**SUMMARY:**

Electronic light in time:

¡-1: Its metric steps & 5 Dimotions: forces (4th & 5th Disomorphism)

¡º: Its worldcycle of life and death: antiparticles (7th, 8th Ðisomorphisms)

¡+1: Its species and 3±I Horizons: scales (6th Ðisomorphism)

**∆-2: QUANTUM WORLDS**

The proper formalism of quantum physics in 5D is the pilot-wave theory. And we need to redress the fact that there is a quantum potential with entanglement speeds. As c-speed is only the limit of light space-time planes that doesn’t work for heavyweight quarks and dark entropy between galaxies.

THIS said, it is obvious that the first correction on quantum physics deal with the way we humans perceive fast cycles of time as pictures of space, because our slow time clocks see the entire life of a quark or electron as a single spatial picture of it.

If we use the decametric scales of other levels, we might consider the mean speed of a hydrogen atom, 3000, of light 300.000, so a minimum of 10 or 10² difference between scales is a common parameter – the fine structure constant being 1/137 pointing to that. But the average then stretches further in both directions, meaning that *there is a discontinuum, between the two scales in terms of time-speed, a ‘Lorentzian region’, before it settles. So the speed should grow in decametric scales, of 10ª for different faster than light substances according to their own density. So we have an array of species with hints to those faster decameter scales. Some of those scales, even if we are not concerned with hardcore measure but only general principles (the full model of quantitative, 5D should be performed by physicists in the future).*

10-100 C range: The densest matter spotted coming out of black hole intergalactic lets seem often move around 10 C in quasar jets. There are other measures which come even above that speed. So we might talk of a 10 C – 100 C range for dark matter made of superfluid quarks.

What quarks are then those which go beyond c-speed in their event horizon?

If we consider the electron to be slower than light, and the ud quarks similar states. We could accept the strange quark as the limit of our Universe; that is the equivalent of a black hole with a c-speed on the event-horizon or rather particle-point singularity.

So it is also likely that the speed of rotation of ∆-1 strange quarks with its mass around 20 times that of the down quark has in its singularity a C range; and its c-angular speed carries into the near c-angular speed of the most extreme pulsars with a strangelet core.

In the graph, we see the ‘reordering’ of the quarks families in 5D particle theory. 10-1000 C: This leaves over c speed the dark matter quarks of the heavy family. Since we observe that the growth from our light quarks, which should have an angular momentum <c and the next family of dark atoms, cb a very close growth of 1000 mass. Thus we are now in the realm of faster than light rotational vortices of mass. And if we consider the The top quark mass, beyond the event horizon that continues to accelerate again we observe a 1000 growth of mass respect to the charm…

So the top quark should be going faster than light in a new scale. How much is clearly defined by the Unification equation in terms of vortices (as we stated, we are not concerned with exact calculus, given the enormous complexity of quantum chromodynamics, the contribution to mass of all kind of virtual particles interactions and energies in detail – an extraordinary effort realized by the guys of asymptotic freedom with a similar concept of mass in terms of frequency). In our less precise but essentially right in the concept equation w² x M³, merely defines the growth of mass as a power law of faster growth than the speed of rotation. So the Unification equation in terms of Newtonian mechanics is simple:

*UC _{G,C} = *

*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}/M*UC*=

_{G,C}x M*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}M=*ω*

^{2}*r*

^{3}/UC_{G,C}Where we obtain for 2 UC(i/e) values, G and Q, 2 different space/time scales and vortices acceleration (mass and charges).

As we have a factor we cannot really measure for quarks that appear to us as point-particles (in its event horizon as the limit of our perception), we don’t know how fast the radius shrinks. If we consider it does it in inverse fashion to its angular speed and Mass becomes then the ‘relative constant’ M= ð(ω²) x $(r³), we are in a power law which is essentially similar to Kepler’s 3rd law. Couldn’t be otherwise: T² ≈ R³. So T=1/w and we substitute, normalizing as a constant each relative mass of each quark, M = 1; proportional to the square of its angular speed.

We can look at it in terms of dimensionalities, M, is the one dimensional scalar-singularity, w is the 2 Dimensional angular enclosure and r is the 3-dimensional quantum potential vital energy of the system – the lineal enclosed ‘wave’ state of this potential invisible field.

Now as the electron is an enclosure with the form of a standing wave, this speed would mean a rotational speed. In the simplified Bohr mode: 2 thousand km / s, approximately 1/100 of the light speed, which means clearly a decametric average mass jump. So we just reverse this hypothesis and consider that a 1000 growth of speed in the quantum potential is equivalent to a 100th growth of angular momentum in the rotation of the point particle which is equal to a 10 growth of mass…

And this give us *a huge boost in speeds of the ‘base’ quantum potential in which the heaviest particle the top quark moves. Indeed if we consider the ‘conservative’ view that the strange quark is rotating at c-speed and the ud quark at electronic speed (so the growth of mass from electrons to ud quarks is all product of their shrink in radius. Now the proton radius is around half that of the electron and 2000 more heavy. Here again we have of course some conflicting view. The ‘classical electron radius’ is a calculated radius based on an assumption that the mass-energy potential of an electron is fully contained within a certain radius. It has a value of 2.82×10 ^{-15} m. That’s certainly small. Now compare this with the measured radius of a proton, which is 1.11×10^{-15} m. According to this an electron has a radius 2.5 times larger than a proton.*

Our approach is to take the ratio of quark/electron mass, consider them the same type of ‘species’ in two different states then divide the proton’s radius by the cube root of this number (because mass increases according to the inverse cube of radius). This ratio, 1836, would set the electron’s radius at approximately 12 times larger than a quark: at 9.1×10^{-17} m.

*So here we do have an M vs. r³ clear one thousand relationship, which would make logic to consider the rotational speed of the electron and the proton equal.*

*THEN regardless of the UD quark speed, the same calculus when worked out with the potential which we know to relate to the rˆ3 distance-speed of the shrinking vortex will go in a power 3 scaling, gives a further boost on 3 scales of 10 for the speed of the potential. *

*The Strange quark at c speed, from a different species with the same radius and the bc quark at 100 c speed, and the top quark at 10.000 c speed with the same radius gives us a potential at 10.000 c speed.*

*But of course as we cannot measure the radius factor of point-particles, we cannot be for sure. We shall in any case as a hypothesis of work to consider that the quantum potential is a 10.000 C field. *Since this is the theoretical result of experiments, trying to measure the speed of quantum entanglement.

This issue solved what is exactly made of the gravitational 10.000 times quantum potential field – I would suggest the graviton to be the Neutrino, and physicists to work out the hypothesis of 1 – spin and 2 – spins working out their equations, as they do twitch them at will always when they want – as they did with big bang and quantum interpretations. Now a 10.000 change of speed truly gives us a ‘change’ of species of the same order than say between molecules and biological organisms; so this ‘jump’ would make the neutrino with its weak angle similar to the string, a candidate for a fully worked out new theory whose maths I have just peered into bored of complex calculations but which theoretically should put together all this: **neutrinos, strings, gravitons, spooky entanglement, top quarks, black hole jets, neutrino theory of light, dark entropy, death of tired redshift light, expansion of space… **

All what must be done there is to consider a neutrino of 2 spin either because it comes in four to form the light, and each neutrino is its antineutrino, or other change on those equations.

What matters us though more is the conceptual error of dealing with mass in the field of ih-angular momentum as the meaning of mass.

So then particles anti gravitate in the sense that mass here is ih and so they are density charges that change symbol from repulsive to attractive, as we must ‘NOT use the concept of mass’ but angular momentum h, as the operator of both lineal and angular momentum, relate it to charge which is the active magnitude here, mass being expelled from the real of intrinsic properties of quantum systems.

So good luck to the XXI century physicist that puts them all. All I know is that is the way shown by the theoretical analysis from a 5D perspective.

c and that mass is proportional in its attractive power/weight to the speed of its Vo X Ro = K, shrinking vortex, is a good candidate to 100 C angular rotation within the event horizon. And as top quarks are considered the ‘inner boson state’ of the black hole, the same goes for black holes.

**Spin**.

One may easily get the impression that spin cannot be explained in a realist way, given its “non-classical two-valuedness.” But actually it can be incorporated very easily, as Bell discovered: Do not assume that there is an “actual value” associated with the spin observable σˆz in the z (or any other) direction! Instead, take the equation of motion** (1):**

with Cˆk the spin space, i.e., k = (2s + 1)ˆN for N spin-s particles.

In particular, it is useful here to regard the wave function ψt for, say, a single spin- 1 particle not as a function ψt : R³ × {−1, 1} → C² of a continuous (position) variable and a discrete (spin) variable, but rather as a spinor- valued function of position, ψt : R³ → C².)

As a consequence of the motion of a particle with spin is influenced by both the “spin-up” and the “spin-down” component of the wave function. While the particle has an actual position (and a wave function) but no additional actual spin degrees of freedom, these are sufficient to completely account for all quantum phenomena associated with spin.

**Deterministic Evolution.**

Since the Schrodinger equation does not involve the particle positions Qi(t), it can be solved first and determines the wave function Ψt for every time t once an initial wave function Ψt0 is specified for any time t0 that we choose to regard as the initial time. Next note that the right hand side of (1) consists of the 3 components corresponding to particle i out of the 3N components of a vector field vΨt on configuration space R3N. As a consequence, the equations (1) for all i = 1,…,N can be summarized by:

dQ/dt = vΨt Q(t) (3)

Regarding Ψt as known, this is a (time-dependent) ordinary differential equation (ODE) of first order, and as such determines the entire history t → Q(t) once an initial con- figuration Q(t0) is specified. That is why Bohmian mechanics is deterministic: once Q(t0) and Ψt0 are specified, the entire history is fixed by the equations (1) and (2): This fact also implies that the pair (Q(t0),Ψt0) can be regarded as the state of the Bohmian particle system at time t0. Since the choice of t0 is arbitrary, the state at any time t is the pair (Q(t), Ψt), and the phase space of Bohmian mechanics is R3N × H .

**System or Universe.**

The equations of Bohmian mechanics could be applied to a familiar system (e.g., an atom) or to the universe as a whole. Of course, one cannot expect that the equations hold for every system, for example for systems that interact with their environments. So let us begin with the system for which the equations are primarily intended: the universe. In this setting, N is the number of particles in the universe, and Ψt is the wave function of the universe. To consider such a wave function is unusual; after all, the quantum formalism never refers to a wave function of the universe; the quantum formalism, providing the probabilities for the results of observations performed on a system by an external observer, involves the wave function of that system and not of the entire universe. In the context of Bohmian mechanics, however, the wave function of the universe is not at all a meaningless concept, as it influences the motion of the particles according to (1).

When (1) and (2) hold for the universe, it follows that equations of the same type (but with smaller N) hold for certain subsystems. (We shall assume here for simplicity that k = 1, i.e., that we are dealing with spinless particles.) Consider a subsystem of

the universe with configuration X (the x-system), so that the configuration Q of the universe is of the form Q = (X, Y ) with Y the configuration of the environment of the x-system. Then a natural notion of the wave function of the x-system is provided by its conditional wave function

ψ(x) = Ψ(x, Y )

where Ψ(q) = Ψ(x,y) is the wave function of the universe. It is easy to see that the x-system obeys (3) (with Q = X and Ψ = ψ).

Moreover, if the x-system is suitably decoupled from its environment, (2) will hold as well. For example, this is the case when there is no interaction between the x-system and its environment, and the wave function of the universe is of the form

Ψ(x, y) = ψ(x) φ(y) + Φ(x, y)

with φ and Φ having macroscopically disjoint y-supports (so that they will never again overlap appreciably), and with Y lying in the support of φ. Such a situation often arises after a “quantum measurement.”

Equivariance. If the initial configuration Q(t0) is chosen at random with probability density |Ψt0|2 then the configuration Q(t) at any other time t is random with proba- bility density |Ψt|2. (Whenever speaking of probabilities, we assume that Ψ has been normalized, by multiplication by a suitable constant, so that ⟨Ψ|Ψ⟩ = |Ψ(q)|2dq = 1.) This fact, known as equivariance, follows from the continuity equation:

∂ρ = −∇ · (ρ v)

for ρ = |Ψ|2 and with the Bohmian velocity vector field v = vΨ as in (3). The continuity equation is in turn a consequence of the Schrodinger equation; it is usually written (in standard quantum mechanics) in terms of the quantum probability current J = ρ v.

**Quarks as Time phases.**

In the graph, one of the classic confusions of space-physics is the description of time events and time forces as space-events. Quarks as they switch colors evolve through the 3 ages of life and then die as particle-antiparticle string a new cycle of existence after extinction and renewal, the total cycle of life of the quark though is interpreted as a spatial form: 3 quarks and a meson.

Now, if we consider quarks are in space, then the minimal charge of the Universe is 1/3^{rd}, and this – physicists don’t seem to have reflected much about it – imply that electrons are composite particles, because they have 1 charge.

What is their composite? Obviously the 3 dimensions of space. That is the perception in space of a ternary fraction: 3 dimensions in space, would then imply that quarks are bidimensional vortices, similar to those of galaxies (bidimensional vortices). And thus we are again in some fundamental properties of 5D physics – bidimensionality of space and time. This brings then the nice description of the 3 colors as dimensions in space, which explains then why gluons have 2 colors, they are bidimensional ‘strings’ so to speak (here the connection with the original string boson theory) and the reader will observe that geometrically we have 8 angles to complete a cube, and they are not commutative if you turn a book with those angles. That simple is the spatial perception of it.

So finally we come to the final element of the physical reality, spin. And here is where as in the case of the weak force we do have to end our nice gauge-symmetries in fractal cyclical space-time, because we are dealing with 5D forces of evolution.

In brief, spins, magnetic moments, masses and weak forces are social evolutions of cyclical motions of time, which IS how you ‘ascend and descend’ through the scales of the 5^{th} dimension and so the actions here involved unlike the symmetries of space and time cycles in a single plane, are NOT conserved as there are reproductive social actions that emerge as new wholes, of myriad of tiny parts: Œo ∑œ<∑œ>U+1.

So neither spins nor weak forces conserve the CP symmetry of the system, which in the case of spins it means they can switch up and down, + and – and have several different values and orientations, as quantum physicists do.

So it is not an essential theme beyond the full ‘spherical cycle of boson waves (0-scalar Higgs field with no ‘loss’ of time turning around just moving faster than c-speed in lineal fashion; 1 rotary motion in a full 360 degrees for photons).

And so this brings us to the analysis of ‘symmetries in the 5^{th} dimension’, which are slightly different from the concepts, easier to grasp of space-time symmetries in the single plane.

* *

* ***THE SPACE GENERATOR SYMMETRY OF THE ELECTRONIC WORLD**

Maxwell equations describe all the actions in time and forms in space of an electric field.

Now, the previous laws have 2 formulations that define the time and space symmetries of the system, which we shall study in more detail as we advance on this post.

In the previous formulation they explain the ‘actions’ electric fields perform (as always a differential is a shorter time description, or n-1 action, ∂a, e, i, o u; an integral over time or space is a larger description either the world cycle or the simultaneous space description of the being).

Thus in a geometric sense as ‘Integrals’ of ‘space’ they explain the Space symmetry of the electric system:

Se(Magnetic loop-membrane) <ST: electric wave> Tƒ (Electric point-particle charge)

1.Tƒ: The first Gauss law as the first law of gravitomagnetism does in gravitational cosmic space-time, defines the electric ‘informative’ attractive force of the electron, that is its action of gauging information in an spherical form, as the sphere is the topology that shrinks without tearing, allowing the electron to focus the information of the external universe. It does also allows to study the social structure of an electronic field in its static form.

It does define the central point of the Electromagnetic ‘species’ and allow us to configure once more the ‘electromagnetic species, in its Œn electronic form which is self-similar to that of the light species (wave form).

In it derivative action description it does obviously represent the informative gauging quantum time moments of the charges.

- The second integral defines the Se external membrane of the electric system, its magnetic field, telling us it does not sink in a loop. Does it is the canonical definition of an external membrane that surrounds the electric charge in a lineal flow or traces a larger loop through a cyclical electric field, acting as the ‘larger, external’ membrane or entropic element of the field. In its derivative version it represents the energetic action, defensive shield of the field.

3, 4. The third and 4th equations define the intermediate region, or interaction between both, the magnetic and electric field, explaining that both ‘reproduce each other’. It is thus the ‘body-wave’ element of the electric system, which is as always, a compound of interactions between both elements. In its derivative action formalism it does explain the reproductive actions of the system, as a varying electric field creates a magnetic field and a varying magnetic field creates an electric field.

And, further on, the 4th Maxwell addition defines the creation by varying electric and magnetic fields of an electromagnetic n-1 field of the lower scale, which is THE KEY law to understand the interaction of electric and magnetic field with is lower social scales, completing in this manner the description of the system.

**The ∆->∆+1 interactions. **

It only rests to understand how ‘electric waves’ relate to the larger gravitational, thermodynamic scales. That is, how electrons collapse into the larger scales of mass (quantum wave collapse into particles), how they interact with gravitational fields (relativity description). What is the relationship between the n-electronic scale and the upper molecular, thermodynamic fields. But all those descriptions have been customarily analyzed from the perspective of the lower quantum or upper relativity theories, so it makes no sense to study them here.

There are no infinitesimals of magnetic fields? Why, simply speaking because magnetic fields ARE the membrane of the electron world, and hence are not point charges.

But by the antisymmetry of scale, we can find them at the cosmic galactic-atomic scale. This prediction seems to be confirmed with the concept of a magnetstar but requires further research.

In terms of classic mathematical physics they will tell you because it is an effect of relativity (4D metric).

In terms of scales I will tell you that it is because from 5D perspective, the magnetic field ‘brings’ as all membranes energy to the Tƒ-electronic point by connecting it with the upper gravito-magnetic field.

That is the magnetic field emerges in larger units, as membranes do (DNA is in your cells, the external protein membrane however dominates the larger skin). So magnetism exchanges energy and information, ±∆e,i, with the cosmic, gravitational field above the system.

And hence it is also the field that carries the social actions of electrons. It is the field which evolves socially electric charges into larger simultaneous, fixed spatial ordered whole configurations, both in the atom (magnetic social number that regulates the electron orbitals) and the electric flows.

When electricity though becomes ‘naked’ (superconductivity), it does expel the magnetic field (Meissner effect) to move faster taking off its ‘social structural’ membrane.

So there is another huge field (Physics is sooo large)-: The connection between the electromagnetic field, the magnetic social equations, and the gravito-magnetic equations of a weak gravitational field (Heaviside equations of gravity, which are essentially those of general relativity), which help us to understand how the arrow of motion travels downwards, from gravity into magnetic fields, the upper ‘crust’ of the electric field and how upwards the magnetic field of a mass organizes its spin and through the dragging effects fine tunes informatively the configuration of social systems.

But as always in those interactions at a certain level of ‘strength’ of the gravitational larger field magnetism disappears and the new force achieves its full classic configuration.

So the analysis of the perpendicular 5D interactions is as always an emergent process that brings us from:

-Electronic charges, into the emergence through social electric motions of magnetic membranes, to the emergence through massive moving charges of magnetic fields of planets and stars connected to the Gravitomagnetic fields – via Heaviside unification equations of gravitational space-time, and vice versa, downwards through Gravitomagnetic dragging effects, which induce rotation in smaller masses, which induce magnetic fields which induce electric fields which move electric charges.

So as always upwards information, form is created with no entropy and downwards, motion is transferred with no entropy.

The electromagnetic field is the ‘5D across planes’, field which brings us to the ∆o human pov the information of other planes, and in doing so it changes the parameters of its waves, ‘travelling across’ the 5th dimension itself. This little understood phenomena: the deformations light space-time suffers in its travel through 5D planes as it enlarges its time frequency cycles through the microscope is also a factor to be taken into account.

Why then there are not magnetic monopoles becomes clear, as in each whole, the infinitesimal is an identical, clone particle – cells in human organisms, electric charges in individual atoms. While the magnetic field is the ‘wrap around’ closed time cycle of the upper social scales of ∆-1 electromagnetic quanta.

**Multiple Spaces-Times in Matter: Atoms & Molecules**

*In the graph, both in the quantum and cosmic world the geometrical inversions between Entropy and information and its perpendicular ST fields of motion define electromagnetic fields .*

The holographic principle explains how bidimensional fields of Entropy and information come together, through perpendicularity to create 4-dimensional systems.

The perpendicularity of those fields is thus a key feature to create 4-dimensional world, and it is established by the general rule that the body will have a flat, energetic arrow of feeding and the head will have a tall, high diffeomorphic orientation, relative to the ecosystem of Entropy and form in which the entity exist.

If we consider those 2 inversions of form: lineal Entropy vs. cyclical information and flat vs. tall perpendicularity between Entropy and information systems, forces and charges /masses in the physical world, we can define many physical events as transformations of lineal waves and fields of Entropy forces into cyclical or high particles and cycles of information, whose ratios of transformation in each of the scales of the Universe are called Universal constants.

In the graph, the isomorphisms of electric and magnetic fields are defined by those relative perpendicular morphologies. The ratios of transformations of Entropy into form define some of their Universal constants: 2 perpendicular fields of magnetic Entropy and electric information define in Maxwell equations the c-constant of light, which in organic terms is the ‘reproductive constant’ of the wave of light, caused by the constant process of creation that the interaction of the magnetic, spatial body of light and its informative, electronic particles, cause.

All those processes ‘form’ the energetic, formless gravitational vacuum into electromagnetic shapes: The Maxwell screw defines a flow of Entropy that accelerates as its perpendicular, temporal vortex diminishes its spatial radius, increasing its speed; the Earth’s rotation creates a lineal flow of magnetism; while an inverse, lineal electric flow creates a cyclical, magnetic vortex.

In the graph, we can observe how the inverse properties of relative Entropy and information fields explain the why of many physical phenomena. If we add the dual structure of fractal space-time, roughly constructed by 2 membranes, our visible, Euclidean space-time, made of light and the invisible, larger sea of gravitation made of dark Entropy, with its wider Non-Euclidean topology, we can deduce all the isomorphisms of physical science and its whys with far more insight that quantum physics does.

Let us just indicate from the perspective of the whys of the arrows of time of an electron, as we did for light, some basic events of the electronic and atomic world:

– <=>: Reproductive, communicative cycles: They happen when 2 particles communicate through forces, made of small, spatial particles, called bosons, repeat their waveform in space with a reproductive speed that imprints over the energetic field of vacuum space the in/form/ation of the particle.

– Social cycles: Particles create herds=waves of moving space-time quanta (dynamic, temporal perspective) related by EXO networks (static, spatial perspective).

Social processes are all pervading in the Universe, from waves of bosons that sometimes come together into single condensates, to networks of atoms that become molecules or combined processes, such as waves of stars that form spiral galaxies.

Thus, waves and forces are spatial bosons that communicate Entropy and information between temporal particles, called fermions, either charges or masses. It is the so-called boson/fermion inversion, the fundamental equation of quantum physics:

*T _{1} (fermion particle) < *∑

*sxt (boson force) > T*

_{2}(fermion particle)Existential=generational cycles: Again, we can adopt 2 points of view about particles. If we consider each particle/wave cycle a life/death cycle, particles have very short generational cycles. If we consider the next particle/wave cycle the same particle, particles are immortal.

In any case all those cycles can be summarized and formalized specific cases of the fractal, generator equation of the 2 arrows of time, spatial Entropy and temporal information: ∑∑ ∏Tƒ.

As we grow in scales of physical form, the nature of those cycles change slightly but the basic Entropy and information morphologies that define them are maintained. Since fractal, scalar paradigm is defined by its 3 invariances, invariance of relative motions (Einstein), invariance of scales (Nottale) and invariance of topological formal Time arrows (Sancho).

Those Time Arrows or dimensions of any fractal space/time are the 4 guiding whys or wills of any entity of the Universe:

– Entropy arrows that expand form into Entropy.

– Information arrows that form Entropy into information.

– Reproductive arrows that reproduce the Entropy and form of a complementarity system in other zone of space-time.

– Social arrows that create superorganisms by associating in complex networks Non-E particles of self-similar properties. This 4th arrow of social evolution is the cause of ‘scalar relativity’, as systems are made of parts that associate in wholes, which share the functions and morphologies of its parts. Yet scales are never equal as quantum physicists pretend, only self-similar. So the properties of a galaxy made of stars and black holes, made of quarks and electrons are self-similar to those of quarks and electrons.

For example, in the next social plane that gathers atoms into molecules, the 3 main cycles of Entropy, form and the reproductive combination of both, become the 3 states of matter:

-Energetic gas state, (max. spatial extension and energetic speed).

-The balanced, reproductive liquid state, S=T, which creates the more complex forms of life.

-The 3^{rd}, informative solid age, which has temporal, informative properties (cyclical vibration, high density of form and minimal space). While the spin or temporal movement of particles that gives them mass emerges in the macro-plane of molecules as a ‘vortex’ that attracts those molecules.

*The boson-fermion equation, fundamental event of physics.*

What the boson-fermion interaction means is that both, masses and charges are accelerating vortices which produce constantly, as they decelerate, ‘fractal actions of constant speed’ and increase the curvature of space in the dimension of height, through which they emit most of those actions, as electric or magnetic quanta. In the case of an electromagnetic vortex part of its acceleration becomes also transformed in the Unruh radiation that increases the temperature of the accelerating vortex. In our macrocosmic Universe it means a friction that decelerates the vortex and increases also its temperature. In gravity the interaction of the 3 dimensions is also evident: As the G-deformation of the vortex grows, so it grows its speed and acceleration. Unification follows when we consider charge and mass merely 2 types of vortices that can be derived from a 5^{th} fractal dimension of time, that can accelerate inwards, imploding space (and then we have the arrow of gravity) or decelerate outwards widening space and diminishing curvature (then we obtain, as Kaluza did, the electromagnetic arrow).

The perception of those dimensions becomes more complex if we introduce the errors of the mind that tends to average accelerations and decelerations into constant speeds and converts speeds into static distances or spaces. We say that the mind uncoils an accelerating time dimension into a wider static field of space, or a fixed density of space-time called a mass. This is easy to understand. Take for example, the representation of those 3 parameters, space, speed and acceleration in a Cartesian system of coordinates. Space is longer: it is a length in the x-coordinates without any angle, flat. Then we raise the dimension of height/time, and obtain a diagonal, straight line that represents a constant speed. Yet because it has an angle, the line is shorter in X-space coordinates. Fact though, is that the being that has speed is in fact moving a longer length, but we have transformed that longer length into a temporal height/form in the graph. Finally acceleration is represented by a parable that finally becomes a height line and so it occupies the less quantity of X-space. Yet an accelerating being will reach the longest distance of all the 3 beings in the shorter time.

What those accelerating beings peel off as friction or radiation, or speed is called in quantum Physics an action, which is a fundamental constant in all beings. In the quantum realm the accelerating vortex produces an h-constant action of Entropy and time; in the macro physical realm it produces a Temperature or radiation as in the Unruh case. So to avoid collapsing into a singularity of infinite speed, what particle’s vortices do is to peel off h or T actions, modes of constant speed, made of Entropy and time. So we can move from the Equivalence Principle of Relativity to the Gauge and Action principles of quantum physics.

*Conclusion*

Thus in physical space all what exists are 4 motions of time, and those 4 motions define a Universe in perpetual motion, perpetually creating and destroying organic systems of Entropy and information.

Yet because the physical Universe is the simplest of all systems, its main event is a transformation of Entropy into information, of vacuum space into vortex-like masses and charges, which cannot be reduced further. And so the simplest ‘events in time’ or ‘types of change/arrow of motions’ in the Universe are lineal energies that move (boson forces) and cyclical forms that turn around, storing information in their patterns of form and frequency.

And this explains why the boson/fermion inversion is the main law of quantum events and why E<=>M(t)c^{2} is the main law of the mass membrane. And we write it also as feedback equation since in physics Entropy/information events are reversible. So in the same manner Entropy can curl into mass, mass can explode into Entropy.

Indeed, if we depart from pure lineal motion or entropy (perceived statically as extension or space), then by ‘curling’ and ‘warping’, we can obtain cyclical forms (masses and charges), in the same way that by crunching a paper we obtain warps, angles of form. This primary event, E->O, diminishes the space, extension, lineal motion or speed (self-similar concepts) of space and increases its form. Thus, we obtain from Entropy ->Information. While the 2^{nd} causal arrow of that feedback equation explains the destruction of form and creation of Entropy, I->E, which is the ultimate meaning of the big-bang and all other mini-big bangs (novae, supernovas, beta-decay, Bombs) of the physical world of matter.

Reason why Einstein said that ‘time warps space into masses’ – meaning that Entropy curls into cyclical vortices of mass – while Darwin said that ‘Time evolves the morphology of life beings’; and deduced first the equation M=E/c^{2 }even if the Atomic bomb made more famous the destructive inversion

*Recap*. All the events of quantum particles can be explained as events Generated by the fractal equation of spatial Entropy (boson waves) and temporal information (fermion particles).

**Physical constants are Entropy/form ratios of space-times.**

Universal constants show ratios of Entropy, form, and ST=reproduction of space-time membranes. So they can all be written as partial equations of the Generator Equation of spatial Entropy and temporal information: SPe<ST>Tif.

The relationship between the Constants, O & e of those space-time membranes or ‘forces’ is a simple rule, known to physicists as the Law of Range: Max. E = Min. O and vice versa, which is a particular case of the inverse properties of Entropy and form.

In the widest ecosystem of physics and its 2 gravitational and light space-time membranes, those Universal constants are related to the informative density and spatial distance of the vortices of masses, charges and lineal flows of forces of those 2 membranes.

Because there are 2 membranes of space-time, the light space-time membrane we see and the dark, gravitational, bigger, faster space-time membrane we don’t see, the Universal constants of both membranes are different. This means that black holes and quarks beyond the event horizon keep accelerating faster than light, and the Entropy they expel through their poles, called dark Entropy is also faster than light, which is the limit of speed of our membrane of space-time, light. Thus, the specific physical constants used to describe the e/o ratios of the vortices of Entropy and form of the cosmological and quantum world of masses and charges differ in value, as they express those different Entropy/form ratios. Yet since there is invariance of topological form, the only difference between electromagnetic and gravitational fields will be the extension/speed in space of its forces and the informative frequency of its vortices of temporal information that will give us different Universal constants, which are ratios that measure the speed of transformation of spatial Entropy into cyclical frequency. Thus we write a generic, topological, invariant equation for all space-times which will differ in its specific Constant (T/S):

*F = UC (Tiƒ/Spe) Mm (t) /Dd (s)*

*Recap*. We measure universal constants as ratios between the frequency of a mass/charge or in-form-ative volume of the particle and its spatial distance. And so the faster the frequency of the ratio and the smaller the spatial extension, the stronger the Universal constant will be and the faster the exchanges of Entropy and form between the particles/vortices will happen. It results in 3 forces: the gravitational, macrocosmic force, the electromagnetic force and the strong microcosmic force of increasing strength and speed of rotation as we diminish our size.

**Forces & particles of the 2 universal membranes**

*In the graph, the Universe is made of 2 space-time membranes, the light world of charges and stars and the string world of quark masses and black holes. We live in the electromagnetic scales, which form a network whose dark spaces are occupied by quarks (∆-1 inner world of atoms), and in the biggest eusocial structures we know of electromagnetic matter (∆+1 galaxies) by black holes, whose parameters correspond to top quark condensates.*

*The basic forces that create distance-space and information between them are boson strings of gravitation condensed into gluons and strong forces in the quark-mass membrane and Planck actions of light, condensed into photons in the electromagnetic scale. Those gluons and photons herd further into cyclical particles made of such fractal parts, associated into cyclical networks, called quarks and electrons. Self-similar structures form the nebulae of stars called galaxies, and the condensed of quarks called black holes. The only error of such standard model, reflected in the previous graph is the weak force which is not a spatial force but describe time events of transformation of particles between both scales.*

The 2 membranes of space-time have 2 theories that must be put together to explain the dual Universe:

– Quantum theory that describes the electromagnetic membrane, not the cosmological world. Both are self-similar (as we have shown with the equation of fractal unification), but not equal. Thus, while we can admire that self-similarity, the use by quantum cosmologists of quantum equations to describe the cosmological world is erroneous.

– Relativity, the theory of gravitational forces and black holes, which are super fluid quark stars. And so it should be fusion with the theory of strong forces and quark masses.

Since each of those scales has also a fractal structure, we have to define its fractal quanta:

-Masses are vortices that grow from string actions (Nambu’s actions of boson, tachyon strings corrected to fractal dimensions and background independent.) Those motions reproduce and evolve into gluons, which are the fractals that evolve into quarks, vortices that are the fractal parts of quark stars.

Since our electrons surround those quarks, locking them inside charges must be fractal vortices with a larger number of dimensions than those bidimensional masses. So 3 bidimensional quarks of 3×1/3^{rd} =1 charge must lock their mass in the x,y,z planes to enter in a 3-dimensional exchange of Entropy and information with the electrons of our light-space. So quark masses attract electrons with their gravitational force inwards, and electrons shield themselves with their electromagnetic force outwards. The balance of that tug of war is a complementary atom.

In that regard the entanglement of both membranes is dynamic and based in the network structure of non-Euclidean spaces in which its points are connected by ‘lines of communications’ which are waves of smaller particles; leaving in between dark spaces which allow the other membrane to entangle itself; as it happens with the blood/reproductive and nervous/informative network of a human vital space. In the case of the 2 membranes of space-time the membrane of dark Entropy/matter (gravitational membrane) plays the role of the nervous/informative network that connects the blood/electromagnetic network.

We talk of 2 space-time networks, defined by 2 spatial forces – lineal strings of gravitation and lineal waves of light – and 2 clock-vortices of time: gravitational masses and electronic charges.

The emergence of those st-1 worlds into the st+1 scale of galactic entities (where we are the st-relative intermediate scale sandwiched between both) is caused by the eusocial evolution of enormous quantities of those fractal units: vortices of quarks made of ‘strong’ forces, whose fractal particles are gluons, gather together as fractal parts of quark stars, pulsars and black holes.

While our world – the light space we inhabit – is sandwiched between quarks and galaxies

Its smallest actions are h-Planck constants, which are the fractal parts that form light photons, which are the fractal parts gathered into an electron nebulae, the basic clock of time of our world, whose plasma herds (ionized state), associated with complementary protons creates the world stars. Finally vortices of star herds form galaxies, which turn around their Kerr black holes, and so are self-similar st+1 objects of the st-1 atoms positioned in space by the gravitational force of the central quarks.

Thus, the invariance of topological form and scale of all those vortices that makes macrocosms emerge from microcosms is caused by the complementary structure of its central mass vortices that anchor the electronic and star Entropy of our light membrane:

Quarks anchor atoms and black holes anchor galaxies.

*Recap*. Our space-time is made of h-quanta of light. We exist as evolved forms of a light space-time network anchored by the nuclei of atoms, made of quanta of strong forces, called gluons and quarks belonging to the gravitational space-time membrane.

**Some precisions on the formalisms of both membranes.**

A quanta, which is interpreted as an abstract, probabilistic number in quantum theory is a fractal piece of space-time, a complementary system made of bites of spatial-Entropy and bits of temporal-information. This is self-evident even in quantum theory, where Planck defined those quanta as actions with the dimension of Entropy and time.

The Universe is indeed made of actions of Entropy and time, as when we say ‘I don’t have more Entropy or time to do this’. We are not solid spatial forms, a Maya of the senses, so common among ‘naïve realist’ physicists, accustomed to touch the solid metal of their machines, but we exist in a spiritual Universe made of actions of Entropy and time, which occupy a vital space and have a time rhythm. And each of the self-similar fractal worlds/membranes of the Universe has a minimal unit or fractal quanta, a type of st- point with a different volume of Entropy and information that defines the space-time membrane.

We exist in the space-time membrane of light made of h-quanta. And its formalism, later studied in more detail is well-known to physicists (quantum physics), and requires some modifications on its interpretation to adapt it to the wider concept of fractal spaces and cyclical times (Correspondence principle).

But there is another space-time membrane of gravitational quanta, whose formalism requires more changes, since being an invisible membrane, we humans cannot use easily the experimental method to study them, especially when considering the st-1 quanta so small, in the Planck length scale that there is no way we can observe and prove our models. So we are left only with proper formalisms of its macrocosmic entities and effects, which Einstein described with general relativity.

As of two day two formalism, which require further corrections are useful to that aim: the formalism of boson, tachyon strings defined by Nambu’s actions, adapted to a background independent world (they are the actions that create the membrane, not actions that float in an abstract metric coordinates), and the use of fractal dimensions and non-Euclidean geometries, unknown to physics.

Another formalism used to describe the gravitational minimal units is the one elaborated by Nottale^{6}, whose unit is λ, lambda, also called the cosmological constant. In scale relativity, Nottale defined this constant as Λ = 1/L2, the minimal unit of the gravitational Universal membrane, where L is the minimal length of that membrane, the smallest piece of space. It is essentially a string, but string theory must overcome the error of Newtonian Absolute Space to become useful to describe the gravitational scale, as its minimal unit ‘independent of the abstract background of membrane space-time’.

Such formalism which borrows from the work of those 2 pioneers is part of the more complex ‘courses’ of Multiple Spaces-Times, beyond the scope of this introductory lectures.

The other formalism that is not completed is the formalism of weak forces, since Physicists unaware of the temporal nature of those events have tried unsuccessfully to describe it with the same spatial exchange of particles (Higgs mechanism^{7}) when weak forces are temporal events, and the W and Z particles brief states in the process of transformation of particles of our electromagnetic membrane into masses of the gravitational membrane. Reason why those forces break the symmetry – as time is not symmetric but hierarchic and why the Higgs has not been found and will never be found – it is a particle only needed if it was a weak force.

Unfortunately we cannot perceive the lambda scale of strings. But, essentially with those 2 membranes the strong gravitational world and the electromagnetic world and its 3 ±i scales, we can explain all the physical properties, events and entities of reality.

*Recap*. The formalism of the light-membrane is described by quantum physics and it is correct, except for the errors in the description of the temporal, weak force. The formalism of the gravitational membrane departs from its minimal unit, the boson, tachyon string, which must be adapted to a background independent gravitational membrane of which it is its minimal action and the fractal, finite nature of dimensions.

**The 3 scales of the 2 membranes.**

Why there are 3 main scales of social evolution in both membranes? The trivial answer is that we are always sandwiched between a lower and upper scale and so we always perceive 3 even if the number of scales might be infinite.

And so from the human p.o.v. any entity or system of Entropy and information stretches in 3 scales.

For example, your organism is basically a fractal of biological Entropy and information extended in 3 scales, cells, individuals and societies, of which you are a relative cell.

In the physical, fractal, Non-Euclidean structures of the 2 membranes of space-time, there are also 3 basic scalar structures:

A complementary atom extends on both membranes. In each of those membranes, quanta evolve and form social groups, emerging into a new topology, a higher scale of Entropy and form:

-The scale of h-quanta form light and electronic nebulae, made of dense photons.

– While its inner gravitational world of quarks can be decomposed in 3 scales: The lambda scale of ‘strings’ are the components of gluons, which are the components of quarks.

Emergence of parts into wholes of a higher scale is possible due to the other 2 invariances/dualities of physical systems: invariance of topological form and motion allows invariance of scale.

What about the cosmological world? Again we must consider that cosmological systems have 3 scales, the scale of particles, (quarks, electrons and atoms), which are the units of cosmological bodies, black holes, quark stars and electronic stars, which are the atoms of galaxies. Those 3 scales thus interact in all the organic networks of galaxies.

There might be another scale, the Universe, where galaxies are atoms of the Universe (and the Einstein-Walker model of cosmology treats them in fact as Hydrogen atoms); which would itself be a unit of a hyper-universe, whose ‘explosion’ at an even faster ‘infinite speed’ that dark Entropy, would explain the ‘inflationary age’ of the big-bang. But there is little evidence of this final scale today, and an enormous number of Pythagorean and hyperbolic errors in the formulations of the cosmological big-bang *in a single space-time continuum *to take serious that theory.

*Recap*. All what we can be sure of, is what we can perceive – the limits of our existence, sandwiched between atoms and islands-universes, the original name Kant gave to galaxies.

**Dimensions of particles and Universal membranes.**

In that sense, to fully grasp the difference between both worlds, the dark and light world, we must understand the basic isomorphisms of fractal dimensions. Dimensions are in any system of the Universe, as in the case of light, arrows of time (motions of Entropy, information and reproduction), perceived according to the Paradox of Galileo also as ‘spatial surfaces. Thus, they are always local, fractal dimensions which are limited by the extension of the ‘species’ in which those dimensions create a ‘vital space’. So dimensions are dynamic as the species they create grows or shrinks, evolves into more complex beings or becomes destroyed. Entities grow in dimensions as they grow in size.

Further on, more complex informative species ad dimensions.

This happens normally when a form is bigger and has inner particles. But in the case of quarks it happens, because the quark is faster and has more inner speed/form.

All in all, the total number of dimensions of a system is relative to our detail of analysis. For example, those quarks are made of one-dimensional strings, made of non-Euclidean points (each one with its 3 inner dimensions), which have a total of 3 × 3 dimensions (3 of their Non-Euclidean points and 3 of the string of points). That is why physicists in detail use 9+1 time dimension to study strings, but from our perspective without detail, they are just one-dimensional lines of a quark vortex.

Yet if we transcend to the world of quarks we consider them 1-dimensional. So those strings form gluons and quarks, which from our higher world are perceived as bidimensional mass-vortices.

Finally 3 color-locked quarks interact with the world of light of 3 dimensions, and the world of electrons of 4 dimensions, which are the 3 dimensions of Euclidean space and one of form, of color.

On the other hand, the biggest entities have more dimensions, as they include the smaller entities within its whole. It is the law of fractal dimensionality. It states that a fractal part of a bigger st-scale of information has fewer dimensions such as:

*Law of dimensionality: Fractal ∑∆-1 = 1/3 ^{rd} Dimensions of st*

Since any st-Point will have 3 inner dimensions. Thus the dimensions of information of any system grow with a cubic power law as the system grows in scale. In simple terms, a 3-dimensional being transcends as a mere cellular point of the new whole.

Those 3-inner dimensions, as in the case of light, are ultimately the dynamic arrows of time, or wills, or physiological networks, or organic drives of the being.

For example, a human being has 3 dimensional networks, which are our physiological systems. The blood network of Entropy, the nervous network of information and the endocrine network of reproduction. Those are the 3 systems around which cells and organs build up. So humans can be described as a 3-dimensional network with 3 wills: to absorb Entropy for our blood/ digestive system, to absorb information for our sensorial/ informative system and to reproduce through our hormonal system.

*The abstract, geometric description of dimensions is secondary to the functional, dynamic, organic meaning of those dimensions. The how is less revealing than the why. *The why of dimensional motions are the search of Entropy and information of any entity, whose paths become fixed in space and appear as dimensions. Or they are the reproductive strings of self-similar cells that form the physiological network of Entropy or information of the system.

In the quantum world, the constant exchanges of Entropy and information of the electron with the external Universe are described with 2 simple quantum numbers that correspond also to the complex actions in space-time of its cellular photons and the of time:

-The 2 first numbers describe at photonic scale, the reproduction of photons, part of the wave (main number) and its social evolution (l number). At the electronic level they define its e<=>I, Entropy level and formal structure.

-The spin number defines two clone electrons, often reproduced with different spin in a particles deocupling and the magnetic number the social organization of those electrons established by an external magnetic field. Thus those numbers describe the ‘paths’ of particles in search of its dimensional arrows of Entropy and information.

The dimensions of light are also the dimensions of the energetic/magnetic field, the informative/electric field and the reproductive length-speed, or social evolution (color/frequency).

In that regard, it is also interesting to observe the relationship between both planes, the light plane which ‘feeds’ as the lower st-1 space the dense fractal, cellular points of light of the electron. When considering the basic isomorphisms between planes of space-time we noticed that a force, st-1 of Entropy, becomes st-bits of information of the upper scale, which uses them as pixels to gauge information. Thus the magnetic, width field that acts as Entropy in light becomes the informative, electron magnetic number.

Life beings also have a dimension of height/information that is maximal in man, the most informative being of the cosmos, and a dimension of Entropy/length which is maximal in energetic predators.

*Recap*: Dimensions are morphological expressions of the arrows of time, seen as fixed forms of space.

**The corrections of quantum physics.**

*Particles and antiparticles, positive and negative charges must be explained as space-time antisymmetries, which can be seen according to the Galilean paradox, both as inverted events in time, as in the left Feynman diagram or as geometrical inversions in space (right diagrams). They are the why of most physical dualities that classic physics fails to understand.*

All the errors of interpretation of quantum physics derive also from the ignorance of the key dualities of the Universe:

-Duality of motion in time=distance in space.

-Duality of 2 space-time membranes, gravitation & light.

-Duality of wholes, made of fractal parts of a smaller scale.

-And duality of the arrows of form and Entropy natural to all complementary beings, which create 2 more complex arrows, energetic reproduction and informative, social evolution.

When we use those whys to interpret the magnificent scaffolding of mathematics and metric space times of measure built by quantum theories all becomes resolved. So we shall try to give meaning and explore the whys of quantum physics with the new tools of multiple spaces and times.

Let us then start with a basic clarification brought about by the knowledge that all cyclical patterns and forms are ‘time-clocks’ that carry the information of the species we study. This means particles are cyclical states and waves are energetic states; and cyclical properties such as spins are time-clocks that carry information while energetic states are lineal, extended forces.

The main error of quantum physics is the lack of understanding of the properties of temporal information, the cyclical nature of time and its multiple rhythms and clocks, obscured by the equalization of all those rhythms with a time-clock. This error is enhanced by the experimental limits of human instruments (uncertainty principle):

Time cycles and spatial flows cannot be differentiated in the quantum realm, as they can in the biological world, due to the minimal duration of ticks of time of quantum particles, which therefore are observed as space trajectories.

This is due to the black hole paradox: Max. Tƒ = Min. Se, which means the smaller the particle is the faster its cyclical, rotational clocks turn. So in experimental physics, you never get images short enough to ‘feel the tick’ of time. Time cycles appear as those pictures of a fast turning wheel, which seems a solid disk without motion. So particle’s cycles appear; as printed ‘images’ on the bubble chamber.

Yet once we understand the dualities and forms of time-clocks and spatial, lineal flows, there are easy ‘key elements’ to know when we are seeing ‘sequential time events’ instead of ‘spatial trajectories’. For example, systems that are ‘bilateral’, 2, are space-like, left-right. While systems that are composed of 3 elements are time-like, where each element represents the past, present and future states. So there are not 3 quarks but quarks in 3 time states/colors. And so in time the same quark changes its 3 states creating a charge of 3 x 1/3=1. More often we find that a ternary state is both, an organic structure in space and a ternary wave in time. And so the ternary topologies form the particle state, and the 3 phases of the wave represent the particle in time. 3 is thus the evolutionary limit, which explains why so many systems are ternary systems: 3 neutrinos evolve increasing information as a wave; 3 mass families are the 3 horizons of evolution of quark-masses, and so on.

Further on, particles must be classified in 2 different membranes, that of light and that of gravitation, which we do not perceive. Thus it is easy to classify those particles, as we did in previous paragraphs: the easiest criterion is its ‘visibility’. So gluons, quarks, boson strings, gravitons, black holes and neutrinos, which are not observables, are gravitational species.

Because time ‘bends Entropy into cyclical vortices’ masses or charges, depending on which of the two membranes of space-time we study (since both are self-similar as we showed by finding its unification equation), we can also differentiate the particles that are clocks of time and store most of the information in both systems (electrons and quarks), and particles which are lineal, energetic states (light and gluons).

Because the universe is in symmetric balance, as there are electric and magnetic fields in light to balance each other, and there is a repulsive, lineal electromagnetic, transversal wave and an attractive cyclical electronic particle; so there must exist an attractive, cyclical gravitation and a repulsive, transversal gravitational wave. Thus we conclude that dark Entropy is merely the transversal, repulsive gravitational waves that come out of galactic black holes.

Finally, since the formalism of temporal information is inverse to that of Entropy (meaning that Entropy moves forwards, information stops motion or reverses backwards with negative, imaginary numbers), and both cancel each other, we can distinguish, which are the parameters of Entropy and information of a field or particle.

For example, in electrons, the informative component is given by the imaginary parts of the Abelian phase of its mass field; and both fields – the real, energetic field and the informative imaginary component – are at a 90 degrees angle and when one is maximized the other is nullified. So even if our perception doesn’t distinguish both terms we can now which one carries the information of the system and which one the motion.

For the same reason the 4 quantum numbers can be easily classified as representing the 4 basic arrows of an electron:

- E:
*The principal quantum number*(*n*= 1, 2, 3, 4, …) denotes the eigenvalue of Hamiltonian (H), i.e. the Entropy. This number therefore has a dependence only on the distance between the electron and the nucleus (i.e., the radial coordinate, r). The average distance increases with n, and hence quantum states with different principal quantum numbers are said to belong to different shells. *The azimuthal quantum number*(*ℓ*= 0, 1, …,*n*− 1) (also known as the angular quantum number or orbital quantum number) gives the orbital angular momentum. In chemistry, this quantum number is very important, since it specifies the shape of an atomic orbital and strongly influences chemical bonds and bond angles. Thus it is the number that defines the form, or ‘static information’ of the system.*The spin projection quantum number*(*m*= ±½), is the intrinsic angular momentum of the electron or nucleon. This is the projection of the spin_{s}*s*= ½ along the specified axis. And it defines when a particle decouples producing two electrons, its ‘male’, ‘female’ forms, as only two electrons with inverse spin can reproduce. Results indicate that up to two electrons can occupy a single orbital – but they must be male and female, with ‘different spin’.*The magnetic quantum number*(*m**ℓ*= −*ℓ*, −*ℓ*+ 1, …, 0, …,*ℓ*− 1,*ℓ*) yields the projection of the orbital angular momentum along a specified axis. L_{z}=*m**ℓħ*.

It defines the number of electrons with clonic form but different relative orientation there can be in a shell, hence it is the ‘social arrow’ that defines the organization of a number of similar elements in the system. And also allows the system to understand an external magnetic field and organize its social evolution as a herd of electrons.

- However two electrons can never have the same exact quantum state nor the same set of quantum numbers.
- Further on, according to the isomorphisms of emergence between scales:

-The 2 energetic/informative arrows are represented by the 2 first numbers, the main number represents the reproductive wave of photons (lower scale) that shape the energetic volume of the electron as it displaces, imprinting the surface of Entropy around the nucleus. The second number represents the ‘changes in the shape’ of that electronic path, due to the absorption= feeding of a photon that evolves formally into the electron.

-Then the other 2 numbers, the magnetic number and spin mean the same for its information components: the spin represents the reproduction of two electrons, which are born with two orientations – short of the masculine and feminine sex, and the magnetic field is the language of social evolution that affects the electron as it is his ‘informative perception’ that can change the spin and orientate the electron from an external field.

This trivial explanation of the why of the 4 quantum numbers, using the theory of Multiple Spaces-Times however will be denied by most abstract physicist, for whom organicism is a taboo concept born from the anthropocentric nature of human beings and the mechanist approach to science of the founding fathers, whose memes are learned and repeated without much reflection by all texts on physics. Yet what marvels of a model of multiple, vital spaces and time arrows applied to quantum physics, is how easily data becomes structured into a ‘plan’ with meaning, explaining the whys of all previously paradoxical quantum processes.

Indeed, once those precisions are made we can truly clarify all the mysteries and meanings of the parameters of quantum physics, from spins to waves to complementarity isomorphisms, to spooky effects. For example, since a time state is an informative, *still* state with the ternary phases of time cycles and its hierarchical, non-commutative causality – given the fact that it is not the same a motion to the future (whereas Entropy becomes information) than a motion to the past (where information becomes Entropy), the meaning and mystery of spins becomes resolved:

Systems with 3 spin positions (spin number 1), are still systems and the 3 spins form a rotational clock.

Systems that are in motion have 1/2 spin number – 2 positions and they are bosons which display a spatial main lineal motion and its inverse negative ‘informative’ motion, creating a simple beat forwards, backwards. This beat is natural to all complementary systems that last, and so we find that an alternate currency of electrons is more stable and lasting than a continuous one as it has an Entropy/information beat in its motion.

Those rules of course are also useful to detect erroneous theories that cannot happen since they mix properties of time particles with spatial properties and vice versa.

For example, the Higgs cannot exist because it is a scalar boson^{7}. And by definition, a scalar field with no rotation will not act as a boson moving at light speed.

Further on a boson cannot have mass as it does not close its cyclical trajectory so it does not form an attractive vortex, reason why light and gluons don’t have mass.

The same concept applies to forces, whose range law I just an expression of the Black hole paradox (max. Entropy=Minimal information/mass). So we can distinguish forces belonging to the strong-mass membrane – gluons – and forces belonging to the electromagnetic membrane – photons. And then forces belonging to the bigger cosmic membrane of gravitation, gravitons, which are boson strings of tachyon speed.

This leaves the 4^{th} force, the weak force that has no range and time parameters that change the in/form/ation of the particle, and also breaks the symmetry of space (left-right). So it is obviously not a spatial force but a time event, which further explains why we have never found its ‘boson force’, the Higgs^{7}.

The same error invalidates super symmetry and hence all string theories except the original one, which properly understood as background independent and using fractal co-dimensions of finite size extended through several relative scales of gravitational complexity should become departing from its Nambu’s minimal action and Planck length, the proper formalism of gravitons.

Thus, while the formalisms of most quantum theories are correct all those limits of perception added to the errors of using a single clock-time and a single space, explains why so many ‘whys’ are confused in quantum physics to the point that Feynman finally said: ‘the why is what you don’t ask in quantum physics’. We do and that is what this paragraph is about: the why of the perceived phenomena of quantum physics.

Finally physicists ignore the black hole paradox so they don’t understand that protons, neutrons and all other particles do not live eternally. On the contrary their life/death cycle is their complementary cycle between informative states and energetic states, either the clock of particle/wave complementarity or the clock of particle/antiparticle, past to future and future to past cycles.

And so their existential cycles are really short. But they do not disappear because what physicists see are ‘generational waves’, given the fact that at the quantum level unlike in our informative-dominant world of biology, past to future and future to past arrows are reversible. So as a very simple jellyfish does, turning his clock backwards when it gets old and becoming young again to turn the clock forwards; particles and antiparticles go forwards and backwards and forwards in time. Bosons and electrons move forwards in energetic motions and backwards in informative motions. Light imprints once and again a photon of information that becomes an energetic wave that becomes a photon.

And so what physicists call the life of a particle is its longer generational cycle, which can last an enormous number of self-repetitions, but should neither be eternal.

Indeed, it seems that light beams and light-evolved entities (stars) have a mean cycle of 10 billion years, after which they suffer an energetic big-bang expansion – stars explode into Novae and light gets tired and expands in a redshift process, returning to its gravitational, non-local lower scale of dark Entropy. This of course explains why far away light red shifts and seems to expand space: it is dying and beyond those mean 10 billion years an increasing ‘darkness’ is observed in the Universe, which a simple Gauss curve of probabilities show to be almost absolute beyond the x+1/3^{rd} 13.3 billion years range.

Again physicists don’t see both, the dual space and time views of the Universe but only the temporal big-bang, which considers a cosmos in time failing to analyze it in space as a simultaneous system connected by non-local gravitation. So they think darkness is not caused by the spatial death of light, which they merely use as a clock of cosmic time, thinking therefore that beyond those ages we enter into a temporal darkness – and the Universe didn’t exist.

*Recap*. Quantum errors derive from the confusion of time clocks with spatial trajectories and the ignorance of the dualities of spatial Entropy and temporal information; and its rejection of organic theories of reality.

**Informative inflation: The error of multiple dimensions.**

After rejecting so many trendy theories of modern physics, I am afraid many practitioners of the ‘baroque’ age of information of quantum theories will ignore this text, so we must do further clarifications on the why of that multiplication of impossible theories.

The inflation of baroque theories of physics, which take the classic age of Metric spaces and its proper theories (Relativity and quantum physics) beyond its scope and reach, has caused many false theories without empirical proof, which try to correct and extend the metric paradigm beyond its power of resolution, without taking into account the needed corrections and widening view provided by the new tools of topology, fractal points and Non-Euclidean postulate. The main reasons of that inflation of false or unproved theories are:

– The fact that information is inflationary. This is self-evident. A language of the humankind maps out reality with far less Entropy. So it is rather easy to construct many linguistic images of a single reality, as we can find many mirror images of an object. And all of them will carry a minimal truth. But the theory that matters to us is the one that has the perfect focus with a given language. Again, if we focus an image with a camera, there would be many images similar to the object but only a point of perfect focus. So all those alternative theories with many dimensions are just half-truths, bad focused, linguistic and mathematical images of a single reality. We are however here concerned with the dimensional theory that has the perfect focus, both in logic and mathematical thought.

– A 2^{nd} problem is the Pythagorean belief that mathematics is the only language of science and any mathematical theory must be truth. This absolute belief in a language fails to recognize the limits of linguistic knowledge. And it is proper of a young language, which evolves from an age of simple, dogmatic truths to a more sophisticated baroque age. Mathematics has been applied as the ‘language of God’ to the Universe only for 4 centuries. So scientists are believers in their language with a dogmatic degree that verbal writers only practiced in earlier, religious ages, when the written word was also considered the language of God. Pharaohs would just say, ‘it is written’. And that meant it was truth. Then philosophers of language found out the relativism of all linguistic statements. And finally an inflationary age of verbal information – the age of fiction thought – has settled down after millennia of using words.

This inflationary age happened in mathematics only a century ago and the relativism of those theories was exposed by the work of Gödel. Yet the believers still rule in science and so it is a fact that Gödel has been cornered and considered a heretic both in physics and mathematics for denying that ‘God speaks mathematics’ (Galileo). It is however about time for science to accept the linguistic limits of mathematics as verbal writers accepted the meaning of fiction in verbal thought precisely when Cervantes wrote the first fiction novel of the modern age, Don Quixote. Instead, scientists must accept that after Gödel we need experimental proof to show a mathematical theory certain.

– A third source of errors is the mechanist dogma that denies organic interpretations of physics, which are self-evident as quantum probabilities in time are easily transformed into spatial population of fractal knots of electromagnetism in space (real, mass side of the phase equation.)

The denial of Hylomorphism (the opposite philosophy of the platonic pythagorism of physicists who believe mathematics are truth per se, declared by Aristotle – all informative languages must have a physical, experimental truth to be real) and the denial of organicism (complex, vital arrows in physical systems – reproductive repetitions and eusocial evolution) are so pervading in quantum physics that is truly surprising… because all the fundamental isomorphisms of quantum physics are organic in nature.

The Complementarity law requires particles of information and fields of Entropy and one cannot exist without the other. Quantum theories are called gauge theories because all require that particles gauge, measure, hence process information as perceptive beings do, in order to interact with each other. The 2 fundamental particles, electrons and quarks constantly reproduce jets of new particles, hence they absorb Entropy. And finally all particles evolve socially into more complex systems, as cells do in organisms. So those are the same 4 arrows of time of all fractal systems of the Universe, which in mathematical, quantum equations are expressed through the different quantum numbers; as those informative/energetic processes take place in orbital paths and through the emission and absorption of electromagnetic Entropy and form.

Fact is we do not see 10-dimensional hyper-strings around us, because dimensions are diffeomorphic, fractal and attached to a temporal function/arrow. And they are topological and so in a 4 dimensional Universe there are only 3 topologies, 2 bidimensional substances, Entropy and form (Holographic Principle) that combine to create finite vital spaces with a time duration – the entities of reality. And that structure is enough to explain all systems.

Only then departing from such fractal 4-dimensional beings, we can build another plane of more extended dimensions in which each beings is a point of a bigger network of spacetime.

Further on, the 3 dimensions of time change, past-present and future parallel to the 3-topologies of space, energetic planar membranes, cyclical present, reproductive volumes and hyperbolic informative centers create harmonies of forms and functions, which have to be study with the rules of causality and logic, considering always the Galilean paradox: motions in time are equivalent to dimensional forms in space.

In its simplest creative processes, those logic chains and dualities mean that dimensions grow in time as points displace creating lines, lines displace creating planes, planes displace creating cubes, and cubes displace creating momentum, mv, where v becomes the 4^{th} dimension, as the cube moves tracing the first trajectory of a bigger plane of existence.

And the same process describes a point that becomes a cycle that rotates into a bigger sphere that moves along a new cyclical trajectory, creating a 4^{th} new dimension of a bigger plane.

So a 4-dimensional cube is not the fancy cube of hyper-dimensional geometry but a 2 dimensional plane of space or cycle of information that grows in height as a flat sheet of Entropy reproduces its form, or rotates cyclically and then, moved along a temporal path, with v or w lineal or cyclical speed.

We then obtain a translating cube. Since reality follows the dimensions of normal time and space, not the hyper cubes of idealized mathematics.

What truly happens is that a wave or form that displaces along a given path reproduces its form, its information, creating, reproducing a new dimension, which first is measured as speed and then leaves a solid trace behind. So when we emit a ray of light, light imprints and forms gravitational space creating a form with a new dimension of length. Only recently, physicists used this common sense definition of dimensionality in String Theory: where a string moves along a perpendicular path creating a plane and then again creating a cube of pure space.

In that regard, physicists’ role is not to invent mathematical fantasies but to *limit mathematical models to the physical reality in which the inflationary information of mathematics is restricted by the resistance of Entropy to acquire complex forms.*

*So only certain efficient geometries and topologies exist, and the enormous numbers of imaginary, unstable particles do not matter, as the inflationary universe keeps creating forms but few survive.*

Thus good physics describe only what reality shows: the constant, discontinuous, growth and extinction of dimensional beings, which can be seen as fixed forms or in movement (so a wheel spinning or a planetoid circling Saturn might seem a fixed dimensional form, when observed without detail). Yet once the 3 dimensions of space are filled up, the object will create moving, translation dimensions as its trajectories shape new cycles, or it will create real dimensions of form, if it reproduces in ‘biological radiations’, growing from micro-forms into macro-forms.

In both cases we would see how the object ads a new dimension that enlarges its world. For example, imagine a 3-dimensional living sphere, a cell. As it reproduces, it fills now a macro-dimension and after multiple processes of dimensional reproduction, it will create a macro-organism that has 6 dimensions, the 3 of microcosmic, cellular space, and the 3 of macrocosmic organic space.

Then again, if that individual organism, the first of its species, multiples, and organizes itself into a society, an ant-hill or a human society, it will expand in macro-macro space, again filling up 3 bigger macro-macro dimensions of space, till reaching 9 dimensions, whose growth can be measured as a t-duration with lineal time, giving us 9 (classic space) + 1 (lineal time) dimensions in ‘classic physics’. In this manner because space-times are fractal, moving geometries and dimensions are finite processes of reproductive growth, when we talk of multiple dimensions we don’t have to invent spatial geometries, and follow Minkowski’s definition of time as a spatial dimension, but just describe reality, as it is, and consider each movement or reproduction of form with a certain frequency, a dimension of time. In those terms, many ‘mysterious’ objects of the physical universe described mathematically with multiple dimensions, conceptually ill-defined, become now real, complex space-time fields, extended across fractal spaces from micro-worlds to macro-worlds, as your 9+1 dimensional organism extended in 3 scales, from cells to individuals to society, is.

Such 9+1 dimensional strings (expressed in lineal time and classic Euclidean space) are thus an error due to the ignorance of the Galilean Paradox: dimensions are initially moving and reproductive cycles of times perceived as fixed forms and distances. Yet those dimensions are dynamic, since they grow and occupy a volume creating new macro spaces – the fractal scales of reality – from microcosmic photons to macrocosmic galaxies.

For example, a moving photon-point reproduces a bidimensional line/wave, which wobbles upwards and creates finally a 4 dimensional macro-space of light with length-speed, electric height, magnetic width, and frequency-rhythm. In the same way a cycle of time can rotate upwards and sideward becoming a 4-dimensional mass or charge also with length, height, width and rhythm. A 5 dimensional object would then be a mass creating a new, lineal trajectory, giving birth to 5-dimensional, lineal momentum (a mass moving in a line); or a 5 dimensional rotating mass with angular momentum. Thus, reproductive movements and rotations create dimensions, which give origin to a growing fractal reality of repetitive, scalar forms – the vital reality we see. Unfortunately, in XX C. Physics, since Minkowski’s invention of a spatial, 4^{th} dimension of time, most of the dimensional work done in physics is just about fancy mathematical objects, which have little to do with the real n-dimensional, space-time.

All languages are inflationary. So in the same way ‘hair is blue’ and ‘hair is green’ are 2 beautiful sentences, however false, physicists can create all kind of fanciful geometries, however false. Fact is reality doesn’t have 10, not even 4 continuous fixed, space dimensions, but it is constructed with fractal, scalar dimensions that grow from micro to macro worlds.

So we should apply 2 fundamental isomorphisms of scientific truth, the Occam principle (truth is the simplest explanation of reality) and the experimental method (truth is a description of real phenomena) to the problem of multiple dimensions. Reality is not born out of the complex geometry of 9 dimensional continuous spaces. Its complexity grows with the creation of dimensions that start as the temporal, reproductive movement of a form that becomes a fixed structure of space, and again reproduces its movement in time or inversely extinguish its dimensional form. Yet since those dimensions are limited, fractal dimensions they end when the wave ends its reproduction or the particle ends its movement – so they can be increased ad infinitum as the form grows into new macroforms.

-Such fractal, scalar nature also implies that we should always consider the interaction of both membranes, gravitational and electromagnetic membranes, instead of trying to simplify them. In that sense, physicists try to unify the micro-world of electro-magnetism and the macro-world of gravitation, without realizing they are 2 different scales of the Universe: to unify them is like trying to unify the existence of human beings and their macro-scale of societies; or the properties of cells and the ecology of its macro-organisms with the same equations/isomorphisms of behavior. What is relevant is to explain the relationships and self-similar isomorphisms of invariance that happen between those scales.

All in all what this means is that the holy grail of present physics, the scalar boson with a new field never found on Nature, the Higgs, and the super symmetric inflation of background dependent, 10 plus dimensional strings don’t exist. And an enormous number of virtual, unstable particles don’t live long enough to be relevant except as failed games of the inflationary game of reproduction of fractal information. So once we have limited the theme of our inquire to what is real – stable particles described by classic quantum numbers – in the realm of evolved light-space forms, and quantum gravitation (strong force and its boson strings, gluon and quarks), which is what quantum theory studies we can go on illuminating its whys with the tools of multiple spaces and times.

*Recap*. Information is inflationary, so it is the mathematical language, whose enormous number of possible theories about reality must be contrasted with the experimental method and the logic principles in which existence is based. But physicists are ‘Pythagorean’, so they cannot accept truths, which are not written with mathematical equations. This means till modern times despite Gödel’s work about the errors of mathematical equations; they have ignored the isomorphisms of information and morphological change. Unfortunately many of such simple solutions will require time to be adopted, as there is in a Universe of inflationary information, many ill-devised theories based in the faulty, previous paradigm of metric spaces, whose practitioners will have a hard time to abandon.

**Whole and parts: quantum waves.**

There is finally the problem of jargons, which is especially difficult when dealing with quantum physics, which is the less understood in conceptual terms of all the scales. As IT IS THE CLEAREST CASE OF ANTHROPOMOPRHIC, OBSERVER’S HUMAN POINT OF VIEW, analysis since Ptolemy, due to the self-centered ego-centered Germanic idealist culture that discovered it. Some examples of this needed translation following Einstein’s wishes:

- Uncertainty principle: h is the minimal space-time being of the perceived light space-time Universe, it is NOT an abstraction, but an angular momentum, a cycle of time, enclosing a vital space with energy, hence a unit of energy and Time, and Se x Tƒ, ‘FINITESIMAL’. So of course, there is always a remnant H, and H is the cellular unit of future creation of more complex social particles. Thus we shall call it Planckton, by analogy with the minimal unit of the trophic pyramid of sea life. Now, Heisenberg merely tell us that because the observer will always find this remnant to observe, and on top it will destroy it as it measures-absorbs its energy and information, it will be delocalized on position, or energy-momentum. He does explain it from the perspective of the observer, which is like a whale telling us that the ‘tasting’ of Planckton has the uncertainty of tearing it before tasting it.
- Wave-particle duality, which are just the balanced ST and Tƒ states, which are preferred to move (ST state) in a steady speed or to gauge information, with its inward accelerated motion. Wave state is further preferred as any ‘group’ knows, when motion or defensive state. So an army, a school of fish or flock will always be in wave state when moving and particle tight formation when attacked by a predator or enemy army. This duality of all scales also explains why in small slits, the wave moves through several slits and appears at the other side’s screen as a wave.
- Fractal nebulae, they are not probabilities in time, but as Schrodinger explained, density of populations in space, as we do see a simultaneous picture of them all in a single still, so it is the perception of the electronic wave at its ST level, under the symmetry of time or space perception, events as probabilities or fractal populations, both studied with the same statistical ‘bell-curves’ and Gaussian tools.
- Spooky entanglement, which deals with the fact that most motions and information transfers required the translation in a lower faster Se x Tƒ = k scale of the 5th dimension. So as chemical cells often transfer information through faster electric neurons of a different 5D plane of existence; or as we do talk through faster invisible phones despite being verbal beings, information between particles transfer through the non-local, lower gravitational scale of ‘dark energy’, making possible entanglement, and simultaneous, immediate perception of information, which we do not see as it is transferred in a relative infinite speed, v=S/Tƒ= Se/0 gravitational perceived information = ∞ speed.

Now, we deal with the full translation of all spooky quantum effects to the isomorphic laws of T.œ in other parts of the blog. Some are that simple to translate in organic terms, some are caused by the asymmetry of 5D arrows, which causes more information in lower scale – hence the sum over histories and use of functional operators, to meet so much information, and the impossibility in this introductory post to get into detailed mathematical physics on quantum theory (only the simpler equations of upper scales of less information, mechanics and partially thermodynamics, will be translated).

The number of facts we shall explain with those isomorphic functionals is as in all other systems studied in this blog enormous – namely when/if the 4th line of the blog is finished, ‘all’ the facts of physical states/systems will be derived from them.

Thus all analysis of a single plane must be though combined with the 5th dimension duality of infinitesimals and wholes, so we can then define as the particle, the fractal, condensed, organic function of the wave, Tƒ, position, mostly around a fixed quark-gravitational points; then the herd, loose state, reached most often when in motion as an electronic herd and then the wave-field of light. So an electron is a condensed state of a wave of dense h-Planck light space-time fields, and this explains their behavior in quantum fields similar to that of any herd that moves loosely in any scale and becomes a knot in a static, solid crystallized form or when in defensive mood. So the army becomes a ball and the school of fishes and the electronic wave when defied by an enemy, predator or high energy human observer’s ray-bomb:

Fields, waves and particles are the ternary symmetry of physical spaces in its Se-field, Tƒ-particle and ST-wave states. As such they are the main protagonists of mathematical physics. And its evolution into each other by increasing the frequency, that is the speed of the Tƒ, time vortex is shown in the graph above.

It thus rests to study the isomorphism of physical actions to fully grasp the meaning of physics, and then study in more detail those isomorphic, frozen species, the atoms, the galaxy and in between matter states.

*An electron is a herd of photons that gathers into a particle or expands as a wave, depending on which strategy maximizes its survival and movement, as a school of fishes does in front of a predator. The herd even splits its ST fields (P _{1}, P_{2}) when it finds an obstacle and later merges back those space and time fields into a compact form. Yet Physics ignores the bio-logic strategy of the electron and uses a probabilistic explanation of the wave/particle principle to keep its mechanist ideas on matter.*

*It also ignores that the 2 components of an ‘Abelian’ Phase space, which defines the mass-field of the electron, are an energetic and informative component (the imaginary number) since its concepts of space-time are still monist, continuous, ‘infinite’.*

The units of both membranes, the gravitational and electromagnetic membrane are time actions, ST, product of the minimal spatial Entropy and cyclical time of both membranes. Here due to our limited space we shall not study the gravitational membrane, whose minimal quanta of lambda length and Planck time creates a lineal and cyclical string, or action of gravitational time; which becomes a gluon/neutrino wave in the next scale and then a quark wave.

We shall consider only some aspects of the self-similar wave of light bosons (h-plankton or ‘photons’) that condensate in cyclical phase space forming a De Broglie mass-wave, or electron whose pattern is defined by the real, lineal energetic component and imaginary, informative, height-dimension of its algebraic equations.

What is the ‘it’ that Schrodinger & Dirac equations describe? The duality between a whole and its fractal parts explains the nature of Physical Actions, microscopic quanta of Entropy and time that any physical vortex emits or absorbs to communicate with its environment, complete its existential cycles and stabilize its accelerations: Actions are projections of the form of a given being in the external Universe, achieved thanks to the use of Entropy that ‘translates’ in space its in-form-ation:

*Present Macro-Organisms (∆) -> Micro-Actions (∆ _{-1})*:

*Max.E x Max.Tƒ (Organism)-> **Σ** Min. e x ∏ Min.Tiƒ (Action)*

*Σ**ST=K*

Both, in organisms and actions the arrows of Entropy and information merge in constant ‘presents’ – systems that exist longer *precisely because *their Entropy and information* are* in balance. A present organism is a cellular system with 2 poles – one dominant in Entropy or relative body/field, and one dominant in information, or relative head/particle, which constantly relate to each other by exchanging small bites and bits of Entropy and information, called actions*, Min. **Σ**S x Tƒ=K*.

A physical action, defined by the specific equation of a Universal action applied to the scale of electromagnetism, writes also ExT=K(h). Where Entropy and Time are inverse functions, whose product is always a balanced constant. Thus as inverse functions the growth of one of those 2 elements E or T means the diminution of the other. From where Physicists deduce a series of fundamental isomorphisms of physics, studied in detail in the non-abridged version of this book (Heisenberg Principle, Law of Force ranges, etc.)

The same law applies to any Universal action. For example, humans who process biological information sleep in absolute zero movement-space. They maximize information by minimizing Entropy. So happens with thinkers, which are quiet people when reflecting upon information, or informative chips which occupy little space and work better in coldness.

The exchanges of actions between beings resolve the paradox Leibniz encountered in his analysis of Space-time monads: how the different space-time beings communicate each other, creating the networks and complex systems we observe in the Universe? The answer is through microscopic actions.

Actions are microscopic ‘cells’ of the bigger organism – in terms of cyclical time, they are minimal frequencies, compared to the complex, bigger organism made of knows of multiple events), the duality of macro-knots of frequencies and individual actions define a fractal Universe organized in scales or ‘planes’ of space-time of different size and temporal duration. Any organism, in that sense, extends in 3 ±i relative planes of size and duration.

The natural St plane, for example, in the human case, our individual scale of existence; the microscopic, cellular plane, in which the Entropy and information of any entity’s action develops. In the human case, it is the cellular scale, which provides the Entropy and information for our actions. And finally, the social macroscopic, +st plane, in which the individual is often a microscopic action, part of a whole mass that performs a social cycle. So humans gather in masses that perform social actions that change their macroscopic scale, nation or civilization – while particles gather in waves and life beings in herds.

Thus, all organisms combine their S x T actions in knots we call cells, which gather together in constant species, creating an ∞ variety of relative Space-time beings, perceived simultaneously together as a present, continuous Universe.

Any entity in the Universe extends across 3 relative scales, the minimal scale of ‘actions’ of Entropy and time, the scale of cellular knots in which multiple cyclical actions gather together, and the scale of organisms and ecosystems made of multiple cells.

In those 3 cases reality is dynamic, as all those scales are made of moving cycles and fields of Entropy and time, despite the fact that we might see them as static forms.

The platonic, mathematic paradoxes of Quantum Theory can be explained in organic terms. Since, as Einstein said God doesn’t play dices and the Universe is not a mathematical probability but a dual, biological and geometrical game of herds and wholes.

The experimental proofs of quantum physics back organicism, in the image, the wave/particle behavior self-similar to that of organic herds, and a picture of an electron, which has the form of a nebula of fractal micro-points, self-similar to the whole.

We understand quantum waves and particles in terms of the structural duality of a Universe made of organic wholes or ‘particles’ that can be observed in its st_{-1}, lower plane of existence as a wave of cellular, fractal, quantum parts.

In the graph, the wave-particle duality shows that physical particles behave in an organic form: an electron wave explodes into its multiple quanta (which seem to be ‘cellular’ condensates of st_{-1} photons) as it reaches a thin barrier in order to cross it. Light also divides itself into a herd of photonic quanta when it passes a slit.

In fact, fractal particles split their spatial and temporal fields, SxT when passing those apertures. Then sometimes they successfully mix both fields back together recreating the electron and sometimes fail to do that. Hence there are 2 possible solutions to the previous event, which fractal physics express as a quadratic probability when the electron reconstructs itself (sxt) or a null probability (s¹t) when it doesn’t; and we explain as a biological process. Further on, since life is caused by the social organization of cells into a higher plane of existence, those wave/particle fluctuations can be explained as particles that ‘die’ and ‘resurrect’ constantly.

The biological nature of those events is even clearer in the inverse process: when a spatial force, for example, light, comes closer to an informative, complex particle like an electron it evolves into a cellular, compact form – a dot of the photonic nebulae of the electron that integrates itself as a ‘probabilistic point=cell’ of the electron. On the other hand, when a researcher hits with a high Entropy beam an electronic wave, it collapses into a particle, as a school of fish clumps together in front of a bigger predator.

*Recap*. Physicists say that the wave solutions of the space-time field collapse, affected by the observer. It is the abstract, statistical way of saying that a wave of light is a herd of h-quanta, which evolves, imploding its form when it is absorbed by an electron of higher form. Yet the why of that how is biological, not ‘mathematical’, since as Einstein put it in his critique of a probabilistic interpretation of quantum waves, ‘God doesn’t play dices’.

**Identical Particles.**

Bohmian mechanics can be formulated for identical particles, despite a fact that could be felt to contradict their indistinguishability, namely that the particle trajectories in R³ determine “who is who” at different times, i.e., select a one-to-one association between the N points at any time t1 and the N points at another time t2. Taking the notion of a particle seriously, as one should in Bohmian mechanics, one recognizes that the configuration space for N identical particles is best regarded as the manifold of all sets of N points in physical space R³. This manifold has non- trivial topological properties, as its fundamental (homotopy) group is isomorphic to the group of permutations of N objects. On such manifolds there arise several versions of Bohmian mechanics corresponding to the different 1-dimensional representations of the fundamental group; for the permutation group, there are two such representations, corresponding to bosons (with symmetric wave functions on the covering space R³N) and fermions (with anti-symmetric wave functions). Thus, Bohmian mechanics lends support to the modern view that the symmetrization postulate emerges as a topological effect, due to the non-trivial topology of configuration space.

**Quantum Equilibrium Hypothesis.**

This is the assertion that whenever a system has wave function ψ then its configuration is (or can be taken to be) random with probability distribution |ψ|². Equivariance implies that this hypothesis is consistent with the time evolution of isolated systems, and it is not hard to show that it is also consistent with the time evolution if the system is not isolated, provided we take ψ to mean the conditional wave function. An important consequence of the quantum equilib- rium hypothesis is the empirical equivalence between Bohmian mechanics and quantum mechanics: For every conceivable experiment, whenever quantum mechanics makes an unambiguous prediction, Bohmian mechanics makes exactly the same prediction. Thus, the two cannot be tested against each other.

The quantum equilibrium hypothesis follows from *typicality*: As shownusing the law of large numbers, results of experiments are as predicted by the quantum equilibrium hypothesis for typical initial configurations Q(t0) of the universe relative to the |Ψt0 |² distribution, i.e., for the overwhelming majority, counted using the |Ψt0|² distribution, of the initial configurations.

**Operators.**

Given that it makes the same predictions as quantum mechanics, what is the status in Bohmian mechanics of the non-commuting operators of the quantum formalism (the self-adjoint “observables”), with which the predictions of quantum me- chanics seem exclusively concerned? The answer is that operators do in fact arise nat- urally in Bohmian mechanics, but with a different meaning than the one attributed to them in orthodox quantum mechanics (which regards them as more or less the same thing as their classical counterparts: as “observables” that can be “measured”).

Instead, operators in Bohmian mechanics are mathematical tools encoding statistics. Let us explain.

The statistics of the random outcome Z of an experiment in a world governed by Bohmian mechanics on a system with wave function ψ can be shown always to be of the form (in Dirac notation)

Prob(Z = α) = ⟨ψ|E(α)|ψ⟩

where E(α) is a suitable positive operator. (Together, the E(α) form a positive-operator- valued measure,.) In relevant cases, E(α) is a family of projection operators which are mutually orthogonal (a projection-valued measure, or PVM), and thus corre- spond to the one self-adjoint operator

A =∑αE(α), which, by the spectral theorem, contains precisely the same information as the PVM E(α).

Thus, operators encode the functional dependence of the outcome statistics on the system’s wave function ψ. With this understanding, which is opposite to thinking of operators as representing quantities whose values can be “measured,” it is no longer surprising that one cannot associate actual values with all “observables” in a consistent way.

With this understanding, contextuality is not surprising either, since it no longer means that the same quantity can choose different values depending on what happens to another system, but rather that, unspectacularly, different experiments can have the same statistics.

**Populations vs. Probabilities: Fractal, Quantum Particles.**

We have now a general, simplified overview of the arrows of time and the topologies of space, which can be applied to resolve some of the basic riddles of quantum physics.

The first fact we must define, once the arrows of time are understood in its dualities, morphologically in space and dynamically as a series of events in time, is the duality of any physical system, composed of a relative energetic, past event/force and a relative informative, future event/particle. If we see reality fixed in space it will appear as a force/particle system; if we see it moving in time, it will appear as a relative energetic past wave that evolves and devolves constantly into a relative future particle of information. Our choice of reality as fixed or moving, in space or time is merely a question of the mind and how it perceives, according to the Paradox of Galileo, which stated that the Earth moves and doesn’t move, depending on our choice of perception. This is the solution to the quantum paradox of uncertainty.

Further on, in physical systems there is not at first sight an apparent dominant arrow of future, since we are making spatial pictures of them. That is why quantum physicists often confuse temporal events with spatial forces (such as the weak event or the mass-clocks that Higgs describes with spatial forces and particles).

They also don’t realize of the anti-symmetry of time and believe that moving forward in time (life arrow) is the same that moving backward (the death arrow). For the same reason Physicists confuse anti-particle events with particles in space – when they are 2 arrows of time of the same entity. All this happens because a cycle of space-time in electrons and particles is just too short and so physicists often make pictures of the entire event/life & death of the particle. So the particle life and antiparticle death is confused with a spatial cycle when in fact it establishes also an order of time, between life as a particle and death as an antiparticle.

The same life-death cycle happens when a particle dies and explodes back in a wave similar to star big-bang.

Tƒ make it all more confusing, physicists ignore the duality of the ages of time that become organs in space of a fractal organism. So sometimes a wave is the death of a particle but sometimes it is the spatial, organic energetic field, over which the particle/head exists as a complementary organism.

Only when all those dualities are understood, we can re-classify and re-order in a systematic manner all the forces, events, particles and systems of quantum physics in a complex, clear pattern.

In organic terms, the wave of a quantum system is the reproductive body of the system and the particle its informative state and both co-exist together (Complementarity system) as a dual system, whose energetic limbs are the fields of forces that displace the system.

Like life systems, particles have an order called the life/death cycle, first dominated by the arrow of information through the 3 life ages and then exploded into death by the arrow of Entropy. Thus physical systems do have temporal causality and anti-symmetry: they exist first slow as informative particles and then die fast in big-bangs as anti-particles or as disordered waves. Because the relationship between the informative-time speed of a system is related to its spatial size (ExTi=k), by the chip/mouse/hole paradox (smaller chips calculate faster), we can consider that the particle/wave duality or the particle/antiparticle duality are; when observed not as fixed space or dual organisms, but as casual events in time, the life cycles of physical matter, which are extremely short, as they are extremely small. In other cases though, they are part of a complex topological organism, acting as body, Entropy and form of a ternary Non-Euclidean structure:

_{Relative Entropy=past (Entropy field)}*<Body/Wave: present> ^{Future=information=particle}*

In the previous equation, we added a bidimensional representation to the standard feedback wave: The information or future particle is as the relative past Entropy field, far less observable that the present body wave that mixes both, Entropy and information to create the combined field, reason why the phase space of a mass wave is not easily perceivable. The key to differentiate both types of entities, past and future, Entropy and form, motion and stop, E<=>I, as separate entities are the inverse properties of time that the present merges in a holographic form.

Thus, we distinguish for each ternary creation and form, the whole system and then its energetic parts more visible in space and its informative events more durable in time.

The symmetry between time and information on one side and its inverse symmetry between Entropy and space on the other, for the experiences theorist who fully grasp the isomorphisms of multiple times and spaces is the most revealing tool to classify reality and understand its events and isomorphisms as specific sub-equations of the generator of space and time.

Most dual particles are not spatial but transformational particle/antiparticle events of short duration and most bosons are wave /particle generational events, as they constantly switch between its big bang wave event and particle state. And so we write the anti-symmetry of time in those physical systems as a duality, a temporal, past to future life/death, informative particle/big bang cycle:

_{Big Bang arrows (energetic, expansive state)}<*Dual system*> ^{Big crunch (informative state)}

All those different spatial, ternary systems and dual events happen in all the scales of the Universe, the quantum scale, the solar scale, the galactic scale and perhaps a higher scale of relative Universes made of cellular galaxies, in increasing time lengths. So we write for the Universe at large:

_{Past Expansive dark Entropy}<Steady state:present cosmos>^{Future Implosive Galaxy}

Thus in that cosmological scale the galaxy follows a generational cycle from the big-bang to the big-crunch, through a steady state of minimal creation of mass, in which we live.

If we were to observe in absolute detail two photons in 2 cycles, probably we would observe slight differences in its configuration; as we do when we see two Chinese, father and son, which at first look are both called Cheng and both look the same.

The dual cycle that matters most to us is obviously the one of creation and destruction of mass: the arrow of time bends space into mass (M=e/c^{2}), and the arrow of entropy explodes form into Entropy (E=Mc^{2}). Einstein said that the separation between past and future is an illusion. Those 2 equations of Einstein show the equal importance of both arrows of time, Entropy and mass/information. However when we transcend into beings with higher information, the dominance of information creates the order of future that we, biological beings, experience, and philosophers have always called the 3 ages of life.

The mysteries of quantum physics can also be explained from an organic perspective. In the graph, we observe 2 of those solutions:

– Particles choose to behave as a herd of fractal parts or as an organic whole, when they cross through doors and slits. Particles interact with the electronic beams of particles we use to detect them, modifying its position and speed (Uncertainty principle). In the graph, we can see that behavior: An electron is a herd of photons that gathers into a particle or expands as a wave, depending on which strategy maximizes its survival and movement, as a school of fishes does in front of a predator. The herd even splits its ST fields (P_{1}, P_{2}) when it finds an obstacle and later merges back those space and time geometries into a compact form. Quantum Physics ignores the bio-logic strategy of the electron and uses a probabilistic explanation of the wave/particle principle to maintain its mechanist, abstract ideas about matter. The misunderstanding of the dualities of time/information and Entropy/space make thoroughly confusing its explanation of time and space parameters in those processes. In the right picture, we can notice the self-similarity of the atom with a spiral galaxy. Both have a center black hole zone where the quark proton and quark hole are. But self-similarity is not identity, so even if quantum cosmologists try to use quantum isomorphisms to study the Universe, it is more meaningful to study directly the cosmos with satellites and telescopes, than replicating mini-big bangs of quarks on Earth.

In fractal space-time electrons become nebulae of self-similar fractal parts which can be described with fractal equations of the type biologists use to define cells as fractal parts with self-similar functions to those of the whole electronic organism. So only a fractal organic description of the quantum world, resolves its paradoxes and contradictions.

The alternative to all those proofs of the organic structure of the Universe is a Pythagorean fantasy called the Copenhagen interpretation. It considers the Universe uncertain as the herd of quanta is not a population described as any other group with percentages of the whole (which in statistics has a probability 1), but according to Bohr et al, those probabilities are real and the Universe is made of numbers. Indeed, quantum physics has finally achieved the religious goal of the founding fathers, Kepler and Galileo, God not only speaks mathematics but the Universe is mathematical.

This is nonsense, of course. Yet anytime a physicist in the past century has tried to put forward the organic, logic paradigm, his work has been ridiculed, while entire institutions of learning are dedicated to explore Everett’s thesis that each point of an electron nebulae is in a different, parallel Universe! All of them though shown in the same picture, hence cameras are machines that travel through infinite Universes! at the same time! This Bohr/Everett alternative is thus an absurd, abstract, illogic interpretation, which defies the 3 legs of the scientific method; logic consistency, mathematical accuracy (as the results are often uncertainties, singularities and infinities, cleaned up ad hoc) and experimental evidence obtained with the first pictures of electronic nebulae, 40 years ago:

The electron appeared as a fractal of smaller, self-similar electronic cells, dense, smaller electronic parts that adopt either a herd/wave configuration or a tight, organic, particle-like one. Or else, we would have observed in this Universe only a single electron point. Further on, the behavior of an electronic herd, when bombarded by massive particles, as those humans use to observe them is self-similar to that of any crowd, from fishes that come together when they are attacked by sharks, to soldiers in a battle field. 40 years have passed and yet the mathematical models of electrons as fractals are ignored by abstract, mechanist scientists.

The platonic, mathematic paradoxes of Quantum Theory can be explained in organic terms. The quantum world is not a mathematical probability but a ternary, geometric game of reproductive fractal herds=bodies and particles=knots of information, displacing over lines=fields of forces.

The equation of Entropy and information, Spe × Tiƒ = h(k) that defines quantum physics is not an uncertainty but a fluctuation. It is the equation of existence of ‘Planckton’, the minimal action of Entropy and time of the light Universe, which sometimes evolves into informative particles or relaxes further into space-waves. Thus the equation has two limits of death as Entropy and evolution as form. The particles that appear from the vacuum are those evolutions of form of the h-quanta, the substance of which our light space-time is made. The uncertainty of measure is only in our instruments which cannot measure at the same time the wave/body and photon/head states of the quanta. As you cannot make a dual picture of yourself as a whole body or a cellular network: you need to focus the picture in macro or microscopic scales.

*Recap*. We understand quantum waves and particles also in terms of the structural scales of a Universe made of organic wholes or particles that can be observed in its st_{-1}, lower plane of existence as a wave of cellular, fractal, quantum parts. In this book we hardly touch the ternary scales of all systems that also structure particles as wholes of smaller particles and parts of bigger structures. So atoms are parts of molecules and wholes of particles. And the self-similar isomorphisms of hierarchical planes determine many of the events and relationships between particles, atoms and molecules.

**Time motions. Physical Death. Big-bangs and antiparticles.**

__ __*In the graph, when we observe an electron we see it jumping backwards and forwards in time in an erratic trajectory, as it becomes its particle and antiparticle.*

Traveling in time towards the past means in the restricted, spatial, geometrical definition of time in physics, an inverse, cyclical movement as the one created when moving backwards the needle of a clock. Since physicists ‘extract’ their concept of time from a spatial definition of movement: v=s/t. Thus physical time is only the analysis of change in the motion and geometry of space; and traveling backwards in time in both, the previous Galilean equation of relativity or Einstein’s equation is merely a geometrical change of direction or a contraction in the ‘dual’ perception of space as distance or c-speed.

In physical space there are also dual dissolutions in space, which are processes of death, the best known a big-bang process that annihilates particles and antiparticles into a release of pure Entropy and annihilates a black hole into a Supernova or quasar of pure Entropy: A dual process of palingenesis happens in those death processes when the big-bang gives birth to an accelerated birth. So black holes trigger the palingenesis and fast evolution of stars and a cosmic big-bang, the big-banging of particles.

The antiparticle is the 3^{rd} age (inverse in Entropy/information parameters to the first age) and final death of the particle, reason why it lasts so little and its parameters of time are towards the past. This explains further 2 unexplained facts of astrophysics: why there are less perceived antiparticles. Simple: because the total perception we have of particles is its ‘existential force’=Entropy x Time and they last in time much more than the antiparticles, which die fast. In the same manner all men die but they die so fast that we see much more living humans than corpses around us.

A second interesting consequence of the antiparticle travelling to the past as the dying state of the particle is the fact that while physicists observe them as being born together in the same point and fusioning again in the point of death, the real path is, since the antiparticle travels to the past, that of a single particle when we observe them with the arrow of future information (Feynman diagram of the graph of palingenesis). The particle is born, explodes where it meets the antiparticle in the conventional drawing. Then it dies explodes into Entropy and leaves a remnant ghost, the antiparticle that moves backwards in time and fades away in the point of birth of the particle. *But there is only a particle at each moment in the time loop, reason why *for example, we have never observed black hole evaporation, which is based in the existence of two particles. This phenomenon happens in all scales. In the next scale of electrons, the same

In the previous graph we observe one of such processes. The graph shows the sum of the life (blue) arrow and death (red/antiparticle travelling to the past) arrow of an electron, which appears and disappears constantly in its path forwards. Thus, the motion of virtual photons and electrons seems to correspond to a series of life-death cycles shown as particle=life arrows/antiparticle=death arrows or wave (st-1 plane)/particle (st-plane) fluctuations, which include a ‘quantic jump of spacetime’ in which the particle disappears becomes its antiparticle moves to the past and re-appears in a relative present location, displaced both in time and space coordinates, proving the constant cycles of creation and destruction and the fluctuation between hierarchical past and future states of all palingenetic systems of the Universe.

Yet the same process happens in our biological death. Those who have survived death feel an explosion of light in the brain/informative human particle. Then memory rewinds backwards its path till youth, when you will awake in the lower plane of existence as a mere cell. This is equivalent to the death of the antiparticle that ‘reverses’ its coordinates till it meets its final death in the point of birth (hence it seems two particles are born in that point but one is the death particle returning to its past). At that point it dissolves in the lower vacuum plane.

The best known case of travel in time in physics is the virtual particle/antiparticle systems that constantly pop out in the Universe. Antiparticles seem to travel to the past while particles travel to the future and both annihilate themselves. What we observe here is 2 particles with different geometrical directions that together complete a ‘cycle of physical existence’. We could say that the particle is the 1^{st} age of the entity, from past to future and the antiparticle its devolving age from future to past or 3^{rd} age of the entity and together form a closed loop of space-time, an existence. Or in some cases, the particle is the life arrow and the antiparticle the death arrow. So we have to see them consequentially, one after another in time, even if when we measure them in present-simultaneity, as they are so fast we see the entire life of the particle in an instant of space. So they seem to us mere geometrical shapes.

The entire cycle of Time change is often perceived together, when studying flows from past to future in those fast, simultaneous phenomena that become then fixed loops of space. In any case a death/back in time travel never goes beyond the limits of the entity that experiences it. Those geometrical time travels do not influence the entire, absolute time of the Universe, as Hawking naively thinks, when he talks about black holes as time machines because their ‘t’ parameters are inverse. Or when he thinks that black holes evaporate because antiparticles make them ‘travel to the past’. Antiparticles are only the final stage of the life of a particle, which quantizes its existence in 2 broken phases that don’t affect the absolute time of the Universe. It is that absolute Time the one Einstein studies with its Equations.

*Recap*. Processes of death mean a short travel to the past in which information rewinds. Yet while we travel to the past we do not co-exist in both states as some physicists unaware of the process think it happens with dual particle/antiparticle systems.