**FOREWORD.**

** The -3: scale. Quantum particles and atom-galaxies.**

This post is complementary to the ¥e post that deals with quantum physics mostly on wave states (photons/electrons). Our interest here is on the particle/atomic state. But what is a particle or an atom? The answer in ∆st is simple: a vortex of accelerated time.

Cyclical time defines the vortices of space-time of the 3 scales, or singularity-masses (gravitational scales), thermodynamic vortices (eddies) and charges (quantum vortices), which can be unified as attractive vortices (time view) or space curvatures of the 3 scales:

As we show in the post on force unification, then q and g becomes: curvature **(S**pace view) vortices **(ð**ime view) of two scales **(∆±i** view) on the two upper and lower limits of **@-**mind perception; solving the hierarchy problem and ultimately *completely opening our experimental understanding of quantum worlds, as we can see it in reverse from within as macro-galaxies. Protons then appear as top quark positive frozen stars, aka black holes; electrons as strangelet negative halos, and in between the far less dense photons become stars.*

And so we can establish *2 fundamental Disomorphisms to study the whole as a series of kaleidoscopic mirrors:*

-The atom-galaxy, for quantitative, mathematical physics modelling.

The concept of course has been around for long. EFE (Einstein’s field equations) applied to galaxies (Einstein-Walker formalism) is actually modelled to simplify calculus with galaxies as hydrogen atoms; Schrodinger’s equation was used by Wheeler to find a quantum formalism for the Universe; string duality considers universes and quantum strings the same; astronomers model stars around central black holes as photons, etc. But without *a deep philosophical model of the fractal Universe provided in this blog, all those mathematical isomorphisms have been merely considered ‘techniques’ of calculus. *The reader thus should be aware the mathematical physics – albeit complex to the level of specialists, do exist and what we shall beyond the Unification equation in Newtonian terms, introduce here is the depth of philosophical analysis and the Disomorphic properties of atomic galaxies.

-The second isomorphism is that of the galaxy-cell (treated in cosmology) which shows the organic properties of astrophysical galaxies. This is to my knowledge completely new stuff, but rather obvious: DNA-black holes with gravitational forces, and protein, lineal strangelets, encase the vital space-time of electromagnetic and gravitational flows of energy between both, which structure the waves of the galaxy. And both control the mitochondria stars that become on the long term the energy food to reproduce more black holes and strange stars (pulsars). 20 years ago this seemed madness, but today everything comes together to the surprise of astronomers to validate the organic model of galactic growth:

The galaxy atom is the ‘solid’ last scale above and below perceived from the ∆º humind, at i=±3, the scale of perception of forces as pure motion or pure form in the limits of our ‘being’. But we shall not introduce this parallel analysis, which we reserve for the posts on the inverse astrophysical galaxy-atom, and bring some of its elements in the ¥e post on quantum physics, as we Do have enough knowledge of the atomic scale as to study it in itself, without need to compare it with the similar but NOT equal scale of galactic vortices… Instead we just shall follow the procedure of other posts and study its Disomorphisms with the ECD method (experimental facts and correspondence with classic theories, enlightened further with new insights provided by the space-time properties of all systems of reality).

** THE 10 ∆ST SYMMETRIES OF ATOMIC SPECIES.**

**S@ Disomorphisms**

*0 ^{th} Disomorphism: MON@D:* Œ-Point x ∞ World = Constant mind Mapping

It is the alpha and omega, the 0 and 10^{th} isomorphism: the point of the mind, site of the will, which orders the system internally in its ∑∆-1 parts and perceives it as an ∆-whole, part of its ∆+1 society. The topological center of a sphere, which can according to Poincare’s conjecture represent without deformation its whole world in the infinitesimal fractal, non-Euclidean mind point. It is in fact the complementary isomorphism to the 0 (mind) and 1 (generator of symmetries), as the whole is perceived by the mind and it encompasses the understanding and guidance of the whole territorial structure of the being.

It is then evident that quarks are the mind of atoms.

Quarks, their Œ-points *perceive gravitation,* positioning the atom with its ‘mass’. Crystals in its ∆+1 molecular scale are Œ points with a clear dual Tƒ, informative topology.

*1st disomorphism: Fractal Generator: Its 3 organic/network*s*:* Spe≤≥ ST≤≥Tƒ

The 3 parts of the atom display the 3 canonical topologies: Strong forces and quarks are described with hyperbolic topologies; the electronic body forms a concave, external sphere; and in between spiraling toroid forces transfer energy and information between both poles.

**ST-Disomorphisms.**

*2nd Disomorphism: space-time dualities:* Sp≈Tƒ

The system’s Space and Time components, which are also its Energy and Information, as Space is a fixed vision of the energy quanta that make a system, and information a still vision of time cycles that carry it in the frequency and form of those cycles.

So we identify the main elements and plane of existence of a system and consider its ‘gender varieties (lineal energy=male, cyclical information=female’ and Sp vs. Tƒ symmetries.

Atoms follow the wave-particle duality.

We see atoms as motions NOT as particles.

Atoms follow the particle (life-information arrow) antiparticle (death entropy arrow) duality

5* ^{th} Disomorphism: Its* 5 actions : ∆(æ-4; ï-3; e-2; œ-1; û+1)

Thus now we can easily describe its main 5 actions derived by those Dimensional components across its ∆±4 Fractal planes of existence: ∆æ-4 (acceleration of motion), ∆ï-3 (perception), ∆e-2 (feeding), ∆œ-1 (Repetition), ∆ §^{10}≈û+1 (social union)¹.

*4 forces express the 4+∆ actions of atomic systems:*

∆æ-4: Gravitation moves them.

∆ï-3: Quarks, their Œ-points *perceive gravitation,* positioning the atom with its ‘mass’.

∆e-2: The atomic energetic membrane (electrons) absorb ¥-rays of max. Energy

∆œ-1: Max. E-lectrons x Max. Tƒ-quarks masses create organic atoms. Both reproduce as particles. Atoms communicate ∆-1 bosons described by its main equation: Œ_{∆}:Fermion<|_{∆-1 }Bosons> Œ_{∆} Fermion

∆ §^{10}≈û+1: ∑+∆: The strong force and its derivative, the nuclear force evolve socially quarks into bigger Atoms.

∏ (-∆): Molecules capture Atoms in chemical reactions, forming networks with atomic cells. I.e.:

*Emergence:* Tƒ-π and |-s ∆+1 molecular orbitals absorb individual atomic orbitals.

*3rd ^{ }Disomorphism: networks and social classes (hierarchies in space)R:* Ξ±3

The brain of the atom is the informative quark, which controls it with in-form-ative gravitational forces, its body is the electron nebulae, its energy, the forces of gravitation.

*its Existential Constants:* SxT, S/T, T/S, ∆±1,

The most developed field of atomic physics is the quantitative study of its Constants of space time entropy, energy and information.

We study the system quantitatively, through its Constants of Action, and its Social Constants s, all of them determined by the ratios of exchange of energy and information between its 3 elements. This is the most mathematical detailed analysis after the qualitative understanding of all the elements of the being.

* ^{6th} Disomorphism. Creative diversification:* 1,2,3,4.

100 different atoms exist, according to those constants. The binary element is the n-p duality of ‘dead’ and alive atoms, which act as dead wood in forests, sustaining the ‘active’ 0 x Ø, proton-electron system (beta decay duality). So the bigger the atoms are, the more wood/neutrons they need. The entire field is highly mathematized, and needs merely to add an organic interpretation of its equations.

*Types of particles *

We show now the processes of creation and diversification of a given species. We study its gender dualities and its topological varieties caused by Sp,ST,Tƒ differentiation:

In the graph, the duality of Spe-Fields (bosons); ST-electrons and Tquarks and the 3 ∆±1 families create the fundamental particles of the universe.

Then we find its internal hierarchical social class structure and exchanges of energy and information among its ∆±1 ‘willing’ scales (the cellular/atomic ∆-1 plane, the individual and ∆+1, social/cosmic plane, where the being exists and which remains co-invariant through its inter-actions. So we analyze the closest world around it, through the perpendicularity and parallel laws of Non-Euclidean geometry’s ‘3rd postulate’ of similarity.

**T-isomorphisms **

*7th Isomorphism: Its ages and evolution:*

its 3±∆ ages in time…and its evolutionary ages in the ∆+1 plane of species.

Its time equation writes: Sp<S/T>Tƒ: Sp<c²>M(t)

Thus |-energy becomes Tƒ-mass, E=Mc^{2}, since Energy is lineal acceleration & mass is cyclical acceleration, by a mere topological change of the form of motion that transforms into the other.

Atoms are born seeded by its ∆+1 star super-organism, as unconnected plasma, fusioning and reproducing bigger atoms in a scale of ∆ information (atomic table) & dying with a reversed energetic big-bang arrow (Max. Sp), as they approach its 10^{2∆} Z-number of ‘time units’ (relative to each species, i.e. we die close to 10^{2}^{Ñ} years) in Fission events.

Atoms have 3 families of mass, and we postulate the existence of ‘heavy dark matter, bct atoms’ likely substance of black holes.

^{8th} isomorphism. Cyclical motions. THE world cycle and its sequential 5 MOTIONS OF ATOMS ARE CODED BY QUANTUM NUMBERS, and so there are the ±4 quantum numbers, along inverse directions of its dimensional trajectories.

**∆±i Disomorphisms**

9__ ^{th}__ Isomorphism: Its metric and planes of Existence: ∆±4 Fractals

The ‘metric’, Scalar Space-time Generator equation which describes all its Space-time dimensions and isomorphic planes: ∆±4=SpxTƒ. And it allows to study its ∆-4, motion, ∆-3, information pixels, ∆-2, energy quanta, ∆-1 seminal seeds, §^{10}≈û+1, social scales, ∆+1 super organism, ∆+2 world and that’s about it. We do not really care for its ∆+3 galaxy (-: and beyond. And so now that we have it almost all said, we define the ∆ST structure of the being, with its specific generator equation in which the whole is represented, with all the previous data. This generator equation completes our understanding of the being.

* Metric: *According to the co-invariance, Sp x Tƒ = K, smaller, faster vortices of quark-mass are ‘faster’ ‘time clocks’ than bigger Sp-electronic charges, attracting more, since mass is an accelerated vortex of gravitational space-time (Einstein’s Equivalence Principle between mass & acceleration.)

*10 ^{th} isomorphism. Social scales*. §

^{10}

Atomic social scales are based in 3 languages:

- The inner language of strong forces up to 100-1000 range of particle societies.
- The outer language of electronic valences, up to millions, emerging into ∆+1 molecules.
- The spatial language of geological, magnetic field up to quintillions, in which crystals can reach atomic numbers unlike any other organic system known into the Universe.

Finally we consider the last phase of its evolution which is social – for the most advances species, which transcend into a higher ∆- plane of existence through §^{10}=(3×3+∆)¹° scales.

**THE SCALE OF PHYSICS: OBSERVABLE, QUANTUM SCALES. PARTICLES AND ATOMS.**

**Observational hazzards: uncertainty of max. ∆-|x| scales.**

Physical sciences are concerned strictly as a ‘stience’ of the space-time scalar Universe, with the smaller and larger observable scales, ∆<|2|, which are those in which quantum and gravitational laws dominate the spectra of species, the particle and atomic scales.

Philosophically the most important question arouse by physics, is why from the scalar perspective of human beings, the smallest scale (atomic scales) and the largest one observable (galactic scale) are self-similar? It is this an objective fact, or a subjective fact derived of the loss of information and selective deformation of the ∆o relative ‘human observer’?

Of course in the scalar Universe the same laws apply in all scales of stience. So physical principles, which are ultimately deducible from the 10 ∆symmetries, apply also to many other physical systems. The epistemology of stience requires in fact that since stience is ultimately the perception of a super organism of any scale of the Universe with a biased distance in time and space, or human perspective on it, such as:

Similar sciences ≈ ∆o±st (plane of the given science).

Meaning that systems at a similar distance in size and time of man above and below in the scales of the 5th dimension (such as the atom and the galaxy, the cell and the nation, the insect and the robot) seem to us similar in laws and forms, while being ultimately super organisms.

So humans see atoms and galaxies in similar fashion and we shall unify them with simple equations.

Astrophysics therefore is the stience of the ∆±3 scales, astronomy proper studies the galactic super organism, ∆+3 and physics proper the ∆-3 atomic organism.

Again here we differ given the ‘added rigor’ that the correspondence between planes and stiences requires, from the lousy philosophy of scientific names of the present human classification of knowledge. So the next scale, that of the molecule will obey physical chemistry but will become strictly, the realm of ‘chemistry, the science of the ∆-2 scale.

If we consider the ‘absolute’ decametric scale, used in this 3rd line more for reasons of ‘wordpress’ programming (to make above a nice series of 1,2,3 etc.) and as it is simpler to understand, then we shall call this first perceived scale, fully functional, the 2-atomic scale above the 1. light-electronic scale studied by metaphysics, not only by physics – as it requires analysis on how the mind perceives light, how perception influences physics and even beyond develop epistemological methods of veracity regarding metaphysical theories such as string theory and the evaporation of black holes of which there is no evidence whatsoever.

** 2ND**** SCALE: ATOMS. ORGANIC STRUCTURE, FORCES. PERIODIC, SOCIAL TABLE.**

*Atoms are superorganisms with 3 topologies: Œ- points of informative quark masses, a toroid body of gravitational and ¥ networks of information and energy, filtered by its external membrane – the electrons that store dense photons, cells of their body nebula. Atoms evolve in 3 species, with increasing information-mass: ud, sc & bt-quarks.*

In the graph, the atom as a super organism, made of 3 topological regions, Spe (territorial field) > ST (electronic nebulae) > Tiƒ (quark nuclei), with 3 variety of species, of growing Tiƒ mass (I, II, III family of masses), and structured in 3 relative ∆±1 scales (particle, ∆-1; atomic, ∆; and molecular ∆+1 scales).

In that regard, the quantum laws of physics which study the previous generator equation of physical systems, describes the 3 levels of atomic physics in which the same laws determine the regularities between the scales and topologies and ages of those particle-atomic-molecular ‘worlds’. In the next scale, the thermodynamic scale, the same set of laws based in temperature, will rule physical matter structures. Quantum and thermodynamics are thus similar in its fundamental postulates, albeit the great uncertainty regarding direct observation of atomic systems have made the issue of interpretation of quantum equations somewhat controversial, as the *chosen abstract interpretation, the Copenhagen model, is not the most realist. Instead, we consider that the original De broglie->Bohm, model with its ternary elements, the pilot wave-field and its guiding equation synchronised to the internal informative clocks of the particle which form together a past>present system of entropy-information and the intermediate energy-body wave, is required for a fully description of quantum mechanics as it is.*

All this said, there is no so much mystery about quantum physics, whose laws are the same fractal laws of emergence and normalisation of ensembles of smaller parts that become wholes, organised by flows of energy and information, whose action-networks define the social structures and growing scales and domains of all quantum systems.

What will be then the most accomplished theoretical task of GST in formal terms, regarding quantum mechanics? Merely the conversion of all its equations and lemmas to the deterministic, implicit interpretation of Bohm, and the study of its equivalence with thermodynamic laws.

** ∆ST PHYSICS – THE NEEDED CORRECTIONS**

**The 3 elements of the fractal paradigm: 5D Space-time.**

So in space, the new complex ternary principle is the co-existence of 3 parts that form a whole.

In time, the new complex ternary principle is the co-existence of 3 space-time ages and its complex causality: Past-entropy->Present, reproduction of ExI->Future-Information << Past-entropy (Death)

And finally in 5D the new ternary complex principle is the co-existence of 3 scales of space-time together, with growingspatial size and diminishing speed in its time cycles.

5D physics thus is based in the 3 elements of the fractal paradigm:

- The rediscovery of c
*yclical time clock*s, a concept, so obvious in Nature and the systems of time measure, which in the Eastern world was the basis of its religious philosophies of the Universe (Taoism and Hinduism) and in the West was natural to the Egyptian, Babylonian and Greek tradition, followed by Leibniz and his concept of relational space-time. - But time cycles break space into an inner and outer reality. So the Universe is also made o
*f ‘fractal, vital spaces’*(the entities we see all around us), which lasted a finite time cycle (its cycle of creation, evolution and extinction). - Finally, those cycles are ordered by size in space and its opposite speed or frequency of its closed cycles, into a new 5th dimension with a generic metric: Spe(spatial size) x Tiƒ (time frequency) = ∆ (Constant).

That is smaller systems run faster informative cycles, and larger systems are slower. Yet the product of both parameters remains invariant, allowing travels through the 5th dimension, of organic nature.

But perhaps the most strident ‘simplification’ of classic physics is the fact that of *the 6 organic motions of the Universe, physicists only seem interested in describing the simplest of them all ‘locomotions’. Such state of affairs that reduces and eliminates all organic motions of physical systems is the biggest handicap to complete the science of physics, so we shall end this introduction with a deeper analysis of that limit.*

**The 6 motions of time. An organic Universe with mathematical and biological properties: The why of physics.**

*‘Using a term like nonlinear science is like referring to the bulk of zoology as the study of non-elephant animals*“. Ulam

*In the graph, a bunch of physicists studying ‘ non-lineal elephants’ (: physical super organisms tracing world cycles :), as a sum of isolated properties, all of them imagined with abstract, Hilbert’s axiomatic method of categorical mathematics, far removed from the non-Euclidean, non-Aristotelian structure of the Fractal Universe. In essence, physicists, reduce the 6 motions of the Universe, represented here by 6 blind physicists, into a single one, locomotion, unable to integrate them into a ‘world cycle of existence of physical systems’, which in nothing differs from the 6 organic motions of all other ‘living systems’.*

It is a remarkable fact that mathematics do reflect a lot of the properties of the Universe, but it has so far failed to explain organically its structure, despite the breakthrough of fractal mathematics.

The reason being that mathematics as a language, has not completed its evolution. And so the first step to be able to describe all the properties of physical systems is to evolve its main language, mathematics, and adapt it to the organic, fractal cyclical space-time structure of the Universe and its scalar nature.

It is precisely this incompleteness of mathematics, the language of physical sciences the main reason why physicists do not understand fully the organic Universe.

As they still work with Euclidean mathematics, where points are not fractal points made of parts that become evident when we come closer to the particle, cell or star that seemed to us a point at distance. Only Einstein managed to apply properly the concept of a fractal point, by asserting that infinite parallels cross a point of space-time. We shall then find easily that points are fractal points with inner energy and form, information, joined by line-waves to other points forming networks, co-existing in several scales of size, which is the very same definition of an organism, and that everything in the Universe is indeed, a network-organism… as we show in the graphs of fractal networks all over this blog.

Yet if a mathematical system is organic by the very definition of a number (a group of undistinguishable beings), of a point (a fractal system, larger the closer we come to it) and a plane (a network of fractal points joined by flows of energy and information), why physicists do not model organically its systems?

Why physicists do not understand the fractal Universe? if it is so much up to their alley – after all it vindicates and further evolves the logic-mathematical structure found by Leibniz, Einstein and Planck. It merely takes it further with the advances of fractal geometry and the completion by this writer of the postulates of non-euclidean geometry that defines a 5^{th} dimension of scales of space-time.

I found in the conferences I used to give at Silicon valley, during my tenant of the chair of duality in the international congress of systems sciences that physicists could grasp the fractal concept mathematically and the existence of scales of space, but 2 taboos were absolute: lineal time, the time-clock of its standardized machines and the model of the universe as a machine instead of an organism. So it was the mechanical civilization, and the source of physicists’ power and wealth – the machine, what was the taboo that could not be broken. Physicists does had a religion of the machine, not of the physical Universe. And as long as this was not discussed other things could be explained. Since the founding fathers of physicists had in fact started its sciences measuring time with clocks.

Thus, the answer to the limits of physicists is cultural, not scientific, as most physicists belong to the western, lineal, military culture whose memes are not easily recognized as such, but considered lineal weapons and lineal time, dogmas of their worldview; as opposed to cyclical time. It was of course an outdated dogma, deist in origin, as a machine needs a maker and Newton and Kepler affirmed yhwh to be the maker of the Universal machine and they, the ones that were revealed this truth. Most physicists do not realize of this obvious fact: only an organism is scientific, self-reproductive without need of a god-maker.

Further on mechanism and abstract, simplex mathematics as its language puts the physicist above all living and humans, as the priest of the new image of the Universe and only master of its language. So mechanism and abstract maths is a self-serving proposition, for the human and physicist ego, since only human anthropomorphic beings had ‘living properties’.

But of those memes by large the most powerful barrier for physicists to upgrader their model of the Universe is mechanism, the power they obtained historically from the use of machines and the evolution of lineal weapons. It means most physicists will never abandon their theories of lineal time, their theories of a Universe molded as a machine, and show no interest for general systems science. Does it mean we have not to show interest for the physical world? Of course not.

B*ecause the physical world does not belong to physicists*. In that sense it took me a while as a system scientist to realize that the human expert or scholar an its upgrading to the organic fractal paradigm was not my job. My communication was directly with the Universe. And only then, once I left behind my problems with physicists, in their worldly religion, to make weapons of lineal energy that destroy life and their related idol-ogies – lineal time, continuous, abstract, Cartesian space, denial of organic or perceptive properties to anything but anthropomorphic life, etc. I did truly enjoy for myself the view of the organic Universe of matter.

It is important to understand this difference, specially if you are not a physicist – as you should leave behind your shyness, to feel the life of the material Universe and accept that matter is organic also and nothing differentiates in terms of quality, a human vital fractal organism of space-time from a particle-head/wave-body of physical matter. This said, it is unlikely that physicists will find of interest most of the sections of this blog, except those on the 4^{th} line, when constructed by the year 2017, for the very obvious reason that ‘the (organic) why is the only question physicists don’t ask’ (Feynman), and so they consider only descriptions concerned with mathematical measure and its how (motions and forms of particles and physical systems), as proper of their science.

A simple example will suffice. In GST the duality wave-particle, equivalent to the duality body-head of biological systems is self-explanatory. As all systems have a reproductive body, guided by an informative head, which moves thanks to lineal energetic limbs, all physical systems have a particle-form, often found, as in light waves on top of the wave-body, or higher point to focus information over the lineal field that provides its energy of motion.

Yet, this explanation is organic, regardless of its quantitative measure regarding the value of the energy, the speed of reproduction of information of the wave and the position of the particle. Physicists however to my surprise during my period of conferences were *not interested, *on this why to the 100 years conundrum of the Principle of Complementarity of physics. For them, it was simply outside the realm of their research as *organic, biological properties of Nature, are not mathematical, as they use to explain such bio-logical, logical, in-form-ative characteristics the logic-verbal language of man. *

Still, to make more amenable to physicists those posts on physical systems we will use extensively topological varieties to define such organic ternary structures. Since in a Universe of a single space-time sheet of 4 dimensions there are only 3 possible topologies, the lineal field/hyperbolic wave/spherical particle system we just explained can be considered a full topological system that combines the 3 topological varieties of the Universe into an organic form:

*Spe (Lineal -field/limbs) < St-hyperbolic wave-body > tiƒ (informative, cyclical particle/head).*

*In the graph, the 3 components of a physical, quantum system, the particle, the wave and the lineal field over which it moves. Lacking a real understanding of the 5D structure of the Universe, physicists can only describe the mathematical how of the process with the quantum wave equation of the graph and its visual depiction as we observe simultaneously the particle-head guiding, ‘piloting’, (right picture) the reproductive wave-body that moves, extracting energy-motion from the lineal field, which is expelled on the back of the wave. All this is described mathematically but we do interpret it also organically. As physical systems do have as all other systems both, topological and organic properties, following in its form the 3 canonical topologies of the mathematical language, and co-existing in 3 relative scales of reality as ∆-1 fields, ∆-waves and ∆+1particles.*

So this intermediate jargon, topology, which describes forms with motions is the most often used in the texts of physical systems – here in this introductory post at a very basic level. In the 4th line with a professional jargon and a wealth of algebraic notations.

However it is impossible to understand the physical Universe without whys. Perhaps the most clear example is the galaxy, which must be modeled as a cellular, organic system of creation of black holes, surrounded by a ‘protein-like’ halo of heavy dark matter (likely to be strangelets), and has between this protein membrane and its center DNA-black hole star mitochondria that reproduce their atom and feed the reproduction of black holes. *The meaning of the galaxy thus is organic and without accepting organic properties to matter it will never make sense.*

*We can however provide* to physicists a mathematical bone in the same theme: an unification equation based in the simple 5d metric equation of a time vortex that unifies atoms and galaxies as mathematical point-particles of the largest and smallest scale perceived by man. It is then a galaxy a large atom of a new scalar Universe, or it is an organic galaxy?

Here is where another huge conflicting philosophical difference between fractals and continuous space-time as the one used in physics reveals itself: in physics of exact measure, things can only be one thing. In the fractal Universe it all depends on the perception of the perceiver and the scale from where it perceives.

So ‘entities’ are several things at the same time depending on perspective and language and properties we analyze. From the point of view of mathematical 5d metric, atoms and galaxies are two time vortices of information of 2 different scales. From an organic point of view a galaxy is similar to a cell, but I bet you that if we had enough information about the nuclei of atoms and the interactions of its gluons and quarks, which we pretend to know by reducing its properties to a few mathematical statements, atoms will show also somehow an organic cell-like nature.

Yet at the same time, fractals are never equal in scales, so the galaxy is Not really an atom, nor a cell but we say it does have mathematical, fractal properties that accommodate its parameters to the fractal generator of space-time systems, and it has reproductive, organic, co-existing scales, organized by networks of gravitational information and electromagnetic energy that resemble those of a cell.

*In the graph the ‘gala cell’, an organism of stars, joined by a network of ‘nervous, gravitational information’, composed of the 3 relative families of mass, of increasing density, which act as the ‘DNA-informative centre’ (top quark stars, aka black holes, as top quarks are the only ∆-1 ‘points’ with the same density that black holes ), the protein, hard membrane (strangelet halo of dark matter – Witten hypothesis), and a visible electromagnetic network of ‘stars’, the energetic mitochondria that becomes the food that reproduces both strangelets and black holes. It is a simple organic scheme that explains the whys of physical particles, and the ternary structure of galaxies, similar to that of an organic system of the Universe. Yet such models are not even explored by astrophysicists, as they are based in organic concepts, which physicists by ‘dogma’ cannot accept.*

A galaxy is thus the fundamental particle-point of the largest scale of the Universe we perceive, which has the same organic, vital, mathematical and also perceptive properties – as black holes do have erratic animal like movement in their motions through their feeding star processes and social gathering into swarms in the center of galaxies, and in fact, its equations reflect those of the plane of starts it controls but with a higher dimension (Maldacena conjecture).

So alas, if RNA must perceive chemically the cell, black holes will likely perceive gravitationally the galaxy. But those are all questions physicists will never consider, as they are ‘meanings’ that cannot be expressed like evolutionary theory, or the logic structure of fractals, in mathematical only terms. So we do confront a religion of mathematical Pythagorean physics started by Kepler and Galileo who affirmed the language of god, and hence of physics is only mathematics. We shall find that human physics, as the most primitive of modern sciences are full of such biased limits, which are not even recognized.

So all in all these posts will have less interest for physicists than for polymaths interested in understanding the whole. Yet as we lay down the main whys we shall latter on enter into the hows and mathematical formalism, translating too, key concepts and equations of thermodynamics, quantum physics and relativity. And clarify all the spooky facts of physics, from the complementarity particle-wave (trivial, just the informative and reproductive parts of a physical system) to the renormalization procedures of mathematical physics. It is not though of much interest to the blog to innovate further into what really physicists think is all about – mathematical equations in which to fit physical properties not yet tabulated. There is little here to add though to the extensive work of physicists, nor we do have any intention to enter into detailed analysis of new physical phenomena or ask for new experiments, let alone design better, more organic machines.

Our purpose is merely to show that with the 10 isomorphic sets of laws of GST we can fit most laws of physics and provide the whys to all the fundamental physical structures such as the particle-head system to which we shall add the entropic, lineal fields that feed them with energy (or in thermodynamics the equivalent gas-entropy/liquid-reproductive/crystal-perceptive ternary elements).

So we shall not concede to physicists any of their dogmas against the organic paradigm. We affirm and shall show that all the organic properties of all other species of the Universe translate to physics; that when a particle, quark or electron absorb energy reproduces into new quarkitos and *this process is in nothing different from a reproductive process of a biological or memetic, technological system.*

Physicists in that sense are the most limited of all scientists due to the primitivism of the founding fathers, the first modern scientists, still filled with anthropomorphic deist theories of reality. Thus, by extension what passes today as physics is the most limited of all the disciplines of science in its philosophy – obviously not in its details, because of its acceptance of the 3 reductionist a priori statements of classic, ‘biblical’ XVII century science: mechanism (the machine not the organism as the model of the Universe), Pythagorism (mathematics as its only language and hence only mathematical properties matter to mater) and anthropomorphism (living properties are reduced to humans and life).

The result is the general ignorance of the Nature of non-lineal elephants – physical systems with vital and informative properties.

Those properties, which are the fundamental isomorphisms of physical systems are similar to those of any ternary fractal system of the Universe, built with a gauging point of view (particle, atom or charge or mass), described by the isomorphism of the zero-point of all systems, which commands a vital body-wave and an entropic field, which together create a physical system (2^{nd}, 3^{rd} isomorphisms) that goes also through 3 ages=states of matter, (entropic gas, balanced liquid and informative crystal) born of the integral sum of multiple minute space-time actions happening as interaction between the particle-points of its fractal structure through 3 scales (∆-1 atomic, ∆-thermodynamic and ∆+1 gravitational scales) (4^{th}, 5^{th}, 6^{th} isomorphisms).

Thus physical systems are as all other systems guided by a central point of view, which is a temporal, informative system of clock-like ∆-1 particles, molecular, ∆-charges or ∆+1 masses, (accelerated clock-like vortices of logic time of each scale). And do have both, gauging, informative and organic, scalar properties, regardless of the refusal of physicists to incorporate them, because of its bio-logical, non-mathematical description.

Thus we write also for physics a ‘Fractal generator’ of its physical space-time beings, with 3 ternary scalar, temporal and spatial symmetries (1^{st} isomorphism):

∆-1 Spe (lineal Field-Gas) < ∆-ST (iterative hyperbolic wave-liquid) > Tiƒ (spherical, informative, particle/crystal)

Only then after studying the structural space-time dualities and ternary symmetries, defined by that fractal equation (1,2,3 isomorphisms); and its vital, organic, scalar isomorphisms, which describe the integral and derivative space-time actions of physical systems across the scales of the 5^{th} dimension, guided by the zero-point, which stores the will and informative gauging of the system (0, 4, 5, 6^{th} isomorphisms), we can then consider the 3 quantitative isomorphisms, which are explained with a purely mathematical jargon and will connect directly with classic physical themes and equations:

– The isomorphism that defines the Universal constants and ratio between the energetic, wave and informative ternary parts of the system (7^{th} isomorphism), and departing from it, the 8^{th} isomorphism, which studies all the variations of physical systems, and the 9^{th} isomorphism that studies its social logarithmic scales of growth, as the mathematical societies of particle-points of each scale (∆-1, quantum particles, ∆-molecular matter systems and ∆+1 cosmic systems) grow in social scales, changing step by step their properties, to emerge into the new scale of the physical Universe.

So the description of physical systems is the same than that of any other system. Only the immense detail and obsession for exact measure that makes some equations extremely refined in its parameters, which often include by means of renormalization theory every other ‘scalar factor’ as an input of a lesser potency, would make so extensive in the future, the conversion of physical sciences to general systems. It is not however our tasks, which will consist in merely introducing those 10 isomorphisms, as we have done with all other sciences, in the description of its fundamental species. The only concession to the method of physics is a higher rigor as we will soon enter into isomorphic laws with a less descriptive introduction to physical systems.

The 10 isomorphisms thus will be the essence of all physical systems, and its events and ternary forms, as ‘super organisms’, co-existing in those 3 scales and performing world cycles as they mutate back and forth through its 3 states of time, assembles in space into ternary self-centered, vital spaces, surrounded by a limiting membrane (electron in atoms and molecules, event horizons in black holes, exospheres in celestial bodies, and so on), and reproduce/iterate its motions on lower scales of physical entropy.

We shall then be able to describe with the same 10 isomorphic sets of laws all the properties of physical, fractal systems.

And yet none of this is today envisioned or even imagined by our ‘blind physicists’ observing their Universe only with detailed but limited analysis of its parts with single spatial mathematical properties ignoring the invisible time logic of scalar organisms. The picture thus we obtain today of physical systems is very detailed visually but very poor logically. Can we take then a ‘logic’ picture of the whole physical organism? We can, easily using the Fractal Generator and its ternary symmetries in time and space.

In that regard, the backwardness of physics has its positive side as we can advance a lot of answers to pending questions of classic physics: For example, in the mentioned case of the duality between informative particles and reproductive waves, we can wonder the classic question of why we see sometimes a wave and sometimes a particle? Answer: because physical systems do have an informative particle/head that apperceives information in stillness and a body-wave, which reproduces its information as it travels and trans-forms the motion from an entropic field of energy in an iterating pattern equal to its ‘self’.

Of course, none of those answers will be accepted by blind physicists looking to the organic Universe with a lineal stick of time and a single plane of space. But as we said that is not our concern.

THIS IS THE POINT we want to reach after studying all the partial elements of physical systems, translate all the required concepts of physics. And then only then we will be ready to take on each scale and species and show that all of them can be described with those isomorphisms whereas its mathematical languages, will be showing us 5D Space-time beings performing 5 actions of existence.

So for example an electron will be perfectly defined as a 5D space-time being, with a ternary field-wave-particle structure, performing through its 4 mathematical quantum numbers, space-time actions of moving (principal number), feeding, gauging (secondary number0, reproducing (spin number) and evolving socially (magnetic number).

As it is the fundamental tenant of 5d physics that all mathematical equations of physics can be translated to show a description of a ternary physical system, one of its parts and one of its 5 space-time actions.

Now PHYSICS IS THE MOST FAR REMOVED description of the organic Universe because of its uncertainty principles (96% of the larger Universe is not perceived, and smaller systems become uncertain in measure), its abstract primitive analysis of lineal time and continuous space as a background NOT the reality of which beings are made, and the extraordinary detail of analysis of very small parts of the being. This is the essential reason, we do NOT understand physical systems in organic sense, as the graph that opens the foreword shows:

Physicists’ extraordinary detailed analysis of species lacks an organic jargon, a wider view of the whole system, and a desire to ‘see’ properties that are vital in the poor elephant of the graph. This denial is dogmatic.

For example, the most obvious fact – that quarks and electrons, the fundamental particles reproduce – IS STUBBORNLY DENIED, rising when I used to give conferences on the theme as the chair of the science of duality in the world congresses of systems sciences, and mention the theme, smiles among physicists attendants, and often the angry leave of some of them.

This is not the concern of this blog, but of the historical perspective on the profession of physicists, and its worldly deformations of reality in terms of lineal entropy, ego-human trips and power. I do NOT have the intention to yield truth to anthropomorphism or power trips. If a quark absorbs energy and reproduces new quarks, this is NOT a decoupling but a reproduction. And it is an organic action. If a magnetic field organizes as a mathematical language the spins of electrons to fit in harmonic wholes, this is NOT an abstract vector, but a social evolution through a geometric language, akin to the more complex but of the same quality, organization of muscle cells by axon impulses. And so on and so on.

Paraphrasing Feynman, ‘the why is the only question T.Œ asks’. ‘The thoughts of God, not its details’.

A further expansion of the concept of a worldcycle of time, is its analytic study with the 6 classic philosophical forms of motion, first expressed in Aristotle’s Organon. As in philosophy of science, prior to its mathematical definition time is synonymous of change and hence of motion in space, or change of form in time, giving origin to the 2 main sciences, physics, which studies time motions in space and biology which studies changes in form, in the information of beings through time. 5D physics fusions both concepts studying not only ‘locomotions’ in space but also ‘evolutions of form’ in time, which all put together give birth to the worldcycle of existence and extinction of all space-time beings.

So due to this expansion of the paradigm of space and time, in 5D physics we do NOT study only the external locomotions defined with a single time duration: v=s/t, s=ct of Galilean and Einstein’s relativity. We study and apply to all physical systems the 6 motions=changes of philosophy of science.

The so called 6+1 motions of time, defined in philosophy of science, since Aristotle are:

‘Generation’, ‘growth’, ‘evolution’, ‘diminution’, locomotion and extinction.

*In classic physics only locomotion could be explained. Now all the motions can be explained as travels in the 5th dimension; so worldlines become world cycles, of which the most important is the sequential series of those 6 motions in a life-death cycle, which also applies to physical systems across all the scales of size, from the cycles of matter, from plasma->gas->liquid->solid->Nuclear fusion, to the big-bang cycle.*

In mathematical terms, once we have clarified the origin of those motions, we use the fractal generator, in a simple ternary development to express those 6 motions of time, with an equation of ‘existential algebra’, whose detailed study and connection with physical and biological equations is essential to GST (General systems theory, the philosophical model or Space-time Generator, the logico-mathematical formalism):

œ_{∆-1 }(generated seed of information in a lower scale) ∑œ∆-1>(Reproduction and organization into a fetus which emerges as a new born) Œ∆ <∑Spe (young, entropic age of growth and maximal locomotion) > S≈T ∆+1(adult, reproductive balanced age, when the system iterates and becomes part of a larger social whole) >Max. Tiƒ (3^{rd}, informative, solid age) << ∑œ∆-1 (Entropic, big bang death, which closes the cycle.

Such is the general worldcycle of all systems of the Universe, as all of them are made of space-time, and follow the process of organic creation and dissolution back into spatial entropy.

It is the most important why of GST, which also applies to physical systems in time.

On the other hand, in space the ternary topological symmetry completes our description of the system, and in physics shows a larger regularity as most physical systems tend to have more perfect, lineal entropic, wave-hyperbolic and spherical, informative shapes. So we can often talk of a perfect topological ternary system:

*Lineal, |-entropic field > Ø-Hyperbolic body-wave > 0-informative particle (time vortex)*

Thus 5D Physics studies physical systems with a fractal, organic analysis of its ‘whole’ ternary systems, defining physical entities as fractals of space-time similar to all other ∆ST super organisms, extending through 3 relative scales of the 5th dimension – the quantum, ∆-1, thermodynamic, ∆ and gravitational ∆+1 scales, tracing world cycles through the 6 canonical motions of all systems, generation, locomotion, growth=reproduction, evolution, diminution and extinction.

Lee Smolin – that rara avis who truly cares about philosophy of science, among physicists and does have an organic, evolutionary theory of black holes, albeit off target as all cosmological physics is – published a curious book called the ‘problem with physics’.

Now I do NOT have a problem with physics, understood as the study of physical systems, of inorganic matter, small atoms and large galaxies. i DO love physics, in its full conceptual analysis of those elements with the isomorphic methods. I DO have huge mental orgasms, the largest ones, only compared to those i have gotten on the study of human artistic forms and its creation with my knowledge of the symmetries of 5D fractal space-time cycles (as I can’t create new particles but I can paint or write symphonies and think as Master Ludi in an Utopian Castalia world).

In that regard the symmetries of the physical world are indeed as Pythagoras and Plato thought of them similar to the processes of linguistic, human mental creation bridged through the mathematical symmetries that mirror the Universe, without the painful realization of the human failure to create the perfect social world.

And so I consider, economists and physicists as the two scholar groups more corrupted by power – economist by money and physicists by their worldly profession – making weapons and thinking on lineal entropy theories of the Universe. We however dealt with that issue on the central posts, on my activist web against the Nuclear industry and on the post on cosmology. So here we will be strictly concerned with pure science, with the whys of physics that physicists do not ask – in parallel with their abstract, mechanist, ‘dead’ vision of the Universe.

Why? Plainly speaking because as Feynman put it, despite being one of the few physicists that did actually wondered, ‘the why is the only thing physicists don’t ask’.

So contrary to belief, physics is the less ‘explained’ of all sciences in its ‘whole and reasons’ , since the whys to resolve are almost all. And yet, the hows are so well described that few realise how little whys have an answer in physics. For example, why there are not magnetic monopoles? Why particle are waves? Why electrons collapse when we observe them? What is time beyond Einstein’s dictum – what a clock measures, or Galileo’s formula of motion – v=s/t? And so on and so on. We will then consider Physical whys as all the other whys we study – through the 5D symmetries of space-time that physical systems also follow. And affirm that the reason ‘why’ physicists do not understand them is their ‘anthropomorphic ideology’. The problem plainly speaking is human incapacity to give pantheist qualities to the Universe. Once this is accepted, quantum paradoxes, the meaning of Universal constants, particles and forms fit all within the structure of the Universe and its organic, 5D, causal, temporal, mental, linguistic properties of other beings. Ultimately physicists find harder to accept those qualities because of the ‘O-bjectivity’ error: as physical systems are far removed in form and distance from human beings, it is harder to consider that an atom is self-similar to a galaxy, or that an electron apperceives light when it jumps over it or reproduces when it decouples.

Or that the magnetic field we just mention does have the same role that any other membrane on the particles and physical systems it shields.

**The generator equation of electric fields.**

If we consider the electric current described by the Maxwell equations, the U∆+1 upper, social scale of the electron, then we can consider its first law, the definition of Tƒ, electric charges, the point-particles at the centre of the system; the second law the definition of the magnetic field as the Se, membrane that surrounds the 0-point charge, and the 3rd and 4th equations as the reproductive interaction of both, which induce new magnetic, electric and electromagnetic waves. So we can easily define the Spatial generator with those 3 laws that ad on to create the charge point-particle, magnetic membrane and electromagnetic waves between them:

**Γ**. Se (Magnetic field) < ST-electromagnetic wave > Tƒ-charge

It follows that as the membrane of the ‘organic system’ of electric charges, the magnetic field does NOT have a point-source because its function is to be a membrane, the point is the charge, ‘point’. So happens in the smaller atomic n-1 scale and the larger ∆+1 material scale of planets: the magnetic field protects them, it is the membrane, ‘point’.

Now the answer, as in so many whys on physics is a trivial response if we USE the linguistic method and add to the analysis of mathematical physics, the organic properties of 5D energy-information asymmetries and co-existing planes and fully understand the world cycles and spatial, organic structure of all those physical systems, and what is more anathema to anthropomorphic humans – the existence of a Point of view, or Tiƒ-center in all complete physical systems (charge, mass, center of gravity, crystal cell) from where the space-time cyclical actions of survival of the physical system (∆±e,i, U) depart.

Thus in 5D physics we consider an inverse methodology to explain the facts of physics, as in all other systems, departing from 5D-organic analysis, through the generator equation and its space-organs and time ages, to finish with the analysis of actions departing from the Tiƒ point of view, to add then the study of the Se/Tƒ, Tƒ/Se, Se=Tƒ internal constants and external constants between the œ and the bigger word in which it absorbs and emits energy and information, to end up studying with those constants and space-time symmetries the different subspecies (social classes, dual and ternary diversification and social scales of the system).

Nothing in that sense differentiates physics from any other isomorphic science. So to the point, why there are no monopoles? As many other bizarre particles, axons, wimps, evaporating holes, Susys etc. mathematical physics provides with its inflationary information (studied in our analysis of the 3rd age of a metalanguage) no criterion to distinguish them. This in the age of ‘dark energy and dark matter’ makes ALL possible, as we do not have criterion of selection when ONLY mathematical physics is accepted and no-evidence exists for it, means we shall FOREVER have fantaphysics.

Yet if we accept T.Œ there ARE rules of choice – Darwinian organic rules of balance and survival that make certain particles impossible beyond its virtual mutational moment, Hamiltonian≈ages of min. and max. standing points (which do apply to physics and at least physicists do recognize), inverse rules of chirality, parity related to the duality and ternary ages of space and time (which explain antiparticles) etc.

Now, this is the stuff of 5D Physics to give you through the symmetries of space, anti symmetries of time and asymmetries of 5D scales the whys of ALL THE EQUATIONS OF PHYSICS. And because there is hardly any why, unlike other fields better explained (the why of biology being mostly Darwinian evolution and the informative coding between scales genetic, and so T. Œ brings what is NOT explained, the eusocial evolution that creates organisms and the topological plan that allows punctuated evolution and the different speeds, and the structure of species as slower super organisms, ok, a lot too, but not so much).

There is then the beauty of pure mathematics, pure symmetry, the unfolding of all the beauty of the ¬Æ mathematical formalism of T.Œ which only surfaces so clearly in physics.

So the intellectual bias and deformation introduced by physicists and their military worldly pursuits and its anthropomorphic point of view with 3 clear wrong theories:

- Entropy=chaos as the only arrow of future universal death couple with its big-bang theoretical dogma of the Universe as an explosive birth (big-bangs are by definition as entropy is, the arrow of death of a system, which occupies a minimal quanta of time, hence in time terms the less durable, less important arrow).
- The belief that the Universe is mechanical, as their machines, hence only having mathematical properties, and no freedom or organic, sentient and causal, logic nature, which reduces enormously the structures and actions they study, eliminating thoroughly the synthesis and larger worldview provided by an organic vision of systems through its 3 x 3 5D ST symmetries.
- Finally, the astounding amount of money and neurons dedicated to research on the lower scale of particles, to foster the Nuclear and electronic, industries. And the consequent ‘belief’ that the ‘lower scales of reality’ matter more than the human scales; as the eschatological origin of it all – a concept reinforced with the spooky interpretations of its mathematical equations, as a ‘proof’ that this lower quantum scale is ‘different’ and essential to the meaning of it all. This is not the case. Einstein was right: quantum physics do not differ from other scales. The human observer is limited by the distances on 5D scales, and so the difference is in the observer not the observable. Its symmetries are the same than any other 5D space-time being, when we apply the metric of the 5th dimension to those scales. And being size absolutely relative, its diminutive form matters not to apply organic, mental and logic, temporal symmetries to particles, which as we have shown in the previous post might be in fact galactic atoms of an infinite 5D scale.

And yet the privileged status of physics in sciences is rather obvious, because of the mechanisms and weapons they provide – a theme however to be dealt in sociology when considering the meaning of machines, its twin top predator weapons and the wrong path mankind has taken in his no-way out future, by rejecting his own nature – the tree of life, and worshipping the tree of metal.

Finally to notice that as this is the 2nd line of T.Œ for all scientists to understand, we shall not use the more complex mathematics of quantum operators and general relativity but rather explain it conceptually since it is obvious that professionals do not need further mathematical analysis but the understanding of their models, and non-specialists nee to understand those physical systems in its ‘why’ not its mathematical details.

Further on, the lack of understanding by physics of their whys owes a lot precisely to their mathematical-only analysis, which only professionals understand, a short of ‘experts’ Latin that as the popes in the Middle Ages that claimed to have the monopoly on the contact with God has limited enormous the understanding of the ‘logic of God-the mind of the Universe’, which is as Saint Augustine put it, of a higher degree than the one humans and physicists use (Aristotelian logic).

So indeed the key to understand the whys of physics is to upgrade its concepts of time and space and study with 5D symmetries its particles, fields and events.

All this makes difficult to explain 5D physics to physicists; and use the isomorphic method and the space-time 5D symmetries which are the ultimate whys of the Universe.

And it requires even before we attempt to define magnitudes like mass, time and distance, or simple equations such as those of mechanics, and then those of light, thermodynamics and electromagnetism and relativity (we won’t do much on quantum, as there is no way to simplify enough, but merely do the conceptual analysis), to do a bit of ‘conceptual talk’.

**Unification of energy-motions from above, of information from below.**

For example, and this is an absolute key element on physics, the 5D asymmetric arrows of information that grows downwards implies that THE SMALLEST SCALES carry more ‘genetic-quantum information’ and so WE CANNOT UNIFY reality on the simple ‘dogma’ OF PHYSICS that there would be a single particle of God or something similar. And this explains also why quantum is SO COMPLICATED as it has to DESCRIBE an enormous number of ‘ensembles’, hence use ‘functionals’ (functions of functions) and ‘probabilities’ and ‘multiple stories-paths’.

Unification does come the other way around from the larger, simpler wholes, but not with the single time-line entropy arrow of the big-bang. In fact the only truly unifying principle of Physics, which is Energy (akin to the whole time motions of the Universe, conserved in the immortal 5D structure), that integrates the relative spatial steps of momentum, into a whole envelope, and moves along all 5D dimensions, come from above. It is NOT a quantum principle, but in the wider 5D model:

*“All what existed are knots that communicate and transform its spatial energy and temporal information ad eternal: ∑ Se<=>Tƒ, across adjacent planes of the 5th dimension, according to its co-invariant asymmetry, Max. Se = Min. Tƒ, which makes information but not energy flow upwards with no entropy, from faster, smaller Time clocks, and motion but not information, downwards, with no entropy from larger wholes, with no entropy “*

This ‘normalized’ principle of conservation of energy ads some relevant points to give a general picture of the principles involved in 5D physics:

- It ads information to energy conservation and differentiates both, O and | dualities, and both Motion (Time & energy) vs. Form (space and information) in its definitions.
- So we talk of angular momentum and its sum, potential energy vs. lineal momentum and kinetic energy as the 4 conserved parts.
- We talk of Tƒ=Time and Tiƒ=Information and the motion still perception of it, and of Se-still space and Sp, kinetic energy as the dual still-motion perception of Lineal formal motions.
- And we add the fundamental asymmetry of 5D, which explains the meaning of the 2 type of entropies (loss of ordered information moving downwards and loss of ordered energy moving upwards), which explains a lot of facts, from heat, to coordination of whole motions in mechanics (motion downwards), from genetics (information upwards), to the chirality of angular momentum that ‘ascends’ information, to the linearity of mechanics that descends motion, etc. etc. etc.
- And all this we mathematize with ¬Æ simple equations, the Feed-back equation for a single scale, Se<=>Tƒ, and the metric of the 5th dimension. And in this part is where for respect to the common reader, interested in T.Œ, we shall keep it simple. Thus we shall keep for the 4th line the rigorous mathematical analysis of 5D physics – the details.

For example, in quantum we are not going to argue the maths of the wave-particle duality just explain why the envelope of the dispersion wave IS the time function, which prompted quantum physicists to interpret it as a probability in time, while the same kind of equation without dispersion variability makes physicists to study similar waves as density in space. As it happens quantum has more time=information so yes, we do need to add to fixed waves time dispersion. But that does not mean we are seeing ‘probabilities’ as very serious Nobel prize physicists explain to common people.

Now going to the organic forbidden, why explanation, when you get a predator observer, the huge energy electron of the ‘nice abstract scientist’ bombing you NOBODY states on the wave-moving pattern, but do either the macho-man thing (collapse into tight circular formation so the chart-circle defends the caravan from the Indians) or the not-so cautious woman thing, disperse and run as fast as you can; so they won’t eat you up, that is ‘measure’, LOL; and that is the 2 maximal and minimal limits where the quantum wave goes. If you don’t bother it though it will follow its path of least action, Hamiltonian standing point AS EVERYTHING ELSE IN THE UNIVERSE DOES.

Further on, as the substrata of this galaxy is light space-time, the formal motion of which all is made, light space-time collapses into denser particles and vice versa, when an electron is in a free, not-tight state this dispersion dissolves the electron fast into light space-time, its photonic components observed in a nebulae picture. But this does NOT mean the electron is uncertain. It is just devolving back into the ‘water medium’ of its universe, once it is liberated from the quark pulling attraction. And its nebulae which is a picture taken in this universe, is NOT a probability neither a series of parallel Universes, but obviously the fractal cellular configuration.

So the electron as all physical systems have 3 ‘time states’ of increasing form, the field (wave spread into light space-time), the wave (around the nuclei) and the particle (in a flow of electricity or collapsing with a proton to form a neutron) states.

And all this is nicely explained here NOT with the complex equations of quantum physics in its 3 formalisms, the wave formalism (Schrodinger), the particle formalism (Heisenberg matrix) and the field formalism (Dirac-Feynman). What for? The 3 are right and any serious specialist in quantum physics, who knows them better than I do, could if he wanted to further evolve 5D physics get into the astounding number of details, enlightened with it.

Instead we shall just write the ‘general equation’ for all ternary time-systems of the Universe that defines its 3 ages:

Max:Se/Tƒ->Se=Tƒ->Max. Tƒ/Se

They are 3 ‘stationary points’ of the Hamiltonian for time-energy ages in physics, which represent the maximal point of energy-or youth ages (Max. Se x Min Tƒ: Max. Se/Tƒ), the point of balance in the classic age, Se=Tƒ, and the point of 3rd age information (Tƒ/Se).

So this simple equation define the field/gas states of quantum and thermodynamics, the wave-liquid state and the particle-solid state.

You see, if we used quantum matrix-waves-paths we could NOT even generalize the 3 time ages-states to the next upper scale of 5D physics, Thermodynamics; which now we realize uses very similar ‘canonical ensembles’ and ‘statistics’ akin to ‘probabilities’, in its analysis of its ‘entropic’ flows of energy upwards. So we can easily see we are considering two fractal similar realities.

But we stress once and again, the word ‘fractal’ as fractals are NOT identical. As we saw, the upper cosmic scales of galaxies look more as antiparticles than atoms, with more mass on the outskirt halo, even if cosmologists model stars as photons, and we showed the proton to have once normalized with 5D metric, to have the black hole radius.

In that regard unification equations are possible as we showed unifying charges and masses, BUT only WITH THE METRIC OF 5D because what we UNIFY if it has not been yet unified will always be because PHYSICISTS did not have this structure; and ONLY with the duality of symmetries of space-time (ITS AGES and TOPOLOGIES as we have done with the 3 ages-state of quantum and thermodynamic matter). IT IS THUS not EQUALITY but SYMMETRY in space, asymmetry in 5 D and anti-symmetry (inversion) in time ages – not Parmenides BUT HERACLITUS.

Plainly speaking quantum look like thermodynamics as ensembles of multiple point-particles but are NOT identical. Yet there is metaphysical question here, as to what is the ultimate cause of those differences – the human observer’s distortion of the way we perceive other scales that accumulate distortions as information cross them, or the real nature of the Universe?

This though is a question for the 4th line, last post on metaphysics and god, the mind of the Universe.

**Recap. The difficulties to explain 5D physics to physicists .**

The biggest difficulties of T.Œ is not Physics (the observable) but human physicists (the observer and its anthropomorphic ideologies and linguistic, mathematical-only method):

- The distortion of information caused by the far away location of its two most studied present limits, cosmic physics (big bang theory, renormalized in the previous post) and quantum theory.

- The use of somewhat simplified mathematics for all scientists to understand it in the context of a T.Œ, which by definition should have an ‘expression’ for all people to understand. This means to use more conceptual wording that mathematics, something physicists scorn with their ‘arrogance’ as Popes of science, who only speak Latin and only in Latin their wor(l)d must be expressed for none to understand its errors.

- Which are many, mostly due to their wrong understanding of the 3 arrows of time (reduced to a single lineal arrow), a single space instead of its 3 topologies and a singe space-time membrane instead of the 5D structure of reality.

- The sheer immensity of this, the first modern science, and the most evolved in a technological world based on the machines and weapons they construct, which makes difficult to be coherent and at the same time explain it all, a task I have given up, unlike in the posts of economics, history and biology, which are far more developed. So i will in this spring of 2016 focus on pouring information in this post and the parallel post on mathematics (U±∞) complementarity to it; once the other major social and biological sciences are fairly surveyed.

- And finally because of this mathematical only expression in lineal single-spacetime, the denial of mental, organic and proper causal relationships, which makes physics as it is lacking on the understanding of its whole theories, despite its enormous detail on its mathematical how-description. Since quantum physics can ONLY be interpreted logically with the organic paradigm, to make sense of its maths, this is difficult. Neither the Copenhagen or the multi universe versions make logic sense, though the maths are good. The initial Schrodinger concept is the proper way, when we explain its time-space symmetries (why the treatment is of populations in space, not probabilities in time) and its 5D symmetries (why it is organic fractal behavior, as waves collapse into particles like all herds that move as waves and become tight particles when ‘bombed’ by huge observers, aka predators; why there is entanglement, as information travels in the lower, non-local gravitational space-time that connects particles at distance, as this text is NOT travelling to you by sound voice but instantaneous light speed, translated by the net)

## FROM PARTICLES TO GALAXIES: ATOMIC HOMOLOGIES IN ALL PHYSICAL SCALES

**THE ATOMIC-GALACTIC ∆±3 SCALES, ITS SPECIES AND ∆ST SYMMETRIES.**

**The galaxy atom**

In the graphs, the cosmic scale is the outer ‘region’ of the galactic atom, ruled by transversal, expansive, intergalactic giant gravitational waves. Its existence within the galaxy -albeit reduced to c-speeds, unlike outside the galaxy where they are spotted routinely at z=10c, would define a new dual game of implosive and attractive gravitation similar to the scalar atomic game. Many laws can be solved and deduced from this parallelism. Below the Titus law of planetary distances as caused by G-waves.

Let us consider an example of what we mean by complexity vs. simplicity. In physics a TOE is reduced to the unification not of all sciences and all languages of knowledge, but only of the 4 forces of nature, gravitation, electromagnetism, and the strong and weak force.

This is the saint grail of physicists, which for a century have miserably failed. Why? If as we prove in our article on the Physical TOE, the unification is a mathematical, trivial result of the metric of the 5th dimension? Because they try to achieve that unification with the more complex formulations of quantum and gravitational physics (General relativity and chromo/electrodynamics).

Nobody has attempted as we did to unify both, charges and masses using the simplest of all its ‘first’ descriptions:

Newton’s gravitational vortices and Bohr’s model of the Hydrogen orbit. Hardcore scholars that take years to learn Einstein’s Metric, quantum field theory and Dirac’s equations consider those 2 models ‘passé’.

And yet, precisely because the principles of unification are simple, it is through the simplest methods where the coincidences happen.

So I could easily unify charges and masses, obtaining the key parameters, the Gravitational constant and the Coulomb constant, and the relationship of hierarchy (10 up to 40), between both forces, by the simple method of translating to gravitational vortex-jargon the jargon of electricity, a somehow convoluted abstraction not so intuitive, and then apply the law of co-invariance of the 5th dimension to both vortices, which immediately showed to be in that 10__40__ relationship.

Whereas a charge vortex had clocks of time much faster, and hence turned much faster becoming a much more attractive ‘hurricane of space-time’.

Now, as it happens with gravitation, quantum physics went beyond Bohr’s model and gave us the other ‘3 point of view’. It gave us the static, formal model, of electronic orbitals, the gradient model of energy levels and finally the more sophisticated Hamiltonian analysis of its operators.

And this *final level is the one physicists try by all means to unify. But precisely at that level of detail is where the fractal scales of the Universe which are ‘similar’ but not identical (you are made of space and time and your actions are always the 5 vowels but you do NOT eat light as an electron, or oil as a machine, so you can be unified saying ‘all eats energy’ but not in the specific food).*

I recall the only time I could give a conference on that unification at Sonoma’s 50 anniversary of Systems Sciences, in which many top physicists were present.

They were first in awe that such simple equations as a 3 dimensional vortex could unify and extract the never found theoretical result of G and Q (we have only empirical measures), solve the hierarchy problem and further on as I develop a bit more the gravitational ‘jargon’ of charges, prove that the Proton radius was equal to the black hole radius so an atom was self-similar to a galaxy and the scales of the Universe were infinite through the 5th dimension.

Then someone raised his hand and told me what Hilbert told to Einstein when we published special relativity: the mathematics are too simple (Hilbert quipped that they were at the level of an undergraduate), and the enthusiasm waned. Within months NY Times published in its Sunday magazine a cover with my suit to the Nuclear Industry and that killed my career with ad hominem so I loss all my scholar positions and never gave more master conferences…

But that is another story of the limits of ethics in science. What matters here is to realize of the multiplicity aroused by the 4 pillars of all descriptions of reality. And the Occam’s razor: simpler is better.

What about the other 2 forces? The similarity between the strong force and the gravitational force ‘inside the atom-galaxy’, both attractive ‘only’ and the outer force of the galaxy (repulsive gravitation aka dark energy) and the outer force of the atom (electromagnetic repulsive expansive forces) is then immediate on the ‘simpler models’, as it is the parallelism between magnetism and gravitomagnetism (Heaviside’s discovery). And many other results follow. Further on, the hierarchy between those forces is also immediate. Well not so immediate, it requires…

**The 2 fundamental scalar vortices of time: Charges and Masses.**

Let us then deduce from the previous metric, the main equations of the different world-plane constants, starting for the best known, remembering that T=1/Tƒ:

F= GmM/L² = ma

a = GM/L² GM = L³ xTƒ² where G is the constant and M the ∆-scalar magnitude, Tƒ², the dimension of cyclical time (angular acceleration) and L³ the dimension of volume.

The same equation, substituting G for Q and M for charge, as we show in the Unification Equation of charges and masses gives us the value of a charge as an ∆-scalar magnitude, when we use the Bohr model to calculate the attractive charge of the first spherical S-orbital of an electron (obviously the complexity of non-circular electronic orbitals defy this simple calculus).

Thus both M and E are the scalar magnitudes of the two upper and lower limiting world-planes of human existence, as accelerated vortices, the ‘active magnitudes’ of those 2 fields.

How does a vortex of charge and mass becomes constructed geometrically? We must understand that all systems tend to curve a |-Motion into a cyclical, finally accelerating inwards vortex: |>Ø>o. Those 3 phases of a motion will give birth to a ‘ternary structure’, the commonest of the Universe and its simplest ones are those of nature:

In the graph we can see the 3 relative topologies: as a |-Motion curves into a field, it moves inward accelerating, till it reaches the zero point, in which it will often will split its ‘formal’ and ‘energetic content:

On one side it will slow down and be perceived as a stop- mapping, in the central zero point, on the other side it will be deflected and change its dimensional direction upward as a hyperbolic tube that becomes finally a lineal flow. In physical fields, the simplest systems, it means we will find a field, which will accelerate inwards (gravitational, charge field) and then it will create a ‘less energetic’ upwards-downwards ‘gravito-magnetic’ field, completing the 3 ‘topological membranes’ of a whole system.

This field will basically have the 3 components and write with the generic equation of all fields:

F= A x E, where F is the force, A the active magnitude (Charge, mass) and E the vectorial structure of the field.

* A proof of the ∞ ∆-scalar nature of space-time, composed of isomorphic lineal forces of ‘spatial energy’ and cyclic, clock-time vortices of ‘informative time’, charges in the ∆-1 quantum scale, and masses in the ∆+1 cosmic scale are the recently found ”excited S-orbitals’ of the Milky Way: 2 bubbles of electromagnetic energy with the same form that ∆-1 atomic orbitals have in its excited states. The Metric of its isomorphism is the Unification Equation of Charges & Masses and its U. Constants (Q.G.).*

In Physics we find the same 3±1 ages or ‘states’ of matter and 3 ∆±1 scales for all systems known to man:

– The ∆-1 scale is the quantum world. The fractal principle classifies all quantum subspecies.

I.e., Strings have 3×3+1 Ds across 3 scales of ∆-1 strings, ∆-branes and ∆+1 particles. There are 3 ages of quarks & electrons of ∆ information and -∆ size (Max.Tƒ=Min.Spe). S/T dualities define also n-p pairs, boson forces & Universal constants.

– The human ∆-scale in which we observe 3 States of matter, the ‘energetic’, gaseous state, the liquid E=O balanced state and the informative, solid state, between ‘plasmatic birth (∆-1) and ‘big-bang’ extinction, when informative vortices (∆+1 masses and ∆-1 charges) become energy, according to Einstein’s equation (E=mc^{2}), written in Planck’s notation as E<=>M(O). Since mass is a 2-manifold vortex of gravitational information (graph): *ExT=K, E=Mc ^{2}. Hence M=K/T=Kv; where v is the rotational speed of the mass vortex proportional to its attractive power – a clock cycles which carries the information of the Universe in the Tiƒ frequency of its cycles.*

While on ∆+1 Earth matter follows 3 ages cycles (water, nitrogen cycle, rock cycles, etc.)

– Finally in the Cosmic scale ∆-1 atoms, which gather into ∆-stars, which become parts of social ∆+1 galaxies.

Further on a wealth of solutions to fundamental questions of physics, derive from 3×3+1 dimensional metric. I.e:

– Antiparticle’s travel to the past in Feynman’s diagram. They are particles ‘death processes’ (Max. Se=Min.Tƒ) of minimal duration, which explains its perceived scarcity since its total space-time momentum is minimal.

– Einstein’s 3 topologic varieties=solutions of his 2-manifold spatial metric, according to the value of the cosmological constant, are symmetric to the 3±1 ages of the Universe’s cycle: The post-big-bang young age of expansive energy, the steady state solution of a balanced Spe=Tiƒ ‘adult’ age and the 3^{rd} big crunch, informative collapse (Max. Tiƒ) followed by its big-bang explosive death, mimicked in galaxies, born as gaseous nebulae of max. E, which become balanced spirals and collapse into black holes of dark matter, to explode in quasar big-bangs^{2}: Se-Big-bang>ST-steady state>Tiƒ-Black hole Vortex.

– Thus we resume the 3 ∆±1 scales of the cosmos, with the Fractal Generator of Physical Beings: ∑∑_{∆-1}ST-Bosons>∑_{∆}Tiƒ-Charges> ∏_{∆+1}Tƒ-Masses.

Whereas the Universal Constants (G, Q), define the curvature of 2 space-time vortices at the ∆-1 quantum charge and ∆+1 cosmic mass scales. Its formalism, *M= **ω*^{2}*r ^{3}/U.C.(G,Q) *is its Unification Equation. Since if we substitute

*for the Earth-sun system we obtain G, (1*solves its hierarchy problem.

^{st}ever theoretical deduction) and if we substitute for the Bohr Radius and Proton Mass, we obtain Q with a 10^{40}higher curvature value, the exact difference between both forces that*As curvature in space is symmetric to rotational speed in time, symmetric to the attractive force of any vortex.* It also proves the isomorphism between electromagnetic atoms and galaxies, H-atoms of the cosmic scale. *Since when* we translate electromagnetic equation into gravitational mass vortices, the proton radius becomes the Schwarzschild radius of a black hole and electronic orbitals star clouds, a result foreseen by Relativity that modeled galaxies as Hydrogen atoms in the Einstein-Walker Metric of the Cosmos. Organicism gives the ‘why’ of Galacells that have DNA- + Top Quark proton holes, star mitochondria that feed them & strangelet halos.

**The Advances of Fractal Relativity: Fractal, Fluid Space-times**

II. QUANTUM GRAVITY

Canonical quantization of Einstein’s theory for gravity: g³(x)->gˆ³ (x) in funcional Schrodinger picture:Ψ = Ψ(g³) satisfies the Wheeler-De Witt equation and constraints:

i ∂ Ψ = ˆH Ψ = 0

H i Ψ = 0

Conceptual problems:

1. Problem of time: There is no time evolution, the wave function is static.

(How can we tell the universe is expanding or contracting?)

2. Measurement problem: We are considering the whole universe. There are no outside observers or measurement devices.

3. What is the meaning of space-time diffeomorphism invariance? (The constraints H iΨ = 0 only express invariance under spatial diffeomorphisms.)

Bohmain approach

In a Bohmian approach we have an actual 3-metric g(³) which satisfies: ·g³ = vΨ(g(³))

This solves problems 1:

– We can tell whether the universe is expanding or not, whether it goes into a singularity or not, etc.

– We can derive time dependent Schr ̈odinger equation for conditional wave function. E.g. suppose gravity and scalar field. Conditional wave functional for scalar field

Ψs(φ, t) = Ψ(φ, g(³)(t)) is time-dependent if g(³)(t) is time-dependent.

Physicists do not understand those simple truths—even a century after Einstein applied Mr. Riemann’s discovery of the fifth non-Euclidean postulate, which defines a point as a cyclical motion in space—because of a basic error of “materialist physics”: Since nuclear physicists do machines and bombs, which are made of dense metal, they tend to believe in “solid things.” So this kind of spiritual thought on motions and events is unreal to them. Instead, they “decided” that the principle of equivalence only affected to the gravitational force but somehow “stopped” in an obscure point where the rotational acceleration of the mass vortex clashed with something “solid,” like a “rubber ball,” which had to be the “mass.”

In the graph, our growing understanding of masses in terms of a fluid, relativistic vortex is an interesting proof of the distance between mathematics and reality since mathematics merely offer an abstract, simplified picture of reality with equations we have to interpret in terms of real objects observed in the Universe. That is the case of a mass, which once Einstein’s equations were published was first depicted as in the left picture, like a ball that was *curving downward* the space-time of the Universe. But that image is not logic and it has no relationship with the Universe we observe since any vortex, including those of air and water, have no solid ball in the center, but merely deflect the cyclical motion upward, transforming it again into lineal, perpendicular motion.

And this is what we observe in masses and charges, which are cyclical vortices, which first transform lineal motion into cyclical motion, creating the charge or mass and then deflect that cyclical motion, expelling it as less curved lineal motion through its poles, as a magnetic, electric, or dark energy flow.

So physicists moved recently toward the second more logical and realistic version of the vortex of mass, *curving inward*, illustrated by a fluid or gas vortex in pictures 2 (a fluid vortex) and 3 (a hurricane). This third picture of the hurricane applied by analogy to a mass vortex shows clearly how a bidimensional mass forms by curving energy. Each of the mini vortices that accelerates inward toward the center of the black hole will be a particle, a quark, which acquires mass as it rotates faster, diminishing in radius (according to the previous vortex equation). In the more complex mathematics of relativity, those equations that explain how energy becomes mass as we approach *c* speed (E=mc^{2}) become the so-called Lorenz transformations.

As you can see, the vortex comes inward toward the condensed center *in which it will fuse with other quarks into a single diminishing vortex, called an Einstein-condensate, that packs very close one quark over another, turning at light speeds in a state of highly ordered matter.*

In the graph, we observe also the evolution of true science, thanks to our advances in mathematics and logic. First, in the beginning of the century, when Einstein published, *only gravitation, the force external to the mass was treated under the Principle of equivalence, between force and acceleration.* The mass was still considered a solid substance, a Maya of the senses, which fix the quantum fluctuations of energy and information into a still image of the Universe, a knot of information called the mind. But the fixed images of the mind are not reality. Reality, as we entered into deeper experimental evidence, turned out to be always vibrating, moving, fluctuating at all scales we have perceived it. In the center, we see a bubble image of a particle.

There are not solid substances but a constant flow of motions that happen in different scales of fluid space-times, each one made of a sea of minimal “actions” with energy and information that act as the medium of that world—the gluons of the strong space-time of quarks, the h-Plancks of the weak world of electromagnetism, the -strings of the dark energy of gravitation (as per Nottale and others). And in the mediums known to man, the air molecules of nitrogen and oxygen, or the water molecules, which allow also the creation of hurricane and tornado vortices. In the new physics of complexity, we are all part of fractal discontinuums, mediums and scales of vibrating energy and form, and all the abstract simplifications of the “ancients,” while useful to allow calculus, become from a philosophical perspective hyperbolic or Pythagorean, monist, mechanist aberrations of thought.

Notable properties of this new world are a series of logic dualities and self-similarities called correspondences and invariances that relate those scales. Each new scale becomes created by the fractal sum of all the micro vortices that become a whole one in the next scale of size of the physical Universe, adding new dimensions. For example, a well-known correspondence is established between a mathematical description of a quark-gluon soup as a fifth-dimensional world of strings and a fourth-dimensional world of quark vortices. What this means is that -strings are the one-dimensional units of the superfluid dark energy that form those bidimensional quarks, which themselves lock in three perpendicular vortices to create fractals our three-dimensional electronic word. And so dimensions are always fractal, emerging as objects of a next scale, but the sum of all the fractal, finite dimensions from the small to the bigger world always adds up to four infinite continuous dimensions.

Yet all those fractal parts of the different scales of superfluid space-time are not solid substances but actions of energy and informative time. Planck again discovered this more than one hundred years ago, when he found the fractal unit of the membrane of light space-time we inhabited and called it action of energy and time. Yet the solid image never died away. What fractal theorists have done is to add to the “membrane of electroweak space-time made of light forces and electrons” another membrane of “gravitational masses” made of strings, gluons, quarks, and black holes. *S*o in the same manner, we have two basic physical mediums that create vortices in our planetary scale, hurricanes made of quanta/fractal parts of atomic air and tornados, made of quanta/fractal parts of atomic water. In the Universe at large, we have two mediums, the light space-time made of “light quanta” (our membrane) and the gravitational world made of strings, fractal parts of gluon quanta (which form the superfluid vortices of quarks) and gravitational dark energy that form the cosmological space-time.

This duality, clearly established in the work of Nottale and others, reshapes our classification of forces in two systems, one of electroweak light entropy and other of strong gravitational mass. It is important to define properly the terms of that duality, so ill understood by the “ancients,” the quantum entropy theorists, rooted in the physics of the past millennium:

- Electroweak, massless forces made of electromagnetic light and electrons belong to our membrane of Euclidean space-time, defined in classic physics. This is our world and it is defined by expansive entropy, spatial, lineal forces.
- Yet this world is in a tug-of-war with the strong, cyclical, massive dark world of quarks that bends this space into cyclical clocks of bidimensional, temporal information, and the quark vortices inside the atom. And this strong world of quarks that bends electrons has also a lineal force, the dark gravitational energy flows that structure the interstellar space.

The easiest way to perceive those two universes is to consider the primary Universe not our Universe, but the world of quarks connected by long strings of dark gravitational energy, which form a universal web over which *the electromagnetic world becomes a rubbery cover, as a series of copper cables are coated with rubber or our neurons with myelin. The quarks of strong forces are covered by electronic surfaces, which communicate between them through flows of electromagnetic light that runs over the thinner, faster wires of dark gravitational energy, which is the intimate scaffolding of reality.*

In the cosmological world, quark quanta form the hyper dense black holes and quark stars. Indeed, in the same manner, we have found certain planets to have cold crystal cores; it might be possible that some stars have in the center a superfluid core of quarks, with organic membranes/discontinuities that separate them from the thermonuclear world of hydrogen and helium that forms the core of lighter sun like stars. It is a simple, beautiful vision of a Universe in which all dual systems are also made of fractals of smaller systems.

So we always have to account for two complex types of non-Euclidean geometries, which the ancients dismissed with their continuous Euclidean analysis of Cartesian space: the duality between energy, explosive and informative, implosive systems that balance each other and the scalar structure in which quanta with fractal dimensions emerge into a higher scale.

A human is also made of organic molecules, fractal parts of a cell, fractal parts of a human organism, fractal parts of a society. And each of those entities can further be divided in an informative nuclei (the DNA in the cellular scale, the brain in the organic scale, the government and informative castes in societies) and a reproductive body (the cytoplasm, the body, the reproductive, working class).

All this was finally understood in the simplest scales of physics, thanks to the work of fractal and complexity theorists, which in the past two decades expanded our mathematical and theoretical view of the principle of equivalence to encompass all the fractal structures of space/time and the work of multiple experimentalists who validated it with observations. They are the founders of the fractal paradigm of science, which could be to twenty-first-century science what the quantum paradigm. I recommend the work of Mr. Nottale, an astronomer, who established the minimal unit of gravitational space-time and related the two membranes through fractal equations and my work on non-Euclidean mathematics, still simple but with huge future.

Now we keep it simple because logic meaning is more intense. For example, when we consider topology, the first perspective is the ‘concept of topology as geometry with curvature motions’. Thus we prefer the simpler concepts of Gauss and Lobachevski, to introduce this essential ternary symmetry.

But obviously the last conception of topology in terms of sets of points is the most accurate. And yet only mathematicians will get an intuitive picture of it. So we keep it simple in terms of topological networks.

In that regard a fundamental error proper of the human mind is to discharge simpler, older models as if they had no truth at all, when a new more pedantic, detailed analysis comes in, so for example, nobody would dare to study gravitation in Newtonian or even Poisson’s terms, since Einstein brought relativity, and yet as we shall see, the ‘fixed’, formal analysis of Einstein (based in curvatures, which he found to be, of course of our 3 types in the entire space-time of the Universe) is complemented by the more dynamic vortex-like vision of Newton and the gradient analysis of poison.

In fact we will study in epistemology, in the future, the ternary structure in time of information theories, which grow in complexity and accuracy but filling in details, BUT do not invalidate simpler analysis, as all realities are ‘ternary’ in form and function, and 3±i is indeed the fundamental number of the universe.

Why the existence of bidimensional time cycles, which carry information is not explained by science? The reason is the Galileo’s paradox ignored by physics: the fact that, when observed in detail, all what exists is in motion – hence it is an event in time – and yet most things we see seem static, quiet – hence, they look like forms of space. Yet space is merely the short perception of a Time motion – a cycle or trajectory of an entity from past to future, seen as a simultaneous form. All what is perceived as a form of space is part of a long motion in time – a clock-like cycle that carries information.

Galileo’s paradox shows that the 2 ultimate substances of our physical models of reality – masses and vacuum space – which seem ‘fixed forms’ have motion:

Masses and charges are cyclical vortices that curve the lineal energy/motion of the 2 forces of pure space –light and gravitation– into whirl-like vibrations. So a charge is caused by the cyclical warping of a lineal motion called light into electronic vortices; and a mass is caused by the cyclical warping of another lineal force with energy-motion, called gravitation, into mass vortices (E=Mc^{2} in Relativity.)^{11}

This again is not clear to physicists, because there are two theories of mass – that of Einstein, called Relativity and that of quantum theorists, which sponsor their own theory about mass, called the Higgs Theory. Yet Einstein’s theory of mass, General Relativity, is the basic theory of gravitation and mass in the Universe, proved right by multiple events of cosmology.

So Relativity should stand as the most probable truth. In such theory the Principle of Equivalence between gravitational forces and acceleration defines a mass. According to that principle, acceleration and mass are the same, as when you accelerate in a rocket, car or lift and feel heavier. But since there are only two types of accelerated motions, lineal, energetic forces and cyclical vortices (whirls of space-time), and gravitation is a whirl of space-time, Einstein came to the conclusion that you could describe reality as a combination of two motions, cyclical motion with more form, ‘informative’ motion, origin of masses, which are whirls of space-time that attract like hurricanes do, accelerating towards its center, and lineal forces, energetic, expansive fields.

Space is not static, but a type of energy or motion that ‘occupies space’, which has extension. And since the shortest distance between two points is a line, the motion with more extension is lineal motion. Thus, the purest space is lineal motion. Once we realize of this paradox of perception, all what exists become a ‘form in motion’, a time motion.

And so we define two types of essential motions in the universe: lineal forces and bodies, which specialize in lineal motions or energetic motions and cyclical particles (masses and charges) and heads, which specialize in cyclical motions that create forms and are often perceived as static information. In the graph we see that duality between the still perception of energy as ‘space’ and clock-cycles as information and its real motions. Several facts explain those perceptive paradoxes:

– The ‘expansion of space’, a key feature of the Universe, is synonymous of motion. Since that expansion can either be described as a ‘growth’ of space between galaxies (big-bang theory) or as a measure of the speed of galaxies that move away from each other (z-red shift theory). So vacuum space and energetic, lineal motions are synonymous.

– All what we perceive as static has, in detail, some motion. Thus, in the same way we perceive in the night a moving car as a fixed line of space, we perceive the space of the Universe as static though it is expanding, moving. And we perceive the Earth as static even if it is rotating (Paradox of Galileo).

– A 3^{rd} proof of the temporal, motion-like nature of reality comes from the role of light in our perception of space: The last substrata of physical, vacuum space is light, (BG radiation) – a force in motion that shares the 3 Euclidean dimensions of canonical space, because both concepts vacuum space and light are synonymous: the 3 perpendicular dimensions of Euclidean space, width, height and length, are equivalent to the 3 perpendicular dimensions of light-space – the electric= informative=height field, the magnetic=energetic=width field, and the length=reproductive field (since a light wave reproduces its form in the length dimension).

Thus, we ‘see’ space as made of 3 perpendicular dimensions, because its substance ‘light-space’ is made of 3 perpendicular motions. Both concepts are the same: the 3 dimensions of static vacuum space are the 3 arrows=motions of light: its energetic, magnetic field, its informative, electric field, and its reproductive, e x i, field of speed. Those 3 motions occupy and create vacuum space. While the 4^{th} arrow of social evolution of light is what we call ‘colors’, which gather many photons into a single color and complete our perception of space. The equality between spatial dimensions and light motions – the substance of space – is proved by the condensation of vacuum space into light photons.

Yet the mathematical, probabilistic depiction of that phenomenon obscures its cause among physicists. On the other hand, painters know this equivalence since the impressionist, pointillist schools discovered that we paint light, not space.

We add to light-space a 2^{nd} spatial force, gravitation, which we do not perceive, but seems to curve the Euclidean geometry of light-space, according to Einstein’s relativity.

Thus, there are 2 space membranes: light-space, the space we perceive; and gravitational space, which we do not perceive directly, though we know it exists because its force/energy affects reality. So the total space of reality is shaped by the combined creative effect of two expanding energies, gravitation and light. Thus, space and its dimensions are *not* an abstract, mathematical reality that exists independently of light and gravitation – an error caused by the use of an abstract, continuous Cartesian graph that seems a form of space, independent of the entities that exist within it. Space is made of those 2 moving forces, reason why we cannot move faster than light-space, the maximal motion-distance of our perceived Universe.

*Recap: *What we call vacuum space is the static, ‘dimensional’ perception of the energy/motion of light and gravitational forces that fill the vacuum. What we call a mass is the static perception of a whirl of vacuum energy, a clock-like, cyclical motion of time. Hence, since all is motion, including the 2 ultimate substances of reality, the energy of space and the forms of masses and charges, all is in constant change, all is time. Thus, we exist in an eternal Universe, made of time motions, which our perception fixes into a continuous, still reality.

Thus our first approximation, to the unification of charges and masses, using first the simplest Bohr and Newtonian model is right because the concepts behind those models are right, the details not so much – in the 4th line the more complex mathematical physics of Relativity and Heisenberg Matrix with the Hamiltonian will be used to obtain similar results.

In that regard we must stress that first concepts must be right. Physics today often uses wrong concepts due to its lineal definition of time, continuous concept of space and lack of 5d metric to unify all the scales of the universe and explain the duality of entropy and information.

Yet, it covers those conceptual errors, as in the cosmic big bang studied in the previous post with a lot of ‘Latin’: complex computer models that always seem right, by the hypnotic power of difficult mathematical calculus, its nice PowerPoint pictures and billion of $ spent in experimental machines – mostly to find nothing we don’t know already as a little whisper of Gravitational waves, or an irrelevant particle of the weak interaction (the Higgs). I use none of that ‘rhetoric’ here, as I am a proud believer in human brains – have always done my calculations by hand (-; and yet, this introductory paragraph give us more whys on modern physics that all the research of post-war scholars, who of course will not have any of it (-; Why? Because the universe is simple and not malicious. So simple principles MUST RULE the foundations of a Theory of Everything. (-;

**The Unification Equation: Protons as black holes.**

Now, to fully understand those fractal quarks and how they might form cosmological black holes, we have to relate the quantum world of charges and masses and the cosmological world of stars and black holes. So we have to return to complex physics, solving one of the great questions pending in twentieth-century physics, the unification equation of charges and masses, which is the key to properly mathematize the different masses of all those quarks and deduce the speeds of its vortices. To that aim, we must understand charges and masses as two fractal membranes of the Universe, not as two forces, that exist in the same continuous space-time. This is an improvement over Einstein relativity, but as the reader should understand by now, what fractal relativity has done is to improve Einstein by improving the mathematics he used, with the addition of fractal mathematics and the completion of the postulates of non-Euclidean geometry and by improving the logic of his work with the addition of information, the second arrow of time.

The equation that unifies charges and masses as a single type of force has been searched for one hundred years from the perspective of quantum particles, not with the geometrical/motion-based concepts of Einstein’s masses. Yet Einstein always said the unification equation should be based in the geometrical similarity between the equations of electromagnetism and gravitation and the equivalence principle between mass and acceleration.

Let us then use those simple principles. The existence of a fractal structure of space-time means that the electromagnetic world and the cosmological world are just two self-similar non-Euclidean membranes of space-time of two scales and charges and masses two self-similar vortices of two different scales.

So we shall be able to obtain for the first time theoretically, the value of the stronger universal constant of charges (Coulomb) by merely translating the jargon of a charge to the jargon of a vortex of space-time, which is the same in all scales. Since rotation is the essence of mass and the concept of a hard particle as a solid ball is a mere Maya of the senses, *their only difference between quantum charges and cosmological bodies is the higher speed of rotation of charges and hence the stronger constant of the electromagnetic vortices of the quantum world.*

This unification can be done with the mathematics of Newton, Poisson, or Einstein, which are just three stages in the constant refinement of the principle of equivalence and the geometrical analysis of the Universe. *What matters is to understand the principles, which is what quantum cosmologists no longer do.*

So now we have a quantum theory of gravitation and we can explore further both ways down and up the relationships.

The relationships between the particles of those two fractal scales, the cosmological and quantum scale, is the next great mystery of physics, resolved by the unification equation and Einstein’s mass theory. To find that relationship, we must translate to the gravitational jargon the radius of a proton, the particle made of quarks and gluons in the quantum world. If the hypothesis of a self-similar membrane of space-time of different scales of size holds since both, a proton and a black hole in the two scales, are made of quarks, the proton must be a black hole of the electromagnetic scale and so its radius, when translated to the jargon of gravitation, must have the same formula than a black hole radius, called a Schwarzschild Horizon.

Again, the mathematics is fairly straight: we equal the Coulomb, gravitational constant=1.5×10^{29} and the electromagnetic radius of the proton written in the jargon of gravity with its classic formula that describes the same vortex, written in the jargon of electromagnetism:

Electromagnetic force (gravitational jargon) = G(q) M_{proton} m_{electron} /r^{2} = e^{2}/4∏e_{o}r^{2} =F (classic jargon)

A hydrogen atom will be then a mass vortex of space-time, where G(q) is the Coulomb constant as a gravitational constant with value 1.5 x10^{29}.

Now we use the previous equation to find the electron* Bohr radius as a gravitational vortex. *Then the magic transformation happens. Take the previous equation

e^{2}= 4∏e_{o}Gq(1.5 x10^{29}) M_{proton} m_{electron}

And put it into the electron radius:* e ^{2}/m_{electron} x c^{2} x*4∏e

_{o}. Now cancel m

_{electron}and 4∏e

_{o.}

And you get the electron radius expressed in the jargon of a quantum gravitational world as follows: *G(q)M/c ^{2}*.

It is a much simpler formula, which means we are doing “good physics” according to Ockham’s principle. But since in that expression *M* is the mass of a proton, G(q), the electromagnetic constant as a gravitational constant, and c, the speed of light, that expression is exactly the *Schwarzschild radius of a quantum black hole.*

*Thus, the electron Bohr radius, which is the final radius of minimal size and energy in electrons, is the event horizon of a black hole in the quantum gravitational* *world*.

Indeed in the cosmological world, beyond that radius light sinks toward the central singularity, where the black hole, a quark star resides. And beyond that radius, the electromagnetic flow sinks into the nucleus where quarks feed on light. In both worlds beyond those event horizons, light cannot escape. And yet the proton has a magnetic pole, through which it emits magnetic flows, equivalent to the dark energy, we shall see, black holes emit through its poles.

In other words, protons are self-similar to cosmological black holes in the quantum scale. And black holes are probably made of strings, gluons, and quarks as protons are. They should be therefore frozen quark stars, of the only variety of quarks which is positively charged, which happens to be also the densest of all quarks, the top quark, whose parameters as a condensate coincide with those of a cosmological black hole. And so a black hole is a top quark star, positively charged, the “self-similar proton” of a galactic atom.

Tƒ notice those results, the *first theoretical deduction* of Q, departing from G and the enormous simplification of the parameters of the electron radius till arriving to the same expression that a black hole radius cannot be by chance. They are mathematical deductions, one of the three *standard forms of proof in science.*

For a century, quantum cosmology has tried to obtain this unification, departing from quantum laws. Yet it can be obtained, departing from the gravitational equations of a vortex of space-time. Coulomb already hints at this fact when he decided to use a self-similar formula to that of Newton to describe a charge. What Einstein did was to refine those measures with the concept of simultaneous, present time and the use of the non-Euclidean Ricci tensor/flow, which is a more sophisticated, detailed picture of that curved vortex of space-time. He, we might say, applied a mathematical method that allows taking a series of still photographs of the vortex with enormous accuracy, but the complexity of his calculus hid the unification equation for a century. So it is evident that we are observing the same geometric vortex at different scales, explained with two different historic jargons.

So indeed, the Universe is a fractal of space-time, with two self-similar membranes. This opens an entire new field of physics, not quantum gravity, the description of cosmology with quantum laws, which is proved false, but fractal relativity, the description of the quantum world as a self-similar membrane to that of the cosmological world.

But in what it concerns this book, the most interesting finding under the new U (q) value of the electromagnetic constant is the discovery that the proton horizon shows the same equation as that of a black hole, a Schwarzschild horizon. It means that a quark condensate is a black hole state and vice versa: a cosmological black hole is a deconfined state of billions of top quarks, a top quark star.

Now, the mathematical treatment of the equivalence principle to unify masses and charges can be done with the simplest descriptions of a vortex created by Newton and Poisson or with the more complex Riemannian geometries of Einstein. The general error of physicists and the obvious reason why this equation has not been found is precisely their rejection of the simplest mathematics of Newton and Poisson, which made the unification exceedingly difficult. Yet there was a second reason: the use of a single arrow energy. So Einstein tried to unify cyclical vortices of mass and lineal electromagnetism (Maxwell’s equations) because he didn’t realize that he had to unify information and information (charges and masses) on one side and lineal forces with lineal forces (gravitational waves and electromagnetic waves), which has been done with the self-similar equations of gravito-magnetism.

Thus, in a universe of multiple fractal space-times, each one with a different content of spatial speed and informative density defined by a different G, electromagnetism and gravitation are merely two types of vortices with different sizes, hence different contents of space and time, which translates into different universal constants.

*Consequences of the fractal unification of charges and masses*

We obtained theoretically, for the first time, the value of Q from G; always obtained through the experimental method, the three legs of the scientific method are met in the fractal unification equation:

*Logic consistence*. The Universe is a fractal of multiple space-times, self-similar in structure.*Mathematical accuracy*. The same vortex of space-time allows calculating theoretically the values of those vortices.*Experimental proof*. The experimental calculation of Q coincides with the theoretical value, which has a probability to happen of less than 1 in a trillion, if this coincidence were by chance and not because the Universe is indeed a fractal of self-similar scales and charges are gravitational, quantum vortices.

Because no other approach has yielded a consistent, experimental logic and mathematical unification, it is obvious that a charge* is a self-similar (but not equal) membrane of space-time.*

Further on, a third type of force or vortex of space/time, which is even smaller in space and faster in time, the bidimensional strong force, defines quarks. And its cosmological equivalent, bidimensional black holes, seem to be similar in properties and morphology. Thus, we can also relate with the same principle of equivalence the strong force and gravitational force. We already showed the Bohr radius to be a Schwarzschild radius, and since astronomers study the stars around galactic black holes as electronic nebulae and have found that the central black hole is actually a swarm of them, as a quark is actually a fractal of gluons, the self-similarities keep growing.

In our analysis of the errors of truth of science, we considered the hyperbolic error the most common among human beings. Now we can apply it to the real structure of the Universe and its different membranes of space-time. We exist only in one of those membranes, the membrane of light space-time, which is Euclidean in form, whose space dimensions are given by the three lineal perpendicular fields of light.

And yet physicists think Einstein’s special relativity, which studies our local, fractal membrane of space-time (the membrane of Euclidean light-space and its entire evolved electroweak species that inhabit that space), found a tautology. Since we exist in that “light medium,” the speed of light *c* is the limit of speed of our world. Yet he thought *c* was the limit of speed of all the systems and sizes of the Universe.

Indeed, imagine that you exist in a war medium. If you flow with the water, you will not be able to go faster than the water. Because we float, so to speak, in light, the space-time of the galaxy, we can’t go further than light.

But we have observed beyond the galactic light space, intergalactic, dark, gravitational space with z=10 c speeds. This is in fractal space/time theory, with its decametric, multiple membranes of space-time, the limit of speed of the bigger cosmological world of dark/gravitational energy and quark/black holes. But scientists have invented an enormous number of ad hoc solutions to deny that in the bigger world of galaxies that float in that dark world, speed is faster.

Enough to say that the symmetry is based on what we call the paradox of Galileo, the fact that all what we observe can be seen as a fixed form or a moving one, like the Saturn’s rings mentioned before. When we see a mass as a motion, it is a vortex; when we see it as a fixed form, it is a particle. When we see a force as a motion, it is energy; when we see it fixed, it is space.

The classic example is given in cosmology: are the galaxies that are moving at z=10 c moving at ten times the speed of light, or is space creating distance, expanding? In the appendix, we shall deal with that theme when we study in depth the meaning of the big bang.

In this appendix, dedicated to the physical Universe, we have now to consider the fundamental symmetry of the Universe between lineal forces of space and cyclical, informative particles of time.

**∆-3: QUANTUM WORLDS**

The proper formalism of quantum physics in 5D is the pilot-wave theory. And we need to redress the fact that there is a quantum potential with entanglement speeds. As c-speed is only the limit of light space-time planes that doesn’t work for heavyweight quarks and dark entropy between galaxies.

THIS said, it is obvious that the first correction on quantum physics deal with the way we humans perceive fast cycles of time as pictures of space, because our slow time clocks see the entire life of a quark or electron as a single spatial picture of it.

If we use the decametric scales of other levels, we might consider the mean speed of a hydrogen atom, 3000, of light 300.000, so a minimum of 10 or 10² difference between scales is a common parameter – the fine structure constant being 1/137 pointing to that. But the average then stretches further in both directions, meaning that *there is a discontinuum, between the two scales in terms of time-speed, a ‘Lorentzian region’, before it settles. So the speed should grow in decametric scales, of 10ª for different faster than light substances according to their own density. So we have an array of species with hints to those faster decameter scales. Some of those scales, even if we are not concerned with hardcore measure but only general principles (the full model of quantitative, 5D should be performed by physicists in the future).*

10-100 C range: The densest matter spotted coming out of black hole intergalactic lets seem often move around 10 C in quasar jets. There are other measures which come even above that speed. So we might talk of a 10 C – 100 C range for dark matter made of superfluid quarks.

What quarks are then those which go beyond c-speed in their event horizon?

If we consider the electron to be slower than light, and the ud quarks similar states. We could accept the strange quark as the limit of our Universe; that is the equivalent of a black hole with a c-speed on the event-horizon or rather particle-point singularity.

So it is also likely that the speed of rotation of ∆-1 strange quarks with its mass around 20 times that of the down quark has in its singularity a C range; and its c-angular speed carries into the near c-angular speed of the most extreme pulsars with a strangelet core.

In the graph, we see the ‘reordering’ of the quarks families in 5D particle theory. 10-1000 C: This leaves over c speed the dark matter quarks of the heavy family. Since we observe that the growth from our light quarks, which should have an angular momentum <c and the next family of dark atoms, cb a very close growth of 1000 mass. Thus we are now in the realm of faster than light rotational vortices of mass. And if we consider the The top quark mass, beyond the event horizon that continues to accelerate again we observe a 1000 growth of mass respect to the charm…

So the top quark should be going faster than light in a new scale. How much is clearly defined by the Unification equation in terms of vortices (as we stated, we are not concerned with exact calculus, given the enormous complexity of quantum chromodynamics, the contribution to mass of all kind of virtual particles interactions and energies in detail – an extraordinary effort realized by the guys of asymptotic freedom with a similar concept of mass in terms of frequency). In our less precise but essentially right in the concept equation w² x M³, merely defines the growth of mass as a power law of faster growth than the speed of rotation. So the Unification equation in terms of Newtonian mechanics is simple:

*UC _{G,C} = *

*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}/M*UC*=

_{G,C}x M*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}M=*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}/UC_{G,C}Where we obtain for 2 UC(i/e) values, G and Q, 2 different space/time scales and vortices acceleration (mass and charges).

As we have a factor we cannot really measure for quarks that appear to us as point-particles (in its event horizon as the limit of our perception), we don’t know how fast the radius shrinks. If we consider it does it in inverse fashion to its angular speed and Mass becomes then the ‘relative constant’ M= ð(ω²) x $(r³), we are in a power law which is essentially similar to Kepler’s 3rd law. Couldn’t be otherwise: T² ≈ R³. So T=1/w and we substitute, normalizing as a constant each relative mass of each quark, M = 1; proportional to the square of its angular speed.

We can look at it in terms of dimensionalities, M, is the one dimensional scalar-singularity, w is the 2 Dimensional angular enclosure and r is the 3-dimensional quantum potential vital energy of the system – the lineal enclosed ‘wave’ state of this potential invisible field.

Now as the electron is an enclosure with the form of a standing wave, this speed would mean a rotational speed. In the simplified Bohr mode: 2 thousand km / s, approximately 1/100 of the light speed, which means clearly a decametric average mass jump. So we just reverse this hypothesis and consider that a 1000 growth of speed in the quantum potential is equivalent to a 100th growth of angular momentum in the rotation of the point particle which is equal to a 10 growth of mass…

And this give us *a huge boost in speeds of the ‘base’ quantum potential in which the heaviest particle the top quark moves. Indeed if we consider the ‘conservative’ view that the strange quark is rotating at c-speed and the ud quark at electronic speed (so the growth of mass from electrons to ud quarks is all product of their shrink in radius. Now the proton radius is around half that of the electron and 2000 more heavy. Here again we have of course some conflicting view. The ‘classical electron radius’ is a calculated radius based on an assumption that the mass-energy potential of an electron is fully contained within a certain radius. It has a value of 2.82×10 ^{-15} m. That’s certainly small. Now compare this with the measured radius of a proton, which is 1.11×10^{-15} m. According to this an electron has a radius 2.5 times larger than a proton.*

Our approach is to take the ratio of quark/electron mass, consider them the same type of ‘species’ in two different states then divide the proton’s radius by the cube root of this number (because mass increases according to the inverse cube of radius). This ratio, 1836, would set the electron’s radius at approximately 12 times larger than a quark: at 9.1×10^{-17} m.

*So here we do have an M vs. r³ clear one thousand relationship, which would make logic to consider the rotational speed of the electron and the proton equal.*

*THEN regardless of the UD quark speed, the same calculus when worked out with the potential which we know to relate to the rˆ3 distance-speed of the shrinking vortex will go in a power 3 scaling, gives a further boost on 3 scales of 10 for the speed of the potential. *

*The Strange quark at c speed, from a different species with the same radius and the bc quark at 100 c speed, and the top quark at 10.000 c speed with the same radius gives us a potential at 10.000 c speed.*

*But of course as we cannot measure the radius factor of point-particles, we cannot be for sure. We shall in any case as a hypothesis of work to consider that the quantum potential is a 10.000 C field. *Since this is the theoretical result of experiments, trying to measure the speed of quantum entanglement.

This issue solved what is exactly made of the gravitational 10.000 times quantum potential field – I would suggest the graviton to be the Neutrino, and physicists to work out the hypothesis of 1 – spin and 2 – spins working out their equations, as they do twitch them at will always when they want – as they did with big bang and quantum interpretations. Now a 10.000 change of speed truly gives us a ‘change’ of species of the same order than say between molecules and biological organisms; so this ‘jump’ would make the neutrino with its weak angle similar to the string, a candidate for a fully worked out new theory whose maths I have just peered into bored of complex calculations but which theoretically should put together all this: **neutrinos, strings, gravitons, spooky entanglement, top quarks, black hole jets, neutrino theory of light, dark entropy, death of tired redshift light, expansion of space… **

All what must be done there is to consider a neutrino of 2 spin either because it comes in four to form the light, and each neutrino is its antineutrino, or other change on those equations.

What matters us though more is the conceptual error of dealing with mass in the field of ih-angular momentum as the meaning of mass.

So then particles anti gravitate in the sense that mass here is ih and so they are density charges that change symbol from repulsive to attractive, as we must ‘NOT use the concept of mass’ but angular momentum h, as the operator of both lineal and angular momentum, relate it to charge which is the active magnitude here, mass being expelled from the real of intrinsic properties of quantum systems.

So good luck to the XXI century physicist that puts them all. All I know is that is the way shown by the theoretical analysis from a 5D perspective.

c and that mass is proportional in its attractive power/weight to the speed of its Vo X Ro = K, shrinking vortex, is a good candidate to 100 C angular rotation within the event horizon. And as top quarks are considered the ‘inner boson state’ of the black hole, the same goes for black holes.

**Spin**.

One may easily get the impression that spin cannot be explained in a realist way, given its “non-classical two-valuedness.” But actually it can be incorporated very easily, as Bell discovered: Do not assume that there is an “actual value” associated with the spin observable σˆz in the z (or any other) direction! Instead, take the equation of motion** (1):**

with Cˆk the spin space, i.e., k = (2s + 1)ˆN for N spin-s particles.

In particular, it is useful here to regard the wave function ψt for, say, a single spin- 1 particle not as a function ψt : R³ × {−1, 1} → C² of a continuous (position) variable and a discrete (spin) variable, but rather as a spinor- valued function of position, ψt : R³ → C².)

As a consequence of the motion of a particle with spin is influenced by both the “spin-up” and the “spin-down” component of the wave function. While the particle has an actual position (and a wave function) but no additional actual spin degrees of freedom, these are sufficient to completely account for all quantum phenomena associated with spin.

**Deterministic Evolution.**

Since the Schrodinger equation does not involve the particle positions Qi(t), it can be solved first and determines the wave function Ψt for every time t once an initial wave function Ψt0 is specified for any time t0 that we choose to regard as the initial time. Next note that the right hand side of (1) consists of the 3 components corresponding to particle i out of the 3N components of a vector field vΨt on configuration space R3N. As a consequence, the equations (1) for all i = 1,…,N can be summarized by:

dQ/dt = vΨt Q(t) (3)

Regarding Ψt as known, this is a (time-dependent) ordinary differential equation (ODE) of first order, and as such determines the entire history t → Q(t) once an initial con- figuration Q(t0) is specified. That is why Bohmian mechanics is deterministic: once Q(t0) and Ψt0 are specified, the entire history is fixed by the equations (1) and (2): This fact also implies that the pair (Q(t0),Ψt0) can be regarded as the state of the Bohmian particle system at time t0. Since the choice of t0 is arbitrary, the state at any time t is the pair (Q(t), Ψt), and the phase space of Bohmian mechanics is R3N × H .

**System or Universe.**

The equations of Bohmian mechanics could be applied to a familiar system (e.g., an atom) or to the universe as a whole. Of course, one cannot expect that the equations hold for every system, for example for systems that interact with their environments. So let us begin with the system for which the equations are primarily intended: the universe. In this setting, N is the number of particles in the universe, and Ψt is the wave function of the universe. To consider such a wave function is unusual; after all, the quantum formalism never refers to a wave function of the universe; the quantum formalism, providing the probabilities for the results of observations performed on a system by an external observer, involves the wave function of that system and not of the entire universe. In the context of Bohmian mechanics, however, the wave function of the universe is not at all a meaningless concept, as it influences the motion of the particles according to (1).

When (1) and (2) hold for the universe, it follows that equations of the same type (but with smaller N) hold for certain subsystems. (We shall assume here for simplicity that k = 1, i.e., that we are dealing with spinless particles.) Consider a subsystem of

the universe with configuration X (the x-system), so that the configuration Q of the universe is of the form Q = (X, Y ) with Y the configuration of the environment of the x-system. Then a natural notion of the wave function of the x-system is provided by its conditional wave function

ψ(x) = Ψ(x, Y )

where Ψ(q) = Ψ(x,y) is the wave function of the universe. It is easy to see that the x-system obeys (3) (with Q = X and Ψ = ψ).

Moreover, if the x-system is suitably decoupled from its environment, (2) will hold as well. For example, this is the case when there is no interaction between the x-system and its environment, and the wave function of the universe is of the form

Ψ(x, y) = ψ(x) φ(y) + Φ(x, y)

with φ and Φ having macroscopically disjoint y-supports (so that they will never again overlap appreciably), and with Y lying in the support of φ. Such a situation often arises after a “quantum measurement.”

Equivariance. If the initial configuration Q(t0) is chosen at random with probability density |Ψt0|2 then the configuration Q(t) at any other time t is random with proba- bility density |Ψt|2. (Whenever speaking of probabilities, we assume that Ψ has been normalized, by multiplication by a suitable constant, so that ⟨Ψ|Ψ⟩ = |Ψ(q)|2dq = 1.) This fact, known as equivariance, follows from the continuity equation:

∂ρ = −∇ · (ρ v)

for ρ = |Ψ|2 and with the Bohmian velocity vector field v = vΨ as in (3). The continuity equation is in turn a consequence of the Schrodinger equation; it is usually written (in standard quantum mechanics) in terms of the quantum probability current J = ρ v.

**Quarks as Time phases.**

In the graph, one of the classic confusions of space-physics is the description of time events and time forces as space-events. Quarks as they switch colors evolve through the 3 ages of life and then die as particle-antiparticle string a new cycle of existence after extinction and renewal, the total cycle of life of the quark though is interpreted as a spatial form: 3 quarks and a meson.

Now, if we consider quarks are in space, then the minimal charge of the Universe is 1/3^{rd}, and this – physicists don’t seem to have reflected much about it – imply that electrons are composite particles, because they have 1 charge.

What is their composite? Obviously the 3 dimensions of space. That is the perception in space of a ternary fraction: 3 dimensions in space, would then imply that quarks are bidimensional vortices, similar to those of galaxies (bidimensional vortices). And thus we are again in some fundamental properties of 5D physics – bidimensionality of space and time. This brings then the nice description of the 3 colors as dimensions in space, which explains then why gluons have 2 colors, they are bidimensional ‘strings’ so to speak (here the connection with the original string boson theory) and the reader will observe that geometrically we have 8 angles to complete a cube, and they are not commutative if you turn a book with those angles. That simple is the spatial perception of it.

So finally we come to the final element of the physical reality, spin. And here is where as in the case of the weak force we do have to end our nice gauge-symmetries in fractal cyclical space-time, because we are dealing with 5D forces of evolution.

In brief, spins, magnetic moments, masses and weak forces are social evolutions of cyclical motions of time, which IS how you ‘ascend and descend’ through the scales of the 5^{th} dimension and so the actions here involved unlike the symmetries of space and time cycles in a single plane, are NOT conserved as there are reproductive social actions that emerge as new wholes, of myriad of tiny parts: Œo ∑œ<∑œ>U+1.

So neither spins nor weak forces conserve the CP symmetry of the system, which in the case of spins it means they can switch up and down, + and – and have several different values and orientations, as quantum physicists do.

So it is not an essential theme beyond the full ‘spherical cycle of boson waves (0-scalar Higgs field with no ‘loss’ of time turning around just moving faster than c-speed in lineal fashion; 1 rotary motion in a full 360 degrees for photons).

And so this brings us to the analysis of ‘symmetries in the 5^{th} dimension’, which are slightly different from the concepts, easier to grasp of space-time symmetries in the single plane.

* *

* ***THE SPACE GENERATOR SYMMETRY OF THE ELECTRONIC WORLD**

Maxwell equations describe all the actions in time and forms in space of an electric field.

Now, the previous laws have 2 formulations that define the time and space symmetries of the system, which we shall study in more detail as we advance on this post.

In the previous formulation they explain the ‘actions’ electric fields perform (as always a differential is a shorter time description, or n-1 action, ∂a, e, i, o u; an integral over time or space is a larger description either the world cycle or the simultaneous space description of the being).

Thus in a geometric sense as ‘Integrals’ of ‘space’ they explain the Space symmetry of the electric system:

Se(Magnetic loop-membrane) <ST: electric wave> Tƒ (Electric point-particle charge)

1.Tƒ: The first Gauss law as the first law of gravitomagnetism does in gravitational cosmic space-time, defines the electric ‘informative’ attractive force of the electron, that is its action of gauging information in an spherical form, as the sphere is the topology that shrinks without tearing, allowing the electron to focus the information of the external universe. It does also allows to study the social structure of an electronic field in its static form.

It does define the central point of the Electromagnetic ‘species’ and allow us to configure once more the ‘electromagnetic species, in its Œn electronic form which is self-similar to that of the light species (wave form).

In it derivative action description it does obviously represent the informative gauging quantum time moments of the charges.

- The second integral defines the Se external membrane of the electric system, its magnetic field, telling us it does not sink in a loop. Does it is the canonical definition of an external membrane that surrounds the electric charge in a lineal flow or traces a larger loop through a cyclical electric field, acting as the ‘larger, external’ membrane or entropic element of the field. In its derivative version it represents the energetic action, defensive shield of the field.

3, 4. The third and 4th equations define the intermediate region, or interaction between both, the magnetic and electric field, explaining that both ‘reproduce each other’. It is thus the ‘body-wave’ element of the electric system, which is as always, a compound of interactions between both elements. In its derivative action formalism it does explain the reproductive actions of the system, as a varying electric field creates a magnetic field and a varying magnetic field creates an electric field.

And, further on, the 4th Maxwell addition defines the creation by varying electric and magnetic fields of an electromagnetic n-1 field of the lower scale, which is THE KEY law to understand the interaction of electric and magnetic field with is lower social scales, completing in this manner the description of the system.

**The ∆->∆+1 interactions. **

It only rests to understand how ‘electric waves’ relate to the larger gravitational, thermodynamic scales. That is, how electrons collapse into the larger scales of mass (quantum wave collapse into particles), how they interact with gravitational fields (relativity description). What is the relationship between the n-electronic scale and the upper molecular, thermodynamic fields. But all those descriptions have been customarily analyzed from the perspective of the lower quantum or upper relativity theories, so it makes no sense to study them here.

There are no infinitesimals of magnetic fields? Why, simply speaking because magnetic fields ARE the membrane of the electron world, and hence are not point charges.

But by the antisymmetry of scale, we can find them at the cosmic galactic-atomic scale. This prediction seems to be confirmed with the concept of a magnetstar but requires further research.

In terms of classic mathematical physics they will tell you because it is an effect of relativity (4D metric).

In terms of scales I will tell you that it is because from 5D perspective, the magnetic field ‘brings’ as all membranes energy to the Tƒ-electronic point by connecting it with the upper gravito-magnetic field.

That is the magnetic field emerges in larger units, as membranes do (DNA is in your cells, the external protein membrane however dominates the larger skin). So magnetism exchanges energy and information, ±∆e,i, with the cosmic, gravitational field above the system.

And hence it is also the field that carries the social actions of electrons. It is the field which evolves socially electric charges into larger simultaneous, fixed spatial ordered whole configurations, both in the atom (magnetic social number that regulates the electron orbitals) and the electric flows.

When electricity though becomes ‘naked’ (superconductivity), it does expel the magnetic field (Meissner effect) to move faster taking off its ‘social structural’ membrane.

So there is another huge field (Physics is sooo large)-: The connection between the electromagnetic field, the magnetic social equations, and the gravito-magnetic equations of a weak gravitational field (Heaviside equations of gravity, which are essentially those of general relativity), which help us to understand how the arrow of motion travels downwards, from gravity into magnetic fields, the upper ‘crust’ of the electric field and how upwards the magnetic field of a mass organizes its spin and through the dragging effects fine tunes informatively the configuration of social systems.

But as always in those interactions at a certain level of ‘strength’ of the gravitational larger field magnetism disappears and the new force achieves its full classic configuration.

So the analysis of the perpendicular 5D interactions is as always an emergent process that brings us from:

-Electronic charges, into the emergence through social electric motions of magnetic membranes, to the emergence through massive moving charges of magnetic fields of planets and stars connected to the Gravitomagnetic fields – via Heaviside unification equations of gravitational space-time, and vice versa, downwards through Gravitomagnetic dragging effects, which induce rotation in smaller masses, which induce magnetic fields which induce electric fields which move electric charges.

So as always upwards information, form is created with no entropy and downwards, motion is transferred with no entropy.

The electromagnetic field is the ‘5D across planes’, field which brings us to the ∆o human pov the information of other planes, and in doing so it changes the parameters of its waves, ‘travelling across’ the 5th dimension itself. This little understood phenomena: the deformations light space-time suffers in its travel through 5D planes as it enlarges its time frequency cycles through the microscope is also a factor to be taken into account.

Why then there are not magnetic monopoles becomes clear, as in each whole, the infinitesimal is an identical, clone particle – cells in human organisms, electric charges in individual atoms. While the magnetic field is the ‘wrap around’ closed time cycle of the upper social scales of ∆-1 electromagnetic quanta.

**Multiple Spaces-Times in Matter: Atoms & Molecules**

*In the graph, both in the quantum and cosmic world the geometrical inversions between Entropy and information and its perpendicular ST fields of motion define electromagnetic fields .*

The holographic principle explains how bidimensional fields of Entropy and information come together, through perpendicularity to create 4-dimensional systems.

The perpendicularity of those fields is thus a key feature to create 4-dimensional world, and it is established by the general rule that the body will have a flat, energetic arrow of feeding and the head will have a tall, high diffeomorphic orientation, relative to the ecosystem of Entropy and form in which the entity exist.

If we consider those 2 inversions of form: lineal Entropy vs. cyclical information and flat vs. tall perpendicularity between Entropy and information systems, forces and charges /masses in the physical world, we can define many physical events as transformations of lineal waves and fields of Entropy forces into cyclical or high particles and cycles of information, whose ratios of transformation in each of the scales of the Universe are called Universal constants.

In the graph, the isomorphisms of electric and magnetic fields are defined by those relative perpendicular morphologies. The ratios of transformations of Entropy into form define some of their Universal constants: 2 perpendicular fields of magnetic Entropy and electric information define in Maxwell equations the c-constant of light, which in organic terms is the ‘reproductive constant’ of the wave of light, caused by the constant process of creation that the interaction of the magnetic, spatial body of light and its informative, electronic particles, cause.

All those processes ‘form’ the energetic, formless gravitational vacuum into electromagnetic shapes: The Maxwell screw defines a flow of Entropy that accelerates as its perpendicular, temporal vortex diminishes its spatial radius, increasing its speed; the Earth’s rotation creates a lineal flow of magnetism; while an inverse, lineal electric flow creates a cyclical, magnetic vortex.

In the graph, we can observe how the inverse properties of relative Entropy and information fields explain the why of many physical phenomena. If we add the dual structure of fractal space-time, roughly constructed by 2 membranes, our visible, Euclidean space-time, made of light and the invisible, larger sea of gravitation made of dark Entropy, with its wider Non-Euclidean topology, we can deduce all the isomorphisms of physical science and its whys with far more insight that quantum physics does.

Let us just indicate from the perspective of the whys of the arrows of time of an electron, as we did for light, some basic events of the electronic and atomic world:

– <=>: Reproductive, communicative cycles: They happen when 2 particles communicate through forces, made of small, spatial particles, called bosons, repeat their waveform in space with a reproductive speed that imprints over the energetic field of vacuum space the in/form/ation of the particle.

– Social cycles: Particles create herds=waves of moving space-time quanta (dynamic, temporal perspective) related by EXO networks (static, spatial perspective).

Social processes are all pervading in the Universe, from waves of bosons that sometimes come together into single condensates, to networks of atoms that become molecules or combined processes, such as waves of stars that form spiral galaxies.

Thus, waves and forces are spatial bosons that communicate Entropy and information between temporal particles, called fermions, either charges or masses. It is the so-called boson/fermion inversion, the fundamental equation of quantum physics:

*T _{1} (fermion particle) < *∑

*sxt (boson force) > T*

_{2}(fermion particle)Existential=generational cycles: Again, we can adopt 2 points of view about particles. If we consider each particle/wave cycle a life/death cycle, particles have very short generational cycles. If we consider the next particle/wave cycle the same particle, particles are immortal.

In any case all those cycles can be summarized and formalized specific cases of the fractal, generator equation of the 2 arrows of time, spatial Entropy and temporal information: ∑∑ ∏Tƒ.

As we grow in scales of physical form, the nature of those cycles change slightly but the basic Entropy and information morphologies that define them are maintained. Since fractal, scalar paradigm is defined by its 3 invariances, invariance of relative motions (Einstein), invariance of scales (Nottale) and invariance of topological formal Time arrows (Sancho).

Those Time Arrows or dimensions of any fractal space/time are the 4 guiding whys or wills of any entity of the Universe:

– Entropy arrows that expand form into Entropy.

– Information arrows that form Entropy into information.

– Reproductive arrows that reproduce the Entropy and form of a complementarity system in other zone of space-time.

– Social arrows that create superorganisms by associating in complex networks Non-E particles of self-similar properties. This 4th arrow of social evolution is the cause of ‘scalar relativity’, as systems are made of parts that associate in wholes, which share the functions and morphologies of its parts. Yet scales are never equal as quantum physicists pretend, only self-similar. So the properties of a galaxy made of stars and black holes, made of quarks and electrons are self-similar to those of quarks and electrons.

For example, in the next social plane that gathers atoms into molecules, the 3 main cycles of Entropy, form and the reproductive combination of both, become the 3 states of matter:

-Energetic gas state, (max. spatial extension and energetic speed).

-The balanced, reproductive liquid state, S=T, which creates the more complex forms of life.

-The 3^{rd}, informative solid age, which has temporal, informative properties (cyclical vibration, high density of form and minimal space). While the spin or temporal movement of particles that gives them mass emerges in the macro-plane of molecules as a ‘vortex’ that attracts those molecules.

*The boson-fermion equation, fundamental event of physics.*

What the boson-fermion interaction means is that both, masses and charges are accelerating vortices which produce constantly, as they decelerate, ‘fractal actions of constant speed’ and increase the curvature of space in the dimension of height, through which they emit most of those actions, as electric or magnetic quanta. In the case of an electromagnetic vortex part of its acceleration becomes also transformed in the Unruh radiation that increases the temperature of the accelerating vortex. In our macrocosmic Universe it means a friction that decelerates the vortex and increases also its temperature. In gravity the interaction of the 3 dimensions is also evident: As the G-deformation of the vortex grows, so it grows its speed and acceleration. Unification follows when we consider charge and mass merely 2 types of vortices that can be derived from a 5^{th} fractal dimension of time, that can accelerate inwards, imploding space (and then we have the arrow of gravity) or decelerate outwards widening space and diminishing curvature (then we obtain, as Kaluza did, the electromagnetic arrow).

The perception of those dimensions becomes more complex if we introduce the errors of the mind that tends to average accelerations and decelerations into constant speeds and converts speeds into static distances or spaces. We say that the mind uncoils an accelerating time dimension into a wider static field of space, or a fixed density of space-time called a mass. This is easy to understand. Take for example, the representation of those 3 parameters, space, speed and acceleration in a Cartesian system of coordinates. Space is longer: it is a length in the x-coordinates without any angle, flat. Then we raise the dimension of height/time, and obtain a diagonal, straight line that represents a constant speed. Yet because it has an angle, the line is shorter in X-space coordinates. Fact though, is that the being that has speed is in fact moving a longer length, but we have transformed that longer length into a temporal height/form in the graph. Finally acceleration is represented by a parable that finally becomes a height line and so it occupies the less quantity of X-space. Yet an accelerating being will reach the longest distance of all the 3 beings in the shorter time.

What those accelerating beings peel off as friction or radiation, or speed is called in quantum Physics an action, which is a fundamental constant in all beings. In the quantum realm the accelerating vortex produces an h-constant action of Entropy and time; in the macro physical realm it produces a Temperature or radiation as in the Unruh case. So to avoid collapsing into a singularity of infinite speed, what particle’s vortices do is to peel off h or T actions, modes of constant speed, made of Entropy and time. So we can move from the Equivalence Principle of Relativity to the Gauge and Action principles of quantum physics.

*Conclusion*

Thus in physical space all what exists are 4 motions of time, and those 4 motions define a Universe in perpetual motion, perpetually creating and destroying organic systems of Entropy and information.

Yet because the physical Universe is the simplest of all systems, its main event is a transformation of Entropy into information, of vacuum space into vortex-like masses and charges, which cannot be reduced further. And so the simplest ‘events in time’ or ‘types of change/arrow of motions’ in the Universe are lineal energies that move (boson forces) and cyclical forms that turn around, storing information in their patterns of form and frequency.

And this explains why the boson/fermion inversion is the main law of quantum events and why E<=>M(t)c^{2} is the main law of the mass membrane. And we write it also as feedback equation since in physics Entropy/information events are reversible. So in the same manner Entropy can curl into mass, mass can explode into Entropy.

Indeed, if we depart from pure lineal motion or entropy (perceived statically as extension or space), then by ‘curling’ and ‘warping’, we can obtain cyclical forms (masses and charges), in the same way that by crunching a paper we obtain warps, angles of form. This primary event, E->O, diminishes the space, extension, lineal motion or speed (self-similar concepts) of space and increases its form. Thus, we obtain from Entropy ->Information. While the 2^{nd} causal arrow of that feedback equation explains the destruction of form and creation of Entropy, I->E, which is the ultimate meaning of the big-bang and all other mini-big bangs (novae, supernovas, beta-decay, Bombs) of the physical world of matter.

Reason why Einstein said that ‘time warps space into masses’ – meaning that Entropy curls into cyclical vortices of mass – while Darwin said that ‘Time evolves the morphology of life beings’; and deduced first the equation M=E/c^{2 }even if the Atomic bomb made more famous the destructive inversion

*Recap*. All the events of quantum particles can be explained as events Generated by the fractal equation of spatial Entropy (boson waves) and temporal information (fermion particles).

**Physical constants are Entropy/form ratios of space-times.**

Universal constants show ratios of Entropy, form, and ST=reproduction of space-time membranes. So they can all be written as partial equations of the Generator Equation of spatial Entropy and temporal information: SPe<ST>Tif.

The relationship between the Constants, O & e of those space-time membranes or ‘forces’ is a simple rule, known to physicists as the Law of Range: Max. E = Min. O and vice versa, which is a particular case of the inverse properties of Entropy and form.

In the widest ecosystem of physics and its 2 gravitational and light space-time membranes, those Universal constants are related to the informative density and spatial distance of the vortices of masses, charges and lineal flows of forces of those 2 membranes.

Because there are 2 membranes of space-time, the light space-time membrane we see and the dark, gravitational, bigger, faster space-time membrane we don’t see, the Universal constants of both membranes are different. This means that black holes and quarks beyond the event horizon keep accelerating faster than light, and the Entropy they expel through their poles, called dark Entropy is also faster than light, which is the limit of speed of our membrane of space-time, light. Thus, the specific physical constants used to describe the e/o ratios of the vortices of Entropy and form of the cosmological and quantum world of masses and charges differ in value, as they express those different Entropy/form ratios. Yet since there is invariance of topological form, the only difference between electromagnetic and gravitational fields will be the extension/speed in space of its forces and the informative frequency of its vortices of temporal information that will give us different Universal constants, which are ratios that measure the speed of transformation of spatial Entropy into cyclical frequency. Thus we write a generic, topological, invariant equation for all space-times which will differ in its specific Constant (T/S):

*F = UC (Tiƒ/Spe) Mm (t) /Dd (s)*

*Recap*. We measure universal constants as ratios between the frequency of a mass/charge or in-form-ative volume of the particle and its spatial distance. And so the faster the frequency of the ratio and the smaller the spatial extension, the stronger the Universal constant will be and the faster the exchanges of Entropy and form between the particles/vortices will happen. It results in 3 forces: the gravitational, macrocosmic force, the electromagnetic force and the strong microcosmic force of increasing strength and speed of rotation as we diminish our size.

**Forces & particles of the 2 universal membranes**

*In the graph, the Universe is made of 2 space-time membranes, the light world of charges and stars and the string world of quark masses and black holes. We live in the electromagnetic scales, which form a network whose dark spaces are occupied by quarks (∆-1 inner world of atoms), and in the biggest eusocial structures we know of electromagnetic matter (∆+1 galaxies) by black holes, whose parameters correspond to top quark condensates.*

*The basic forces that create distance-space and information between them are boson strings of gravitation condensed into gluons and strong forces in the quark-mass membrane and Planck actions of light, condensed into photons in the electromagnetic scale. Those gluons and photons herd further into cyclical particles made of such fractal parts, associated into cyclical networks, called quarks and electrons. Self-similar structures form the nebulae of stars called galaxies, and the condensed of quarks called black holes. The only error of such standard model, reflected in the previous graph is the weak force which is not a spatial force but describe time events of transformation of particles between both scales.*

The 2 membranes of space-time have 2 theories that must be put together to explain the dual Universe:

– Quantum theory that describes the electromagnetic membrane, not the cosmological world. Both are self-similar (as we have shown with the equation of fractal unification), but not equal. Thus, while we can admire that self-similarity, the use by quantum cosmologists of quantum equations to describe the cosmological world is erroneous.

– Relativity, the theory of gravitational forces and black holes, which are super fluid quark stars. And so it should be fusion with the theory of strong forces and quark masses.

Since each of those scales has also a fractal structure, we have to define its fractal quanta:

-Masses are vortices that grow from string actions (Nambu’s actions of boson, tachyon strings corrected to fractal dimensions and background independent.) Those motions reproduce and evolve into gluons, which are the fractals that evolve into quarks, vortices that are the fractal parts of quark stars.

Since our electrons surround those quarks, locking them inside charges must be fractal vortices with a larger number of dimensions than those bidimensional masses. So 3 bidimensional quarks of 3×1/3^{rd} =1 charge must lock their mass in the x,y,z planes to enter in a 3-dimensional exchange of Entropy and information with the electrons of our light-space. So quark masses attract electrons with their gravitational force inwards, and electrons shield themselves with their electromagnetic force outwards. The balance of that tug of war is a complementary atom.

In that regard the entanglement of both membranes is dynamic and based in the network structure of non-Euclidean spaces in which its points are connected by ‘lines of communications’ which are waves of smaller particles; leaving in between dark spaces which allow the other membrane to entangle itself; as it happens with the blood/reproductive and nervous/informative network of a human vital space. In the case of the 2 membranes of space-time the membrane of dark Entropy/matter (gravitational membrane) plays the role of the nervous/informative network that connects the blood/electromagnetic network.

We talk of 2 space-time networks, defined by 2 spatial forces – lineal strings of gravitation and lineal waves of light – and 2 clock-vortices of time: gravitational masses and electronic charges.

The emergence of those st-1 worlds into the st+1 scale of galactic entities (where we are the st-relative intermediate scale sandwiched between both) is caused by the eusocial evolution of enormous quantities of those fractal units: vortices of quarks made of ‘strong’ forces, whose fractal particles are gluons, gather together as fractal parts of quark stars, pulsars and black holes.

While our world – the light space we inhabit – is sandwiched between quarks and galaxies

Its smallest actions are h-Planck constants, which are the fractal parts that form light photons, which are the fractal parts gathered into an electron nebulae, the basic clock of time of our world, whose plasma herds (ionized state), associated with complementary protons creates the world stars. Finally vortices of star herds form galaxies, which turn around their Kerr black holes, and so are self-similar st+1 objects of the st-1 atoms positioned in space by the gravitational force of the central quarks.

Thus, the invariance of topological form and scale of all those vortices that makes macrocosms emerge from microcosms is caused by the complementary structure of its central mass vortices that anchor the electronic and star Entropy of our light membrane:

Quarks anchor atoms and black holes anchor galaxies.

*Recap*. Our space-time is made of h-quanta of light. We exist as evolved forms of a light space-time network anchored by the nuclei of atoms, made of quanta of strong forces, called gluons and quarks belonging to the gravitational space-time membrane.

**Some precisions on the formalisms of both membranes.**

A quanta, which is interpreted as an abstract, probabilistic number in quantum theory is a fractal piece of space-time, a complementary system made of bites of spatial-Entropy and bits of temporal-information. This is self-evident even in quantum theory, where Planck defined those quanta as actions with the dimension of Entropy and time.

The Universe is indeed made of actions of Entropy and time, as when we say ‘I don’t have more Entropy or time to do this’. We are not solid spatial forms, a Maya of the senses, so common among ‘naïve realist’ physicists, accustomed to touch the solid metal of their machines, but we exist in a spiritual Universe made of actions of Entropy and time, which occupy a vital space and have a time rhythm. And each of the self-similar fractal worlds/membranes of the Universe has a minimal unit or fractal quanta, a type of st- point with a different volume of Entropy and information that defines the space-time membrane.

We exist in the space-time membrane of light made of h-quanta. And its formalism, later studied in more detail is well-known to physicists (quantum physics), and requires some modifications on its interpretation to adapt it to the wider concept of fractal spaces and cyclical times (Correspondence principle).

But there is another space-time membrane of gravitational quanta, whose formalism requires more changes, since being an invisible membrane, we humans cannot use easily the experimental method to study them, especially when considering the st-1 quanta so small, in the Planck length scale that there is no way we can observe and prove our models. So we are left only with proper formalisms of its macrocosmic entities and effects, which Einstein described with general relativity.

As of two day two formalism, which require further corrections are useful to that aim: the formalism of boson, tachyon strings defined by Nambu’s actions, adapted to a background independent world (they are the actions that create the membrane, not actions that float in an abstract metric coordinates), and the use of fractal dimensions and non-Euclidean geometries, unknown to physics.

Another formalism used to describe the gravitational minimal units is the one elaborated by Nottale^{6}, whose unit is λ, lambda, also called the cosmological constant. In scale relativity, Nottale defined this constant as Λ = 1/L2, the minimal unit of the gravitational Universal membrane, where L is the minimal length of that membrane, the smallest piece of space. It is essentially a string, but string theory must overcome the error of Newtonian Absolute Space to become useful to describe the gravitational scale, as its minimal unit ‘independent of the abstract background of membrane space-time’.

Such formalism which borrows from the work of those 2 pioneers is part of the more complex ‘courses’ of Multiple Spaces-Times, beyond the scope of this introductory lectures.

The other formalism that is not completed is the formalism of weak forces, since Physicists unaware of the temporal nature of those events have tried unsuccessfully to describe it with the same spatial exchange of particles (Higgs mechanism^{7}) when weak forces are temporal events, and the W and Z particles brief states in the process of transformation of particles of our electromagnetic membrane into masses of the gravitational membrane. Reason why those forces break the symmetry – as time is not symmetric but hierarchic and why the Higgs has not been found and will never be found – it is a particle only needed if it was a weak force.

Unfortunately we cannot perceive the lambda scale of strings. But, essentially with those 2 membranes the strong gravitational world and the electromagnetic world and its 3 ±i scales, we can explain all the physical properties, events and entities of reality.

*Recap*. The formalism of the light-membrane is described by quantum physics and it is correct, except for the errors in the description of the temporal, weak force. The formalism of the gravitational membrane departs from its minimal unit, the boson, tachyon string, which must be adapted to a background independent gravitational membrane of which it is its minimal action and the fractal, finite nature of dimensions.

**The 3 scales of the 2 membranes.**

Why there are 3 main scales of social evolution in both membranes? The trivial answer is that we are always sandwiched between a lower and upper scale and so we always perceive 3 even if the number of scales might be infinite.

And so from the human p.o.v. any entity or system of Entropy and information stretches in 3 scales.

For example, your organism is basically a fractal of biological Entropy and information extended in 3 scales, cells, individuals and societies, of which you are a relative cell.

In the physical, fractal, Non-Euclidean structures of the 2 membranes of space-time, there are also 3 basic scalar structures:

A complementary atom extends on both membranes. In each of those membranes, quanta evolve and form social groups, emerging into a new topology, a higher scale of Entropy and form:

-The scale of h-quanta form light and electronic nebulae, made of dense photons.

– While its inner gravitational world of quarks can be decomposed in 3 scales: The lambda scale of ‘strings’ are the components of gluons, which are the components of quarks.

Emergence of parts into wholes of a higher scale is possible due to the other 2 invariances/dualities of physical systems: invariance of topological form and motion allows invariance of scale.

What about the cosmological world? Again we must consider that cosmological systems have 3 scales, the scale of particles, (quarks, electrons and atoms), which are the units of cosmological bodies, black holes, quark stars and electronic stars, which are the atoms of galaxies. Those 3 scales thus interact in all the organic networks of galaxies.

There might be another scale, the Universe, where galaxies are atoms of the Universe (and the Einstein-Walker model of cosmology treats them in fact as Hydrogen atoms); which would itself be a unit of a hyper-universe, whose ‘explosion’ at an even faster ‘infinite speed’ that dark Entropy, would explain the ‘inflationary age’ of the big-bang. But there is little evidence of this final scale today, and an enormous number of Pythagorean and hyperbolic errors in the formulations of the cosmological big-bang *in a single space-time continuum *to take serious that theory.

*Recap*. All what we can be sure of, is what we can perceive – the limits of our existence, sandwiched between atoms and islands-universes, the original name Kant gave to galaxies.

**Dimensions of particles and Universal membranes.**

In that sense, to fully grasp the difference between both worlds, the dark and light world, we must understand the basic isomorphisms of fractal dimensions. Dimensions are in any system of the Universe, as in the case of light, arrows of time (motions of Entropy, information and reproduction), perceived according to the Paradox of Galileo also as ‘spatial surfaces. Thus, they are always local, fractal dimensions which are limited by the extension of the ‘species’ in which those dimensions create a ‘vital space’. So dimensions are dynamic as the species they create grows or shrinks, evolves into more complex beings or becomes destroyed. Entities grow in dimensions as they grow in size.

Further on, more complex informative species ad dimensions.

This happens normally when a form is bigger and has inner particles. But in the case of quarks it happens, because the quark is faster and has more inner speed/form.

All in all, the total number of dimensions of a system is relative to our detail of analysis. For example, those quarks are made of one-dimensional strings, made of non-Euclidean points (each one with its 3 inner dimensions), which have a total of 3 × 3 dimensions (3 of their Non-Euclidean points and 3 of the string of points). That is why physicists in detail use 9+1 time dimension to study strings, but from our perspective without detail, they are just one-dimensional lines of a quark vortex.

Yet if we transcend to the world of quarks we consider them 1-dimensional. So those strings form gluons and quarks, which from our higher world are perceived as bidimensional mass-vortices.

Finally 3 color-locked quarks interact with the world of light of 3 dimensions, and the world of electrons of 4 dimensions, which are the 3 dimensions of Euclidean space and one of form, of color.

On the other hand, the biggest entities have more dimensions, as they include the smaller entities within its whole. It is the law of fractal dimensionality. It states that a fractal part of a bigger st-scale of information has fewer dimensions such as:

*Law of dimensionality: Fractal ∑∆-1 = 1/3 ^{rd} Dimensions of st*

Since any st-Point will have 3 inner dimensions. Thus the dimensions of information of any system grow with a cubic power law as the system grows in scale. In simple terms, a 3-dimensional being transcends as a mere cellular point of the new whole.

Those 3-inner dimensions, as in the case of light, are ultimately the dynamic arrows of time, or wills, or physiological networks, or organic drives of the being.

For example, a human being has 3 dimensional networks, which are our physiological systems. The blood network of Entropy, the nervous network of information and the endocrine network of reproduction. Those are the 3 systems around which cells and organs build up. So humans can be described as a 3-dimensional network with 3 wills: to absorb Entropy for our blood/ digestive system, to absorb information for our sensorial/ informative system and to reproduce through our hormonal system.

*The abstract, geometric description of dimensions is secondary to the functional, dynamic, organic meaning of those dimensions. The how is less revealing than the why. *The why of dimensional motions are the search of Entropy and information of any entity, whose paths become fixed in space and appear as dimensions. Or they are the reproductive strings of self-similar cells that form the physiological network of Entropy or information of the system.

In the quantum world, the constant exchanges of Entropy and information of the electron with the external Universe are described with 2 simple quantum numbers that correspond also to the complex actions in space-time of its cellular photons and the of time:

-The 2 first numbers describe at photonic scale, the reproduction of photons, part of the wave (main number) and its social evolution (l number). At the electronic level they define its e<=>I, Entropy level and formal structure.

-The spin number defines two clone electrons, often reproduced with different spin in a particles deocupling and the magnetic number the social organization of those electrons established by an external magnetic field. Thus those numbers describe the ‘paths’ of particles in search of its dimensional arrows of Entropy and information.

The dimensions of light are also the dimensions of the energetic/magnetic field, the informative/electric field and the reproductive length-speed, or social evolution (color/frequency).

In that regard, it is also interesting to observe the relationship between both planes, the light plane which ‘feeds’ as the lower st-1 space the dense fractal, cellular points of light of the electron. When considering the basic isomorphisms between planes of space-time we noticed that a force, st-1 of Entropy, becomes st-bits of information of the upper scale, which uses them as pixels to gauge information. Thus the magnetic, width field that acts as Entropy in light becomes the informative, electron magnetic number.

Life beings also have a dimension of height/information that is maximal in man, the most informative being of the cosmos, and a dimension of Entropy/length which is maximal in energetic predators.

*Recap*: Dimensions are morphological expressions of the arrows of time, seen as fixed forms of space.

**The corrections of quantum physics.**

*Particles and antiparticles, positive and negative charges must be explained as space-time antisymmetries, which can be seen according to the Galilean paradox, both as inverted events in time, as in the left Feynman diagram or as geometrical inversions in space (right diagrams). They are the why of most physical dualities that classic physics fails to understand.*

All the errors of interpretation of quantum physics derive also from the ignorance of the key dualities of the Universe:

-Duality of motion in time=distance in space.

-Duality of 2 space-time membranes, gravitation & light.

-Duality of wholes, made of fractal parts of a smaller scale.

-And duality of the arrows of form and Entropy natural to all complementary beings, which create 2 more complex arrows, energetic reproduction and informative, social evolution.

When we use those whys to interpret the magnificent scaffolding of mathematics and metric space times of measure built by quantum theories all becomes resolved. So we shall try to give meaning and explore the whys of quantum physics with the new tools of multiple spaces and times.

Let us then start with a basic clarification brought about by the knowledge that all cyclical patterns and forms are ‘time-clocks’ that carry the information of the species we study. This means particles are cyclical states and waves are energetic states; and cyclical properties such as spins are time-clocks that carry information while energetic states are lineal, extended forces.

The main error of quantum physics is the lack of understanding of the properties of temporal information, the cyclical nature of time and its multiple rhythms and clocks, obscured by the equalization of all those rhythms with a time-clock. This error is enhanced by the experimental limits of human instruments (uncertainty principle):

Time cycles and spatial flows cannot be differentiated in the quantum realm, as they can in the biological world, due to the minimal duration of ticks of time of quantum particles, which therefore are observed as space trajectories.

This is due to the black hole paradox: Max. Tƒ = Min. Se, which means the smaller the particle is the faster its cyclical, rotational clocks turn. So in experimental physics, you never get images short enough to ‘feel the tick’ of time. Time cycles appear as those pictures of a fast turning wheel, which seems a solid disk without motion. So particle’s cycles appear; as printed ‘images’ on the bubble chamber.

Yet once we understand the dualities and forms of time-clocks and spatial, lineal flows, there are easy ‘key elements’ to know when we are seeing ‘sequential time events’ instead of ‘spatial trajectories’. For example, systems that are ‘bilateral’, 2, are space-like, left-right. While systems that are composed of 3 elements are time-like, where each element represents the past, present and future states. So there are not 3 quarks but quarks in 3 time states/colors. And so in time the same quark changes its 3 states creating a charge of 3 x 1/3=1. More often we find that a ternary state is both, an organic structure in space and a ternary wave in time. And so the ternary topologies form the particle state, and the 3 phases of the wave represent the particle in time. 3 is thus the evolutionary limit, which explains why so many systems are ternary systems: 3 neutrinos evolve increasing information as a wave; 3 mass families are the 3 horizons of evolution of quark-masses, and so on.

Further on, particles must be classified in 2 different membranes, that of light and that of gravitation, which we do not perceive. Thus it is easy to classify those particles, as we did in previous paragraphs: the easiest criterion is its ‘visibility’. So gluons, quarks, boson strings, gravitons, black holes and neutrinos, which are not observables, are gravitational species.

Because time ‘bends Entropy into cyclical vortices’ masses or charges, depending on which of the two membranes of space-time we study (since both are self-similar as we showed by finding its unification equation), we can also differentiate the particles that are clocks of time and store most of the information in both systems (electrons and quarks), and particles which are lineal, energetic states (light and gluons).

Because the universe is in symmetric balance, as there are electric and magnetic fields in light to balance each other, and there is a repulsive, lineal electromagnetic, transversal wave and an attractive cyclical electronic particle; so there must exist an attractive, cyclical gravitation and a repulsive, transversal gravitational wave. Thus we conclude that dark Entropy is merely the transversal, repulsive gravitational waves that come out of galactic black holes.

Finally, since the formalism of temporal information is inverse to that of Entropy (meaning that Entropy moves forwards, information stops motion or reverses backwards with negative, imaginary numbers), and both cancel each other, we can distinguish, which are the parameters of Entropy and information of a field or particle.

For example, in electrons, the informative component is given by the imaginary parts of the Abelian phase of its mass field; and both fields – the real, energetic field and the informative imaginary component – are at a 90 degrees angle and when one is maximized the other is nullified. So even if our perception doesn’t distinguish both terms we can now which one carries the information of the system and which one the motion.

For the same reason the 4 quantum numbers can be easily classified as representing the 4 basic arrows of an electron:

- E:
*The principal quantum number*(*n*= 1, 2, 3, 4, …) denotes the eigenvalue of Hamiltonian (H), i.e. the Entropy. This number therefore has a dependence only on the distance between the electron and the nucleus (i.e., the radial coordinate, r). The average distance increases with n, and hence quantum states with different principal quantum numbers are said to belong to different shells. *The azimuthal quantum number*(*ℓ*= 0, 1, …,*n*− 1) (also known as the angular quantum number or orbital quantum number) gives the orbital angular momentum. In chemistry, this quantum number is very important, since it specifies the shape of an atomic orbital and strongly influences chemical bonds and bond angles. Thus it is the number that defines the form, or ‘static information’ of the system.*The spin projection quantum number*(*m*= ±½), is the intrinsic angular momentum of the electron or nucleon. This is the projection of the spin_{s}*s*= ½ along the specified axis. And it defines when a particle decouples producing two electrons, its ‘male’, ‘female’ forms, as only two electrons with inverse spin can reproduce. Results indicate that up to two electrons can occupy a single orbital – but they must be male and female, with ‘different spin’.*The magnetic quantum number*(*m**ℓ*= −*ℓ*, −*ℓ*+ 1, …, 0, …,*ℓ*− 1,*ℓ*) yields the projection of the orbital angular momentum along a specified axis. L_{z}=*m**ℓħ*.

It defines the number of electrons with clonic form but different relative orientation there can be in a shell, hence it is the ‘social arrow’ that defines the organization of a number of similar elements in the system. And also allows the system to understand an external magnetic field and organize its social evolution as a herd of electrons.

- However two electrons can never have the same exact quantum state nor the same set of quantum numbers.
- Further on, according to the isomorphisms of emergence between scales:

-The 2 energetic/informative arrows are represented by the 2 first numbers, the main number represents the reproductive wave of photons (lower scale) that shape the energetic volume of the electron as it displaces, imprinting the surface of Entropy around the nucleus. The second number represents the ‘changes in the shape’ of that electronic path, due to the absorption= feeding of a photon that evolves formally into the electron.

-Then the other 2 numbers, the magnetic number and spin mean the same for its information components: the spin represents the reproduction of two electrons, which are born with two orientations – short of the masculine and feminine sex, and the magnetic field is the language of social evolution that affects the electron as it is his ‘informative perception’ that can change the spin and orientate the electron from an external field.

This trivial explanation of the why of the 4 quantum numbers, using the theory of Multiple Spaces-Times however will be denied by most abstract physicist, for whom organicism is a taboo concept born from the anthropocentric nature of human beings and the mechanist approach to science of the founding fathers, whose memes are learned and repeated without much reflection by all texts on physics. Yet what marvels of a model of multiple, vital spaces and time arrows applied to quantum physics, is how easily data becomes structured into a ‘plan’ with meaning, explaining the whys of all previously paradoxical quantum processes.

Indeed, once those precisions are made we can truly clarify all the mysteries and meanings of the parameters of quantum physics, from spins to waves to complementarity isomorphisms, to spooky effects. For example, since a time state is an informative, *still* state with the ternary phases of time cycles and its hierarchical, non-commutative causality – given the fact that it is not the same a motion to the future (whereas Entropy becomes information) than a motion to the past (where information becomes Entropy), the meaning and mystery of spins becomes resolved:

Systems with 3 spin positions (spin number 1), are still systems and the 3 spins form a rotational clock.

Systems that are in motion have 1/2 spin number – 2 positions and they are bosons which display a spatial main lineal motion and its inverse negative ‘informative’ motion, creating a simple beat forwards, backwards. This beat is natural to all complementary systems that last, and so we find that an alternate currency of electrons is more stable and lasting than a continuous one as it has an Entropy/information beat in its motion.

Those rules of course are also useful to detect erroneous theories that cannot happen since they mix properties of time particles with spatial properties and vice versa.

For example, the Higgs cannot exist because it is a scalar boson^{7}. And by definition, a scalar field with no rotation will not act as a boson moving at light speed.

Further on a boson cannot have mass as it does not close its cyclical trajectory so it does not form an attractive vortex, reason why light and gluons don’t have mass.

The same concept applies to forces, whose range law I just an expression of the Black hole paradox (max. Entropy=Minimal information/mass). So we can distinguish forces belonging to the strong-mass membrane – gluons – and forces belonging to the electromagnetic membrane – photons. And then forces belonging to the bigger cosmic membrane of gravitation, gravitons, which are boson strings of tachyon speed.

This leaves the 4^{th} force, the weak force that has no range and time parameters that change the in/form/ation of the particle, and also breaks the symmetry of space (left-right). So it is obviously not a spatial force but a time event, which further explains why we have never found its ‘boson force’, the Higgs^{7}.

The same error invalidates super symmetry and hence all string theories except the original one, which properly understood as background independent and using fractal co-dimensions of finite size extended through several relative scales of gravitational complexity should become departing from its Nambu’s minimal action and Planck length, the proper formalism of gravitons.

Thus, while the formalisms of most quantum theories are correct all those limits of perception added to the errors of using a single clock-time and a single space, explains why so many ‘whys’ are confused in quantum physics to the point that Feynman finally said: ‘the why is what you don’t ask in quantum physics’. We do and that is what this paragraph is about: the why of the perceived phenomena of quantum physics.

Finally physicists ignore the black hole paradox so they don’t understand that protons, neutrons and all other particles do not live eternally. On the contrary their life/death cycle is their complementary cycle between informative states and energetic states, either the clock of particle/wave complementarity or the clock of particle/antiparticle, past to future and future to past cycles.

And so their existential cycles are really short. But they do not disappear because what physicists see are ‘generational waves’, given the fact that at the quantum level unlike in our informative-dominant world of biology, past to future and future to past arrows are reversible. So as a very simple jellyfish does, turning his clock backwards when it gets old and becoming young again to turn the clock forwards; particles and antiparticles go forwards and backwards and forwards in time. Bosons and electrons move forwards in energetic motions and backwards in informative motions. Light imprints once and again a photon of information that becomes an energetic wave that becomes a photon.

And so what physicists call the life of a particle is its longer generational cycle, which can last an enormous number of self-repetitions, but should neither be eternal.

Indeed, it seems that light beams and light-evolved entities (stars) have a mean cycle of 10 billion years, after which they suffer an energetic big-bang expansion – stars explode into Novae and light gets tired and expands in a redshift process, returning to its gravitational, non-local lower scale of dark Entropy. This of course explains why far away light red shifts and seems to expand space: it is dying and beyond those mean 10 billion years an increasing ‘darkness’ is observed in the Universe, which a simple Gauss curve of probabilities show to be almost absolute beyond the x+1/3^{rd} 13.3 billion years range.

Again physicists don’t see both, the dual space and time views of the Universe but only the temporal big-bang, which considers a cosmos in time failing to analyze it in space as a simultaneous system connected by non-local gravitation. So they think darkness is not caused by the spatial death of light, which they merely use as a clock of cosmic time, thinking therefore that beyond those ages we enter into a temporal darkness – and the Universe didn’t exist.

*Recap*. Quantum errors derive from the confusion of time clocks with spatial trajectories and the ignorance of the dualities of spatial Entropy and temporal information; and its rejection of organic theories of reality.

**Informative inflation: The error of multiple dimensions.**

After rejecting so many trendy theories of modern physics, I am afraid many practitioners of the ‘baroque’ age of information of quantum theories will ignore this text, so we must do further clarifications on the why of that multiplication of impossible theories.

The inflation of baroque theories of physics, which take the classic age of Metric spaces and its proper theories (Relativity and quantum physics) beyond its scope and reach, has caused many false theories without empirical proof, which try to correct and extend the metric paradigm beyond its power of resolution, without taking into account the needed corrections and widening view provided by the new tools of topology, fractal points and Non-Euclidean postulate. The main reasons of that inflation of false or unproved theories are:

– The fact that information is inflationary. This is self-evident. A language of the humankind maps out reality with far less Entropy. So it is rather easy to construct many linguistic images of a single reality, as we can find many mirror images of an object. And all of them will carry a minimal truth. But the theory that matters to us is the one that has the perfect focus with a given language. Again, if we focus an image with a camera, there would be many images similar to the object but only a point of perfect focus. So all those alternative theories with many dimensions are just half-truths, bad focused, linguistic and mathematical images of a single reality. We are however here concerned with the dimensional theory that has the perfect focus, both in logic and mathematical thought.

– A 2^{nd} problem is the Pythagorean belief that mathematics is the only language of science and any mathematical theory must be truth. This absolute belief in a language fails to recognize the limits of linguistic knowledge. And it is proper of a young language, which evolves from an age of simple, dogmatic truths to a more sophisticated baroque age. Mathematics has been applied as the ‘language of God’ to the Universe only for 4 centuries. So scientists are believers in their language with a dogmatic degree that verbal writers only practiced in earlier, religious ages, when the written word was also considered the language of God. Pharaohs would just say, ‘it is written’. And that meant it was truth. Then philosophers of language found out the relativism of all linguistic statements. And finally an inflationary age of verbal information – the age of fiction thought – has settled down after millennia of using words.

This inflationary age happened in mathematics only a century ago and the relativism of those theories was exposed by the work of Gödel. Yet the believers still rule in science and so it is a fact that Gödel has been cornered and considered a heretic both in physics and mathematics for denying that ‘God speaks mathematics’ (Galileo). It is however about time for science to accept the linguistic limits of mathematics as verbal writers accepted the meaning of fiction in verbal thought precisely when Cervantes wrote the first fiction novel of the modern age, Don Quixote. Instead, scientists must accept that after Gödel we need experimental proof to show a mathematical theory certain.

– A third source of errors is the mechanist dogma that denies organic interpretations of physics, which are self-evident as quantum probabilities in time are easily transformed into spatial population of fractal knots of electromagnetism in space (real, mass side of the phase equation.)

The denial of Hylomorphism (the opposite philosophy of the platonic pythagorism of physicists who believe mathematics are truth per se, declared by Aristotle – all informative languages must have a physical, experimental truth to be real) and the denial of organicism (complex, vital arrows in physical systems – reproductive repetitions and eusocial evolution) are so pervading in quantum physics that is truly surprising… because all the fundamental isomorphisms of quantum physics are organic in nature.

The Complementarity law requires particles of information and fields of Entropy and one cannot exist without the other. Quantum theories are called gauge theories because all require that particles gauge, measure, hence process information as perceptive beings do, in order to interact with each other. The 2 fundamental particles, electrons and quarks constantly reproduce jets of new particles, hence they absorb Entropy. And finally all particles evolve socially into more complex systems, as cells do in organisms. So those are the same 4 arrows of time of all fractal systems of the Universe, which in mathematical, quantum equations are expressed through the different quantum numbers; as those informative/energetic processes take place in orbital paths and through the emission and absorption of electromagnetic Entropy and form.

Fact is we do not see 10-dimensional hyper-strings around us, because dimensions are diffeomorphic, fractal and attached to a temporal function/arrow. And they are topological and so in a 4 dimensional Universe there are only 3 topologies, 2 bidimensional substances, Entropy and form (Holographic Principle) that combine to create finite vital spaces with a time duration – the entities of reality. And that structure is enough to explain all systems.

Only then departing from such fractal 4-dimensional beings, we can build another plane of more extended dimensions in which each beings is a point of a bigger network of spacetime.

Further on, the 3 dimensions of time change, past-present and future parallel to the 3-topologies of space, energetic planar membranes, cyclical present, reproductive volumes and hyperbolic informative centers create harmonies of forms and functions, which have to be study with the rules of causality and logic, considering always the Galilean paradox: motions in time are equivalent to dimensional forms in space.

In its simplest creative processes, those logic chains and dualities mean that dimensions grow in time as points displace creating lines, lines displace creating planes, planes displace creating cubes, and cubes displace creating momentum, mv, where v becomes the 4^{th} dimension, as the cube moves tracing the first trajectory of a bigger plane of existence.

And the same process describes a point that becomes a cycle that rotates into a bigger sphere that moves along a new cyclical trajectory, creating a 4^{th} new dimension of a bigger plane.

So a 4-dimensional cube is not the fancy cube of hyper-dimensional geometry but a 2 dimensional plane of space or cycle of information that grows in height as a flat sheet of Entropy reproduces its form, or rotates cyclically and then, moved along a temporal path, with v or w lineal or cyclical speed.

We then obtain a translating cube. Since reality follows the dimensions of normal time and space, not the hyper cubes of idealized mathematics.

What truly happens is that a wave or form that displaces along a given path reproduces its form, its information, creating, reproducing a new dimension, which first is measured as speed and then leaves a solid trace behind. So when we emit a ray of light, light imprints and forms gravitational space creating a form with a new dimension of length. Only recently, physicists used this common sense definition of dimensionality in String Theory: where a string moves along a perpendicular path creating a plane and then again creating a cube of pure space.

In that regard, physicists’ role is not to invent mathematical fantasies but to *limit mathematical models to the physical reality in which the inflationary information of mathematics is restricted by the resistance of Entropy to acquire complex forms.*

*So only certain efficient geometries and topologies exist, and the enormous numbers of imaginary, unstable particles do not matter, as the inflationary universe keeps creating forms but few survive.*

Thus good physics describe only what reality shows: the constant, discontinuous, growth and extinction of dimensional beings, which can be seen as fixed forms or in movement (so a wheel spinning or a planetoid circling Saturn might seem a fixed dimensional form, when observed without detail). Yet once the 3 dimensions of space are filled up, the object will create moving, translation dimensions as its trajectories shape new cycles, or it will create real dimensions of form, if it reproduces in ‘biological radiations’, growing from micro-forms into macro-forms.

In both cases we would see how the object ads a new dimension that enlarges its world. For example, imagine a 3-dimensional living sphere, a cell. As it reproduces, it fills now a macro-dimension and after multiple processes of dimensional reproduction, it will create a macro-organism that has 6 dimensions, the 3 of microcosmic, cellular space, and the 3 of macrocosmic organic space.

Then again, if that individual organism, the first of its species, multiples, and organizes itself into a society, an ant-hill or a human society, it will expand in macro-macro space, again filling up 3 bigger macro-macro dimensions of space, till reaching 9 dimensions, whose growth can be measured as a t-duration with lineal time, giving us 9 (classic space) + 1 (lineal time) dimensions in ‘classic physics’. In this manner because space-times are fractal, moving geometries and dimensions are finite processes of reproductive growth, when we talk of multiple dimensions we don’t have to invent spatial geometries, and follow Minkowski’s definition of time as a spatial dimension, but just describe reality, as it is, and consider each movement or reproduction of form with a certain frequency, a dimension of time. In those terms, many ‘mysterious’ objects of the physical universe described mathematically with multiple dimensions, conceptually ill-defined, become now real, complex space-time fields, extended across fractal spaces from micro-worlds to macro-worlds, as your 9+1 dimensional organism extended in 3 scales, from cells to individuals to society, is.

Such 9+1 dimensional strings (expressed in lineal time and classic Euclidean space) are thus an error due to the ignorance of the Galilean Paradox: dimensions are initially moving and reproductive cycles of times perceived as fixed forms and distances. Yet those dimensions are dynamic, since they grow and occupy a volume creating new macro spaces – the fractal scales of reality – from microcosmic photons to macrocosmic galaxies.

For example, a moving photon-point reproduces a bidimensional line/wave, which wobbles upwards and creates finally a 4 dimensional macro-space of light with length-speed, electric height, magnetic width, and frequency-rhythm. In the same way a cycle of time can rotate upwards and sideward becoming a 4-dimensional mass or charge also with length, height, width and rhythm. A 5 dimensional object would then be a mass creating a new, lineal trajectory, giving birth to 5-dimensional, lineal momentum (a mass moving in a line); or a 5 dimensional rotating mass with angular momentum. Thus, reproductive movements and rotations create dimensions, which give origin to a growing fractal reality of repetitive, scalar forms – the vital reality we see. Unfortunately, in XX C. Physics, since Minkowski’s invention of a spatial, 4^{th} dimension of time, most of the dimensional work done in physics is just about fancy mathematical objects, which have little to do with the real n-dimensional, space-time.

All languages are inflationary. So in the same way ‘hair is blue’ and ‘hair is green’ are 2 beautiful sentences, however false, physicists can create all kind of fanciful geometries, however false. Fact is reality doesn’t have 10, not even 4 continuous fixed, space dimensions, but it is constructed with fractal, scalar dimensions that grow from micro to macro worlds.

So we should apply 2 fundamental isomorphisms of scientific truth, the Occam principle (truth is the simplest explanation of reality) and the experimental method (truth is a description of real phenomena) to the problem of multiple dimensions. Reality is not born out of the complex geometry of 9 dimensional continuous spaces. Its complexity grows with the creation of dimensions that start as the temporal, reproductive movement of a form that becomes a fixed structure of space, and again reproduces its movement in time or inversely extinguish its dimensional form. Yet since those dimensions are limited, fractal dimensions they end when the wave ends its reproduction or the particle ends its movement – so they can be increased ad infinitum as the form grows into new macroforms.

-Such fractal, scalar nature also implies that we should always consider the interaction of both membranes, gravitational and electromagnetic membranes, instead of trying to simplify them. In that sense, physicists try to unify the micro-world of electro-magnetism and the macro-world of gravitation, without realizing they are 2 different scales of the Universe: to unify them is like trying to unify the existence of human beings and their macro-scale of societies; or the properties of cells and the ecology of its macro-organisms with the same equations/isomorphisms of behavior. What is relevant is to explain the relationships and self-similar isomorphisms of invariance that happen between those scales.

All in all what this means is that the holy grail of present physics, the scalar boson with a new field never found on Nature, the Higgs, and the super symmetric inflation of background dependent, 10 plus dimensional strings don’t exist. And an enormous number of virtual, unstable particles don’t live long enough to be relevant except as failed games of the inflationary game of reproduction of fractal information. So once we have limited the theme of our inquire to what is real – stable particles described by classic quantum numbers – in the realm of evolved light-space forms, and quantum gravitation (strong force and its boson strings, gluon and quarks), which is what quantum theory studies we can go on illuminating its whys with the tools of multiple spaces and times.

*Recap*. Information is inflationary, so it is the mathematical language, whose enormous number of possible theories about reality must be contrasted with the experimental method and the logic principles in which existence is based. But physicists are ‘Pythagorean’, so they cannot accept truths, which are not written with mathematical equations. This means till modern times despite Gödel’s work about the errors of mathematical equations; they have ignored the isomorphisms of information and morphological change. Unfortunately many of such simple solutions will require time to be adopted, as there is in a Universe of inflationary information, many ill-devised theories based in the faulty, previous paradigm of metric spaces, whose practitioners will have a hard time to abandon.

**Whole and parts: quantum waves.**

There is finally the problem of jargons, which is especially difficult when dealing with quantum physics, which is the less understood in conceptual terms of all the scales. As IT IS THE CLEAREST CASE OF ANTHROPOMOPRHIC, OBSERVER’S HUMAN POINT OF VIEW, analysis since Ptolemy, due to the self-centered ego-centered Germanic idealist culture that discovered it. Some examples of this needed translation following Einstein’s wishes:

- Uncertainty principle: h is the minimal space-time being of the perceived light space-time Universe, it is NOT an abstraction, but an angular momentum, a cycle of time, enclosing a vital space with energy, hence a unit of energy and Time, and Se x Tƒ, ‘FINITESIMAL’. So of course, there is always a remnant H, and H is the cellular unit of future creation of more complex social particles. Thus we shall call it Planckton, by analogy with the minimal unit of the trophic pyramid of sea life. Now, Heisenberg merely tell us that because the observer will always find this remnant to observe, and on top it will destroy it as it measures-absorbs its energy and information, it will be delocalized on position, or energy-momentum. He does explain it from the perspective of the observer, which is like a whale telling us that the ‘tasting’ of Planckton has the uncertainty of tearing it before tasting it.
- Wave-particle duality, which are just the balanced ST and Tƒ states, which are preferred to move (ST state) in a steady speed or to gauge information, with its inward accelerated motion. Wave state is further preferred as any ‘group’ knows, when motion or defensive state. So an army, a school of fish or flock will always be in wave state when moving and particle tight formation when attacked by a predator or enemy army. This duality of all scales also explains why in small slits, the wave moves through several slits and appears at the other side’s screen as a wave.
- Fractal nebulae, they are not probabilities in time, but as Schrodinger explained, density of populations in space, as we do see a simultaneous picture of them all in a single still, so it is the perception of the electronic wave at its ST level, under the symmetry of time or space perception, events as probabilities or fractal populations, both studied with the same statistical ‘bell-curves’ and Gaussian tools.
- Spooky entanglement, which deals with the fact that most motions and information transfers required the translation in a lower faster Se x Tƒ = k scale of the 5th dimension. So as chemical cells often transfer information through faster electric neurons of a different 5D plane of existence; or as we do talk through faster invisible phones despite being verbal beings, information between particles transfer through the non-local, lower gravitational scale of ‘dark energy’, making possible entanglement, and simultaneous, immediate perception of information, which we do not see as it is transferred in a relative infinite speed, v=S/Tƒ= Se/0 gravitational perceived information = ∞ speed.

Now, we deal with the full translation of all spooky quantum effects to the isomorphic laws of T.œ in other parts of the blog. Some are that simple to translate in organic terms, some are caused by the asymmetry of 5D arrows, which causes more information in lower scale – hence the sum over histories and use of functional operators, to meet so much information, and the impossibility in this introductory post to get into detailed mathematical physics on quantum theory (only the simpler equations of upper scales of less information, mechanics and partially thermodynamics, will be translated).

The number of facts we shall explain with those isomorphic functionals is as in all other systems studied in this blog enormous – namely when/if the 4th line of the blog is finished, ‘all’ the facts of physical states/systems will be derived from them.

Thus all analysis of a single plane must be though combined with the 5th dimension duality of infinitesimals and wholes, so we can then define as the particle, the fractal, condensed, organic function of the wave, Tƒ, position, mostly around a fixed quark-gravitational points; then the herd, loose state, reached most often when in motion as an electronic herd and then the wave-field of light. So an electron is a condensed state of a wave of dense h-Planck light space-time fields, and this explains their behavior in quantum fields similar to that of any herd that moves loosely in any scale and becomes a knot in a static, solid crystallized form or when in defensive mood. So the army becomes a ball and the school of fishes and the electronic wave when defied by an enemy, predator or high energy human observer’s ray-bomb:

Fields, waves and particles are the ternary symmetry of physical spaces in its Se-field, Tƒ-particle and ST-wave states. As such they are the main protagonists of mathematical physics. And its evolution into each other by increasing the frequency, that is the speed of the Tƒ, time vortex is shown in the graph above.

It thus rests to study the isomorphism of physical actions to fully grasp the meaning of physics, and then study in more detail those isomorphic, frozen species, the atoms, the galaxy and in between matter states.

*An electron is a herd of photons that gathers into a particle or expands as a wave, depending on which strategy maximizes its survival and movement, as a school of fishes does in front of a predator. The herd even splits its ST fields (P _{1}, P_{2}) when it finds an obstacle and later merges back those space and time fields into a compact form. Yet Physics ignores the bio-logic strategy of the electron and uses a probabilistic explanation of the wave/particle principle to keep its mechanist ideas on matter.*

*It also ignores that the 2 components of an ‘Abelian’ Phase space, which defines the mass-field of the electron, are an energetic and informative component (the imaginary number) since its concepts of space-time are still monist, continuous, ‘infinite’.*

The units of both membranes, the gravitational and electromagnetic membrane are time actions, ST, product of the minimal spatial Entropy and cyclical time of both membranes. Here due to our limited space we shall not study the gravitational membrane, whose minimal quanta of lambda length and Planck time creates a lineal and cyclical string, or action of gravitational time; which becomes a gluon/neutrino wave in the next scale and then a quark wave.

We shall consider only some aspects of the self-similar wave of light bosons (h-plankton or ‘photons’) that condensate in cyclical phase space forming a De Broglie mass-wave, or electron whose pattern is defined by the real, lineal energetic component and imaginary, informative, height-dimension of its algebraic equations.

What is the ‘it’ that Schrodinger & Dirac equations describe? The duality between a whole and its fractal parts explains the nature of Physical Actions, microscopic quanta of Entropy and time that any physical vortex emits or absorbs to communicate with its environment, complete its existential cycles and stabilize its accelerations: Actions are projections of the form of a given being in the external Universe, achieved thanks to the use of Entropy that ‘translates’ in space its in-form-ation:

*Present Macro-Organisms (∆) -> Micro-Actions (∆ _{-1})*:

*Max.E x Max.Tƒ (Organism)-> **Σ** Min. e x ∏ Min.Tiƒ (Action)*

*Σ**ST=K*

Both, in organisms and actions the arrows of Entropy and information merge in constant ‘presents’ – systems that exist longer *precisely because *their Entropy and information* are* in balance. A present organism is a cellular system with 2 poles – one dominant in Entropy or relative body/field, and one dominant in information, or relative head/particle, which constantly relate to each other by exchanging small bites and bits of Entropy and information, called actions*, Min. **Σ**S x Tƒ=K*.

A physical action, defined by the specific equation of a Universal action applied to the scale of electromagnetism, writes also ExT=K(h). Where Entropy and Time are inverse functions, whose product is always a balanced constant. Thus as inverse functions the growth of one of those 2 elements E or T means the diminution of the other. From where Physicists deduce a series of fundamental isomorphisms of physics, studied in detail in the non-abridged version of this book (Heisenberg Principle, Law of Force ranges, etc.)

The same law applies to any Universal action. For example, humans who process biological information sleep in absolute zero movement-space. They maximize information by minimizing Entropy. So happens with thinkers, which are quiet people when reflecting upon information, or informative chips which occupy little space and work better in coldness.

The exchanges of actions between beings resolve the paradox Leibniz encountered in his analysis of Space-time monads: how the different space-time beings communicate each other, creating the networks and complex systems we observe in the Universe? The answer is through microscopic actions.

Actions are microscopic ‘cells’ of the bigger organism – in terms of cyclical time, they are minimal frequencies, compared to the complex, bigger organism made of knows of multiple events), the duality of macro-knots of frequencies and individual actions define a fractal Universe organized in scales or ‘planes’ of space-time of different size and temporal duration. Any organism, in that sense, extends in 3 ±i relative planes of size and duration.

The natural St plane, for example, in the human case, our individual scale of existence; the microscopic, cellular plane, in which the Entropy and information of any entity’s action develops. In the human case, it is the cellular scale, which provides the Entropy and information for our actions. And finally, the social macroscopic, +st plane, in which the individual is often a microscopic action, part of a whole mass that performs a social cycle. So humans gather in masses that perform social actions that change their macroscopic scale, nation or civilization – while particles gather in waves and life beings in herds.

Thus, all organisms combine their S x T actions in knots we call cells, which gather together in constant species, creating an ∞ variety of relative Space-time beings, perceived simultaneously together as a present, continuous Universe.

Any entity in the Universe extends across 3 relative scales, the minimal scale of ‘actions’ of Entropy and time, the scale of cellular knots in which multiple cyclical actions gather together, and the scale of organisms and ecosystems made of multiple cells.

In those 3 cases reality is dynamic, as all those scales are made of moving cycles and fields of Entropy and time, despite the fact that we might see them as static forms.

The platonic, mathematic paradoxes of Quantum Theory can be explained in organic terms. Since, as Einstein said God doesn’t play dices and the Universe is not a mathematical probability but a dual, biological and geometrical game of herds and wholes.

The experimental proofs of quantum physics back organicism, in the image, the wave/particle behavior self-similar to that of organic herds, and a picture of an electron, which has the form of a nebula of fractal micro-points, self-similar to the whole.

We understand quantum waves and particles in terms of the structural duality of a Universe made of organic wholes or ‘particles’ that can be observed in its st_{-1}, lower plane of existence as a wave of cellular, fractal, quantum parts.

In the graph, the wave-particle duality shows that physical particles behave in an organic form: an electron wave explodes into its multiple quanta (which seem to be ‘cellular’ condensates of st_{-1} photons) as it reaches a thin barrier in order to cross it. Light also divides itself into a herd of photonic quanta when it passes a slit.

In fact, fractal particles split their spatial and temporal fields, SxT when passing those apertures. Then sometimes they successfully mix both fields back together recreating the electron and sometimes fail to do that. Hence there are 2 possible solutions to the previous event, which fractal physics express as a quadratic probability when the electron reconstructs itself (sxt) or a null probability (s¹t) when it doesn’t; and we explain as a biological process. Further on, since life is caused by the social organization of cells into a higher plane of existence, those wave/particle fluctuations can be explained as particles that ‘die’ and ‘resurrect’ constantly.

The biological nature of those events is even clearer in the inverse process: when a spatial force, for example, light, comes closer to an informative, complex particle like an electron it evolves into a cellular, compact form – a dot of the photonic nebulae of the electron that integrates itself as a ‘probabilistic point=cell’ of the electron. On the other hand, when a researcher hits with a high Entropy beam an electronic wave, it collapses into a particle, as a school of fish clumps together in front of a bigger predator.

*Recap*. Physicists say that the wave solutions of the space-time field collapse, affected by the observer. It is the abstract, statistical way of saying that a wave of light is a herd of h-quanta, which evolves, imploding its form when it is absorbed by an electron of higher form. Yet the why of that how is biological, not ‘mathematical’, since as Einstein put it in his critique of a probabilistic interpretation of quantum waves, ‘God doesn’t play dices’.

**Identical Particles.**

Bohmian mechanics can be formulated for identical particles, despite a fact that could be felt to contradict their indistinguishability, namely that the particle trajectories in R³ determine “who is who” at different times, i.e., select a one-to-one association between the N points at any time t1 and the N points at another time t2. Taking the notion of a particle seriously, as one should in Bohmian mechanics, one recognizes that the configuration space for N identical particles is best regarded as the manifold of all sets of N points in physical space R³. This manifold has non- trivial topological properties, as its fundamental (homotopy) group is isomorphic to the group of permutations of N objects. On such manifolds there arise several versions of Bohmian mechanics corresponding to the different 1-dimensional representations of the fundamental group; for the permutation group, there are two such representations, corresponding to bosons (with symmetric wave functions on the covering space R³N) and fermions (with anti-symmetric wave functions). Thus, Bohmian mechanics lends support to the modern view that the symmetrization postulate emerges as a topological effect, due to the non-trivial topology of configuration space.

**Quantum Equilibrium Hypothesis.**

This is the assertion that whenever a system has wave function ψ then its configuration is (or can be taken to be) random with probability distribution |ψ|². Equivariance implies that this hypothesis is consistent with the time evolution of isolated systems, and it is not hard to show that it is also consistent with the time evolution if the system is not isolated, provided we take ψ to mean the conditional wave function. An important consequence of the quantum equilib- rium hypothesis is the empirical equivalence between Bohmian mechanics and quantum mechanics: For every conceivable experiment, whenever quantum mechanics makes an unambiguous prediction, Bohmian mechanics makes exactly the same prediction. Thus, the two cannot be tested against each other.

The quantum equilibrium hypothesis follows from *typicality*: As shownusing the law of large numbers, results of experiments are as predicted by the quantum equilibrium hypothesis for typical initial configurations Q(t0) of the universe relative to the |Ψt0 |² distribution, i.e., for the overwhelming majority, counted using the |Ψt0|² distribution, of the initial configurations.

**Operators.**

Given that it makes the same predictions as quantum mechanics, what is the status in Bohmian mechanics of the non-commuting operators of the quantum formalism (the self-adjoint “observables”), with which the predictions of quantum me- chanics seem exclusively concerned? The answer is that operators do in fact arise nat- urally in Bohmian mechanics, but with a different meaning than the one attributed to them in orthodox quantum mechanics (which regards them as more or less the same thing as their classical counterparts: as “observables” that can be “measured”).

Instead, operators in Bohmian mechanics are mathematical tools encoding statistics. Let us explain.

The statistics of the random outcome Z of an experiment in a world governed by Bohmian mechanics on a system with wave function ψ can be shown always to be of the form (in Dirac notation)

Prob(Z = α) = ⟨ψ|E(α)|ψ⟩

where E(α) is a suitable positive operator. (Together, the E(α) form a positive-operator- valued measure,.) In relevant cases, E(α) is a family of projection operators which are mutually orthogonal (a projection-valued measure, or PVM), and thus corre- spond to the one self-adjoint operator

A =∑αE(α), which, by the spectral theorem, contains precisely the same information as the PVM E(α).

Thus, operators encode the functional dependence of the outcome statistics on the system’s wave function ψ. With this understanding, which is opposite to thinking of operators as representing quantities whose values can be “measured,” it is no longer surprising that one cannot associate actual values with all “observables” in a consistent way.

With this understanding, contextuality is not surprising either, since it no longer means that the same quantity can choose different values depending on what happens to another system, but rather that, unspectacularly, different experiments can have the same statistics.

**Populations vs. Probabilities: Fractal, Quantum Particles.**

We have now a general, simplified overview of the arrows of time and the topologies of space, which can be applied to resolve some of the basic riddles of quantum physics.

The first fact we must define, once the arrows of time are understood in its dualities, morphologically in space and dynamically as a series of events in time, is the duality of any physical system, composed of a relative energetic, past event/force and a relative informative, future event/particle. If we see reality fixed in space it will appear as a force/particle system; if we see it moving in time, it will appear as a relative energetic past wave that evolves and devolves constantly into a relative future particle of information. Our choice of reality as fixed or moving, in space or time is merely a question of the mind and how it perceives, according to the Paradox of Galileo, which stated that the Earth moves and doesn’t move, depending on our choice of perception. This is the solution to the quantum paradox of uncertainty.

Further on, in physical systems there is not at first sight an apparent dominant arrow of future, since we are making spatial pictures of them. That is why quantum physicists often confuse temporal events with spatial forces (such as the weak event or the mass-clocks that Higgs describes with spatial forces and particles).

They also don’t realize of the anti-symmetry of time and believe that moving forward in time (life arrow) is the same that moving backward (the death arrow). For the same reason Physicists confuse anti-particle events with particles in space – when they are 2 arrows of time of the same entity. All this happens because a cycle of space-time in electrons and particles is just too short and so physicists often make pictures of the entire event/life & death of the particle. So the particle life and antiparticle death is confused with a spatial cycle when in fact it establishes also an order of time, between life as a particle and death as an antiparticle.

The same life-death cycle happens when a particle dies and explodes back in a wave similar to star big-bang.

Tƒ make it all more confusing, physicists ignore the duality of the ages of time that become organs in space of a fractal organism. So sometimes a wave is the death of a particle but sometimes it is the spatial, organic energetic field, over which the particle/head exists as a complementary organism.

Only when all those dualities are understood, we can re-classify and re-order in a systematic manner all the forces, events, particles and systems of quantum physics in a complex, clear pattern.

In organic terms, the wave of a quantum system is the reproductive body of the system and the particle its informative state and both co-exist together (Complementarity system) as a dual system, whose energetic limbs are the fields of forces that displace the system.

Like life systems, particles have an order called the life/death cycle, first dominated by the arrow of information through the 3 life ages and then exploded into death by the arrow of Entropy. Thus physical systems do have temporal causality and anti-symmetry: they exist first slow as informative particles and then die fast in big-bangs as anti-particles or as disordered waves. Because the relationship between the informative-time speed of a system is related to its spatial size (ExTi=k), by the chip/mouse/hole paradox (smaller chips calculate faster), we can consider that the particle/wave duality or the particle/antiparticle duality are; when observed not as fixed space or dual organisms, but as casual events in time, the life cycles of physical matter, which are extremely short, as they are extremely small. In other cases though, they are part of a complex topological organism, acting as body, Entropy and form of a ternary Non-Euclidean structure:

_{Relative Entropy=past (Entropy field)}*<Body/Wave: present> ^{Future=information=particle}*

In the previous equation, we added a bidimensional representation to the standard feedback wave: The information or future particle is as the relative past Entropy field, far less observable that the present body wave that mixes both, Entropy and information to create the combined field, reason why the phase space of a mass wave is not easily perceivable. The key to differentiate both types of entities, past and future, Entropy and form, motion and stop, E<=>I, as separate entities are the inverse properties of time that the present merges in a holographic form.

Thus, we distinguish for each ternary creation and form, the whole system and then its energetic parts more visible in space and its informative events more durable in time.

The symmetry between time and information on one side and its inverse symmetry between Entropy and space on the other, for the experiences theorist who fully grasp the isomorphisms of multiple times and spaces is the most revealing tool to classify reality and understand its events and isomorphisms as specific sub-equations of the generator of space and time.

Most dual particles are not spatial but transformational particle/antiparticle events of short duration and most bosons are wave /particle generational events, as they constantly switch between its big bang wave event and particle state. And so we write the anti-symmetry of time in those physical systems as a duality, a temporal, past to future life/death, informative particle/big bang cycle:

_{Big Bang arrows (energetic, expansive state)}<*Dual system*> ^{Big crunch (informative state)}

All those different spatial, ternary systems and dual events happen in all the scales of the Universe, the quantum scale, the solar scale, the galactic scale and perhaps a higher scale of relative Universes made of cellular galaxies, in increasing time lengths. So we write for the Universe at large:

_{Past Expansive dark Entropy}<Steady state:present cosmos>^{Future Implosive Galaxy}

Thus in that cosmological scale the galaxy follows a generational cycle from the big-bang to the big-crunch, through a steady state of minimal creation of mass, in which we live.

If we were to observe in absolute detail two photons in 2 cycles, probably we would observe slight differences in its configuration; as we do when we see two Chinese, father and son, which at first look are both called Cheng and both look the same.

The dual cycle that matters most to us is obviously the one of creation and destruction of mass: the arrow of time bends space into mass (M=e/c^{2}), and the arrow of entropy explodes form into Entropy (E=Mc^{2}). Einstein said that the separation between past and future is an illusion. Those 2 equations of Einstein show the equal importance of both arrows of time, Entropy and mass/information. However when we transcend into beings with higher information, the dominance of information creates the order of future that we, biological beings, experience, and philosophers have always called the 3 ages of life.

The mysteries of quantum physics can also be explained from an organic perspective. In the graph, we observe 2 of those solutions:

– Particles choose to behave as a herd of fractal parts or as an organic whole, when they cross through doors and slits. Particles interact with the electronic beams of particles we use to detect them, modifying its position and speed (Uncertainty principle). In the graph, we can see that behavior: An electron is a herd of photons that gathers into a particle or expands as a wave, depending on which strategy maximizes its survival and movement, as a school of fishes does in front of a predator. The herd even splits its ST fields (P_{1}, P_{2}) when it finds an obstacle and later merges back those space and time geometries into a compact form. Quantum Physics ignores the bio-logic strategy of the electron and uses a probabilistic explanation of the wave/particle principle to maintain its mechanist, abstract ideas about matter. The misunderstanding of the dualities of time/information and Entropy/space make thoroughly confusing its explanation of time and space parameters in those processes. In the right picture, we can notice the self-similarity of the atom with a spiral galaxy. Both have a center black hole zone where the quark proton and quark hole are. But self-similarity is not identity, so even if quantum cosmologists try to use quantum isomorphisms to study the Universe, it is more meaningful to study directly the cosmos with satellites and telescopes, than replicating mini-big bangs of quarks on Earth.

In fractal space-time electrons become nebulae of self-similar fractal parts which can be described with fractal equations of the type biologists use to define cells as fractal parts with self-similar functions to those of the whole electronic organism. So only a fractal organic description of the quantum world, resolves its paradoxes and contradictions.

The alternative to all those proofs of the organic structure of the Universe is a Pythagorean fantasy called the Copenhagen interpretation. It considers the Universe uncertain as the herd of quanta is not a population described as any other group with percentages of the whole (which in statistics has a probability 1), but according to Bohr et al, those probabilities are real and the Universe is made of numbers. Indeed, quantum physics has finally achieved the religious goal of the founding fathers, Kepler and Galileo, God not only speaks mathematics but the Universe is mathematical.

This is nonsense, of course. Yet anytime a physicist in the past century has tried to put forward the organic, logic paradigm, his work has been ridiculed, while entire institutions of learning are dedicated to explore Everett’s thesis that each point of an electron nebulae is in a different, parallel Universe! All of them though shown in the same picture, hence cameras are machines that travel through infinite Universes! at the same time! This Bohr/Everett alternative is thus an absurd, abstract, illogic interpretation, which defies the 3 legs of the scientific method; logic consistency, mathematical accuracy (as the results are often uncertainties, singularities and infinities, cleaned up ad hoc) and experimental evidence obtained with the first pictures of electronic nebulae, 40 years ago:

The electron appeared as a fractal of smaller, self-similar electronic cells, dense, smaller electronic parts that adopt either a herd/wave configuration or a tight, organic, particle-like one. Or else, we would have observed in this Universe only a single electron point. Further on, the behavior of an electronic herd, when bombarded by massive particles, as those humans use to observe them is self-similar to that of any crowd, from fishes that come together when they are attacked by sharks, to soldiers in a battle field. 40 years have passed and yet the mathematical models of electrons as fractals are ignored by abstract, mechanist scientists.

The platonic, mathematic paradoxes of Quantum Theory can be explained in organic terms. The quantum world is not a mathematical probability but a ternary, geometric game of reproductive fractal herds=bodies and particles=knots of information, displacing over lines=fields of forces.

The equation of Entropy and information, Spe × Tiƒ = h(k) that defines quantum physics is not an uncertainty but a fluctuation. It is the equation of existence of ‘Planckton’, the minimal action of Entropy and time of the light Universe, which sometimes evolves into informative particles or relaxes further into space-waves. Thus the equation has two limits of death as Entropy and evolution as form. The particles that appear from the vacuum are those evolutions of form of the h-quanta, the substance of which our light space-time is made. The uncertainty of measure is only in our instruments which cannot measure at the same time the wave/body and photon/head states of the quanta. As you cannot make a dual picture of yourself as a whole body or a cellular network: you need to focus the picture in macro or microscopic scales.

*Recap*. We understand quantum waves and particles also in terms of the structural scales of a Universe made of organic wholes or particles that can be observed in its st_{-1}, lower plane of existence as a wave of cellular, fractal, quantum parts. In this book we hardly touch the ternary scales of all systems that also structure particles as wholes of smaller particles and parts of bigger structures. So atoms are parts of molecules and wholes of particles. And the self-similar isomorphisms of hierarchical planes determine many of the events and relationships between particles, atoms and molecules.

**Time motions. Physical Death. Big-bangs and antiparticles.**

__ __*In the graph, when we observe an electron we see it jumping backwards and forwards in time in an erratic trajectory, as it becomes its particle and antiparticle.*

Traveling in time towards the past means in the restricted, spatial, geometrical definition of time in physics, an inverse, cyclical movement as the one created when moving backwards the needle of a clock. Since physicists ‘extract’ their concept of time from a spatial definition of movement: v=s/t. Thus physical time is only the analysis of change in the motion and geometry of space; and traveling backwards in time in both, the previous Galilean equation of relativity or Einstein’s equation is merely a geometrical change of direction or a contraction in the ‘dual’ perception of space as distance or c-speed.

In physical space there are also dual dissolutions in space, which are processes of death, the best known a big-bang process that annihilates particles and antiparticles into a release of pure Entropy and annihilates a black hole into a Supernova or quasar of pure Entropy: A dual process of palingenesis happens in those death processes when the big-bang gives birth to an accelerated birth. So black holes trigger the palingenesis and fast evolution of stars and a cosmic big-bang, the big-banging of particles.

The antiparticle is the 3^{rd} age (inverse in Entropy/information parameters to the first age) and final death of the particle, reason why it lasts so little and its parameters of time are towards the past. This explains further 2 unexplained facts of astrophysics: why there are less perceived antiparticles. Simple: because the total perception we have of particles is its ‘existential force’=Entropy x Time and they last in time much more than the antiparticles, which die fast. In the same manner all men die but they die so fast that we see much more living humans than corpses around us.

A second interesting consequence of the antiparticle travelling to the past as the dying state of the particle is the fact that while physicists observe them as being born together in the same point and fusioning again in the point of death, the real path is, since the antiparticle travels to the past, that of a single particle when we observe them with the arrow of future information (Feynman diagram of the graph of palingenesis). The particle is born, explodes where it meets the antiparticle in the conventional drawing. Then it dies explodes into Entropy and leaves a remnant ghost, the antiparticle that moves backwards in time and fades away in the point of birth of the particle. *But there is only a particle at each moment in the time loop, reason why *for example, we have never observed black hole evaporation, which is based in the existence of two particles. This phenomenon happens in all scales. In the next scale of electrons, the same

In the previous graph we observe one of such processes. The graph shows the sum of the life (blue) arrow and death (red/antiparticle travelling to the past) arrow of an electron, which appears and disappears constantly in its path forwards. Thus, the motion of virtual photons and electrons seems to correspond to a series of life-death cycles shown as particle=life arrows/antiparticle=death arrows or wave (st-1 plane)/particle (st-plane) fluctuations, which include a ‘quantic jump of spacetime’ in which the particle disappears becomes its antiparticle moves to the past and re-appears in a relative present location, displaced both in time and space coordinates, proving the constant cycles of creation and destruction and the fluctuation between hierarchical past and future states of all palingenetic systems of the Universe.

Yet the same process happens in our biological death. Those who have survived death feel an explosion of light in the brain/informative human particle. Then memory rewinds backwards its path till youth, when you will awake in the lower plane of existence as a mere cell. This is equivalent to the death of the antiparticle that ‘reverses’ its coordinates till it meets its final death in the point of birth (hence it seems two particles are born in that point but one is the death particle returning to its past). At that point it dissolves in the lower vacuum plane.

The best known case of travel in time in physics is the virtual particle/antiparticle systems that constantly pop out in the Universe. Antiparticles seem to travel to the past while particles travel to the future and both annihilate themselves. What we observe here is 2 particles with different geometrical directions that together complete a ‘cycle of physical existence’. We could say that the particle is the 1^{st} age of the entity, from past to future and the antiparticle its devolving age from future to past or 3^{rd} age of the entity and together form a closed loop of space-time, an existence. Or in some cases, the particle is the life arrow and the antiparticle the death arrow. So we have to see them consequentially, one after another in time, even if when we measure them in present-simultaneity, as they are so fast we see the entire life of the particle in an instant of space. So they seem to us mere geometrical shapes.

The entire cycle of Time change is often perceived together, when studying flows from past to future in those fast, simultaneous phenomena that become then fixed loops of space. In any case a death/back in time travel never goes beyond the limits of the entity that experiences it. Those geometrical time travels do not influence the entire, absolute time of the Universe, as Hawking naively thinks, when he talks about black holes as time machines because their ‘t’ parameters are inverse. Or when he thinks that black holes evaporate because antiparticles make them ‘travel to the past’. Antiparticles are only the final stage of the life of a particle, which quantizes its existence in 2 broken phases that don’t affect the absolute time of the Universe. It is that absolute Time the one Einstein studies with its Equations.

*Recap*. Processes of death mean a short travel to the past in which information rewinds. Yet while we travel to the past we do not co-exist in both states as some physicists unaware of the process think it happens with dual particle/antiparticle systems.

**The ternary, i-logic topological structure of atoms.**

*An atom is a space-time field divided in 3 species, informative masses or quarks, energetic gravitational and electromagnetic networks and an intermediate space-time, the electronic nebulae, which bends light into ‘fractal’, ultra dense photons, which put together create the electronic nebulae.*

__ __Let us then now that we have revis(it)ed classic single time-space theories of reality, depart from the classic age of the 3^{rd} paradigm of metric spaces (quantum relativistic models of reality), without further ado.

Since what was done beyond Einstein Dirac and Nambu, the last of the classics, is mostly baroque, inflationary, metalinguistic theories proper of all paradigms of thought that failed to include mass, as the information of the Universe that balances the energetic entropy of spatial forces (single big-bang theory that fails to include dark matter/Entropy, Thermodynamic of black holes that misunderstands the nature of the event horizon belonging to our light-universe, super symmetry and superstrings that fails to understand the isomorphisms of balance that forbid its existence, the expanding Universe that fails to consider the implosive, galactic vortices, which balance that expansion elsewhere in this work) and move on to present the universe with the ternary dimensions of time (ages of all time events) and space (3 functional topologies of all st-points or ‘worlds’ of space-time.)

In the graph, an atom is a space-time field divided in 3 space-time zones: its informative quark center, the nucleus; the external reproductive membrane, made of electrons, which evolve socially in bigger ST membranes when atoms become molecules; while informative, gravitational and energetic, light networks shape their intermediate space-time.

The topology of the atom is thus clear. The electron acts as an external ‘spherical plane’, a membrane of Entropy. In the center quarks are the informative vortices. In between Entropy and form is transferred with forces, which often decouple, reproducing new particles and antiparticles. There are 3 informative families of quarks-mass, due to the evolution of information in 3 ages or horizons of increasing form: each quark family is thus an age in the evolution of informative matter.

The final event of death of those families is a ‘decay’ or quantum big-bang. In our lighter up and down quarks, it is the beta decay, the dual mini-big-bang of a neutron due to the conversion of a balanced, reproductive down quark into an informative up quark (proton, big crunch formation) and an energetic electron (expansive electronic membrane).

As in all processes of death we assist first to the dissociation of the informative’ and energetic elements of the organic system.

Since death is caused by the destruction of the networks of the upper plane of reality, which created a form.

So the Neutron dissociates its informative quarks and electronic, slightly negative, external membrane, provoking a dual big-bang and big crunch, breaking into the 2 parts of its balanced state.

Thus we write the reaction as an event of the generator equation:

_{Electron=energetic past}*<Down quark=balanced Present> ^{Up=informative future}*

* _{Electron (E)}* ×

^{Up quark (Information)}= Down quark (balance)The up quark has half of the mass of the down quark, and we know a down quark switches into an up quark in a beta reaction that explodes a neutron into a proton and electron, components of the Hydrogen atom. In other words the balanced neutron splits into an expansive electron and an implosive proton. This is the equivalent of a quantum dual big-bang/big crunch, a far from equilibrium process in which the neutron expands its membrane into an electronic big-bang and implodes its quarks into a tighter proton configuration.

*Recap*. Atoms are st-points with 3 topological spaces, the spatial membrane or electron, the hyperbolic center or quark-gluon soup, and the intermediate, ‘bigger’, reproductive space where exchanges of electromagnetic and gravitational forces give birth to virtual particles.

**Events in time and organisms in space.**

All those processes give origin according to the duality of the ‘Galilean paradox’ *to both events in time and forms in space*, which further illuminate many questions unresolved in classic quantum physics – as we can always consider the existence of 2 different realities, *a causal event and a ternary organism, *and so we have two options to explain many phenomena before explaining only with either a spatial or a temporal perspective*:* For example, a proton is a uud triplet of quarks in space, but in time you might consider that a down quark, which switches into an up quark and electron, splitting its mass-vortex in 2 and then evolves back into a down quark.

So you can also write the ternary structure as an event in time: *d(ST)->u (Tƒ)+e(Spe)->d(ST)*

And so we can consider the whole process to be an existential cycle of a single down quark. Both events are real and in certain conditions the process will be a temporal event and in others will create a spatial organism. The difference is clear: when we consider the process as an event, reality becomes warped from a big spatial, extended, multiplied world into a tighter, faster, temporal non-redundant Universe. And so this ‘antisymmetry’ between time functions and spatial forms happens when we consider the ‘antisymmetry’ between big-bang & big-crunch ages of fast d=evolution in time, in a limited space vs. the spatial, organic ages or steady states, described by the equations of Einstein. And since we are apparently in a steady state age for the Universe, most likely the previous spatial description is the reality of the atom: 3 quarks, locked as relative, past-Entropy, present balanced and future-informative subspecies.

The reality of studying the Universe both in time and space, as either an event or a form is one of the key methods of ‘Complex physics’ as a science which uses two arrows to describe the Universe. Yet because physicists lack those methods, they often confuse an event in time with a form in space and vice versa. Ultimately the proton and neutron are two phases of the same being in 2 different states of time that physicists first confused with 2 different species of space.

-The mystery of their 2/3 and 1/3 charges become also resolved in a temporal perspective: the up quark emits a negative electron, giving up a charge and becoming a down quark that later absorbs the quark and becomes an up quark again.

An easy way to solve when a process is a spatial duality or a time event is the fact that time events often don’t have parity, mirror symmetry, a spatial property, as it happens with the Beta decay. What this means is that because information and Entropy have different properties, the arrow of Entropy->information and the arrow of information->Entropy, its inverse process, are different. And so indeed, while neutrons decay easily giving birth to an electron in a few minutes – another proof that it is a fast process of death; the inverse process hardly ever happens.

Another puzzle of physics is the difference of masses between particles. The general rule is simple: when a lineal Entropy, E, accelerates till light speed, the limit of our light membrane, it starts to curl into a cyclical speed, which is the definition of a vortex of mass. Thus no mass becomes mass. Yet further on, this transformation can be further increased by a topological transformation, from a reproductive, cyclical vortex toroid topology to a hyperbolic, more massive one. The balanced, reproductive cyclical toroid donuts can switch into the inner informative dual donuts (simplest hyperbolic topology). And as the hyperbolic topology adds up more ‘toroids in the dimension of height, and the vortex of mass, VoxRo=K, increases its speed mass increases geometrically, reason why a black hole, a hyperbolic topology with asymptotic T-parameters, is the most massive object of the Universe.

This topological transformation could be a possible reason why a down quark has the mass of 2 up quarks: the down quark might switch back and forth its reproductive single-torus topology into a dual torus, becoming more complex and heavier but smaller. In this manner we can find many topological whys to the abstract description of particles and transformative events between them.

Consider now the temporal interpretation of color, a feature that makes quarks stable in triplets.

It was discovered when physicists realized that quarks with the same spin could occupy the same position. So they considered they have color. But they never clarified what color is. We interpret color in simple Euclidean Geometry as the orientation of 3 bidimensional, cyclical vortices of mass – 3 quarks, that are perpendicular to each other – and so they can occupy the same 3-dimensional space. *This explains why 3 quarks of 1/3 ^{rd} charge together emerge in the electromagnetic world and can interact with a 3-dimensional electron of 1 charge*. It also explains why they are locked in a stable configuration: they cannot be deconfined without ‘disappearing’ from our 3-dimensional world as point-particles; reason why we perceive them as joined by an extremely strong and attractive force.

In detail, using complex Non-Euclidean topology the picture is somehow more complex, but the previous simplified analysis is clear enough to explain why some quarks have 2/3_{rds} of charge, 2 donuts, and some 1/3^{rd}, one donut; and how they can interact with 1-charge electrons.

Further on we can understand why gluons, the particles exchanged by quarks have 2 colors. This again is self-evident: if you try to communicate a bidimensional long plane and a perpendicular plane you must travel in a right angle. So a gluon that exchanges Entropy and form between 2 quarks of different perpendicular/color orientation must have 2 colors.

2/3^{rd} charge quarks would be from the perspective of its gluon parts, chaotic, perpendicular, bidimensional attractors (Lorenz-type); 1/3^{rd} quarks would be self-similar to single gluon attractors (Rossler type). Gluons are bundles of strings with a boomerang like open topology – hence without mass, as they don’t close the cyclical vortex. And as they interact with quarks, they will change their spatial orientation, carrying away their color.

The principle of physics that matters here is diffeomorphic *orientation,* Obviously when we switch from Euclidean to non-Euclidean space and from continuous to fractal dimensions, the topologies of those orientations become much more complex and we should rather talk of ‘puzzles’, hyperbolic, 2/3^{rd} charges; toroid, 1/3^{rd} charges, and curved planes (gluons) that respond to the 3 basic topologies of the Universe; and become locked together in complex patterns, as proteins and other cellular components do in the cell, *to emerge as a whole Non-Euclidean Point of our 3-dimensional world* – a proton.

Thus color is a geometrical feature that evolves the bidimensional world of quarks into the 3-dimensional world of electrons, creating a holography of our world. Quantum physicists know that information is bidimensional and the Universe holographic but they don’t know why. Because the classic, abstract, algebraic description of quarks, based in group symmetries cannot express this easily. Thus, without topological analysis, without the enlightenment of its why with the new paradigm, the theory of quarks and gluons tell us only that each quark has a color, different from the other 2 colors of the triplet and gluons have 2 colors.

The topological analysis shows that the fractal scale of quarks and gluons is similar to a fractal, liquid cell, which is *the fundamental structure mimicked by all Non-Euclidean points, hence, self-repeated in many self-similar scales, as we shall see when* explaining galaxies as cells of the Universe; where black holes are the DNA/informative element and stars the mitochondria/ energetic network.

*Recap*. We can perceive, according to the Galilean Paradox all realities as forms in space or events in time. Physicists study quarks only as events in space, so they miss the explanation of its fractal charge: 3 locked quarks as events in time add to 1 charge; and miss the topological non-Euclidean interpretation of down, up quarks and gluons whose hyperbolic, toroid and curved plane topologies add up to form a st-point of 4 Dimensions that surfaces in our holographic Universe.

**Two Quark Triangles and 2 Universal Membranes. Families of mass.**

*There are 6 quarks, whose mass increases as the speed of their space-time vortices increase. Physicists divide them in the III horizons of evolutionary mass, with increasing mass/information. Yet they ignore the reason of those 3 families (the 3 horizons of any evolutionary system of Entropy and information); they ignore why they have different masses (because the speed of their vortices increase); they ignore why they have fractional charge (because they are bidimensional vortices, which must lock in triplets, to form a 3-dimensional space-time, harmonic with the electronic, 3-dimensional world we live in); and they ignore which kind of fractal cosmological forms they create (pulsars and black holes):*

On the other hand, it is important to understand and classify particles, the understanding of the 3 ‘ages of evolution’ of information represented by the 3 families of mass and quarks, which are ALSO IN CLOSE SYMMETRY WITH THE UPPER cosmic scale, and the 3 regions of the galaxy, the Top quark star center (black holes modeled as top quark frozen stars, with positive top quarks as the boson cut off substance), the middle region of up and down light human quarks and the external negative charged, strangelet halo. Thus the symmetry is obvious:

3 ages of evolution of mass of increasing form: I, II and III families of quarks.

3 regions of the galaxy: Top quark black holes, up and down matter, negative strangelet halo.

Symmetry between atoms and galaxies (protons positive top quark holes, negative electrons, strangelet halo)* *

Unlike the usual spatial classification of quarks in pairs proper of classic physics, in complex physics, we divide the Universe in 2 membranes, the dense, informative, gravitational, mass/quark membrane and the electronic, light one and we consider species of the gravitational, informative membrane to be tendencially ‘time events’, as information and time are related, and so quarks and black holes are better described with 3 temporal horizons and hyperbolic topologies.

In the graph, a more detailed analysis of the parameters of the main particles of the standard model. For simplicity, Neutrinos, which *are better described not as particles in space but wave- events in time that transfer momentum between both gravitational and electromagnetic scales (reason why their ‘3 species’ mutate in time, as they travel to the earth), *are ignored: The 6 quarks of the standard model are reordered in 2 ternary groups. In the bottom left, we observe the electromagnetic membrane and its elements. In the upper right side we observe the gravitational, quark world.

The graph, which is the standard model of Complex Physics, applied to quarks, requires no Higgs. Instead the top quark of self-similar mass in the upper vertex becomes the final evolutionary state of the Z+W particles which in a weak event transform lighter particles into ‘dark quarks’.

Its enormous mass means it should exist a new decametric ‘scale’ of super-strong forces, and the proper model to study the breaking of symmetry is not the Higgs but the Technicolor theory, whereas super strong top quarks should turn faster than light, be components of black holes and emit dark Entropy at 10 C speed, the next scalar force of the Universe that fills intergalactic space.

However in reactions at lower energies, Z and W particles never reach enough stability to become ‘parts’ of a top and so they quickly devolve into lower mass-states, which explains most of the reactions observed in accelerators, mediated by temporal, weak forces, which therefore have no spatial symmetry.

If we order particles by mass self-similarity in triads we observe 2 different atoms and 2 different quark-gluon soups, made of 3 types of quarks, dominated by their heavier quarks of each triangle:

– The up and down quark create the light atom. Yet when they are deconfined in a quark-gluon soup they are dominated by the most massive strange quark, which creates the superfluid vortex of ‘strangelet’ liquids or ‘ice-9’, responsible for Nova explosions.

– Charm and bottom quarks form a dark atom, dominated by the most massive top quark in a dark gluon soup, which we shall call ‘gas-9’, as it would be the most explosive substance of the Universe, responsible for Super-Novae and quasars and maybe the big-bang of a cellular Universe.

Thus if strange quarks create strange soups, top quarks will do the same with dark atoms; and if strangelets are components of strange stars, top quark liquids will be the components of top black holes.

This symmetric scheme is unknown to physics; so it lacks a visual understanding of what dark atoms (bcb particles) are, and why strangelets and top quark liquids are stable enough to form quark stars:

In the light world, the ud quarks and electron form the light atom. In the dark world, the cb quarks and the tau electron form the dark atom. The reader can now see that basically the two worlds are differentiated by a fractal scale of 1000=10^{3} Electron volts. In terms of static, fractal dimensions, this merely means that the world of top quarks is warped by a new SU_{3} group of dimensional form. *It is more complex, more informative as it has 3 more dimensions of warping; or 3 more degrees of rotational speed in a dynamic perspective.*

Imagine that inside the original vortex of our light-quarks there is not the eye of a hurricane, but another scale, another vortex, another medium, rotating 10 times faster in 3 dimensions. Thus this inner world extended into lineal Entropy will mean we need 10^{3} = 1000 times more Entropy to create it.

The rotational speed of that inner vortex will be 10 times higher – 10 c – but the Entropy needed to create the new 3-dimensional fractal world or inner scale of motion of those top quarks will be 10^{3 }fractal dimensions of rotational speed/mass. Thus the dark world of heavy quarks is 10 times faster and 1000 times denser ^{9}.

For the same reason the electron of the lighter world is lighter than the tau electron of the dark world. If our light world is a 0.c<10 c world the dark world is a c<10 c world.

Once this concept is clear, the self-similarities become evident: the world of 0.1c light atoms, which creates our matter and the world of c-strange quarks that creates quark stars must be matched by a world of dark atoms and top quarks, which creates the world of black holes. So black holes are top quark stars.

Let us show how the quarks of the 2 membranes increase their mass (we round here figures so the reader can easily follow them)*:*

In the graph, the strange quark is the top predator quark of our triangle of light matter made of udu atoms. It is between 30 and 100 times heavier than our matter. While the top quark is the top predator quark of the triangle of dark matter and its bcb atoms, and it is around 100 times heavier than those bcb quarks. The strange quark and top quark are around 100 times heavier than the ud and bc atoms.

Since the equation of a mass vortex is U.C. × Mass = w^{2} × r^{3}, mass is proportional to the square of the rotational speed, w, of its vortex. So we have 3 decametric scales of rotational speed:

C/10, the speed of rotation of electrons, and the ‘ud’ system of quarks of our atoms, which in this manner are in harmony with the electron vortex that traps them.

<C speed for the strange quark or top predator quark that causes the breaking of symmetry of our matter, as it creates a faster attractive vortex, deconfining the quarks of our world, liberating them, and blowing the electronic wave into radiation.

In the graph, the bosons of both worlds are also self-evident: The photon is the boson of the electromagnetic world and the gluon is the boson of the gravitational membrane. The symmetry between the 2 quantum theories of electrons and quarks is a clear proof of that symmetry.

Both theories differ because the quark-gluon soup is more informative and has a more complex, ‘network-like’, ∏-structure, while the electron is basically a herd, with a loose ∑-structure.

The 2 forces (electromagnetic and strong forces) and the species evolved from them also change the parameters of Entropy and information of both worlds, according to the basic symmetry of the Universe, e × O = k, *expressed in quantum physics by the law of range*. The lighter world thus extends further in range/space and weighs nothing. The tighter world of dark quarks extends shorter in range and weighs/attracts one hundred times more.

It is only left to explain the role of the muon, which weights exactly what the strange quark weighs and the Z+W= top, which weighs the same also than the top=Higgs particle.

So again we find a clear symmetry between them: Those particles are *self-similar to the top and strange quark, perceived from the other side of the dual membrane; they are their self-similar ‘ghosts’ in the light world. *And they can be found as evolutionary steps in the creation of strange quarks and top=Higgs quarks in the processes of transformation of electronic membranes into dark, strong gravitational membranes.

And the Higgs^{7}? It is not needed and it is an impossible particle since a scalar boson breaks the isomorphisms of complex physics and a new force/membrane it is an invention without experimental evidence that would also break the symmetry of complex systems (like an organism with ‘2 nervous systems’). The evolution of lighter matter into the top, mediated by the Z and W particles (which should be considered the same particle in a time perspective; that is, the +, neutral and – states), is performed by a top quark/antiquark condensate (Nambu), which breaks the symmetry of all other types of matter, converting it into more tops that will condensate into a quark star or black hole. In biological terms, to break the symmetry means to kill as a top predator quark, the strongest particle of the Universe, all other forms of lighter matter, to feed on them and to convert them into a self-similar form of yourself.

In the same manner, the strange quark breaks the symmetry of our lighter quarks transformed into strange quarks and strange liquid (strangelets). It follows that SUSY particles, which also contradict the isomorphisms of balance between Entropy and mass/information and have never been found, do not exist either^{9}.

Because quantum physicists lack the tools of complex physics and the understanding of mass as information, all this is blurred in their equations. They do describe perfectly all those reactions with enormous mathematical accuracy as Ptolemy described better than Copernicus the movements of planets. But to do so they need complicated mathematical models as Ptolemy did. A model of complex physics with both arrows, Entropy and information, is far easier to understand as it explains topologically and in terms of cyclical, causal time events many whys of particle physics.

*Recap*. Mass is physical information – an *accelerated, *bidimensional vortex of mass (dynamic perception) called a quark, which can be described also in space (Galilean Paradox) as a non-Euclidean network of fractal gluons (static perception described by QCD theory). Quarks must be understood as ternary events in evolving time, and classified in triads, belonging to two different scales of the gravitational world – the strange world with c-rotational speed that interacts with our world and the dark world of top quarks that rotate at 10 c speed and form quark-gluon condensates called black holes. They are vortices of top quarks, the top predator particle of mass-information of the Universe.