences must be than the big-bang. Its first quanta of ‘death’ of the black hole did start when the speed of time clocks of the black hole went under the mean life of its particles, top quarks, which are the likely cut-off atoms of the black hole. As the little bang expands the galaxy in a similar fashion to a double beta decay that expands the nucleus up to 100.000 times to create a hydrogen atom.

Thus time slows down to the ‘year’ cycle of its ∆-1 ‘cell’, which is the angular momentum of most star systems, the ‘photons of the galaxy-atom’, taking our planet orbit as a mean for them, in the same manner that the cycles of a living human being slow down from its faster seminal system to the day cycle – the mean cycle of its cells, the ∆-1 scale.

This is the application of 5D physics, NOT of weird laws of time. But of the metric of the 5^{th} dimension and the processes of growth of systems which are synchronized to the slow down of its internal time cycles at the ∆-1 cellular lower level. At this moment the system is synchronic between its 3 ∆±1 scales and its space-time measures are in relative proportion.

What is then the growth of the little big-bang. Simple to calculate. If a nucleus of an atom grows 100.000 times to become the electron radius, we just need to multiply the year time of the ‘new galaxy-atom’ for 100.000 times of expansion, and the galaxy should be approximately 100.000 light year of radius.

The same happens in the atom, even if physicists do not understand as they do NOT use variable time clocks, DO NOT relate time clocks to space curvature and attractive power.

But we do have all the data. So in the atomic nucleus, the clock speed slows down ≈ the attractive power diminishes ≈ the curvature diminishes ≈ as the radius of the strong force grows to the radius (clock-curvature-speed-angular momentum) of the Electron. And again we can do similar calculus: the electron of the Bohr radius has a mean speed of 3.000 kms, which multiplied by the fine structure constant gives us the c-speed, or space- time speed of the proton-black hole vortex radius, which is 100 times stronger than the electronic force – again the same relationships in proportions and decametric scales, which will be treated with more rigor in the 4th line).

So back to the galaxy that should stop its expansive phase when the clock goes down to a year orbital sun and 100.000 light year diameter. Well, thus experimental evidence confirms this process? As it happens 100.000 years light is the diameter of the galaxy.

This also means that the meaningful nucleus of the galaxy should be around a π light year or parsec, even if the ‘quark zone’ – or true central black hole is even smaller, but we must remember the quarks are surrounded of a cloud of ‘negative pions’, ‘massive particles, equivalent to massive stars. It is this the case of the black hole?

As it happens, the central parsec around Sagittarius A* contains thousands of stars. Although most of them are old red main-sequence stars, the Galactic Center is also rich in massive stars. More than 100 OB and Wolf–Rayet stars have been identified there so far. They seem to have all been formed in a single star formation event a few million years ago. The existence of these relatively young stars was a surprise to experts, who expected the tidal forces from the central black hole to prevent their formation. This *paradox of youth* is even stronger for stars that are on very tight orbits around Sagittarius A*, such as S_{2} and S_{0}-10^{2}.

Now this and many pages of astrophysical studies that we shall pour on the 4th line when dealing with the organic galaxy merely shows the 5D symmetry, the organic structure of the galaxy that follows those ternary symmetries and the clueless nature of our astronomers (-; though I will not pound on them, since actually I do like astronomers much more than nuclear physicists – they do nothing wrong and had anyone taken seriously 5D in my youth when doing a master at Columbia U. I might have chosen to spend my life in the nice Palma Island Chilean mountains or Hawaii volcanoes, looking at the stars (-; But they couldn’t care less for the galactic organism )-;

Anyway the field of 5D fractal, organic cyclical time applied to astrophysics is ginormous not so much in size in space but in information. So we will just consider a few aspects of it. Along the way we shall introduce some fundamental changes in our theories of the Universe based in T.œ both in its ‘strict belief in the limits of the scientific method’, and the consequences of a cyclical time, fractal space and scalar Universe.

** **

*In the graph, the quasar Little-bang, is the same process that the cosmic Little-bang but limited to the inversion of a central black hole, which dies and goes through the same phases the inflation period, is the period of black hole explosion with its gravitational waves that create the underlying structure over which the following epochs will produce as energy cools down the different particles of the galaxy. This is what it is recreated today at CERN, and might provoke the strangelet formation on its ‘initial ages’, which are stable usd lumps that could swallow the Earth.*

There is besides the job of straighten up of the errors of physics regarding its space-time symmetries a more general analysis of great beauty, which consists in the translation of the ‘Ages of the Little-bangs’, of any type of scales into the ages of the known-known particles of matter, as the slow down of speeds of time and enlarging of spaces allows the symmetry to break into the positive and negative sides of each ‘plane’ of the Universe.

It is not so different from classic astrophysics, except that is simpler more symmetric, experimentally sound, theoretically meaning and so it makes sense (-;

Now of course we can ad for the pleasure of those clueless astrophysicists crunching numbers the unknown scales of the possible atomic cosmos.

They start ‘faster’ than we do. The little bang of the most likely scale of Galactic matter, explains HOW FROM THE c-faster ok colder, super fast time cycles of the Higgs-top quark-black hole fields, through the ‘creation of ± symmetries of speed, energy, charge, and momentum’, all other forces and particles are born.

The **chronology of the Galaxy** describes the history and __f__uture of the Galaxy according to Little Bang cosmology, the scientific model of how the Galaxy developed by this point of existence, which is a world I itself (;

The big bang though of the atomic cosmos stars its time on the Planck epoch, using the cosmological time parameter of commoving coordinates (never mind what it means, nothing really 🙂

As of 2016, this expansion is estimated to have begun 13.799 ± 0.021billion years ago! – you know how ‘precise’ are the scholars who know nothing but think to know it all – humans after all. Wouldn’t be a bit less ‘obvious’ to say just 13.8? (-: LOL, do remember that the exact minute of creation was precisely estimated last century by a British priest on the A$$-breeders calendar, now running at 5777 – 7 being the magic number of Babel…

It is convenient to divide the evolution of the atomic Galaxy or cosmic string, so far into three phases. They just differ in its reality. In brief, the first age of the cosmic big bang is largely speculative and simply accelerates time to the minimal time possible in physical parameters of the ‘light speed limit’, the so called Planck Units of mass, time (the speed of light crossing the minimal radius of a string-neutrino, etc.)

**Fantaphysics. The I never proved age of Cosmic physics.**

Before a time classified as a Planck time, 10-43 seconds, all of the four fundamental forces are presumed to have been unified into one force. All matter, energy, space and time are presumed to have exploded outward from the original singularity. Nothing is known of this period. In the era around one Planck time, 10-43 seconds, it is projected by present modeling of the fundamental forces that the gravity force begins to differentiate from the other three forces. This is the first of the spontaneous symmetry breaks, which lead to the four observed types of interactions in the present universe.

Looking backward, the general idea is that back beyond 1 Planck time we can make no meaningful observations within the framework of classical gravitation. One way to approach the formulation of the Planck time is presented by Hsu. One of the characteristics of a black hole is that there is an event horizon beyond which we can obtain no information – scales smaller than that are hidden from the outside world. For a given enclosed mass, this limit is on the order of

L=GM/c^{2}^{ }

where G is the gravitational constant and c is the speed of light. But from the uncertainty principle and the De Broglie wavelength, we can infer that the smallest scale at which we could locate the event horizon would be the Compton wavelength.

l=h/mc

Equating L and λ, we obtain a characteristic mass called the Planck mass. Substituting this mass back into one of the length expressions gives the Planck length

which happens to the be length of a neutrino, something physicists have not noticed too much but makes the neutrino the clearest candidate to be the quanta of the gravitomagnetic waves of the underlying structure under light. and the neutrino theory of light, the clearest form in which light is formed, as light travels its minima time frequency across this length is called the Planck time:

T_{p}=√h/Gc^{5 }=1.35 x 10^{-43} sec

Which therefore will be in 5d physics the minimal wave length of light, the minimal ‘planckton’. And we will return to that.

**Inflationary Period**

In classic cosmology, Triggered by the symmetry breaking that separates off the strong force, models suggest an extraordinary inflationary phase in the era 10^{-36} seconds to 10^{-32 }seconds. More expansion is presumed to have occurred in this instant than in the entire period ( 14 billion years?) since.

The inflationary epoch may have expanded the universe by 10^{20 }or 10^{30} in this incredibly brief time. The inflationary hypothesis offers a way to deal with the horizon problem and the flatness problem of cosmological models.

Lemonick and Nash in a popular article for Time describe inflation as an “amendment to the original Big Bang” as follows: “when the universe was less than a billionth of a billionth of a billionth of a second old, it briefly went through a period of superchanged expansion, ballooning from the size of a proton to the size of a galaxy (and thus expanding at many, many times the speed of light). Then the expansion slowed to a much more stately pace. Improbable as the theory sounds, it has held up in every observation astronomers have managed to make.”

Which is none, zero, nill, zip’. Nobody has observed the grapefruit, let alone the Planck Mass, LOL. The problem of course was that to make so big the Universe, and connect al its parts, they needed this concept and so they fitted in.

So what this inflation means in 5D cosmology? Merely the expansion of the black hole ‘neutrino and gravitational wave’ over which light will be imprinted in a second phase.

Of this the __Grand Unification Theory (GUT)__ – the final unification that has been called a “super grand unification theory”, and becoming more popular is the designation “theory of everything” (TOE) says very little. Since physicists “theories of everything” are separated by two great leaps beyond the experiments we could ever hope to do on the Earth.

In that first phase, the very earliest atom-cosmos was so cold and perfectly ordered that its time clocks with no entropy could turn at an amazing faster than c speed of 1000 z in a present ‘liquid wave’ of absolute no friction.

But of course, ‘lineal entropy physicists’ which become surprised every time they find some cold working non entropic reality (which we have been predicting for 3 decades – the last one the quark gluon perfect liquid, which they still call ‘plasma’ 🙂 take of a hot, energetic substance.

Hot is of course meaningless outside the ENTROPIC GAS-molecular state where temperature is a meaningful parameter.

Never mind. According to prevailing scientific theories, at this time no matter particles existed (hence some divine creationism would act soon 😉 perfect explanation for the time speed and inflaton of those first moments, you know God is absolutely powerful.

Now in this theories the distinct forces we see around us today were __j__oined in one unified force. Space-time itself expanded during an inflationary epoch due to the immensity of the energies involved. Gradually the immense energies cooled – still to a temperature inconceivably hot compared to any we see around us now, but sufficiently to allow forces to gradually undergo symmetry breaking, a kind of repeated condensation from one status quo to another, leading finally to the separation of the strong force from the electroweak force and the first particles.

This in the parlance of abstract physics. In reality, it was of course all the way around. The ‘death’ destroyed the perfect cold order of the super-quark-gluon liquid vortex of the hyper-black hole of super top quarks, and the hyper luminal rotation produced through the Kerr axis tachyons at superluminal speed, which expanded the Universe…

But all that is meaningless, so we just will ignore the whole mysterious things and not fill another 20 or 30 questions never answered about the cosmic big-bang (inflation formation of galaxies, isotropies not found at large scale, etc. etc.) as the little galactic big-bang shows no problems of any kind, the back ground radiation meaning simply the galactic background of neutrinos and light produced by the ‘top quark star’ little bang.

**SPATIAL SYMMETRY**

Now, all this said we can after being the devil’s advocate against the big-bang, if any believer is still reading, which i doubt it, and consider that perhaps, indeed, there is a higher scale beyond galaxies, which do respond to the big-bang cosmology and forms a larger scale of physical systems, obeying at a higher speed of space and denser speed of angular momentum in its black hole vortices so how it will look the whole? As its parts in a fractal Universe that repeats its games of existence.

**5D scales: Walls: societies of galaxies.**

*Yet, the beauty of all this is how much rich on meanings and paradoxes and questions to explore is 5D physics compared to the pedestrian simplex analysis of the previous paradigm.*

So before we go into the big bang polemics, I want to consider a bit more of other themes of 5D cyclical time space astrophysics. And how it differs from lineal space-time astrophysics and enriches our science for generations to come.

We shall call its birth the ‘little bang’, to differentiate it from the metaphysical big-bang of a supposed larger, ∆+4 cosmic scale which we will study after wards. Now as it happens, in a fractal Universe the little bang is quite similar in ages, and timing to the big bang, as it is the cyclical life and death of the central black hole of the galaxy.** **

**The Universe is a spatial organism.**

Any Fractal point, according to duality, can be described in space as a fractal point with a relative Entropy body and an informative center, communicated through 2 forces/networks of Entropy and information. And it can be studied in time, through its 3 evolutionary ages, between life and death, as its Entropy becomes curved by time and increases its form, creating in the case of the cellular Universe, new informative particles and galaxies.

Though both perceptions of the Universe are correct, cosmology ignores the organic, spatial description of the Universe, which completes the evolutionary, temporal vision, obtained through light instruments – since it cannot see dark Entropy and non-local gravitation. Yet if we were to perceive that Universe with the instantaneous, non-local gravitation that reaches its limits, it will seem as a complex st-point structured by an external membrane (the wall of fire), an internal self-reproductive space of galaxies and an informative hyper-worm Hole center (the great attractor?), all coordinated by the non-local forces of dark Entropy.

*Recap*. The physical Universe is structured in 3 scales of reality, the quantum world of electromagnetic forces and the gravitational world of masses. Both can be modeled with the isomorphisms of super-organisms, whereas the electromagnetic forces/planes act as the Entropy network of galaxies and atoms and the gravitational forces/masses as the in/formative force that balances the entropy of electromagnetism, creating a complex, organic Universe of eternal motions and balances between informative gravitation and entropic electromagnetism.

**VI. ORGANIC GALAXIES**. **ITS SCALES, SPATIAL PARTS AND TIME CYCLES.**

So let us consider the structure of the superorganism of the galaxy, in the same fashion we have studied all other superorganisms of the Universe, using its generator equation; for simplicity in the following order, its spatial 3 parts, its, evolutionary 3±∆ ages, and its Tƒ-point, the central black hole of maximal information that connects it as a ‘whole’ with the upper scale of the 5th dimension, the world of dark matter and energy, beyond it.

Of course, we shall have to correct some errors and anthropomorphic postulates topic of all human sciences, which will make ‘scholars’ feel offended, but we are not concerned with the theories of the day but the larger truth of the structure of reality. So far, so good, within the Galaxy, we must affirm ‘don’t worry be happy’, humans have done for a change a good job. There is a limit of c-speed, the action of space-time of the galaxy; there is a temporal clock structure, mass, which slows down its time clocks as it grows bigger (even in the minimal scale in which mass is meaningful, that of living superorganisms, so the clocks of smaller masses – rats tick much faster than those of the big elephants).

So we can define without further ado the structure of galaxies in space:

** The Three Non-Euclidean Regions of the Galaxy. : Sp (Halo)<ST: stars >Tƒ: black hole.**

Let us now consider the ternary topology of the equivalent ‘entity’ to the atom in the gravitational membrane – the galaxy. Thus the generator equation of the galaxy as a Fractal ∆-point is:

*E:Halo <stars that evolve Entropy into matter> Tƒ (Black holes)*

In the graph, a galaxy is a curved, fractal space-time of huge spatial proportions, hence minimal form (inversion of properties between Spatial Extension and temporal information). Thus galaxies can also be studied in space as a fractal point with 3 regions that correspond to the 3 ‘canonical’ topologies of a 4-dimensional world – an informative center, an energetic membrane, and the reproductive intermediate zone:

– Max. Tƒ: The center of the galaxy is a swarm of black holes, its densest informative masses, which produces the gravitational, informative waves that control the position of its body of stars. Beyond its event horizon, the accelerated vortex of mass of the black hole (Equivalence Principle) should accelerate light, deflecting it into a perpendicular, hyperbolic, informative dimension of height (Kerr superluminal, central singularity) ejecting it as gravitational jets of dark Entropy at 10 C.

For that reason Kerr black holes10 should be called wormholes, because they absorb light but let it escape through its axis as dark, gravitational Entropy, at faster than light speeds.

-Max. Es: The external membrane that limits the inner space-time of the galaxy is a spherical halo of dark matter, probably made of strangelets or micro black holes, which can deviate unwanted radiation by gravitational red shift and/or absorb the Entropy of radiant matter, cooling it down to the 2.7 K background radiation.

Thus those non-evaporating micro black holes and strangelets of great density act as ‘proteins’ do in cells*, *controlling the inner movement of galaxies and the outer absorption of light-Entropy.

– Es=It: Stars, tracing toroid cycles form the inner space-time body of the galaxy, a bidimensional plane or Klein’s disk that feeds the wormhole and reproduces atomic substances and stars. They ultimately evolve into black holes, which migrate toward the central swarm of holes, residing in the nucleus. In any Klein disk distance is measured as motion and becomes infinite when we cannot reach a limit or barrier (for example the barrier of light speed becomes an infinite Lorentz Transformation). So it happens with the border of the galaxy.

We are part of that intermediate space-time in a Milky Way, limited by its central hole and an invisible border of dark matter, neither of which we can cross without dying; since the speed of rotation of matter around the wormhole and the flows of intergalactic dark Entropy that expands space at light speeds beyond the halo *would destroy us.* Thus we are trapped in this star and planet, in a toroid cycle that will end evolving the Sun into dark matter.

In the image, the structure of the galaxy: stars are created in the intermediate region and the center is occupied by a black hole.

The energetic medium that transfers Entropy to the fractal quanta of the galaxy is the external interstellar gas. Finally the system is joined by 2 networks of forces: the gravitational, faster, non-local informative, transversal gravitational waves at the cosmological scale; and the energetic, smaller, slower electromagnetic waves at the quantum scale.

Let us study the parts of the whole – the 3 elements of galaxies, stars, black holes and gravitational forces that join them.

*Recap*. Galaxies are fractal ∆-points with 3 standard topological regions: a spatial body of stars and an informative nucleus of black holes. The closest self-similarity in our world is with a cell.

NOW, THE STUDY of those galaxies in time follows a closer symmetry to that of the galaxy in space:

So the little bang, was the death of the previous galaxy, or according to the quasar cycle of barred galaxies (and ours is a barred one), a 20 billion years cycle of birth and death of galactic systems, in which the central black hole suffers a cosmic collapse of all its matter, and then spits it out in a quasar explosion, starting a new cycle:

**Spatial symmetry: Sp: Neutrino & Light background < St-ars > Black Matter**

**ST-ARS : THE MITHOCONDRIA.**

**EXI: stars. Time symmetry**

Now, there are ‘believers’ in all human sciences, religions and forms of art, which like to think whatever they do is the absolute truth. This is not how the Universe works. Still, in each cultural age of mankind, there have been teleological ‘priesthoods’, and in the age of the machine, astrophysicists, who sponsor the biggest machines do provide us with a theory of metaphysics, called the big-bang. We shall then consider it also. But as we said, the purpose of astrophysics is to study the superorganism of the galaxy, Its generator equation and its symmetries of space-time, as physics is concerned with the ∆-2 superorganism of atoms, its ∆-3 parts (particles) and its ∆-2 societies: molecules.

So we can do a fast survey of its parts.

**Time symmetry H-R diagram. Ages and Evolution of Stars:**

In the graph, the Time-space symmetries of stars, along its relative ‘Tƒ’ and Sp parameters of spe ctral type (frequency-form) and spatial size.

They form a lineal function except in the Lorentzian limiting regions, inn which stars will both collapse into a big-bang that will dissociate its parts, Max. Sp x Tƒ, but also give birth to a more evolved Max. Tƒ being, which in the case of neutron and black hole stars will imply an evolution from the ∆-thermodynamic scale of ud-quarks into the gravitational scales in 0 temperatures of black holes and neutrons stars

In that regard the life of Stars and its organic form have a simple a(nti)symmetric equation in time and space:

Time antisymmetry: ∆+2: Es: Gas Nebulae≥ ST: H-R sequence ≥ Dwarf, Pulsar or hole

Space Symmetry: ∆+2: Sp: Photosphere ≤ ST: Radiation zone ≥ It: Nuclei

In the graph, the balance between the central zero-point of ‘gravity’ and the ST-pressure of radiation.

5D Asymmetry: ∑ œ-1: plasma particles>∏Œ: Stars>∆+1: Galaxy

As in the case of other Œ-species we shall study here its main features, according to the linguistic-isomorphic method starting from the subjective errors of human perception.

As usual humans perceive better the time ages and worldcycle of any species by observing them in space in different states of their time cycle. This is the case of stars and it is called the H-r Diagram, which therefore will be the first symmetry studied here.

The symmetry of its 5D planes is also well known as stars are the factory that reproduces atoms of the intermediate space-time of the galaxy (our ud-matter world) and finally when they die produce both strangelet (pulsar stars) and black holes (huge stars with enough mass to collapse into a reversed particle reaction till creating at op quark star). So the biggest uncertainty of stars happens in the analysis of its central Tƒ-nucleus.

Stars in that sense can only be observed externally and from the external phenomena (granules, magnetic fields gravitational forces) to deduce some of its internal properties. 5D physics allow us to model further the internal Tƒ-center of stars and consider likely the main error of star analysis, the lack of understanding of its internal structure, which as all Tƒ elements, should be highly informative, hence cold. Thus the center of the star must be NOT as hot as the membrane but much colder.

This realization we adventured decades ago for planets, and it was latter proved (planets have solid crystal cores). And it should be proved for stars, whose center should be made of super fluid helium and hydrogen, and likely be able to produce cold fusion (as all thermodynamic processes must have an asymmetric duality between cold processes made in slow time, with minimal energy (min. Es x Max. Tƒ) and hot processes made in fast time with maximal energy (Max. Es x min. Tƒ), in a clear symmetry with the processes of conception (slow informative birth) and death (fast entropic destruction).

So we shall when completed deal with all those symmetries in the aforementioned order.

*The H-R diagram shows the 3 ages of stars, through its Entropy & information parameters.*

The life, evolution and death of stars are depicted in the H-R Diagram, which classifies stars according to its E & O parameters, as the atomic table does with atoms*:*

*Max. Sp: Brightness or Magnitude*, which is a spatial parameter that grows with the size of the star*.*

*Max. Tƒ: Spectral type, (color or frequency)*, which classifies stars according to its temporal form.

Yet the H-R diagram is only a representation of the 2nd and 3rd ages of stars – since the young age of the star as nebulae of max. Spatial extension and min. formal complexity (as all young ages are) is not represented. So we add on the left side the 1st age of a star as *a nebulae of max.extension*. Then the H-R graph shows the 3 ages of stars and the main isomorphisms of Es x Tƒ cycles applied to them:

– (∆+1): Most stars are born as spatial nebulae of max. extension.

– Max. Es: Then they implode into blue giants of max. Entropy.

– ES=TƑ: They reduce its size and grow in atomic complexity through a mature, yellow age of balance between their Sp and Tƒ parameters. The sun is now in that balanced age…

– Max. Tƒ: They collapse in a 3rd age of slow decline as its I X E parameters diminish toward its death, becoming white dwarfs.

∆+1: Or they evolve in a loop of growing I X E force (top right graph), mutating into a Worm Hole.

From those elements it is easy to enunciate the main events of the time symmetry of stars:

**Star birth**

All stars are born from a nebula (cloud) of gas (hydrogen, helium, and a little bit of everything else) and dust. One such nebula, often studied, is the Orion Nebula. If the nebula is dense enough, it will eventually start collapsing under the influence of its own gravity. As the nebula contracts, it heats up and the rising core temperature and pressure eventually causes hydrogen to fuse. At that point, a star is born. For stars to be able to sustain nuclear fusion, their mass must be at least 0.08 times our Sun’s mass, which is equivalent to about 80 Jupiters.

On the high end, stars cannot be more massive than about 150 times our Sun because they simply produce too much energy and become unstable at that point. (Note that several stars more massive than 150 times the Sun have been discovered, but these are extremely rare.) When the gravitational tendency to collapse is balanced by the tendency to expand due to the heat generated by nuclear fusion, the star is said to be in hydrostatic equilibrium. At that point, the star is on the main sequence of the HR diagram. The newborn star will have a luminosity and surface temperature now that will change very little over the course of its lifetime on the main sequence.

**Death of low-mass stars**

Low-mass stars are those that end up as white dwarfs. High-mass stars are those that end their lives in a supernova. Our Sun is an example of a low-mass star; Betelgeuse is an example of a high-mass star. Stars with masses 0.08M < M < 10M (which is the majority of them) live quietly and contently, not changing much, for several billion years on the main sequence.

A star begins to die once it converts all the hydrogen in the core into helium. As hydrogen is used up in the inner and hottest part of the core, the relatively inert helium-rich (hydrogen-depleted) core begins to collapse, and in so doing releases gravitational energy. This energy quickly heats up the outer hydrogen-rich layers and ignites the fusion of hydrogen in a thin shell immediately surrounding the hydrogen-depleted core. As this process continues, the hydrogen-fusing shell migrates outward and heats up the envelope of the star, which then causes the whole star to expand into a Red Giant.

For the lowest-mass stars, core pressure and temperature are not sufficiently high to ignite nuclear fusion of helium. The core then cools while the outer envelope continues to expand. Ultimately, the helium core forms a hot but cooling corpse known as a white dwarf, surrounded by an expanding outer envelope of hydrogen and helium known as the planetary nebula.

The Helix Nebula (also known as NGC 7293) is one of the closest planetary nebulae to Earth (650 light-years away). It is often referred to as the Eye of God on the Internet.

The Helix Nebula is an example of a planetary nebula created at the end of the life of a Sun-like star.

Somewhat higher-mass stars will fuse helium into carbon for a while to produce a denser core composed of carbon “ash” in the center, surrounded by a shell of burning helium, surrounded by a shell of burning hydrogen, which is surrounded by an envelope of inactive (no burning) hydrogen and helium. If the star has even more mass and thus a denser and hotter core, carbon will start to fuse to produce even heavier elements in the center. Another shell of hydrogen burning will form, and beneath it a shell of helium burning.

**Death of high-mass stars**

In the next graph we consider the 3 sub-species of stars, the ud, light stars, Strange pulsars (neutron stars) and top quark stars (black holes). The natural evolution of a Given Max Sp x Tƒ function define when the collapse of enough matter can create an w2 x r 3 mass system with enough density of mass to accelerate its time clock beyond c-speed in top quark black holes:

High-mass stars have relatively short main-sequence lives: Max. Sp =Min. Tƒ.

High-mass stars have relatively short main-sequence lives: Max. Sp =Min. Tƒ. A 15M star, for example, lives for only about 10 million years before turning into a Red Giant. And in its death, they reverse their function into the maximal informative element of the Universe, the black hole. When the star first runs out of hydrogen to fuse in its core it will behave similarly to lower mass red giants. It will first begin fusion of hydrogen in a shell around the core and the core will heat and fuse helium into carbon. There will also be carbon and helium fusion into oxygen. The star’s envelope also bloats out to very large sizes (Supergiants). The supergiant’s core will fuse very heavy elements from carbon and oxygen all the way up to Iron.

Elements heavier than iron cannot be used as a source of energy through fusion. They can, however, be split into lighter elements to release energy, but this process (fission) does not occur in stars. The star takes on an onion-like structure, with shells of different elements fusing into heavier elements, in progressively shorter phases.

For 20-Sun star, hydrogen is exhausted in the core within a few million years and iron develops within about a day (see table below). Ultimately, when the star exhausts its supply of elements in the core lighter than iron, the core collapses in an extremely violent event known as a supernova. The supernova leaves behind either a neutron star or, in the case of the heaviest stars, a black hole.

Density/size comparison of white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes

A white dwarf consists essentially of tightly packed atoms which constitute the core of a Sun-like star. The white dwarf of a Sun-like star is about 100 times denser than the Sun. A teaspoon of white dwarf material would weigh about 15 tons. The typical white dwarf is roughly the size of the Earth. A neutron star is essentially the core of a star collapsed into a ball of tightly packed nuclei. A neutron star is over a thousand times denser than a white dwarf. A teaspoon of neutron star material would weigh about 4 billion tons. A typical neutron star is roughly the size of a city.

A black hole is the collapsed core of a star so densely packed that it has virtually no size. The infinitely small volume into which all the matter in a black hole is compressed is called the central singularity. The imaginary sphere that measures how close to the singularity you can safely get is called the event horizon. Once you have passed the event horizon, it becomes impossible to escape: you will be drawn in by the black hole’s gravitational pull and squashed into the singularity. The size of the event horizon (called the Schwarzschild radius) is proportional to the mass of the black hole.

Astronomers have found black holes with event horizons ranging from 6 miles to the size of our solar system, although event horizons can, in principle, be bigger or smaller than this. But in principle, black holes can exist with even smaller or larger horizons. Any object compressed sufficiently can be turned into a black hole. The Schwarzschild radius for this object is directly related to the mass of the object. For example, the Schwarzschild radius of the Earth is about the size of a marble (if the Earth could somehow be compressed to this size).

**Flowchart of Stellar Evolution**

All stars follow the same basic series of steps in the lives. Low-mass stars go through a red giant phase which ultimately turns into a planetary nebula with a white dwarf in the center. High-mass stars go through a red supergiant phase which ultimately results in a supernova, leaving behind either a neutron star or a black hole. The deciding factor in the fate of a star is its mass. Stars whose core is less than 1.4 solar masses (the Chandrasekhar limit) will leave behind a white dwarf, the size of which is inversely related to its mass.

Note that the initial mass of this star is much greater than its core, but much of the mass is lost once the planetary nebula separates from the core. Stars whose core is in the range 1.4-3 solar masses will leave behind a neutron star (much denser than a white dwarf). Note that the initial mass of this star is much greater than its core, but much of the mass is lost during the supernova phase. Above 3 solar masses (the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit), a quark star might be created, although this is currently mostly conjecture. Any stellar core over 5 solar masses will inevitably succumb to gravitational collapse, producing a black hole (much denser than a neutron star).

**Nova**

If a white dwarf has a close binary companion, the white dwarf may accrete gas from the companion’s outer atmosphere. The gravitational energy released by the captured gas may be sufficiently great to start a fusion reaction on the surface of the white dwarf. This flare-up is known as a nova. A nova can recur many times, is about 100,000 solar luminosities. fades after a few months (sometimes years). is more common than supernovas (2-3/yr observed, about 200 so far).

*Recap*. The H-R graph shows also the process of evolution of stars into Worm Holes, which can be explained both mathematically and organically, based in the self-similarity of all space-time species.

**Space symmetry, the structure of stars.**

Stars have a simple a(nti)symmetric equation in space:

Space Symmetry: ∆+2: Sp: Photosphere ≤ ST: Radiation zone ≥ It: Nuclei

5D Asymmetry: ∑ œ-1: plasma particles>∏Œ: Stars>∆+1: Galaxy

In the graph, the structure of the stars, which should have a central, liquid super fluid Helium vortex, and be able to reproduce cold fusion processes, according to the dualities of time-coldness, and space-heat.

We shall study stars in depth on the 4th line, or else this post will be too long in space not in time… (-;

**BLACK HOLES: TOP QUARK STARS: ****Tƒ: GALACTIC VORTICES**

**Black holes are Kerr wormholes and frozen stars.**

*Quark holes can be studied, once we understand their ‘higher why’, from the perspective of topological spaces and multiple space times, which limit is possible species and processes, either as top quark stars (frozen stars in the jargon of Einstein), or as rotational masses with the Kerr Metric; or from the many perspectives, of its structure as a system co-existing within 3 relative ∆-planes of existence. In the graph, its 3 topological regions.*

Any organism extends through 3 hierarchical scales. For example, a human organism is composed of cells and carbohydrate molecules whose minimal unit is the amino acid. In the Galaxy there are 3 scales of mass and each of those 3 scales become the fractal parts of the next scale. In each of them we find an informative, cyclical type of mass: quarks in quantum atoms; black holes, which should be top quark stars in star-size black holes; and swarms of black holes in hyper-black holes at the center of galaxies and perhaps the Galaxy.

Thus a hierarchical organic structure grows from those inner parts: its strings become gluons that become quarks that become black holes that form hyper-black holes, in a stair of fractal systems of increasing complexity.

This is proved by the fact that the Black hole’s event horizon membrane reduces light to its minimal bits of information (Planck’s areas), whose length is the minimal length of strings, which they e*xtract from light*. Since strings are both the theoretical components of black holes and strong forces, quarks and gluons, a description of black holes with tachyon, boson strings becomes the mathematical bridge between both scales. Thus indeed, black holes are fractals of quarks, fractals of gluons and strings (mind the reader though that those strings have fractal dimensions, are background independent, tachyon strings, defined by the Nambu’s actions, not superstrings, a baroque fantasy of Pythagorean Physics).

Each of those scales becomes the informative center that interacts with a reproductive body of electromagnetic electrons, stars and galaxies. Let us then study black holes in their interaction with its bodies, galaxies that explode in its big-bang death as quasars.

Tƒ regulate that body black holes emit dark Entropy through its poles, creating the membrane of gravitation that ‘positions’ stars, as protons position with their gravitational and magnetic fields the electronic nebulae. Since gravitational Space-time is formed by the maximal informative entities of the 2 scales, protons and black holes. For all those reasons, we prefer the names:

-Frozen stars (Einstein’s name), since they are top quark stars.

-Kerr’s holes; since this is the rotational metric or black holes.

-Or wormholes, because it expresses the fact that the black hole is a door to the other ‘world’ of dark Entropy, which it emits. While the name black hole, invented by Wheeler, to substitute Einstein’s name after his death and push in this manner his singularity theory, implies nothing is emitted by the hole.

In that regard, science when it is built to respond *all* the questions that exhaust the truth of the system, the what (experimental evidence), the who or how (causal logic), the when (metric spaces) and the why (topological time arrows) *has also an inverse hierarchy of truth: *Once we determine *what* we want to study, we must observe its *why and how* – its topological structure and causal logic combined (how/who) – and only then enter into the details, analyzing with clocks and instruments of science, its metric properties.

The excessive use of machines of measure, overdeveloped by the Industrial R=evolution has obscured that hierarchy, which limits with the *experimental what*, and the *why and how of topological time arrows, *what things are certain and what are just mathematical fantasies of ‘baroque artists’ of metric spaces, which are so common in the study of black holes due to the lack of experimental evidence on its details. Let us then study reality as it is, not as ‘Touring machine’ resolves it with an excess of metric information that ignores the deepest why and necessary isomorphisms of the why-Galaxy.

__Frozen top quark stars.__

Frozen stars are similar to nucleons: huge condensates of top quark-mass that create vortices of gravitational information with a negative curvature in the dimension of height. Hence, they exist in a discontinuous gravitational Galaxy beyond the c-speed and 0 K limits of Entropy and information of our Galaxy, emitting and absorbing dark Entropy at higher than light speeds and ultra-cold dark matter, perfectly ordered, probably under 0 Kelvin.

In that regard, the closest species to a frozen top quark star is a neutron star, composed of super fluid neutrons and strange liquid in a boson state, occupying a minimal space. The difference of density between a neutron star and a Top quark is small. So a Frozen top quark star could be the next evolution of a strange quark star with a ‘lighter’ cover of strange quarks on the event horizon, ‘breaking=killing’ the symmetry of our matter, packed then in a boson, super fluid solid state of bcb atoms and top quarks. Since the sum of the transitional weak bosons, Z and W *equals that of a top quark. Thus: ∆+p=Z+W=Top quark.*

__The 2 poles of the wormhole.__

Thus the main error about Worm Holes is the idea that since we do not see them emitting Entropy and matter-information at lower than c speeds, nothing escapes a Worm Hole. This is a theoretical absurdity (things don’t ‘disappear’), which now has empirical proofs of falsity. Since we observe vortices of mass and radiation that surround Worm Holes, reaching super luminal speeds before dying into pure gravitational Entropy according to the Lorentz transformations.

And we observe bursts of matter and radiation coming out of the poles of central Worm Holes in quasars at super luminal speeds. So Worm Holes do emit dark Entropy and information at super luminal speeds through its ‘axis’, as atomic nuclei emit magnetic fields in their rotation.

The Relativistic equations of Worm Holes show that duality since Worm Holes appear with 2 solutions: one with implosive, informative parameters and the other with explosive, energetic parameters. Thus according to those equations a Worm Hole ‘re-absorbs’ radiant matter and light, dissociating the photonic particle-state and wave state of light, hence ‘killing it’. both beyond their Lorentzian limits of c-speed, back into its ultimate components: photons evolve into electronic nebulae, and then collapse further into quarks, which become part of the Worm Hole body or are ejected as quark beams; while light reaches infinite red shift and becomes dark Entropy.

Because the parameters of density of a stable black hole are self-similar to those of a top quark star, and that is the limit of density of mass in the Galaxy, it is easy to infer that black holes have in its center a super-fluid vortex of top quark stars; and so we can consider dark Entropy to be the ‘gravitomagnetic field’ of those top quark stars.

As in the case of the 3 solutions of Einstein’s space-time, which correspond to the 3 ages of the Galaxy but physicists dissociate in 3 different Galaxies in space; physicists have deduced that those 2 solutions to the Worm Hole equations create 2 different type of ‘black and white holes’; when according to space-time duality they represent the 2 organic regions of the same gravitational hole. Hence we could call Worm Holes also ‘mulatto’ holes (-;. Though we will use the term *wormhole*, more familiar to cosmologists. And define its E<=>o Generator equation:

*Worm Hole (max.Es: external membrane: event Horizon) <Wormhole> White hole (Max.Tƒ: Kerr ring)*

Quantum cosmologists never discovered white holes as independent entities, because they are part of the wormhole.

__Topological regions of a worm hole.__

Unfortunately quantum cosmologists ignore the inner structure of a gravitational hole as a fractal point with 3 zones that explain them:

– *Max. Es: The event horizon* at c-speed is the energetic Riemann membrane that absorbs radiant matter, breaking it into its minimal units, ‘Planck’s areas’ that become the strings of dark Entropy that feed the hole.

*– ES=TƑ: The intermediate zone* transforms radiant particles and Entropy into quarks and dark flows of gravitational Entropy. It seems to be a super fluid solid: a vortex-like structure of quark condensates and gluons.

*— Max.It: The central region around* the polar axis or central, informative, hyperbolic, negatively curved nucleus.

That informative center is the final ‘eye’ of the gravitational hurricane, the white hole of the wormhole. It emits through its poles Entropy and information in the form of dark, quark matter and gravitational waves of dark Entropy in super luminal jets that we observe indirectly around far away quasars, as they become again slower radiant matter, creating irregular galaxies. Thus white holes are the poles of wormholes, which indeed are the doors to the gravitational world of dark Entropy and quark matter that dominates the Galaxy, as cosmologists have discovered.

The equations of a wormhole show how it transforms the spatial, energetic parameters of the electromagnetic world into the inverse, informative parameters of the gravitational world, since a wormhole is an ultra-dense mass of highly ordered ‘boson nucleons’, packed into a single point of space…

Continuous physicists used to believe that the accelerating vortex reached infinite Entropy values in the central point or singularity, since they do not model masses, charges and Worm Holes as physical vortices of mass with a Radius, Ro, that represents the discontinuous limit between the external, body cycles of the Non E-point and its inner, still, informative region or brain, in this case between the vortex of stars and the still Worm Hole brain. Yet because infinites cannot be calculated they renormalize their equations beyond a certain limit in which they postulate 0 charge or 0 mass.

In fractal cosmology those tricks are not required as wormholes are modeled with Non-Euclidean topologies, which have always 3 regions separated by asymptotic membranes.

Thus fractal theory solves the problem caused by continuous infinite singularities, as Planck solved the problem of continuous, infinite temperatures, when he introduced fractal light quanta.

In organic terms, beyond the event horizon of a Non-Euclidean point, the Klein disk starts and beyond Ro, a discontinuous, inner radius separates the body from the informative, still brain*.*

In the galaxy the event horizon is the halo and this final radius is the horizon of the wormhole. In the atom, those 2 horizons are the external Electronic radius and the inner Bohr Radius, beyond which we find the proton Worm Hole.

The same pattern of 3 regions is found in a Worm Hole as a Non-Euclidean point. The event horizon is the external membrane. Then the point in which the equations of a Worm Hole reach T=0 is the inner Ro radius.

(This is the point in which Hawking says Worm Holes become negative in time and convert themselves into time machines)-: We already argued Mr. Hawking’s confusion of physical time, a change in the direction of motion, v=s/t, and absolute time, a hyperbolic error of the Cartesian graph. Time in physics is change in the direction of motion. So what T=0 means in a Worm Hole is that we reach the region in which the cycles of the Worm Hole’s body end and we enter the hyperbolic, high central tube that ejects dark Entropy. At this point time – understood as change in motion – halts and the Worm Hole enters the white hole region of production of dark Entropy, asymptotically perpendicular, with the form of a Belgrami cone.

The equations of Worm Holes show also their event horizon as a bidimensional *killing *field that destroys the entropy of our Galaxy, since it kills our Entropy/matter into its ultimate units on the Planck’s scale, *lowering as in all processes of death our components two scales down into its fundamental physical units*.

In the biological homology, a human being is composed of cells themselves composed of amino acids that act as the minimal units of life. So when an organism dies it suffers 2 deaths: first its cellular tissue is broken into pieces that feed the stomach of an organism, which will destroy it till its minimal amino acid units, used to recompose the organism’s own cells.

When we study mathematically Worm Holes they show also a dual process of destruction of light matter to its ultimate components, Planck areas or strings, used then to reconstruct the boson quark condensates of the Worm Hole and its dark Entropy.

Thus Worm Holes in their feeding processes destroy light matter till it absorbs its Planck’s areas, the minimal units of information and Entropy of our physical space-time, the equivalent to the amino acids that the stomach absorbs.

Then those Planck’s units, become lineal tachyon strings to form dark Entropy and cyclical strings or gravitons, the minimal units of the mass world, evolving into bosons and quarks.

Those quarks and dark Entropy is then expelled through the poles *to balance the expansive entropy of our membrane and create an immortal Galaxy. *Indeed, the expansion of space-time in the Galaxy is cause by the expansion of dark Entropy coming out of the Kerr worm holes’ poles; yet black holes also implode light into quark matter and the overall process creates a wobbling, dynamic balanced, zero-sum of fractal expansions and implosions, in a Galaxy that will never die.

*Recap*. We define a rotating *wormhole* as an organic topological structure, which uses the event horizon membrane to absorb radiant matter and Entropy through its central, ventral plane, which transforms it into ultra-dense top quarks and gravitational dark Entropy, expelled in perpendicular jets through its central, hyperbolic axial *white hole’s *pole used to control the body of galactic stars and communicate with other Worm Holes.

**The Existential Cycles=Time arrows of Wormholes.**

Wormholes follow the 4 energetic, informative, reproductive and social arrows of all exi=stential systems of reality: They feed on electronic matter, nurse galaxies and stars, and reproduce in momentum collisions with them, evolve socially in super-Worm Holes (galactic center swarms), and as the ‘long-lasting’ informative neurons of the galaxy and Galaxy, whose networks they create, its generational cycle lasts as long as the entity that hosts them (the same happens with neurons, the informative network of our body that last between birth and death). Let us study those arrows in more detail:

– *E>O: The main cycle of a Worm Hole is informative*. It creates quarks from electroweak matter and orders the galaxy into spiral forms through gravitational waves that ‘position’ the stars while symbiotically feeding their centers with Entropy that degenerates into matter. Thus the worm hole emits dark waves of gravitational information to control the galaxy.

Those informative waves of Worm Holes fed the energetic needs of stars, which therefore become chained to those waves without knowing its final demise – as gravitational plants, guided and herded by Worm Holes towards the center of the galaxy to feed them:

*-It<E: Their energetic cycles balance the entropy of the light-world*. Wormholes first erase light and radiant matter, feeding on gas and stars; and then renew it, creating new jets of pure dark, gravitational super luminal Entropy and quarks that enter back into our Galaxy as light and proton matter. If insects eat dead matter to renew the Earth’s ecosystem, the wormhole inverts the time/space coordinates of the light-world to renew it.

They act as ‘the antiparticles of the white cosmos’ that annihilate radiant matter. Kerr worm holes absorb Entropy from our light membrane by red shifting light, with different signatures according to their relative mass. The background radiation must be interpreted as the signature of 2.7 ‘background holes’.

Bigger, older Kerr worm holes of galactic mass are below the Background radiation curve and so they *can red-shift and absorb electromagnetic Entropy from it, feeding in this manner on the electromagnetic membrane.* For that reason the galactic map of the background radiation has a central zone, with lower temperatures corresponding to the giant central, colder worm hole.

– *Reproduction:* Wormholes control the reproduction of stars, which in turn reproduce wormholes. Since when a small wormhole crosses through a star, it catalyzes its explosion into a nova that leaves behind a neutron star or a wormhole. On the other hand, the ‘reproductive DNA center’ of giant galaxies is a massive wormhole structure that emits huge super luminal jets of quark matter, which catalyze the reproduction of stars, creating irregular baby-galaxies.

*– Social evolution*. The wormholes that occupy the informative center of galaxies are like the nuclei of cells, swarms of Worm Holes, which regulate the life of galaxies, as DNA does with cells. In the next scale, the dark Entropy flows ejecting by galactic black holes communicate galaxies, creating the networks and walls we observe in the grand scale images of the Galaxy.

*Recap*. Black holes follow in their events the 6 arrows of time. They feed on the electromagnetic membrane and its species; they perceive gravitational information; they reproduce stars and galaxies and they evolve socially into swarms in the center of galaxies and into galactic networks in the Galaxy.

**The 3 organic roles and types of wormholes in galaxies.**

By homology with any other non-Euclidean space-time that resembles a cellular organism, and the *Isomorphisms of ternary differentiation of all topological species, *we can consider 3 types of wormholes whose roles within the organic structure of galaxies will obey *its arrows of time but will also become essential to the bigger organism in which they exist.*

This simple rule, which we shall apply to all systems, is a tenant of the organic structure of the Galaxy – we differentiate species in ternary sizes, ternary topologies, ternary ages and ternary functions, which must be symbiotic to the higher ∆+1 organism in which the entity exists or else the organism would not ‘tolerate’ the presence of the microcosmic species with no function:

*– Intermediate, reproductive ES=TƑ zone: Spiral arms. *Non-rotating wormholes are born from dying stars. Then they form bi-polar systems with other stars feeding on them, taking advantage of their gravitational control, finally transforming the biggest stars into new wormholes. Those wormholes probably gather into social groups, which fuse in bigger wormholes and move towards the center of the galaxy where they can feed easily on its dense herds of stars, creating at the end of the process a central nucleus.

– *Max.Information: Nucleus.* The Worm Hole nucleus is a huge rotational, ‘Kerr hole’ or perhaps a herd of Worm Holes similar to the DNA nucleus of a cell. It is the informative brain of the galaxy that controls its fractal beings, the stars, with gravitational waves that shape the rotating movement of the galaxy, and establish its feeding rhythm:

The galactic Worm Hole first attracts interstellar gas to the intermediate non-E region, where gas reproduces stars, and then it sends that gas to the central wormhole that consumes it. In the same manner, electrons, the ‘stars’ of the atom, feed first on light quanta and then emit high-Entropy photons to feed the atomic nucleus.

Those gravitational waves also guide in old, globular galaxies, the stars toward the feeding center. Yet there might be other structures of dark matter, coming out of the nucleus, similar to the Golgi apparatus of cells: invaginations through which wormholes might flow into external zones of the galaxy to control the reproductive and destructive processes of stars.

Finally, the central hole emits through its polar zones, dark Entropy, super-luminal gravitational waves that probably communicate galaxies at super luminal speeds, forming the strings of galaxies observed in the Galaxy. Since according to string Theory gravitation in free, intergalactic space is not warped by electromagnetic branes that feed on them inside galaxies and limited to c-speed*.*

*– Max. Es: Membrane*. Though we cannot see the galactic membrane made of dark matter, by homology Non-Euclidean topology hypothesizes that the halo is the energetic membrane, where small wormholes called appropriately MACHOS, have functions similar to globular proteins in cells:

They create and control that galactic membrane of dark matter, which closes the galaxy as a black body; causing the background radiation, which according to recent empirical data might be local: They red shift light to 2.7 K, which becomes the metabolic temperature of the galaxy. They reproduce new stars and expel matter and radiation beyond the membrane: Since their rotation is perpendicular to the galactic plane they could create a positive or negative spin, depending of its orientation, provoking flows of Entropy and information in and out of the galaxy. Those outward or inward flows fine-tuned with the dark Entropy jets of the Worm Hole should move the galaxy at the will of the central Worm hole

The interaction of the membrane and the central Worm hole should encase all other species as a perfect Max. Es x max. It ‘upper class’ of the galactic organism in complete control of its inner parts.

*Recap*. There are 3 types of worm holes that control the membrane, inner center and herd the stars of the galaxy.

**The big bangs of the 3 types of wormholes**

The homology between the 3 sub-species of Worm Holes and the 3 regions of a galaxy explain the 3 possible scales of feeding and big-bangs of those Worm Holes; and the *functions of the lesser electromagnetic species for the top predators of the galaxy*:

– Micro-Worm Holes, Background MACHOs would eat up the commonest celestial bodies, planets and moons. This is our function; and the fact that we do not hear intelligent life in the galaxy and that CERN is going to do black holes to ‘see’ if they evaporate could explain how indeed, all moons become background MACHOs and all planets are blown up by ‘metric physicists’ unaware of the ‘why’ of black holes, stuck in the 3rd paradigm of using machines to measure the when of reality. This smaller worm holes would then migrate to the Halo of the galaxy closer to our planet.

– Medium Worm Holes formed in dense star centers, feed on them, causing supernovas, creating intermediate Worm Holes that migrate toward the center, forming the DNA nucleus of the galaxy.

– While galactic Worm Holes would explode into quasars, (galactic big-bangs). And/or as ‘dark galaxies’, recently found elsewhere, without emitting light, migrate towards the ‘Great Attractor’ or hyper-black hole at the center of the fractal ‘cell’ of the Galaxy in which we exist.

*Recap*. We might be just food for worm holes, which are born and feed on the 3 scales of electromagnetic matter of the galaxy: planetoids, stars and entire galaxies.

**The Worm Hole as a Gravitational, Informative Mind.**

The center of the galaxy is occupied by a giant wormhole that seems to be the final, social, evolutionary stage of multiple galactic Worm Holes, born out of the evolution of stars. It acts as the gravitational DNA-mind of the galaxy – a hypothesis, which mechanist science will always ignore. But we want to stretch your understanding of the 4th ‘why’-paradigm, describing those mind holes with the isomorphisms of Non-Euclidean geometry and superorganisms.

A galactic wormhole is a rotating object, which has a minimal spatial size and a huge dimension of height since it is made of boson, super fluid quark condensates. Its homology with a cellular, informative center, defines a central galactic wormhole as an enormous gravitational informative center, which controls its galactic body, positioning its star quanta through gravitational waves. In fact, when we calculate the wormhole’s informative parameters, it turns out to be a perfect super fluid computer, with maximal informative volume since its speed of calculus equals its speed of transmission of information.

The coldness of the wormhole proves also the informative hypothesis: In fractal space-time coldness means order, stillness, necessary to create in the center of a crystal or a cryogenic CPU, or a super fluid wormhole or the focus of an eye, the informative, boson accumulation of pixels that shapes a still, formal, fractal virtual image, without friction, without blur. Thus, the eye of man is cold. The brain is colder than the blood. The chip works better at cryogenic temperatures. And a wormhole is very cold, made of quarks in super fluid, highly ordered states.

Wormholes do create a complex virtual image of the galaxy with its strings. Physicists explain those processes in abstract when they affirm that a wormhole has an extra 5th dimension and its equations are homologous in 5 dimensions to those of the 4-dimensional electromagnetic world of the galaxy it represents (Maldacena Conjecture12).

*The description in 5-string dimensions of a Worm Hole is completely equivalent to the description of an electromagnetic galaxy in 4 dimensions. Thus as our brain has a ‘homunculus image’ of the entire body, which is what we perceive; the worm hole can build a ‘galunculus’ image in its interior. *The 4th ‘why’ paradigm provides the reason of the conjecture: the 5-dimensional world of string holes is equivalent to a 4-dimensional world; because *it is the map of our galaxy, made by the Worm hole’s mind.*

In topology the central zone of any st-point is an informative region, whose dimensions are the sum of the body and membrane dimensions. In cosmology the galaxy is a body-like vortex of reproductive stars and the central wormhole is the eye of the vortex that creates an image of the galaxy, as the brain maps out the body.

The hyperbolic center of higher form/information has more dimensions than the energetic bidimensional membrane and the reproductive toroid; since it holds the holography that combines the image of the external world imprinted in the ‘senses’ of its membrane, and the image of its internal, reproductive functions it commands. Since our galaxies have an external bidimensional halo and an internal 3-dimensional vortex of stars (a bidimensional plane with an added dimension of rotational motion), we can easily calculate with the general isomorphisms of the Holographic, central mind, the dimensions of a black hole:

*Bidimensional external membrane +3-dimensional cyclical volume:*

__5-dimensional hyperbolic nucleus.__

This simple law derives of the general law of dimensionality of the 3 regions of a Non-Euclidean topology:

*Information of hyperbolic ‘brain’= Information of Klein’s ‘body’ + Information Riemann membrane*

And it is the origin of the Maldacena Conjecture (a black hole, informative center of the galaxy has in 5 dimensions the same structure than a galactic mapping in 4 dimensions.)

What this means is that the Worm Hole must have an inner image of the galactic body, which it orders with its gravitational flows and an external image of the Galaxy in which the galaxy, its body floats, to direct its form toward fields of Entropy (intergalactic gas) and connect itself with other galaxies. This is what we observe galaxies do.

They form walls, strings and complex clusters with other galaxies and they feed on intergalactic gas and smaller galaxies. So they act as cells in a gravitational, organic soup and must have as cells and organisms do an informative, processing center able to have an internal image or mapping of its stars and an external connection that informs it of the outer world. However, we see only a 4% of the galactic structures; *the rest is the dark Entropy and dark, quark matter that the worm holes perceive to map out reality,* which is like trying to recompose a cell, in which we only see its mitochondria.

Another proof of this higher dimensionality is given by the Kaluza-Klein models, which explain our perceived electromagnetic 4-dimensional world and the 4-dimensional gravitation over which the network of light is imprinted, as if they were born from a larger 5-dimensional gravitational world. Finally, gravitons are the only particles that can have 5-spin positions=informative dimensions. Thus, all those self-similar theories point out to the fact that we are a floating membrane within a bigger, faster, more complex Gravitational Galaxy.

*Recap*. In fractal cosmology the central discontinuous zone of a fractal point is an informative region. This is the role of Worm Holes in galaxies, forming with other Worm Holes, communicated through flows of dark Entropy, the informative network that controls the Galaxy. Therefore it has the dimensions of its membrane and inner body of stars.

*Sp: Neutrino-light backgrounds.<ST-ars>TƑ: Black holes*

**SP: NEUTRINO AND LIGHT BACKGROUND**

**SP: Background Radiation: Basal Temperature of the Galaxy**

As any system can go in more detail, by looking closer to its fractal parts, we can go deeper and deeper in the analysis of the whys (biologic and topologic), whens (mathematical and metric), how/who (Logic) and what (experimental) questions of knowledge. Let us consider thus in more depth just one of all the elements of the galaxy studied here – the organic role of the background radiation – *the water of the galaxy…*

The background radiation coincides with the radiation of a black body at 2.7 K degrees. Since in Non-Euclidean topology any fractal point is a black body; that is, a point with minimal apertures to the external world, a galaxy will only emit background radiation through its Halo, in which background holes will redshift light at 2.7 K*. *Thus the galaxy surrounded by a halo of quark, dark matter can be considered a black body emitting at present time as an isothermal organism does a background radiation, whose organic function is to maintain a homogenous temperature, similar to the organic temperature of living beings and ecosystems, kept by its water. Thus*,* the background radiation acts as the cytoplasmic Entropy of galaxies with 3 functions:

– Max.Es: It provides Entropy to its bigger, colder Worm Holes and its super fluid helium structures (not treated in this introduction to complex cosmology). Both happen to have a temperature slightly lower than the background radiation from where they can extract Entropy.

– Es=It: It acts as the membrane limit, between the gravitational and electromagnetic membrane, within the galaxy, separating both worlds*. *It maintains also an isothermal temperature, as any organic system maintains a stable temperature.

– Max.It: It establishes a fixed frame of reference for the galaxy, *allowing the process of information and measure, location and communication defined by Gauge Theories*.

The background radiation is the ‘Entropy soup’, the cellular water of the galaxy that feeds its dominant RNA, its Worm Holes; as the hot water of the cell allows RNA molecules to move, kicking left and right water molecules with its COOH legs. Indeed, we know that only organic systems have a homogenous temperature. For example, humans have a homogeneous temperature within the limits of liquid water. So the 2.7 K homogenous background radiation reinforces the organic hypothesis.

Quark matter is *the top predator form of the galaxy; hence they are the entities, which, as the elephant on the savannah or man on Earth, or aerobic bacteria in the earlier planet, have redesigned the galaxy with their organic activity.* In Gaia, water, the equivalent to that background radiation, maintains a stable temperature, thanks to the feeding, energetic activities of its life organisms that avoid abrupt climatic changes. Without aerobic life the Earth would be like Venus – a planet with extreme temperature changes. Now it is almost isothermal. So happens to your body which has 36.5 degrees all your life, due to your organic activity as a water organism with 2 networks, a warmer blood and a colder, nervous, informative system.

So happens to the galaxy, in which the basal temperature of the background radiation separates the ultra-cold world of Worm Holes and dark, gravitational matter and the hot world of atoms and radiant matter, allowing the exchange of Entropy and information between the 2 physiological networks that structure the galaxy.

*Recap*. Background radiation is the Entropy soup, the cellular water of the galaxy that feeds its dominant RNA, Worm Holes.

**A case of study: neutrinos as the baseline of photons.**

Next, a key insight I want to convey from this introductory notes are clear:

– Neutrinos MUST be worked out, as the only particle with no ternary roles in the Universe at this stage to occupy a fundamental role in several scales of the universe or else they would NOT exist in such huge numbers. Neutrino physics in that sense is the most IMPORTANT field left to explore at this stage. As it has several properties which are coincidental with the roles required to describe the next scale of the Universe, that of quantum gravitational, dark energy and dark matter beyond the known-known level of galaxies.

My take is that neutrinos are NOT the quantum of gravitation as Bohrians think, because it is NOT needed, Albertians are right, attraction in gravitation HAPPENS because of the curvature around a MASSIVE central point of view (which makes almost indifferent for most calculus the other mass).

Only when A and B are similar in mass, there is a relationship of linearity and quantum gauging When one point dominates the other in mass-size and force there is not. And most gravitation systems around a sun, a black hole is of that kind.

Neutrinos do act NOT as forces but as communicators of information about distances.

They are hence similar to strings, in fact of the same minimal length – the Unit of LENGTH of the Galactic universe, and thus the ‘structural element’ constantly produced and radiated that webs a, background independent space, related to the ‘magnetic part’ of the light rays, they form together, as neutrino and antineutrino, reason why they are the only particles with left-handed or right handed singlet structure so they will ALWAYS neutrino + antineutrino, back and forth, form a perfect, planar, longitudinal fixed distance between two particles to start communication between them.

This communication will then be realized by the electric field created by the articles above it,

From an action point of view, they can be seen as the ∆e ‘food’ of H-Planck light quanta, and first c- ‘space line’ traced in the communication of particles, the tending of the cables of gravitation and hence also the quanta of transversal gravitational waves, latter studied in more detail. All those roles are possible within different theories of neutrinos but none is fully and well developed (neutrino theory of light, being the key to them. But only as the origin of the magnetic field of light born of two of those neutrinos, which add up the 1 spin of the photon).

Next we must understand neutrino oscillation, growing in mass, from a practical zero-mass till collapsing into a mass particle of the 3 Neutrinos generation – the tau which will be correspondingly much more massive (as Top and Tau quarks-electrons are). So they START UP many reactions, when they collide with particles.

And finally we must give it all the importance as in II-type supernovae they are the bursts of energy when those stars become black holes to form the underlying quanta of gravitational waves, but obviously not attractive but repulsive, quasar –like, nova like transversal gravitational waves –t he fronts of the big-bangs of all scales that carry the energy, repulsive dark energy waves, complemented perpendicularly by the ‘Higgs field’ much more massive scalar hyper luminal waves.

As Big bangs ARE as all systems that die, a broken SYMMETRY of two fields that created, Sp x Tƒ the system and now split perpendicularity as all the pictures of death of stars show – not chaotic explosions but cutting in two of the head-particle/field-entropy elements of the system, no longer in harmony.

Hence the ‘angle of the spins’ of the weak bosons, which merely says they angle upwards through the polar axis, while the wave of neutrinos explodes in all directions, without clear direction as the burst of energy.

This directional DUALITY of explosions of matter hardly understood is what explains the NEED for two particles the neutrino, almost massless and the W± Z H bosons with huge mass.

By all this I mean several neutrino ROLES are needed to complete 5D physics with Majorana neutrinos (neutrinos in which the particle and antiparticle are the same), which have mass and must be so far according to the general laws of T.œ, the gravitons of the transversal gravitational waves.

There might be outside galaxies faster than light neutrinos – something, which in the future would be easy to observe if we perceive a neutrino wave before the light wave of a supernova from far away galaxies.

Now essentially if neutrinos as all seems to indicate do have mass, are equal to their antiparticle and have boson qualities with ½ spin, their maths will be really fun. And I promise to get seriously pedantic with them on the 4th line (-;

Those neutrinos will be the feeding space strings for light beams (theory of neutrinos as origin of light fashionable in the 30s, and worked out by Jordan, Born, De Broglie and Fermi among others).

And any physicists could work out the details for those roles with some not so difficult modifications on the concept of a graviton.

In simple terms, neutrinos have the size of strings (measured in its weak angle scattering); and 2 inverse neutrinos moving back and forth between particles could act as bosons with 1 spin, and give birth to a light single polarized photon. Neutrinos are hyper abundant and with a minimalist mass, could account for the underlying structure of galaxies as ‘organisms’ with a formal structure since unlike planets stars do not move at different speeds but maintain the inner form of the ‘galacell’.

So the proper understanding of neutrinos as the ‘base’ over which light transits in the galaxy and the 3 families of masses as the components of its 3 Sp<ST>Tƒ organic parts, would put together all the points of view and isomorphisms of astrophysics.

We shall consider the theme in more detail in the next paragraphs.

In that regard the reader would notice the use of T.Œ, which no doubt as the century goes through and the theory is accepted to substitute mechanism as the philosophy of science that unifies them all, will become more important: to guide each science for the most likely to succeed paths of future research, through its stringent ‘economicity’ and enlightening isomorphisms.

So strangelets as the components of the Halo of galaxies, top quark hadrons of different BCT combinations as the cut-off substances of black holes, neutrinos as the h-Planck ‘strings’ of gravitational transversal waves between galaxies and within galaxies, the waves that maintain the stability and form of star orbits (of which I have read a few quite convincing models of astrophysics) are the most interesting ‘selections’ I have made on my constant ‘reading’ of astrophysicists’ paper, which is all what at this stage of my life can do for the discipline.

On the other side there are theories that do NOT fit at all within 5D T.Œ and I doubt will ever be proved, SUSYs and background dependent string theories should be out of the picture; non-quark dark matter theories too, with all its array of particles. T.Œ is limited because space and time are limited.

And what about the Higgs. As one of the leading activists against accelerators and big-bang experiments on earth, you might think 5D doesn’t have a role for it, but it does (given the chances to produce top quark black holes or strangelet that could explode the planet, in this I have been obviously very active, reason why the astrophysical community does not consider 5D Physics, but beyond personal careers one must be ethic as a finitesimal of the superorganism of mankind – and that is what physicists and economists so strongly criticized in my work have forgotten despite whatever they find about nature).

Essentially the Higgs field and similar models respond precisely to the other element of the higher plane of existence of the Universe beyond galaxies, connected to top quarks of huge mass and likely 10 c rotary speed, and black holes and dark energy and dark matter.

In brief, the Higgs is the field of hyper-gravitational and hyper strong force, of 10c beyond the galaxy dark energy and dark matter, which is a taboo concept on astrophysics, because of an ill-understood conceptualization of General Relativity (it is not in 5D physics , as General relativity is a theory of the light space-time membrane or 4Dimension of the Universe, a present ‘slice’ of the time flow and the 5th dimension.

In their first paper on quantum electrodynamics, Heisenberg and Pauli asserted that quantization of the gravitational field, which appears to be necessary for physical reasons [in a footnote, they refer to the works of Einstein and Klein on that line], may be carried out without any new difficulties by means of a formalism fully analogous to that applied here.

During the thirties, the idea of a gravitational quantum came to be generally (but as we shall see, not universally) accepted by theoretical physicists, apart from the small relativity community that followed Einstein in his continued search for a (classical) unified theory. In the early thirties, there was some discussion of Bohr’s idea that the neutrino might be related to the gravitational quantum.

Bohr said to Pauli, (March 1934): ‘The idea was that the neutrino, for which one assumes a zero rest mass, could hardly be anything else than a gravitational wave with appropriate quantization’. Fermi had evidently had a similar idea, but was aware of the problem of the different spins.

Pauli to Heisenberg, February 1934: ‘Fermi would prefer to make a connection between neutrinos and half gravitational quanta.’ As late as November 1934, Pauli cautiously stated: ‘While up to now it has been held almost certain that gravitational phenomena play practically no role in nuclear physics, it now seems that the possibility cannot be immediately rejected, that the phenomena of beta-radiation could be connected with the square root of kappa [the gravitational constant]’ suggests that Pauli may have had in mind construction of a graviton from two neutrinos, along the lines of de Broglie’s neutrino theory of light.

They wrote: ‘The comparison displayed above indicates that the graviton and the neutrino have much in common. This probably testifies that in general the highly improbable process of graviton radiation becomes practically observable in beta-decay. If the neutrino turns out to be the graviton this would mean that contemporary physics had approached the limits beyond which there would be no present insurmountable barrier between gravitation and electromagnetism. Due to theoretical considerations it is hard to identify gravitons with the neutrino since it is hard to admit that they have the same spin 1/2 as the neutrino. In this respect gravitons have much more in common with light quanta. It is impossible, however, to totally rule out a theoretical possibility of their identification.

He concludes:

The so-defined gravitational quanta or ‘gravitons’ have the… spin 2… It is certainly a limitation of the quantum-mechanical side of this treatment, that one leaves it at that approximation, in which the general-relativistic field equations are linear. This limitation is most closely connected with the well-known divergence difficulties of field theory.

Apart from these divergence difficulties common to all quantum field theories at that time, Pauli, like Rosenfeld, seemed satisfied with linearized quantum gravity. But in 1935 Bronstein had already applied Fermi’s technique to the linearized Einstein equations, and came to much more skeptical conclusions, when he opined: ‘It is a task of the nearest future to identify the ties between quantum mechanics and the theory of gravitation… what will be needed is a sort of marriage between relativity and quantum theory’ He was stressing the crucial significance of the three dimensional constants c, G, and h in defining the past and future development of physics.

Those are the fundamental questions that physicists need to resolve in detail.

What T.Œ provides is the general analysis of the issue from the higher perspective of the organic laws of the Universe.

It is obvious that at this stage ‘humans’ will NOT accept in the present dogmatic, ‘believers’ in digital machines languages concept of physics anything like what we propose in this blog. But for very long I have learned to ‘eliminate’ the human concept of science in these dark ages, moved only by intellectual curiosity. So I write for future Asian generations or for robots, as the present ‘civilization’ of ego-trips of western men, thinking machines must do their job has no much of a future.

In that future, if humans want to understand the Universe they will develop a synthetic ‘above’ T.Œ, Organic Theory of Everything, and if they go under as it is likely ‘obviously’ robots will NEED to feel organisms, and they will ‘believe’ in T.Œ

So here it goes: T.Œ is Simple, minimalist and dualist. All systems do have 2 organic networks, blood and nervous systems, and the galaxy does have obviously two such fields, the background light and background neutrinos.

This is the fact and so i couldn’t care less if in the equations of Mr. Einstein graviton appears at 2 spin and in the equations of Mr. Fermi, neutrino appears at ½ spin. Solve it. Nature has both and makes them unavoidably the same role. There is no other particle in the present state of the galaxy, which exists and can play both roles. Not it will be discovered, because it will have to be on the range of energies of the galaxy, which have been already searched for. It cannot be in cuckoo super-energies as they will not manifest constantly in this universe, and so it doesn’t matter if you can unify at 500 zillion Gevs the present forces.

This is not here now and in this conditions> so it doesn’t matter here now and in these conditions is all found and so you must account reality with the thing you have found as there is nothing else to find here now and in this conditions.

Work your maths, if you haven’t doesn’t it is not because it is not there but because something is wrong with your 2 spin graviton, ½ spin neutrino and spin theory. Ok?

In the case we are occupied, neutrinos are by far the only candidate for the basic actions between fermions, as a firs step BEFORE the communication through light space-time, which is able to transfer information in much greater measure, starts the organic built up of the galaxy.

So the way to explain the galaxy is first in its organic structure, then in its descending parts, stars and atoms and particles, and then when we start to explain the basic actions between atoms, the neutrino which is the quanta of galactic gravitation, appears unavoidably as the first connection between atoms and particles which lock them at a certain entangled distance for them to start communication. This resolves the fundamental problem on the models in which neutrinos give origin to light, already proposed in the 30s.

**The neutrino theory of light** is the proposal that the photon is a composite particle formed of a neutrino antineutrino pair. It is based on the idea that emission and absorption of a photon corresponds to the creation and annihilation of a particle–antiparticle pair. The neutrino theory of light is not currently accepted as part of mainstream physics, but actually is quite straight forward in its maths. That is it is perfectly coherent.

**GALAXY IN TIME: LITTLE-BANGING HORIZONS; MATTER EVOLUTION.**

*After the Little-bang, the Little-banging reproduced and evolved the huge Galaxy in 3 Horizons of growing complexity: the age of atoms, celestial bodies and galaxies.*

If we study the huge or cellular Galaxy in time, we differentiate in its evolution the 3±i ages of any space-time:

∆-1* (Past): The Little-bang conception* of the Galaxy, starting from a first informative cell of Planck density was also the death and gravitational Little-bang of a previous Universal singularity, a seed of ultra-dense quarks that transformed its inner, informative cyclic dimensions into an external, bidimensional sheet of dark Entropy: M(i)=e/c2. It was the age of the simplex time arrows.

–*Life arrow, steady state:* Then the Galaxy suffered an informative process of reproduction, self-organization and social evolution, the *Little-banging*, or age of the Complex Arrows divided in 3 ages – the atomic, stellar and galactic age, which should end in:

– *Informative, 3rd age:* A Little-crunch back into a new hyper-dense singularity that would restart the cycle in a new Little-bang.

– ∆-1 (Future): *New Little-bang* and *Conception. *The future explosion of the hype worm Hole will again create a bi-dimensional sheet of gravitational space-time where matter will again evolve, as quarks form nucleons that decay into atoms and dark Entropy warps into light, the new components of the future baby Galaxy…

Let us consider those ages and its ternary sub-ages, *according to a law of the fractal paradigm, known as fractal differentiation:*

*‘Any event or form of reality can be divided into ternary or dual events and spatial forms of a lower spatial scale or shorter time duration’*

This law structures fractal self-repetitions according to 3 ages and 3 Non-Euclidean structures in any scale. Thus it can be applied to study the 3 ages of the Galaxy and for each age, its 3 sub-ages. Since we have already study the fractal Little-bangs (birth) we shall start with the 3 ages of the Little-banging:

__I Universal Age: Particles, Atoms and Molecules.__

* – Birth: Max. Es: Fractal Little-bang of Beta decays.*

The Little bangings of primordial particles: After being scattered by a gravitational wave of dark Entropy at 10c<100c speeds, quarks evolved into nucleons and suffered fractal, expansive quantum Little bangings – beta decays – creating protons and electrons, later self-organized into atoms, molecules and more complex social structures, till giving birth to galaxies.

*3 Atomic Ages of matter states:*

Those molecular structures can also be studied with the law of 3 ages, according to which the 3±i states of matter respond to the dominant arrow of future information:

* – (∆-1): Plasma or conception state of matter*. The plasmatic state occurs at speeds closer to light, in a state in which atoms are split in primordial particles, free protons and electrons, which emit enormous quantities of radiation and sub-particles. Thus plasma is matter in its seminal state, (∆-1).

– Max. Es: The *gaseous* state is the classic *energetic state* of atoms or diatomic molecules with max. movement, spatial volume and min. formal density.

– <=>: The molecular state of balance between Entropy and information is the *liquid state*, which according to the law of harmony and maximal existential force (Es=It max exi), is *the reproductive state* of matter. For example, liquid water and mercury dilute all other atoms of similar weight that merge and evolve into more complex carbohydrates & metal forms: carbon-life or metal alloys. 90% of a human body *is liquid* water, with diluted, energetic gas (oxygen), and solid particles (proteins, DNAs, RNAs) to store and trans-form information. Since solid is:

– Max.It*: Solid, informative state* of min. movement and max. form & mass density that creates the most perceptive=informative, inorganic structures: crystals.

– (∆+1): Finally, the *super fluid (helium) and boson states (heavier atoms) are *the highest form of molecular evolution, because it combines the properties of solids with maximal order, liquids with max. reproductive, combinatory capacity and gases with max. Entropy. Thus, it gives birth, according to the organic, social arrow of Evolution of all systems to a new type of macro-organisms, with a central, hyperbolic nucleus of super fluids and bosons… the:

__II Age: ES=TƑ: Nebulae, stars and planets.__

In the next stage, those states of matter evolved socially aggregating into macromolecular systems* that combine 2 states of matter,* which act as the dual energetic/ informative elements of the complementary system. Those cosmological, macro-molecular systems seem to us static, because their existential cycles are slow (Max.Es=Min It). But they are also evolving in 3 ages:

*-Max Es=Min It:Youth. *Nebulae are the youngest, commonest, biggest (max.Sp), less dense, simpler (Min.It) physical systems, extended around and between galaxies. Their atoms exist in the energetic plasma and gas states.

*– ES=TƑ: *Stars are molecular macro systems, existing in the plasma and liquid states. Complex cosmology considers informative, cold, liquid and super fluid states dominant over energetic states, which Simplex Physics, based in a single Entropy arrow prefers, as Entropy is also easier to detect. Yet if we could reach the center of a star, we will find lower temperatures and super fluid systems. Since it is a basic tenant of Complex physics that informative, hyperbolic systems are more static and cold, able to create order and focusing formal mappings that gauge the external Galaxy.

*– Max Es=Min It: *Planets are systems that exist in liquid and solid states. They follow the Inversion Law, Max. Es->∞=Min.It->0. So giant planets exist in liquid states and smaller planets exist as solids. They are ferromagnetic planets; and we live in one of them. Again, fractal space-time theory favors cold, solid, informative states for those centers. So we affirmed that the planetary core should be a crystal; and their youth should be colder than scientists predicted. Indeed, recently we found that Neptune might have a solid diamond crystal in its center and the Earth probably has an iron crystal with a final Uranium core. And we have also found, studying zircons that planets cooled off much earlier than expected. Hence informative life also started earlier.

– *∆+1: Pulsars and Holes *are systems with a solid iron crust and a super fluid core of strange quarks.

Pulsars represent the final, informative age of celestial bodies, which might evolve further into Worm Holes, species belonging to the gravitational Galaxy beyond our light world, with higher form. Those holes become through social evolution the informative, hyperbolic centers of galaxies, triggering the next stage of evolution of the Galaxy:

__III Informative, Age and death: Max.It: The age of Galaxies.__* *

*-From left to right: A galaxy with a flat star body and a central brain, occupied by Worm Holes with a hyper-developed dimension of informative height, perpendicular to the galactic body.*

*-Different biological curves of stars reproduction.*

*– A region rich in atomic Entropy where those stars are born.*

*-A galaxy with an organic form that remembers a ray fish*

*– A giant galaxy, which re=produces a seminal jet of matter, giving birth to a younger galaxy.*

*The 3rd age of the Galaxy started once galaxies*, with central, informative worm holes and star bodies that feed on interstellar gas socialized in galactic networks with the 3 canonical topologies: Lineal walls, spiraled systems and cyclical, globular forms and disks.

Those 3 galactic networks structure a mature Galaxy that shows in computerized models a surprising similarity with the discreet networks of a living tissue.

As the Galaxy gets older, if it is a cellular structure it will warp further, creating *a hyper worm hole* of Max.Informative, Planck’s density in its hypothetical center that should become its DNA-like center controlling and feeding in a hyper-vortex of galaxies.

We could consider 2 cellular hypotheses:

∆+1: The Galaxy evolves socially as it becomes a cell of a hyper-Galaxy from a bigger ∆-scale…

∆-1: Each cell is an island Galaxy in itself that will finally collapse around its informative center, as stars do in elliptical galaxies, feeding its Hyper-Worm Hole in the Little-crunch. Then the Galaxy will die in a new Little-bang will initiate a new cycle. In this case the cell-Galaxy is self-similar to a bacteria, in as much as it is a single cell organism.

We seem to be moving towards the steady state, longer period of existence either because we are atoms-like of a huge Galaxy or because we are in a 2nd age that will latter implode back. Because the degree of curvature of the Galaxy is given by lambda which is near equilibrium, counting the implosive action of galaxies, and the expanding intergalactic space, both hypothesis (a gas-like huge Galaxy or a cell-like system are possible.

__The Huge Galaxy will reduce those ages to galactic phases.__

Yet if cells are atoms of a huge Galaxy none of those ages will happen, as galaxies would be the last ‘cosmic structure’, which we can perceive with certain precision.

In Einstein’s general equations of space-time, the cosmological constant that measures the Entropy of vacuum: l defines also the warping of the Galaxy, which can acquire our familiar 3 topological forms: a simple plane,-sphere proper of a young age; a cyclical, steady state toroid or a convex, informative form (its Little crunch, final state). Now l is positive, and the Galaxy seems to be plane but so close to zero that the hypothesis of a stationary Galaxy takes force. Yet again we cannot measure with enough time latitude to know if it changes and it will *diminish in the future it will become negative, inverting the *geometry of the Galaxy and warping it, into a final Little crunch.

Since ‘l’ can be considered the length of the tachyon string or minimal action of the gravitational Galaxy in terms of those minimal fractal parts, the thesis of a constant lambda and steady state huge Galaxy is reinforced by self-similarity with the constancy of ‘h’ in the quantum world.

In such case, there should be only quasar-like Little bang of galaxies, short of cosmic beta decays and the 3 ages or solutions of Einstein’s equation should be applied only to galactic space and the quasar cycle, initiated by a gravitational, inflationary Little-bang of dark Entropy, followed by a Little-bang of electromagnetic radiation, which quiets down, and finally implodes into gluon creation of quark matter.

Such humbler, more realistic analysis of the origin of the observables of astrophysics will reduce all relativistic analysis of the 3 ages of space-time to processes within the galaxy, born as the explosion of a hyper-black hole of top quarks, latter exploded into a fractal Little-bang of beta decays. We would then be in the 3rd age of such galaxy, organized already by a central black holes. Since t*he space-time of our galaxy is an implosive vortex of information.*

Indeed, we are in a Gödel Island-Galaxy, in a vortex of information called the Milky Away. Then the Energetic Galaxy should be considered irrelevant to us, only applicable to intergalactic, expanding space, because we would exist in the 3rd informative solution, the vortex of the galaxy and that is why the arrow of time in humanity is an informative arrow, not an energetic one. And that is why the sciences of information, of biology not those of Entropy should dominate our analysis of scientific phenomena – even if the awesome Entropy of physical beings might impress the simplex mind.

*Recap. *We can order the evolution of the whole Galaxy as any other organism in time through 3 ages each one divided in sub-ages: the young, energetic Little-bang, probable death of other Galaxy, the steady, reproductive state in which it seems to be now and the Little-crunch that will happen as the initial momentum of the gravitational strings slow down to under c-speed. Then we shall enter into the Gödel’s Galaxy in which some regions call galaxies in which we inhabit exist. In those regions information dominates Entropy.

**The Three Ages of Galaxies**

** *** The life cycle of a galaxy goes through 3 ages, evolving from a young, extended nebula into an old small wormhole of informative mass that dies in a quasar Little bang of dark Entropy and quark matter. In between, galaxies live a longer, mature toroid, cyclical steady state, fluctuating every 14 billion years between its spiral and elliptic form, while absorbing interstellar dust, which creates new stars and feeds the central Worm Hole.*

In the graph, the structure of a galaxy can be compared according to the homologic method of self-similarities between the ‘elemental’ units of each scale of reality with an atom vortex or with a cell, with a central DNA of social worm holes and a protein membrane or halo of quark, dark matter, made of energetic strangelets and microholes.

The ages of a galaxy in time are the same of in any other space-time field. Each of those ages or time events can be divided according to the law of ‘ternary diversification’ of *time events into spatial processes* into three spatial forms of reproduction. Thus, a galaxy can be created by three processes:

*– Seminal conception and Youth:* Galaxies are created with three types of reproduction:

-Max. Es: A galactic Little-bang quasar catalyzes the evolution of gas into stars. This birth is similar to a star Little-bang (nova) that catalyzes also the creation of stars or a Hypothetical Universal Little-bang that catalyzes the creation of galaxies.

– Es=Tƒ: Palingenetic conception, when the informative nucleus of Worm holes of a giant mother-galaxy emits a huge jet of dark, quark matter that ends into a baby galaxy.

– Max.It: Social evolution of energetic gas that creates complex star structures.

*-Es=Tƒ. Maturity/reproductive age. *Galaxies enter their steady state of reproduction, in which its spiral structure matures: stars gather in social groups and at its center a Worm hole, the informative nucleus, structuring its body of toroid, cyclical paths of stars.

Galaxies then mutate back and forth, from spiral into elliptical vortices of mass, feeding on interstellar gas, in a cycle that creates and destroys its spiral bar every 13 billion years in a quasar *Little-bang that renews the Galaxy and coincides with the parameters of the cosmic Little-bang of continuous models of space-time.*

*– Max.It; information age: *In their 3rd age, once galaxies exhaust their interstellar gas, their central Worm holes digest their star bodies, becoming globular, spherical forms with a hyper dimension of informative height, till they exhaust all their star Entropy. As dark galaxies, without the drag limit of c-speed caused by their electronic and radiant matter they now accelerate as pure worm holes up to z=10c; forming invisible, complex networks of dark matter.

It must be noticed that as all systems that go through 3±i ages of evolution, the final stage after its 3rd informative age has ‘2 solutions’, death and reversal of form into Entropy or ‘transcendence’ into a higher super-organism, communicated by the language of information of the system (so insects evolved into successful anthills while others become extinct and humans evolved into societies while most other mammals became extinct). Thus:

* – (∆-1):* Some galaxies die as quasars, becoming again according to the inverse symmetry between the 1st and 3rd youth and old age of all systems, irregular galaxies that will feed a new cycle of galactic creation. So irregular galaxies are both the youngest and oldest forms of the Galaxy, a fact that still confuses cosmologists.

* – (∆+1):* And those with a higher quantity of informative black holes in their nuclei evolve socially as cannibal galaxies, forming galactic networks in cellular groups that evolve socially into the large scale structures of the Galaxy. Their central Worm Holes grow, swallowing radiant matter at growing speed, and perhaps evolving with many other galaxies into a cluster Galaxy, of which there is no enough experimental evidence.

Thus, we differentiate the Little-bang or death of any scale of the Galaxy from a Little-banging or reproduction and self-organization of the present Galaxy and a 3rd age or Little-crunch, followed by a Little-bang or a process of emergence into a superorganism, which creates a generational cycle for any fractal space-time in 3±i ages.

*The Huge Galaxy and its galactic, fractal Little bangs.*

Since the age of a galactic cycle, 13 billion years, is the same that the age of the cosmological Little-bang, as Fred Hoyle affirmed, the cosmological, continuous Little-bang might be the sum of all galactic, fractal Little-bangs and the Huge Galaxy is not expanding as a whole. It will exist in a steady state, in which the knotting of space into mass by galaxies would compensate the expansion of mass into dark Entropy in the interstellar vacuum, which causes its expansion. Further on Little-bangs at the lower galactic scale, caused by the quasar explosions of its central Worm holes when they break their bars every ±14 billion years should be the origin of the second proof of a cosmic, continuous Little-bang – *the excessive quantity of helium in the galaxy* – found precisely in bigger quantities on top of the central Worm hole. Finally, background holes born of planetoids would redshift radiation at 2.7 K. Thus a fractal quasar Little-bang provides the same experimental proofs and better theoretical explanations, eliminating the multiple contradictions of the cosmological Little-bang.

Thus, a *steady state* theory of the Galaxy combined with a fractal theory of multiple Little-bangs/quasars, as it was reformulated mathematically by Fred Hoyle, in which the multiple, constant Little-bangs of galaxies into quasars are responsible for helium formation, redefines the Galaxy as a huge fractal scale of cellular galaxies in eternal balance with the expanding space, where light devolves back into 10 c dark, gravitational Entropy and dark Entropy warps into light by redshift and dark matter into galactic matter, imploding space:

*Sp (dark Entropy expansion) = Tƒ (dark, quark matter implosion)*

Such balance, coupled to the constants of proportion between the energetic and informative elements of a complementary system,. explains also, without appealing to the magic anthropic principle, the universal balance between matter and radiation, whose probabilities otherwise are null. Indeed, why matter and Entropy are in balance in the Galaxy at this exact moment in time, in a proportion of 1 to 3 (as mass is bidimensional and radiation 3-dimensional) if their relationship is dynamic, changing all the times, with Entropy winning the battle and expanding faster?

The answer is: because the Galaxy and any partial system within it exist in 3 to 1 balances between their Entropy and information/mass and when those vital constants of balance break the system ceases to exist.

*Recap*. Galaxies live through the 3 same ages of any space-time, born as seminal flows of dark Entropy and electromagnetic radiation, ejected by giant galaxies that condensate into quarks dark matter and an explosion of electronic forms and the creation of atoms and stars, start the reproductive age that will collapse into a central Worm Hole, back to the original quark-gluon soup that gave it birth.

While the study of the different isomorphism should go on line 3, as I was looking to old 2 decade files of the first self-published book with 5D physics (physics of time, now ‘extinct’ unless some ‘Nobel prize’ or university kept it), I found this funny graphs, on the duality and ternary symmetries that give birth as usual in all systems to the 6 main species of ‘female ternary space-time species’ and ‘male ternary space-time species’, to use the organic jargon I have always preferred and of course made T.Œ unpalatable to any reader in the past (-:

**5D scales of the galaxy: ∆-1: quark families, ∆-cosmic bodies, ∆+1: parts of the galaxy.**

**CONCLUSION The cellular Universe.**

Galilean relativism *(e pur si muove, e pur no muove*) implies that depending on which kind of energetic or informative force we use to observe certain reality, we will perceive it either as a fixed, spatial organism (the Universe perceived with gravitation) or as an evolutionary species in motion through time (the Universe perceived with slow light).

So we see either a moving Earth and a fixed cosmos, when we see them through gravitation, or a quiet Earth and a moving Universe when we see them through light.

Since gravitation, the force that shows a spatial, synchronic Universe is invisible to our instruments; astronomers only study a temporal, diachronic Universe, perceived with light. However there is a universal organism in space, self-similar to any other Fractal point. Since once the evolution of the hypothetical cellular Universe concluded in time, creating the 3 regions of any fractal point, the Universe structured itself in space, communicating those 3 regions through simultaneous non-local gravitation. Let us then study those 2 sides of a hypothetical cellular Universe – first the spatial, organism of the Universe and then the temporal ages of creation of that Universe in the next paragraph.

If we perceive the Universe from a temporal perspective through its slow force, light, it appears as an evolutionary process of matter, coming out from the genetic ‘big bang’ singularity of a local, cosmological first cell – the hyper-dense singularity of the big bang (which went afterwards through a cold, reproductive ‘big-banging’ or creative, informative process, later studied in more detail).

Yet, when we observe the Universe simultaneously in present space (first picture of the previous graph), thanks to its faster force, gravitation that allow the parts of the Universe to interact, those far away regions become integrated with its closer regions through the informative networks of dark Entropy, NOT through the light, energetic networks of galaxies and stars, explaining its homogeneity. Again this is a generic law of complementary systems, as any organism is defined by its informative, nervous network that gives it its form.

Of the two possible ‘scalar’ theories of such Universe, one of infinite scales in which galaxies are atoms, and one in which universes are fractal ‘cells’ of a hyper-universe, broken in ‘bubbles’ of a fractal inflationary big-bang with a limit, the first one would imply a huge universe, in which we are just a ‘hydrogen-like atom’ of an enormous interstellar cloud. The second theory however would imply a structure within our ‘cellular Universe’, in which non-local, faster than light gravitation creates an organic Universe, structured as a fractal point, with its 3 canonical, topological, Non-Euclidean zones:

*-Max.TƑ:* The cellular Universe should have a nucleus of enormous gravitational mass, a hyper-worm hole, connected to a network of dark matter, which acts as its informative brain, since it forms through non-local gravitational forces the shape of its galactic networks, as the DNA nucleus of a cell controls the form of the organelles that reproduce its proteins.

Though the nucleus is a gravitational knot invisible to us, we have found a very dense region of dark matter called the Great Attractor towards which many galaxies, including ours move, which might be that center. That informative singularity will keep growing and attracting other galaxies in a generational cycle*, *till it explodes again its form into Entropy in a physical big-bang, similar to the one that might have created our Universe.

–*Max.SP:* An external Entropy membrane not to confuse with the galactic light background radiation and the dark Entropy spelt by galactic Worm Holes, (which quasars show to reach a limit speed of C<v<10 C redshift). There are hints of this possible final wall in measures of dark Entropy expansion over 10 C<V2<100C at the limits of the Universe. But proofs are scant as we need better telescopes to obtain them. Thus we shall call this dark Entropy, the super dark Entropy, or next fractal scale of lineal forces.

– An inner E/T region with galaxies that reproduce matter and light. It is the visible space-time created, according to the duality of physical big bangs/big bangings: after the invagination of the inner nucleus of dark matter that clearly directs the movements of galaxies. In this inner region dark Entropy at C<V<10C communicates galaxies; while radiation matter is the food of dark matter. Thus galaxies form an energetic, electromagnetic network of galactic mitochondria, which reaches its maximal density in filaments of galaxies, (near the center of the Universe).

Such cellular Universe has an energetic, electromagnetic network of radiant matter similar to the blood network of a living organism, which weighs only a 4% and reaches its maximal density in the external membrane and the filaments of stars, (center). And it has an informative, gravitational network similar to a nervous network, which reaches its maximal density in the hypothetical hyper-worm Hole, brain or central singularity of that cellular Universe, the Great Attractor.

This network weights a 21%. Both feed on the intermediate space-time region of gravitational space-time (dark Entropy, which is the 75% of the Universe and acts as the ‘water’ of the Universal organism, also the maximal weigh of a living being; or as the background radiation of the galaxy, also its most common substance). This coincides with the general rules of proportionality between spatial bodies and informative heads, which are in a 3 to 1 proportion. That is, indeed the proportion between radiation pressure and mass; dark Entropy and dark matter, and many other informative/energetic parameters of the physical Universe.

__The cellular Universe as a fractal part of the higher structure.__

It seems quite evident that the organic laws of systems do define a Universe similar to any other organic system. Let us indeed make a comparison between a biological and cosmological ‘Universe’:

*The Local Universe seems to have a dual network structure—electromagnetic Entropy and visible matter vs. quark, dark matter and dark Entropy, which forms its faster networks of information, the membrane of gravitation. It is the organic hypothesis of a Universe made of 2 networks of dark matter and light Entropy – cellular galaxies, which form a simply connected system, similar to a colonial tissue, with the apparent form of a semi wave in grand scale images perhaps, belonging to a bigger Hyper-Universe.*

In the graph, in T.Œ all Universal systems have the same symmetric structure in fractal space and cyclical time:

Sp(limb/fields of maximal entropy) > ST (Balanced body-waves of energy and information) < Tƒ (heads-particles of maximal form)

Which co-exist along 3 scales of the 5th dimension:

∆-1 cellular-atomic scale ∧ ∆-Thermodynamic-Organic scale ∧ ∆+1: Social-Cosmological Scale.

And live 3 ages in time between conception and extinction:

∆-1: Max. Tƒ: Conception< ∑œ ∧ |Ps:Energetic Field-past-young age > e xi: Reproductive present wave > Tƒ: Particle/solid state ∨ ∆-1: Big-bang Death.

This simple structure, applied to any system of the Universe, provides us a simple guidance to study the fundamental scales and systems of physical nature.

The grand scale images of the Universe show a structure with the form of a half wave, which can be anything in that upper scale, from a half light wave to a worm like micro-organism. It might also be possible that as stars form spiral vortices, the mapping observed in the previous graph is the outer cover of a spiral Universe, with a central zone of hyper-worm Holes, which would act as the nuclei of an atom.

We can’t know what is the next scale of form of the Universe, because we have little evidence, as most is dark matter and Entropy whose form we can’t deduce and because all scales of reality are self-similar so we cannot easily distinguish them; as we could not distinguish a bottle of beer with a bad picture of it.

The verification or not of a cellular Universe could be done by the Webb telescope testing the existence or not of a limit at 13 billion years – a dark region or wall of fire, which perceived in space would look like the first picture. Then we could reasonably think that the local Universe hosts around 10 ^{10-11} galaxies in a cellular structure separated from other parallel Universes by a wall of dark radiation at z=10-100 C.

*Recap*. Super luminal gravitation and light are the 2 forces that interact in the Universe, which as any other Non E point should possess 2 networks/forces: the informative, faster gravitational force that structures the position of galaxies; and the electromagnetic force that acts as the ‘blood/energetic system’ of the Universe. Such Universe in space could be a cell of a hyper-universe or a huge reality in which each galaxy is a self-similar atom, with a background light-space.

So the Higgs whose fundamental reaction is Top quark + Top antiquark < = > Higgs, acts as the photon acts in this membrane, which as we all know reproduces constantly virtual particles and antiparticles, or as the gluon acts in the strong force which reproduces quarks and anti-quarks on the lower USD decuplet. All those are essential symmetries of 5 D Physics. And so yes, the Higgs does have a role.

But beyond that role, there is something called scientific ethics within T.Œ which is a unification theory that does not ‘split’ sciences from each other, but ‘make them all’ correspond to a role within the Human superorganism of history. So all sciences do have an obligation to contribute to the future of mankind. And that is why I opposed so many years to CERN. Simply speaking, Higgs production of top and antitop quarks is dangerous. They could form black holes on earth that would not evaporate. As other experiments that produce quark-gluon soups with hadrons are dangerous as they could reproduce strangelet that would swallow the Earth.

Those are known known physics in 5D models. They will happen, if mankind keeps doing big-bang and Higgs experiments. And while in standard physics they are also possible, in 5D physics they are ‘extremely likely’ hence while other physicists have washed their hands like Pilatus, I had to denounce CERN even if it meant to sacrifice T.Œ to the altar of human ethics.

So this is the canonical model of 5D astrophysics, which I put forward 20 years ago, and still stands as the only serious candidate to explain the structure of galaxies and black holes, in astrophysics, and the entire meaning of quantum physics and the relationships of all the scales of physical system, as well as all other sciences.

So in the graph, we analyze the isomorphism of 5D space-time elements for the two main systems studied by mankind – the astrophysical Universe, and the biochemical world of humanity. Both should, according to the previous analysis share the same properties and arrows of time, albeit with different quality and amount of ‘complex information’ and ‘simplex Entropy’. Let us then briefly introduce those 2 systems and their self-similarities.

Despite the enormous difference of size and metric details, they are both topological, fractal organisms with the same elements of all organic fractals. Since reality is a self-generating topological Fractal of infinite beings made with 2 arrows of Time: Entropy and information, whose self-similar properties emerge invariant in topological form in all scales of reality. Thus all organic fractals, including man and the Universe have 3 elements that define them:

– Its cellular units, (galaxies and cells).

– Its networks of Entropy (blood and radiant ¥-matter) and information (nerves and dark-neutrino-gravitational matter) that organize those cellular units.

– And the relative space-time planes in which a self-similar but not equal fractal structure re-emerges.

On the left, man is a fractal made of cellular units and networks of Entropy and information (nervous and blood systems), whose cycles and functions extend through 3 hierarchical, organic planes of increasing size: the cellular, individual and social plane.

On the right, the Universe is also a fractal, structured in 3 planes of self-organization: its cellular units are stars and Worm Holes that shape 2 galactic networks of radiant Entropy and informative, dark matter; st-points of a cosmos at ‘grand scale’ (the points on the picture). The final form is self-similar to a wave, perhaps inscribed into a hyper-Universe.

How can both worlds/networks co-exist together? In continuous space-time they can’t but in discontinuous space-time where a ‘dimension’ is fractal, hence it is a fractal network, it is rather easy:

The light Universe is a network, like a fishnet floating of an immense sea of gravitational Entropy. Each knot is a charge, a non-E point that communicates through the strings of the net (the electromagnetic forces), leaving a huge dark ‘space-time of ‘water’ – that 76% of gravitational dark Entropy – which is not ‘illuminated’ neither interacts with the fractal net of light.

Some Physical theories describe fractal space-time in that way, calling the fishnet a ‘brane’ made with cyclical, temporal knots (spins or closed strings) joined by flows of its lineal, energetic Sp x Tƒ actions/forces that tight together those knots.

The Universe sandwiches mankind between 2 relative scales of space-time, the quantum membrane of electroweak forces and the gravitational membrane of strong masses. Yet both membranes obey the same isomorphisms of Multiple Spaces-Times. Thus, regarding their morphological structure both membranes possess organic, complementary systems with the 3 topological standard regions /forms of a fractal point.

Those are therefore the basic organic elements of a relative Universe, which validate the experimental, sound interpretation of cosmology and we shall use now to explain the nature of the big bang.

So cosmology does have a point of metaphysics.

*Recap*. Our galaxy is a cyclical vortex of space-time of maximal information, reason why we are informative beings and accumulate information. The entropy arrow does NOT dominate this planet, this species, this vortex of galactic information, but only the expansive space between galaxies, and the minds of Neanderthal macho-man violent physicists with its worldly religion, to make weapon of ‘mass destruction’. Point.