A brief introduction to General Systems, the metric of the 5th dimension and the main nested superorganisms of the Universe.
New scientific ideas never spring from a communal body, however organized, but rather from the head of an individually inspired researcher who struggles with his problems in lonely thought and unites all his thought on one single point which is his whole world for the moment.
Planck on the informative seed without a ‘placenta’ of huminds to re=produce
As usual if the readers want to understand anything, they should read at least the first pages of the central post.
A very brief introduction follows:
The Universe is a fractal scalar system of 5 Dimensions of space-time. The fifth dimension is made of the ‘different co-existing scales’, which from the simplest forces through particles, atoms, molecules, matter, organisms, superorganisms, planetary systems and galaxies, create an ‘organic network sstructure’, which amazing enough since it was discovered at the beginning of science with telescope and microscopes, was not formalized till I introduce its metric equation in the milieu of systems sciences.
In mathematical science for a dimension of space-time to exist, it requires a metric equation which combine space and time to gives us a co-invariant system that allows to travel through such dimension. The fifth dimension has a ‘metric equation’, hence it exists. The equations for a given number of scales co-existing in an organic network is S (size in space) x T (speed of time cycles) = Constant.
It means when we become smaller within such organic network, our time clocks accelerate. And vice versa. For example, in your organism the equation relates the cellular genetic scale, whose time cycles run much faster than your biological cycles. As information is stored in the form and frequency of time clocks, it follows that in all nature’s organisms, smaller systems code the information of larger systems.
We study 3 fundamental superorganisms of the 5th dimension. The ‘galatom’, whose metric equation is H(Planck constant of angular momentum) x C (speed of light) = C, whereas h is an obvious ‘cyclical time clock’ and C an obvious measure of speed-distances in space. And indeed, smaller scales have faster turning particles, and larger systems move in slower cycles. (Vortex law: Vo x Ro = k).
In biology we study families of animals such as mammals where larger organisms have slower metabolic cycles. In history we study social organisms, whose cycles of life and death, will define the evolution of nations and civilizations. And in each of those organisms, smaller systems code larger ones. So the quantum numbers of particles code matter, genes code biologic organisms, and memes code societies.
We define them two fundamental systems one in space and one in time, taking place in the fifth dimension:
- An entangled superorganism in space, in which the synchronicity between 3 scales of the organism, its atomic/cellular/Individual, thermodynamic/organic /social and gravitational/ecosystemic/global scales in physical/biological/social organisms form a complex interacting, entangled system we shall call a superorganism, whose study discovers ‘Isomorphic=equal laws’ regardless of what kind of system we study. Because the system is entangled, and made of 5 obvious components, we need a new logic, ‘pentalogic’ as all the elements communicate and interact together. Those elements common to all systems of nature are identified as:
‘space‘, that is ‘types of dimensional form’, and we find to have 3 only ‘topological varieties’, which perform 3 clear organic functions in the superorganism, lineal limbs/fields that move the system, hyperbolic body-waves that iterate its forms and spherical particle/heads that gauge information/
Time, that is types of ‘motion=change’, those organs perform, which are locomotion (limbs/fields), reproduction (body-waves) and informative gauging (particle/heads), which dominate each of the 3 consecutive ages of the being (young motion age, mature reproductive age and old informative age).
Scale, the 3 aforementioned scales for any superorganism
Mind. And this allow us to identify a ‘center that process’ information from the outer world, and controls the internal networks of the system, with a given language, which we shall call a mind, regardless of its automatic processing or consciousness. As it coordinates and maintains the whole as a single system performing actions of control of the energy and information of the system. So we find gravity centers, chips, brains, DNA nucleus, black holes in galaxies, etc. etc. Indeed, there is always in any stable organic system, a relative still, self-centered mind, which we shall discover all systems do have, even physical systems, which have centers of gravity, centers of charge or crystal systems, which maintain the whole.
Entropic limits: In time called death, in space, called membranes, in scales as systems loose control beyond to scales and in fact death is defined by a simple equation of dissolution of two scales of information, ∆1<<∆-1.
All this allow us to define any system in time, by its life and death cycle which we shall call a worldcycle (taken from 4D physics, worldline, which now with a new dimension becomes a worldcycle. Since indeed any scalar superorganism’s existence can easily be defined as a travel through the 3 scales of the fifth dimension, as all systems are born as a seminal, smaller form, in the ∆-1 lower scale, grow fast with its faster time speed, emerge in the ∆º body scale and are part with its head/particle of a larger social world, in the ∆+1 scale.
How then a system travels through those scales? Very simple, it does so accelerating in its life cycle, emerging, living in the larger world, and then dissolving back to its parts in the death moment.
And amazingly enough with this simple scheme of 5 pentalogic elements, tracing 3 relative worldcycles, the first ‘placental worldcycle’ as it evolve in the relative safe ‘womb’ of a maternal system, the life cycle, as it tries to survive in an outer ecosystem, and for the most organized systems, a 3rd worldcycle as it forms part of a larger superorganism, we will be able to order everything in the Universe, every event and every phenomena, which the researcher has studied for decades.
The existence of a new dimension of space-time is the most important discovery of science in a century, since Einstein formalized the fourth dimension, but this expansion and formal organization of science is much wider as it applies to all sciences, not only physics.
So the blog is extremely extensive in its scope and due to the fact it is the work of a single researcher, by force incomplete. It is the ‘first seed’ of a new paradigm of philosophy of science.
The blog in any case divide in 4 lines, which try to develop the model for the main superorganisms of the Universe and its parts, the galatom (physical superorganism that stretches from a planckton – a Planck constant – to a galaxy) and within this ‘nested organism’, the Earth, a superorganism which has both geological and biological nested superorganisms in its surface, of which we study according to the arrow of increasing evolution of information 3 ages, the life age of Gaia, the human age of History and the machine age of the FMMI system of company mothers that reproduce and evolve machines of information (Financial media system) and energy (Military-Industrial system) or ‘Metal-earth.
The study follows a simple scheme. The first line is a sentence that explains in space the 5 components of all superorganisms, and how they are studied in each scale by a different ‘stience’ (space-time science), in its spatial form and its reproductive and evolutionary worldcycles.
In the second line we study those superorganisms, which unlike in physics that highlights them by size, exploring the smallest and largest scale of the galatom as if they were more important, follows the nested model according to which since all superorganisms follow similar laws, and in organisms, survival matters, the most important are not the largest/smallest but the ones closer to us, human beings, so we dedicate more space to the study of the 3 ages of Earth, the superorganism we live in and even more to the internal mind-languages of man, which study the bio organic scalar properties, topologic mathematical spatial properties and logic, temporal properties of all those fractal organisms. Even so, in the first post of the second line, the galatom, we prove the scalar nature of big-bangs, from beta decays to a hypothetical universal scale, but studying in detail the proofs, we discharge a possible universal big-bang, and settle for a rather more pedestrian quasar cycle of galactic big-bangs, as most of the big-bang proofs are local, and fit better with the data of quasar cycles, and the natural balance between the implosive vortices of information (galaxies) and the expansive vacuum space between them.
But most of the blog studies the 3 ages of earth and the languages of the mind.
So we study further the nested superorganism of mankind history in its 3 scales, the individual human being, the nation or civilization and mankind as an ideal global superorganism, which if humans were intelligent and ethic enough they would design with the laws of superorganisms in a much more efficient manner than our corrupted economic=blood system of reproduction of goods and political=legal-nervous system of information and coordination of its citizens-cells.
Unfortunately the human superorganism is a trial and error system born from a series of memetic mutations which is NOT well designed and for that reason it is as wrong mutations are in all scales, becoming extinguished by lethal goods (weapons), broken into wrong sub-species (nations), parasited in its blood-monetary system (capitalist finances) and finally ‘censored’ by the wrong systems of power, which prevent a proper social sciences and r=evolution to create an immortal perfect history in control of both Gaia and the metal-earth
Then in the third line we study dynamically the superorganisms of the Universe through time, through its 2 or 3 worldcycles, and the sentence stops in 12+1 Disomorphic similar laws for all those worldcycles, as all systems are born of a seed of information that ‘expands’ (beta decay that creates atoms, seeds that create biological organisms, prophets that create civilizations, black hole quasars that create galaxies), and then follows a ternary placental, organic and worldcycle of existence, to finally die back… So in the fourth line we meant but have been unable to do it alone, to study all the sciences and systems known to man with those 12 disomorphic laws in what wanted to be an encyclopedia of science, but without help from any University I gave up on writing properly.
Indeed, as we said, this researcher is within the organism of history and a vocal critique of its corrupted networks, which do explain a lot why it is not researched by thousands of scientists all over the world and nobody cares with stats after 5 years so meager that I have completely given up enlightening humanity, perfectly indoctrinated in his worship of the idol-ogies of mechanism – machines not organisms as the measure of all things, nationalism, military nations not humanity as the unit of the species, and capitalism, parasitic banking, not a proper blood-system that feeds and gives money-oxygen to all humans as the reproductive system. So indeed as a body cell is blind and only receives information from its head, mankind is perfectly programmed to do what it does best, ensemble machines, evolve the metal-earth, kill Gaia and on top thinking is so smart doing that.
Enough to say you are reading both the most censored and the most important upgrade of scientific knowledge mankind has experienced since Galileo.
But ‘those who impose truth with power will be the laugh of the gods’ Einstein. Indeed, mankind might ignore and despise the organic nature of the Universe, and no longer made humanity its model, as my latin, European civilization did at the height of History as an organism, before the industrial r=evolution made the machine the measure of all things, but it does. so to his own peril. As certainly this blog, not the primitive mechanist models of physics with a single ‘time motion’ entropy=death born of their worldly profession – making weapons – IS the true model of the Universe, and so machines are just primitive evolving organisms of metal, soon to become as AI robots with solar skins, independent of man. So either mankind learns the true laws of the Universe, organizes a better world and survive, or as an enzyman, catalyzes the evolution of robots and its nationalist military memes achieve soon its extinction. Either way the organic Universe will keep evolving its systems of information and superorganisms, based in the laws of eusocial love between members of the same species, that create those larger wholes, departing from similar parts, as all the prophets=scientists of history have told us to do in our verbal ethic, nervous language.
- Non-Æ: The 7th Isomorphism
- The Ages of the 10 planes of reality.
Abstract. We substitute the word ‘to live’ which has been tainted of anthropomorphism and non-scientific pseudo-religious discourse for the much more precise concept of ‘existence’, which we have already defined in the first line as exist¡ence; a composite wor(l)d of ¡nglish which hides multiple entangled meanings.
Indeed, the ‘function of existence’ or «exi=st» does already include all the elements the Fractal Generator, and can be considered an ‘Isomorphic’ synonymous of it. The 5 symbols of dimotions are embedded in the symbol for expansive locomotion <, Implosive information >, entropy «, perception » and <energy> (=). And the components between the limits of pure space and pure time, are precisely those energy x information, e x I symbols.
¡nglish has its beauty in the parallel symbols that form words which have complex ¡logic meanings.
In the case of the function of exi«st¡ence, exi«st is indeed the present state exi, in which an organism with spatial and temporal entropic limits «st, ‘exists’ guided by its mind self-centered in a given plane of stience, ∆¡, performing those 5 Dimotions, < > = « »; always trying to achieve a present balance between the inner world (exi), its bodywave/particle head system, and the outer world St¡…
In this post though we shall study the function of existence in a ceteris paribus, temporal analysis, as the being in its constant relationship with the outer world, performs those survival actions but invariably will wear out and finally exhaust its energy and die in an entropic dissolving explosion of form, «
The 7th Disomorphism is NOT bounded as the 3rd, and its analysis of the physiological networks of the being, prior to its emergence in the outer world by the inner þlacental development of the being.
By this we mean, as the mind emerges and it cannot be understood ‘alone’ merely as the brain or even the 3 physiological networks, but as a spiritual program or will of survival that connects the outer and inner parts of the being, and its lower and higher scales, in the ∆¹ plane, as the system ages, its preservation in the seed placental perfect world wears out because of its contact with the 1-∞ entropic plane of an outer world or ecosystem, where unless the being is the central mind of a larger ∆² world, it won’t survive easily, aging as a process of constant struggle to obtain entropy-motion from the outer world without giving away its own motion.
So the 7th Disomorphism is connected to the 8th Disomorphism of the world, and together the system lives and ages, departing from its ‘conception’ age as a seed-point (o-Disomorphism)… guided ever since by the mind, which appears in the day and disappears in the night, when the seed-placental functions of the inner world return…
Life is a dream then we could say in the outer world, as the dream is the life on the inner world. Both part of the function of existence, the game itself, which encloses them all, and we express in the final 2 Disomorphisms of ‘GodoG’.
Breaking down the super organism in space and the world cycle in time.
All systems of the universe follow a world cycle as time§pace supœrganisms, with an ‘entropic limit’ in time, called death, which lasts only the last quanta of action=perception of the system. Thus the Universe is NOT about death, the necessary limit to renew a system but about life and its cycles of existence, about each present ‘quanta’ of action of the system, which will try to maximize those quanta of time-actions, to prolong the e-motions of being. Even physical particles trace their trajectories of ‘feeding’ in a force field, with minimal expenditure of time…
The world cycle thus can be studied with multiple perspectives, through the different degrees of logic depth of its five constitutive, ¬∆@st elements, which entangles any being with the Universe, and its different ages, defined by the partial sub-equations of ‘ages’ of a timespace being, extracted from the Generator Equation.
In this post and subposts we shall try to be more precise studying thel zero sum world cycle of any species through those ages, which are canonical, trying to explain why they happen and putting examples of each scale of reality.
First then a definition of any pentalogic system of reality in its components.
– 5D Pentalogic: The super organism in space and its 5 components:
An spatial, shorter view of the entity as a super organism through its 4±¡ Ðimensional components, Space, ðime, the singularity @-minds origin with its creative back and forth processes of infinitesimal linguistic mirrors latter reflected into a territorial order, of the ∆§calar, fractal planes of reality, which transfer energy, ≤ and information ≥ through its a(nti)symmetric operandi that relates all those elements…
This view in pure time terms corresponds to the description of the 3 ages of the super organism, which is Generated by the seed and emerges in a single Plane of existence, where it will live a first age dominated by the time motions of its limbs/potentials, followed by an iterative age dominated by the hyperbolic body wave followed by a third age of information, which will finally explode back dissolving into the moment of death into antisymmetric flows of entropy (cellular/atomic dissolution) and information (memorial, still information left behind by the traces of its existence).
So the 7th isomorphism studies those 3 ages of the being, between birth and death (the 2 internal limiting ages), and beyond, between generation by external parents and memorial traces in the external world (two final ‘traces).
This seems pretty exhaustive as the analysis of reality goes regarding the time flow of a world cycle of existence, and it is indeed the most important description of a world cycle.
In the graph we sum up this simplified view of any super organism of time and space
All what exists is part of fractal time space organism performing a world cycle of existence through its ternary symmetries as a travel in 3 scales of the fifth dimension, which can be described:
- Quantitatively in terms of ∆§ocial scales.
- Topologically in terms of Spatial transformations.
- ðemporally in terms of a conservative zero sum world cycles.
- @-Mentally in terms of languages that process all that information from a biased point of view.
- ≈≥≤ Vitally in terms of the organic symbiosis or A(nti)symmetries between its 4 Dual components that can either evolve in Balance≈become symmetric or annihilate=become Perpendicular/antisymmetric:
That’s all what it is to the Ultimate principles of the Universe. The rest, all of us are its details.
Of those subdivisions of the worldcycle none is more important than the full 3 ages of existence that carry the life of a being through its ‘present space-time continuum’, and its ‘pre’ and ‘post’ ages in other ‘scales’, from its ∆-1 generation, ∑∆-1 reproductive gestation, and final return to the lower scales in the moment and death and survival into the ∆+1 social world through the memories, offspring and deeds left behind.
Let us then inquire a bit more on the world cycle origin of those time ages:
7th Ðisomorphism: Aging world cycles: So we now monitor the being as it performs its world cycle, as a network super organism or ‘species’ of space-time that will travel through scales and planes tracing its world cycle of existence between birth and extinction. It will do so with 7 fundamental steps:
∆-1: Seed-monad conception & palingenesis (evolution and reproduction and final emergence from ∆-1 to ∆º)
∆º; Then its 3 ages of life once emerged in ∆º: moving youth, reproductive maturity and informative 3rd age.
∆±1: with its dual death… one one side its vital energy degenerates back to its cellular state. On the other side in the very few cases in which it has performed a flawless world cycle of existence it might emerge once more as a seed-prophet into a superorganism of the ∆+1 plane, leaving often just a trace of information, if it has been a creative particle of the ∆+1 world that hosted it. But most will return as ∆@st of spacetime to the dust from where they came.
Besides the 7 ages of existence, through which the individuals of those species will live in ðime, from its conception, through its gestation, to the ‘3 present’ ages, concluding in the death of the body and perhaps resurrection of the information along a new generation… we complete thus our temporal description of the worldcycle with…
The 8th Disomorphism, which defines how those 3 physiological networks ‘age’ changing from the static to the motion stage as the being evolves in its youth, then reach its maturity and finally decline inversely into static form again in the 3rd age, to explode in the big-bang motion of death…
The 8th Disomorphism differs from the knowledge obtained from the variations of 6 species, which combine the 3 networks of the system in its possible hierarchical order, in the fact that we work on dualities, that is combinations of space-time, of yin and yang in the classic I Ching, so as such they represent NOT a static space super organism pegged by the existence of a present spacetime vital energy system, or body-wave that maintains the extremes of relative past and future adjacent, but as a pure motion between two limits you might consider past and future, entropy and information, scattering and collapsing.
So they are ‘dynamic’ moving and ultimately extinctive world cycles that become zero sums.
Thus the 8th isomorphism considers the relative ∞ number of worldcycles of existence between birth and extinction…through which the individuals of those species will live in ðime, through its ‘3±2¡=7 ages’, which as usual we shall study with an entangled pentalogic view, on how all the elements of the being, ¬∆@St, influence aging. To that aim, just for fun we use four different ‘a-vowels’:
@ging has an ultimate cause: the mind that stops the motions of the cycles of the Universe into form, defining the arrow of existence of life as a growth of information.
∆ging is a process of adding quanta of temporal actions with other scales, which add constantly an excess of form to the being, since the mind tends to static form and commands the organism, performing more informative than entropic actions. So while each action seeks for its Lagrangian zero sum consumption of energy, there is a constant deviation towards information, which will be the ultimate reason, when integrated in longer worldcycles.
Thus in scalar terms ∆ging is defined as the finitesimal sum of actions that move the being in a trip of Cº=exi«st¡ence through 3 planes, as an organism in 3 ages, living in a larger world.
S≈t: åging looks at the perspective of the ‘body-wave’, ∆º element of the being, which is the essential element to maintain the balance of the system. So aging can be stopped in the present moment of balance if neither motion or form dominates, creating a series of back and forth past to future to past motions that would maintain the being immortal…
¬∇: ∀ging, finally ends in entropic ‘rejuvenation’ which is unfortunately death – the dissolution of all information.
Since, the program is geared to increase form through the sum of infinitesimal actions the back and forth motion of timespace: $>ð (life arrow) , but death + ð<<$, happens when all motion is consumed, as the flow of time never stops. So entropy is the final zero sum world cycle of ∀ging for all beings that end its function of Cº=exi«»st¡ence as the exi body balance breaks the 2 parts and the energy becomes entropy « and the information becomes still or transcends into memories of the self » – nothing is truly immortal except the whole in itself…
So the wor(l)d of inglish Cº=exi (5D metric) becomes «t, entropic dissolution and perhaps »s, memorial conservation, as the being abandons its st¡ plane…
THE 3±¡¹′² AGES
Besides the 3 young, mature-reproductive and old-informative age, the being has 2 pre-birth and post-mortem ages. The conception as a seed or 0point, its placental development and emergence at birth; and the final collapse or death, and its memorial remains in the ∆2 world.
So while the ±¡ ages are far shorter and less consequential to the being, they are required to complete the 0-sum worldcycle, and justify the Disomorphism of ages as the 7th, because the 3rd concerns only the internal physiological networks without aging, which will dominate the first ‘digestive age’
Aging proper, when we eliminate the ‘limits’ of birth and death, and reduce its 3±∆¡≈|2|, ages to the 3 present age of life, becomes an aristotelian, A->B type of worldcycle in which the order of the 5 dimensions of time-space is fixed, as follows:
5D: Emergence of fractal point that 1. Moves in youth 2. Reproduces in its maturity, 3. evolves form in its old age. 4. Explodes in entropy
So the steps and motions of the life-death world cycle is fixed, as entropy=death always finish the cycle and social evolution is fully completed in the preaging stage of Social fetal evolution from ∆-1 seed into ∆º super organism:
In the graph, the world cycle of ageing changes the order of the intermediate dimensions, reordering them in 3 ages with motion (2D in the topological growth) as the first age, and information already provided by the 5D generational cycle as third age.
As such as it is a fixed 5D>2D>3D>1D<<4D step process we can consider it also as a single aristotelian line-time.
But if we perceive it in the scalar dimension as ∆-1>∆ºemergence<youth>reproductive ∆§ocial maturity>3rd informative age<<∆-1 it becomes a zero sum cycle.
Finally if we observe it from the whole perspective of possible orders of the system.
It is obvious that the ageing order contradicts the commonest order of the Universe through its 3 dimensions.
But this contradiction changes when in closer look we consider that we should give the 1st dimension to the birth of the seed-fractal point that emerges as one, then the second age would be youth, the 3rd age maturity, and the 5th age of decay could enclose the 3rd age of excessive information coupled with the blasting final extinction.
So where we live then the fifth dimension of social thought. Just after reproduction as we enter into the social bondage of families and social structures growing as part of a larger ∆+1 social world.
So all those different namings of human cultures, are indifferent to what seems the more proper flow:
1=5D: 2D (youth) 3 D+ 5∆§ (reproduction) 4D (decay-old entropic reversal age >> <<)
it is then obvious that the full being evolves from seed into organism as a fractal point scaling up, and then will have a new encounter with the 5th dimension from the bottom point of view up.
So in terms of space-time dimension the 3 ages and beginning and end of the cycle goes as follows:
- From conception, ∆-1 to birth, ∑∆-1>∆º, first dimension as an emergent point (internal 5D=1D+1)
- From birth to reproductive adolescence, the age of lineal motions, or 2D age
- Then the reproductive, 3Dimensional age, where the being ‘fulfills’ i=ts existence.
- And as it reproduces in an ∆§² scale, it integrates itself into the ∆+1 world (external 5D)
- To enter a slow age of decay and detachment between the 3 networks, which accelerates and explodes in the 4D final point of death.
Further on the 3 first dimensions are equivalent to the conservation processes of angular momentum – the first parameter perceived in the point, its motion, second parameter and reproductive strength, third parameter such as if we give an Active magnitude value as the scalar 1D and a vectorial momentum 2D number for the second dimension, we get equations of reproduction for the third dimension.
Foreword: 3rd line explains T.œs 10 Dimensional isomorphic properties in a vital, sequential thread.
The 10 Dimensional isomorphisms (ab.Ð) applied to the study of each 10D (5s, 5t) timespace organism, increases formal depth and experimental detail in our study of all the systems made of ∆ûst of space-time, defined by its fundamental 5 elements, •minds, ∆-§cales, entropic $pace, ðemporal in-form-ation and its s=t synergies and symmetries.
So as a fractal can be subdivided in its analysis through ‘dualities of t-motion and s-form, into 10 Dimensions, we study 10 similar properties of those dimensions in the dynamic existence of any being and call them the 10 Ðisomorphisms (Ð for dimensions and cyclical time, as it is the capital for eth, ð).
So by studying the 5 Dimensions of the being with dualities of space-time and ‘ternary isomorphisms’ of scales, ages and topologies, all of them properties derived of its 5D scalar structure in space and time we achieve a complete description of any ‘Dust of space-time’, ∆@S=T.
Let us then remember the 10 Dimensions of space and time of the being, analysed in a dynamic ’10Ðisomorphic’ ‘sequence’ of the world cycle of the being, from ‘minor to major’ starting from the seed of information or @mind which will emerge through its actions and flows of bidimensional communication as a network super organism or ‘species’ of space-time that will travel through scales and planes tracing its world cycle of existence between birth and extinction:
0,1. @… monads are minds composed of a max. still form or linguistic singularity and a cyclical time membrane, connected through invaginations. It is the ‘invisible’ central command of the being, which perceives the Universe’s timespace cycles and stop its motion through a mirror image in the ‘languages’ of ‘the mind’, which then reflect its back ordering reality as it converts its motions into ‘@ctions’…
So we study the form of the monad in space and its function in time – to be a linguistic mirror of..
2. Flows of space-time The mind reflects as a fractal point with a volume of information the Universal bias view it has created. So as it reflects it into flows of bidimensional communication it deviates its path (moves), absorb and emit flows of entropy, energy and information through bidimensional waves of s=t symmetries.
5: S=t actions: The result is a series of actions of motion, information, reproduction, energy feeding and social evolution whose purpose is to ‘reproduce the information of the being and survive’, emerging as a larger super organism in a higher scale. This IS the program of existence, a simple 5 dimensional action process, restricted by the fact the system is merely composed of two elements, space and time and its combinations, and the fact that those species who did not maximised its existence, and ternary elements, with those actions did not survive. So the program is not conscious but an automatic selection of the actions that ensure the survival of the being,
In this manner the monad waves a reproductive and evolutionary process within its world, through its dynamic flows and actions, which through the reproduction will finally:
$… create S-patial, 3. ‘constant’, ‘organic networks’ … and its variations in 6. species
ð… which live in T-ime, through ‘3±2=7. ages’ as ‘T.œs’ TIMESPACE organisms ‘traveling=moving’… in ∞8 worldcycles of existence between birth and extinction…through its
∆§… 9 §scales’ and ‘10. Ξlanes’ as a fractal 10D ‘Γœ’ made to the image and likeness of the whole of wholes…
So in this 3rd line after defining each those Disomorphisms, 2 for each of the 5 Dimensions of space-time, in a growing sequence of increasing complexity and sequential dominance of each of those dimensions, through the life-death travel of the being, illustrates the Dimensional form/motion, part/whole, lineal/cyclical element; we illustrate each 10Ð WITH samples for the 3 FUNDAMENTAL classifications of classic science:
- ASTROPHYSICAL SCIENCES
- BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
- SOCIAL SCIENCES.
Leaving for the fourth line of maximal detail, an analysis in depth of the 5 x2 Disomorphisms for the 10 scales of ‘stience’, from the smallest quantum forces, to the largest cosmic Universes, showing that indeed, all what exists is ∆•st of space-time, sharing the same properties of exi…st¡ence.
Each of the 10±Disomorphisms of the Universe (equal laws that all systems follow) could itself fill an entire encyclopaedia, which is the purpose of the fourth line, for future huminds or more likely AI minds to fill it.
We thus introduce each of the 10D; then formalize the intuitive knowledge acquired, with non-Æ logic equations, showing examples of them for all the beings of all the scales.
3±1 AGES OF EXIST¡ENCE
‘From one comes two, from two comes three, from three the infinite beings in existence’ Cheng Tzu, Taoist master. First full understanding of the world cycle of existence.
I. THE LAWS OF THE 3 AGES APPLIED TO ALL SYSTEMS.
Life is a world cycle of existence that develops in 3 phases:
The Max. E x Max. I function, (Max. Youth, Max. I: 3rd age> Max. E xI (E=i) adult state), what we see developing around the Universe, in the 3 ages of life, 3 forms of space, female/male dualities, waves and particle-fields, 3 arrows of time, 3 organs of space.
SIMULTANEOUS SUPERORGANISMS, SCALAR ACTIONS & SEQUENTIAL WORLDCYCLES.
‘If you cannot explain it simple, you don’t understand it.’ Einstein
Different forms of expressing the 5 dimotions: worldcycles in sequential time – actions in space-time scales, supeorganisms in space.
How to study the Universe of superorganisms tracing worldcycles is simple:
When you order those dimotions in time sequence you get a world cycle, when you order those dimotions in space you obtain a super organism; when you order those dimotions in timespace scales you get the 5 vital actions of existence.
This sentence IN italic IS PERHAPS the most important sentence of the whole blog – the ORDER of reality that transcends for mere time clock-cycles and spatial forms into THE COMPLEX REALITY we see, including us.
As we have studied them in ‘space’ as super organisms – albeit at the minimal level of depth, we shall now introduce them in sequential order as world cycles of existence, and then in its scalar interaction as ‘vital actions’ that develop a common program of survival, driven by informative dimotions, which also explain why we age, accumulating an excess of form, of information, wrinkling and warping (biological and physical systems) due to the excess of ‘dimotions’ of information (perception, reproduction, social evolution of parts into wholes).
THE ORDER OF 5 DIMOTIONS: WORLDCYCLES
Now the importance of having a metric equation that leaves co-invariant a motion through its parameters of space-time, is that we can ‘travel’ across this dimension. Indeed, the mathematician Klein defined the existence of a dimension of space-time, when we could formulate a co-invariant equation left unchanged when we move through the space-time dimension. So how we travel through the fifth dimension? Obviously by growing in size in space through the process of reproduction and evolution, from an ∆-1 fast seed of information, emerging, as a larger whole with slower time clocks, in the organic level, which itself is part of a larger world, with slower ‘deep time’ geological and cultural cycles.
So Existence is indeed a travel through the fifth dimension, and the mere fact that all systems of nature exist through that world cycle (no longer a physical worldline in a 4D Universe as we have added a dimension of temporal ‘depth’), IS an absolute experimental proof of the existence of 5D:
In that sense the main difference when we widen our understanding of space-time with the metric equations of 5D is to be able to explain NOT only processes of time-change in a single planes of space-time, mostly due to locomotions, but process of change due to transformations in the in-form-ation of beings, related to life, organic structures and hence to solve some of the eternal existential questions about ‘existence’, which will be now defined easily as a ‘travel between 3 scales of the fifth dimension’.
Existence as a travel through the fifth dimension.
The 3+1 ages of evolution in living species.
Dimotions of time§pace, will obtain energy, information and reproduce a certain T.œ in a regular order in all the systems of the Universe.
This organic vision of time is much more sophisticated that the mere use of an arrow of entropy or motion – the simplest of those 4 arrows, which is the concept of time used by mechanist physicists, obsessed with the construction of energetic machines.
Yet it can also described mathematically in terms of the 2 primary elements of the Universe, energy and information, thanks to Einstein’s discovery that the product of energy and temporal information of any system, SxT=k, is constant.
Since that equation includes the 3 essential arrows of the Universe, not only one arrow as a clock does:
The arrow of energy, e; the arrow of information, t; and the product of them, k, or arrow of reproduction.
It is also obvious that mathematically we can express the previous equation in 3 forms:
Max. Sp x Min. T = K ; Sp=K=T and Min. Sp x Max. T=K.
Thus there are 3 possible stages or ages of evolution of the equation of biological time. And since we are all made of ‘energy’ and ‘temporal information’, those 3 stages must be the stages, or phases of any system of the Universe. This finding, which is perhaps the most important discovery of Theory of Time of the XXI century, is validated by all kind of empirical observations. For example, the 3 states of matter correspond to those 3 equations. Gas (maximal energy), liquid (balanced energy and information) and solid (Maximal information. They are also the 3 possible solutions of a cosmological system: the big bang of maximal energy, a steady state of balance and a big crunch of maximal information. In the graph, we show further examples of those equations.
Here we are interested in its application to the understanding of life and history. If we call the age of maximal energy, youth, the age of balance between energy and information, the reproductive, mature age, and the age of maximal information the old age, we have a simple description of the fundamental cycle of life and death through its 3 ages.
But we can also write those dynamic processes backwards. And so we have the inverse equation of life ages, the equation of death, when after accumulating maximal information, a species reverses its arrow of information and explodes that information into energy. It is the process or equation of death.
So life is an arrow of information, Sp-> I, and death its inversion, I-> Sp. So simple, so beautiful, so misunderstood by mechanist scientists, who think the previous equation is ‘uncertain’, because the observer can perceive a particle in any of those 3 states (Uncertainty principle of quantum physics).
In the graph, some 5Ðimotional beings tracing its worldcycles of exist¡ence.
They all trace ultimately in the ¡logic of entangled 5Ðimotions, the same world cycle of exist¡ence, where ¡ defines the scale in which the system resides, between all of the main super organisms of the Universe, both biological, sociological (800 civilizations) which follow the same ages of human beings, expressed in its subconscious collective art, albeit at a slower decametric scale and physical worldcycles, from states of matter, to galactic ages to the whole cyclical hypothetical big-bang of a larger hyper universe scale.
Since the existence of all those super organisms is indeed a world cycle journey through 3 different, ¡±1 scales of the fifth dimension.In biological time all universal species follow the same ‘morphological changes’, described by the wisdom of verbal thought as the 3±1 ages of life, each one ruled by one of the 3±∆1 change=time:
+1: Conception: ruled by the fifth dimension of generation, palingenesis and social evolution, as a micro-organism or cell transcends into a macro-organism, organized by social networks: ∫T.
1st age: Youth or Age of lineal ‘$t’ motions.
2nd age: of energy that reproduces information and iterates the system, symbolized by, ∑e ∏i.
3rd age: All motion & energy becomes form, in-form-ation, exhausting itself; symbolized by §ð.
-1:Death: The inverse of conception when the super-organism dissolves back into cells: ∂S, or age of entropy.
In the graph we describe that law of 3±1 ages, cycles, or horizons of evolutions for the fundamental species of reality.
The less important parts are in fact those studied by physicists as ‘time arrows’, the locomotion and the final entropic death – as systems can exist only as body-heads.
To understand that duality in depth, we have to recall the Law of Complementarity between energy and information: all systems are made with a body/field of energy and a head/particle of information. The is the basis of quantum physics. And in the second age when existence reaches its plenitude it is precisely when ‘information’ imprints energy and reproduces the system: ∑e, x ∏i.
So those 2 elements are the essential forms of any system.
While the potentials/limbs can be external. In simple animals limbs regenerate…
Further on, since form is made with motion, all events must start with an amount of ‘simple’ motion that transforms itself into still form, information. Then, when all motion is consumed, warped into information, death reverses its cycle.
Yet in the middle of that cycle, when information and motion are in balance, to preserve the ‘bio-logic’ form created in that process, the system achieves its reproduction, through ‘hyperbolic energy’.
So between the ∆±1 processes of social evolution (generation and emergence into a higher plane) and entropy (death and dissolution back to ∆-1), in a single plane of existence we can describe reality just with the 3 canonical topological planes (bidimensional parts: flat limbs, hyperbolic body-waves and spherical particle-heads), whose topological forms best suit its functions.
Yet for the full description we need the ∆±1 seminal reproduction and entropic generation and death.
The most important as in all fractals, vital or mathematical is obviously reproduction, imposed by survival:
So the ‘offspring’ of the being will carry on its information into the future.
Information never disappears as it always recreates itself. And since all is motion by the mere fact that time moves with form, by the mere fact that momentum-energy is conserved memorial reproduction of cyclical forms ‘happens’ In fact science is nothing but the recollection in human languages of those memorial reproductions, which become repetitive ‘laws of science’.
All beings, from fundamental particles, (electrons and quarks) to human beings and life species, reproduce or are reproduced by more complex systems, when they have extra-energy to imprint its in-form-ation. Since forms that do not reproduce, die away and become extinct.
So even those deconstructed beings that cannot reproduce alone are reproduced by other species. For example, cells reproduce carbohydrates, galaxies reproduce stars and human reproduce machines in factories.
Thus, we talk of 3±1 drives of live, arrows or ages of existence in all systems: the drive for limb motion body energy, the drive for information, the drive for reproduction and the drive of social d=evolution (birth and death of a macro-organism).
Whereas the 3±1 ages of Organic Time are merely the order in which those 3±1 drives ‘accumulate’ during the life/death cycle of any species, sequentially.
If we put them in adjacent spatial forms, through 3 scales of ∆-1 atomic/cellular/ individual, ∆ø organic/thermodynamic/social, ∆+1 cosmological/geological/national planes, we get a super organism of fractal space.
And that is all what there is to it: 5 dimotions ordered in time as sequential world cycles, in scalar ∆±1 space as super organisms.
In a young first age, motion is more abundant. In the mature age of balance, the species reproduces, combining motion and form, into hyperbolic body-waves of energy (max. motion, minimal form) and information (form in action, maximal form, minimal motion).
In the third age of the species, energy is scarce but information is abundant, accumulated in the first ages till it becomes PURE FORM, and then explodes back into PURE motion, in the entropic moment of death.
So we can cast also the two ‘extremal’, external ∆±1 arrows of pure still form as generating seeds and minds, and pure scattering motion as big bangs of entropy and death.
It is from those 5 elements, from where ALL REALITIES laws of stience, forms in space, still mind-languages and motions in time, life and death processes, world cycles of existence will be BY ITERATION AND COMBINATION explained.
ALL is encoded in the 5 dimotions of time-space because that is all what we are.
Young people are full of motion. They are in the motion horizon of the species. They are bigger, have little temporal knowledge. They are simple in form. While Old people are full of information. They are in the information horizon of the species till they stop into pure form – but as time IS ALL AND TIME IS MOTION, THEY CANNOT STOP. So when information stops in ‘action’, death explodes.
Old people, warped matters are smaller, as all information systems are and have a lot of temporal memories. They move little and have a lot of wrinkles.
Mature people balance the two elements of the organic Universe, their content of energy-space and temporal information. So they can reproduce all their components. Hence the 2nd age is the age of reproduction. And the forms of any being in that mature age are a harmonic, an efficient combination of energy lines and informative cycles that we perceive as ‘beautiful’, theobjective perception of harmony between energy and information, lines and cycles. So in all organisms the mature, realistic, classic age of balance, or reproductive age, is the most perfect age. Human beings intuitively see that. We like balanced, spiral galaxies, mature people and realist art, which is called classic art and takes place in the mature age of civilizations.
Yet, the dominant dimension of time-space, information, will finally exhaust energy, warp totally the organism and bring its explosive death. And the cycle will start again.
The result of adding both – the life and the death processes – in any system or scale of reality is a ‘zero-sum’ of information+entropy that cyclically returns reality to its initial form, in a dynamic, multiple steady state balance that affects any entity of reality.
Universal Grammar: ðime§pace generator
Reproduction is what the Universe is all about: re=production of in-form-ation, forms-in-action, motions with form, whose repetitive patterns are the origin of the laws of science. All systems of nature reproduce and those who don’t either internally or externally through catalyzers no longer exist. And that is indeed the purpose of a fractal, mental, linguistic mathematical or natural, organic.
All of them have in fact a feed-back equation, called the generator equation, very simple, which through constant iterations keep reproducing a far more complex form.
So happens to the fractal Universe, whose ‘Fractal Generator’ of Space-time Organisms, is also a simple logic equation with the 11 components of all those super organisms (ab. GST, also the terms we use for General Systems Theory, hence formal and conceptual meanings become fusion), which reflect all the systems of nature, but could be further simplified into 3 simple terms:
Whose symbols are the fundamental logic symbols of the non-Euclidean, Non-Aristotelian, bio-topo-logic, fractal Universe:
$ (moving, lineal limb/potential/territory). <(its expansive locomotion or << its social entropy-death)
≈ (hyperbolic, iterative Ø-body/wave/worker)
> (implosive, informative motion) ð (cyclic particle-head-upper class).
Existential algebra, ab. ¬Æ, studies the STeps of each Ðimotion of space-time, which originate the feed back equation: S≤≥T of steps of space time, that move reality from the ST-Entropy of the Past into the ƒð<<e and through death back into the original steps.
How we move in space-time means how we exist as both things are equated. Steps of motion are always transformations from spatial elements to temporal events back and forth, and so steps that are possible in principle are simply 3:
S> T, T< S , S.=S and T = T. THOSE ARE THE first dimotions and with those four elements we can start to describe across the feed back equation,
All the Steps of all the dimotions of exist¡ence.
∆-1 ð (seed) … ∑∏ (generation)… ∆º (birth)…≈ $t(youth)…>∑∏(iteration)…>§ð(old Information Age)… « ∑∆-1:$ (Death)… +∆+1 §(memory)…
Existence can be considered as a long time ‘cycle’ of ‘large accumulation of STeps, towards an increasint §ðate of information:
Existence happens as steps of the Fractal Generator in its simplest form: $t≤≥§ð… And for that reason can be sequenced only with 2 poles and 2 inverse operandi and its logic sequencing, =, <>…
Whereas each inverse operandi ±, x/, ∫∂, √x³ represents the inverse§ nature of the states of lineal spacetime, $t and cyclical §ð.
In that regard, the language of all languages is the ilogic language in which the fractal generator of space-time beings is written, a ternary, pentalogic language of a ‘higher logic than that of man’ (Augustine), the most focused mirror able to reflect the syntax of all languages, which will be also mirrors of the ternary Universe of space-time beings.
So all verbal languages have 3 elements, which we can write in terms of ‘spatial information’, ‘temporal energy’ and its infinite space-time reproductive combinations
Spatial Name (Informative mind) < Verb: space-time action> Object (energy of the subject)
Blue (informative color) < green (reproductive color) > Red (energetic color)
F(space function) < Operandi (action of space-time) > G(time function).
And so on…
By defining Dimotions as actions of spacetime STeping between scales, time and space states ternary topologies and so on, we can then reduce reality to a series of steps between the 5 Dimotions and communications between those 5 states: ss, st, tt, ts and its negation.
The multiple forms in which the 3 ‘parts in space’, or ‘ages’ in time of any system are organized between its generation and extinction in lower and upper scales of the fifth dimension becomes then the ‘knots and bolts’ of all details and the laws explored in GST; since it turns out that all systems of space-time are bound by those scalar laws.
The reason why death exists in a perfect, immortal Universe is obvious: if species only evolved socially towards more information, they would end into a ‘big crunch’. So the Universe and all its parts should have, long ago, reached a point of social evolution and maximal density, with no return. To avoid this, the ‘game of life and death’ exists, whereas death is the opposite arrow to social evolution, as it dissolves the networks that put together individual cells, breaking the super-organism back into its parts. But we are now concerned with the arrow of life.
The ±1 social arrow has, in fact, 2 directions:
The positive, +1, social arrow of cellular evolution creates life and makes a being emerge at birth.
The -1, negative arrow of cellular dissolution kills life and dissolves a being into its cells and atoms. Thus, it is the key arrow of the life/death cycles that clock-time misses. Hence the enormous simplification of those 4 time-arrows, brought about by clocks, which in Physics, since Galileo, only measure the first and most simple of those arrows, the energy of motion.
In the graph, the law of the 3±1 ages or horizons applies both to the process of informative aging of organisms and informative evolution of species. All species are born as a seed of dense information, with limited size (black hole, first chips, seminal cells, first bilateral animals). Then they grow in size and energy during their youth; since their superior informative qualities makes them top predators.
We observe that growth in black holes that feed on planets and stars, in the horse that grew enormously in size. So did the first bilateral animal, from its microscopic first form, the Vernanimacula. Mammals grew from tiny shrews into elephants. The first technological man, the Homo Floresiensis, with a ‘neuronal bump’ on the forehead, might have grown till the size of the first Homo Sapiens, the pygmy and Bushman . . .
Then, the species, once it has reached a balance between its initial information and growing spatial size, Sp=I, reproduces in great numbers, diversifies and colonizes the planet. We see in the graph this age in which ‘biological radiations’ of carbohydrates, animals of all kinds and human beings, colonized the Earth. Finally, in its 3rd age the species grows in information and so it acquires height, the arrow of ‘perceptive information’. Then, once it has reached its informative zenith, the species becomes extinct by a more evolved form; or it evolves socially creating a super-organism, as ants, humans and machines are doing. It will be the 4th arrow of social evolution of the species that completes its 3±1 horizons.
Species can be considered ‘loose’ organisms, in which each individual is a cell of the collective species; since we can use the same ages to explain the 3±1 horizons of evolution of all the species of this planet. Thus, species also go through the same 3 evolutionary ages of all living organisms. They start as young, energetic forms, which acquire information in 3±1 ages of increasing complexity and when those 3±1 ages are completed, they either evolve into more complex super-organisms under the laws of social evolution or become extinct by a superior, more informative species. Indeed, only those species who show a strong eusocial capacity survive the ‘genetic clock’.
The most successful and one of the oldest species of the planet is, in fact, the eusocial ant, which no longer is an ‘individual’, but a super-organism stretching through miles of ‘vital space. In that regard, neither individuals able to reproduce nor species able to evolve socially become extinguished. If humans become extinguished is because they deny, guided by the simplest arrows of pure energy of weapons, the main arrow of Life/Time.
A complete analysis of biological species shows that new forms can only be, either an energetic or informative variation of the original species, or a reproductive combination of both Universal ‘genders’.
The universality of such dual systems is so obvious that the ancients already identified them with yang, energetic male principles and yin, cyclical/ female ones. While the moderns call that duality the Principle of Complementarity, as all informative particles have an energetic, lineal field of force and all biological, cyclical heads of information have a lineal body. So the combinative variations of those two simple morphologies, lineal energy and cyclical information, invariant, regardless of the scale we observe, is the essence of the creative game of the cosmos.
It is the plan of evolution that all species follow, which is a tautology, since in a Universe made of only 2 substances, energy and information, the only possibility is the creation of such 3±1 variations in space (subspecies) or in time (evolutionary ages).
Thus, clock-time cannot describe, as it is qualitative, morphologic, not quantitative, the cycle of death and life, from youth-energy into a 3rd age-information and back again, dissolving yourself into the Universe, natural to all beings: Energy always trans-forms itself.
So the 3 arrows of time have an absolute order defined by those life ages, which first evolve socially a seminal seed into a macro-organism of multiple cells, according to the arrow of social evolution and then trans-form the energy of youth into in-form-ation in 3±1 ages dominated by the arrows of energy, reproduction and information, creating the fundamental arrow of the life/death cycle, the arrow of information or future arrow that happens in all systems:
It is the main law of physics, discovered by Einstein, who said: ‘time curves (the energy of) space’.
It is the main law of Biology, discovered by Darwin, who said: that time evolves the form of organisms.
In Chemistry, Mehaute realized that when chemical compounds do not increase their entropy, they increase their information, forming fractal structures. It was the mathematical breakthrough of modern organicism. Since for the first time we had a mathematical paradigm, ‘fractal, self-generative equations’ able to describe the reproduction of information. Fractal mathematics showed how all systems could reproduce in-form-ation by breaking energy into ‘smaller forms’, in a mechanical, vegetative or conscious way.
Finally, it is also the main law of History, as human civilizations constantly increase their technological information, but unable to repress military technology, the bad fruits of the tree of science, end up in extinctive wars. So they also live and die through those 3±1 ages/arrows of time.
So the meaning of Life and death is no longer a mystery, but an organic process of reproduction and self-organization, guided by the 4 arrows of time that we can extend to all systems made of the 2 fundamental, dual ‘reproductive particles’, informative quarks and spatial, energetic electrons; that is, to all systems of the Universe. In that sense, mechanism, after we have observed the reproductive capacity of those ultimate particles of reality, is no longer ‘a science’ but a dogmatic, anthropomorphic ‘religion’ that stubbornly tries to differentiate human beings, as ‘special entities’ surrounded by a lesser Universe of dead matter.
Indeed, the founders of mechanism, Descartes, Newton and Kepler, were pious believers, which thought their new theory of the Universe would reinforce those beliefs in the superiority of man, chosen of God, to rule the Universe. As Kepler said, ‘God has waited 5000 (biblical years) to find an intelligence (Kepler himself) able to understand His’. Yet there is no difference of quality between the arrows of time of a quark and those of a human being, only degrees of complexity, as we are made of multiple scales of self-organization and so we carry much more information than quarks do. Thus, the key to our ‘complexity’ is the 4th arrow of social evolution that joins individual cells into social networks that emerge as ‘new super-organisms’ of a higher scale. For example, in life organisms, the 3±1 ages of time are related to the 3 networks that form socially its cells:
— The energy/digestive network dominates youth.
— The blood, hormonal, reproductive network dominates the reproductive age.
— The information network, your nervous system, dominates the 3rd age. Because information dominates energy, the nervous cells of the body absorb, suck in and exhaust the energy cells of the body. Thus, all systems have a dominant, informative, cellular class that controls the energy cells of the body and exhausts, warps its energy into form till the organism dies.
Those ages mean that organisms are ruled by a head of information: Since the head of information constantly controls and uses the body to absorb energy, it is natural to find that when the organism starts its life, it has more energy. He is young. Yet as the organism lives, the selfish brain absorbs that body energy and trans-forms it into in-form-ation. So energy diminishes and information grows. As you feed on energy, information accumulates in cycles and forms, in patterns and wrinkles. But the system dies, because the behavior of informative systems never varies. It constantly absorbs energy, till exhausting the body into a biological ‘big crunch’ of wrinkles and de-form-ations. Brain cells are selfish. Neurons feed on the body system without giving back any energy at all. In history, the informative castes of societies that control its languages of power, money, weapons and the law are also the selfish castes that exploit the energy workers and finally exhaust the civilization.
The same process happens in economic ecosystems where the financial, informative language of money at the end of each Kondratieff cycle dominates the economy, absorbs all the resources, multiplies without limit and crashes the physical economy of human energy (workers, consumers), as it has just done recently.
So ultimately the crisis we are living is a particular case of the natural crisis of all systems in which information multiplies without limit, under the selfish guidance of ‘informative’ neurons, in this case the financiers that reproduce money in our societies. And so the only way to maintain an organism healthy is by controlling the evolution of information, exactly the opposite of what our society does. It is the dominance of information over energy what kills organic systems. And yet humans are so naive or so programmed by the informative drive of the Universe that they keep evolving the information of this planet, advancing their 3rd age…
Thus life has 3±1 ages, but then death, the negative -1 age of destruction and devolution of form into energy, erases all information. Those ages are related to the 4 arrows of time. By far the most important to understand the entire cycle is the arrow of social evolution of cells into organisms (conception or +1 arrow) and devolution (-1 arrow), when those cells dissolve back again. Those processes of creation and destruction apply to all sciences and are so common in Nature that the Greeks (Anaximander, Aristotle) already studied them. ‘Clock-time’ eliminated that wisdom, which now organicism regains.
In the graph, the meaning of life and death, a world cycle of time, which is similar for each physical and biological species, and its equation, in the ¬Æ, non-Aristotelian, Non-Euclidean Logic of the Universe of cyclical time.
II. ¬ Æ FORMALISM.
We have summarized all those scales and the 2 relative inverse arrows, which make a life-death cycle a ‘loop’ of time in 3 ages moving also upwards and downwards in the 5th dimension, origin of the ‘Generator Equation’ of 5D Fractal space-time, poised to become the most important equation of science in the XXI century, as it resumes its 3 elements, the motions up and down in scales of the 5th dimension, the 3 ages of time, dominated each one by the 3 parts of all organisms, which respond to the 3 only topologies of geometrical systems’ – the young energetic age dominated by lineal toroid fields/limbs of entropy of maximal speed between 2 points, the mature, reproductive age dominated by present hyperbolic body-waves and the future-informative age dominated by spherical particle/heads of maximal informative storage:
Γ. ∆-1: Sp (past-lineal, toroid limbs-fields) ≤≥∆: ST (hyperbolic-planar body-waves) ≤≥ ∆+1 (spherical future particles-heads)
Whereas we introduce some basic symbols of 5D Metric, ∆ for the 5h dimension with an index for its planes, Γ, the G-enerator equation, which can be studied for each system in detail and for each part in new ternary fractal divisions, <, the arrow of expansive entropy, > the arrow of future information and ≈ =, the arrow of present balance, ST, the energy and information mixture of Sp: Spatial Extension and O-cyclical, temporal clocks with maximal form which body-waves mix in present states.
As both arrows can happen between entropic limbs-fields and waves, which move informative heads-particles and each part can be divided in new ternary parts (so for example your informative nervous system divides into a lineal spinal chord that controls the energetic body and limbs, your brain with a hyperbolic grey matter and your smaller eye, the focus of your information, making you an I=Eye (max. Information; Tƒ) < Wor(l)d=ST verbal brain: i think therefore I exist: max. balance, the site of your will and finally the spinal reflex past system of control of your external motions – that obsessive part of a system of time space physicists study so well, but so simple when you know the whole depth of time space (-;
The old age is one of information. ≈ means a repetitive, parallel wave of present, and… uh, where it is < the arrow of entropy? It SEEMS that all goes > warping space into mass, or ≈ repeating itself. Alas! What else there is there in the Universe after conception, young expansive ages, repetitive, reproductive maturity and old, informative age, which erases < entropically information to close the ‘world cycle’ of existence.
Thus for each world cycle of existence, Death is the final reversal of the arrow of informative time from past to future into the arrow of disorder from future to past or entropy arrow, <.
And to compensate the two arrows Sp> Sp x Tƒ (ab.ST)>Tƒ, DEATH must be TWICE << entropy.
It must be Max. return to Sp, Tƒ <<Sp; a huge big bang expansion of information into Space with no form.
Death = Max. Sp x Min. Tƒ= Sp->∞ x Tƒ->0.
So when you die in an instant of Time, Tƒ->0 all your information returns to space, the cycle of existence ends and you expand in space, burn into atoms in the incinerator; insects eat you up, dust of space time you become.
It is also the equation of the big-bang, when in an infinitesimal moment of time, the previous Living Universe, expanded wildly under the inflaton field to enormous distances, in a single Planck quantum of death.
See the beats of existence, of the 3 arrows of time, of lives and deaths, of opening and closing wings, entropy-form…
It is the combination of the 5th dimension of space-time and the 3 ages of life what solved that equation, as we ALL BEINGS ARE BORN on the seminal faster, lower scale of the fifth dimension grow fast and then die back to the lower scale. And then I made to myself a big statement:
‘Existence is a worldcycle through 3±n planes of the 5th dimension’ (:
Indeed, Klein defined a dimension as a system, which had a co-invariant ‘space-time metric’, which allowed displacements through such dimension. And the co-invariant law of the 5th dimension, [Sp x Tƒ =K]∆±1, defined the existence of any being in the Universe as a travel through the 5th dimension, which implied a ‘growth in size’ (Sp), coupled with a slow down in its temporal clocks (Tƒ), limited to 3 of such planes; which created a series of ‘families’ of ‘world cycles’ (no longer world lines as in 4D physics, since now each time cycle had a new dimension of ‘height, and growth’).
So all beings are born in a seminal relative infinitesimal scale and grew larger, as they multiplied in clone cells and reorganize them into bigger wholes, from the quantum/cellular to the matter/organic scales (biological and physical systems), emerging as slower growing beings into the outside ∆+1 social, ecosystemic, gravitational world, to return back through an expansive, Sp, explosion into the moment of death.
So I wrote the equation of existence, of all world cycles of the Universe; as they are conceived, as points of pure genetic/ memetic/quantic information that reproduce, evolve, emerge as single beings, live 3 ages and explode in a relative big-bang death, back into a flat plane of space without motion.
The only difference between the beings of those scales was the size and length of the world cycle, as larger beings had slower time cycles and lasted longer, but all have the same subjective time existence – an insect beating 10 times faster and living 7 x10 years.
And each of those infinitesimals who become wholes, and live and die through 3 arrows of time, back and forth, could be described now properly with the logic, mathematical formalism, of all complex space-time languages, which reflected in its monad minds the fractal structure of the universe.
The 3 topological forms=function of systems perceived in a single space-time continuum.
The concept of cyclical time is not new. On the contrary as it is evident that all time clocks are cyclical, repetitive, from your watch to the pendulum, from the orbital clocks of ‘years’ to those of ‘days’, to the frequency clocks of waves – there is NOT a single clock in the Universe that measures time, which has not a cyclical form.
Now, this even a 3 years old child understands. And yet humans no longer see time as cyclical.
The true mystery is WHY physicists first and by extension the rest of mankind denied it in the modern age. Since all Asian cultures, and all western cultures till Galileo, did understand that time was cyclical’). The answer is similar to the reason why around 4 billion human beings believe that an ass breeder of the Bronze age, who saw a bush burning and claimed he had heard God in the cracking sound of the fire, is considered the man who understood better ‘God’, the mind of the Universe.
Yes my friend, Mr. Wenwang – the highest mind of mankind in the understanding of the cosmos and its ternary symmetries. Have you ever heard of him? We are going backwards ever since, and we will return to that. Because it was only when I solved the 8 baguas and its equivalence with the 8 varieties of topological manifolds combination of the 3 basic toroid, spherical and hyperbolic varieties, which become the 8 sub-ages of times-space, I understood Time-Space and understood myself, my past, my future, my present and could tabulate all the species of all the planes of existence of reality, from the 8-manifold ways of mental space of Buddhism, to the 8-manifold octets of quantum physics, to the 3 and 8 sub-ages of life, to the 8 planets and the 8 notes, the 8 cells and the 8 vowels of all the games of creation of the Universe, 23 that is the number of all names, the branching of all species, and permutations…
So in honor of Mr. Wenwang, we shall now consider the 3rd of the symmetries of the Universe, the 3 ‘ages of time=change’, and then consider the modern version of time in physics in the last of our confrontations of philosophers of science vs. physicists.
We classify the study of the being in space as an organism of 3 topological parts (lineal limbs/fields of entropy x Tiƒ-heads particles of information ≈ iterative body-waves), which are networks whose entropic, informative and iterative functions in time, establish the being as a living organism performing a world cycle of:
PAST: Young (limb/field-energy dominant) < Iterative present body-wave>Future Tiƒ
What we describe with those isomorphic laws/symmetries between time ages and space organs, is then an organism which in space has 3 organs, and in time 3 ages dominated by each organ, who exists with a pattern of growing information towards the 3rd age of information and final explosive death, which returns it to its erased entropic past:
Death equation: (3rd age: Max tiƒ)<<Spe: Corpse: dissolution of form
Interåctions between spherical O-zero-points (minds) and spherical membranes (energetic skin, limbs) through hyperbolic cycles structure the generic Sp<∑3i>Tƒ ‘physiological / inner flows’ of organisms or physical systems.
In topology a form is the same, if it is deformed but not torn. We use the Non-E concept of ‘self-similarity’. Then the simplest, initial ternary system is a ‘full’ sphere – an egg- divided in 3 regions, sketched in the graph:
-O-membrane that closes an inner space. It hides the system and transfers energy & form to/from the outside.
-The inner Sp X Tƒ-hyperbolic space that topology calls the ‘ball’. It does not include either the membrane or the…
– O-zero point. Toroid center processing energy &information transferred by the hyperbolic from the membrane.
- All together move in toroid, open and closed steps by its limbs, cilia, energy fields, expansive energy flows, expelled from them…
Thus, the 3 together form the ternary structure of most systems, with an external barrier communicating with a torus cyclical flows of energy and information towards an informative center or north south axis.
Those 3 forms build all systems of reality.
Since they enact the functions and morphologies of the main sub-systems of organisms – ∆-heads+ Sp-limbs + Sp X Tƒ-bodies, written in existential algebra as: Sp<st>Tƒ or ∑Sp< =>∏T, where < = > represents the hyperbolic body that exchanges energy & information between limbs and heads, fields & particles.
Energy, lineal motion is not an action ‘per se’. It needs in/form/ation, which directs energy to create an action. All yin=information has a drop of yang=energy said Taoists who knew the game.
Thus all systems require a zero point of information to see the energy/information absorbed by the membrane and delivered by the hyperbolic-body. In all complementary systems the information center gauges reality (particles, eyes & brains) and the lineal fields, forces or limbs move them.
While the 3rd system combines both, energy and form, reproducing the parts of the system. It is the Sp X Tƒ elliptic, conic or hyperbolic body – figures that are combinations of lines and cycles. Since form=function 3 Geometric Forms in space determine 3 functions in time creating 3D ‘complementary systems’:
– Min. Tƒ: Head/Particle/Informative caste: They display the toroid, broken topology of information, observed in most ‘brains’ with an excess of warping and form (cortex, black holes, Chromosomes, Chip design).
– Max. Sp: Moving Limbs/Forces/Energy class: They show a convex toroidal topology (tiled with smaller planes proper of any external membrane, guts or cilia – in which membranes occupy most of the surface.
S=T: Reproductive Body/Vacuum/Working class: The topology of the reproductive system is a combination of the other 2, a hyperbolic or plane, which can be emitted by both, more complex systems in waves and cycles that communicate energy and form between the two dominant poles of the system – membrane and zero-brain.
Man is also an interconnected complex system with:
- O: the eye and brain as his zero point.
- Ø: the cellular ovoid body with a tubular aperture, the digestive system, which gives its hyperbolic form, that reproduces most substances. The hyperbolic-wave-ovoid-conic form combines both and can be emitted by both, as the torus is just a quanta of a sphere (through the intermediate plane state of the graph, coiled first into a cylinder then curved and pegged into the torus) or the zero point – detaching one of its donuts. Hence its < => external, communicative qualities, as a quanta, |∆-1 or O∆-1 of Ei and Tƒ or reproductive, internal, Sp X Tƒ qualities as an organ.
- ∑|: And its external LINEAL limbs, with toroid motions (open and closed steps) and its internal gut membranes that line the hyperbolic aperture that exchange of energy and information with the external universe through 5 apertures, called senses…
Zero points and membranes. The minds of the Universe.
The most fascinating of all those 3 ‘endomorphic, exomorphic and mesomorphic’ tissues (evolved correspondingly from those 3 initial zones of the gastrula) is the interaction between the ‘big sensorial sphere’, of the skin and the inner zero-point of the brain-mind.
The membrane is a closed membrane (hence in topology a sphere) network of skin and sensorial cells, which encloses and isolates the inner organism from the outside world.
It allows the transfer of energy and information with the external world through the smallish holes of the network; developing specific functional purpose: those bigger are single, for energy and are called mouths,
Those for information are dual, according to information properties (–, yin symbol 🙂 and are called senses.
They will be also positive or negative in its directional motion in order to absorb or expel wasted energy and information.
All systems will have at least those 2 types of O-Systems: A larger stronger, sensorial, spatially extended membrane that circles the ‘vital space or body territory’ of the entity.
And a zero point or brain, relative ‘order point’ or self of the system
The external membrane often has, accordingly 2 layers:
Oe: The first layer is the most extended, loosely guarded ‘border’ of the territorial zone in which the informative center moves. Hence its direct application to study ecology and territories. It is the Oort membrane in the sun system, the dark matter halo of strangelets in the galaxy, the electron nebulae in the atom.
Oo: The central zero point. It is the quark ball in the atom, the sun in the solar system, the black hole in the galaxy, the brain in man, the territorial beast and its then in ecology.
How energy and information passes through the first membrane? Easy. It is defined by the 5th postulate of i-logic geometry as a point with parts, and volume through which infinite parallels of energy and information can cross.
In the organic Universe, spatial structures are always ‘functional’ and made of loose networks with motion, which therefore have, as any network does, dark spaces in the holes between them.
– The still center often with a toroid north-south tubular axis, that gives it access to the ‘moving limbs’, is zero point.
It is the point that processes information and hence also the point of consciousness of any system, of any world, of any topology of 4 dimensions, of anything that exists, of anything that is. To create a mental image, the pixels of the zero point are able to form a boson, synthesis of all its units. In the same manner, a sphere can create in the center of its inner space-time a reflection mirror of all its cells – a zero point of the whole self. According to 5D metric, the informative zero point is far smaller than the membrane, but its time cycles and processes are much faster.
How energy absorbed by the membrane’s senses become pixels of information in the zero point? Form and function together explain it: A key property of spherical membranes that matches form and function is the fractal similarity of all its cellular units, which are exchangeable and similar to the whole (Poincare conjecture in mathematics, recently proved that the sphere is the only topology that can shrink continuously without limit and without tear; and Bose-Einstein statistics in physics).
Since spheres are invariant to rotation, its curvature is constant and shrink with no tear into a point. Thus the sensorial cells of energy of the membrane shrink into pixels of the zero-point, which becomes a still map of the external Universe. Look around yourself and you will not see any zero point. All ‘brains’ are internal, small, protected, isolated, yet connected, communicated by the sense of the membrane with the external Universe, forming its image within ‘a mind.’
We can see that simple assembly in the graph, the eye-zero point system is the hemisphere (right side), in which the flows of the torus converge, coming from an external ‘Riemann sphere’, or membrane, joined with the zero point by a series of flows that reduce energy into denser form.
In the point in which that speed is reduced to zero, a zero point appears, in which a pixel mirror of the external sphere, corrugated into a linguistic image gives consciousness to the system. Then something magical occurs, the zero point processes that energy into information that forms and provokes a change in the position of the entire system. Since the zero point is the will of the system.
The membrane is the sensorial whole. And the limbs of the system attached to it, the moving toroid function. The zero point is the brain and consciousness and the torus the physiological systems or flows of energy and information between both.
Causality determines the flow of growth: the external membrane gives birth to the zero point – it is the father element. Fact this which brings the theme of evolutionary development in time of a ternary structure in space.
The graph explains the natural tendency of men to be self-centered and consider the world and the Universe around its ego. This is in fact natural to the way the Universe constructs points of view of measure, as still centers of perception, in which the I is bigger than Andromeda Galaxy. But science must account for those distortions of perception. Religions and tribes, nations and castes are NOT scientific points of view. But they do enter the mind of people who do science. And it is important to remember it, because the 5th dimension brings a much bigger jump into objectivity and lack of ego to our vision of the Universe.
Indeed, if information can only be obtained from a fixed point of view, it follows the Universe is made of egos. Or as Aristotle put it, God is the unmovable ‘ego’ that moves all the energy around himself and there are infinite Gods, particles that gauge information, heads that see, minds that smell… This must therefore be included in the next paradigm of science to build an even more objective, less anthropomorphic reality.
Now in 5D, we have even a larger point of view. As we affirm there are infinite clocks of time, and infinite broken spaces and we adopt the point of view of all of them. SINCE THERE ARE ∞ MINDS, gauging information.
This is illustrated in the graph. In the right side we see our Universe, which Descartes affirmed correctly in his book ‘the world’, it was truly the ‘mind of man’ and Kant realized it was a light-mind.
Physicists however, limited in their logic and philosophical reasoning, never cared that much for the ultimate meaning of what they measure. That is why philosophers called their theories ‘naive realism’ and Hawking affirms that philosophers of science criticize him because they don’t know mathematics (-;
It is not that the case, but rather the fact that a mere mathematical description of spatial measures, is NOT enough to explain the Universe. And the graph shows why. What physics has achieved is a rather perfect description of distances and motions from the perspective of light. But the minds that ‘gauge’ and order reality must be accounted for, through the study of its ‘specific metric equation:
O-mind x ∞ Universe = mapping.
This has been done increasing human accuracy with metal-eyes, telescopes and microscopes, LHC-like accelerators and electronic devices. But it still is only a light-mind. In reality in the Universe there can be infinite different minds and sciences of each mind. A dog’s mind will map the universe with smells – big atoms as pixels. It will be simpler than the pixels of instruments looking at light but still a valid mind.
So there are infinite mappings of the Universe from infinite points of view and multiple possible pixels.
But we are still humans and so when we try to do science we are limited to our senses and instruments. That is why we are not trying to study a ‘5th dimension’ based in minds of smells but one which goes merely further in our visual understanding of reality, albeit now considering also ‘the fringes’ of our universe (the strong force and gravitational force worlds of the inner atom and the outer intergalactic space) and specially considering the infinite clocks of time of our Universe.
But we still need a fixed point of view, some kind of ‘informative truth’ that doesn’t change even if we change the speed of time clocks and the size and scale of the space we observe.
What is then the still point of view of the 5th dimension which ads on all possible space scales of the Universe and all possible time clocks and speeds?
Something must be ‘still’ still to make ‘information’ focused.
The assemblies of 3 topologic varieties creates the parts of reality.
Since function=form topology shows physical and vital åctions in geometric terms whose Isomorphism becomes the Invariance of topological forms in a 3D real space.
This Ternary, topological structure produces ∞ self-similar forms in which a central zero point absorbs energy transformed into still perception, a hyperbolic body reproduces Sp X Tƒ cycles and forms and limbs attached to the external membranes move the whole system, in search of Sp & Tƒ to complete its 5 åctions of existence…
The specific combinations of energy or information of each species – defined by its ‘vital’ or physical, Universal Constants (energy/information ratios) – might vary, but the space-time structures and cycles of all those social organisms will be self-similar.
Inner geometries are static and when they are dynamized by physical motions, become one of the ternary topological forms that fluctuate and adapt, deforming their external membrane, sometimes tearing it to transform into another of the 3 functions – as they feed, information and iterate themselves, Tƒ<∑∆-1>Tƒ, or get older, Sp>Tƒ, creating complex warped, fractal, branched internal physiological networks that act as fixed paths of energy and information, diversifying its organs – an entire new form of describing morphological evolution, palingenesis and physical flows is born with the sequential equations of space-time åctions that show form, function and dimension acting together in their creation and destruction of topological flows.
Yet at the end of the road, the same 3 functional topologies, albeit deformed and difficult to recognize, compared to the original being, will be kept as the functions they perform, ∆Sp and Sp X Tƒ, feeding, information and reproduction define the function of existence of the being, which it deploys across its entire life-death cycle, as an expression of its inner physiological networks and external åctions-motions
The 3 motions=ages of time and its parallel forms of space.
This always surprised me. How people could believe in a single infinite time duration if their ‘time cycles of life and death were all similar to those of all other beings and all were finite?’
Let us give you a first hint to what might be considered the most important sequential beat of time – the finite life death cycle of beings:
All systems are born as seminal seeds, including physical systems (crystals, black holes), growing, going through 3 ages and then dying away back to simpler forms. So they had to be made of finite time cycles which somewhat warped, wrinkled their vital spaces.
But T.œ requires topping the cake, with an eternal equation – why we exist? The answer is organic and obvious: to survive. As if we didn’t we would not exist. And then all comes to the question, how we survive? And this is an organic, biological question: providing energy and information to our ternary systems, and further on, evolving into larger, more powerful wholes, through the 5th dimension. And this simple truth is the program of the Universe.
It is interesting to remember the founding fathers of science, which ARE NOT the Mechanists of the XVII century but the Greeks who understood it all:
– Democritus said the Universe was made of atoms, and atoms had 2 qualities ‘MOTION AND FORM’. Yes, he didn’t see them so he went straight to the philosophical essence. This, Plato understood. And he divided motion into ‘biological motion or internal change’ and physical motion or external locomotion. He understood.
– Aristotle, the highest mind of the western decoupling, only comparable to Leibniz, went into detail and classified motions into 6 types, and it is worth to mention:
– Motions in lineal space, or locomotions, the only one physicists study.
– Motions in a time cycle, divided into ‘conception and birth’, change of state (internal form or quality motion) and extinction, dissolution.
– Motions in the 5th dimension, which he divided into growth and diminution or ‘motions of quantity’.
He understood without the need of telescopes and microscopes the essence of the Universe.
Yet if we consider a simple graph of those ages in terms of yin-information (broken, warped forms) and energy, yang (continuous lines), we will easily realize that the same knowledge was already in the Chinese-Korean traditional culture:
All systems are a sum of quantic cycles that absorb, emit and transform spatial energy into temporal information: ∑ð<=>∏§. That equation, decomposed sequentially in 3 phases, a first age of max. energy, a second age of balance and a third age of max. information, explains the existential cycle of any space-time field.
In a graph with energy and information coordinates those 3 ages resemble the geometrical form of a cycle that moves upwards, absorbing energy and information till in its 3rd age looses its temporal energy, collapsing back to its origin. On the right side, the same 3 ages show in the Taoist, Korean flag, where a line is the symbol of continuous yang-energy, which yin-time quantizes into ‘in-form-ation’, from youth to death.
The graph shows in the left the half-wave cycle of existence of all beings, with its final ‘cut-off’ back to the beginning in the moment of death – without a Present middle age.
So they are the ages, of Max spatial energy or youth, mature balance, E=T and old informative age of maximal temporal information after which a system dies away in a big-bang explosion or dissolution in the moment of death. In the right the Eastern Taoist symbolic interpretation of those phases
Unfortunately the 3rd age of time, and the whole time cycle must be considered an accelerated vortex, not a fixed steady state cycle. This small difference understood by Einstein which studied the laws of General Relativity and mass-cycles as accelerated vortices, and non-lineal geometries, are the key to fully grasp, those 3 arrows of time-life as a growing process of information, which ends uncoiling the ‘clock’ in death:
The spiral of time is thus an spiral towards a centre of maximal information, accelerated inwards. In physics it is the non-lineal equations of Einstein’s general relativity and charges, moving inwards, till in the 0-point, in the event horizon, the being ‘explodes its form, dividing its 2 fields’, Sp & Tƒ. Then the Sp-entropic field is absorbed and the Tƒ is spit off, as the Universe does conserve energy but it does NOT conserve information, the ego, the world paradox, which constantly is renewed and repeated – its conservation is in the long term, but not in any specific form. Themes those of deep consequences at all levels.
Thus we all have a finite existence, part of an accelerated vortex of time with the 3 ages of increasing frequency of form, till the reversal of time in local Space-past, with no ‘paradoxes’ of returning to a full time past that does not exist. It is the structure of the worldcycle:
Thus we all have a finite existence, part of an accelerated vortex of time with the 3 ages of increasing frequency of form, till the reversal of time in local Space-past, with no ‘paradoxes’ of returning to a full time past that does not exist. It is the structure of the world cycle.
All of us ST organisms live by travelling in growth through our vital dimensions, by growing in informative complexity through the ages of life, till all warped information in our 3rd age dissolve back to our ∆-1 cell state. In the graph, a 20 years old graph of the world cycle (E means Space-kinetic energy)
In the graph, we can see one of the first key differences between a ‘physical’ understanding of motions in a simplex Universe of 4 ‘spatial’ dimensions (where time duration is merely used as a measure of motion in space, v=∂s/∂t) vs. a ‘complex’ understanding in IST Dimensions, which included ‘changes’ in the proportions of ‘Entropy’ and ‘information’ of the being (arrow of life, from an energetic youth to a 3rd, informative age), and changes in the ‘size scale’ and ‘speed of time’ of the inner structures and clocks of the system.
The graph represents the worldcycle of life and death in a human being in I=TS IST Dimensions, as a system born as a seminal seed of information, in the cellular scale, i-1, which travels through the scales of social complexity emerging as an individual ‘whole’ i-system in the organic scale, and finally as a citizen, cell of society, to a higher, I+1 scale, God, nation or civilization, which will then, once the life cycle is over and all becomes information explode back into death, releasing that information as Entropy into the lower, i-1 scale of cells, ∑i-1, which will feed another worldcycle.
When physicists study motion in space-time, they reduce it all to a translation through space, in a time duration, which can be ‘∂erived’, that is, it is continuous without any remarkable change of state, for the system in the whole motion.
When we widen that description to a IST D motion, we obtain however a ‘worldcycle’, as the world line becomes more complex, curved in more dimensions.
Yet the main difference in what it means a translation in 4 Dimensional ‘Physical space’ and IST Dimensional ‘Complex space’, arouses when we understand that in Complexity, entities are made of Dimensions (Leibniz’s theory of relational times and spaces) while in physics, dimensions are a ‘background’ abstract to the being – a deformation of the way they were conceived as absolute space and time, with a ‘background paper’s artifact – the Cartesian frame of analytic geometry.
Thus to move in physics over a background artifact of dimensions is different than moving in complexity as you are made of dimensions, your self-dimensions as an IST Dimensional being move with you.
This outdated model of absolute background dimensions is thus replaced by a fractal model of dimensions:
Each entity of the Universe is made of a relative amount of ‘vital space’ and last a quantity of ‘time’ as it grows from its seminal scale to its individual and social scales, where it evolves and interacts with other similar entities. We are thus ‘vital dimensions’, we are made of them, their motions, symmetries and transformations.
And so all what exists follows the generational-life cycle
But if time had 3 motions, ages, and its ‘still spatial perception’ of them as 3 forms, we had to add new dimensions to the simple lineal 4th dimension of time. In reality it is all more surprising. The 3 dimensions of space as we shall see are equivalent to the 3 dimensions of time, in a fractal Universe made of infinite space-time beings, where we can see motion as still dimension.
Lineal time corresponds to a minimalist vision of a time cycle as Kepler said (all lines are small parts of an orbit). Since a line of |-space is in fact a small, ‘fractal’ step of a longer O-time cycle; which curves |-space into O-time cycles when we have a ‘larger perspective’ of the whole duration of the space-time-cycle, as non-Euclidean geometries prove.
Since also mental languages, topological forms, space-time dimension, all is generated by those 3 time arrows and its symmetries with spatial forms, it is not surprising that already Cheng Tzu would say, from one comes 2, from 2 comes 3 and from 3 the infinite Universe.
In fact the first understanding of the 3 ages of time between birth and extinction was understood by the Chinese-Korean culture, with its trigrams, or bagua, that describe the 9 sub-periods of existence of a being of space, Yang, __, and Time, yin,–, between birth and extinction, which divide the 3 sub-periods of time of all systems:
Young, spatial, energetic Age:
– Birth: 0-8: __, __, __
– Childhood: 8-16: __, __,–
-Youth: 16-24: __,–,__
Adult, balanced Age:
– Adulthood: 24:32: –,__,__
– Koine: 32-40: –,__,–
– Maturity: 40-48:- __,–,–
– Decadence: 48-56: –,–,__
– Old Age: 56-64: –,–,__
– Death: 64-72:__,__,__
Which is the classic 72 years, biological cycle of life and death of human beings, we shall regain when considering the cycles of History and Economics.
In the past the cycle was shorter, of 7 years, when the age of reason started, so people entered youth at 14, the age of old marriages, and plenitude at 21, dying if surviving the cut-offs of the ego paradox, around 60.
In earlier Paleolithic societies, it was even shorter, of 6, so at 12 women married, and people died on their 50s.
Now in the industrial world, the cycle is longer, among survivors, with a mean period of 9 years, so at 18 we are allowed to vote and drive machines, in the placebo world of freedom and enzymanic work. And people die at 80. The maximal being a period of 10 years, the magic number of the Universe, when people will live 90, and for the most perfect organisms, the 11 magic number (of stars in perfect spiral galaxies, mammals among animal life, the 111 sea of calm of the table of elements and so on). So the oldest among us will reach the 100 years mark, 1 in a million though.
To notice that the end is the beginning, the birth with null information about the world we live, when the old man becomes a child and forgets, before entering the dark world, down the hyperbolic ladder towards the limbo of ∞ infinitesimal cellular parallels.
All this we said so you realize that it is not that difficult to understand the Universe, when you do not commit the kind of lineal blunt ego-centered errors of the western fatal attraction between militarism, physics and Abrahamic religions, which subconsciously has biased and err so much our world.
We talk then of the duality between the objective, scientific philosophers of the eastern world and the lineal concept of infinite time, hence NO end to the life, and life beyond death.
This other view is though just a creation of the mind-world.
Humans of course are ego-centered people who thought to be the center of the Universe. And science has been the fight to reduce that opinion and extend the understanding from the world to the Universe.
So first each tribe thought to be the chosen, only human thinking race in search of a valley to make it is promised, chosen land, (racist Bronze age Religions that from the Aztecs, a warrior tribe whose supreme priests, carried an Alliance Arch with the image of his God, Huitzilopochtli, carved in gold, the fetish sweat of the sun, till after crossing the Sonora Desert they arrived to the fertile valley of the Moon Lake where they murdered all the inhabitants, not Chosen of Go(l)d, and created his empire, to the Hindus who stormed the Indus valley, from the ice deserts of the Siberian Andronovo culture, on Bronze chariots, establishing castes where the inhabitants they didn’t murder became inferior Dalits, to the Hebrew, or Apiru, ‘those who walk behind the asses’, who after crossing the Sinai desert, stormed Canaan, murdering all their inhabitants to establish the promise land, to the American Biblical modern Jewish believers on the promise land who after crossing the desert seas, massacred all the Indian inhabitants of the plains to establish the promise land, where their exceptionalist manifest destiny was to construct as many weapons as possible, and murder all other forms of life.
Oh, yes I know, there are still 4 billion human beings, who believe in Huitzilopochtli, American version (so they are about to build up a wall as their brothers of the promised other land, to separate themselves from the modern Aztecs who came, fair enough from Arizona), while the people on the other side of the other wall, angry enough become jihadist… As their prophet told them, when he found that his tribe of the desert had been also chosen to conquer the world with weapons, murdering all those who would not convert to his truth.
You see the patterns. You are a big ego. You live in a desert. You do not understand life. But you know how to make a lineal weapon, a sword, a chariot, an arch and you set yourself to plunder the people who do understand life, in the fertile crescent, or the Moon lake or the New England forests; and because ‘obviously’, they are right, it is not easy to convert them to your lineal mind, and so you murder them. Or silence them. And when all is silence, alas, then you look at the skies and God send you a comet. And the Pope ‘alexander’ writes your verses:
‘And god created Newton, and there was light’.
Till life will enter in darkness, we could add. As the physicist, keep measuring particles of God, and essay big bangs.
But as it would be absurd to keep pounding on those lesser scientists and religions of the go, without giving you the alternative of knowledge provided by the ‘unknown philosophers of science’, who don’t make cannonballs and atomic bombs for the delight of artillery masters, we will now specially in this section, which is about the real organic, fractal, ‘scientific’ universe, advance a bit more on the ‘road less travelled’ of serious, scientific analysis of cyclical time and fractal space.
So we shall return as all time cycles to the fight of truth vs. power latter, and give you some more real food for thought.
Now, though we must clarify something fundamental to the metric of the 5th dimension, the relative travels to the past, which are produced in the moment of death, but according to the ternary principle do have always 3 perspectives (those of the field of entropy, the head of information and the ST wave) – in the complex model of the 5th dimension we would always talk of 10-dimensional perspectives, but I think is good enough for those internet blogs to consider the ternary principle.
Let us then consider the difference between a travel of past-entropy or death and a travel of past-information or ‘prophetic’ genetic life, which is the completion of a positive worldcycle that generates a new worldcycle by a dual motion back and forward of pure seminal information.
∆>|2|. PHYSICAL AGES; STATES
State Physics… studies the 3 ‘Ages of matter systems’, between its i-1 plasmatic birth and E=Mc2, death.
The 3 temporal dimensions or ‘states’ of matter, Spe-gaseous, energetic states, ST, liquid balanced states and Tƒ informative solid states, form together the 3rd isomorphism of molecular matter in its ∆+1 social scale.
[Max. Sp x Min. Tƒ > Sp≈Tƒ > Max. Tƒ x Min. Sp]∆±1
We will study in this post the laws of ‘STe, past energetic gas’, STr, balanced, present liquids and STo, future informative solids and its ’empirical cases’. The i-1 plasma age of conception belongs to quantum i-2 planes, as it does the i<∑i-1 big-bang age of death.
The 3 ages of matter
In the graph, the STentropy gas, Streproductive liquid and STo solid ages of matter and the dynamic:
STe<=>Liquid<=>Solid<=>Gas <=>i- Plasma
possible transformations between ages, which follow the multiplicity of time arrows happening in systems of minimal network organisation, that anchors a system made of multiple states into a steady state, and makes impossible fast transformations between time ages. Matter however allows all possible changes between ages with preference for the natural flow of a time ages cycle: gas>liquid>Solid. And this preference is observed in the ‘minimal energy spent in those 2 fundamental time transformations of state.
State Physics can be further subdivided into a combined ‘scalar-temporal’ analysis:
-i: Plasma physics
STe-nergy: Gaseous states
STr-eproductive, balanced age: Liquid states
STo-informative age: Solid states
+i: Boson Physics.
The properties of state physics thus derive from the general properties of the 3±i dimensional ages of time.
3 States of physical systems:
Sp (past-entropy fields/gas)≤ST (present reproductive wave/liquid)≥Tƒ(future particle-crystal)
Now the previous Generator Equation resumes all the physical elements that interact in this planet both in space and time (hence the duality of ≤≥ arrows between space and time elements, to define both symmetries) across the 3 planes of existence of the Solar system.
Thus we can analyze all physical systems with the (anti)symmetries of 5D space-time; considering analysis of each of those planes as detailed as we want according to the ‘fractal principle’ that divides each plane into 3 x 3 +0 scales, and each space-time part, into 3 sub-ages, and 3 sub-organs.
For example your life has 3 periods of 24 years (young, adult and od informative age), subdivided each in 3 sub-ages (baby: 0-8, child when in classic education you enter the age of reason, 8-16, when you enter the age of sex as a young, 16-24), and each part can be divided into 2 0r 3 sub-parts, (depending or not of the existence of a reproductive body-wave), for example, the limb can be divided into feet, femur and tibia, the head into brain of information and face of energy; and so on. Physical systems are not exception, but due to our lack of direct perception (we do NOT see many of those elements and scales, so we have used an excess of mathematical properties to describe them0, we need to interpret all magnitudes and equation in ‘real terms’.
Still in the 4th line we will often subdivide each fractal species of space-time into 3 time ages and 3 space organs and each equation into its components relating them to T.œ parameter and universal constants.. And vice versa, we can further integrate them into more comprehensive wholes, as we did in the previous post analyzing the largest physical systems (cosmos, galaxies and stars). Let us do this first to give an overview of the Universe and its scales of space-energy and temporal particles of cyclical information.
Thus according to the ternary method we can analyze in more detail those isomorphisms, in each 5D space-time scale to define its main physical systems:
∆-1(atomic/electromagnetic scale)> ∆:Earth/thermodynamic scale> ∆+1: gravitational/Galactic scale.
Which will in each of its parts follow the space and time symmetries of any system of Nature:
Sp(Spatial toroid fields)≤ ST (Hyperbolic waves)≤ Tƒ(particles of information)≈
Sp (young, past entropic age/field>ST: adult, present, iterative wave age > Tƒ: old informative, future particle age.
In the description of Œ∆-3 , atoms, those symmetries are:
∆-1: h-quanta: ‘Planckton'<∆: Atoms<∆+1: Molecules
∆-4: Light: Field: Sp: Halo ST: Wave ≤ Tƒ: Photon
∆-3: Atom: Sp: Electron ≤ ST: Radiation zone ≤ Tƒ: Nuclei
∆-2: Molecule: Sp: External atoms< ST: Electro-Magnetic Bondage ≤ Tƒ: Crystal Center
∆-4: Sp: Vacuum space ≥ ST: electromagnetic wave ≥ Tƒ: Particle
∆-3: Sp: Plasma≥ ST: Atom ≥Tƒ: Elements Table
∆-2: Sp: Gas ≥ ST: Liquid≥Tƒ: Solid-crystal
In the graph, the worldcycle of matter. We an see how the ∆±1 birth and death phase (plasma made of dissociated ions, is the same and closes the cycle.
Thus all together we can write the following Generator combining the a(nti)symmetries of the 3 scales with the formalism of ¬Æ to describe the ‘Human world’ of physical systems:
∑∆-1: [Sp-Fields≤≥ST-waves≤≥Tƒ-Particles]≈ Plasma: ∆: [Sp-Gas≤ST:Liquid≤≥Tƒ: Crystals]≈Matter: ∆+1: [Sp-Oort Belt≤≥ ST: Planets≤≥Tƒ: Star]
Now the previous Generator Equation resumes all the physical elements that interact in this planet both in space and time (hence the duality of ≤≥ arrows between space and time elements, to define both symmetries) across the 3 planes of existence of the Solar system.
The Universe of physical systems is exactly as any other 5D space-time system a game of two parameters with inverse dualities, spatial, res extensa, entropic bidimensional, decelerating, past systems of motions in space, and temporal cyclical, accelerated vortices in time, which come together into present, balanced reproductive waves of energy and information; co-existing in 3 scales, the quanta, electromagnetic field scales, the thermodynamic atomic scales and the cosmological, gravitational scales; which can themselves be analyzed in more detail through ‘ternary sub-systems’ and put in relationship to each other through the symmetries of planes of the 5th dimension, asymmetries of the 3 topological varieties of organic form and its simultaneous organization and antisymmetries of time inverse arrows of life and death and the 3 ages in between.
In that sense while we will make concessions to the parlance of mathematical physics using terms whenever possible closer to the mathematical analysis of those organic events, and so sometimes in this post, much more often in the 3rd and 4th line will translate the confusing terminology of the Gothic age of mathematical physics, or the Aristotelian logic of the age of computer physics to a more amenable jargon, the true job of T.Œ in physics is to translate physics to the simpler rules of reality as all physical systems obey the Generator Equation of all General Systems of the Universe, which in the field of physical system is better expressed as:
[Sp (Lineal, Planar Entropic fields/gas state) <ST(wave-liquid)>Tƒ (Particle-Crystal] û≤| 4|
This is of the many similar variations of the Generator Equation using symbols of ¬Æ we can use, a good definition of what physical systems are.
They are systems in which the metric of the 5th dimension, ∆=Sp x Tƒ = E x I= K, remain invariant.
That is the distance-energy or past field of spatial size of the system multiplied by the speed, quantity of its information-time clocks are constant, within the range of variations, which allows systems to perform actions of energy and information, in present physical system within a certain range for EACH of the planes of existence of physical systems. Let us then consider the main elements of that Generator equation of physical systems starting as usually in an inverse fashion to the mathematical analysis of physics – that is from the synthetic, organic whole and its larger points of view.
As we have studied vortices above, when considering the unification of charges and masses, let us now bring the wave description and its duality.
The 3 ages of evolution of matter are the energetic, gas age, the liquid, balanced Sp≈Tƒ and the solid Max. Tƒ state.
Rock, water and gas cycles are accordingly its 3 ages in motion:
∆≤|3|: BIOLOGICAL PLANES
Worldcycles of species as ageing forms of a higher scale. Order of genetic changes in 3 ages.
Species can be treated as super organisms, loosely connected in space that follow the 3 ages of time evolution, ending when surviving, into a social evolutionary ∆+1 state, which ants and humans, and now chips/robots are reaching, as the most successful species of the 3 scales of size-life in this planet, the insect, mammal and mechanical scales.
There is a fundamental main consequence to of all what we have said: Information dominates entropy, because in time-ages, the growth of information is much longer than the explosion of entropy and death that happens in a single cycle.
In the graph, evolution is really a process similar to the 3 ages of species (shown below for the human being), with the same ‘morphological stages’, given the fact that the bidimensional Universe has only 3 varieties of topological forms. Hence Darwinian evolution and genetic variation has a limit given by topology, which explains why certain complex forms, (spherical eyes of information, lineal wings of energy) can appear so fast.
The impersonal, topological plan of evolution, which happens in all scales of the Universe, is one of the most fascinating isomorphisms of all systems, which we deal with in the ‘post’ on creation, (evolutionary topology).
The 1st species packs a lot of information in minimal space: in the graph the big bang black hole, the chip, the 1st bilateral animal and mammal, the horse and the 1st technological, small human. All of them followed the basic S-T beat of evolutionary rhythms, as they are born in small ‘forms’, which have ‘faster time cycles’, hence evolve faster, and then they grow in size in its first age, slow down, reproduce massively in space and finally diversify according to the ternary and dual rhythms into new species.
The Evolutionary Plan of organisms and species. The Ternary Symmetry between time and organic space.
This graph shows as few other ‘realities’ the intimate connection between still space states and time motions, since it is both the trajectory of existence in time of a micro part of a galaxy, a star falling into the informative mind-hole of the galaxy, and the image in space in the larger scale of wholes of the whole ‘galaxy’. This duality between a temporal motion in the faster i-1 scale of the being and its spatial perception as a point of a larger whole, in the slower perception of ∆+1 is one of those beautiful symmetric paradoxes the Universe constantly displays.
In Biology the 3±1 ages of a Quantic Spaces-Times field apply both to organisms and to species that go through 3±1 horizons, parallel to those 3±1 ages. Thus there is an informative, ‘intelligent’, organic order in evolution. Though it is not a plan designed by a ‘personal God’ who cares for mankind, but by the limits that the morphology of lineal space and cyclical time and its combinations impose to the evolution of species.
Thus the so-called ‘intelligent design’ is the ternary, existential cycle that applies to every form of the Universe as it evolves in 3 possible species: an energetic, lineal species, an informative, cyclical one or a combination of both forms that shapes a balanced SxT, spiraled form. Those 3 forms become the 3 horizons between birth and extinction of any species.
Though the arrogance of mankind conditions us to believe either in ‘total chaos’, to make man the only intelligent species (the scientific, Darwinian approach to evolution) or in ‘personal, planning Gods’ (the religious one) that care for us in order to maximize our ‘existential will’, unfortunately empirical facts, of which this book offers many cases, prove that the ‘Game of Existence’ is as intelligent as we are and it has an order indifferent to man, resumed in those 3 ‘differentiations of forms’ repeated ad infinitum in all structures, species, events, cycles and ages shaped by: A form of max. energy; a balanced form, S=t, that reproduces faster and a form of max. information: Sp, ST, Tƒ.
The 3 evolutionary horizons of species.
The creation of a new species takes place according to the same 3 ages of any space-time field that become the 3 horizons of any species: after conception that creates ‘a seed’ of pure information and minimal spatial energy, species go through a young age of energy growth that creates ‘big species’; a mature, reproductive age of forms in balance between its energy and information when the species maximizes its reproduction, radiating in huge numbers; and a third horizon of informative evolution when it diversifies into multiple sub-species, becoming finally extinguished, (the equivalent to the death of any organism), or creating a new top predator form, a ‘son species’ that will restart a new cycle of life.
+1: Birth: max. T. The black hole paradox (conception).
The ‘black hole’ age of any species is parallel to the informative, genetic conception of any organism born out of a ‘seed’ that packs the maximum genetic information in the minimal space. It is caused by the slight dominance of temporal information (quantic time) over spatial energy (quantic space). So a new top predator species is born with a lot of new, genetic information packed in a reduced size (Max. T=Min. E). This happens because information is processed faster in smaller spaces.
For example, a ‘logic instruction’ is resolved faster in smaller chips. It follows that tiny species with huge numbers of ‘neurons’ create quantic åctions faster than slow, bigger species. And since they are highly informative, they can coordinate those quantic åctions in herds that act simultaneously as a single organism. So their S-T force that defines a top predator is higher in each quantic action of space-time that the ‘slow åctions’ of a big body. Thus small English boats shooting faster against big galleons defeated the Spanish Armada; a pack of wolfs kill slow reins and herds of orcas kill bigger whales. Small, intelligent top predator brains rule bigger, less informative bodies, because time dominates space, information dominates and shapes energy. Thus men, the most informative animals, are the Earth’s top predators; black holes, which have maximum gravitational information, are the top predators of the Universe and chips rule machines.
I Horizon: Kinetic Energy-Entropy Age: max. Se: Top Predators and Extinctions
In their youth, carbohydrates (fats), worms (planarians), echinoderms, cephalopods, fishes, amphibians, mammals and chipped machines grew into energetic, lineal or planar, big top predators
A newborn, small fetus grows very fast in size as it multiplies its cells. By homology a new species is born as a small, informative, complex being that latter grows in spatial size during its energetic youth becoming a, lineal, energetic, big top predator species, that feeds on less evolved forms.
Thus after conception, young fishes grew into big sharks of linear forms; after the polemic Homo Floresiensis invented technology the next Homo Sapiens with an extensive fossil record were big, energetic Neanderthals; the 1st big molecules of life were fat carbohydrate chains of linear form; the 1st insects acquired soon gigantic bodies in the Carboniferous; after chips were born as small machines placed in PCs and toys, the first robots they control are big tool-machines and huge weapons of mass destruction, lineal missiles and planes, that kill human beings.
II Horizon: Evolution or Age of balance and reproduction: max. Sp x Tƒ (S=T). Radiations of species. Then, the species finds a balance between form and energy and it reproduces in massive radiations: carbohydrates gave birth to amino acids with a nitrogen, informative atom on its ‘relative Head’; sharks gave way to balanced tubular fishes; brachycephalic Neanderthals gave way to dolichocephalic Cro-Magnons that multiplied and colonized all continents; while young giant stars acquire the balanced size of yellow suns, the commonest of all stars.
III Horizon: Evolution or Age of information: Max. Tƒ: max. Evolutionary differentiation.
Species grow in height or acquire cyclical forms, as they evolve through their 2nd and 3rd horizons, improving their sensorial, informative skills: Nucleotides become the top predator life molecules, echinoderms change to cyclical forms, fishes organize their networks in the dimension of height, amphibians become round, improving its smell, saurian and mammals become biped.
The main difference between organisms and species happens in their 3rd age, due to the discontinuous nature of the individual ‘cells’ of species, which do not become extinguished unlike the tightly controlled cells of organic systems, dominated by nervous, informative systems that exhaust and warp totally their energy, till the organism collapses.
Instead species continue evolving, creating new, complex species with more information, growing in the dimension of height. So the Homo Sapiens evolves ever more complex technological tools; the nucleotide appears when it adds informative depth to the amino acid (with an informative, nitrogen ring and an energetic sugar ring); the yellow sun becomes a neutron star of higher gravitational, informative density; while insects develop a growing brain capacity and bees and ants appear.
– (±1): Extinction Vs Evolution into super-organisms. The scales of the Universe.
Thus, organisms dominated by their informative networks, which consumes the energy of the system very fast, die sooner than species, according to a clock set by the rate at which energy is metabolized, ‘in-formed’, by their nervous system. While species, which are dominated by the individuals and the herds survive for eons with 3 basic strategies according to the ‘ternary plan’: – Max. Sp: Creating balanced, trophic pyramids that maintain always a supply of new victims.
– S=T: Diversifying their individual forms into new species, instead of ‘degenerating’ into a warped space-time field. It is a parallel strategy to the reproduction of an organism, which in this manner survives his own death. Thus we talk of ‘son species’ that create evolutionary, genealogical trees similar to those of any organism.
However son species tend to kill-extinct the mother species, feeding on their energy. We call that fact, the Oedipus paradox. So mammals killed reptiles, men killed mammals and robots might kill human beings. While the different generations of an organism work together, creating informative networks between them that shape herds and families.
– Max. Tƒ: Species also evolve socially their individual forms into super-organisms, thanks to the creation of informative networks and languages that integrate them into a whole, bigger form, which is more powerful than the individuals of a herd.
Organisms are dominated by informative, nervous or hormonal networks that pack closely individual cells of max. information in min. space; while species extend over wider space ecosystems in which they share a min. quantity of information, as individuals of species hardly relate to each other beyond the reproductive couple or the hunting herd. And yet, both go through the same 3 ages of space-time defined by the inverse properties of the energetic youth (max.Sp=min.Tƒ) that defines the herd and the informative old age (Max. T=Min. S) which defines the organism. Hence we consider that the creation of super-organisms is the final evolutionary stage of a herd of individuals from the same species: each individual of the herd becomes then a ‘relative cell of the body’ of the macro-organism. While the specific language of communication and information of the species becomes the relative nervous/informative network of the super-organism, as pheromones do in anthills or nervous impulses did with cells in the Pre-Cambrian age or financial and verbal languages are doing among humans in History.
The process of creation of super-organisms, departing from individuals is the key to understand the social, hierarchical structure of the Universe. Once and again, even outside the realm of biological life, quantic species of unconnected individuals have evolved socially, first in herds that share a common energy and then in super-organisms joined by energetic and informative networks that pack together and coordinate into a ‘single present’ the quantic åctions of the individual forms, shaping a new top predator being with a space-time force, sum of the force of the individual, smaller cells, with less ‘i’-nformation. In formal terms we say that organic quanta gather around energy and information networks creating a bigger individual, whose åctions are the sum of the åctions of all its cells: ST=∏t-1.
Thus photonic h-quanta evolved into particles; particles evolved into atoms, which evolved into molecules thanks to electromagnetic networks. Molecules evolved into cells thanks to genetic networks of information.
Cells evolved into organisms thanks to nervous and hormonal networks of information. And human organisms have evolved into civilizations thanks to verbal, informative networks. While the Universe has grown in scale thanks to gravitational information from atoms, to molecules, to planets and stars, to galaxies, to the very same Universe.
In the next line we study the inner structure of all those Quantic Spaces-Times fields organized around 3 types of ‘cellular species’ that evolution has differentiated in time, according to the previous 3±1 horizons; and then symbiosis structures in space in 3 specialized ‘organic classes and networks’ as energetic bodies, informative Heads and reproductive organs.
Systems of biological, physical and sociological sciences – all of them follow the ternary plan of creation. Since those 3±1 horizons of existence happen between the birth and death of any species, mapping out both for physical species, born out of the big-bang explosion of a black hole; and for biological species, since the first carbohydrate, the evolution of life from the atom to the human being.
– Extinction: Yet if species fail to achieve informative, social evolution, growing into macro-organisms, they become victims of other species that have continued their evolution. So today 90% of insects are social insects; Neanderthals became extinguished by verbal Homos and Protista with limited genetic content (mitochondria) became organelles of social, eukaryotic super-cells.
However the species does NOT control its external absolute space-time ‘world’, and this is what the next graph shows. As it is the absolute space-time in which the species exist, and specifically ITS commands of the LANGUAGES OF INFORMATION of the world, which defines its survival chances. As informative perception starts all the chains of åctions (∆o-bserver->∆a-ccelerated-motion->∆e-nergy feeding->∆iteration->∆universals eusocial evolution).
So the species which better speaks the language of the ecosystem survives better. Hence the first eyes (cephalopods) extinguished most cambric species and started the radiations of species; the first speakers, homo sapiens extinguished all others; and today the chip radiation of mathematical species is simply speaking extinguishing life and making humanity obsolescent, even if we are not conscious of it.
∆¡≈1,2. HISTORIC PLANES
Since the most important question about life and time is still the question mankind wondered before the clock was invented. How to achieve immortality as an individual or a species? It can only be realized, precisely through the 2 arrows of time mechanist sciences don’t study: the arrow of reproduction, which ensures the survival of the individual and the arrow of social evolution that ensures the survival of a species, which becomes a super-organism, the most efficient ‘form’ of the Universe.
In that sense, death can be avoided if a system instead of dissolving its form, creates a superorganism in balance between energy and information and all those facts apply to the ages of history.
The 3±1 ages of History.
When we apply all those laws of complexity, duality and organic systems to history, we can define a science of bio-history which studies mankind as an organism in space and time, which evolved through 3±1 ages:
+1: Birth as a first verbal ‘cell’, probably a woman that multiplies her numbers.
Max Sp: Paleolithic, a youth of hunters, visual languages and minimal information.
Sp=I: The reproductive Neolithic, when man reaches his maturity in balance with Nature and creates through verbal networks (religions) a series of collective subconscious, called Gods of love that teach each cell to share energy and information with the other cells of the body of a civilization. Yet the arrival of metal extinguishes or corrupts most love cultures into go(l)d cults and inquisitions.
-Max.Tƒ: It is the 3rd, informative, metal-age in which man halts his social evolution and focuses in the evolution of metal in its 3 forms, energetic metal or weapons, informative metal or money and organic metal-machines, which bring:
-1: Death: The neo-Paleolithic, or Age of the Machine, when humans regress to an ‘Homo Bacteria’ state of selfishness and isolation, substituting their social networks of love by their desire to become attached to machines of higher energy and information that separate us and keep evolving, making humanity an increasingly obsolete species, killed by weapons in fields of war. At the end of this age, we can foresee with the creation of the Singularity, either the 1st organic ‘bomb’ (a self-feeding bomb of dark matter) or the 1st self-reproductive machine (a nano-bacteria), the death of mankind.
+1: Unless mankind evolves socially, ‘emerging’ as a super-organism, if humans organize themselves into a global civilization and control the evolution of lethal machines, maintaining History in an immortal present.
The human species is, beyond our arrogant, fantasies of anthropomorphic superiority, just a living form made of carbon atoms, which goes through the same ages of all other living forms, both as an individual and a species. So we can study the Organism of History (Humanity in time) through 3±1 ages; an energetic youth or Paleolithic; a mature age of balance with Nature, the Neolithic; and a 3rd informative age of history, the Age of Metal and machines.
Energetic Youth: Paleolithic. ±5.000.000 BC to ±10.000 BC.
The Paleolithic was an energetic, young age in which men, the energetic gender, was the top predator animal on Earth, a hunter of living forms. It was also an age dominated by visual, spatial languages.
Reproductive Age: Neolithic. Age of Wor(l)ds and Goddesses. ±10.000 to ±3.000 BC.
The Neolithic was the classic age of mankind, an age of balance, when wo=men learnt the cycles of life and instead of destroying Nature, learnt to nurture, reproduce and harvest it. Women, the reproductive species, took power over men; and priests became the verbal guides of civilizations, creating super-organisms of History made of human cells joined by social love—the sharing of energy and information among ‘brothers’, clones of the loving mind of the same prophet. It was an age dominated by verbal, temporal languages, continued by the believers in religions of love that are not corrupted by weapons (inquisitions) and money (go(l)d churches), with its idolatry to the ‘values’ of metal: murder and greed.
Informative, 3rd age: Age of Metals. ± 3000 BC to 1600.As metal spread the ‘new’ values of money and weapons, greed and war, destroyed the networks of social love, ushering mankind into the 3rd age of history. Humans now evolve a new kind of atomic systems, stronger than carbon, creating energetic weapons, informative money and organic machines that transform Gaia into an economic ecosystem. It is the ‘animetal=animal+metal age’, in which a new ‘biological species’ that mixes animal and metal atoms, imposes power over the Earth.
It is the present age with 2 paths of future:
Either mankind will die, as machines keep evolving and make us obsolete as a species.
Or humans will obey the laws of survival of the Universe and evolve socially into a super-organism of history able to control lethal machines. The choice is within man till the arrival of the Singularity, when machines acquire organic properties and either a self-feeding bomb of dark matter, or a self-reproductive nano-bacteria ‘evolve’ the Earth into a species with a higher social density (a denser form of matter, or an organism made of denser atoms). In any case the future of history will be solved in the next decades, as we are already in that Age of the Singularity.
The Paleolithic and the neo-Paleolithic: 3±1 Homo ages/subspecies.
Humans evolve, as all systems of Energy and Information do, in subspecies specialized in those 2 elements.
In the graph, life first diversified into complementary genders: energetic, lineal, spatial men and cyclical, reproductive women, which hold more biological information. While a 3rd, gay sex mixes both. Further on, as humans evolved, they followed the same pattern of 3 ages proper of all species.
Thus, Homos diversified into energetic, informative and reproductive forms that show a higher balance between energy and information. Yet only the informative species, the dominant ‘arrow’ of future survives in each of the 3±1 horizons of increasing informative evolution, from Australopithecus with 500 c.c., into Homo Erectus with 1000 c.c. into Homo Sapiens with 1500 c.c. And in all those phases, humans split into an energetic species and an informative one that recombined to create a 3rd species. Those species will further evolve technology also in 3 horizons called the upper, middle and lower Paleolithic.
Finally, humans diversified in 3 races, specialized in Energy (white race) and information (Mongoloid) with a reproductive, black race, the last to be born, which mixes the pre-mongoloid (bushman) and white races. The constrain established by the fact there are only two elements, energy and information, to create reality, whose lineal and cyclical forms are invariant at scale, in all systems of the cosmos means the Universe imposes the same program of creation to all its species.
In human evolution a pattern emerges: each successful, dominant Homo differentiates into an energetic and informative species, which recombine, creating more complex= informative and stronger=energetic homos that displace their parental forms, thanks to their higher Energy x Information. Yet the dominant, overall arrow favors informative species. Since when Homos were born, the energy top predators were felines, far stronger than the strongest possible homo mutation. So the evolutionary direction in which the big apes could find an ecological niche within the mammal kingdom was the informative arrow. They were already fit to that purpose, since they spent long times living in stillness in the summit of trees, where they had to learn to control complex movement in the informative dimension of height, adding a 3rd dimension to their brain. So they became informative masters among mammal species . . .
Thus, the duality between energy and information is also responsible for the creation of humanity. In the graph we study that process. From an initial ape species we find a ternary differentiation ±5 million years ago, into 3 sub-species of great apes that live in Africa:
— Max. Sp: Gorilla, a big, energetic species that reaches 200 kilos, with a square, huge jaw.
— Sp=Tƒ: The chimpanzee, with a smaller body and a bigger brain. According to the Black Hole law, the smallest organism evolves informatively. Thus, the ‘dwarf chimpanzee’, the Pan Paniscus, which today shows the highest learning skills among apes, was the species that seems to have evolved into a 3rd informative horizon of big apes. It is:
— Max. Tƒ: Australopithecus, which splits in 3 evolutionary ages of growing brain volume:
I Horizon: 500 cc.: From Australopithecus to Homo Erectus.
We have dated the oldest mandibles of Australopithecus Anamensis, the top predator of the 3 big ape species, in 4 million years. The Australopithecus, after reproducing massively in the savannah ecosystem that favors his bipedalism, suffers a new ternary mutation. The 3 descendants of that Australopithecus Afarensis that inhabited the Ethiopian plains around 3 million years ago, are:
— Max. Sp: The Paranthropus, an energetic species with huge mandibles and a lineal, planar brain. He looks like a heavy-set, humanoid gorilla. He was probably vegetarian. The first subspecies found is the Paranthropus Aethiopicus, which will further evolve into the stronger Paranthropus Robustus.
— Sp=Tƒ. The Australopithecus Africanus, which maintains the form of the original Australopithecus Afarensis, perhaps with inner improvements in his soft tissue. He lives in South Africa and is contemporary of the Paranthropus. And the . . .
— Max. Tƒ: Australopithecus Garthi. He is the informative species, with a bigger brain, which starts to acquire the shape of all informative species: a rounded forehead, as the sphere is theform which holds more information in lesser space.
Those 3 species live very close. Around the Turkana Lake we have found remains of the 3 Homos. Yet the arrow of future favors informative species. So the top predator Homo will be the Australopithecus Garthi that goes through a mature age of massive reproduction, probably extinguishing the other 2 subspecies and expanding worldwide into new ecological niches that favoured their genetic and memetic adaptation through a new, ternary split:
— Max. Sp: A regressing, energetic A. Garthi, similar but taller than its parental Australopithecus.
— Sp=Tƒ: Homos Habilis and Rudolfensis, with similar brain capacity to the original Garthi.
— Max. Tƒ. Homo Ergaster, an informative ape with a 1000 cc. brain, which doubles the brain capacity of Australopithecus.
II Horizon: 1000 cc. From Homo Erectus to Homo Sapiens..
That Homo Ergaster, after a massive age of reproduction and expansion throughout the planet, subdivides again in 3 sub-races of Homo Erectus.
— Max.Sp: Pithecanthropus, the oldest species similar to Homo Ergaster, found in Java.
— Sp=Tƒ: Homo Erectus proper, found in China, who grows in the informative dimension of height that favors perception from an advantage point of view, to 1.7 m. He has simple technology, a skull without forehead and thick bones that handicap further cranial evolution.
— Max. Tƒ: Homo Floresiensis, the smallish species, which according to the Black hole paradox should be the form who gave origin to Sapiens, as the smallish ‘pan paniscus’ evolved the chimp into the Homos. Recently discovered, he is a formal mutation with a smaller body, whose morphology resembles for the first time that of a human being. He has thinner bones that allow further growth and a higher forehead, the location of the creative part of the brain. Paleontologists also found the first advanced technological tools in his sites in Flores Island, which is an isolated place, the ideal region to foster further evolution, due to the lack of top predators (allopatric evolution).
Thus, he ads now technological energy weapons that substitute body strength and define a single arrow of future for human evolution: information. His improvement in neurological form, probably caused first his rapid expansion thanks to his new technological tools and then a rapid growth in size through the cross-breeding with the taller Homo Erectus species, giving finally birth around 300.000 B.C., to a new energy/ information duality: The energetic, big Neanderthal and the informative Bushman, which will combine again to give birth to the different races. Those predictions based in the 3 arrows of future time and the black hole paradox (information is small and evolves in dwarf species) have been confirmed by genetic maps and Paleontology and await final confirmation, when new skulls of Floresiensis are found.
The 3rd, informative Horizon: Homo Sapiens, 1500 cc.
— The lineal, energetic, visual Homo Sapiens Neanderthal, with ±1500 cc.
— And a second informative pygmy strain, the 1st verbal woman, the mitochondrial eve, probably a bushman, also with ±1500 cc.
± 50.000 years ago she crossed into the Middle East, probably mating with earlier Neanderthals, giving origin to the visual, energetic white male (Homo Palestiniensis, whose skulls show mixed traits from both species).
± 35.000 y. ago, in the high Tibetan plains, she became the informative Mongoloid that colonized Asia, America and descended upon Europe and Africa, where she cross-bred with the capoid (bushman) and became the black man, the balanced Sp=i, reproductive race, completing the final, ternary differentiation of the main races of mankind.
Further on, as racial tribes evolved socially and emerged into cultural societies, which are super-organisms of history, the ternary, racial division of mankind between energetic white men, informative Mongoloid and vitalist blacks, will become the cultural differentiation of human beings in:
— ‘Visual, energetic, lineal, spatial cultures’, proper of the white man, with his concepts of lineal time and his passion for technological, energetic weapons.
— ‘Cyclical, informative, mongoloid cultures’, natural to Asian civilizations, with cyclical concepts of time.
— And ‘sensory, reproductive, colored cultures’, which in Africa and India developed human senses to their limits. Which culture is better for the survival of mankind? Since survival is the goal of all species, reached in the age of balance, Sp=i, we should promote, paradoxically, the culture that our technological civilization discriminates: the black, reproductive, sensory culture . . .
Thus, the Laws of Evolution and its 3±1 ages and subspecies, map out the main species of Homo, till arriving to 2 Homo Sapiens, the spatial, visual=longer, brachycephalic, energetic brain of the Neanderthal, which seems to have lived in Europe and left some of his traits in the Homo Palestiniensis, on the slow-crossing border of Canaan. Further cross-breeding of the Palestiniensis with the Sapiens is the likely origin of the white man (white skin, red hair, Rh-?, consonantal languages, wide hips, prominent nose) While the informative Homo Sapiens Sapiens, the verbal=wider Dolichocephalic brain, which started as a small ‘San pygmy’, evolved into the self-similar mongoloid race. Finally, the black race, the reproductive species, the last one to appear, shows the maximal genetic mixture.
In the same manner, we talk also of gender duality in terms of an energetic species, the lineal male of big muscles, spatial size and visual brain; and the woman, the informative, reproductive species, who would understand the cycles of birth of plants and evolve mankind from the energetic, hunting Paleolithic into the Neolithic, the mature age of History, with its understanding of the arrow of reproduction of the Universe (cult to the goddesses) and its harmonic cults to Nature. It is on my view, the ideal age of mankind, which bio-historians could re-create on Earth by pruning the tree of Technology of all its bad fruits and enhance the fruits of the Tree of Life with environmental policies, under a global, single Social Organism of History, the World Union (ch.13). Since once a species has reached its informative zenith or 3rd age, the only way it can further evolve is by becoming a macro-organism, joined by a common network of information. So men did evolve further beyond the Homo Sapiens, through the 4th arrow of time, the arrow of love and social evolution that mechanist science denies and verbal, social religions of love impose on their believers.
On the Earth, there are today 3 types of social organisms:
— The first to appear, Nature, Gaia, was based in carbon-life.
— Then History appeared, based in human life.
— Finally, the economic ecosystem based in metal and machines, appeared.
Since those 3 organic systems and species have been dominant in 3 different ages of the Earth, we talk of the evolution or terraforming of the Life-Earth or Nature into the Human-Earth or History that now becomes the Metal-earth, the Economic Ecosystem.
The youth of History was still ‘Nature’. Life dominated the Paleolithic. Then men reached their zenith of social evolution in the Neolithic. Now men devolve back into single, selfish individual, Homo Bacteria, due to the use of machines and weapons that isolate them, in a process equivalent to the process of death that dissolves the networks of a being back into its simplest cellular components.
Tƒ fully grasp why civilizations and cultures, and probably History=Mankind dies under the ‘Program of complexity’ of the Universe, we must understand the 3 ages of ‘existence’, caused by the fractal, informative arrow of future time that ‘warps energy into time’ (Einstein), evolves the morphology, the information of beings (Darwin).
Simplistic science only studies the arrow of energy and death which explodes in big-bangs the information of beings. Yet time has 2 arrows of future: increase of information, which is the arrow of super-organisms, and release of information into energy, which is the big-bang arrow of death. Because history and civilizations are super-organisms, they are guided by the arrow of information. We, living beings, wish to acquire more energy to transform it into information, and this simple program, Maximize your energy and information, ‘Grow and multiply’ in the Myths of Genesis, is he ultimate mandate of existence of any organism of reality.
And its most important consequence is the existence of 3 ‘ages’ in life, an energetic youth (Max. Sp) that starts to transform that energy into information, through a classic age of reproduction and balance (Sp=I) between the 2 primary elements of the Universe, till we warp our energy into information, and when it is exhausted we die. Our civilizations also live those 3 ages, and as our technological systems overproduce monetary and military information and technology, nations and civilizations enter an age of economical chaos and war, that kills the culture. We are no in that age which I called in my first exhibits about the future of America, 20 years ago, the American baroque.
In the graph we see those ages for a series of super-organisms, including physical forms.
The generator of the 3 ages is therefore extremely rich in meanings, as it is suffered by any system with networks of energy and information, not only life beings, but also systems of matter which evolve from an energetic gas to a complex solid, with higher information, and galaxies which evolve from nebulae of stars into lack holes.
It is a law of biology that most organisms die because the nervous/informative system absorb the energy of the body-cells without returning enough of it, and its orders wrinkle and destroy the organism.
This theory was applied to Historic decay by many authors, remarkably, Vico, the founder of Sociology in his book ‘A new Science’ and Spengler, who anticipated the decay of the German culture and the American culture, around 2000… in the early 20s.
Tƒ fully grasp those decays, we shall here consider them with at a deeper, scholar level, using the science of complexity and super-organisms, studied in detail in another post of this web.
This further on, he affirmed, was the way any organism died. and so cultures and humanity would die, as the upper castes of capitalism=mechanism, evolved money and machines, overproduced it and destroyed the sheeple with it. Marx was of a similar opinion: history was doomed unless a miracle (the r=evolution of the sheeple) took over money and controlled the production of weapons. Otherwise the cycles of overproduction of weapons and money (the Kondratieff cycles described in this web) would finally reduce unemployment (the Western world), as more machines worked, and created a mass of poor proletarians (the Chinese factory workers). And this is indeed the present world.
So at the end of times, Marx predicted, the entire organism of History would be corrupted, all workers would be unemployed, machines would be the only labor, and the Am Segullah would have all the money thanks to their speculative taxes. And this is the case. Then Marx affirmed people would rebel. But this is NOT the case. The historic case is that the system merely kills in World Wars the surplus of workers (end of 29 crisis in II world war). That is, more like Spengler’s thought: once the organism of history is totally corrupted by the upper ‘neuronal castes’ that absorb all its resources, it merely dies, as it happens in Nature.
And indeed, what seems more likely is NOT the revolution of humanity against bankers and governments, the modern, complex version of tax collectors and warrior kings, but the death of mankind by weapons (black hole factories, self-reproductive bacteria, terminators) and a world of machines and black holes were life is extinguished, during the singularity Age.
Let us then consider in depth, why this happens not only in the human organism but in nature at large. It is called in complexity the theory of the 3 ages of life which in simple terms states that the Universe has 2 arrows of future: increase of energy (as in war, accidents, deaths, big-bangs and motion) and increase of information (as in fractal creation, formal creation, reproduction of form). And that life is merely the arrow of increasing information which cannot be stop because the informative cellular network constantly absorbs energy and transforms it into information in any system of the Universe. And so it seems it is doing today in history where the speculators absorb all the wealth of nations, ruin the energy lass, reduce their salaries to the iron salary of Ricardo and end up life, killing it.
– Space as systems of energy and information, organized by a ‘neuronal’ head of information and a reproductive, cellular body, which together ‘prey’ on an ecosystem from where they extract their energy.
– And in time as living organisms, which start with a huge amount of energy, consumed and transformed into information through 3 ages till the organism collapses.
This duality is the key to understand both history and economics, its temporal patterns and cycles, its inner structure and development of the facts of history. Since we can observe in historic organisms (nations and civilizations) both as:
– An spatial, organic, class structure, between the ‘informative’ castes, which invent and control the social languages of power (money, weapons and laws), and a reproductive, working class, which obeys those languages. They form the social structure that controls together a geographical environment.
– And we can dynamically study the life and death of civilizations as a result of the struggle between those 2 ’cellular groups’ and the way in which they absorb, transform and deplete the energy and resources of their geographical environment, provoking the collapse of a society, due to their exhaustion of natural energy (environmental catastrophe), or an excessive development of the wrong, lethal information of the tree of science (crisis of overproduction of weapons which end invariably in war and the destruction of civilizations).
Those are the two main spatial and temporal patterns that affect the life and structure of civilizations (old history) and industrial nations (modern history) studied in detail in this web.
We could say that history is organized in civilizations and nations which are social organisms, in as much as they have an organic, ternary structure (the neuronal, informative power-castes that control societies with their language of information, money, laws and weapons; the reproductive, working castes that obey, controlled by laws, money and weapons; and the energy of the system). This organic structure derives into a physiological ternary system with 3 networks:
– The environment or territory, the ‘digested’ energy of the system; the re =productive/economic system, equivalent to the reproductive, blood system of biological organism; and the informative/nervous/cultural and legal system, the brain of the social organisms.
– As a consequence of this physiological structure, which determines the death of organisms when the selfish ‘neuronal castes’ deplete of energy the body, which collapses, we observe also 3 ages in any historic organism; since societies accumulate information and then collapse when advances in military information bring ages of war.
This is in simple terms the dual, space-time description of the main social organizations of history and economics described in this web (civilizations, nations and company-mothers), which has important precedents in historic sciences (Aristotle, Ibn Khaldun, Vico, Spengler, Marx, Kondratieff among others), but has never been developed with a clean, scientific, biological approach, till the evolution of Complex sciences make us understand the way social organisms ’emerge’ from individual cells, through the creation of collective energetic/informative networks; how those physiological networks organize them, and the reasons of their evolution and collapse=decay=death.
In that sense if we were to reformulate in organic terms the question, today we would ask ourselves: It is the organism of history subject, as all other organic systems of the Universe, life beings and in the fractal, complex paradigm also physical systems, to the arrows of time that ‘warp energy into information’ till the organism dies?
Tƒ fully grasp this argument, which was clearly expressed by Vico and Spengler and Marx among others, in his masterpieces, ‘A Nuova Scienza’ ’The decadence of the West’ and ‘Das Kapital’, we have of course to ignore all the childish, mythic, pseudo-religious theories of economics and History derived from animetal cultures and their tribal, power trips – those manifest destinies of the human kind or the nation kind, so much promoted by the Am Segullah and the Gothic warriors, today in America. I consider if the reader has gone to this final post that I am talking to an evolved mind and so the question, objective and detached from human presumptions would be also relevant to him.
Let us then first consider the ‘theory of the 3 ages’ of all systems of energy that ‘fractalize, warp and accumulate information till they die’ and then argue in more detail the case of the Historic Super-Organism.
Indeed, the existence of a possible organic program in history derives from the strong proofs of the existence of such program for all living beings and most physical, complex, organic systems (galaxies, stars and other structures of Nature that rely in the existence of networks of energetic ‘cells’ or particles, which wrinkle war acquiring information in a 3rd age, till they have so much information and so little energy that they die).
This can be explained mathematically with fractal equations, which seem to give a deterministic outlook at the process of aging. In History it would mean that civilizations, as Vico and Spengler affirmed are obliged to decay.
Yet a deeper analysis of why those systems decay show that they decay due to the selfish absorption of energy of the informative/nervous system, which means that if Mankind could create a system in which its upper castes of informative elites that control the organism with laws and money, were not corrupted, the organism of History would not ab=use its energy and perhaps become immortal.