Stirrup Age. Middle Ages: 400-1200 AD.
I Age: Epic, Dramatic; II Age: Sensory, Logic; III Age: Baroque death.
Kairuan, VII AD Corduba Mosque XI C Alhambra, XV C
Romanesque; Classic gothic: Chartres; Ornamental: Saint Chappelle
|Roy Diaz entered Burgos, with sixty pennons strong.‘God, what a noble vassal, if he had a worthy lordMio Cid, XI C,Epic literature||This carpenter had wed a wifehe loved better than his life.She was eighteen years of age.Jealous he held her close in cage.For she was wild and youngand he was old, deemed himself as like to be cuckold. Canterbury Tales, Realist, Chaucer, XIV C||‘Why does not the pope empty purgatory for the sake of holy Love, if he redeems an infinite number of soulsFor the sake of miserable money?Luther. XVI C.Corruption of Church|
But all comes to pass. So soon a new metal-cycle, called the stirrup, will bring down the once mighty Roman and Ch’in empires. The stirrup was discovered probably in Korea, which today again is the most advanced nation in war machines, hand in hand with Israel, both manufacturing the first Robotic Terminators that ‘protect’ their ‘walls’, from the influence of Neolithic Islam and ex-Communist North-Korea (now a military inquisition, no longer a science of human social evolution, called Socialism). Around 317-589, the Huns, Nomad warriors able to shoot arrows while galloping, thanks to that stirrup, break China between North and South into sixteen warrior kingdoms, controlled by Huns and Turks. In 430 History registers the invasion of India by the White Huns. The Huns and the Germans, who add their iron expertise, armoring their horses, annihilate the Roman-Christian Empire, which had renewed a paradise of Love and Human Goods. They plummet once more the ethic and living standards of mankind. Their civilization is built around the horseman. He sees himself higher than the rest of humans, just because he is mounted into his horse. So much human vanity. Now Christianity, the resurrection of the wor(l)d that had converted the Roman empire into a religion of love, becomes further corrupted into an inquisition of warriors that ‘crusade’ with swords for conversions. Yet, once the epic youth of warfare passes, during the High Middle Ages, slowly those barbarians convert to the Christian Oikoumene of social love. Europe returns to a society based on ethics in those Low Middle Ages. In Italy and Spain a new age of human goods and art flourishes. In Al-Andalus, the 3 main religions of the West, Judaism, Islam and Christianity, live in harmony. Those final days of social religions left great cathedrals, optimistic buildings full of light, looking upwards to God, built by the collective effort of a happy people that, unlike the Christians of the Epic age of the Stirrup, hurdled in closed Romanesque churches, no longer fear the violence of Germanic tribes. Now they pray together. Gothic cathedrals seem to confirm a wealthy mode of life in the lower Middle Ages with fewer wars. Population doubles in Europe; cities grow. In the Eastern World, the old cultures of the sentient Universe (Taoism and Buddhism) reach a new apogee (Gupta, Song empires).
The main culture of this age is Islam, which spreads over the old Neolithic civilizations: Egypt, the FertileCrescent, Indus Valley and Bengal. Perhaps for that reason, it is today still resisting its conversion to a technological civilization.
In the graph, we use 2 architectural examples from Islam and Christianity, Mosques and Cathedrals, to show the parallelism between both human cultures, whose art goes through the same 3 styles and 3±1 ages of all civilizations:
— Energetic, Epic Youth (simple, lineal forms): In the beginning of the Middle Ages, Cathedrals and Mosques are flat, simple, lineal, similar to fortresses, acting as refuge against invading hordes.
— Classic, reproductive age: In the Lower Middle Ages, they grow in height and light towards their informative God, reaching a classic, harmonic beauty, as the Western world enters a long period of peace and growth of human goods and social love.
— Extinctive, informative baroque. As gunpowder brings back the 4 riders of Apocalypse temples become ornamental, baroque, loosing its ‘higher’, informative, mystique feeling.
Indeed, all those cultures will flourish till the radiation of gunpowder annihilates them. Then again, the cycles of ‘death’ extend over Europe, as weapons and money multiply together at the hands of Go(l)d and Sword masters. And again the process causes Holocausts of Traders and massive famines, poverty and plagues. On one hand, gunpowder gives power to warriors that expand their kingdoms and reduce the power of the church. But gunpowder weapons and mercenary armies cost money. So kings increase taxation, which is collected by the ‘Am Segullah’; money-lenders, which continue with his traditional monopoly on slaving and banking, now expanded to the rest of the Roman Empire. Now taxes are imposed in money and so peasants have to borrow go(l)d from money-lenders, who establish an 80% of annual interest. This means peasants steadily loose their land, as they can’t pay. And the ‘People of the Treasure’ become increasingly wealthy. When monetary taxes are also imposed to the aristocracy with similar rates, warrior aristocrats start loosing their lands and organize pogroms, whose objective is to enter synagogues and burn the ‘books of deeds3’. The protection of kings that need taxes and monetary credit from the money-lenders, named ‘untouchable slaves of the crown’, doesn’t deter peasants and aristocrats. Courts ask for lower interest rates and the end of the banking monopoly of money-lenders. This happens in Italy, where Christian bankers soon compete, diminishing rates and the economy flourish. Other countries notice and expulsions and massacres of the ‘Am Segullah’ (people of the treasure) multiply. It is a brutal lesson of economic ecosystems: an excess of taxation and usury chokes the economy; yet when lending flourishes with just rates, lending spurs growth and investment.
It is also during the Age of European Slaves, when a massive conversion of Mongoloid Khazars to the Jewish Go(l)d religion takes place, with enormous consequences for the future of Economic History, given the fact that Judaism is the Go(l)d culture, origin of our capitalist myths. The data about this conversion, origin of most of the Jewish people alive today (those of the Pale of Settlement, which make up the majority of the Israel Population), is unclear. Historic reason, however, provides a natural explanation, if we consider a similar happening in Congo in the XVI century. Then Portuguese and Sephardim slavers had depleted the Congo kingdom of ‘human capital’ and the king of Congo converted to Christianity to stop the traffic. Because Ukraine was the preferred zone of capture of ‘slavs’, ‘slaves’ sent to Baghdad through the Caucasus route by the Jewish dealers, protected by Frank and Viking mercenaries, which participated also in that trade, one might imagine that the king of the Khazars, as the Congo king did, converted to avoid slavery and participate in the profits of this massive trade that took place from the V to the XIV century. Then the arrival of gunpowder allowed the European aristocracy, by then stripped of most land, which had passed to the hands of the Jewish lenders, due to usury laws (up to 86% of interest2) to take back their lands, after assaulting ghettos, burning debt books and causing the massive Holocaust of the age. Unfortunately, the racial impurity of the Khazars will convert them in the new ‘Levy slaves’, the poor class of peddlers and peasants, which in the Biblical times had become slaves of the ‘pure Levy’ tribe of banker priests and now will become the modern scapegoats of all the cycles of murder and revenge against the financial abuses of their elite of banker priests.