Life in time:
¡-1: Its 5 Dimotions=actions (Drives of life)
¡o: Its worldcycle of life and death
¡+1: Its evolution and horizons as species
TOPOLOGIC EVOLUTION OF LIFE – FROM MONERA TO MAN
IT IS THEN easy to explain the conundrum on how life came from atom to man, which is the investigation carried about in our 2nd line on the biological science. We shall thus resume it here, to show the power of the Disomorphic formalism.
The ternary evolution and differentiation of Monera.
In the graph, the ternary method of speciation explains the evolution of animal species from its first form, the Hydra till the last phyla, the chordates to which humans belong
We live in a global planet that has been evolving for billions of years through the flows of its living organisms. Let us recapitulate that ecosystemic evolution, which brought the Earth from a world of methane to a globe of electromagnetic, audio-visual information, a process, which according to the ternary principle we can divide again in 3±∆ ages. We will study only the animal kingdom in detail to show how it brought us into human existence. So we will only consider a synopsis of all the other life phyla, describing their evolution through the commonest ternary e, e<=>I, I differentiations proper of all i-logic systems with its ternary topologies:
-Differentiation in: e-TiƒxSpe-I, lineal, spiral or cyclical morphologies, each one evolved in 3 horizons that maximize each of the 3 homologous functions of motion, reproduction and information.
-Duality of integrated, multicellular networks that act as a single form vs. quantized herds.
-Duality of energetic/informative species adapted to E-hot vs. I-cold climates.
-Adaptation to the ternary states of matter in Earth’s physical ecosystems: air, land and sea with its 3 main environmental topologies:
– E: shallow waters and rivers, which become hunting grounds.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: open waters and savannas of max. reproduction.
– Max.I: Abyssal regions and mountains, the hyperbolic region of maximal informative evolution.
So again life evolution shows how ‘internal form’ and external ecosystems, the ∆-1 and ∆-scales of life converge together to define the ∆-organic evolution of the species.
Let us then start that description of the differentiations of life kingdoms from the simplest one.
Diversification always belongs to the – or + directions of one of the 4 arrows of time of a species.
Mind the reader that this classification is not a how one, established by the genetic clock by modern science, as certain ‘potential forms/functions’ of the program of the Universe might appear in different times, might be suppressed in certain species, etc. The meaning of this study is therefore to show that all the main phyla of life can be described as a potential ‘negative or positive’ direction of an arrow of time that diversifies species and limits the variety of them. So species might grow in size by increasing the quantity/social evolution arrow of its cells, or might decrease with lesser social cells. This is therefore a variation along the 4th arrow of time, and a potential form two create two species, which might or might not belong to different genetic species. For example, among dogs cellular numbers and hence size changes enormously but all are from the same species and can reproduce sexually. Among chromosomes however poliploids cannot reproduce with haploids or if they do often produce sterile individuals even if the original species merely differentiate by a change in the numbers of chromosomes, as those chromosomes cannot ‘cross’ one to one for sexual reproduction.
Monera: Unicellular forms.
– Max. E: Cyanobacteria, blue-green algae, specialize in energetic processes.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Protista absorb cells specialized in Entropy and information, multiplying its TiƒxSpe force.
– Max.I: Schizophita Bacteria develop informative elements to capture other plants.
We can do further subdivisions along other E<=>I differentiations. For example, bacteria subdivided according to its form into:
– Lineal spirilla that coil or elongate their form depending on its informative or energetic activity.
– TiƒxSpe: Bacilli, with tree-like forms composed of a head and a tail.
– Max.I: Cocci, the informative, cyclical form that suffers further evolution along a ternary, topological differentiation into:
–Streptococcus: one-dimensional, lineal, social forms.
– Diplococcus and Tetracoccus: bidimensional forms with 2 and 4 elements.
– Sarcina: 3-dimensional social coccus.
As Protista, the social form, multiplied its TiƒxSpe force thanks to the specialized Entropy and information cells it had swallowed, dominating the world, the other 2 weaker forms suffered a temporal regression towards its past, which became a strategy of survival, giving birth to:
-Max.E: Rickettsia, algae that have lost their informative skills and are basically semi-living bodies.
– Max.I: Virus, bacteria that have lost their bodies and become DNA brains in search of other bodies in which they host, inoculate their genetic code and reproduce.
On the other hand the dominant Protista with higher TiƒxSpe force continued the evolution of the life kingdom, splitting again into 3 forms that evolved further into multicellular organisms, plants (Max. E), Fungi (Tiƒ≈Spe) and animals (Max.I):
Plants: Max. Entropy
The energetic strategy of the multicellular living kingdom is the plant, the autotrophic species that feeds on the basic molecules of life, accelerating enormously the evolution of life as it produces complex living matter from the initial water, ammonia, CO2 and light bricks that took billions of years to evolve. Though algae started as unicellular forms, as fungi and animals did, they soon evolved in 3 horizons along the fractal differentiation that took them to its multicellular state:
– Chlorophyta were the I horizon of unicellular alga, that grew into colonies of algae (Crysophyta, II horizon), which finally fusion into multicellular organisms (Pyrrhophyta, III horizon).
– The most complex, informative phylum, Pyrrophyta, differentiated then into 3 sub forms adapted to the 3 water ecosystems. Those water ecosystems differentiate the morphology of informative animals into lineal, Max.E, fast-moving surface fishes, Max.I, sessile or planar dragging forms, living on the marine floor (fast-evolving echinoderms origin of vertebrates) and abyssal complex, TiƒxSpe morphologies. In the case of energetic seaweeds, it affects the degree of sophistication of their chlorophyll pigments and the strength of their cellular structures of sustain, creating 3 new phyla:
– Max. E: Rhodophyta or red algae, with the simplest cellular structures and simpler phycoerythrin pigments, live in the deeper sea, limited to tropical regions of max. light transparency.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Phaeophyta or brown algae have complex membranes and 3 chlorophyll pigments; a, c and phycobilliproteins.
– Max.I: Clorophyta or green algae. They added carotenoid pigments to the 3 Phaeophyta pigments and increased the strength of their walls. Hence they became the most successful forms with Max.IxE force (Max. pigments x Max. membrane), evolving further into terrestrial plants.
That migration to land took place in 3 ages in which plants raised its informative height from:
– I Age. Clorophyta; planar alga living in shallow waters.
– II Age. Briophyta: Mosses, subdivided in 3 forms with growing dry membranes and height dimension, Musci (I Horizon), Hepaticae (liveworts, II Horizon) and Hornworts (III horizon), which raised their horns towards the sun as their names indicate.
– III Age. Tracheophyta, vascular plants, with structural inner networks of hard cells that rose to touch the light that feed them. In dry land plants, as animals will do latter, had to evolve further all their network systems, creating new, more complex phyla, departing from the initial psilotophyta appeared in the Ordovician. First plants created the body, the trunk that connects its informative roots and energetic leaves.
But the key to their evolution was the differentiation of their reproductive cells in 3 Horizons of increasingly ‘dry’ gametes: Lycophyta (I Horizon), Sphenophyta (II Horizon) and Ferns (III Horizon) – the first plants with dry seeds that became the top predator species, multiplying in all land environments and differentiating again in 3 evolutionary horizons of ever more perfect seeds:
– Max.E: Ferns, which dominated in the Mesozoic age.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Gymnosperms, subdivided according to the Fractal Principle in cycads, ginkgoes and conifers, which dominated in the tertiary age. Conifers adapted to cold weather, thanks to its needle like leaves of minimal exposure. So they became the most successful species, when cold climatic changes came. They brought about also the dominant modern plants:
– Max.I: Angiosperms, flowering plants, the ‘height’ of reproductive evolution among plants, perfectly adapted to all weather changes, with seasonal, blossoming, leaves that fall in cold periods and a complex symbiosis with insects that can transport their pollen too far away distances.
They will dominate the quaternary with only a final dual fractal differentiation into:
– Monocots Vs dicots with 1 or 2 seeds.
So when all was said, the evolution of plants remained silent.
Fungi: Max. Reproduction. TiƒxSpe.
Fungi are big Protista cells that tried the 2nd survival strategy of the Universe, maximizing their TiƒxSpe reproduction, by maximizing their E-feeding, eating the most abundant food, dead life; and by maximizing their genetic information, multiplying the nucleus of its cells within an undifferentiated membrane. And we distinguish 3 horizons in their reproductive evolution:
– In the I horizon Euglenophyta swallowed E-plants and I-animal sub-cells (chloroplasts and mitochondria) within its huge membrane, increasing it TiƒxSpe capacity.
– In the II horizon Gymnomycota maximized the reproduction of their nuclei, the informative, genetic material of the cell, forming multicellular colonies with a single membrane.
– They gave birth in their III horizon of reproductive evolution to true fungi, Mycota, which are the fastest reproductive species of the life world. Their reproductive specialization shows in giant Lycoperdales, the living form which reproduces faster, reaching the limiting magic number of 1011 spores. Thus a single lycoperdal can produce all the clonic cells needed to create a perfect new scale of existence (stars of a galaxy, DNA ties, etc.)… if they survived.
Finally in the last evolutionary horizon, fungi differentiated further according to the ∆+1 ecosystem in which they live into:
– Max. E: Water fungi mainly Chytridiomycetes.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Amphibian fungi, mainly Oomycetes.
– Max.I: Terrestrial fungi, which evolved in the informative land medium, differentiating into:
– Max. E: Asomycetes, planar simple or subterraneous forms like yeast and truffles.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Deuteromycetes, a transitional form towards…
– Max.I: Basidiomycetes, the familiar mushrooms, which evolved its 3 networks, developing:
Stronger cells to sustain their informative growth in the height dimension; and new reproductive systems with dry spores and new energetic cycles to decompose all kind of dying matter.
Animal life: Max.Information
The heterotrophic animal family is born with protozoan, which developed soft membranes and cilia to absorb living information from the outside world. To that aim cilia evolved again its 3 functions: as energetic, motion engines; as sensorial, informative tools and as predatory forms that capture food for the reproductive cells of the protozoa. So once more we can subdivide protozoa in 3 sub-forms, according to its activity and dominant cycle:
– Max. E: Mastigophora, flagellate protozoan that divided, according to the fractal principle, by its number of cilia:
– Max. Tiƒ≈Spe: Sporozoan, parasites that reproduce seeds and have sexual differentiation.
– Max.I: Amoebida, the informative protozoan that increased their DNA and evolved farther their membrane’s flexibility, becoming nervous cells able to control – thanks to their faster action-reaction speed- multiple cells, which evolved together creating multicellular animals.
Multicellular animals differentiated into many phyla, following the ternary, fractal principle (e-ixe-i) applied to the evolution of 3 cellular, social networks, the energetic, digestive system; the blood, reproductive system and the informative, nervous system, the dominant network that reached with man its evolutionary height. Then the morphology of life would be transferred to stronger atomic systems made of metal, called machines…
Recap. Different living phyla were born from ternary and complementary differentiations of e-TiƒxSpe-I species and adaptations to its ∆+1 ecosystems. The final differentiation its 3 multicellular life forms, e-plants, TiƒxSpe-fungi and I-animal life was due to the evolution of informative cells that organize multicellular life since animals use electric, faster informative languages and plants, slower chemical hormones.
VII. EVOLUTIONARY PUNCTUATION. ANIMAL PHYLA
The Hydra is a new living phylum with 5+2 cells distributed in 3 regions, common to all palingenetic, fetal forms:
– Max. E: The ectoderm is the external, energetic membrane with the hardest cells: the hard epithelial and aggressive urticant cells that explode its poisonous cilia and the interstitial cells that ensure its continuous isolation.
– Max.I: The mesoderm is the informative region, with nervous and sensorial cells.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: The endoderm is the intermediate region with glandular cells that digest food quanta, entering through the mouth.
Network evolution: bodies, brains & reproductive systems.
It is then evident that the evolution of animal life creates new phyla, based on the capacity of the new species to accomplish their external cyclical actions on their territory, thanks to the evolution of their internal and external networks.
The interaction between those 2 levels, the ∆-1 level of physiological networks and the ∆+1 level of ecosystemic territories determine the existence of most organisms. So the evolution of life on Earth, externally observed in the ecosystems, territories and relationships of living animals, which depend ultimately on their capacity to handle temporal Entropy coming from light, is caused internally by the evolution of those 3 types of organs and internal networks: reproductive, genetic organs; informative, brain organs and energetic, body organs.
When one of those organs evolves, improving its capacity to handle Entropy or information coming from the ecosystem, a fundamental differentiation of species occurs. And we can consider the evolution of the main phyla of animal life in a deconstructed manner, as a process that evolves sequentially those 3 types of organs:
The evolution of those three organs triggers the biological radiation of a new phylum that preys on less efficient forms of organic life. The process is very fast, as time can change its rhythms and adapt to the best strategy of survival, as palingenesis shows. It is called Evolutionary Punctuation: when a new species with better Entropy or informative organs appears, it feeds on other species and reproduces massively causing the extinction of the previous top predator species, till it reaches a trophic balance with those victims. It is the essence of Darwinian evolution: ‘evolve and multiply’. We can find such catastrophic evolution in many geological and organic ages of the Earth: First animals displaced plants because they evolved better informative networks. Plants could only gather Entropy from light. Animals could ‘see’ light and get information about their environment, and act-react faster. They used plants as food. Then animals ‘radiated’ (multiplied) all over the Earth and diversified. And each new phylum with improved networks displaced the previous ones. Thus once more, the evolution in time of living organisms and its spatial structure are intimately related.
Thus, the first ternary evolution of multicellular life created 3 phyla of increasing tissue complexity that completed the evolution of animals from the ∆-1 cellular tissue to the ∆-network scale:
-Max. E: The simplest animal organic systems, sponges and porifera, which are basically a digestive system.
-Tiƒ≈Spe: The balanced animal organic systems, the coelenterates such as the hydra, which maximize its reproduction through the split of its cells.
– Max.I: Worms that add informative cells and differentiate clearly its 3 physiological networks.
They were the first of many ternary E-TiƒxSpe-I rhythms of creation in the animal kingdom that evolve from energetic, to reproductive to informative sub-species, through the 3 horizons of any phylum, with a parallel improvement of the 3 network systems of the animal, which from now on will be the higher ‘scale’ of existence to which all cells become submissive.
Since as the new animal forms multiplied, their informative nervous networks controlled a growing number of cells through their fractal, simultaneous actions; and so they also grew in spatial size, multiplying their TiƒxSpe force. It means they had to re-organize those cells beyond their initial division in simple tissues, creating specialized ‘energetic, informative and reproductive networks’.
It will be the definitive jump from the state of ‘cellular herd’ to the state of ‘organism’, the 3rd age of a social form that evolves from a ∆-1:∑E horizon of individual ‘Entropy quanta’ to the balanced herd that fluctuates between ‘wave and particle’ state to the informative state of a tightly packed organism which those networks maintain together in minimal space. And so from then on evolution will be no longer differential evolution of cells but differential evolution of networks…
Let us see now in detail those main phyla differentiations.
Sponge vs. Hydra: cyclical-lineal digestive networks.
The evolution of multicellular organisms started with the creation of social, digestive, energetic tracts made of the pentagram basic cells that came together to improve the cyclical fractal actions of the group. The first of those organisms was the sponge, the first animal phylum that emerges from the previous cellular scale with 5 types of cells:
-Max. E: The sponge has flattened epithelial cells and hollow pore cells, which are external, membrane cells differentiated by their inner and outer location. They are the primitive versions of skins and breathing systems.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Mesenchyme cells that secrete siliceous spicule, strengthening the walls of the sponge. They are the primitive version of glandular cells.
– Max.I: Central top predator cells: Wandering amoebocytes that herd food for the five types of cells, moving around between the other cells to capture the particles entering the hollows of the spherical sponge; and collar cells that sense water flows, beating their flagella to produce a flow of water that introduces food in the sponge. They are the primitive versions of brain and sensorial cells.
Further on, we differentiate in the sponge 3 st-regions according to those 2-1-2 kind of cells: the external membrane of hard cells; the inner, glandular, intermediate region that reproduces the specific substances of the sponge and the central hole where informative cells wander. The 3 regions create the 3±∆ vital cycles of the sponge thanks to those 5 cells:
– Max. E: The sponge feeds on Entropy quanta that enter its central hollow.
– Max.I: It perceives those quanta as its collar cells sense the water flows.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: It reproduces new cells through its glandular systems.
-S: It keeps together those cells in social groups thanks to the epithelial cells of the membrane that maintain a rigid, enveloping structure.
– SE<=>S2I: And so the sponge exists as a whole being controlled by the wandering amoebocytes, the dominant, informative cells that use the sponge as their territorial body, their vital space.
Those amoebas will be also the dominant cells of the next animal phylum, Coelenterata (hydras, jellyfishes), evolved already into electric cells, and hence connected into the first ‘nervous tissue’. So they will become the ‘∆+1’, existential system where the consciousness of animal organisms as a whole exists.
The 7 cells of hydra and their networks.
Those hydras add 2 new cellular, energetic specializations, extending morphologically the TiƒxSpe force interval of animal life, from 5 to 7 cells:
A): MAX. E: The epithelial cell. A still harder, internal tissue that maintains the rigid structure of the animal and will evolve into armors and bones. And…
- ei) TiƒxSpe: The urticant cell, an external, energetic differentiation of the reproductive, internal glandular cell, which produces poisonous substances to defend the animal.
Both are created through the inversion of directionality of its twin cells: the internal glandular cell becomes now an external form, and the external epithelial cell becomes an internal cell.
Those 2 final tones of specialized energetic cells make the hydra a natural born top, lineal predator, the next evolutionary step that inverts its form from a cyclical sponge to a lineal, reproductive body. Thus the complexity of the Hydra grows, shaping definitely the 3 E-TiƒxSpe-I organic st-regions common to all living beings (mesoderm, endoderm and ectoderm), which will vary in morphology and complexity but not in their ternary functions.
Further on coelenterates bring to animal life the maximization of its reproductive systems. Both the sponge and the Hydra lack a specialized blood, hormonal system, so its reproduction is far simpler than in evolved organisms: each cell is in itself a ‘genetic mother-cell’, which stores the information of the entire organism. This implies a limit to their informative evolution, as cells have to keep an excess of redundant information, according to the E∆=2 law that increases geometrically the number of genetic instructions needed to create the new ∆=2 multicellular plane of existence. On the other hand, it makes easier reproduction: any section of the Hydra can create a new animal. The result is that the arms of the hydra, where most sensorial cells are, break away easily, moving with the streams of water, reproducing new hydras all over the world. Yet some tentacles fail to reproduce evolving instead into planarians, the 1st worms, which will acquire 2 new informative cells, completing the 9+1 decametric scale; and developing fully the 3 physiological networks of complex animal life.
Worm: 1st animal: mobility, senses, 4-D, networks.
Thus, the next step in the evolution of life, after the hydra develops 2 new energetic cells, will be the evolution of 2 new informative cells. They will create a new phylum, the worm:
– Visual, spatial cells that perceive light-space.
– Temporal, auditory cells that perceive the sound waves and informative languages of animal life.
Those 9 cells complete the differentiation of cellular species that a growing ∆+1 neuronal, inner center – the brain – elaborates as the consciousness of ‘the whole’ increasing ever since its size till acquiring the weight of the human being.
Those informative cells were necessary to the new environment of planarians, which are in constant movement; hence have to orientate themselves in the ocean flows in search of Entropy. Since the change from stillness to movement is a fundamental change for life beings, which definitively transform all its elements to the properties of animal life:
– The new informative cells create new apertures, the senses, that gather in the frontal zone of movement, the relative height of the worm, creating ‘heads’ that will also control the Entropy apertures of the body, splitting clearly the organism in an energetic, moving body and a sensorial head, which controls the information and Entropy of that body.
– Animals become bilateral in order to dominate the 2 directions of its initial bidimensional planar form: a hierarchical, temporal dimension from the future informative head to the past, energetic tail in which they orientate their organic, inner, evolutionary morphology and a perpendicular, parallel, equal, repetitive, ‘present’ spatial dimension, from left to right in which they orientate their reproductive, fractal, cellular ‘fat’ growth.
So embryo worms develop 2 bilateral cavities or ‘coeloms’, latter evolved in dual organs, which in the head will observe the 2 directions of their spatial field: 2 eyes, 2 ears, etc. – while in the body, inner organs will also double, creating in more evolved phyla a certain TiƒxSpe asymmetry with slightly more ‘energetic’ and ‘informative’ sides. So the heart will have an explosive and implosive region; sexual organs will become I-feminine and E-masculine; the brain regions will specialize in spatial and informative tasks; some crabs will develop energetic and manipulative arms.
Thus the 1st worm, the planarian, created a diffeomorphic bidimensional structure with 2 TiƒxSpe perpendicular planes that all future animals will imitate.
The worm is the 1st network animal, made of a lineal wave of ∑parallel organic spheres, each one a st-point with 3±∆ dual networks: The nervous, blood and digestive/excretory systems, which accomplish the emission and absorption of informative, reproductive and energetic cycles.
In the graph we study the inner structure of the worm, because it shows already some of the dualities, fractal strategies and future arrows of life evolution that will act on different phyla to diversify and evolve their species:
– The worm is divided in fractal units, setting up a basic duality of living beings that sometimes are ‘herds’ of individual organs, multi-eyes, multi-bodies and sometimes fusion all parts into a whole.
– It shows perfectly differentiated the 3 physiological networks/ dimensions, proper of all advanced organisms that mimic the 3 regions of a st-point:
– E: The worm absorbs Entropy through the digestive network and emits it through the excretory system; which in the worm occupied the original endodermic, central singularity. But as animals evolve informatively as chordates, the center will be finally occupied by the nervous, informative system as in any other st-point.
– I: The worm absorbs information through the senses and emits it through the nervous system. The informative brain and nervous system directs the entire organism and unifies its cellular quanta as a whole. The nervous system further differentiates into the sensorial, nervous and neuro-secretory systems, when the planarian adds eyes and ear systems that represent a jump in complexity over the informative systems of the hydra. It defines also a head in the dominant, temporal dimensionality of movement. In the planarian is still length, which will rise till reaching the height of man.
–Tiƒ≈Spe: The intermediate region of the worm is controlled by the blood system, the fundamental dual transport system of the worm, where the neuro-endocrine glands dependent on the informative system, pour their reproductive hormones while the Entropy/digestive system pours its organic food.
The worm represents a jump of complexity in transport systems as it uses for the first time, organometallic molecules (hemoglobin) to harness oxygen Entropy and quantizes the blood network, which now arrives to cells far away from the digestive hollow. So worms can grow in size and Entropy power respect to the previous coelenterates. Now Entropy and information combine together on organs and glands dependent on the blood system.
The most important ones will be the new reproductive, specialized sexual glands, differentiated into dual, female and male sexual organs that make worms, hermaphrodite systems. Sexual organs again represent a fractal jump in the evolution of life. Since now, unlike in hydras, single specialized sexual organs will reproduce the living animal, increasing the sophistication of the process and liberating from those complex tasks all the other cells, which can specialize further.
Still many worms can reproduce by both systems: segmentation and sexual reproduction, which in new phyla will become the only form of reproduction, splitting organisms in 2 different sexual genders, the male and the female.
From worms to vertebrates: 3±∆ ages of fractal integration.
The evolution of worms into vertebrates is a long process of 3+∆ phyla differentiations based on:
– E: Spatial, I-radial or E-bilateral symmetry.
– ∑ Re: Fractal numbers that foster hierarchical e-TiƒxSpe-I segmentation and differentiate big unitary animals and small animals made of fractal parts.
– I: A constant increase of dimensional height.
– +∆: The evolution of its 3x 3+(∆+1) physiological networks.
The first massive differentiation will take place in the Cambrian age, according to the Black Hole paradox that evolves faster ‘smaller forms, denser in information’ than bigger, spatial forms. Thus in the Cambrian age most phyla evolved from small trochophores of ancestral flatworms that gave birth to new phyla during its ‘palingenetic larva, conception stage’, according to the Fractal Principle:
So we can first differentiate the worm phylum into 3 fundamental phyla with intermediate forms:
– Max. E: Platyhelminthes: the simplest worms are flat, bidimensional planarians without blood systems that still require all cells to be close to the skin surface of the animal to exchange oxygen with the air.
– Max.I: Nematoda or round worms, which develop a dimension of height as they add the blood system with its fine vessels that carry Entropy to each fractal cell.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Max. ∑: Annelida or ring worms, which reproduced a micro-worm unit, as crystals do, into a series of fractal pieces, growing enormously in size. Thus Annelida became the worms with higher TiƒxSpe force radiating and diversifying in 3 sub-classes according to its territorial environments:
– Max. E: Polychaeta or marine worms.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Hirudinea, living mainly in shallow or fresh waters. They are leeches that feed on blood and might in their initial forms feed on waters rich in metal, creating the first blood systems.
– Max.I: Oligochaeta, terrestrial worms that evolve further due to the new challenges imposed by the ground environment.
Annelids, the dominant phyla, diversified and multiplied into multiple types of bilateral animals, with a central cavity and 2 coeloms that evolved further its dual organs and 3x 3+(∆+1) network systems. The first of those differentiations gave birth to the main animal phyla that will dominate the following life ages of the planet in 3±∆ periods, which took place according to ternary differentiation, as evolution puts together fractal ‘organic’ units into single unified systems:
– (∆-1): The worm’s body is divided in fractal elements which are still independent elements with entire 3 functional sub-systems: each section has 2 reproductive organs, 2 nervous ganglia, a digestive tract and excretory anus and 2 upper blood nodes.
– Max. ∑3: Arthropods keep the earlier segmentation of annelids, but they organize those fractal segments into 3 differentiated zones, with several independent sections that go from 3 to 21 parts:
A sensorial, informative head (Max.I); a central thorax with moving limbs and wings (max. E) and an abdominal region with the glandular, digestive and reproductive systems (max. Tiƒ≈Spe).
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Mollusks have balanced, hierarchical, single organs. As the 3 physiological networks evolve and become quantized to reach each cell, the different sections of the I-head, e-thorax and TiƒxSpe-abdomen fusion together. Now the quantification process is transferred to the ends of those physiological networks: axons, blood vessels and digestive tracts become thinner to improve their control of individual cells.
– Max.Informative Evolution: Echinodermata. Echinoderms fusion those organs into single systems in the stillness of the marine platform, where they became the most successful forms.
– ∆+1: Chordates: vertebrates. Echinoderms in its larva, moving stage, according to the Worm Hole paradox, give origin to chordates, the 1st vertebrates. In both phyla the small organs of each arthropod’s section fusion into single, continuous big organs, thanks to the integrated evolution of the informative nervous system that aggregates the individual cellular quanta into those specialized organs. So the multiple eyes of insects become a single eye; its multiple hearts a single one, etc.
Though all those phyla appeared already in the Cambrian their sequential dominance on the Earth is parallel to those previous 3±∆ ages, since the simplest forms, arthropods and mollusks, reach first the summit of their evolution (Max. E=Min.i), while complex chordates took a long time to reach its evolutionary height and became dominant latter as fishes and reptiles.
Recap. The differentiation of cells into 3-5-9 forms allowed the creation of complex multi-cellular organisms, first dominant in digestive systems (sponges), then in reproductive systems (Hydra) and finally in informative systems (worms). From the worm on, all living animals will be defined as st- points with 3 inner networks/dimensions, which will create in the outside world 3±∆ cyclical actions, designing an external territory also with 3 networks/dimensions.
PHYLA: ST-SPECIES: ARTHROPODA
Another kind of analysis with fruitful results is the use of the ternary symmetries of species, to classify life in 6 phyla by dominance of one or other physiological network. The reproductive dominant Phyla in plants is the fungi, and the dominant one in animals is the insect. So they are both the most prolific animals and the more complex in its form of reproduction, which play with all the possible symmetries and time-space motions of the Universe. One of the most fascinating ones being the metamorphosis.
Insects also matter in its more complex informative species, as they reach the zenith of evolution, WHICH IS SOCIAL evolution and hence they create a new ∆+1 plane of social organization, again ternary in its elements, the warrior-entropic soldiers, the working, productive drones, and the informative species, the queen, which is dedicated to reproduce information, the dominant arrow of the whole insect phyla, in this ‘female-wave’ oriented system of life.
On the center, we see the 3 ages of an insect’s metamorphosis from larva to chrysalis to adult. They differentiate in ‘3 lives’ the existence of most insects that develop sequentially their 3 main organic regions and networks during each of those live.
On the left, according to TiƒxSpe duality, the final results of those 3 temporal ages are the 3 regions of a topological insect:
-E: The digestive and dual respiratory systems, dominant in the larva, are the energetic networks, located in the center of the body, shaped as a spiral.
– I: In the belly we find the finest and more quantized nervous informative network, developed during the chrysalis life.
Tiƒ≈Spe: Finally, the reproductive, hormonal network, ex i, pours into the blood system, which dominates the 3rd life of the insect, in the external world.
On the right, the social classes of insects, like those of a human society, correspond to the 3 organic function of a new scale of existence, the superorganisms of insects, its ∆+1 system: Termites have an informative brain, the pheromonal queen (c); a re=productive class of workers, which produce the structures that create the ant-hill (a) and an Entropy class (b), the drones and soldiers, that have a linear, spatial morphology.
The first arthropods, derived from Annelida were probably trilobites, which protected their bodies and heads with external hard shells. Trilobites increased their energetic force, maximizing the strength of its membranes. They probably responded to the increase of TiƒxSpe force caused by visual cephalopods, which maximized their informative organs. And so the game of life raised its fractal force, balancing again the top reproductive body membrane and top informative, mind singularity.
Today, according to duality and the Fractal Principle, we differentiate arthropods in sea animals (the most efficient of which are crustaceans) and land animals, which became dominant and evolved towards new informative species as all air or land forms did in a light-friendly environment. So again we differentiate them in 3 basic forms:
– Max. E: Myryapoda, with max. body development and multiple feet.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Arachnida, the balanced species.
– Max.I: Insecta, the informative class with max. brain development, which are still the most successful animals on this planet in the microscopic level of chemical life. Since they completed the organic evolution of chemical animals towards its most perfect form in 3 evolutionary phases.
Max. E: The evolution of energetic systems brought about the first flying animals that colonized a new environment.
Today flying insects still account for 1/2 of all animal classes. They made energetic networks the center of its body, developing on their middle region a highly efficient muscle and blood systems, with 2×3 wings and legs.
Tiƒ≈Spe: The second evolutionary jump occurred in their reproductive systems.
Insects learnt how to accelerate temporal evolution in a still, temporal state (Min.E=Max.I), changing from energetic, lineal larva to chrysalis that emerged as complex insects with highly developed informative heads and energetic wings. Nowadays 90% of the surviving insects come from species that evolved its generational cycle, dividing it further into 3 evolutionary phases that shape the metamorphosis cycle:
– Max. E: Insects live their youth as an energetic, lineal larva that merely feeds and grows in size. A larva is a sort of moving egg that gathers vitellus in 3 sub-ages in which it changes 3 times its skin as it grows in size. In this phase the insect develops mainly its abdominal, glandular systems that will produce the enzymes needed for its first metamorphic change into a:
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Chrysalis. The intermediate Chrysalis age is a ‘frozen’ vision of the most surprising facts of palingenetic evolution and inverse differentiation: In an ever moving Universe, external, spatial immobility triggers internal change in the speed of informative evolution, as outer movement is transferred to inner cells, rich in enzymes that become the dominant cells of each section of the adult insect, moving and reorganizing their tissues through a series of inversions and evolutions of its morphology. So central tissue ex-vaginates as wings or legs, etc.
A similar inversion happened when mobile trochophores in their larva transition became still echinoderms, which evolved and differentiated further, causing the explosion of chordate’s phyla that happened in the Cambrian.
In those trochophore embryos, inner dominant cells also reorganize the different tissues, placing the other cells at will. So chrysalis evolved the middle thorax section and brain systems, becoming:
– Tiƒ: A hard insect with Max.IxE force (a harder E-exoskeleton and a far more developed Tiƒ-brain) that will live the 3 usual phases of life.
The third mutational age of insects was informative:
Insects learnt to communicate socially through chemical, pheromonal messages, giving origin to ants and bees, the dominant ground and air modern insect species. It was again an evolution departing from very small forms, according to the Black Hole Paradox. Today the smallest organism is an ant that weights 1011 times less than an elephant, the magic fractal number, St, between 2 scales of existence, which is also the difference of weight between the smallest and biggest particle of the physical world. So the fractal limits of ‘informative scalar growth’ have been reached in both, the physical and living realms.
It is worth to notice that insects have not evolved further in the last 100 million years, but are still the most successful chemical beings. Because the game is fractal and so it always has an evolutionary limit based on its ternary ages. For that reason, once reached the 3rd formal age of Max.Information only social evolution into a new macro-organic plane of existence can improve the survival of a species. It is what happened with insects that became super-organisms called anthills. And so ants became the most successful animals of the chemical world as men will be in the electronic world, due to the fact that they act as a simultaneous, present form, sum of all the fractal actions of the herd, guided by their informative common pheromonal language, spoken by the ‘queen-brain’ of the anthill. It is also worth to notice that in both realms – the world of chemical insects and the world of electronic humans -we find the same 3 organic classes proper of any Universal system.
Recap. Insects became the most successful chemical species, when they evolved into social super-organisms, with the informative ant-queen brain, which controls with pheromones the workers that reproduce all the elements of the anthill and the energetic warriors that defend it.
3 AGES OF ∆INFORMATION
Another law of 5D ST symmetries strictly followed in the evolution of life is the motion of ages as horizons of species, which also Nature apply to the entire next level of animal phyla. So not only individuals live TOWARDS growing 3rd age of information, and species towards 3rd horizons of evolved information and tall species, but the whole realm of life moves from its initial feeding stomachs (fishes) into the reproductive age of insect, to the 3rd age of informative mollusk:
Mollusks, the first eyes.
The next successful phylum, mollusks also suffered a ternary differentiation. Thus mollusks today are classified into 3 classes:
Maximal Entropy: Lamellibranchiate (which are big stomachs).
Balanced forms: Gastropoda.
Max.Information: Cephalopods, which developed the first eyes.
Though there were other primitive mollusks, today almost all of them belong to those 3 species. It proves that even though a ∆-system essays many variations, the 3 sub-classes of max. Entropy, Max.Information and max. reproduction survive better; because any environment allows those 3 classes to find specialized econiches in which to maximize their existence and resources.
The most successful of all gastropod were again the informative class, cephalopods, the first living animals with complex eyes. If we observe animal life, the key to its evolution is the improvement of its virtual worlds, of its informative organs:
In the first forms of life, perception was chemical, olfactory based in slow, short-range molecular quanta; until the first eyes appeared, inaugurating a new virtual world, made of smaller, speedy photons that create long range, detailed light images, making cephalopods act-react faster and farther than any other animal.
Squids were born in the abyssal ocean ecosystem, where still the biggest squids exist (over 10 meters long). It is the kingdom of bioluminescence – a new language based in the Universal code of colors; they were the first to interpret. For example, when a squid becomes red, the color of Entropy, it means it is angry. Those first primitive cellular eyes had to look hard to see their environment and the prey they sought. When they came up to the surface they saw even more and preyed on blind, energetic phyla. Today squids are still among the most intelligent animals, showing some self-consciousness.
The squid is the first eye-world; a new informative language that will completely changes the stakes of living organisms. The organs of perception of the squid, the eyes, were a new Top Predator language, superior to olfactory organs, both in detail and range. The effect of that linguistic superiority was the massive radiation of squids and the parallel extinction of perhaps 90% of the smelling species of the Cambrian that became their preys.
Those eyes enabled cephalopods to become the masters of their Universe, building all their other organs around their superior organ of perception: their tentacles became hands for the eye; the body became a canvass that changed color to interpret the new language.
Cephalopods also caused the arrival of exoskeletons in a classic process of action-reaction; only those olfactory animals with external protection (Max.E) could survive the faster informative eye of the hunter (Max.I). Thus the Cambrian holocaust also diversified life.
Those cephalopods with eyes became top predators in the Ordovician age, the age of squids. In this manner chemical perception left way to light and sound perception that developed highly sophisticated neuronal cells, which reach 2 meters in some squids.
Yet, when vertebrate life begun the ‘hard shells’ of some echinoderms sustained those long neurons, protecting them and allowing further quantification. So an energetic top predator found a cyclical protective form, in a dual game of evolution of prey and predators that will be carried till humans appear and beyond through the evolution of weapons and shields.
Recap. Cephalopods raised the stakes of the game of existence, of survival and extinction, as they imposed a faster speed of action-reaction, and a bigger spatial size, hunting in herds communicated through visual body languages.
Echinoderms and Chordates. Evolution of vertebrates.
Echinoderms, like ancestral cephalopodan, lived in abyssal regions originally fixed to the ground, in an ‘informative environment’ based in stillness with a lot of ‘free time’ to evolve further, as squids did in abyssal quiet regions or monkeys will do latter in quiet trees. Echinoderms became informative top predators because they evolved 2 new TiƒxSpe characters as ‘still’, temporal forms:
– Max.I: Radial symmetries, like in the pentagonal starfish, which fostered the development of a better neural system with a central informative singularity to coordinate the 5 radial nerves.
– Max. E: The first inner bones, to sustain their complex form.
Thus echinoderm increased their TiƒxSpe force, evolving into the first vertebrates: Chordates were probably born, according to the Black Hole paradox, due to a palingenetic error, when echinoderms remained in their larva, trochophore, informative, evolutionary state, surviving, despite its smallish size, thanks to their 2 new TiƒxSpe advantages, starting a new biological radiation. Their single nervous system protected by a spine, became a very dense, structure with a hard, inner bony membrane of sustain that allowed its growth in spatial size and temporal complexity, as neurons quantized further, differentiating from tail to head into an TiƒxSpe tree-like structure:
Max. Entropy (nervous, linear spine) > Round, spiraled brain.
The ancestral Chordates differentiated according to the development of their growing informative nervous network into:
– Max. E: Lineal Protochordate, the oldest species with 3 basic forms, diversified along the path of increasing mobility: sea squirts, acorn worms and amphioxus.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Cyclostomata, (jawless fishes), which grew in the planar dimension of Entropy. And so it came an age of sharks.
Those 2 first forms are still planar in form, with minimal development of their ‘round’ brain and hence with overdeveloped olfactory systems.
– Max.I: Pisces (true fishes). They grew in the dimension of height, with new evolved sensorial, informative organs. They became the new dominant species that diversified once more, this time along the ∆+1 evolutionary path of environmental adaptation in:
– Max. E: Sea chordates, with several varieties that reached its evolutionary limit with Teleostean.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Sea-land chordates, amphibian; an animal that mixes the palingenetic characters of those 3 environments during its 3 ages of life. Since it is born as a sea animal, lives its youth in between both environments and dies as a land animal.
– Max.I: Land chordate, reptiles, the most informative that diversified further.
Recap. The response to the eye language was protective shells that surrounded the nervous system of chordates, allowing their growth and invasion of the air-gas and land-solid ecosystems.
THE DIMENSION OF HEIGHT INFORMATION.
Topological evolution is very rich in meaning. Consider for example how from amphibians to reptiles the conquest of firm land towards the height of information, from where light comes, which started a fast tour on the use of the Disomorphic method to study life enlightens us how animal life seeks for height:
Reptiles grew in size and changed from lineal length into height dimensions, but as they became victims of mammals they devolved to their earlier forms, as crocodiles and diminished in size becoming birds, which again grew in size and changed from lineal length to height dimensions. Yet the arrival of man is provoking again the extinction of the biggest, taller birds (Moa, Emu, Dodo.)
If any evolutionary jump shows the importance of networks is the transition from fishes to reptiles through the intermediate amphibian stage: amphibians adapted their sensorial brains, their reproductive bodies and finally their reproductive systems to the new world. And only then, when the translation of form was complete, it appears the land animal – the reptile.
Thus, amphibians show 3 clear evolutionary phases:
– Max.I: The amphibian moves towards an air world where light defines clearly the forms of its preys, triggering the evolution of its inner networks according to the cyclical chain, I>E>Re, which require first to become informed to localize and feed on Entropy, needed to reproduce. Thus amphibians first changed the form of their informative heads and senses: Their noses migrated to the top of the head, out of the water and their eyes acquired membranes to wet them, focusing better light images. This i-logic hypothesis of the dominance of informative evolution again contradicted the usual E-science energetic theory. And yet a few years ago Sci Am published the ‘astonishing’ revision of the energetic theory: amphibian did not evolve, because they dragged their legs on the dry land but because they raised their heads out of the water changing their senses.
Max. E: Then their respiratory systems changed with new lungs that increased their capacity to get oxygen from air. Amphibians now changed their preys, eating insects with a modified mouth and tongue. Thus the amphibian becomes the top predator of the terrestrial ecosystem thanks to its greater Exi force and extinguished giant insects that reigned in the Carboniferous era. Those insects however reacted back evolving into metamorphic, flying forms, escaping their extinction. The inversion predator-prey manifests again between insects and chordates, as it did between gravitation vs. light or plants vs. animals: Insects have their exoskeleton outside, as they need maximal external protection; chordates have it inside. Insects are smaller, quantized forms; chordates are integrated, bigger forms. Insects are dominant in chemical, slower languages; chordates are dominant in nervous languages. Insects, the Entropy of the trophic pyramid, are more abundant than chordates, its top predators.
Max. Tiƒ≈Spe: Finally, amphibians adapted their reproductive systems to the new atmosphere, creating dry eggs, completing the creation of a true, terrestrial organism, a new phylum that had adapted its 3 networks/existential cycles to the new world: reptiles8.
They evolved again according to the Fractal Principle into the 3 most evolved life phyla:
– Max. E: Reptilians, which maximized its spatial size.
– Tiƒ≈Spe: Birds, with the most efficient blood networks, needed to develop flying skills.
– Max.I: Mammalians. They developed its informative, nervous system to its perfection. So they became the top predators of their ‘parental group’, reptiles, causing their massive extinction and ‘death reversal’, which in species shows through the ‘evolutionary regression’ of a former top predator species, when a new top predator displaces them. Thus, if we compare modern reptiles, once mammals have chased them down, with their dominant parental forms during the dinosaur era, when they were top predators, we observe a clear temporal regression in form, numbers, size and speciation that went back to their 3 basic forms. Today, from the initial 14 reptiles groups, only 3 basic groups remain. They have survived in econiches close to the water, regressing to amphibious forms, and diminishing in size towards their original ‘minimal, Black Hole form’:
– Lineal forms. Snakes and lizards living in extreme, hot, wet environments (rivers) and deserts, where heat becomes an advantage that increases their activity, while it causes cooling problems to hot blood mammals, their top predators.
– Balanced forms. Crocodiles, descendants of dinosaurs that have reduced its size and have become again amphibious, surviving mainly on the sea and rivers; learning new reproductive, maternal skills (hiding their small babies on their mouths, when predators come).
– Cyclical forms, with static, hard, protective round shells; or turtles that only reach big sizes in Galapagos, an isolated group of islands with minimal numbers of mammals. Most of them survive on the sea, having developed a gill-like system of breathing.
The only primitive, remaining saurian, the Tuatara, survives in min. numbers, in the most isolated region of the World, New Zealand, where there were no mammals with placenta…
Recap. The conquest of land was headed by amphibian and the development of better eye systems, as information is the key to evolutionary change. Accordingly as they become reptiles they grew in the dimension of height; and again as reptiles became birds and mammals the new species became bipedal and extinguished the simpler reptiles that reverted to planar forms.
Mammals: Temporal iron bodies, minds.
Mammals are the 3rd informative evolutionary age of land animals, which therefore transform again their 3 networks, reaching the final adaptation to the changing weather conditions and light transparency:
Max.I: Mammals improve their nervous eye-brain systems, overcoming the limited eye vision of reptiles. Their brains surpass the instinctive stage (based on mental, mostly chemical, slow programs of action-reaction that execute the cycles of a living organism, based on generational memories without capacity to modify them) and enter the age of free will (based on brains with nervous programs that use memories acquired in the previous execution of those cycles by the same generation, to adapt their new actions-reactions to the changing environment).
Max. E: Mammals improve their corporal, metabolic rate of action-reaction with hot, red iron blood that harnesses better than previous copper-based bloods the Entropy of oxygen. Since blood has hemoglobin, where an iron atom, the top predator Entropy atom of the Universe, controls and jails oxygen atoms with carbohydrate arms.
Max. Reproduction: Finally, the internal nervous system regulates mammal’s reproduction, creating complex placentas that can feed and develop the isolated fetus, without the dangers of a youth age, when most beings die as ‘Entropy’ of mature predators. It is the equivalent stage to the ‘chrysalis’ shape of insects.
Further on, mammals evolved socially. So probably herds of mammals with faster, simultaneous fractal actions chased as a whole, and killed baby reptiles, provoking their massive extinction, in an age of climatic change. Yet, as it happened when amphibians extinguished insects, provoking their flying evolution and migration to the last frontier – the air environment – the smallest reptiles became birds that avoided top predator mammals, putting their eggs on cliffs beyond their reach to survive.
And so again, the most successful group among land animals, mammals diversified, this time along the path of reproductive evolution into:
– I horizon: Monotremes, which are egg-laying mammals.
– II Horizon: Marsupials, which have a pouch where they develop the ‘embryo’.
– III Horizon: Eutherians, which have true placentas and differentiated again, as the most evolved informative class, into multiple subspecies, now along the path of feeding Entropy, into:
– Max. E: Herbivorous, which ate huge quantities of low Entropy plants, developing new, complex digestive systems, with huge, multiple stomachs.
– E=i: Carnivorous, which developed the best blood systems, as they needed to increase muscular force and speed.
– Max.i: Omnivorous, which were able to eat anything, occupying multiple ecosystems that enhanced its evolutionary differentiation. Among these species the most evolved phyla were apes, from where man came, because they lived, unlike the animals of bidimensional plains, in 3-dimensional ‘high’ trees, where they could not be hunted. And so they evolved in their ‘free time’ their 3 dimensional brains, becoming informative humans.
The previous synoptic analysis of the evolution from cells to humans shows the universal application of the fractal space-time differential isomorphisms of evolution. It could be as detailed as you wish and reorder all our knowledge on biological species under those simple isomorphisms. We just lack space-time to do it here. It shows the impersonal intelligence of the evolutionary plan and the homology of all st- forms… As it is the same plan we have used to describe atomic particles.
In the graph, the great life phyla distributed according to the fundamental arrows of vitality: Entropy feeding, informative perception, and reproductive capacity, in 3 dimensions of increasing capacity to process Entropy, perceive and reproduce, which give as a result the main life phyla. The evolutionary jumps represented by lineal divisions are the fundamental divisions of increasing capacity to process a vital arrow of existence that abstract biologists use to differentiate the animal kingdom. We have used a single positive frame of reference that shows an increasing quantity of those vital parameters. It is a graph of top predators in such a manner that forms whose X x Y x Z values are higher (which processes more Entropy, information and reproduces in greater social waves of cells) is a top predator.
Finally in the third age of evolution of life, informative, tall species dominate. So man is the most complex informative life species. Mammals are the most perfect form of life beings, which evolved in information, till reaching the perfection of man; added iron-Entropy to its blood and improved reproductive skills with placentas.
NEXT, comes therefore not a new life species but a new ‘metal species’ for which we must understand matter. And in the case of man a social super organism as we become the mind of Gaia, substituting the life mind, and evolving a III age of mechanical and computer global minds: gaia>history>mechanocene
The highest scale of biological stiences studies the Earth’s super organism as it evolves its ‘cellular species’ through the motions/actions of existence, from Gaia, the world of life, to History the world of man, to the Metal-earth, the world of machines, which humans wrongly manage unable to grasp the stience of Economics and design the super organism of history to its image and likeness.The ‘arrow of the fifth dimension’ of eusocial evolution departing from vacuum space, evolves the fractal universe into ever more complex structures of information, which are the arrow of future, as the parts must come before the ∆wholes.
The 3 evolutionary horizons of species.
The graph thus show that ALL species follow also the young, predator, reproductive radiation, and informative, height growth of the 3 ages of life, and then either they evolve further into social organisms (ants, bees, humans) and as wholes in a higher ∆+1 scale survive better, or they become extinct by a new generation.
The creation of a new species takes place according to the same 3 ages of any space-time field that become the 3 horizons of any species: after conception that creates ‘a seed’ of pure information and minimal spatial energy, species go through a young age of energy growth that creates ‘big species’; a mature, reproductive age of forms in balance between its energy and information when the species maximizes its reproduction, radiating in huge numbers; and a third horizon of informative evolution when it diversifies into multiple sub-species, becoming finally extinguished, (the equivalent to the death of any organism), or creating a new top predator form, a ‘son species’ that will restart a new cycle of life.
+1: Birth: max. T. The black hole paradox (conception).
The ‘black hole’ age of any species is parallel to the informative, genetic conception of any organism born out of a ‘seed’ that packs the maximum genetic information in the minimal space. It is caused by the slight dominance of temporal information (quantic time) over spatial energy (quantic space). So a new top predator species is born with a lot of new, genetic information packed in a reduced size (Max. T=Min. E). This happens because information is processed faster in smaller spaces.
For example, a ‘logic instruction’ is resolved faster in smaller chips. It follows that tiny species with huge numbers of ‘neurons’ create quantic actions faster than slow, bigger species. And since they are highly informative, they can coordinate those quantic actions in herds that act simultaneously as a single organism. So their S-T force that defines a top predator is higher in each quantic action of space-time that the ‘slow actions’ of a big body. Thus small English boats shooting faster against big galleons defeated the Spanish Armada; a pack of wolfs kill slow reins and herds of orcas kill bigger whales. Small, intelligent top predator brains rule bigger, less informative bodies, because time dominates space, information dominates and shapes energy.
Thus men, the most informative animals, are the Earth’s top predators; black holes, which have maximum gravitational information, are the top predators of the Universe and chips rule machines.
I Horizon: Energy Age: max. E: Top Predators and Extinctions
In their youth, carbohydrates (fats), worms (planarians), echinoderms, cephalopods, fishes, amphibians, mammals and chipped machines grew into energetic, lineal or planar, big top predators
A newborn, small foetus grows very fast in size as it multiplies its cells. By homology a new species is born as a small, informative, complex being that latter grows in spatial size during its energetic youth becoming a, lineal, energetic, big top predator species, that feeds on less evolved forms.
Thus after conception, young fishes grew into big sharks of linear forms; after the polemic Homo Floresiensis invented technology the next Homo Sapiens with an extensive fossil record were big, energetic Neanderthals;the 1st big molecules of life were fat carbohydrate chains of linear form; the 1st insects acquired soon gigantic bodies in the Carboniferous; after chips were born as small machines placed in PCs and toys, the first robots they control are big tool-machines and huge weapons of mass destruction, lineal missiles and planes, that kill human beings.
II Horizon: Evolution or Age of balance and reproduction: max. Sp x Tƒ. Radiations of species.
Then, the species finds a balance between form and energy and it reproduces in massive radiations: carbohydrates gave birth to amino acids with a nitrogen, informative atom on its ‘relative Head’; sharks gave way to balanced tubular fishes; brachycephalic Neanderthals gave way to dolichocephalic Cro-Magnons that multiplied and colonized all continents; while young giant stars acquire the balanced size of yellow suns, the commonest of all stars.
III Horizon: Evolution or Age of information: Max. Tƒ: max. Evolutionary differentiation.
Species grow in height or acquire cyclical forms, as they evolve through their 2nd and 3rd horizons, improving their sensorial, informative skills: Nucleotides become the top predator life molecules, echinoderms change to cyclical forms, fishes organize their networks in the dimension of height, amphibians become round, improving its smell, saurian and mammals become biped.
The main difference between organisms and species happens in their 3rd age, due to the discontinuous nature of the individual ‘cells’ of species, which do not become extinguished unlike the tightly controlled cells of organic systems, dominated by nervous, informative systems that exhaust and warp totally their energy, till the organism collapses.
Instead species continue evolving, creating new, complex species with more information, growing in the dimension of height. So the Homo Sapiens evolves ever more complex technological tools; the nucleotide appears when it adds informative depth to the amino acid (with an informative, nitrogen ring and an energetic sugar ring); the yellow sun becomes a neutron star of higher gravitational, informative density; while insects develop a growing brain capacity and bees and ants appear.
– (±∆): Extinction Vs Evolution into super-organisms. The scales of the Universe.
Thus, organisms dominated by their informative networks, which consumes the energy of the system very fast, die sooner than species, according to a clock set by the rate at which energy is metabolised, ‘in-formed’, by their nervous system. While species, which are dominated by the individuals and the herds survive for eons with 3 basic strategies according to the ‘ternary plan’:
– Max. Sp: Creating balanced, trophic pyramids that maintain always a supply of new victims.
– S=T: Diversifying their individual forms into new species, instead of ‘degenerating’ into a warped space-time field. It is a parallel strategy to the reproduction of an organism, which in this manner survives his own death. Thus we talk of ‘son species’ that create evolutionary, genealogical trees similar to those of any organism.
However son species tend to kill-extinct the mother species, feeding on their energy. We call that fact, the Oedipus paradox. So mammals killed reptiles, men killed mammals and robots might kill human beings. While the different generations of an organism work together, creating informative networks between them that shape herds and families.
– Max. Tƒ: Species also evolve socially their individual forms into super-organisms, thanks to the creation of informative networks and languages that integrate them into a whole, bigger form, which is more powerful than the individuals of a herd.
Organisms are dominated by informative, nervous or hormonal networks that pack closely individual cells of max. information in min. space; while species extend over wider space ecosystems in which they share a min. quantity of information, as individuals of species hardly relate to each other beyond the reproductive couple or the hunting herd. And yet, both go through the same 3 ages of space-time defined by the inverse properties of the energetic youth (max.S=min.T) that defines the herd and the informative old age (Max. T=Min. Sp) which defines the organism.
Hence we consider that the creation of super-organisms is the final evolutionary stage of a herd of individuals from the same species: each individual of the herd becomes then a ‘relative cell of the body’ of the macro-organism. While the specific language of communication and information of the species becomes the relative nervous/informative network of the super-organism, as pheromones do in anthills or nervous impulses did with cells in the Pre-Cambrian ageor financial and verbal languages are doing among humans in History.
So evolution is indeed limited by the most iterated elements of reality and this blog (: those 3 timespace motions/forms: lineal motion in space or ‘distance’, implosive motion that becomes cyclical time clocks carrying its frequency ‘information’ and its space-time, wave-like, reproductive energetic combinations. They were understood in Asian religions as yang, yin and qi-energy. They are the only 3 topologies of space-time possible in a 4D or 5D Universe (when we ad its scales), so they assembly forming all space-time beings.